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Full text of "Biographical and historical record of Adams and Wells counties, Indiana : Containing portraits of all the Presidents of the United States from Washington to Cleveland, with accompanying biographies of each : a condensed history of the state of Indiana : portraits and biographies of some of the prominent men of the state : engravings of prominent citizens in Adams and Wells counties, with personal histories of many of the leading families, and a concise history of the counties and their cities and villages"

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3 1833 01786 7554 

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Hdams and 31) off 8 ^outitic8, Jncliann. 



CoNTAiNiXG Portraits of ai.t. the Presidents of the Unitkd Siatks from Washington to 

Cleveland, with a( < o.mi'anying Biockai'hiks ok i:a< ii; A Coniuonski) 1Iist(iry of the 

State OF Indiana; PoRritAiis and JSiocitArniKs of so.mi; ok j he Prominent 

Men OF. THE State; l^NouAViMis of Prominent (.'iri/.iiNs in Adams 

AND Wells Counties, \virn Personal Historiics of manv ■ .. ■. 



Cirii;s AND ^'iLI.AUKS. 



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lie was always a Mctlioilij^t, aiul a good 
Clii'istiaii iiiaii. Mr. Dauglierty's grand- 
lather, George ])aiiglierty, was a native of 
Ireland. lie and three brothers were kid- 
napped on the coast of Ireland, brought to 
America and sold to ])ay their fare. This 
was about 1738. George was sold on the sea 
coast, to a man who livetl in Delaware. He 
died there. Nothing is known of the grand- 
mother Daugherty. Ilis grandfather, Caleb 
Furby, was an otKcer in the lievolutionary 
war, under AVasliington. lie was born in 
Delaware, and died in ]\ronongalia County, 
Virginia. Ilis maternal grandmother, Sarah 
(Davis) Furby, was born in Delaware, and 
died in Franklin County, Ohio. The year 
1843 was one of great scarcity. The season 
was a very wet one and very little was raised. 
Every family was engaged in burning and 
leeching ashes to make black salts to sell to 
the merchants in onler to get tlieir supplies. 
Indians were plenty, as well as game of many 
kinds. ]\[r. Daugherty was originally a Dem- 
ocrat. At the time of the Fierce campaign, 
in 1852, he voted for John P. Hale, the 
Free-soil candidate. After that he voted the 
Republican ticket until four years ago, when 
he became a Frohiliitionist. lie is a member 
of the I!a])tist chnrcli, and Mrs. Daugherty 
is a member of the Methodist church. 


#in boots and shoes, Decat>ir, Indiana, is 
,^ a native of Indiana, Ijorn in Washington 
Townshij), Adams County, August 19, 1S4T, 
a son of Gerhard II. and ]\Iary (Iloltzhouse) 
Voglewede, natives of Hanover, Germany, 
lie was reared in his native township, re- 
nniining at home until twenty years of age, 
wlien in 1807 he began to learn the shoe- 
maker's trade, serving an ap])i'enticeship of 

three years with Adolph Hart, of Decatur. 
In 1872 he went into business for himself, 
and in addition to manufoeturing to order, 
keeps a full line of i-eady-made boots and 
shoes. From 1875 until 1881 he was in 
partnership with different parties under 
various firm names, but for the past six years 
has been alone. He is a good workman, and 
has a large custom trade. October 22, 1872, 
]Mr. Voglewede was married in St. Mary's 
Catholic Church, Decatur, by Father Von 
Schwedler, to Miss Mary Meibers. They 
have si.\ children — Charles, Clara, Clemens, 
Laurana and Bertha (twins), and JIamie. 

mANIEL AV. HOFFMAN was born in 
\''},fl Preble Township, Adams Clounty, this 
\!if State, April 30, 1854. He was reared on 
his father's farm, and renuuned at home until 
he reached his majority. His father then 
purchased a farm for him, and he went to 
farming and threshing. He first went to 
ilichigan, in 187'J, with a steamer, and fol- 
lowed it until 18s3. During that year his 
arm got caught in the cog-wheel of the en- 
gine, and it resulted in the amputation of the 
arm below the elbow joint. "When eighteen 
years of afe he had his arm broken by falling 
from a horse, ilr. HotFman was a son of 
Jacob and J\largaret (niebei-ich) Hoffman. 
The father was born in Hanover, (iermany, 
in 1828, and came to America with his 
parents wdien two years of age. The family 
settled in Wayne County, Ohio, where lie 
was reared. He came to this county when 
a young man, where ho was married, and 
lived until his death, which occurred in Sep- 
tember, 1877. He is buried at the Lutheran 
church cemetery. The mother was born in 
this county in 1831, where she was reared and 
where she is still living, on the farm where 

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t»lic coininciiceil kce])iM<r lioiise. In the 
fatlier's laiuilv were seven cliililreii, tive sons 
and two (laughters. Mr. llDll'iiian was niai-- 
rieil Oetoher 1, l>il\, to .Maria Uley, wlio was 
h(irii ill i'rehlc Township, May '25, 1857, 
(laughter of jVdaiii and Kosina (Seobert) Bley, 
who are natives of Saxony, Germany, and 
wlierc all her brotlicrs and sisters were born, 
she being the only child born in America. 
There were ten children in her fatlier's famil}', 
live sons and five daughters. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hoffman have four children — Rosina M., 
Otto A. .T., Bertha A. and Emma iMary E. 
^Irs. Ilolfmaii's parents came to America in 
1.S53, and settled upon the farm wliere they 
now reside. They celeliratetl tiieir j^olden 
wedding in the fall of 1884, and the children 
were all present. Three sons were in the late 
M-ar — Charles, Louis and AVilliam. Charles 
and Louis served three years, and AVilliam 
ser\-cd one year. Charles died of cancer in 
Preble Townshi]i, May 10, 1886, aged fifty- 
one years. Louis is living at West I'oint, 
^Nebraska, where he keeps a furniture store. 
AVilliam is a farmer, liviiig in Missouri. 

■^ICIIArj) TOWNSENI), proprietor of 
K the Hurt House at Decatur, is a native 
"^X of Adams County, Indiana, born at 
Monmouth, November 6, 1850, a son of Eli 
and Leocadie (Burt) Townsend. The father 
was born in Albany County, New York, and 
w'as of English and Scotch parentage, and the 
mother of our subject was a native of Bradford 
County, Pennsylvania, and of English and 
German ancestry. They were mari-ied in 
January, 1858, and to them were born two 
cliildren, named Richard and Maggie. The 
father came to Adams County, Indiana, in 
1857, remaining but a sliort time, when he re- 
turned to his native county, his father dying 

in Rensselaervillc, in that county, in August, 
iStJS. Jiiiiiiediately after his death the 
mother returned with her cliildren to Deca- 
tur, Adams ( 'ciiinty, where she has since made 
her home. She is a daughter of Chester and 
Lucinda (Vanderlip) J'urt. She was brought 
up principally in Elmira, New York, and 
there received her education. Richard 
Townsend, the subject of this sketch, was but 
an infant when his parents removed to Rens- 
selaervillc, New York, l^iit grew to manhood 
in Adams County, Indiana, returning to this 
county with his mother. lie began working 
at an early age, being employed in various 
capacities in his grandfather's hotel, the Burt 
House, at Decatur, and has worked himself 
up from the humble position of bootblack to 
the proprietorship of the hotel. In January, 
1860, his grandfather, Cliester Burt, died, 
since which he lias been pro])rietor, and owing 
to his skillful management, and genial ami 
accommodating manners, it has become a fa- 
vorite stopping jilace for the traveling juiblic. 



/?=fOIIN WAGONER, an enterprising 
"^..J fanner of J\ronroe Township, residing on 
-•i section -4, was born in Monroe Town- 
shi]), Adams County, Indiaiui, JMarch 15, 
1850, a son of Nicholas AVagoner. lie grew 
to manhood on the home farm, receiving his 
education in the common schools of his 
neighborhood. lie remained at home until 
his marriage, August 20, 1870, to Miss Sarah 
J. Hughes. She was born in Darke County, 
(Jliio, June 26, 1819, a daughter of Lorenzo 
and Selecta (AA'"entworth) Hughes, who were 
also natives of Ohio. They came to Adams 
County, Indiana, in 1863, and settled in iMon- 
roe Township, where they lived till their 
death. They had a family of ten children, 
tour sons and six daughters. The father was 




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foniK'i'ly ;i ^[ftlioilist in liis i'clii^n(nis views, 
Init at'terward joiiiud tliu I'liiti-'il liretln'cii 
cliiircli. The luotlicr was also a iiicinlier ui 
tlie United Jiretlircn cliurcli. Six children 
liave been born to Mr. and iMrs. Wagoner, 
whose names are as follows — AVilliani W., 
Albert C, Lewis Edward, IJenjaniin F., David 
W. and Ilosea C. After iiis marriage Mr. 
Wagoner settled on tlie farm where he now 
resides — a tract of forty acres given him by 
his father. ]Iis land \vlien he tirst settled on 
it was heavily covered with timber. He lias 
steadily improved his hunl and added to it 
until he now owns a tine I'arm of 120 acres, 
sixty-live acres being under good cultivation. 
In connection with his general farming Mi'. 
Wagoner is extensively engaged in stock- 
raising, lie has served his townsliip as 
supervisor for eiglit years, with credit to 
himself and satisfactic)n to his constituents. 
Mrs. AVagoner is a member of the United 
I'rethren church. 

I^IERIIARD II. Y0(;ELWKI)E, an early 
Irtfe settler of AVashington Townsliip, was 
%'A born in Ilanovcr, J'^urope, December 0, 
ISIS, son of Herman and Z\[ary E. Vogel- 
wede. He was reared in his native country, 
and married therein September, 1S45, to 
Mary C. Iloltzhousc, born September 8, 182G, 
in Hanover, and daughter of IJarncy and 
Mary C. To them have been 
born ten children, nine of whom are living — 
Henry, Mary, Gerhard, John, Anthony, 
Catherine, Elizabetli, Louisa and Luc}'. In 
1845 he immigrated to America, and came 
to Adams County by way of I5altimore, set- 
tling on his present farm on section 8, Wash- 
ington Township. He has always been a very 
liard-worldng man, and experienced all the 
vicissitudes of pioneer life. He owns 195 

acres of good hind, and as a farmer has been 
siR'ces.'-ful. lie is a member of the Uoniun 
Catholic church, and is universally respected. 

^WTLL II. FOUGHT, dealer in hard- 
■i'.y/Ail wj^re, caldnet-ware -and tin-ware, 
l'=S;/3^ Geneva, was born in Mansfield, Rich- 
land County, Ohio, December 31, 18i2. His 
father, Caspar Fought, was a sin emaker by 
trade, at which he worked, being in limitetl 
circumstances. His mother, Susanna (Shull) 
I'^otight, died when he was six years old. His 
father then broke up housekecj)ing, and he 
and a younger sister li\ed around among the 
neighbors. His father married again and 
lived but a short time afterward. ()ur sub- 
ject worked at whatev'er he could find to do, 
and wherever he could tind an opportunity to 
woi'k and attend school. He came to Fort 
Recovery, Ohio, in the fall of 1860, and 
served an appreiiticeshi]) at the tinner's trade. 
AVhen the war broke out he eidisted October 
28, 1861, and went into rendezvous at Camp 
Chase, where his company was assigned to 
the F'ortieth Regiment, Ohio Infantry. Upon 
the organization of his company he was made 
Corporal. He ])articipated in man}' of the 
important battles of the war, serving in East- 
ern Kentucky until the spring of 1863, when 
they were transferred to the Army of the 
Cumberland. He was with Sherman in his 
march to the sea, was in the battles of Mission 
Ridge and Lookout ]\Iountain. He was dis- 
charged at Pulaski, Tennessee, November 18, 
186-4. He then returned to Ohio and fin- 
ished his trade, then went to work at Fort 
Recovery. While in that place he was mar- 
ried to F'annie Wellingsford, December 31, 
1867, who died July 14, 1879. He was 
again married in I'ebruary, 1882, to IMiss 
IJelle Flickinger, of Decatur, Indiana. They 








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liuvf oiiL' child — Ivittic ^laric, liorn at (ieiieva IS, ISS-t. Mr. Foiiglit licM the 
otlice of jxi^tmastiT at Ooueva, buiiii^ ap- 
pointed under J'i-e.-^ident Arthiii-'s adminis- 
tration. His coinniissioii was thited dul)' 'IT), 
1883, and lie held the position until removed 
lV)r oli'ensive partisansliip by President Cleve- 
land, October 1, 1885. lie is a member of 
John r. Porter Post, No. S3, G. A. P., be- 
ing a charter member, and taking an active 
]iart in its organization. He has held the 
olHce of senior vice-commander and com- 
mander. At present he is on the depart- 
ment staff', h(jlding the position of assistant 
department inspector, and as adjutant of his 
post. lie has been a memi>er of the town- 
slnp board. 

/fTESSE Nil] LICK, senior member of the 
"I'; tirm of Niblick, Crawford & Sons, of 
-;c Decatur, is a native of Ohio, born in 
what is now Carroll County, August 12, 
1820, a son of James and Anna (Carter) Nib- 
lick. His fatlier was a native of Ireland, 
born .lannary 19, 1803, and brought to 
America by his parents, and was reared in 
New ^'ork ("ity and Tuscarawas County, 
< )hio. lie was a cooper 1)y trade, which lie 
followed until coming to Adams County, In- 
diana, in November, 1830, when he engaged 
in farming in Wasliington Township, near 
Decatur. In 18G9 he removed to Warrens- 
burg, Missouri, where he died a few weeks 
afterward at tiie age of sixty-nine years, lie 
was a consistent Christian and at his death a 
member of the Presbyterian churcli. In poli- 
tics he affiliated with tlie Democratic party, 
and at different times filled minor olHces. 
The mother of our subject was of English 
ancestry, born in the State of ]\[ar3'land, and 
reared in Carroll County, Ohio, where she 

was mari'ied to '^Iv. Niblick. She died near 
Decatur, August 12, 1838. She was an 
earnest member of the ]\[ethodist Episcopal 
church. Of the eight children born to the 
parents four still survive — Pobcrt, a farmer 
of Kirkland Township; Jesse, our subject; 
Adaline, wife of James Daily, of Wells 
County, Indiana; Mary Jane, wife of Sig- 
mond Openheim, of P>luffton. Jesse Niblick 
was but ten years of age when brouglit by 
his jtarents to Adams County, and here lie 
has since lived with the exception of one year 
which he spent in Fremont, Ohio, attending 
school, and here he received the rudiments 
of his education. In his youth lie learned 
the shoemaker's trade, and in 18-4G engaged 
in the boot and shoe liusiness for himself. 
October IG, 1851, he M-as married at Deca- 
tur, to Miss Catherine Closs, who was brought 
from her native country (Germany) by her 
parents, Jolm and Catherine (Sougadifier) 
Closs, in her girlhood. Eight children have 
been born to ilr. and !Mrs. Niblick, seven of 
whom are yet living — "William, cashier of the 
Adams County Hank; Jolin, a member of the 
firm of Niblick, Crawl'ord A; Sons; James 
K., clerking in a mercantile establisliment; 
j\Iary; Amelia; Charles, a bookkeeper in the 
Adams County I'ank, and Daniel, attending 
school at Decatur. Mr. Niblick dealt in 
boots and shoes until 18G6, when he engaged 
in general merchandising with John Craw- 
ford, UTider the firm naine of Niblick & 
Crawford, which business they have since con- 
tinued, the tirm name being changed to Nib- 
lick, Crawford &, Sons, a son of each having 
been admitted as partners. In 1871 ]\fr. 
Niblick, in company with J. D. Nutman, en- 
gaged in a private banking business in the 
name of the Adams County Baid<, Niblick 
& Nutman, bankers. David Studabaker and 
P. B. Allison afterward became associated 
with them, when the bank was tluly organ- 

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i/.L-d under till' St;itc l;i\vs, iind Mr. XiMick 
wat; cU'ctLMl a dircctur and its lirst [ircsi- 
dclit. He wa.s siiceeeded liy 11. JI. Allisuil 
as presit-k'nt, ,Mr. ^\illli(Jk heinir elected vice- 
president. Being one ol' the organizers and 
a stockholder in the Eagle Mamitactiiring 
Coin]iaiiy of' Decatur, Mr. Xililick was elected 
one of its directors, rolitically ]\[r. Xiblick 
casts his biiU'rage witli the 1 )eni(icratic party. 
In 184S lie \\a> elected clerk of AVatliington 
Township, and tVoni that year until iSOo he 
M'as either clerk or trustee c;t' that towiislii]i, 
and sometimes held both uttices at the same 
time. In the tall of ISlio he was elected 
treasurer of Adams County, and re-elected in 
18G7, serviiii^' in that oflice four years to the 
entire satisfaction of his ci.instituents, and 
since 187(J has held the olKce of village trus- 
tee or councilman, lie is one of the ]U'omi- 
nent and puMic-spirited citizens of Decatur, 
and is always ready to aid in any eiiterjjriso 
which he deems of benefit to his town or 
county. Mrs. Niblick and her children, with 
the exception of AVilliam, are members of 
St. Mary's Catholic Church at Decatur. 

^^DAM SYTIIKKS, retired farmer, re- 
]wj( sidini; on section 17 of IJhie Creek 
^i?^ Township, is a native of AVest ^"irginia, 
the date of his birth being -laniuiry 15, 1822, 
a son of William and Mai-y E. (Kibler) 
Sy pliers, natives of ifaryland, and of Cier- 
nian descent. They reared a family of six 
children, of whom only three are now living 
— Jacob, a resilient of Iowa; George AV., 
living in Delaware County, Indiana, and 
Adam, whose luime heads this sketch. He 
was reared on the home farm until reaching 
the age of sixteen years, \vlien he came to 
("eylon, Adams C'ounty, Indiana, and engaged 
in mercantile pursuits for a time. He was 

i married in .\dams County in 1 S-1-7 to Alillic 
] Moore, who was liorn in Carroll County, 
I Ohio, iXovember 4, 1817, a daughter of 
I Jacob and Abigail Moore. Of the four chil- 
ili-en born to Mr. and Mrs. Syphcrs three are 
living — Lorinda, Josejih ami Mattio. A son 
named Ephraim is deceased. Lminda inar- 
I'ied I5ernard Harris, of Alichigan, and they 
are the parents of four childi-eii- Zulu, Nero, 
(xertie and Edward. Joseph is a resident of 
Hartslnirgh, in Putnam County, Ohio. Mat- 
tie married Sanuu'l Wndtman, of Decatur, 
Indiana, and has two children named Tracy 
and Eranklin A. _Mi'. Syphers had but lim- 
ited educatioiuil advantages in his youth, 
attending the snbscription schools of that 
early day when his services were not required 
on the farm. He began life for himself a 
poor boy, but by persevering industry aiui 
economy he has succeeded in life. He is 
iu)W the owner of 128 acres of choice land, 
located in IjIuo Creek Township, thirty-two 
acres being on section 17, and ninety-six 
acres on section 18. In ])olitics Mr. Syphers 
casts liis suifrage with the Democratic party. 
He has lield township othces, serving as 
supervisor and constable. lie is a member 
of the ^Methodist Episcojjal church, and his 
wife, in her religious faith, is a Presbyterian. 
Their postotfice is 'W'illshire, Ohio. 

■•ILLIAM HAPtPEIl, Ju., proprietor 
i| of the Geneva House, Geneva, Indi- 
Js^ ana, was born in "Warren County, 
Ohio, March 15, 1831, a son of AVilliam 
Harper, a pioneer of AV^ells County, Indiana. 
He was twelve years old when he accompanied 
his parents to Wells County, and there grew 
to maidiood, receiving but a limited educa- 
tion. He married Lydia C. "Watts, who was 
born Sejiteinber 11, 183:5, a daughter of 


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SainUL'l Watts. After his iiiari'iiii;e ^fr. Ilar- 
])(•!■ engai^cil ill t'ariiiin;;' until S<-iiteiiilii.'r ICi, 
18()1, when heeniisteil in ('unqiany A, T'ortv- 
Beveiith Indiana 1 nt'aiiti'y, and in .fanuaiT re- 
enlisted as a veteran and served until October, 
18(i5. lie participated in the hattles of 
Cliainpioii Ilili, Vicksburg and Jackson, be- 
si<les many severe skirtnislies. After the 
war he returned to ^Vells County and i-e- 
suiikmI finiiiiiLC in Xuttinghani Township, 
wliich he cuiitinurd three yeai's. He then 
Went to Camden, Jay County, whei'e lie ran 
a liotel six years, and from there moved to 
tieiiexa and eiiii'acred in the dry gooils busi- 
ness twti years. He then enjjaired in farmiu": 
in llaiidcdph County until January, 1S80, 
when he ai,Miii located in (ieneva and took 
charge of the (reneva House. ^Ir. Harper is 
:i member of Nelson Trusler Post, No. 60, 
(i. A. K., at Winchester, Ilandolph County. 
He is a Jieiniblicaii in polities, castinj^ liis 
first vote for John C Fremont. He is at 
]iresent marshal of the village of (ieneva. 
He ami his wife ai'e members of the (.'hris- 
tian church. They have luul ten children — 
rainier W., Ida V. (deceased), Walter J<\, 
AV'arren L., AVilliam M., ^^fary J., Cora A., 
Amanda, Grace W. and Arthur (twins, the 
latter deceased). 

r^OUy. V. SCHKEK, proprietor of the 
(ieneva saw and planing-miUs, was born 
in Lowdeii, Seneca County, Ohio, July 7, 
1845. His parents, John and Elizabeth (Sel- 
lers) Scheer, were natives of I!a<lon liaden, 
(iermany, born on the Kliine. They immi- 
grated to America, with their ])aronts, the 
mother being an infant and coming in 180'J. 
The father came in 1832. The families set- 
tled in Seneca County, where his parents 
were married in 1837, and afterward removed 

to Williams County, where tiiey folhiwed farm- 
ing. The mother died in l^oC), agc(l abuiit 
fiirt\--seven years, 'i'lie father died abuut 
IS77. They were members cit' the German 
Keformed chui'ch, and reared a family of five 
sons and three daughters. Wlien thirteen 
years of age John P. went to learn the black- 
smith's trade, at which he worked until .June 
15, 180'2,when he enlisted in the Eighth Ohio, 
an independent company of Sharpshooters; 
re-enli.-^ted January 18, 1S(j3, and was after- 
ward merged into Company I, One Hundred 
and Twenty-titth Ohio Infantry, serving 
until jMay 3, l'SI)5, and was <lischarged, the 
war being closed. He was at Mission Ridge, 
Chickamauga, and in the Atlanta campaign 
against Hood. Upon receiving his discharge, 
he returned to his home in Ohio, remaining 
two years. He then" went to lUnse City, 
Idaho, for his health, remaining one j'ear, 
then returned and hired out as an engineer 
in a saw-mill at Fish Lake, Elkhart County, 
this State. Later he went to the Michigan 
pineries, ami worked at his trade in summer, 
and in the saw-mill during the winter. In 
1873 he came to Bluifton, AVells County, 
tliis State, and worked for Jay North S: 
Brother in their lumber yard, and in 187'S 
removed to Geneva, having full charge of 
their saw and planing-mill and lumber yard 
for six years. He worked for John North 
one year, and I)ecember I, 1885, lie hought 
the mill, and has since conducted the business 
himself Mr. Scheer is a member of John 
V. Porter Post, No. 83, G. A. 11, and is also 
a member of the Masonic order, having be- 
come a member of Hlutfton Lodge, No. 14:5, 
A. F. & A. AL, in 1876; is now a member of 
Decatur Lodge, No. 571; also took the Scot- 
tish rites. Valley of Fort AVayne. He was 
married April 10, 1873, to Catherine Myers, 
bom in Harrison Townsliip, A\'^ells County, 
Indiana, October 26, 1.S38. Her father, John 

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llIoailM'JtlUAL SKKTVllES. r>27 

Jlyers, dec'eajud, was an earlv settler of tliat 
county, liavitii,'' locateil tlieix' in iSTo, where 
the mother ^till resides. The father died 
thei'e in ISI'^. 'I'o this uninii have lieen horn 
tliree ehildren - Mary K., hoi-n January 10, 
1^75; ^l'ane\■ I!., horn Xoveniher G, 1S70, 
and (ieoricia, horn January 2-i, 1883. ilr. 
and ^[i-s. Seheer are ineinhers of tlie Metli- 
odist Episcopal cliureli, at (ioneva. Politi- 
cally, Mr. Seheer utiiliates with tlie Kepuhlicaii 
party, and lias held several local otKces. "lie 
is also a stroiiL,' heliever in prohibition. 

SAAC ]S'ELSOX, dealei' in poidtry, is a 
native of 'Wabash Township, born April 
^ 20, 184-5, and is a son of j-^lias Nelson, 
deceased, foriTierly of this county. lie was 
reared in liis native township and received a 
limited education. His mother died when 
lie was eiifht years of aire, and he went to 
live with a cousin, with whom he remained 
four years, then went to live with his brothei' 
Edward, lie wiirked ftir iieiijhboring farmers 
in the township, and at Celiiia, just over the 
line in Ohio, lie was a suhlier in the late 
war, beinga member of Company 11, Seventy- 
first Ohio Infantry. He eidisted November 
10, 18G1; then veteranized and served until 
January G, 18GG. He j)articipated in the 
battles of Shiloli, Foi't Donelson, the Atlanta 
campaign under Sherman, Kasliville under 
Thomas, besides several other battles and 
skirmishes, lie draws a pension for disease 
contracted in the army, lie is a member of 
Jolm P. Porter Post, G. A. P. After re- 
ceiving his discharge he returned home to 
Indiana, and after woi-king at the carpenter's 
trade one year engaged in farming until the 
spring of 1872, when he embarked in the 
grocery trade, and followed that in connection 
with his farminj?. In 18SG he erected a 

buihling for a pack-room, to pack butter, 
eggs and jioultry. lie still owns a fai'm in 
the township. Mr. .Nelson was mari-ied March 
30, 1SG7, t.. Klleii (iilliert, b,,rn Aprils, 1847. 
.Mr. and Mr?. jSeUon are members of the 
United Pi'ethren church. 

.ra.r. .f.S). 

§ERIIAUI) IIESSLEP, farmer, AVashing- 
: ton Township, was born in Hanover, 
■v^i (-iermany, No\'einber 1, ISlG, son of 
Gerhard and Cathe)-ine Ilessler. He was 
reared to manhood in his native country, ami 
in 1841 immigrated to America, landing in 
New York C'ity. He worked two years on 
the Ohio (Janal. In ..March, 1852, he came 
to this county and settled on a farm in Wash- 
ington Township, where he went to work 
amid tlie scenes of pioneer life. lie was 
married in April, 1851, to Elizabeth Smith, 
and to this union were born si.\ children, five 
of whom are living — Jolm, Gerhard, Eliza- 
beth, August and Annie. ^Ir. Ilessler owns 
18G acres of well-cultivated land. Politically 
lie athliates with the Democratic ]iarty, and 
I'eligiously is a member of the Ponian 
Catholic church. 

rf^LIAS NELSOX, deceased, was an early 
Yr.'-, settler of Wabash Township, having 
b^' located there in 1842 and engaged in 
farmino-. lie came to the county in limited 
circumstances. He was a native of Kentucky, 
born in 1795. His father, Charles Nelson, 
was also a native of Kentucky, and lived 
there during his life. His wife, formerly 
X'elly Crouch, was born in the same State. 
They had a family of nine children, three 
daughters and si.\ sons. After the father's 
death Mrs. Nelson emigrated to Eairlield 









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i'^iJ^M. »S^Ivi i.;yic3-ii^!5*3 


C'ountY. Ohio, ^^■lle^e slie inarried Edward 
i\lcCatilt'y, liy wlioiii slie liail two oliildri'ii, 
one son and a danglitur. She died in P'air- 
tiehl County ahout lS2l). Klias was ruared 
on a I'ai-ni, ami ^vas married in 1820 to Eliza- 
betli Coffman, wlio ^vas horn in Pennsyl- 
vania in lS(r2. They hail a family of seven 
children. The mother died in J.ickinr^ 
County in ls30. ]\Ir. Xel^on was married 
ai|;ain, his second wile lieiui,' Surah Coli'man, 
a sister of liis former wite. lie came to 
Adams County in 1812, as before stated, 
when the country was entirely new. ])cer 
and wild turkeys were plenty, and their 
nearest markets were St. Mary's, Celina and 
Jjjuffton. By Ids second marriage I\Ir. Nel- 
son had ten children. This wife dying, he 
married Jane Taylor, and they had one child. 
The father died in 185'J, honored and esteemed 
hy all. lie was a member of the United 
lirethren church. 

^mNDREW 13. DAUGIIERTY, engaged 
VM, in general iariuing on section 14, Mon- 
■—^^ roe Township, is a native of Adams 
County, Indiana, born in Root Townshi]), 
June 28, 1847, a son of Andrew and Jane 
(Montgomery) Daugherty, the father born in 
AVheeling,West Virginia, J idy 29, 1805, and 
the mother a native of Fraidclin County, 
Ohio, liorn June 25, 1810. They were the 
parents of si.^: children, four sons and two 
daughters. They came to jVdams County, 
Indiana, in 18;J(), and entered eighty acres of 
land in Root Township, on which the father 
still resides and where the mother died March 
18, 1882. In politics the father was formerly 
a Democrat until 1850, when he cast his vote 
for John C. Ei-emont for President, working 
with the Republican party until 1876. He 
tlien affiliated with the Greenback party un- 

til 1884, when lie ca^-t his vote for prohibi- 
tion, lie ha^ held the office of county 
commissioner, township trustee and justice of 
the peace, besides filling other local offices. 
In his religious faith he is a Paptist, his wife 
having been a member of the same denomi- 
nation. Andrew P., the subject of this sketch, 
was reared to the avocation of a farmer on 
liis father's homestead, and received his edu- 
cation in the common schools of his neigh- 
boi'hood. lie was inarried January 26, 1870, 
to Jemima E. Evans, who was born in Root 
Townsliip, Adams County, August 7, 1851, a 
daughter of Robert and Elizabeth (Sparks) 
Evans, natives of Ohio and Indiana respect- 
ively. John K. Evans, the grandtather of 
Mrs. Daugherty, was born in ^lontgomery 
County, New York, and lived there I'rom his 
birth, November 16, 1795, until 1810. Wa 
then removed to Columbus, (Jhio, and after 
remaining there about one year went to Day- 
ton, Ohio. In 1820 he settled in ilercer 
County, living there until 1833, when he set- 
tled in Adams County, Indiana. He was the 
first and last associate judge of Adams Coun- 
ty. In 1850 he remo\'ed to Fort Wayne, 
where he died in the spring of 1875. lie 
was an active and enterprising citizen, and a 
man of good business ability, and succeeded 
in accumulating a good competence. Mr. 
Daugherty has always followed fanning. 
He removed to his present farm April 1, 
1879, wliich contains eighty aci'es of line 
land, fifty acres of which are now under 
a high state of cultivation. lie has one 
of the finest residences in his neighborhood, 
which was erected in the summer of 1885, 
at a cost of $000. Five children have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Daugherty — Planche 
E., born February 11, 1872; Robert G., born 
July 4, 1874, died November 2, 1874; Lizzie 
I., born Febriniry 5, 1876; Claude D., born 
December 13, 1878, and an infant yet un- 

,1 -::n') 




iiiiiiH'il, lidni ,1 iiiiiiai-y ~ 1 , I^ST. I'ulitically 
Mr. I );ninlicrty is a liopiiMiiMii. Mrs. 
Duiii^flicrty is a inciiiljer t>t' tlic KvanguliL'al 
Liitlierau eliiuuh. 

mENliY LUTTMAN, fanner, resides 
%WI °" section 2, lioot Townsiiip, where lie 
""^^ owns eighty aeres of land. lie was 
horn in Hanover, Germany, ^larcli 11, 1S3G. 
When he was fifteen years of age he canic to 
America in company with some acquaint- 
ances, landing in New York. They went 
to Henry County, Ohio, living there about 
six mdiiths, then came to J^oot Township, 
this county, where i[r. Lnttmun has since re- 
sided. He Worked among the farmers for 
about five years, then married Engel Ivoester, 
January 20, 185S, wlio was born in Prussia, 
February 13, 1837, and when she was eight- 
een years old came to America with her 
parents, who settled in Hoot Township. 
They first stopped with Jlrs. Luttman's uncle, 
on the farm now owned by ^Ir. Luttman, and 
the fathei- rented a farm for a few years. There 
were only two children in her father's family, 
she being the oldest. "William, her brother, 
died in ISoTi. lie was struck by the limb of 
a tree and died in three days. He was nearly 
seventeen years old. Mrs. Luttman's parents 
were Charles F. and ,N[argaret Mary L. (Shap- 
horster) Ivoester, both of whom were born in 
Prussia, the father, September 14, 1807. The 
father died December 25, 1804, and is buried 
in Church cemetery. The mother was born 
February 12, 1810, where she was reared iind 
married. She is now living with ]\Ir. and 
Mrs. Luttman. ]\[r. Luttman's parents were 
,rt)hn C. and IClizabetli Luttman. The mother 
died ill (iermany when Henry was about two 
years of age. She wab twenty-three years old, 
and llenrY was the oldest child. The father 

again married, and died in (u'nnany in ISOI. 
lie was b,.rii ill I.S12. .Mr. and .Mrs. Lutt- 
man have had ten children, seven of whom 
are living — Harmon II., burn May 11, 1S59; 
Christian IL, boi'u Octolier 8, 18G0; Engel 
]\L, born December 27, 18G1; Engel II. E., 
born October 3, 1803, died October 1, 1864; 
Charles F., born April 11, 1805; William 
II. \., born December 7, 1866, died Novem- 
ber 26, 1884; Frederick W. M., born Septem- 
ber 28, 1808; F. W. Edwards, born ]\Iarcli 11, 
1870; II. F. Andrew, born December 1, 1875. 
Mr. Luttman was elected townsliip trustee in 
1880, serving four years; was elected justice 
of the peace, serving three years, and also 
served as constable one year. Mr. Luttman's 
grandfather Luttman, John II., was born in 
Hanover, (Terinany, where he spent his whole 
life. His grandmother Luttman died in (ier- 
many when Henry was two years old, just 
four weeks after his mother's death. ^Irs. 
Luttman's grandparents were all liorn in (ier- 
many, and all died there. 

SjATHANIEL PAILEY was born in 
ji Ptichland (bounty, Ohio, August 8, 
^1" 1818, a son of Elias and Mary (Polk) 
Bailey. He came to Indiana in the fall of 
1844, and boiiglit a ti'act of wild land in 
Union Townsliij), Adams (bounty, which he 
improved and made his home until his death, 
November 12, 18^i8. He was married No- 
vember 28, 1839, to Catherine Ilarvuot, 
daughter of Isaac and Jane (Greer) Ilarvuot. 
To them were born eleven children — Jane, 
wife of N. Tilbury; j\[ary, wife of William 
Swartz; George W ., who was a member of 
Company I, Eighty-ninth Indiana Infantry, 
and died at ^Nfempliis, Tennessee, during the 
war; Maria 10., wife idMuhii liarkley, dietl in 
1S73; lluldah .\., wife of Simon IJarkley, 


eW»»^Wi^ T*^,rg»«n^"gi?»ii'^t^ »-'«-""J^«l<'ia"'B' J»T»»*'H'' 






died June 30, 1S71; Isaac M., of Allen 
Cuiinty, Indiana; ^Vllnrt J., ofUniun Town- 
shi]i; i'liilip S., ilieil Septenilier 26, ISOO; 
Lewis II., ut' rniiin Tuwnslnp; I^lizabetli. 
died in int'aney, and t'atlici'inc K., wile ol' 
Jolin Slinltz. Mr. Dailey is a incndjer of the 
C'liristian clmrcli. ^Irs. Uailey still lives on 
the old honiestead in Uiuon To\vnship. 

•vi Ger 

was horn in I'ntler County, Ohio, and of 
_-rniaii descent. II is father was a shoe- 
inal;er, of whom he learned the tr;idc, wliieh 
lie followed several years. He then engaged 
in inill-wrightin'' and followed that business 
until ISGl, when he enlisted in the United 
States service as a soldier. He eidisted as a 
private, liut was appointed First Sergeant on 
the organizatitm of his company, which was 
Company C, First Indiana Infantry. He pai-- 
ticiijated in the skirmish at Woodsonville, 
Kentucky, besides some other skirmishes. 
He was taken sick and sent to the field hos- 
jjitnl, thence to Evausville, Indiana, and was 
then brought home by his Ijrother JIasons, 
living only a week and three days after arriv- 
ing liome. lie was buried under Jlasonic rites 
dune 10. 1SC2. Mr. "Wagner was a well-edu- 
cated man, and followed teaching when a young 
man, until about 1856. He was an ordained 
minister of the Jlethodist Episcopal church, 
and had charge of iSewport circuit, Wayne 
County, this State, also the Cameron circuit, 
in Jay County. lie traveled this circuit 
until about 1860, when, owing to poor health, 
he was obliged to give up the charge. lie 
then engaged in operating a saw-mill, remov- 
ing to West Liberty, Jay County. After that 
lie fJllowed shoeniaking until called away as 
a Soldier in defense of his country. Mr. 
Warner Was married to Ann F. Powell, wlio 

was born in liucks County, Pennsylvania, a 
(laughter of Michael Powell. To this union 
ten children were b(.ii'n. 

rp^LISlIA V. ELZEY, retired farmer, 
'\0-. came to this county October 7, 1836, 
"•^e''' with his ])arents, three sisters and three 
brothers. One sister was married and came 
with her hnsband and two children. The 
family settled on section 31, Root Township, 
upon the farm now owned by Scott Hughes. 
The father entered the entire section tVom 
the Government, and divided it among his 
children, keeping 280 acres for himself. He 
entered the land in May, 1836, then returned 
and lirouglit his family. They moved with 
four wagons and nine horses. They also 
brought several cows with them. The family 
came from Clinton •County, Ohio, where 
Elislia was born July 26, 1815, and where he 
was reared. The jtarents were AVilliain ami 
Elizabeth (Nichols) Elzey. The father was 
born in Delaware in 1783, and was reared in 
the State of Maryland. He was married in 
that State, and removed to Cincinnati with 
wife and one child. They afterward removed 
to Clinton County, when the country was 
new. He went to Ohio previous to the war 
of 1812, but being disabled for military duty 
on account of a broken collar bone, he was 
exempt. The mother was born in ^Maryland, 
and was some younger than the father. She 
died in December, 1834, in Clinton Colinty. 
Elislia was married February 28, 1837, to 
Miss Elvira Johns, who was born in Clinton 
County, Ohio, one mile from Cuba, in 1818, 
where siie was reared and educated. ]\Ir. 
Elzey returned to this county immediately 
after marriage. Before leaving he had built 
a log cabin on an eighty-acre lot given hiin 
by his father. He lived on this farm with 





liis family until he inoveil to the city of 
I)e(_'atur in lN>i(). All his cliiklren were 
reai'L-i] and niarrieil on tliis farm. ^Mrs. I'llzey 
(lit'il I>eceml)L'r ~S, Is:!!), leavinfj; one child 
seven muiiths old — Hiram, now living in 
Muscatine Cunnty, Iowa. April 20, 1840, 
Mr. Elzey Mas married to Miss i\Iary Row, 
will) was burn in iluskingum County, (_)hio, 
and came to this county with her mother and 
brother in 1839, settling on the Reynolds 
farm. The second wife died the following 
]\Iay, within si.\ \veeks of her marriage, lie 
was married the third time ilarch 20, 1842, 
to Comfort Ann AVhiteluirst, who was born 
in Fairfield County, Ohio, in 1^20, and came 
to this county with her mother and two 
brothers in 1841. She died in February, 
187'J, leaving six children — Richard S., Jane 
Rachel, Alfred, ]\Iary, AVilliam and Caroline. 
In October, 1882, ]\Ir. Elzey married Mrs. Ra- 
chel Fisher, who was born in Frederick County, 
Virginia, March 18, 181G, was reared and 
married in that State to Lewis Fisher, and 
removed to Clinton County, Ohio, in 1834, 
and lived there until her family came to this 
county in 1840, settling on a farm adjoining 
]\Ir. Elzcy's. They then sold and removed to 
French Township, where ilr. F^islier died 
April 18, 1854. He was born October 26, 
1810, in Virginia, where he was reared and 
niarrieil. lie died leasing nine children- 
Elizabeth, AVilliam, Thomas, Alary, Clinton, 
Catherine, Del])hey, Ann and ]\Ielissa. One 
child, Samantha, died at the age of thirteen 
months, previous to tlie father's death. Of 
these eight children, foui- are living, two sons 
and two daughtei's. AVlien J\Ir. Elzey came 
to this county with his father to enter the 
land, there was no house in Decatur. One 
lio\ise was built the following October, and a 
s\u'veyor by the name of Jacob Ilotier lived 
in it. The first election held in the county 
■\vas at the house of John Reynolds when 

Samuel L. Rugg was clerk. The first letter 
that he and his wife received through the 
Decatur jiostoliice Mr. Rugg brought to 
them two and a half miles. They used to 
fan their buckwheat, and sometimes their 
wheat, with quilts. JMr. Elzey's grandfather, 
John Elzey, died in Maryland, and his grand- 
mother, i\Iary Elzey, died in Clinton County, 
Ohio, at a hale old age. llis nuiternal grand- 
parents died in Mar^dand. Mrs. Elzey's 
parents were William and Elizabeth (Eraning) 
AVilliams, who were born and died in Vir- 
ginia. Her gi-andfather, Hugh Williams, 
was born in ^Vales, and settled in Virginia 
when a young man, where he died. Her 
grandmother, JSIancy (Keateh) Williams, was 
born in England. Her maternal grandfather, 
John IJraning, was born in Ireland, and when 
eleven years of age ran away fi'on; home and 
came to America, settling in Frederick Coun- 
ty, Virginia, where he passed the remainder 
of his days. His parents found where he 
was and sent for him to come home, but he 
was afraid to go, although his father was old 
and there was a million dollars for liim. He 
married Rebecca Keateh, and their eldest 
daughter, Elizabeth, married William Will- 
iams. The grandmother, Rebecca (Keateh) 
Eraning, was born in Shenandoah County, 
Virginia, and died in Berkeley County, aged 
ninety-one yeai's. 

PANIEL RAILING, liveryman, and 
; dealer in and shipper of horses, is a 
',--' native of Rennsylvania, liorn in Cum- 
berland County, October 10, 1830. His 
parents, Jacob and Elizabeth (Aliller) Rail- 
ing, were natives of Pennsylvania, the father 
of Scotch and the mother of (ierman p;irent- 
aire. His fatlier died in ls40. When he 
was ten years of age he was obliged to woi-k 


i ^H^BLftiSUH^ 

» . •■■ -r (.■ 

lor liis own niulntenaiice, and i'oun<l onqiloy- 
nit-nt witli I'aruier.s, workini,' t'ur \v;iiri-'ri until 
niuftfun Yfiii-s dill, when with his nuither he 
ctinie West as far as Oiiin, and lived in that 
State until 1S55. They then came to Adanis 
County, Indiana, where with his brother 
l)avid he purehased eiijlity acres of land 
near Decatur. In connection with farming 
they for fourteen years ran a threshing- 
machine, and in that time threshed grain in 
Indiana, Ohio, Illinois and Iowa. In 1SG4 
.Ml-. Iiailing began to buy and ship li\'e-stock, 
and in 1874, with others, embarked in the 
livery business. lie was married at Fort 
A\'avne, Indiana, in 1S53, to Miss Elamina 
]\ern, formei'ly of Ohio. They have two 
children — Salmona, wife of John I!. Rice, 
and Christina, wife of John Vail. ]\[r. Rail- 
ing is a member of I)ecatur Lodge, No. 571, 
A. F. vV- A. A[. 

•ILLIAi[ KLINE, farmer, section 7, 
''•:])' I \Tji Union Township, owns 120 acres of 
IH/^ land, lie was Iwrn Jlarch 25, 1840, 
in Root Township, this county, where lie was 
reared, and educated in the common schools 
of his father's district. His parents were 
Jacob and Barbara Kline. lie was married 
August 5, 18G0, to iliss Xancy E. Mumma, 
who was born in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, 
June 23, 1840. When she was thirteen 
years of .ige she came witli her parents aTid 
three other children to Adanis County, the 
family settling in Root Township, where the 
father died October Itj, 1878, and is buried 
at Pleasant Valley cemetery. He was born 
in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1810, and when a boy removed with 
his parents to Tuscarawas County, Ohio. 
The mother was born in Maryland March 25, 
ISIO, and when a girl removed with her 

parents to Tuscarawas Count}'. She is still 
living. Roth parents were members of the 
United Rrethren church. ^[l•. and Mrs. 
Kline have live childien — Louisa J., born 
May 23, 1861, now the wife of John Nidel- 
inger; Emma F., born September G, 18G3; 
Franklin E., born September 4, 18GG; F^liner 
A., born April 13, 1872; Bertha A., born 
September 22, 1881. ]N[rs. Kline's grand- 
father, John Muinina, died in Union Town- 
ship, this county; her grandmother, ^Slagdalena 
^[iiiiiina, also died in L'^nioii Township, and 
both are buried at Pleasant Valley cemetery. 
Her ])arents were John and Catherine (Snyder) 
Alumina. Her grandmother. Catherine Sny- 
der, died in Root Townshiji, and is buried in 
Pleasant Valley cemetery. Mr. Kline joined 
the army September 22, 1864, rendezvoused 
at Wabash, then went to Indianapolis, where 
he and his comrades were distributed among 
different regiments. Mr. Kline was assigned 
to Company I, Fifty-first Indiana Infantry, 
and joined his company at Bridgeport, Ala- 
liama. Ilis first skirmish was at Columbia, 
Tennessee; then followed the battles of Frank- 
lin, Duck Iviver, and two days' tight at Nash- 
ville, where the regiment suffered great loss. 
He was under tire thirty-three days. He was 
discharged June 17, 1S65, and returned home 

^ A. B U N N E R was born in the 
■'J-'j I town of Clinton, Monongalia Coniitv, 
i^* West Virginia, and is the fourth sou of 
Randolph and Sarah Ann (Sapp) Bunner, 
who were also natives of Virginia. His 
paternal grandparents were John and Sarah 
(Carl ) Bunner, and his maternal grandparents 
were Benjamin and Sarah (Guthrie) Sapp, 
and were natives of Virginia. The national- 
ity of his ancestors is Irish, and they are also 

.. T .,;!•;.' 

.1.' /, ■. ;■' /. ;V 

;1 ; ; t<. ^V' 

[t^enJiT-^itl'ii^^il^H. *5 ■> 5 1- L'lii-^Cti^ Ki -j^t-? TXiija jfii? si?Ta^ii«^a^S? 



Protestants, many cif tlicin I'ein^^ meiiibers uf 
the Disciple cliiiix'li. Unc of Mr. iJmuier's 
lirotlicrs is a minister in that denomination. 
His great-graniU'atiier, Joseph Sapp, tbnght 
seven yfai's umler General \Vashini,4on. The 
l)rothers ami sisters of onr snhjeet are — 
Alvinza Alexander, Ilenjamin Franklin, John 
Kandoljih, Jetferson Jackson, Sylvia E. Lee, 
Joseph Edwin, George "Washington, Sanford 
rickenfall, Albert G. Davis, Sarah Jane and 
JMargaret Ellen. ]Iis mother had nine 
brothers — Solva, Joseph, Samnel, William, 
Edmund, Jolm, Henry, Jasper and James; the 
sisters were — liebecca, C'harlotta and Phebe. 
The father's brothers and sisters were — James, 
John, Joseph, Enoch, Washington, Sarah 
Jane, JMary and lietsey. His ancestors were 
generally farmers. His father possessed 
uniisnal oratorical powers and had a good 
knowledge of law. Franklin Sapp was a 
soldier in the Union army during the late 
civil war, holding the rank of Lieutenant and 
receiving an honorable discharge for faithful 
and patriotic service. IDs parents began 
domestic life in West Virginia, upon a tract 
of land consisting of 145 acres, which was 
totally unimproved, but by patient toil it w 

a few months to the study of law, abandoning 
the task, however, for more congenial pur- 
suits. June 2'J, 18S5, he removed to ]\Iis- 
soui'i, where he remained about a year. He 
was accompanied by one I'eter J\[iUhone, who 
became homesick soon after his arrival there. 
From ^lissouri he came to St. Clary's Town- 
shij), this county, and engaged in building- 
scales. Hi connection W'ith this he also 
pursues other lines of business. IHs accu- 
nudations of jiroperty have been of liis own 
etibrts. His mother resides in one of his 
houses in West Virginia, and is well pro- 
vided for. The family is scattered through 
the North and through the South. An uncle, 
Alexander Bunner, and a cousin, George A. 
Bunner, are among the most respected pio- 
neers of St. ^Mary's Township. June 3, 188t;, 
a brother of Mr. Bunner met with an unex- 
pected and sad death. While walking along 
the railroad near Grafton, West A'irginia, the 
passenger train ran o\'er him, killing him 
instantly. He was about eighteen years of 
age, of fine personal appearance and noble 
qnalitications. This was a very severe be- 
reavement for the family. The other chil- 
dren, except John liandol])h, are all living. 

developed into one of the finest farms in that ■ James contemplates removing to Virginia in 

region. The father erected commodious 
buildings, and also built a saw-mill and a 
grist-mill, and being a good mechanic, did 
much of the work himself. He died June 9, 
1883, in his native State. James remained 
at home until 1876, and April 14 of that 
year he went to AVetzel County, Virginia, 
remaining there seven years, where he 
engaged in farming. After a few years he 
M-ent into the scale business, and became a 
professional scale builder. From Wetzel 
County he went to Jackson, where he pur- 
chased a lot and erected two dwelling-houses, 
and supplied one of thein with a valuable 
library of miscellaneous works. He devoted 

li^ii.'iiJ «.¥r«L5!M^>i^isri".ff.Ji 

the near future. 

J|>;f'EPiNON L. SNOW, son of James Vk 
TOj/l '^"'^^^'' deceased, resides on the family 
-^ homestead, section 29, AVabash Town- 
ship, where he was reared to manhood and edu- 
cated in the common schools. He was born 
in Jay County, March 26, 1859, and came 
with his parents to Adams County when live 
vears of age. When his father died lie came 
into possession of the old homestead. He 
was married November 6, 1880, to Mary C. 
Vance, daughter of Marshall P. Vance, an old 





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settler (if tlie Towiislii]). She was born in 
ll;irtfonl T..\vn>lii]i. tliis eminty, Oet(il)er 2S, 
iMi'J. They li:i\e hinl tliree ehihlren — -lessie 
A., deceased ; (iraeie and llei'tha. J\Ir. and 
^Mrs. Snow are inenihers of the Aletliudist 
Episcopal church. 

yn ]). AVILLIA-M (;EKKE, farmer, re- 
.). rl siding on section 10, IJoot Township, 
'^'^ ® is a native' of Ilanovei-, Gcrmanj', his 
parents, llci'nian and Agnes (Myer) Gerke, 
lieini^ natives of the same country, the father 
horn Se[itember l(j, 1S02, ami tlie mother 
January 1, 1N05. They were reared and 
marrie<l in Hanover, Germany, and to theni 
were born seven children — Frederick, F. I). 
William (our subject), Louisa, Louis, Sophia, 
Ilermann and Minna, three born in Germany, 
and four in Adams Count}-, Lidiana. In 
1836 the family came to America, landing in 
iS'ew York, going thence to Cincinnati, Ohio, 
where they remained with friends a short 
time. In February, 1837, they left Cincin- 
nati for Decatur, Adams County, Indiana, 
making the journey by team, stopping a day 
or two at Decatur, when they came to their 
present farm, which was then occupied by 
the fatiier's brother, Diedrich (ierke, who 
had come to America two years previous. 
The family made their home with Diedrich 
Gerke until the father had a small log cabin 
erected. This cabin contained but one room, 
and was only used for a sleeping room, the 
family living out of doors, where they also 
did their cooking tlie lirst summer. In the 
fall of the same year the father erected a 
hewed-log house, which was occupied by the 
family until 1854, when their present fine 
frame residence was built, which is now oc- 
cupied by tlie subject of this sketch. The 
father died in this house Octoljer 3, 1864, 

and is buried in Lutheran ccmcti'ry. The 
mother survived until .1 tdy 31, 1881, and 
died at the home tif liersun Fi-edcrick (ierke, 
in Fort AV^iyne, while on a visit to her chil- 
dren, and is buried in the Concordia Lu- 
theran cemetery at Fort AYayne. They were 
Lutherans in their religions faith, their chil- 
dren being reared in tlie same faith. F. J). 
"William Gerke, whose name heads this 
sketch, was but three years of age when 
lirought by his parents to Adams County, 
and here he grew to manhood on the home 
farm, and in his youth learned lessons of 
persevering industr}- which have been of 
great benefit in fitting him for the duties of 
life. Tie was married May 1, 1862, to Miss 
Louisa W. K. Johnson, who was born in 
Allen County, Indiana, October 24, 1840, a 
daughter of Jolm and Johanna (Piesano) 
Johnson, natives of Oldenburg, Germany, 
the father born October 28, 1812, and the 
mother in April, 1814. Ten children have 
been born to ]\[r. and ]\[rs. Gerke, of whom 
seven are living — Sophie M., Caroline ]\L, 
Frederick C, Harmon F., Louisa M., Henry 
J. and Carl L. J. II. Louis died aged four 
weeks, Eliza E. died aged two years and 
seven months, and AVilliani J. died at the 
age of eight weeks. In August, 1882, Mr. 
(ierke and his eldest daughter sailed for 
Germany to visit his old home, landing at 
Bremen, going and returning on the steamer 
]^hine. The weather being fine they had a 
most enjoyable time, returning to their home 
in Adams County after an absence of two 
months. Mr. and Mrs. Gerke relate tnany 
interesting incidents of their early pioneer 
life. AYhen Mr. Gerke's parents were clear- 
ing their farm in Preble Township they 
went out one evening to stir up the fires, and 
hearing the owls hoot they mimicked them. 
The owls hearing them flew over their heads, 
which so scared them that they ran to the 



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lioiise, lint knowini; what tliey were. One 
dny ,^^l•.s. (lurke's father went ti) F'U't Wayne 
to hiiv i;;riiCL'ries ami touinl thu btijre iilled 
with IniliaiKS. Her fathei- heiiig in a liuriy, 
and seeing ;i hiindlc on the counter, pusliud 
it aside, when tlie bundle ]iroved to be a 
pappoose and began to cry. The Indians 
then ])itclied into tlie t'atlier, and would liave 
killed him it' an Indian to whom he had given 
a chew of tobacco had not stepped forward 
and saved his life. Another time the father 
of Mrs. (ierke was working on the ^lanmee 
Canal when a fearful rainstorm came. The 
mother and children were mucii frightened 
and commenced praying for their father to 
come home, and in the midst of the storm 
while they were still crying and praying the 
father came. Soon after the Gerke family 
settled in the county the father went to mill 
with an o\ team to Fort Wayne, a distance of 
twenty-one miles, expecting to be gone from 
homo three days. On the evening of the 
third day the father had not come; the chil- 
dren connnenecd crying, never expecting to 
see him again, but about 11 o'clock in tlie 
evening he arrived, causing much rejoicing 
in the family. One night the father went 
out of doors soon after the children had go:,e 
to bed, and saw a bear near the house, but 
did not tell of this incident until a long time 
afterward, fearing that it would frighten the 
children. Mr. Gerke has made farming the 
principal avocation of his life, and has met 
with excellent success in his tarming oj)cra- 
tions, and is now the owner of a line 
])roperty. Besides his home farm in Root 
T<iwnship, where he has 210 acres he has 117 
acres of land in Mauinee Township, Allen 
County. The grandparents of our subject, 
Henry and Julia (Colknieyer) Gerke, were 
born in Germany, the grandfather living in 
that country until his death. The grand- 
mother came to .Vmcrica and died in Adams 

e.-Sg-;..>i^^.;ii.7>i~.,«r ^Pja ^:MK^.,»rg:» 

Count}', Indiana, where she is buried in the 
Lutheran cemetery. John Johnson, the father 
of J\[rs. Gerke, learned the baker's trade in 
his native country, but did not follow it after 
coming to America. He came to this coun- 
try in 1837, and worked for a time on the 
Mauinee Canal. lie was married at Fort 
Wayne in 183S, to Johanna Fiesano. To 
them were born eight children, as follows^ 
Johanna, Louisa, Sophia, John, Elizabeth, 
Henry (died in 181U), Henry (died in 1875, 
aged twenty-tive years), and Lisette (died 
aL'ed four years). When Mrs. Gerke was live 
years old her parents came to Adams County, 
Indiana, aTid after living in Freble Township 
six years moved to Hoot Township, where 
tliey still reside, the father being now sev- 
enty-four years of age. Both are Lutherans, 
although Mrs. Johnson was reared in the 
Catholic faith. 

/^OSEFII BPtEMEKCAMF was born in 

X Cincinnati, Ohio, October 31, 1845, and 
^ was the eldest of two sons of Harmon 
and Mary (Heidenian) F.remercamp. When 
tliree years of age, in 1848, his parents moved 
to Decatur, Indiaiui, where he was reared, 
obtainincr his education in the public schools. 
AVlien fifteen years of age he went into the 
ollice of the Decatur Eacjle to learn the 
jirinter's trade, at which he worked two years. 
In 18()3 he enlisted in the Union army as a 
bugler in Company C, Eleventh Indiana 
Cavalry, and served until the close of the 
war, being mustered out October, 1865. He 
was in the engagement at Nashville, and was 
at Iluntsville when Wheeler made his raid on 
that city. After his discharge he remained 
■n Decatur two years, and in 18(17 enlisted 
\\\ the United States Army as a private, a 
member of Company K, Twelfth United 


'!-.-'«":• • c::"' - 

' 1 1 . 1. 

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States Iiiikiitry, and serveil three years, heiu^' 
ilit.C'li:irge(l at tlie expii'atioii of his tenu of 
service. I'^rom INTO until 1875 he woi'ked 
in Iiulianapolis ami Anderson, Indiana, and 
< )niaha, Nebraska, at his trade, at the latter 
place beiiii;' foreman in the ottice of the ( )malia 
JJcL' two years, and also interested in the 
Omaha daily Vnioit. In 1875 he returned to 
Decatur and worked in the l-'^rte I'rens ofKce 
until 1878, when lie aii-ain enlisted and was 
assigned to Company 1], Sixth United States 
Infanti'v, and served until the expiration of 
his term of service in 1SS3. While in the 
army he was on duty at Washington, D. C, 
Charleston, South Carolina,Savannah, Georgia, 
Omaha, Nebraska, Angel Island, California, 
Fort Abe Lincoln, iJakota, AVhite Tliver, 
Colorado, Fort Hall, Idaho, and Salt Lake, 
Utah. lie was one of the guards that ac- 
companied the surveyors on the extension of 
the Northern Pacific Railroad from liismarck, 
Dakota, to Miles City, .Montana. After his 
discharge he returned again to Decatur, and 
has since been in the saloon business. lie 
was married October 2, 1883, to ]\[ary Hart, a 
daughter of Jacob S. Hart, of Decatur. They 
have liad two children — IMajor -lack Carland 
and Edna M. Mr. I'remercamp is a comrade 
of Sam Henry Post, No. 63, G. A. R. 

ILLIA]\I 11. MEEKS, proprietor of 

the " ileek" saw-mill and member of 
.""lifc^l the firm of AVatson & Meeks, grocers 
at Geneva, was born November 13, 1834, in 
Champaign County, Ohio. His father was 
born in Monongalia County, West Vir- 
ginia, and his mother in Harrison County, 
same State. They were married in Virginia 
and soon after that event removed to Ohio, 
settling in Champaign County, where the 

father fulloweil farming. In 18-13 they re- 
moved to .VUen Ctmnty, Indiana, settling in 
..Monroe Township, where there were not more 
than a dozen settlers. They lived there un- 
til the death of the father, which occurred in 
November, 1880. The mother still resides 
there. William II. grew to manhood in 
Allen County, and received a common-school 
education. He remained at home on the farm 
until of age, tlien went to Marion County, 
Illinois, where he bought land and engaged 
in farming. July 22, 18G1, he enlisted in 
C'ompany K, P^ortieth Illinois Infantry', and 
went South with his regiment. He partici- 
pated in the battle of Shiloh, siege of Vicks- 
burg, the second battle of Jackson, Missis- 
sippi, siege of Nashville, Kenesaw Mountain, 
besides other battles and skirmishes. He re- 
ceived a gun-shot wound in the knee, from 
the eft'ects of which he was discharged, and 
now draws a pension. He received his final 
discharge July 18, 1865, and returned to his 
home in Illinois, where he lived until 1866, 
then engaged in the oil barrel stave business 
in Monroeville, Allen County, Indiana. He 
lived there until he came to Geneva, in 1873, 
and engaged in his present business. Ho 
was married A])ril 2, 1867, to Laura A. Rob- 
bins, born in Kosciusko County, this State, 
June 14, 1850. Her father was a native of 
j\Iassachnsetts and her mother of Oliio. The 
])arents were married in Cleveland, and went 
from Ohio to Indiana, where the father en- 
tered land, and where they lived until tlieir 
decease. They reared a family of ten chil- 
dren, seven sons and three daughters. Five 
of the sons were soldiers in the late war, and all 
but one were killed. Mr. and Mrs. ]\Ieeks are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
They have had seven children, five of whom 
are living — Lou Anna, Allen L., Laura E., 
deceased, Bessie, Gracie,AVilliam C. and John 
M. Mr. Meeks is a member of John P. Por- 




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ter Tost, No. S3, G. A. P.. lie is strictly a 
teinperanco man, using iieitlier liquor nor 

^..g. ^ Mt^V,-^ 

IM)) member of tlie firm of ]>remerkainp iV: 
'^iM Van ('am|i, ]iro]>rietors of the Fornax 
Roller Flouring ]\rills, Decatur, Indiana, is a 
native of Decatur, Lorn DecemLer 30, 1852. 
lie is the only son of John Henry and Jlag- 
dalena (Ilartman) Rremerkamp, early settlers 
of Decatur. lie attended the public scliools 
until 1865, when he was sent to St. Vinautis 
College, in AVestmoreland County, Pennsyl- 
vania, his parents intending him to graduate 
from that iiittitution. However his father 
died in ISGS, and he was obliged to return 
home to assist his mother in the care of the 
mercantile business left by his father. He 
I'eiuaincd with his mother as clerk and man- 
ager until 1875, and in the meantime also 
engaged in business for liimself, buying and 
shipping Initter, eggs and produce. In 1875 
he engaged in the grain business, and in 
1879, with others, organized the Citizens' 
Baidc, which was iliscontinued in 1880. In 
1883 he again took tlie management of his 
mother's large mercantile interests, which he 
still continues. In 1886 he purchased the 
Fornax ^lills, liaving owned a small interest 
in them since 1880. During the summer he 
remodeled it and made it a roller mill, and 
the same year liecame associated with Anson 
Van Camp, forming the present firm. In 
politics Mr. Rremerkamp is a Democrat. In 
1879 he was elected city treasurer of Decatur, 
an ofl!ice he has since held by re-election. 
January 9, 1879, he was married in St. Mary's 
Catholic Church to Barbara Klueber, daugh- 
ter of Sebastian and I'.arbara Klueber, of 
FortAVaync, Fathers Venholf and Nuesbauin 

otHciating. At the sanie time his sister ^Mag- 
daleiia was married to Ulrieh Dinningcr, of 
Fort "Wayne. Roth ]Mr. and Mrs. J5renier- 
kamp are members of St. Clary's Church. 
They have liad four children; but three are 
living — Anselni Antliony, Otto and Reyman. 
A daughter, xVddie, died aged nine months. 

EMAS M. WOODRUFF, deceased, was 
born in Greene County, Rennsylvania, 
March 11, 1820, a son of JosliuaWood- 
ruflp, a native of Maine, of English descent. 
He was reared in his native county, and was 
there married February 25, 1844, to Maria 
Mitchell, a native of the same county, born 
February 26, 1824. October 23, 1863, he 
move<l to Adams County, Indiana, and bought 
120 acres of land in St. ]\Iary's Township. A 
few weeks later he returned to Rennsylvania 
to settle up his business interests there, and 
when on his way home was killed in a rail- 
road collision at New Brighton, Rennsyl- 
vania, January 1, 1864. Mr. and Mrs. 
Woodruft" had a fainily of seven children; 
five are living — Thomas il., born May 20, 
1845; Reuben M., born February 8, 1847; 
Lucy J., born March 23, 1849; Violetta, 
born ]\Iay 24, 1855, died June 28, 1857; 
ilary Y., born February 25, 1857; Andrew 
J., born July 14, 1859; Samuel M., born 
April 8, 1861, died February 17, 1873. In 
politics Mr. Woodrutt' was a Democrat. Airs. 
Woodruft' is a daughter of Thomas and Sarah 
(Mitchell) j\[itchell, her father born in New 
Jei'sey, and her mother in Greene Count}', 
Rennsylvania. Her father was killed in a 
sugar camp by the falling of a tree, January 
10, 1827, and June 20, 1830, her mother 
married Abner Tharp. Siie had a family of 
ten children, si.x by her first marriage, and 



=«« «J?f .Mrji^* t ii^^^kj'! 






four liy her seccnid. i\Irs. Woudriitl' is a 
iiieiaber of the Christian cliurcli, in which 
she is a faithful ami earnest worker. 

J^UEDERICK F. FRECII, farmer, section 
^nk 10, Union Tuwnsliip, came to this county 
"tk Novemher 20, 1S71, and settled on his 
present farm, having purchased it in Aug'ust, 
1^73, when it was in a wild state. Mr. 
]''ri'ch was horn in Rhine, ]Ja\-aria, (Tcrmaiiy, 
iJecemher 14, 1S3(J, and came to America in 
August, 183S, with his parents and one other 
child. They landed in New York, and ]U'o- 
ceeded at once to Fairticid, Ohit), where they 
settled. The father being a minister of the 
Evangelical Association, they necessarily 
moved often. AVlien he was fourteen years 
old Ills fatlier purchased forty acres of land 
in Hancock County, (Jhio. In the spring of 
1.S63 our sulyect enlisted in Company II, 
One Hundred and Thirty-ninth Ohio Infantry. 
Tlie regiment enlisted for 100 days, hut was 
out four months. He was stationed at the 
I'oint of Rocks, at Turkey Rend, on James 
River. Here he was under lire for the first 
time. Some of his companions were killed 
and some wounded. Tiie regiment was dis- 
charged, and ]\rr. Freeh was afterward drafted 
in the fall of 1SG3, in the call for 800,000 
men. He was placed in Company A, 
Forty-seventh Ohio Infantry, and joined the 
regiment at ]\rarietta, Georgia, near Atlanta. 
The regiment had veteranized, and was 
attached to the Second Rrigade, Second Divi- 
sion, Fifteenth Army Corps. Mr. Freeh was 
in all theengagements of his regiment. He 
went with Sherman io the sea, was in the 
charge of Fort iMcAllister and the battle of 
P.entoiiville, North Carolina, that being the 
last battle of Sherman's army. He then 
marched to "Washington and participated in 

the grand review. He was mustered out 
at Columbus, ( )hio, and returned to his home. 
He then learned the carjienter's trade and 
worked for !sl per day the first sum- 
mer. He worked at liis trade until he came 
to Adams County, since which time he has 
lieen engaged in farming. He was married 
December 3, 18G7, to ^liss Mary A. Graham, 
who was born in Hancock County, Ohio, in 
August, ISS'J, where she was reared and 
married. Her father, George W. Graham, 
was born in Madison County, of Scotch an- 
cestry, and was about four years older than 
his wife. He died in Hancock County. The 
mother, Catherine (Crabel) Graham, was born 
in Stark County, Oliio, in 181S, and is still 
living in Hancock County. Mr. Freeh's 
father, Frederick Freeh, was born in Ger- 
many, November 29, 1809, where lie was 
reared and married. He came to America in 
1889, and died in Hancock County, Novem- 
ber 3, 1885, upon the farm where he lirst 
settled. His mother, Elizabeth (Schaff) 
Freeh, was born in AVagenheim, Germany, 
June 14, 1815, and is still living on the old 
homestead in Hancock County. The father 
Mas a circuit rider for twenty-five years, hav- 
ing been converted in Fairfield, Ohio. ]\Ir. 
and Mrs. Freeh have two children living and 
three deceased — Nellie, born February 16, 
1873, and Frocia Alice, born March 4, 1879. 
The deceased are — Catherine E. died in the 
fall of 1870, at the age of ten weeks; Frede- 
rick G., born February 25, 1875, died July 
9, 1882, by accidental drowning in his father's 
cistern. j\Ir. Freeh's grandfather, Casper 
Freeh, was born and died in Germany. His 
great-grandfather was a noted fresco paintei-, 
and in his day assisted in painting cathe- 
drals. 31 r. Freeh was elected township 
trustee in the spring of 188(5, and lias served 
as justice of the ]ieace for four years, being 
elected in 1880. Roth himself and wife are 




; ,.I ' . . 1... I'j, ■.:. 'i v" ill i_(tJi'-i!v,iii 

i!"M«Mj"«iBb»L'?Ui*?tt?*i.»'is?»i'^i^iBi "its' i 


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nioaitAPiiro. i /. skktcuks. 

ineniliers of tlie EvaiiLielifal Association. 
Politically he is a Ucpublican and a true 
loyal citizen of the United States. 

/^H'OSEPIIUS ^[AllTIX, farmer, section 
ifil ! 24, Hartford Townshiji, is one of the old 
^^ pioneers of Adams County, and was 
horn ill Ilamjishire County, Virginia, Sep- 
tember 30, iH^Vi. His parents were also 
natives of Virginia, his grandfather having 
settled there ahout the time of the lievohi- 
tionary war. They were of German origin. 
The family removed to AVarreii County, Ohio, 
where the parents died. Jose])hus went with 
liis parents to Ohio, and remained at home 
until twenty-eiglit years of age, when he was 
married, March 25, 1830, to (Jatheriiie Sum- 
merfelt, boi'u in Xew Jersey July 7, 1S14-. 
They had six children — Sarah, Rosetta, Ellen 
C, Morton J., Emma I), and l^hehe C. 
Mrs. Martin died January I'j, 1844, and Jan- 
uary 27, 1845, Mr. Martin was married to 
Elizabeth Deffenbaugli, daughter of John 
Deft'enbaugh, of this county. ^Mr. and i\Irs. 
Martin are the parents of ele\'en children. 

liLIAS BARKLEY was born in Ashland 

m County, Ohio, July 20, 1S,31, a son of 
"c^l Jacob and Harriet (I)angherty) Cark- 
ley, natives of Pennsylvania, the former born 
September 1, 1805, and the latter January 
24, 1806. In 1849 the family came to Adams 
County, Indiana, and entered eighty acres of 
Government land, at the same time buying 
eighty acres in Union Township, and here 
the father died, January 24, 1856, and the 
mother September 2, 1S7'J. Jlis paternal 
grandparents, Jacol) and Rosanna Rarkley, 
were also natives of Pennsylvania, and died in 

Wayne County, ()hi(>. Mr. Parkley was 
marriei] ()ctulier 16, iSuH, to Mary Clem, a 
native of (hampaign County, Ohio, born 
April 7, 1836, daughter of Noah and ]\[ag- 
delene (Ridenonr) (Jlem, natives of Shenan- 
doah County, Virginia, the former born Sep- 
tcml)er 27, 1810, and the latter in 1811. The 
mother died September 27, 18'^5, and the 
father is still living. ]\Ir. and ^l\-&. Barkley 
have had seven children — Jeremiah, born 
July 26, 1857; John A., August 2,1859; 
Joseph, January 11, 1861; Elizabeth A., 
January 15, 1868; William Penn, February 
2, 1870; Mm-s T., born March 1, 1872, died 
October 31, 1879, and David J., born August 
14, 1876. 

/^A^IES P.. SNOW, deceased, was a prom- 
^^.; inent farmer of AVabash Township. lie 
«, was born in Pennsylvania, February 9, 
1818, and come to Jay County in 1837, with 
his parents, from Sandusky, Ohio. He re- 
mained at home until he reacheil his major- 
ity, then went to Texas, going on foot and by 
water. While in Texas he followed school- 
teaching. Although he received nothing but a 
common-school education, by hard study heob- 
tained sufficient to enable him to teach school. 
He returned to Indiana, via Pennsylvania, 
and taught school in Westmoreland County. 
He then returned to Jay County, and entered 
the office of his brother, P.arton B. Snow, M. 
D., at New Corydon, with whom he studied 
medicine. He afterward attended Jefferson 
Medical College, at Philadelphia, graduating 
in 1858. He practiced his profession at 
Ridgeville and Deerfield, in Randolph Coun- 
ty, then came to Adams County and practiced 
near Buena Vista one year. In 1865 he pur- 
chased the farm on section 29, Wabash Town- 
ship, on which he lived until his death, which 










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occurred December 11, 1876. lie was twice 
married. His first wife was Eliza J. Lyon, 
wliom he married August 2, 1857, died May 1, 
186-4. Tiiey had three children, one of whom, 
A'^ernon, is now living. He married his 
second wife, Lavinia Zimmerman, December 
8, 1864. By this marriage there was one child. 
Mrs. Snow was a member of the Lutheran 
Reformed church. She died February 11, 

>^OHN DEFFENBAUGH, deceased, was 

fborn in Alleghany County, Maryland, 
in 1787, and was a soldier in the war of 
1812. He was a saddler by trade, at which 
he worked in j\L\r3-land. He was married in 
his native county, to .Miss Ellen Martin, also 
a native of ilaryland. They immigrated to 
Indiana in the spring of 1837, settling in 
Hartford Township, this county. He lived 
upon that farm until his death in 1863. Mrs. 
Detlenbangh died September 19, 1870. They 
had five children — Theodore, now deceased, 
Elizabeth, Mary- F., also deceased, John L. 
and Anrilla. The parents were members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. John L. 
Defl'enbaugh, a son of the preceding, was 
born in Maryland, October 9, 1833. AVhen 
four years of age he came to Adams County 
with his parents, where he grew to manhood 
in Hartford Township, and received a common- 
school education. He remained at h(jme un- 
til his marriage, October 16, 1861, to Eliza 
M. Dorr, a native of Carroll County, Ohio, 
born October 4, 1847. Her parents were 
Payton and Elizabeth (Fish) Dorr, natives of 
Ohio, who immigrated to Root Township, 
this county, in 1858, and one year later re- 
moved to West Liberty, Jay County, where 
the father died. The mother again married, 
her second husband being Uriah Green. 

They removed to 15erne, thence to Geneva, 
where the mother still resides. By her iirst 
marriage there were nine children — Eliza M., 
George ^Y. (deceased), Adeline, Amanda (de- 
ceased), Lizzie L., Mary A., Clara Delphine 
and Ruth Ella. They were members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. After his mar- 
riage Mr. Dett'enbaugh followed farming un- 
til May 8, 1864, when he enlisted in Company 
E, Thirty-ninth Indiana Infantry, serving 
until October 9, 1864, when hi.s term "f en- 
listment expired and he was discliai-god. ili; 
then returned to Adams County, where he 
has followed farming ever since. Their chil- 
dren are — James F., Rosa (deceased), Lotta 
(deceased), and Lizzicll. Air. Deft'enbaugh is 
a member of John 1*. Porter I'ust, Xo. S3, 
G. A. R. 

ceased, was born in Oldenburg, Germany, 
--C in 1801. In his youth lie learned the tail- 
or's trade, and worked as a journeyman in his 
native country until 1845, when he came to 
the United States, and located at Cincinnati, 
Ohio. In 1849 he moved to Decatur, In- 
diana, where he worked at his trade, and at 
the same time conducted a mercantile busi- 
ness until 1851, when he abandoned his trade 
and gave his entire attention to his other 
business until his death, which occurred No- 
vember 11, 1868. He was one of the origin- 
al members of St. Mary's Catholic Church, 
and was for several years one of its trustees. 
He was married April 15, 1851, to Mrs. Mag- 
dalena (Hartinan) Klaphake, daughter of 
Henry and Josephine (Steinway) Ilartman, 
and widow of Gerhard Klaphake, who was 
born in Hanover, Germany, December 17, 
1822, and when thirteen years of age accom- 
panied her parents to the United States, they 


iTnS»ir» m^ui^ ■ 


?!* "1-<" «1" a rjH ° 


,11 '.I,: ullfj '•■«> 

A I 1 3 !• 



locating in New York City. Febrniirv 13, 
18-11, she married Gerhard KLiphake, and in 
1843 accomi)anied him to Decatur, Indiana, 
where he worked at the i~hoemalcer's tradt^ 
until his death in 1S47. To this marriage 
were born four children, two of whom died in 
infancy. Two are living, both being residents 
of Decatur — Joseph, and ^lary, wife of Jacob 
Fullenkamp. To ^U\ and ]\[rs. IJremer- 
kainp were born three children — lleiir3\ ilag- 
dalena, wife of Ulricli Dininger, and Cathe- 
rine, wife of Edward Ehinger. After the death 
of her husband Mrs. l]remei'kamp took charge 
of his mercantile interests, and has since con- 
ducted the business in her own name. She 
is a member of St. ]\rary's Catholic Church. 

fOSEPII W. SMITH, farmer, is a native 
of St. Mary's Township, this county, 
born December 7, 1813, a son of Zacha- 
riah and Susanna (McClellan) Smith, who 
were of German and Irish descent. Ilis 
parents settled in Adams County in a very 
early day, liis father being the first sherifl" of 
the county. Joseph has in his possession 
deeds signed by Andrew Jackson. His 
father was drowned while attempting to 
cross St. Mary's Iliver, and his mother is 
still living. Joseph remained at home with 
his mother until 1862, when he enlisted in 
defense of his counti'y, and was assigned to 
Company I, Eighty-ninth Indiana Infantry. 
His regiment was captured by General Bragg 
at ]\Iunfordville, Kentucky, and after their 
parole participated in the Ked Iliver expedi- 
tion and the Missouri and Tupelo expedition, 
and were then ordered to Nashville, where 
they fought two days, and at one time took 
more prisoners than there were soldiei-s in 
their regiment. 'Sir. Smith participated in 
many severe battles and skirmishes, the more 

important being as follows: Munfordville, 
Kentucky', September 1-4, 1862; Fort De 
Kussey, Louisiana, .March 1-1, 1864; Pleas- 
ant Hill, Louisiana, April i), 18(54; Marks- 
ville Prairie, Louisiana, May 16, 1864; 
Yellow Bayou, Louisiana, Jlay 18, 1864; 
Tupelo, Mississippi, July 14, 1864; Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, ()ctol)er 15 and 16, 1864; 
Fort Blakely, Alabama, April 'J, 1865. He 
was honorably discharged July 19, 1865. la 
February, 1866, he was married to Catherine 
Gulick, and to them were born five children 
— Aniiis, born May 22, 1867; ilarietta, born 
August 28, 1868; Samuel W., July 17, 1870; 
Amos Z., January 4, 1872; William H., Oc- 
tober 23, 1874. Mrs. Smith died in No- 
vember, 1874, and April 17, 1876, Mr. Smith 
married x\deline Britton. The}' have had 
four children — Albert, born May 25, 1867; 
Willie F., July 3, 1869; Ora and Cora (twins), 
August 12, 1871. Cora died October 12, 
1871, and Ora August 2, 1872. 

ffOSEPH WIIEBRY, farmer and stock- 
"j.y raiser, Union Township, was born in 
^?C Carroll County, Ohio, December 17, 
1837. AVIien he was about tifleen years old 
he and his parents came to Indiana, first set- 
tling in Monroe Township, Allen County. 
There were seven children besides himself in 
his father's family. They lived in Allen 
County two years, on rented land, and then 
the father bought a farm. He built his own 
loc house, which was 18 x 20 feet in size, and 
a story and a half in heiglit. He afterward 
added a kitchen, and lived in that house un- 
til his death. The father, Adam Wherry, 
was born in Pennsylvania, January 27, 1814, 
and when a young boy removed to Carroll 
County, Ohio, with his parents, and was there 
reared to manhood. He died April 26, 1881, 









and is buried in C'liirk's chapel, Union Town- 
slii]). His motlier was Eve (Unil)augli) 
AVlierry. His paternal grandparents were 
born in Carroll County, and died in Pennsyl- 
vania. His maternal grandfather, George 
Umbaugli, died in Pennsylvania, and his 
grandmother Uinbangh died in Carroll 
County, Ohio. Mr. Wherry was married 
:November 21, ISGl, to .^riss Elizabeth H. 
Pice, who was liorn in Union Township, 
Adams County, ^lay l(j, 1844, where she 
lived until her marriage. She is a daughter 
of William P. and Prances (llabbett) Pice. 
Jilr. and j\[rs. Wherry have nine children — 
William P., Mary E., Frances E., Joseph A., 
Alice E., Ilnlda E., Warren A., Bessie V. 
and Hannah. iMr. AVherry owns 168 acres 
of land. He built his house in the summer 
of 18S1, at a cost of s2,500. Politically he 
is a Democrat. 

'WI"Aj] *'^'" ^''® United States Express Com- 
1*%^ pany at Dficatur, Indiana, is a native 
of Carroll County, Ohio, born November 24, 
1832, a son of Joiin and Rebecca (Stattler) 
Moses, natives of Somerset County, Pennsyl- 
vania, of German parentage. They were 
married in 1824, and in 1832 moved to Car- 
roll County, Ohio, where the father died in 
1872, aged seventy-two years. The mother 
died near Decatur, Indiana, in 18C8, aged 
sixty-eight years, while on a visit to her chil- 
dren. In politics John Moses was first a 
"Whig, and then a Ilepublican. He was for 
several years a justice of the peace. Both 
were members of the Lutheran church. "\V. 
AV. Moses was reared in his native county, 
and when twenty years of age went to New 
Cumberland, Ohio, where he was employed 
in a mercantile establishment two years. In 

October, 1854, he came to Adams County, 
Indiana, and was employed as clerk for J. D. 
'k J. :\r. Nnttman, of Decatur, until 18G0, 
and in the fall of that year became associated 
with D. Crabbs, under the name of Crabbs & 
Moses, in the general mercantile business at 
Newville, Wells County. In the fall of 1863 
they moved their business to Decatur and 
admitted B. J. Pice to the firm, changing 
the name to Crabbs, Closes A; Rice. In 
1870 he retired from the firm and became a 
member of the II. W. Shockley & Co. Manu- 
facturing Company, which afterward became 
a stock company known as the Shockley 
AVlieel Company, from which he withdrew in 
1874. He then engaged in the hardware 
business at Geneva, Indiana, until 1880, when 
he closed out his business and returned to 
Decatur, and was soon after a])pointed by the 
United States Express Company agent at 
Decatur. In politics Mr. Moses is a Repub- 
lican. He has served one term as council- 
man of I)ecatur. November 4, 1862, he was 
married to ^liss Julia Patterson, daughter of 
James and Eliza (Patterson) Patterson. They 
liave four children — Louis C, a telegraph 
operator; Nettie, a teacher in the Decatur 
schools; Homer P., a clerk in the office with 
his fatlier, and AVarren AV., still a student. 
Mr. and Mrs. Moses are members of the 
Presliyterian clnu\li. 

•::r^T;ILLIA]\r H. II. BRIGGS, carpenter, 
•rXryh residing at Geneva, was born in 

('=5;&rj Muskingum County, Ohio, October 
15, 1836. His father, Andrew Briggs, was 
born in Maryland in 1786, and when seven 
years of age removed with his parents to 
Ohio, who settled in Muskingum County, 
where he was twice married. His first wife 
was Ellen Linn, who was born in Ohio and 


11 1 ; ; .-, 

.1 ,-iil!rJ 

died in that State. Slie was the mother of 
two sons and two daughters. His second 
wife was Sarah Fiidey, a nati\'e of Oiiio, 
wliere she died in 1S45. Slie had four sons 
and four daughters. 'J'lie father died in Feb- 
ruary, 1803, aged seventy-seven years. lie 
was engaged in the inercaTitiie trade at Hock- 
vilie, Ohio, for several years, and afterward 
removed to Hancock County, where he fol- 
lowed farming until his death. His father 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and 
also in the war of 181'2. "William II. was 
reared at home on a farm, and when nineteen 
years old went to learn the carpenter's trade, 
which he has since followed. He enlisteil in 
the army Se]3tember 5, ISGi, and after sixty 
days was dischai'ged for disability. lie is a 
member of John P. Porter Post, Xo. 83, G. 
A. P. Mr. Briggs was married April 20, 
1S59, to Catherine Ilarmel, who was born in 
Columbiana County, Ohio, A])i-il 2, 1838, and 
they were the parents of five sons and one 
daughter. Mrs. Priggs died July 1, 1884. 
His second son is a minister of tiie Methodist 
Episcopal church, and is ni>w in charge of the 
church at Fort Wayne. Ilis children are — 
Andrew G., Albertus T., William, Ellen, 
Charles J. and John E. 

5|^EUPEN LOPD, one of the pioneers of 
Hf^] Adams County, was burn in Cambridge, 
*^'\ FranklinConnty,Vermont, July 15,1807, 
son of Ileuben and Mary (Devoll) Lord, the 
former a native of Boston. He came to Adams 
County in the fall of 183G, and settled in 
lioot Township, entering eighty acres of land 
from the Government. lie subsequently sold 
this place and bought his present homestead. 
He was married ^Nlarch G, 1830, to Sabrina 
Benson, a native of New York State, born 
December 25, 1812. They had a f\imily ot 

eleven children — Harriet, Jlartha, Fidelia 
(deceased), Martin, Fraiddin, Otis C. (de- 
ceased), Phidelia, William Henry, Mary, 
Matilda and Elmirii. :\Irs. Lord died, and 
Mr. Lord Mas married November 20, 1SG9, 
to ]i[rs. Puth (Mickle) Chenoweth, daughter 
of Peuben and Mary (ilartin) Mickle, and 
widow of John P. Chenoweth. They iiave 
one child — Cora C. To the first marriage of 
Mrs. Lord were born fuur children — Thomas 
\V., Peuben, John P. and Pachel A. 

AMES POIHSON, deceased, was born in 
'^l Champaign County, Ohio, January 5, 
-^c 1810. He was reared in his native 
county, and after his marriage came to Adams 
County, Indiana, arriving here February 28, 
1843. He entered eighty acres of Govern- 
ment land, and, with the help of his wife, 
built a shanty, in which they lived si.\ weeks 
until a hewed-log house had been built. They 
kept bravely at work in spite of many hard- 
ships and trials, and to their first purchase 
added until at the death of Mr. Pobison they 
owned 320 acres of valuable land. Mr. Pob- 
ison was married in Delaware County, Indi- 
ana, his wife being a native of Champaign 
County, Ohio, born in 1818, her father mov- 
ing to Indiana a short time before her mar- 
riage. Mr. and Mrs. Pobison had a family 
of six children — Frances, wife of William 
McCampbell; Maria; Perry; Jane, died aged 
twenty-two years; Mary, wife of W. Lewton, 
and (Jliver, who died aged three years. 

fAMES C. PATTERSON, deputy post- 
master at Decatur, is the youngest of the 
-,c six children of James Patterson, who 
came to Adams County in 1839, and Mas 




i a' 

>-|-ii' iir. 

1 . '•■ !.■ 




licirii ;it Decatui-, .Sej)teinber 19, 1S55. lie 
liNX'il at lioiiie until eighteen year of aye, and 
was educated in tlie public scliools of that 
place. lie then learned telegraphy, and was 
employed as agent and operator by the Grand 
IJapids & Indiana Itailroad Company from 
1873 to 1881. For the next three years he 
was bookkeeper and assistant cashier in the 
Adams Connty Bank. He was elected city 
clerk in ^lay, 1885, and appointed deputy 
jiostniaster by Xorval J51ackburn in July, 
1885, both of which positions he now holds. 
He was also elected a director in the Eagle 
]\[ainifacturing (.'ompany in 1886. lie was 
married February 20, 1880, to Miss Lida 
Irwin, at AVinchester, Indiana. Their two 
children are named Fred I. and Dora ilarie. 
Mr. Patterson is a Democrat, and a member 
of the Knights of Pythias. 

'^;EOPtGE W. MEKEFEE, an active and 
'u'It *^"terprising farmer of AVabash Town- 
^W^ ship, residing on section 10, was born 
ill Londonn County, Yirginia, in the year 
1S24. His parents were also natives of 
Loudoun County, and later moved to what is 
now ]\Ionongalia County, AVest Virginia, 
wliere they spent the remainder of their 
lives, the father dying in 18G1, aged seventy- 
four years, and the mother dying in 1876. 
George W., our subject, grew to manhood in 
Virginia, being reared on a farm and edu- 
cated in the district schools, lie was united 
in marriage in Virginia, February 22, 1849, 
to Miss ^largaret Stoops, who was born in 
Greene County, Pennsylvania, November 9, 
1833, a daughter of James Stoops, Sr., who 
was born in the State of Pennsylvania, and 
came to Adams County, Indiana, in 1852. 
To Air. and AIi's. ]\Ienefee have been born 
eleven chililren, of wli<im six stiH survive — 

Mary F., iS'ancy F., Edgar P., Virginia, Car- 
rie Ij. and l)a\id C Mr. Alenefee came to 
Adams County, Indiana, in 1852, settling in 
AVabash Townshij), ^vhere he has since de- 
voted his attention to his farm, and is classed 
among the old and respected pioneers of the 

|7=^ACIIAPIAn SAIITII, deceased, was a 
y//;j native of Fayette County, Ohio, born in 
\5^ 1809, a son of Isaac Smith. His 
parents were natives of A^'irginia, of German 
and Irish parentage, and in an early day set- 
tled in Ohio, where by honest and industrious 
etforts they secured a considerable amount of 
real estate, owning at one time, in (Jhio and 
Indiana, 2,500 acres. Zachariah Smith 
was reared in his native county, and in 1832 
was married to Susanna McClellan, a native 
of Pennsylvania, born in 1812. They lived 
in Ohio about three years after their mar- 
riage, and in 1835 moved to Adams County, 
Indiana, and settled in St. ilary's Township, 
ilr. Smith became one of the prominent citi- 
zens of the county, and was its tirst sheritl', 
serving two terms. lie was a reliable othcer, 
and during his term escorted the tirst con- 
vict sentenced in the county to States' prison. 
He also served tliree times as assessor, and 
was the candidate of his party for Represent- 
ative, but was defeated by a small major- 
ity, lie was at one time commissioner of 
Jay County, and helped lay out the county 
seat. He was a generous and public-spirited 
man, and was a friend to the needy. He was 
drowned in the St. Mary's River, July 7, 
1844, while endeavoring to cross to procure 
a gift for a sick person. He left a family of 
nine children — Nancy, Mary, Martha, Cath- 
erine, Sai'ah, John, Jane, Isaac and JiAse]di AV. 
John died, aged ten years, and the re.-^t are 





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, «-„: i!r^asi.Ttf,vt»i7M mMi 

;b**jl glja.~tj 





living. Tlie wife was tiiiis left with a large 
family to care for, hut she went hravely to 
work and succeeded well, us is attested liy the 
esteem in which they an; held in the countv. 
She is an earnest meniher of the ilethotliftt 
Episcopal church. 

1^ III LIP AVESLEY SMITH, a member of 
|. -1^ the Adams County Lumber Company, at 
*^-^C Decatur, Indiana, was born in Tuscara- 
was County, Ohio, near JMassillon, in 1851. 
His parents, Henry and Catherine (Leppla) 
Smith, were natives of Jjavaria, Germany, 
where they were married, and in 183-i they 
came to the United States and settled in Ohio. 
In 1851 they removed to Whitley County, 
Indiana, and located near the line of Allen 
County, where the father died in Sejitember, 
1885, at the age of nearly eighty-tive years. 
The mother is still living at Churubusco, 
Whitley County. They were the parents of 
eight children, two of whom died in infancy. 
Philip \y . Smith was reared in Whitley 
County, and was given the benefits of the 
common schools. lie remained with his 
paretits until liis majority, and then was vai'i- 
ously employed for two years, when he became 
associate<l with Jacob Coltei', and engaged 
in lumbering at .Vrcola, Indiana, under the 
tirm name of Colter A: Co. They manufact- 
ured lumber in Areola eight years, ami then 
enlarged their field of operations, and now 
have five mills, three in Allen County and 
two in Adams County. Their mill at Decatur 
is conducted under the name of the Adams 
County Lumber Company, ]\rr. Smith having 
charge of the business at that place, as well 
as j\Ionmouth and Williams mills. They 
carry on an extensive business, their sales 
being mostly to the railroad companies. Mr. 
Smith is a practical business man, and thus 

far through life has been a successful one. 
In addition to his large lumber interests he 
is the vice-president of the Decatur IS'ationai 
IJank, in which he has a large interest. He 
is an hduui'uble, upright man, and a worthy 
member of the Christian church, of which 
he is a liberal supporter. He is a memlier 
of the Odd Fellows order, Harmony Lodge, 
]S'o. 1!J, and Harmony Encampment, J\'o. 12, 
at Fort AVayne. Mr. Smith was married 
October 30, 1883, at Decatur, to Miss Katie 
Eeery, a native of Adams County, a daughter 
of Abraham J. and Jietsey (Welty) Pecry, 
pioneers of this county. They have two chil- 
dren — Erman Clyde and Florence Irene. ^Mr. 
Smith is one of the hearty supporters of all 
entei'prises of 1 )ecatur, such as the liuildiurr 
of churches and improvements of all kinds 
that have a tendency for the good of mankind 


AMES PATTERSON was one of the 
pioneers of Adams County. He was 
t born in AV'^estmoreland County, Penn- 
sylvania, April 26, 1810. In 1817 he emi- 
grated with his parents to AVayne County, 
Ohio. AVhen he arriveil at the age of twenty- 
seven he was united in marriage with Miss 
Eliza Peterson, and shortly after lie removed 
to St. JMary's, Ohio. In the spring of 183'J 
he came to reside in the newly laid out town 
of Decatur, where he continued to live until 
his death, which occurred November 13, 
1^75. He became .a member of the Presby- 
terian clinrch of Decatur in the winter of 
18-15, under the ministry of Pev. J. II. 
Kevins. Shortly after he became a member 
he was elected and ordained deacon, wiiich 
ofHce he held until death. He was next to 
the oldest of a family of six brothers and two 
sistei's, and was the first luie of the bi'otliei-s 

inJ £. IXi^ IB^ >:i 

r , U »'Cf ;^ W ^W ^W19m 


ciillcil away. ()f tlie i-finiiiniiii;- l)iTitliL>rs, 
,\lexiui(lcr, AV^illiaiu, Sanmcl, Kolicrt and 
TlioiiuiB, Hilly SaimiL'l is now liviiii;'. James 
Patterson left a wife and six children. 

:t>^,J:ILLL\M G. GLANCY, fanner, re- 
Til/'Vl ''i'l'"o o" section 11, AVuLiash Town- 
("^'ojfe^] shin, was born in Licldng County, 
Ohio, April 10, 1831, a son of Owen Glancy, 
an old settler of Adains County. Our sub- 
ject was fourteen years old when he came 
with his parents to Adains County, and here 
he grew to mauliood, remaining at home till 
attaining the age of twenty-three years, when 
lie engaged in buying stock, lie was married 
May 31, 1S55, to ^liss Tapbiuin P. Tindall, 
who was born in Crawfoi-d County, Ohio, Oc- 
tober 7, 1830. Her parents, AVilliam and 
Lydia (Dony) Tindall, came from Crawford 
County, Pennsylvania, to Ohio in an early 
day. Their home is in Xaw Wert County, 
Ohio, though at the present time they are in 
Adams County, Indiana. They are of Ger- 
man descent. Five children were born to 
them, one sou and four daughters. The 
mother is a member of the United Jirethren 
church. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Glancy liave had four 
children — Jolin A., born Marcli 28, 1850, 
died in September, 1808; Lydia Alice, born 
May 8, 1858, is the wife of Pev. Isaac Tee- 
ters; AVilliam, born June 17, 1803, died Jan- 
uary 29, 1801, and Viola, born April 1, 1870, 
died April 20, 1877. Mr. Glancy has been 
engaged in fanning since his marriage. In 
the spring of 180S he i-emoved to the farm 
which is still occupied by himself and family, 
his farm consisting of thirty-live acres of 
choice laud. In politics Mr. Glancy is a lie- 
publican, and since coining to AVabasli Town- 
ship lias lield several local offices. Owen 
(ilancy, the father of our subject, was boi'ii in 

Allegheny Clouuty, Pemisyh'ania, September 
0, l8()S, a son of James (ilancy, a native of 
Ireland. He caine to America when a young 
man, locating in Pennsylvania, where lie was 
niiirried, liis wife being a native of Germany. 
They subsequently renioved to Knox County, 
Ohio, wliere they lived till their death. Owen 
(ilancy grew to manhood in Knox County, 
and his father being a tanner he was reared 
to the same avocation. He was married in 
1829 to Miss Sarah Green, a native of Knox 
County, and a daughter of AVilliam and 
Sarah Green, wlio were natives of Scotland, 
immigrating to America and settling in 
Knox County, where tliey lived till their 
death. Mr. (Tlancy was subse(jueiitly mar- 
ried to Mrs. Elizabeth Aspey, and was a third 
time married to Mrs. Itebecca Brown. He 
was the father of twelve children. In early 
life he learned the cooper's trade, which he 
followed till lie came to Adams County, In- 
diana, November 1, 1846. He then entered 
eighty acres of land in Monroe Township, 
where he lived until 1803. He tlien sold his 
land in Monroe Township and removed to 
his farm on section 23, AVabasli Township. 
He died at Decatur February 22, 188-i. He 
was a member of the Disciple church, and 
the mother of our subject was a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 

TESLEY I. P>. AVASS, farmer, section 
,11 5, Union Township, came to this 
"l^prl county in Alarch, 1805, and pur- 
chased the farm entered by AVilliam P. Pice. 
He was accompanied by his wife and two 
children. JMr. AVass was born in Carroll 
County, (Jhio, March 18, 1837. He grew to 
manhood in his native county, his education 
bcincf limited to the common schools of his 
fatlier's district. His father, Samuel AVass, 



! ur ■<•'.-' i. r- ■{ :'; ; -J I \ 

,, S ,*., IT 

t'« "« V ^* «L- 




was born in Derbysliire, England, in 1790. 
He was reared and married in England, and in 
1S18 came to America with wife and two 
cliiklren, settling in I'ittshnrg, Pennsylvania. 
They lived there a siiort time, then removed 
to Stark County, Ohio, thence to Carroll Coun- 
ty, where the father entered land from the 
Government. lie was a wheelwright by 
trade, and also rode the ]\Iethodist circuit for 
many years. The parents come to this coun- 
ty with their son Wesley, and the farm was 
purchased by both. They lived here until the 
mother's death, then the father went to live 
with other members of the family, lie died 
in l'S76, lamented by all who knew him. The 
mother, Phebe (^Vard) Wass, was born in 
Devonshire, England, in 17'J2, and died in 
Decatur, this county. J3oth are buried in the 
JMonroeville cemetery. The mother was the 
first school-teacher in Carroll County, ( )hio, 
and organized the first Sunday-school in 
Brown Township. S!ie taught school free of 
charge, from purely philanthropic motives. 
Onr subject was man-ied ]\Iay 2, 18t]l, to 
Miss Elizabeth D. Pottorf, who was born 
in Carroll County, Ohio, in 1812, where she 
was reared and married. Iler parents are 
Jacob S. and Hannah (Cillmore) Pottorf, the 
father Ijorn in Pennsvlvania, and the latter in 
Ohio; they are not living in Carroll County. 
Mrs. Wass died March 0, 1875, aged about 
thirty-four years, and is buried Union Pethel 
cemetery. There were eight children in the 
family — Lnella A., born Eebniary 2G, 18(52, 
wife of R. K. Erwin; Lucy L., born March 
30, 1803, became the wife of Joliii A. Bark- 
Icy; Emory D., born April 12, 186(3; Mary 
O., born November 2-t, 1808; Alice S., born 
May 1, 1871; Charles, born ]\rarch 2, 1875. 
Mr. Wass nnirried for a second wife, Caroline 
AVagner, who was born in Germany, and 
came to America with her parents, who set- 
tled in Ohio. She died July 12, 1881, leav- 

ing two children — Daisy D. and Maude E. 
Politically Mr. Wass is a Republican, and 
has served as township trustee. His paternal 
grandpjirents died in England. The grand- 
father of his wife, Andrew Pottorf, was of 
German descent, and died in Carroll County, 

rp^^ENEZEIi ROEBLTK, an active and 
\ra, enterprising citizen of Pleasant ^[ills, 
if*! was born in St. Mary's Township, 
Adams County, Indiana, a son of Abnerand 
Margaret (Brisbon) Roebuck, natives of Ohio, 
the father born in I'^ayette County, October 
23, 1813, and the mother in 1817. They 
immigrated to St. Mary's Township in 183'.), 
where the father purchased eighty acres, 
which they began to clear and improve. Be- 
fore much progress had been made, however, 
the mother became violently ill with milk 
sickness, in consequence of whicli they re- 
moved to a more healthy locality, settling on 
a farm near Pleasant Mills. They subse- 
quently moved to Ohio, but soon afterward 
returned to Indiana. The father enlisted in 
an Ohio regiment in 18()1, serving his coun- 
try until the close of the war, when lie re- 
ceived an honoraljle discharge. After the 
war he moved to ^Michigan, locating in Kala- 
mazoo County, where he purchased forty acres 
of land. He finally settled in Ivent County, 
where he died November 25, 1885. He was 
an earnest and worthy member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal church until his death. His 
widow still survives, and is living on the 
homestead in Kent County, Michigan. She 
is an active Christian lady, and is a member 
of the Protestant j\[ethodist denomination. 
Ebenezer Roebuck, whose name heads this 
sketch, was a brave and gallant soldier during 
the war of the Rebellion. He enlisted Sep- 



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teinlicr 21, InGI, in Cuiupaiiy A, Twenty-first 
()liio Int'antry, ami was iiiustLTcd into tliu 
service at Camp Lyon, AVortliinn;ton, Ohio, 
when he was immediately ordered to the 
tVont. In the spring of 1862, on arriving at 
Cincinnati, ho was ordered to I'aducah, Ken- 
tucky, and was there detailed as teamster. 
His reyiment participated in the battle of 
Shiloh, where it lost heavily, this being one 
of the first regiments tired on by the Con- 
fedenites. From there the regiment was or- 
dered to Corinth, where it was joined by our 
subject, and took part in a two weeks' skirmish. 
yiv. Roebuck then went with his regiment to 
jNIoscow, Tennessee, where almost all of his 
company were taken prisoners. This cap- 
ture was accomplished by a very cowardly 
device. The rebels had brought into the 
I'Y'deral camp prisoners fur parole, and on 
tlieir return had captured the Federal pick- 
ets, including the Captain of Company A. 
They were, however, soon paroled and joined 
their company. The regiment went to Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, where ^[r. IJuebuck was de- 
tailed as teamster, a duty he performed 
about three montlis, when he again joined his 
regiment anil started for Yicksburg, Missis- 
sippi. Their supplies were cut off at Hol- 
low Springs, which forced them to return to 
La Grange, Tennessee. From Tennessee the 
regiment went, to Yicksburg by water, where 
JMr. Iloebuck took part in that hard-fought 
battle. The regiment then proceeded to 
Jackson, Mississippi, taking part in that 
hotly contested battle. Mr. Itoebuck was 
here detailed to drive a division train while 
his regiment returned to ilemphis. (Jur 
subject subsequently went to (,'hattanooga, 
and all along the march took part in engage- 
ments and skirmishes, lie participated with 
his regiment in the engagements at Kene- 
saw Mountain, Pigeon Itoost and IMissionary 
Kidge. In the advance at Missionary liidgu 

Mr. Kocbuck was badly injured, having been 
run over by a heavily loaded wagon drawn 
Ijy six mules, on account of which he was 
sent back to Ijridgeport, thence to Nashville, 
which place he left and joined the wagon 
train at Bridgeport. He was then appointed 
wagon master, and served faithfully in this 
position almost a year. From liridgeport he 
went to Scottsljorough, where the regiment 
veteranized, then returned home on a thirty 
days' furlough. l)iiring the absence of his 
regiment Mr. lioebiick went to Tennessee and 
was engaged in the battle of I'igeon Uuost, 
where the Union forces sutl'ered defeat. He 
then returned to Bridgeport with the wagon 
train which he had in charge. In the spring 
of 18t34 he participated in the Atlanta cam- 
])aign, lighting along the march, and was 
engaged in the two days' fight at ^Vtlanta, the 
22d and 28th of Jidy. He was also at the 
engagement at Eastport, which was the last 
battle seen by him, and here he had the sat- 
isfaction of seeing the rebels retreat after 
making a desperate and persistent charge, 
the huzzas of the Union soldiers on this oc- 
casion drowning the din of cannon and mus- 
ketry. Shortly after this battle Mr. lioelmck 
was mustered out of the service, receiving an 
honorable discharge September 20, 1N(1-1. 
Upon his discharge paper is the endorsement 
of the time he was mustered for final pay, 
dated September 28, 1864, and signed by W. 
G. I'anell, paymaster, United States Army. 
After the war ilr. lioebuck returned to St. 
Jtary's Township, Adams County, and June 
21, 1865, he was married to Lucinda Cather- 
ine Ellis, a daughter of William and Pho'be 
(McDoi'man) Ellis, who were pioneers of 
Ohio. Mrs. Roebuck was left an orphan 
when oidy five years of age. Her father was 
shot and robbed while pjassing through a 
field, on liis way to make the final |iayment 
on a jjiece of land ho had rturchased, and 

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his body was not tuiiml lor Bcveral days, lie 
was tlie fatlier of tluec chiUlreii — Lncinda 
Catherine, Juda and a son wlio died in in- 
fancy. Juda married Thomas Hudson, of 8t. 
Mary's Township, and died in 1872, leaving 
three children — Andrew, Albert and Cally. 
Eii>-ht children have Ijcen Ijorn to j\rr. and 
J\Irs. lioebnck — Stephen, born j\[arch 25, 
ISGG; Albert A., July 17, 1807; (^rant, May 
9,1809; Oscar, April 28, 1871; Flora B., 
Septemlier G, 1878; J'erry, December G, 
1875; Edda, born August 10, 1878, died 
July 2G, 1881, and Eda, born July 10, 1880. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ilocbuck lived at St. JLarj^'s, 
Ohio, after their marriage nntil 1867, wlien 
they came to St. Mar^-'s Township, Adams 
County, Indiana, and settled in the village of 
Pleasant Mills, where El)enezer engaged in 
blachsinithing, antl is now engaged in the 
Inndjer business and operating a saw-mill at 
the same place. He is a member of Sam 
Henry Tost, No. s;3, O. A. it., at Decatur. 
Mrs. Roebuck is an earnest member of the 
J'aptist church. 

JOSEPH MILLEK, deceased, was one of 
'^v the pioneers of Adams County, and for 
^ nearly forty years a prominent citizen. 
He was born in l''rance. in 1818, a son of 
Christian and Elizabeth ililler, natives of 
Germany. When lie was ten years old his 
parents came to America, and first settled in 
Wayne County, Ohio, M'here they liveil until 
1840, when they came to Indiana, and located 
in Union Township, Adams County, where 
they passed tlie remainder of their lives. 
He was reared in Ohio, and was there mar- 
ried to jVnna ]\rillcr, a native of Germany, 
born iu 1819, and although of the same name, 
not a relative. To them were born eight chil- 
dren, live ol' whom are living. Mr. Miller 

died October 10, 1.S79, and his widow still 
lives on the homestead in Union Township. 
In politics lie was a Democrat. 

y:^pVEY GALL A WAY, deceased, who 
'jW\ was one of the pioneers of Adams 
^,'1 County, was born in Pracken County, 
Kentucky, in 1801, his parents being natives 
of the same State. II is father being a farmer 
lie was reared to the same avocation, which 
he followed through life. He grew to man- 
hood in ills native State, and subsequently 
went to Urbana, Champaign County, Ohio, 
wliere he married Alatilda Hurst, wlio was 
also a native of Kentucky. To this union 
were born eight children, four sons and tViur 
daughters. They came to Indiana in the 
spring of 1840, and settled on section 1, 
AVabash Townshi]), Adams County, where 
tlie father entered IGO acres t)f land, residing 
on this farm till his death, which occurred 
January 18, 1875, aged seventy-tour years and 
three months. The mother died December 
8, 1854, aged forty-five years and eleven 
months. The father was a thorough, practical 
farmer, and by his industry and good man- 
agement he was enabled to add to liis original 
purchase until he owned at one time 300 acres. 
He was an enterprising and public-spirited 
citizen, and always took an active interest in 
the advancement of his township or county. 
When he first came to Adams County he was 
obliged to go to Fort Wayne, Allen County, 
to mill. Samuel Gallaway, the seventh child 
of Covey and JIatilda Gallaway, was born on 
the homestead in Wabash Township, Adams 
County, the date of his birth being August 
18, 1847. He grew to manhood on the 
home farm, remaining with his father till he 
became of age, and in his youth received the 
benefits of a common-school education. In 


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1870 lie went to A[(;Lc:in County, Illinois, 
uliero lie wcn-keil on a farm two years, lie 
then returned to Adams County, and a year 
later, September 25, 1873, lie was married to 
Miss Mary E. !Menefee, M-ho was born in St. 
Mary's Township, Adams County, December 
15, 1852, a dangliter of (ieorge W. ]\Ienefee, 
an early settler of Adams Cdunty. To Mr. 
and ilrs. Callaway have been born two chil- 
dren — lennie C, born April 2, 18sl, died 
July 28, 1882, and Nerval P,., born June 15, 
188-1-. On leaving McLean County, Illinois, 
Mr. (4allaway returned to Adams County, and 
engageil in saw-milling, -wliich lie followed 
for fourteen years, when in 1885 lie removed 
to iiis present farm, and has since been en- 
gaged in farming, in which lie is nicetiug witli 
good success, and is classed among the re- 
spected men of "Wabash Township. 

KTIAEL ENGLE, an active and 
lijl^^tiiV enterjirising farmer of Wabash Town- 
"^i^s?^ ship, residing on section 13, was born 
in Luxemburg, Germany, in the year 1833. 
lie grew to manliood in liis native country, 
being reared to agricultui'al pursuits. In 
1851) he immigrated to the United States, 
locating in Albany County, New York, where 
he worked for farmers, remaining in that 
county until ISGO. In 1859 lie was married 
to Miss Catherine Snorr, a native of Prussia, 
born in 1837. She came to America with 
her ])arents when a child, they settling in 
Albany County, New York, where they made 
their home till death. To ilr. and ]\rrs. 
Engle have been born nine cliiidren — Kate, 
John, Lena, Mary, Elizabeth, ilaggie, Jane, 
William and Frederick. In 1800 Mr. Engle 
came to Indiana, residing in Wayne Conntj' 
until 1875, ^hen he came to Adams County, 
living in Jefteraon Township until March 1, 

1884, M-hen lie bought and removed to his 
present home in Wabash Township. His 
farm consists of eighty acres of land, forty 
acres being under tine cultivation, and he is 
devoting his attention to general farming. 
Mr. Engle came to America in limited cir- 
cumstances, and by his own industry and 
persevering energy, assisted by his excellent 
wife, lie has succeeded in securing their present 
comfortable home, and gaining the respect 
and good will of all wJio know jiim. 

,f RA ALLEN r.LOSSOM, of Decatur, In- 
diana, is a native of Adams County, born 
in Itoot Townsliip, February I'J, 1840, 
the youngest of two sons of lienjamin F. and 
Mary (Ilushaw) Blossom. His motlier died 
wlien he was an infant, and lie was taken to 
the home of an uncle in P^ort Wayne, with 
wliom he lived in various places in Indiana, 
spending the most of his time, iiowever, in 
Adams County, and is now one of the busi- 
ness men of Decatur. 

EY. ISAAC TEETEIIS, of Adams Coun- 
ty, Indiana, is a native of Ohio, born in 
^=^i.\ Darke County January 21, 1855. When 
fourteen years old lie came witli his parents 
to Adams County, and liere he was reared 
and educated. After completing his educa- 
tion he began teaching school, which he fol- 
lowed successfully for several terms. At the 
age of eighteen years he experienced religion 
and united with the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and in 1877 he entered the ministry, 
M'hich calling lie has since followed. lie is 
now a minister of the Disciple cliurcli, having 
united with that denomination in 1S82. lie 
was married January 1, 1880, to Miss Lydia 

A. Glaiicy, a daughter of AVilliam Ci.Cilancy, 
of Adams County, and to tliis union have 
been born two cliildren — ( )livu ( )., born June 
12, 1881, and iMary Viula (iracie, burn Jan- 
uary 15, 1883. 

I^OBERT S. PETERS0:N is tlie oldest 

I ,-*l\ active meml.ier of tbe Adams County 


-^ bar. His parents, John AV. and Han- 
nah (Smith) Peterson, came to tliis county in 
an early day, and were here married in 1840. 
Tliey were the parents of seven children, fi\-e 
of whom are yet living. John W. Peterson 
lives in St. Jlary's Townsliip, three and one- 
half miles east of Decatur. His wife died in 
Benton County, Iowa, in February, 185'J. Ut 
their li\'ing chiUlren liobcrt is the second in 
age. lie was Ijorn February 1, 1845, on 
section 17, St. ]\[ary's Town.ship, and lived 
with his parents until eighteen years of age, 
attending the common district schools and 
also select schools, ^[arch 9, 18G4, he en- 
listed in Company G, Thirteenth Indiana 
Cavalry, with which he served until the regi- 
ment was discharged, November 18, 18G5. 
Ileturning home he taught and attended 
school by turns until the spring of 18G7, 
when he began tlie study of law with Judge 
David Studabaker. His study was inter- 
rupted by teaching school again the following 
wiiiter. In the spring of 1808 he was ad- 


mitted to the Ijar, though lie continued his 
course of reading until tlic December follow- 
ing before beginning the practice of law on 
his own account. He has now practiced con- 
tinuously for nineteen years. Mr. Peterson's 
long residence in the county seat, and his 
]iromincnt connection with all important 
pulilic movements, have made him one of the 
best Icnown men in Adams County. He is 
not a politician, though taking that degree uf 
interest in politics which is the duty of every 
good citizen. Though a Ilepublican, he was 
president of the Board of Trustees of jthe 
strongly Democratic town of Decatur for tiie 
five years preceding the adoption of the city 
form of government, in 1882. To hin\ be- 
longs the credit of organizing and perfecting 
the sewerage system of Decatur. He assisted 
in organizing and pushing tlie luirrow-gauge 
railroad through this county, and also, tliough 
to a less extent, tlie Chicago & Atlantic. He 
is a ilason, was a charter member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and belongs to 
the Presbyterian church. Mr. Peterson was 
married September 25, 18G8, at Concord 
Church, Root Township, to ]\Iiss Fannie C. 
Kumkel, daughter of Samuel Kumkel. To 
tills union have been born the following chil- 
dren — John S., Dora L., Martha A., Mary 
G., Jvittie C, Lizzie Pearl, Calvin D., Ber- 
nice, Thomas E. and one which died in infancy. 
The first two graduated from the Decatur 
Ui'Ax School in 1887. 

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GEO/.oar, ropnoHAPifY and natuiial htstohy. 


GeoloCtY, TopoCtRaphy m Natural Hii^tory 

'■■"^^ liorizuii. It is ult^o about eighty-five 

j:"]']!.!.? COUNTY lies 

iihnut tVirty one ile- 

> irrees north of tlie 

eciuatiir, anil theretVu'e 

^u^^.;, to the inhaliitants of the 

i * S V> county the nurth star ap- 

])ears forty-one degrees north of the 

f^ degrees west of (Treenwicli (London, 
England), and eight degrees west of 
Washington, 1). ('. Dilierence of 
time, therefore, between stantlard 
and local, twenty minutes, the local 
S being that much in advance of the 

standard. The county belongs to the north- 
eastern sectiiin of the State of Indiana, being 
bounded on the north by Allen County, on 
the east by Adams County (the State of Ohio 
being next cast of Adams), on the south by 
Jay and Blackford counties, and on the west 
by (Trant and Huntington counties. It ex- 
tends north and south twenty-four miles, and 
east and west on its south boundary twenty 
miles, and on its north line fourteen miles, 
comjirising nine municipal townships, or 
nine whole and three half Congressional 
townships. Sijuare miles, ;J72. 

Northern Indiana is covei-ed with wliat is 
called in geology the drift, consisting of 
gravel, sand and clay, deposited by water 
when it lay under that element. The "lake 
region"' was one great lake, covering Xorth- 
ern Indiana, Illinois and Ohio, as well as 
Michigan, AVisconsin, I^Iinnesota, etc. The 
dip of the underlying strata in Northern In- 
diana is generally westward, but in Adams 
and Wells counties it is nearly northward, 
and about eight feet to the mile. 

The recent drilling for natural gas at 
IjluH'ton developed the following strata, 
counting from the surface downward: Drift, 
12 feet; water limestone, K! feet; Niagara 
limestone, 4:4: feet; crystal limestone, 23 feet; 
blue limestone, 15 feet; crystal limestone, 
185 feet; Clinton group, 75 feet; shale, 3'J5 
feet; slate, 285 feet; Trenton group, 150 
feet; a total of 1,200 feet. 

Although most of the subsoil in this part 
of the State is gravelly, good brick clay 
abounds in many places, so that brick can 
always be nnule convenient to the place of 
buildiui,'. Good limestone for foundations, 
bridge abutments, etc., also abounds along 
the AVabash, Salanionie and St. Mary's 




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rivtTs, near tlie surface, and even cropping 
unt in places. 

Soutli dl' tiie ^lauinee Valley is a terminal 
nuiraine, which is the snnmiit of the water- 
shed dividing the waters of the Ohio from 
those of Lake Erie, known as the St. John's 
Kidge in Ohio, extending westward into Jay 
('oMiity, Indiana, wdiere it is known as the 
" Lost ]\[onntains." The elevation of this 
ridge is nearly 350 feet above Lake Iilrie. 
The boulder clay is thicker Iiere than in any 
other part of iS'ortheastern Indiana. In Jaj' 
and AVells counties, scattered promiscuously, 
are found many specimens on top of the drift, 
of streakeil and grooved boulders, the rounded 
and polished surfaces, often on the upjier 
side, demonstrating that they had been ground 
and polished at a higher le\el, and then frozen 
in ice, transported, and dropped from the 
melting ice. 

Another expansion of the torrid zone drove 
tlie ice further north, leaving the great lake 
basin filled witli water, which covered Upper 
Canada, ]\Iichigan, Minnesota, Wisc(jnsin, 
and the northern portions (about half) of 
Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. 

AVells and Jay counties have otlier superfi- 
cial ridges, knolls, mounds, etc., the origin of 
which may be easily accounted for by anyone 
familiar with the effects of winds and cur- 
rents. Comparatively, these accumulations 
of sand and gravel are recent. Underlying 
them, and above the coarse gravel resting 
upon the bed-rock, is a thick stratum of fine 
clay, which is the fonndation of the agricult- 
ural resources of this region. 

The surface of Wells and Adams counties 
varies from level to gently undulating, the 
level being inclined to have a swampy ap- 
pearance; but as the land is generally high 
above the rapidly I'unning water-courses, it 

can be thoroughly drained, and ditclies and 
tile drains Jire in rapid process of construc- 
tion. The southeastern portion of this sec- 
tion, us before noted, is much the highest, 
and tliei'et'ore the streams run in a northwest- 
erly direction. 

The largest stream is the AVabash, which 
runs northwesterly through Harrison, Lan- 
caster and Kock Creek townships, A^ells 
County. The second in size is the St. Clary's, 
draining the most of Adams County. Third, 
the Salamonie enters Wells County about a 
mile west of the center of the soutli line, and 
leaves the county a mile west of the middle 
of the north line of Jackson Township. Kock 
Creek rises in the western portion of Not- 
tingham Townshij), flows a little west of 
north through Liberty and llock Creek town- 
ships, emptying into the Wabasli in Hunt- 
ington County. Si.x-Mile Creek drains the 
eastern portion of Nottingham Township, 
and empties into the Wabash abont three 
miles above Blutfton; and Eight-ilile Creek 
rises in the eastern part of Jefl'ei-son Town- 
ship, and Howing a little north of west, leaves 
the county at its northwestern corner. 

There are no lakes in Wells County ex- 
cept two small ones in Jackson Township, and 
they are growing smaller, the larger one com- 
prising now only about forty acres. 

THE FtlltEST. 

When the white man first entered this 
region he found it covered with a dense 
growth of deciduous trees, consisting princi- 
pally of white, burr and black oak, white elm, 
liasswood (lin), ash of two or three varieties, 
beech, sugar maple, hickory, yellow poplar and 
walnut. The last mentioned, being the most 
valuable, has been nearly all cut out. Yellow 
poplar is Ijecoming scarce. Two or three 
specimens of sweet gum were noticed in 
early days. Most of the other trees men- 

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tioncd nliDVC are valuable, and are still 
abundant, owin^ to the lateness of the intro- 
<liiction of raili'oads. Hence the business of 
getting out raili'oad ties, staves and licadiny 
and hard-wood lumber is now in its prime; 
but for some reason not well understood the 
oaks are dying out to a limited extent. 

The blackbei-i-y is the most valuable of the 
wild fruits in this section. About eleven 
miles South of lUull'ton a \'vw years ago there 
were 320 acres of blackberi'v in one ])iece. 

Cultivation has introduced weeds from the 
East to supplant, in a great measure, the na- 
ti\'e herbs. The first introduced were the 
dog fennel or mayweed, jimson-weed, cockle- 
bur and smart- weed; but as no plant can 
hold a spot of ground beyond a limited number 
of seasons, some of these have gi\'en way to 
the ragweed; and this, in turn, will sliortly 
have to yield the situation to the sweet clover, 
a more welcome visitor than all, as it is a 
prolific source of honey, and has no disagree- 
able feature. The ox-eye daisy, a weed too 
omnipresent in the East, is beginning to make 
its appearance here, but as it ttourishes only 
in a gravelly soil, those farmers who have 
only a clay soil need not fear its approach. 
Dandelion, Avhite clover and blue-grass car- 
pet most of the ground, the two latter plants 
being of great utility to man. 

The largest and most conspicuous animals 
found here by the early settlers were the fol- 
lowing: Ijlack bear, in limited numbers, 
and soon killed ofi'. Rarely, in later years, 
an individual or two might be seen straying 

along here from Michigan. The Virginia 
deer, in great aljundance. Tlie last seen in 
this region was abtuit twelve years ago. 
Panthers, a few, and terrible. Wild cats, 
of two species, occasionaly. Eeaver and 
porcupine, rare, in the vei'y earliest day. 
Raccoons, once abuiulant, are now rare. 
Opossnms came in between 18i0 and ISoO, 
became common, but a severe winter a few 
years ago killed oil' what the dogs and hunters 
had left. Foxes, once common, are now sel- 
dom seen. Wolves, at first numerous, were 
all killed oft' many years ago. Ground-hogs, 
or "wood-chucks," were ne\er plentiful, and 
are so scarce now that seldom can one be 
found. No otters have been seen for many 
years, though they were frequent in early 
days. A few muskrats remain. Wild hogs, 
that is, domestic hogs esea])ed and running 
at large until they fully attained the savage 
state, were common in pioneer times. \i\ a 
few generations these animals became as 
furious and dangerous as wolves. 

In primeval times there sometimes oc- 
curred a "raid," when squirrels, jjigeons, etc., 
would migrate across the country in incredi- 
ble numbers. About the year 1855 there 
was a s(piirrel raid here, eastward in its di- 

AV^ild turkeys, once plentiful, are now 

Some accounts of liunting scenes, and the 
experiences of early settlers with tlie wild 
and savage denizens of the forest, we will 
give a little further on, under the sub-liead 
of" Keminiscences," in the chapter on "Early 



,», ».« a;.-. 


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11^ tX li- 11 Ml ■ 

♦i.ii?'.;-. -- 

I lieiir tlie U'e;ul ol' pioneers 

Of nations yet to l)e, — 
The tirst low wasli of waves which soon 

Shall roll a linnian sea. 

The rudiments of empire here 
Are i>laslic yet and warm ; 

The chaos of a mighty world 
Is rounding into form. 

Kach rude and jostling fragment soon 
The fitting place shall tind,— 

The raw malerial of a State, 
Its muscle and its mind. 








.lOSKPIl KNOX was 
the first wliitc man 
to iiiiiko liis liuiiio ill 
AVells County, Ijeiiig also 
ic tirst to settle at any 
point between Fort Jlecov- 
ery and Huntington, and that was 
in the year 1S2'J, on tlic south- 
east (|iiarter of section IS, Lan- 
caster Township, near ]\[nrray 
rostoflicc, or the village of Lan- 
caster. Shortly after his location 
here he was joined liy his two 
sijiis-in-law, A'^antrees andAVariier, 
who "took up" the tracts since known as 
the Roliert and James Harvey farms. I'oth 
came with their families and remained until 

1832, when they were all frightened out of , 
the country by wild rumors concerning the | 
lilack Hawk war. 

Allen and Isaac Norcross ciime in 1831, 
settling near the river below P>luffton, the 
former locating on the eastern bank. They 
also left during the Indian excitement of 1832, 
returning to New Jersey, their native State. 
After the Black Hawk war, AXXew came 
again to his chosen location. He was a rather 
singular character, although intelligent and 
well educated and sociable. Althongli he 
resided here until his death in 1879, except 
a number of years in Te.xas, he passed a 
sort of hermit life, scarcely ever appearing 
in town or in jttiblic except on circus 
days, when he was sure to be present, with 

f Ir ■ .» 

1 ►. . .^ ,5! , 

"t '«.• »!'••.' 

Bsr»5Cfl[?s»i?rE:*i«s« SHiisa^i 




a smiling, happy countenance. At these David Bennett, who died in Alien County; 
shows he Avonld tal<e his seat early, rcr^t his | Charles li. lieniiett, also deceased; Thomas 
hands and chin on the top of his cane, \ AV. Van lli)rn, who died in Dcs ]\roines. 

anti take in everything with the utmost 
eargerness. Indeed, it is said that one ot 
his chief objections to removing further west 
was the fact that he would in a great measure 
be deprived of the privilege of attending cii'- 
cus shows. lie had a wife and five children, 
the latter of whom are all living in Texas, 
mostly in a very paltry style. After the loss 
of his wife ^Ir. Norcross partially ''kept bach," 
and although ail'able with visitors, kept him- 
self singularly dissociated from the outside 
world. His death was the result of injuries 
received in a runaway-, and his remains lie 
buried in the Murray graveyard. 

After his death there wei-e found in his 
possession Government bonds to the amount 
^B« of $;13,000, concealed in a stack of sugar 
^ffSj buckets in the smoke-house. To the difler- 
(jij' ent classes of these bonds he had a uniipie 
i^^t system of indexing. lie was in the habit ol 
keeping his currency sealed in fruit-cans, and 
buried in the ground a hundred yards from 
tlie house. In his hermit leisure he con- 
tracted many peculiar habits. 
•bi, William Norcross removed to Texas in 

m 1S44. 

Jacob Aliller settled in Rock Creek Town- 
ship in LS3-2, and Henry ]\Iiller shortly after- 
war. 1. The}- were not so badly frightened by 
Indian rumors as were their predecessors, and 
'• held their fort" during the lilack Hawk war. 
Henry, who settled on the old Knox clearing, 
lived in this county until his death, in Lan- 
caster Townshiji, June 25, 188^, at the age 
of eighty years. Jacob, who settled some 
distance i)elow, is not now living. 

Between the above date and 1840 there 
came to this county the following: James and 
Ivobert Harvey, who remained residents here 
during their life; Adam Miller, deceased; 

Iowa; Solomon Johnson, who died in Kock 
Creek Township; Solomon Sparks, Sr., now 
deceased; JIasou Powell, who came from 
North Carolina, and is not now living; Isaac 
Covert, who was the first sheritf, and served 
in that capacity three terms altogether, died 
many years ago; "Wm. II. J. Covert, living 
in Bluffton; Adnah Hall, deceased; I'oweu 
Hale, still living; K. C. Bennett, Sr., de- 
ceased; James Scott; AVm. P. Davis; AVm. 
II. Parmalee, who lived on a farm near 
Bluffton, held many oiKces in early days, sold 
the farm mentioned, and removed to Chester 
Township, where he died; Wm. ]\IcDowell 
(pronounced ^IcDole), deceased; ^Vbraham 
McDowell; Abrani AV. Johnson, who arrived 
August 24, 1837, coming by compass from 
Fort AVayne, and now resides a mile west 
ofBluH'ton; Dick Alclntyi'e, who settled in 
Jackson Township in 1S3S, and is still living; 
Chads Chalfant, who also came to the county 
in 1838, and died February 10, 1883, aged 
about eightj'-one years; John Swett, or 
Sweat; Thomas T. Smith, deceased; AA^illiam 
Prillaman, deceased, county commissioner 
for a number of terms, and also member of 
the Legislature; Solomon Kemp, deceased; 
James (reriw Smith; Nun Mclntyre, who 
was born in Frederick County, A^irginia, in 
180'J, canij to this county in 188G, was in the 
])ublic aflairs of the county, and died January 
8, 1881; Benjamin Mendenhall, a tine man, 
and an excellent hunter, died in this county; 
David Snyder; AVilliam Craig, toll-gate keep- 
er, died at Ossian, this county ; Daniel Miller, 
killed by a horse thief; Michael ililler, who 
came in the fall of 1837, was three times 
sheriff, and is still living in Bluffton; Na- 
thaniel Batson, afterward county commis- 
sioner, died in this county; Henry McCullick, 

*' ' ■' -.t : ■ ;. 'f 

0('V :• !.•■ ■..f. ,.^.; 

"« ~ B."" .«?l£l "^O" 

nisroHY OF wb:ij.s vuunty. 


from West Virginia, located in Ciiester 
Townsliip Febniary 11, 1835, is iloccascci; 
Amos Townsend, from Oliio, still living in 
l!liit}"ton; Thomas Wallace, from North Ire- 
land, died in Blutftun; William Stobie, a 
Scotchman; James Guthrie; Almon Case; 
William Barton; Benjamin Starr and others. 

Almon Case, a Yankee of good sense and 
ready wit, arrived about 1836, first taking up 
his abode in a hollow sycamoi-e log, which 
was lying near where George ^McFadden's 
clothing store now stands, and lived in it 
three weeks, having the ague, lie was the 
first hotel keeper in Bluffton, contractor fur 
the present court-house, etc., and frei^ueiU 
allusion is therefore made to him in thecourse 
of this history. He died at Vera Cruz, this 
county, in 1875. 

William Barton, mentioned above, came 
also frotn New England (Vermont), in 1830, 
and, like ]Mr. Case, also took up his residence 
in a hullow sycamore tree, in Rock Creek 
Township, on a farm since occupied by Sam- 
uel McAfee. Mr. Barton, although six feet 
and three inches tall, managed, on retiring to 
his couch for the night in the hollow tree, to 
extend himself horizontally at full length, by 
inserting his feet in the hollow of a root. 
He removed to Allen County in 1839, where 
he died. 

Benjamin Starr located about nine miles 
southwest of Bluffton in 1838, in the edge of 
Chester Township, and is still living there. 

Some time prior to 1850 there settled hei-e: 
John A. Deam, who came in 1840, aided in 
clearing the Deam farm, east of Bluffton, and 
died in 1867, aged seventy-two years; Ga- 
briel and John Markley, both deceased; Elam 
Hooker; Joseph Logan ; John M. Hoover, who 
came in 1842, and is still living in Bluffton; 
Lewis Linn, sheriff at one time, who died in 
Fort AVayne; L. L. Holmes, living at Port- 
land, Indiana; Samuel Ogden, who died in 

this county, besides many otiiers, who, on 
account of their prominence in the public 
affairs in the county, will be noticed toward 
the conclusion of the political chapter, on a 
subsequent page. 


The first white child born in Wells 
County was Elizabeth, daughter of Henry 
I^Iiller, who became the wife of Jacob li. 
Harvey. She was born in 1835, and now 
lives at Murray, with her husband. 

The first white child born in Bluffton was 
AV'^illiam Blufi'ton Miller, son of Michael 
Miller, the event taking place June 4, 1839. 
He is now living in Fort Wayne. 

The first white female child born in Bluff- 
ton was Elizabeth, daughter of Almon Case. 
She became the wife of Charles M. Brown, 
and afterward of Dr. T. Horton. She was 
born the latter part of September, 1839, and 
is now deceased. 

The first wedding in Wells County was 
that of Robert Simison to Miss Rebecca 
Davis, in February, 1837, at the residence of 
James Harvey. It was solemnized by Es- 
quire Hood, of Fort Wayne, who was im- 
ported for the oceasi(m. At that time there 
was no minister or justice of the peace within 
the borders of Wells County, or any other 
party having authority to tie the connubial 
knot. A fine old couple, still living, at 
Buena Vista, Indiana. Mr. Bowen Hale was 
married previous to this, but his marriage 
t<jok ])lace at Fort Wayne. 

Mr. Hale was also the first merchant in 
the county, his store being on the "Ormon 
Bering " farm, near Murray. 

The first mill in the county was built at 
Murray in 1837, by Jesse Gerhard. After 
many alterings and remodelings, it is still 

The first mill at Bluffton was the present 

;! I.) ..; ^^ ; 

;,.. .;!.; :..;.f 


Kenagy Bros, mill, built by Robert B. Tur- 
ner some time in the '-lOs. It was at first a 
saw-mill, and a pair of l)urrs wore afterward 
added for grinding grain. Previous to this, 
in 183G, a rude sort of hand-mill was con- 
structed out of a " nigger-head " boulder, by 
George French, up the river in Adams 
County. It was turned by a crank. 

Michael ^liller brought the first barrel of 
flour into the county, in 1837. 

The first sermon in the county was 
preached by Ilev. Elijah Sutton, an old- 
school Baptist, at the house of David Ben- 
nett, across the river from Blufi'ton, in 1(S3S. 
All the neighbors attended, ilr. Sutton died 
in 1845, at an advanced age, and liis remains 
now slumber in the ilurray graveyard. 

The first sermon within the limits ofBluft- 
ton was delivered by Ilev. George W. Bow- 
ers, of the Methodist church, under a 
spreading oak on the river liank at the foot 
Johnson street. Mr. Bowers is yet li\ing in 
an adjoining county. 

The first school in the county was taught 
by Jesse B. ilcGrew, in 1837, on the farm of 
Adam Miller, up the river from Bluffton. 

The first physician was Dr. William Fel- 
lows, next John Riddile, and third C. T. 
Melsheimer, who is still practicing here. 

The first marrriage license was issued De- 
cember 7, 1837, to John McCullick and Lu- 
cinda Thompson, who five days afterward 
were married by J. P. Brown, Esq. 

The first minister's license on record was 
that of liev. Elijah Sutton, filed in 1838. 

The first election was in 1836, wiien tlie 
county cast ten or twelve votes. 

The first trial before a justice of the ))eace 
was before Benj. Brown, September 2, 1837. 
The case was The State of Indiana vs. Simon 
Miller, charged with assault and battery 
against the person of Elam Hooker. The 
defendant was found gnilty, and fined one 

dollar, for the use of the seminary fund of 
A\'ells County. 

The second lawsuit before a justice oc- 
curred in 1837, when Thomas W. Van Horn 
was called upon to decide which of two traps 
caught the wolf. Particulars given on a 
subsequent page. 

First lawsuit in the circnitcourt occurred in 
1838, when " Andy " Ferguson was tried for 
assault and battery upon the person of John 
JIace. David Bennett prosecuted the case, 
vigorously, and Moses Jenkinson, subse- 
quently of Fort Wayne, defended. To de- 
fend Ferguson the latter footed it all the way 
from Geneva, Indiana; but when Ferguson 
ascertained that he was not licensed to prac- 
tice law he was ungrateful enough to refuse 
paying him. So poor Jenkinson went footing 
it alone through the mud back to his home 

The first meetings of the county commis- 
sioners were held at K. C. Bennett's cabin, 
near the present site of tlie Deam brick man- 

The first circuit court met at the same 
cabin, October 19, 1837, Hon. Charles W. 
Ewing presiding. No business being on 
hand, the court adjourned one day. Ewing 
finally ended liis life by suicide. 

First court-house and jail were built in 

First postoffice was a mile from ilurray, 
and Bowen Hale was the postmaster. The 
first three or four months yielded liim just 
25 cents. 

OLiJ" SE'rrr.ERs' riCNic. 

During the great fourth of July celebra- 
tion of 1872 at Studabakcr's Grove, near 
iilnft'ton, where ten thousand people assem- 
liled to hear the "eagle screech" and to have 
a c-ood time generally, tlie old settlers liad a 
picnic, and as their speeches on that occasion 

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wero rich witli allusions to early times, we 
cannot i-cfVain from yi\intf a cundeiisei! ac- 
connt of tliciii. 

Henry Miller lieinij; iirst called npon, gave 
a rather gloomy acconnt of tiie state of the 
conntry when he settled here, he heiny one 
of the first white men in the county. Bi'ead- 
stutf for a family of ten children was ])ro- 
cured at a distance of 100 miles from his 
home, and liad to be ferried across the Wa- 
bash in canoes. The county was so sparsely 
settled that but six or seven could be col- 
lected to raise a cabin. Jle had gone seven 
miles, and with si.\ other men raised a cabin, 
and reached home before night. Mr. Wilier 
suggested that all the old settlers write their 
experiences in full, and on some apjjointod 
day place their manuscrijits in tlic hands of 
some one in JJlulfton, to be compiled into a 
complete history of the county. 

William Stobie related a little affair that 
occurred at the first preaching in the county. 
A fellow with a load of deer-skins rode up to 
the door during the services, and called out, 
" Is Lewis Linn here ?" Lewis went out, ex- 
amined and assorted the skins, and returned 
to his seat in church. The first marriage, 
which was also a vei'y laughable affair, was 
also described by ilr. Stobie. 

David liennett, although his voice was 
somewhat affected by nervousness, greatly 
interested the audience antl drew their sym- 
pathy. Said he, '■ I well remember the first 
Fourth of July celebration I attended in this 
county. It was thirty-seven years ago. I'"or 
music we had our three babiee; my wife was 
the 'delegation,' and I was the 'chief mar- 

Judge Garton related the particulars of his 
settling in 1842 wiiere lie now [1872] lives. 
It was then an unbroken wilderness, and tliey 
" had to roll up' sleeves and breeches and 
clear u]) the country." Tiiey arranged a moi-- 

tar ill which to pouiul corn, and even then 
Could not get it lit for use until the coarser 
portion was sorted out. iJuckuheat was 
ground in coffee-mills. 

L. L. Holmes being called upon, stated 
that he had just arrived, and felt like the 
young attoi'ney who arose once at a railroad 
celebi'ation, and as he said " Ladies and gen- 
tlemen," the wind carried away beyond I'c- 
covery the nice little speech he had written 
out for the occasion. lie was utterly non- 
plussed. Mr. Holmes, however, did make an 
interesting speech. When he came here the 
only mill in ihis section of the country was 
in Adams County. The customers furnished 
the power with the horses they brought. 
He and a neighbor once shelled each a bushel 
of corn and went to the mill, where there 
were twenty men awaiting their turn, and the 
most of them had to wait a day or two. Dis- 
gusted with that slow machine, he went next 
time to liichmond for a load of provisions. 
Eeturning he struck into a good track near 
Fort Recovery, but it did not continue very 
good, for at night he could look back and see 
the smoke from the cabin he had left in the 
morning. He went back and staid over night. 
Second night, ditto. 

In those early days taxes were light, being 
oidy s2.50 on a ipiarter section of land. If 
there were thorns in pioneer life, there were 
also roses. Mr. Holmes became enthusiastic 
over the genuine happiness and independence 
which lightened the burdens and hardshijjs 
of the early settlei's. 

Thomas Wallace made a longer speech, re- 
plete with reminiscences of early days, and 
contrasting the past with the present. He 
could look around and see those who had 
gone with him to Muncie and other places 
for provisions, on trips occupying two weeks, 
with eight men and eight yoke of oxen, and 
four wagons, four men going in advance to 



, — J 

,..,. ,. .. , ■',.;.• • ,<.-■ ■:■.:. qv ' ■'■^ 







cut out a road. lie also gave an account of 
the organization of tlie first Sumlaj'-scliool in 
the county, in Rock Creek Townsiiip, hy a 
Yankee IVuin New York. 

IJev. AV. jM. Donaldson delivered a fine 
Bpeecl). He came to the county twenty-five 
years previously on horseback, a large por- 
tion of the way from Fort "Wayne to Blutl'ton 
through water so deep that he had to hold 
his feet as liigh as he could. lie was "par- 
ticularly attracted liy the appearance of the 
jieople — liked their countenances so well that 
he concluded to settle hero, and he never had 
had occasion to regret it." He spoke of the 
manifestations of joy, peace and hospitality 
which attended the pioneer life. The frontiers- 
man was always glad to see strangers come 
and enjoy conversations at his fireside. lie 
maintained that the necessities wliich brought 
cook, children and strangers all together were 
more conducive to genuine hospitality tlian 
those which consign the visitor to a parlor 
remote from those whose company ho fain 
would enjoy, surrounded by the formalities 
of latter-day etiquette. 

Wilson M. Bulger added similar testi- 

The principal event of the day — of the 
celebration of July 4, 1872 — was an histor- 
ical address prepared and delivered by lion. 
Newton Burweli, and published in the iUuli- 
ton papers, from which we glean many items 
of interest for this work. 


September 10, 1879, the "Wells County 
Pioneer Association" was organized at Bluff- 
ton, and at the s;iine meeting the members 
made arrangements to visit the State Fair at 
Indianajiolis, as the managers of tiiat exhibi- 
tion had promised free passes on the rail- 
roads to and from the fair, to all persons over 
seventy years of age who had resided in the 

State forty years or more. N. Kellogg was 
electeil president; JMicliael Karns, treasurer, 
and J. Vi. Silver, secretary. The movement 
resulted in seventeen residents of Wells 
County visiting the fair who answered to the 
above description. 

September 20, same year, old settlers 
enjoyed a celebration in Lancaster Township, 
near Oakland; it was a basket picnic. Prom- 
inent s]ieakers were present, and there was a 
general love-feast over old reminiscences. 

The first old settlers' picnic and celebra- 
tion was held July -4, 185'J; the fourth, July 
4, 1872, and the fifth, July 4, 1879. On 
each of these occasions lion. Newton Burweli 
delivered the address. 

The organization above referred to was un- 
fortunately suffered to go down. Had they 
kept up sufficiently long to carry out Mv. 
Henry Miller's suggestion seven years prev- 
iously, namely, to write out their reminis- 
cences of early days, how it would lighten 
the labors of the ]iresent and future histo- 
rians, and render their work more comjJcte 
and satisfactory. What is there that creates 
so much pleasure, at so little expense, as ex- 
change of memories of long by-gone days? 
What do the aged residents more enjoy, or 
are more apt to engage in, than conversation 
about old times? Doubtless many more of 
these experiences and scenes would have 
long since been committed to paper, could 
the living pioneers have had a scribe at their 
side, to write down the thoughts as they 
came up in their memory. It is an almost 
imjiossible task, for even those somewhat 
used to writing, to carry a recollection in the 
memory definitely until they can find an op- 
portunity to write it out satisfactorily. 

vVliout all the reminiscences we have col- 
lected for this volume are classified in their 
proper places; we give a few here for which 
we can not find a more appropriate place. 

fcf»;.a^ia^»i>ijx<^,tj,,T^^.Xi.e .:a ^te .jUH"'^iJ> simar,jW-:j, t.,- i 

■ V «,.'? -. •-..•«? "J' 


THE c'liASi;. 
Pioneer life naturally develops great luiiit- 
ers. Coiispiciioiis among such in tlie early 
epoch ot" Wells County were Isaac Covert, 
" AVils." Bulger and others. IMessrs. Covert 
and Sliller indulgeil in the luxury of killing 
she bears and nibbing them of their cubs. 
On one occasion, in 1836, Messrs. Covert and 
Isaac Lewallen were trapping near Samuel 
Crum's farm in Kock Creek Township, and 
discovered that an otter had burrowed itself in 
the bank of the river. They dug it out, but 
it sprang into the stream. The}' had no gun, 
and Covert, a large and plucky man, fearing 
that he would lose the object for which he 
had labored, jumped in after it. A combat 
ensued, in which Covert came out victorious, 
though witli several wounds, lie killed the 
otter liy choking and tirowning. Lewallen, 
like the lady of story, stood otf and partici- 
pated in the conflict by "hurrahing for our 

ilr. Covert trapped many wolves through 
the country, which he lashed into slavery, 
tied lin bark in tlieir mouths, strapped them 
on his back and 1)rought them to market. 
]5ut the unaided efforts of all the hunters 
were not suiilcient to extirpate tlie howling 
fratei'uity, and the board of commissioners, 
with aTi eye to wool-growing, oti'ered, in Jan- 
nary, 1839, a premium of $1 for every wolf 
scalp brought them. This encouraged the 
slaughtering business and made the trade 
lively. Covert then had plenty of liolp; yet 
the board, in March, 18-10, increased the 
premium to ^2. In a short time, however, 
they rescimled this order, as they ascertainetl 
that an old gentleman southwest of Blutfton 
had domesticated a lot of she-wolves and at 
divers times sold scalpsof their young to them. 
As late as the spring of 1886 a circular 
fox hunt was made in the county, resulting 
in the slaughter of several foxes. 


-^at^'a" Bt~-Bi 

" AVils." Bulger, the " Davy Crockett " of 
Indiana, the " Killbuck of the "Wilderness," 
is noted as being one of the greatest hunt- 
ers of his day, killing as high as sixty-four 
deer in one season! Of course, his anecdotes 
of the chase are numerous and interesting, 
and he has not a reputation for exaggerating. 
In calling a turkey, and in the imitation of 
the tones, etc., of manj' other animals, he 
could deceive the most practiced disciple of 
Nimrod. Many a laugh has he created at 
the expense of rival hunters. lie is now too 
aged and feeble to keep up his old-time cus- 
tom, and is living a quiet life at his home 
near the foot of Main street, Blufi'ton. 

x\&\v, reader, should we drop the sketch of 
Mr. Bulger here, your impression of him 
might be that of the traditional rough, illit- 
erate and somewhat immoral frontiersman; 
but, for a rarity, there is ])robably no more 
intelligent, refined man in Jiluffton than this 
same Wilson M. Bulger, as was demonstrated 
about twelve years ago in a theological debate 
on Universalism between him and a ]\[ethod- 
ist named Samuel Kenagy. We cannot give 
a history of the rise and progress of the con- 
troversy here; but sutKce it to say that our 
hero manifested a sweetness of temper 
throughout that discussion seldom if ever 
witnessed among professional debaters and 
doctrinal divines themselves. That discus- 
sion was carried on through the Blufftou 
newspapers, and the articles have been pub- 
lished in the form of a duodecimo book of 
about 200 pages. He says he has sold 800 
copies in Blutfton and vicinity. 


In pioneer times, between 1840 and 1850, 
there was occasionally seen In the woods east 
of liluffton, one season, a woman who was 
living in a wild state. She obtained her sub- 
sistence maiidy by robbing gardens and 




1^' «?i[i'e^*tt.'roMi?-m=«r*'«Mia."ST5KJ? 

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' iX^KWi5?a??i£';taHia*i!ni*'EMiil''Li?^iiMfl 

a gigfHyig!JergM'*asT'r««;r«f £.«5>!^>«;rgiS»v^^pi»jaaj 


fields, and once in a wliile she would venture 
up to a pioneer's cabin and l)e<^ for some- 
tliiiii^; but before anything definite was as- 
certained concerning her history, Mr. Abrain 
W. Johnson and his wife were but one day, 
and, perceiving a peculiar, rank, cadaverous 
odor, they followed the direction indicated 
and soon found the corpse of the strange 
woman in a hollow log. It is supjiosed that 
she liad escaped from an asylum or other 
place in tlie East, in a freak of insanitj'. 


■ At that age of the country when postage 
on a letter for 500 miles was 12^ cents, and 
the wages for a day's work was not much 
more than that, Eenjamin Starr, who had 

located about nine miles south of Bluffton, 
in the edge of Chester Township, came to 
town one fine inorning and found that there 
was a letter in the postofHce awaiting him, 
with the postage due on the same. It was 
from his old home in the East, and, being 
anxious to get it, and not having any money 
with him, he was in trouble. But 'Squire 
Hale gave him the job of cleaning out a well 
for him, which occupied the rest of the day, 
and he was then enabled to pay the postage. 
At the present day the average wages per day 
is about !?1.50, while postage on a letter weigh- 
ing an ounce or under to any part of the 
United States, even to the Pacific coast, is 
only two cents — equal to only six or eight 
minutes' work. 




.'-,'> (. 

T I( - i 1/ 








of tlie Nortliwest Ter- 
^.''i-^ ritory into five States 
lias nlrcady lieeii de- 
scrihed in tlic first 
pWifiS',<i^^vax^^iS^ portion of tliis vol- 
"^^'P^ f^ nine, we need here go 

~^f'J'^|a no further baclv tlian the organi- 
|f ||^ zation of Wayne County in 1796, 
1K\^ under tlie first form of our Ter- 
&s ritorial guvernnient, wlien tliat 
^ county comprised about tweuty- 
^ six of tiie present counties in 
"^^C Oliio (being the northwest quar- 
ter of tlie State), the whole of the southern 
jieniiisula of Michigan, and the northern part 
of Indiana, including AVells County. Detroit 
■was then the county seat, and is still the 
county seat of AVayne County. Subdivis- 
ion of this territoi-y into smaller counties 
went on as population increased, State boun- 
daries were defined, etc., until we come to 
the date 1835, when Wells and Adams coun- 
ties were set off from Allen County. 

During the session, that year, of the In- 
diana Legislature, Colonel John Vawter, of 
Jennings County, Chairman of the Ilou^e 
Committee on New Counties, introduced a 

bill for an act to "lay out nil the \inorgan- 
ized territory to which the Indian title had 
been extinguished in the State into a suita- 
ble number of counties." This was approved 
February 7, 1835. The counties laid out un- 
der this act were AVells, Jay, DeKalb, Steu- 
ben, Whitley, Kosciusko, Fulton, Marshall, 
Stark, Pulaski, Jasper, Newton and Porter. 
Wells County was named in honor of Cap- 
tain William IT. Wells, who had been killed 
in the massacre at Fort Dearborn, Chicago, 
in 181'2, by the Indians. 

An act was passed, and approved February 
2, 1837, to organize the county May 1 follow- 
ing, appointing David Pennett, sheritf, to 
notify the electors to meet at the house of 
Pobert C. Pennett, to elect three commission- 
ers, and also appointing five commissioners, 
non-residents, to locate the county seat. As 
these five commissioners for some cause 
failed to meet, a special act of the Legislature 
was passed, and approved January 20, 1838, 
appointing Zachariah Smith, of Adams Coun- 
ty, Christopher Ilanna, of Jay County, 
Champion Ilelvey, of Huntington County, 
William Kizer, of Randolph County, and 
John Rogers, of Grant County, commissioners 
to locate the permanent seat of justice for 



'.'jjei»'5^M"-a.>^^«??«^«^M*« «i»' 


I •• 

1 > or I 't 


Wells County. Having loecn duly notified 
by Isaac Covert, by this time elected sheriff, 
of their appointment, four of them came, tlie 
absent member being /achariah Smith. The 
contestants for the county seat of government 
were BlnfFton and Murray, and at first tlie 
four commissioners were eveidy divided 
lietween the two points. Their first vote was 
taken about dusk in tlie evening. Mr. Abra- 
ham Studabaker, whose land lay at Ijluffton, 
conferred with Daniel Jliller, of Adams 
County, who also owned property near Bluff- 
ton, and was present at the county seat contest. 
The result of the deliberation was that 
Miller shotdd immediately post off on horse- 
back to Adams County, and fetch in Smith, 
the absentee, in time loi- the final vote in the 
morning. It was very cold; ten inches of 
snow were on the ground; not a single road 
had been cut; and there were only traces 
through the timber. He followed the AVabasli 
fourteen miles, to the residence of Peter 
Studabaker, where he obtained a fresh horse, 
and on he pushed twenty miles more to the 
St. Mary's Iliver, near the State line, where 
he found his man, at three o'clock in the 
morning. Ileturning with him, they again 
obtained fresh horses at Peter Studabaker's, 
and reached Bluffton before the commission- 
ers met in the morning, after the messenger 
had traveled nearly seventy miles, mostly 
during the night, through a deep, unbroken 
snow and severe cold. The vote thus procured 
cast the die in favor of Bluffton. One his- 
torian says that the victory was won for 
Bluft'ton by the 8270 cash which Messrs. 
Bennett and Studabaker donated. 

The rejiort of the commissioners reads 
thus: "We met at the house of Robert C. 
Bennett, in said county of AVells, on the first 
Monday of l^Iarch, 1838, and have selected 
the west half of the northeast quarter of sec- 
tion -i, township 26, range 12, for the site for 

the seat of justice of AVells County, which 
land was donated by Abrani Studabaker with 
a reserve of two choice lots, lie also donated 
31.90 acres off the east end of the south half 
of the southwest quarter of section 33, town 
27, range 12 east. Robert C. Bennett 
donates the southeast fraction of the north- 
east quarter of section -1, town 26, range 12 
east, with a reserve of two and one-half acres 
in the northeast corner. Studabaker and 
Bennett also donated 8270 in cash. 

'' Signed, March 9, 1838, Christopher 
Ilanna, John Rogers, AVilliam Kizer, Zaclia- 
riah Smith, Locating Commissioners." 

But county government did not wait for 
the locating commissioners to do their duty. 
Long before the county seat was located the 
citizens, in June, 1837, proceeded to elect 
their county board of tliree commissioners, 
namely, Solomon Johnson, James Scott and 
R. C. Bennett, Sr., for tliree, two and one 
years, in the oi'der named. At this election 
si.x or seven non-resident land-holders living 
in Ohio were permitted to vote, especially as 
they intended soon to move into the county, 
among them being Dr. George T. Riddile, 
Adam Hatfield and John Greer. 

The first acts of these commissioners, as 
condensed from their journal, were as follows: 

The Board met Friday, July 21, 1837, at 
the house of R. C. Bennett, in accordance • 
with the above recited act, and produced the 
certificates of the sheriff' tliat they had been 
duly elected and qualified. David Bennett 
produced his commission ap]iointing him 
sheriff (signed by Governor Noble) until the 
next annual election. Bowen Hale also 
produced a similar document appointing him 
clerk of AVells Connty. Both were certified 
to as having taken the oath as required by 
law. This being done, the Board was organ- 
ized, with Solomon Johnson as president. 

1. Ordered that AV. II. Parmalee be 






I jjjijjji * xeaii'ja' 



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Vfc ?Ea: 5!KiJr _«Lr! a«^ a y a .' 


appointed ui^uiit of the tlirec per cent, fund 
donated to tlic county by tlie State for roads 
and bridires. lie accepted and gave bond. 

2. Tliat Adnali llall be a])pointed treas- 
urer of Wells County. He also accepted, and 
gave bond in the sum of 63,000. 

3. That David Whitman be appointed 
assessor and collector of revenues for the 
county. Ilis bond was lixed at SSQO. 

That for county purposes there be levied 
18 cents on each $100 valuation, and 50 
cents on each poll. 

For several years taxes were often settled 
for by a promissory note, endorsed by two 
good men. Adnah Hall, Treasui'er, had a 
little book of blank notes printed and bound 
for the purpose, with his name as payee. For 
the tirst three years after the organization of 
the county it is said that the treasurer kept 
his office in his jacket pocket, but was never 
corrupted or approached with a bribe while 
discharging his trust. The fees of the office 
for a while necessarily exceeded the funds 
in the treasury, owing to the condition of 

As at that time the Government lands 
were exempt from taxation five years after 
entry, there were but three tracts of land in 
the county subject to taxation. The first 
tax duplicate was made out on a single sheet 
of paper. 

The fifth order made by the board next 
day was that Wells County be divided into 
two election districts, by a lino commencing 
on the southern boundary of the county and 
running north between what is now Chester 
and Nottingham townships, and Harrison 
and Liberty townships; thence east two miles 
between* Harrison and Lancaster townships; 
thence north to the county line. The terri- 
tory on the east of this line was designated 
as Harrison Township, and that on the west 
as Rock Creek Township. 

Since then the townships have been set off' 
as follows: Jackson, Scptemlier 1, 1S37; 
Jefferson, March 3, 1840; Nottingham, Jan- 
uary 4, 1841; Chester and Lancaster, Nfarch 
1, 1841; Liberty, June 8, 1841, and Union, 
June 7, 1847, immediately after the land 
there came into market subsequent to the 
extinguishment of the Indian title. Jackson 
has been called the " lost township," because 
the counties around it happened to be so 
formed that it could not be attached to any 
one of them without forming a geographical 

At the above session of the board Bowen 
Hale was granted a license for one year, for 
the sum of $5, to retail merchandise and 
foreign groceries "not the product of the 
State or of the United States." 

September 4, 1837, the board met, and 
" on motion took their seats." Bowen Hale 
was allowed So6 for books for the use of the 
office, and other stationery, namely, ink- 
stands, ink powder, etc. 

John Casebeer was appointed the first sur- 
veyor, and the first road established in the 
county was that part of the State road lead- 
ing from Greenville, Ohio, to Marion, Indi- 
ana. The expense of location through Wells 
County was 5^50.621. The next located in 
the county was the Fort Becovery and Hun- 
tington road, at the November session, 1837. 
For the opening of this road the board 
appropriated !?1,000 of the three per cent, 

David Bennett was paid $32.50 in full for 
Ills services as sheriff; Solomon Johnson, $8 
for his services as commissioner; David Whit- 
man, $6.56 for his services as "assessor of the 
revenue" of Wells County for 1837. John 
Casebeer was appointed assessor for 1838, 
and Thomas T. Smith school commissioner 
— the first in the county. 

In August, 1837, an election was held, 

. TK-."i5r«rar_j-B^ 

yirjB;_^^.^Sn.>Jj Ot^Pi„T«l^m ^TBj^ t»„~Bt^ tJj»ir„ 





wlien Isaac Covert was chosen slicriff, and 
James II. Greer associate judge. 

]\Iarcli 9, 1838, Mr. Greer was appointed 
county agent, and gave bond in tlie sum of 
$5,000. " 

John Casebeer was allowed $38, May 7 
following, for surveying and platting the site 
of Blnti'ton. The recorded plat liears the 
date ]\rarch 23, 1838. 

In January, 1839, the commissioners 
offered a premium of $1 for each wolf killed, 
the evidence of killing being the presenta- 
tion of a fresh scalp. Adam Ilattield pre- 
sented the first one the following ^Tay. 

At the close of this year Adnali Ilall, 
Treasurer, made his report, covering the 
period from November G, 1838, to Novemlicr 
6, 1839, which showed that there had been 
received into the treasury from all sources 
the sum of $1, -419. 40. His commission was 
$19.43; notes, $301. Total assets of the 

county, $1,701.41. This was principally de- 
rived from tines and sales of lots. 

At the November session, 1839, Eowen 
Hale, Clerk, reported that lie had procured 
for the county a metallic seal, and the follow- 
ing description of the design was ordered to 
be placed on the minutes: "A sheaf of wheat 
is the main design; a plane, a rake, a pitch- 
fork; surrounded by the following words, 
to wit: 'Commissioners of Wells County.'" 
Prior to this date a scrawl seal had been used 
in official business. 

The iirst acts of the commissioners con- 
cerning the sale of lots, etc., in IJlufl'ton, will 
be found under the head of IJlulfton, and 
those concerning the first court-house and 
jail, under those heads respectively, in the 
latter poi'tion of this work. 

The present status of the county is given 
under the head of >' Census," on a subse- 
quent page. 

5b i 



i»«k™iit!*j« *■!'?*/ ^ji- ■'«» 





;'> ■, ■•Ji-iioi- .,■: ISO". ''>'.'. t--,'..i<! 

0, ^■ 


^» B, P jMaajgg a»ai!Ka*i 




1 NEllAL observations 
' concerning the great 
]) r e s i d e n t i a 1 c a m- 
paigns, as affecting the 
I political sentiment of 
this portion of Indiana, 
are given in the politi- 
cal chapter of the history of 
Adams County, in this work. 
ySff^^ We here append a few iniscclla- 
td^Hi" "^'^"^ '^'^'"^ of interest, prefatory 
^J^ to the election returns of this 
-sl^- county on the following pages. 
f^V- Tlie votes on the school law, 
and the various amendments to the State 
Constitution, referred to in these returns, 
generally e.xcited but little popular interest. 
The vote in 1851, on the Constitution, was 
on its adoption, and at the same time a very 
decisive vote was given for the "exclusion of 
negroes from the State and their colonization" 
—588 to 97. Even on this point the excite- 
ment was not great, as public sentiment was 
80 uyiforin. 

From the old files of the F-luffton papers, 
we notice that apparently modern ipicstiona 

were before tiie public as early as 1848-'50, 
one column in the Bejniblicaii Biujle, for 
instance, being headed " Capital vs. Labor;" 
another article headed, " Is'ews from South 
Carolina favoring Secession ; " anc tlier, "Land 
Monopoly," etc. The Bluffton Lyceum, in 
the winter of 1848-'-49, debated whether the 
dissolution of the States under any circum- 
stances would be proper, etc. Hon. T. AV. 
J5orden, representing this district in Congress, 
delivered a speech there on the " necessity of 
limiting the amount of land which one should 

The following little incident was character- 
istic of pioneer times: During the presiden- 
tial campaign of 185G, when the Republican 
party was running their first candidate, John 
C. Fremont, for President, against James Bu- 
chanan, AVilliam A. Carver, Democratic can- 
didate for Congressman from this district, 
came into Bluffton afoot, dusty, shabby and 
weary, on his electioneering tour. John P. 
Greer, a resident lawyer, concluded to meet 
him in a public debate and "flax him out," 
which appeared to be as easy as " rolling off a 
log." Carver accepted the challenge, and 



the event provcil tliat lie was an inviiieible 
" singe-cat," far too stroni:; lur Cireer. The 
occasion was an exciting one. livery citizen, 
being interested in tlie attack on the iinjire 
sentable, diist-begrinied denizen of the Indi- 
ana forests, turned out to see what they 
thouglit wouhl lie a very une<jual contest; and 
"unequal," iiuJeed, it turned out to be, but, 
to the astonishment of all, the heaviest weio-ht 
was on the other side. 

In the repui't for lS7i we have James P. 
Hale indicated as " Temperance-Deinocrat- 
Ilepublican." This curious feature may be 
accounted for bj' the temperance "crusade," 
headed by Newton Burwell and others. In 
the sketch of Mr. Burwell, elsewhere, will be 
fdund a brief account of his movement. [See 
also "Temperance," under heatl "Miscel- 
laneous".] The tempei'ance people, who con- 
cluded it was time to be dviiuj something, 
and something that was eft'ectual, undertook 
that year to reform each party " within it- 
self" ; and as the Democrats were in so great 
inajoritv • that a nomination by them was 
ecpiivalent to an election, the " crusaders " 
undertook to reform their ticket for that year. 
]\Ir. Hale, who was hrst iilaced on tlie ticket 
for county surveyor, joined the temperance 
movement, and thus lost his place on that 
ticket, the Democrats nominating Mr. 
Khodes in his place; then the Repuljlican 
and temperance people fused, uniting on Mr. 
Hale, with the result as there given. 

Very few independent candidates liave run 
for office in AV'^ells County, as party nomina- 
tions came into vogue throughout the North- 
ern States previous to the settlement and 
organization of this county, and have been 
the system ever since. The county being 
largely Democratic, and the members of that 
party being famous for pulling well together, 
very few of them have felt at liberty to set 
themselves uji as independent candidates, and. 

of course, no member of any other party 
\\-ould have any object in becoming an inde- 
pendent candidate. In those disti-icts where 
the liepublirans luive a heavy majority, there 
are generally many independent candidates. 


1837. — Solomon Johnson, James Scott, 
Iiobert ( '. J}ennett. 

1838-'39-'-i0. — Solomon Johnson, James 
Scott, John Iliggins. 

IS-ll. — AVilliam Priliaman, James AVright, 
Amos Townsend. 

1S4:2. — AV'illiam Priliaman, James Wright, 
Thomas T. Smith. 

1843-"44. — James "Wright, Samuel Decker, 
Levi Young. 

1845. — James AVright, Levi Young, Will- 
iam Studabaker. 

18-4r)-'47. — Levi Young, William Studa- 
baker, Nathaniel Eatson. 

1848. — William Studabaker, Nathaniel 
Batson, Ilciiry ^liller. 

1849.— William Studabaker, Henry ]\riller, 
James Bell. 

1850. — Henry Miller, James Bell, John 
A. Deam. 

1S51. — James Bell, John A. Deam, James 

1852. — John A. Deam, James Fulton, 
James Dailey. 

1853. — James Fulton, William Kirkwood, 
James Dailey. 

1854. — AVilliam Kirkwood, William Stud- 
abaker, John Ogden. 

1855. — AVilliam Studabaker, John Ogden, 
James Bell. 

185G-'57.-rJohn Ogden, James Bell, Ga- 
briel II. King. 

1858-'5'J. — John Ogden, Samuel B. Arnold, 
William Linn. 


*^ ■ 

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P : ' .!; ■ , I-,i i * 

fi,. ,: J, « 

i.ii J ';;■/ J.; , I V! ,;.IVirr - 1 ,if; 
<l ;i '. 1. '•>. I. :ii ;•: VO^iiri) 

.■• .v.. '!■.:- ; ..'j; 

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18G0. — Samuel B. Arnold, "Willium Limi, 
Leonard S. AValker. 

ISGI.— William Linn, Leonard S. Walker, 
Joseph Meredith. 

18G2. — Leonard S. Walker, Joseph Mei-e- 
ditli, John AV. Davenport. 

1863-'64.— Leonard S. AValker, John W. 
Davenport, Alexander Lee. 

18(55. — Leonard S. AValker, Alexander 
Lee, Bowen Hale. 

18C6. — Alexander Lee, Bowen Uale, Jacob 

1867. — Bowen Hale, Jacob Farling, Ben- 
jamin Lowry. 

18G8-'09. — Jacob Farling, Benjamin Low- 
rv, Lewis Prillaman. 

1870. — Lewis Prillaman, AVillianiAV. Smith, 
Burket M. Elkins. 

187L— Burket M. Elkins, M. C. Blue, L 
J. Covanlt. 

1872.— Burket M. Elkins, Emanuel Pope- 
joy, Leonard S. AV'^alker. 

1S73. — Leonard S. AValker, AVilliam Kirk- 
wood, Emanuel Popejoy. 

iS74. — Leonard S. Walker, AVilliam Kirk- 
wood, Peter Studabaker. 

1875. — William Kirkwood, Peter Studa- 
baker, Samuel L. Kiddile. 

1876-77.— Peter Studabaker, Samuel L. 
Riddile, J. D. Goodin. 

1878. — Peter Studabaker, J. D. Goodin, 
John Sowards. 

1879. — Peter Studabaker, John Sowards, 
Sylvester Lounsbury. 

18S0-'81. — Peter Studabaker, Sylvester 
Lounsbury, Ephraim iL Middaugh. 

1882-'83. — Peter Studabaker, Ephraim M. 
Middaugh, George L. AVarner. 

1884. — George L. AVarner, AVilliam IL 
Ilnpright, Isaac Fishbaugh. , 

18S5-'86.— AVilliam H. Rupright, Isaac 
Fishbaugh, AVilliam Garner. 

Note.— The new board held their first session in 

December of each of the years above mentioned. 
Hence the last mentioned above are in oflice until 
Dpcember, 1887. 


J^owen Hale, 1837-'41; Lewis S. Grove, 
184l-'5U; James Dailey, 1850-'59; John 
McFadden, 1859-'63 ; Theodore llorton, 
1863-'G7; Samuel M. Dailey, 1S67-'71; 
Michael C. Blue, 1871-'75; George E. Gar- 
diner, 1875-'79; Elmore Y. Sturgis, 1879- 
'83; Naaman T. Miller, 1883. 


Adnah Hall, 1837-'48; Henry Courtney, 
1848-'50; AVilliam IL Deam, 1850-'55; 
John AVandle, 1855-'59; Peter Studabaker, 
1859-'62; Elijah A. Horton, l862-'64; 
Jacob A^ Geary, 1864-'66; AVilliam II. Deam, 
18G6-'70; John Ogden, 1870-'74; Lemuel 
Bachelor, 1874-'78; Lawson Popejoy, 1878- 
'82; James P. Deam, 1882-'86; John E. 
Sturgis, 1886. 


Bowen Hale, 1837-'55; George McDowell, 
1855-'59; Thomas L. AVisner, 1859-'67; 
James li. McCleery, 18G7; AVilliam J. 
Craig, 1875-'S3; J. II. Ormsby, 1883. 


Bowen Hale, 1837,-'51; AVilson M. BuL 
ger, 1851-'59; Samuel M. Dailey, 1859-'G3; 
AVilson M. Bulger, 1863-'71; James R. Ben- 
nett, 1871; David E. Bulger, 1879; E. B. 
McDowell, 1882-'87; John G. Bauingard- 
ner, 1887. 

, ;i . SCRVEYOKS. 

John Casebeer, 1837; Sylvanus Church, 

; Samuel G. Upton, 1853; George P. 

Mann, 1853-'57; Elijah A. Horton, 1857- 
'62; James A. Gavin, lS62-'67; Michael C. 
Blue, 1867-'71; Finley II. Rhodes, 1871- 
'73; James P. Hale, 1873-'77; John E. Beil^ 


-e !. 

1- JM'l ,.I.M,.V 

,..;' \' : l.'.V - -^l^^ :.-r I 


PO/jriVAL ANJ) Oli'FlVIAI.. 


1877-'83; T. AV. IJarton, lS83-'87; Gabriel 
T. Markley, 18S7. 


David r.ennctt, 18:57; Isaac Covert, 1837^ 
'41; Lewis Linti, 184rl-'43; Isaac Covert, 
1843-'45; Lewis Linn, 1845-'47; Isaac Co- 
vert, 1847-'49; Amza White, 1849-'53; 
Micliael Miller, 1853-'57; Evan II. Phillips, 
lS57-'59; :\richael Miller, 1859-'61; Na- 
thaniel De Haven, 1861-'G5; Manuel Chal- 
fant, 1865-'67; Isaiah J. Co vault, 1S67-'G9; 
Manuel Chalfant, 18G9-'71; Isaiah J. Co- 
vault, 1871-'73; William AY. AVisell, 1873; 
James B. Plessinger, 1877-'81; M. M. Jus- 
tus, 1881-'85; llenrj Kirkwood, 1885- 


Thomas AVallacc, AV. II. Tarmalee, Nun 
Mclntyre and IJowen JIale. These served in 
the order named, from the organization of 
the county until about 1851, wlien, under 
the new State Constitution, the pi'obate busi- 
7iess was merged into the circuit court. 


I'esides the many okl settlers noticed in a 
previous chapter, many will query what has 
become of the old-time candidates for office. 
AVe therefore append some items in answer 
to their inquiry. 

Amza AVhite, elected sheriff in 1848, died 
many years ago. His widow and children 
are still living in Blufftoii. 

Joshua It. Randall, candidate for Repre- 
sentative in 1848, lives six miles northeast 
of I'hiffton, on a farm. 

James Bell, county commissioner 1849- 
'51, is station agent at Keystone. 

James L. AVarden, prosecuting attorney in 
1851, afterward circuit and supreme judge, 
was an able and honorable jurist. He died 
at Fort AVayne, when he was judge of the 
Superior Court of Allen County. 

Thomas L. AVisner, who has been in otHce 
much uf his life, is still livinrr, in Blufi- 

Ellison ('overt resides at (X<sian. 

Nun Mclntyre and Joseph A. AVilliams 
are not living. 

Joseph Gorrell is still living, at Ossian. 

James Fulton died a few years aero. 

John Ogden is still alive, in Blutfton. 

AVilliam A. Deain lost a great deal of 
property here, but is now doing well in 
AVichita, Kansas. 

AVilliam Kirkwood, father of the present 
sheriff, lives south of Blufi'ton ten or twelve 

George P. ]\Iann, surveyor, died many 
years ago. 

George T. Riddile: see medical chapter. 

John AVandle, Sylvanus Church and Sam- 
uel Decker have been dead many years. 

Lewis Prillaman moved to his farm three 
miles above Blufi'tDn, where he now re- 

Wilson AL Bulger, David Peppard, Nelson 
Kellogg and ^Michael Miller are living in 
Bluffton, retired from the activities of a 
business life. 

David Truesdale lives five miles north of 

James Dailey, father of Hon. Josepji S. 
Dailey, is still living, northeast of Blufi'ton. 

Samuel B. Arnold, of Jackson Township, 
and George AIcDowell, are deceased. 

Henry Prillaman died many years ago. 

Evan II. Phillips, R. C. Bennett, Jr., 
Ilerod S. True, Elijah A.IIorton and Mahloii 
Elwell are all deceased. 

Gabriel II. King is living at La Gro. 

Henry Tlioma is a furniture dealer in 

James Burwell: see chapter on the Bar. 

John R. Cotfroth is a prominent lawyer in 
Lafayette, Indiana. 


'm'-n^'n — «j' 

i> B,^«tja»Ma "£i 


r^"ie*g^>g gi^j^^ja.'^M t^^^^i^n^c^ ^^^-^ 




OT only want of space, l)iit 

t^ also a distaste for repeti- 

f. tioiis, fulsome flattery 

and cheap praise for the 

'jO patriotism of the AVells 

(■^V^/ ;-."'■-- "oij roiinty soldiery, for- 

k-^ '^ liids us to indulge in 

j^fe such glittering generalities 

^j. here,, and we proceed at once 

2:fst^'^ to facts and figures. 

Tlie first wave of sound from 
the tumbling walls of Fert 
Sumter reverberated from the 
^ solid wall of the yeomanry of 
A\'^ells County, liearing upon its 
crest the following sixteen patriots, 
the first to eidist from the county, 
without waiting for hortatory speeches, 
bounties, or what else might first turn up: 
W. ^Y. Angel, Saml. M. Karns, J)wight 
Klinck, Saml. I). Silver, Philip W. Silver, 
Jacob V. Kenagy, John T. Cartwright, James 
A. Starbuck, George M. Burwell, Andrew J. 
JUirlow, Thomas J. Barlow, James A. Bounds, 
John C. Campl)ell, Isaac 11. Lefever, Kobert 
J. Rogers, Isaac P. Wilmington. 

Uriah Todd, a resident of tlie county, 
enlisted from ()hio at the same time. 

There being no railroad in the county, the 
above named patriots, recruited by the first 
on the list, went in large wagons to Fort 
Wayne the next day after Sumter was bom- 
bai-ded, and took the cars for Indianajiolis, 
the place of rendezvous. They were placed 
in the Twefth liegiment. 

At this point the imagination is impatient 
to cast aside and repress the external noise 
and rush of material things, and hover, 
charmed, over the motherly significance of 
every little convenience and comfort furnished 
the son of war as he goes forth to distant 
lands, with the chances against his ever 
returning alive. And when in the terrible 
battle-field or in the tedious, lonesome, mala- 
rious camp, he receives from home a bottle 
of preserves or a jiackage of knick-knacks, 
done up in clean napkins as only feminine 
hands can do them, can he fix Ids mind, even 
for one moment, upon the real significance of 
these things, which is itideed moi'e sjiiritual 
than material, without shedding a tear^ And 
the longer the mind dwells upon it the longer 


'11' I. tl'^'.: i/l >l^ '.i -\<l' I. ,/'j,,i;i. li . ^ Uo-:/ 

;').; .3 ■ '.■.: ,1 .1. -I .)!•.<: Tfij^.v ,) I'll 

, ^-.•-'■,' •■■ 







it wislies to dwell, until it collapses into a 
vacuity of tliougiit IVoni sheer exhaustion. 
Let liim feel these things who cun; others 
cannot be made to feel them with ever so 
mucli rhetoric. Thissecret of life-and-welfare 
preservation, perceived only by true mothers, 
is too sacred even for poetry, or for words in 
any form. 

The Glass school district, two miles west 
of Ossian, comprising twenty-one families, 
sent fifty soldiers to tlie last war! Can any 
comnuinity in the Union beat that? Volun- 
teering was very prompt throughout -Wells 
County; and the two drafts tiiat were inade 
argues nothing against the patriotism of the 
people, for nuiny good citizens maintain, with 
a fair show of reason, that all our soldiery 
should be raised by draft. 

Octolier 0, 1862, there were drafted from 
Jackson Township, 18; Chester, 19; Liberty, 
2; Rock Creek, ti; Union, 17; Nottingham, 
28, and Harrison, 19; total 109. From 
Jefterson and Lancaster Townships none 
were drafted. A second draft, for eleven 
men, took place in 18G-1. There was no open 
resistance to the draft,_or to any other e.xecu- 
tiou of military law, during the war; but we 
are informed that there existed in this coun- 
ty a society of Knights of the Golden Circle. 

The bounty paid by the county for volun- 
teers during the war footed up $100,000; by 
the townships, $26,650; total, $126,650. 
Total paid by the county for the relief of 
soldiers' families, $1,42-4; by the townships, 
$10,000; total, $11,424. Grand total of 
moneys raised and paid out, $138,074. 

In order to give some outline of the career 
of the AVclls County soldiery in the battle- 
lield, we snbjoiti a brief sketch of the engage- 
ments in which their respective regiments 

Some of the regiments — the Forty-seventh 
and Eighty-ninth Infantry and the Eleventh 

and Thirteenth Cavalry — in which Wells 
County was represented, are sketched in the 
history of jVdams (.bounty in this work, and 
we here give an account of the other jirinci- 
pal ones. 


I^or the one year service this regiment was 
organized from the surplus of companies that 
had reached Indianapolis in answer to the 
call for six regiments of three months troops, 
and was accepted for State service for one 
year, May 11, 1861, with John M. Wallace 
as Colonel, succeeded by William 11. Link. 
A few Wells County men were in this regi- 
ment, and did duty in General Banks' Army 
of the Shenandoah. In Afay, 1862, after the 
expiration of their term, they were reorgan- 
ized for the long term of three years, with 
Colonel Link continuing in command. They 
fought in Kentucky and followed Sherman 
in his grand march to the sea, and were mus- 
tered out June 8, 1865, only 270 stroTig. 


This was organized at Madison July 15, 
1861, for a three years' campaign, with Jef- 
ferson C. Davis (tlien a Captain in the regu- 
lar army) as Colonel. It started out in 
Missouri, under General Fremont, to relieve 
Colonel Mulligan at Lexington; but before 
reaching him he had surrendered. It was 
then ordered through Southern Missouri, 
Kentucky, Tennessee, and was with Sherman 
in the march to the sea, and back through 
the Carolinas to Washington, and thence 


was organized at Fort Wayne, and mustered 
into service September 24, 1861, with Sion 
S. Bass as Colonel, succeeded, after his deatii 
at Paducah, Kentucky, from a severe wound, 
by Joseph B. Dodge. This regiment fought 
through Kenti;ckv, Tennessee, Alaliaina and 

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Texas, in which last State it remained on 
duty long after the war closed, having sutl'ercd 
severely in jirivaticnis and in hjsses uf men. 


was organized at Anderson Septemher 16, 
1861, with Asbnry Steele as ddonel. Re- 
maining in camp at Jeftersonville until 
jS'ovemherlo, and then at New Haven, Ken- 
tucky, for a month longer, it embarked on 
transports on the Ohio Kiver below Louis- 
ville, with General Nelson's Division, and 
arriving at Cairo it was detached, and arrived 
at New Madrid, Missouri, ]\[arch 3. There 
it was engaged in the siege imtil the place 
was evacuated JSIarch 14. The next mui'n- 
ing, at ilerriweather's Landing, fourteen 
miles below, it repelled an attack by the 
enemy. With a battery of two tbirty-two- 
pounder siege guns it cut otf the rebel i-etreat 
from Island No. 10, and this was the means 
of the subsequent cajilure of the whole garri- 
son, licturning to New iladrid xVpril 7, it 
remained there as a garrison until June 1-4, 
duiing which time it assisted in the capture 
of Fort Pillow. ^Thence it was taken by boat 
down the ^Mississippi River and up the White 
to Aberdeen, Arkansas, near which ]ilace it 
soo;i had a successful skirmish with the 
enemy. Remained at Helena, Arkansas, until 
the next spring, making frequent expeditions 
against the enemy, the most important of 
which was a successful two weeks' operation 
in clearing Yazoo I'ass. 

DurincT the spring of 1863 it was engaged 
in constructing bridges near Vicksbnrg. May 
1 it had a successful skirinish with the enemy 
at Port Gibson, capturing two field pieces antl 
I'orty-nine prisoners, but lost forty-nine killed 
and wounded. On the 10th it jiarticipated 
in the battle of Champion Hills, where it 
captured a regiment, but lost seventy-nine 
men killed and wounded. Among the latter 

was Lieutenant-Colonel Swain, from Wells 
County, who died from liis. wounds on the 
17th of the next month. The regiment par- 
ticipated in the siege ot Vicksburg until its 
surrendei", then in the siege of Jackson, !^^is- 
sissippi; next in Louisiana under General 
Baid<s-, then in Texas and back to New Or- 
leans, and then home on a veteran furlough. 

Returning to Texas, it fought the last bat- 
tle of the war, IVfay 12 and 13, 1SC5, at Pal- 
metto Ranche, adjoining the old battle-field of 
Palo Alto, near the mouth of the Rio Gi'ande. 
AVith a battery of six field pieces, 250 of tlie 
regiment drove 500 of the enemy, mounted, 
a distance of three miles in three hours. The 
Colonel, David Bransom, having received news 
of the surrender of Kirby Smith, the last one 
of the rebels holding out in the older States, 
gave the order to cease firing, with a peculiar, 
joyful fervency that is ditticult to describe. 
Put the firing could not cease, as our men 
were obliged to defend themselves for the 
moment, irrespective of defense of their coun- 
try; for the enemy by this time got their gun 
in position and poui-ed a destructive fire into 
the ranks of our men, compelling the main 
body to fall back. The Colonel ordered 
Companies 1> and E to remain toward the 
front as skirmishers to cover the retreat. 
These companies were soon surrounded and 
forced to surrender. The loss to the Thirty- 
fourth was eighty-two, in killed, wounded 
and prisoners. This scene was witnessed by 
hundreds of men perched in the rigging of 
eiglity men of war and other shipping, as the 
hazy sun cpiietly settled down in a fading 
glamor behind the sandy hills on the west- 
ern baidc of the Rio Grande. It woidtl be 
interesting to know what member of the 
Thirty-fourth Indiana — possibly a "W'ells 
County man — fired the last gun of tlic great- 
est war that ever drenched the earth in 

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After this tlic i-egiment was ordered to va- 
rious places in Texas, atid finally, long after 
the war closed, was mustered tint. 

The officers in this regiment from AVells 
County were 3[ujor John L. AVilson, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel "W'illiam Swaim, Major Har- 
rison \j. Ueain, Captains "William Wilming- 
ton and John Phipps, and Lieutenants George 
Harter and Andrew C Fulton. 


The companies composing this regiment of 
infantry were raised in the Eleventh Con- 
gressional District, the camp of rendezvous 
being at Wabash. They were mustered into 
service August 19, 18G2, with John U. I'ettit 
as Colonel, and comprised 1,036 men. Ad- 
vancing to meet General Eragg's forces, it 
was ordered back; but soon afterward it gave 
chase to ^lorgan, the raider. A\^ithout cross- 
ing the Ohio Itiver to the north, it was or- 
dered to Murfreesboro. At this time it was 
a part of the " Indiana Brigade," which com- 
prised also the Eighty-seventh, and the One 
Hundred and Thirty-First regiments. In 
June following the Seventy-fifth started 
toward Tullahoina, and was the lirst to enter 
the rebel works tliere. September 19 and 
20 following, in the battle of Chickamauga, it 
lost seventeen killed and 107 wounded. 

Remaining at Chattanooga some months, 
it ne.xt engaged in the noted battle at Mis- 
sionary I'lidge, November 25, losing live 
killed and seventeen wounded. The next 
summer it was engaged in the siege of At- 
lanta, until its evacuation, and the ensuing 
winter marched with Sherman to the sea, and 
through the Cartilinas and V^irginiato AVasli- 
iiigton, where it was mustered out of 

Jlany men from Wells County were in this 
regiment, among them Captain Sandford W. 
Karns and Lieutenant James A. Starbuck. 


in wIiIqIi nearly a full company of AVells 
County volunteers were organized, was main- 
ly recruited from the Fourth Congressional 
District, rendezvousing at Fort Wayne. 
Mustered into service August 29, 18(52, with 
George Humphrey as Colonel, it was soon or- 
dered to the front near Louisville, Kentucky, 
to resist the approach of Jvirhy Smith. Next, 
under General Rousseau's command, it pur- 
sued General Bragir, encraCTlno- in the battle 
of Perryville, with considerable loss of 
numbers in killed and wounded. Subse- 
quently it participated in the battle of Stone 
River, December, 18G2, and January, 18G3; 
remained in camp near Murfreesboro till 
June 24: engarred in severe skirmishes at 
Tullahoma, Ilillsboro and Elk River; in the 
battle of Dug Gap, Georgia, repulsing the 
rebel General Polk; battles of Chickamauga, 
I^ookout Jlouutain, and all the battles lead- 
ing to the occu]>ation of Atlanta, and on the 
grand march to the sea under Sherman, and 
so on with the main army on its return to 
the North, and was mustered out at "Wash- 
ington, June 7, 1805. This regiment did an 
immense amount of fighting and marching, 
spending very little time in camp. 


Regiment of Indiana Infantry took more of 
Wells County's sons than did any other, and 
it was made np wholly from the Eleventh 
Congressional District. In it were Major 
Peter Studabaker, Dr. C. T. Melsheimer as 
Assistant Surgeon, Captain Andrew J. Bar- 
low, Captain (Jeorge Lindsoy, Lieutenant 
AVilliam ]\Iiller, Lieutenant Simon Krcwsen 
and others. The members of the One Hun- 
dred and First rendezvoused at Wabash in 
August, 1802, and were mustered into ser- 
vice September 7, with AVilliam (iarver, of 
Noblesville, as ('olonel. Their first duty in 





tlic field was tlie delcnso of Covington, Ken- 
tucky, against tlie threatened attack by Kirby 
Smitli. iN'e\t the regiment went in searcli of 
Jiragg's forces, marching about to many a 
point, and tiien in pursuit of Joiin Morgan 
for a week, in mud and rain, and was nnsuc- 
cessfuL Then it visited various points in 
Tennessee, engaging in skirmislies and other 
duties, with camp and lieadquarters at Mur- 
freeslioro. In Marcli, 1803, our men (in tlie 
Second Brigade) were skirmishing around 
and beating up hidden rebels, and, happen- 
ing upon ]\[organ with 3,700 men, repulsed 
him, with considerable loss. The One Hun- 
dred and First lost forty-three killed and 
wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Doan, 
of iMai'ion, was in command. 

On the 27tli of April the regiment moved 
wftli its division to McMinnville, captured 
seventy prisoners, some stores, and destroyed 
the railroad in that vicinity. May 31 Colo- 
nel Garver resigned and Lieutenant-Colonel 
Doan assumed command. On the 24:th of 
June the whole army made a forward move- 
ment, engaged in a successful contest at 
Hoover's Gap, and marched from place to 
place, and, after marching all one night, ar- 
rived at the field of Chickamauga on the 
morning of September 19. Here the One 
Hundred and First participated in one of the 
bloodiest encounters of the war, and, with 
others, was repulsed with fearful loss, namely 
tliirteen killed, eighty-five wounded and six- 
teen missing. 

After another skirmish or two, the One 
Hundred and First took part in the storming 
of Jlissionary liidge, and then, in battles 
and skirmishes too numerous to mention 
here, it fought its way along, with the rest 
of Sherman's army, all the way to Savannah, 
and back through the Carolinasand Virginia 
to Washington, making as brilliant a record 
for bravery and fidelity as any regiment in 

the army. Mustered out at Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, after having marched, during its term 
of service, 3,507 miles, traveled by railroad 
759 miles, and by steamer (350 miles, a total 
of 4,916 miles. 


A respectable representation of Wells Coun- 
ty's patriotic citizens risked their lives for 
their country in this regiment, among the 
ofiicers being Captains William H. Covert 
and James A. Millikin and Lieutenant John 
S. Campbell. The regiment was recruited 
wholly from the old Eleventh Congressional 
District, then comprising the counties of 
AVells, Adams, Jay, Blackford, Grant, Hun- 
tington, Wabash, Tipton, Madison and Ham- 
ilton during the winter of lS63-'64, rendez- 
voused at Kokomo, and mustered into service 
]\rarch 12, 1864, with Charles S. Barrish, of 
Wabash, as Colonel. The men were imme- 
diately ordered to JS''ashville, Tennessee, and 
then to Charleston, East Tennessee, where 
they were in camp until May 3, when they 
took up the line of march until they first 
met the enemy at Kocky Face Ridge, away 
down in Georgia. After participating in the 
battle there, they were again engaged in va- 
rious skirmishes, terminating in the cele- 
brated liattle of Ilesaca, where they 
successfully repelled a furious charge from 
the enemy. Pursuing the Confederates still 
further, skirmishing was the order of exer- 
cises every day, in rain, without rations, etc., 
until they again met the enemy, June 17, at 
Lost Mountain. Subsequently they were en- 
gaged in the battles of l^ine Mountain, Kene- 
saw Mountain, the siege of Atlanta, battle of 
Jonesboro, etc., nntil the army extinguished 
Hood's forces near Nashville. 

Returning North, the One Hundred and 
Thirtieth was ordered via AVasliington, D. C, 
to Fort Fisher, North Carolina, and toother 

.^'A'l' "i / VI 


j PATJUoriSM. 



points in succession until itruaclicd Newljern, 
tliat State, and Jvinirston, near wliich ])lace 

was Colonel. This was a one year regiment, 
wholly IVoni the l^le\eiith Congressional Dis 

it encountered the enemy and drove him back. I trict. It left Indianapolis March 5, 1865, 

tor the liattle-tield, and operated in Kentucky, 
skirmishing, lighting guerrillas and guarding 
the city of Louisville, until September -i of 
that year, when it was mustered out of ser- 


Harrison Guai-ds: Cajitain Herod T. True 
and First Lieutenant Ticket 1'. Coiinett, of 

Jefferson (luards: Captain James CTorrell 
and First Lieutenant John AV. Todd, of 


From the Baunei- of .May 21, 1885, E. Y. 
Sturgis, editor, we copy the following list, as 
complete as could be made, of the soldiers 
from Wells County who died or were killed 
in the last war, with their place of burial or 
the places at which they died: 

(Jjficers. — Lieutenant - C'olonel William 
Swaim, Thirty-fourth Infanti-y, buried at 
Ossian; First Lieutenant J. Sharpe AVisner, 
Company A, Forty-seventh Infantry, J>luff- 
ton; Second Lieutenant John 13. Louis, Com- 
]3any A, Forty -seventh Infantry, Blufl'ton; 
First Lieutenant Lewis W. Dailey, Company 
I, Twenty-second Infantry, Murray; Second 
Lieutenant Uriah Todd, Company K, Seventy- 
fifth Infantry, Prospect; Captain Sanford K. 
Karns, Comjiany K, Seven ty-fiftli Infantry, 
Bluffton; First Lieutenant Simon Krewsou, 
Company G, One Hundred and First Infan- 
try, Prospect; Second Lieutenant Abe S. 
Masterson, Company B, One Hundred and 
First Infantry, Six ilile; Captain James A. 
Milliken, Company F, One Hundred and 
Thirtieth Infantry, Ossian. 

TIdrteenth liojiment. — William Allen, 
killed at Stone liiver; Kbene/.er Taylor, 

Shortly after it joined Sherman's army at 
Goldsboro, which army was soon turned over 
to General Schofield, for a short period. On 
reaching Smithfield, on the lltli of April, 
1865, our men received the news of Lee's 
surrender and tlie virtual close of the war. 
iJuring the summer and fall ensuing the 
recriment was on guard duty at Charlotte, and 
was finally mustered out of service December 
2, with 27 officers ami 5-10 men. 


which had a nuini)er of soldiers from AVells 
County, was a 100-day regiment. Edward 
J. 1 Robinson, of North Madison, was Colonel. 
It was organized and mustered into service 
at Indianapolis, ilay 27, 1864, and proceeded 
to Tennessee. It sei'ved more than 100 days, 
doing duty along the lines of the railroads 
which suj)ported Sherman in his advance 
upon Atlanta. 



also a 100-day regiment, had three companies 
from the old Eleventh Congressional District. 
James II. Shannon, of La Porte, was Colonel. 
These recruits were organized and mustered 
into service at Indianapolis iMay 27, 1861, 
along with several other 100-day regiments, 
and did the same service as described above 
for the One Hundred and Thirty-seventh. 


contained a full company of volunteers from 
Wells County, — Company E, — of which Peii- 
iamin F. Wiley, of Plufi'ton, was Captain; 
John M. Henry, of Ossian, First Lieutenant, 
and Marvin W. Bennett, of Ossian, Second 
Lieutenant. Oliver II. P. Carey, of Marion, 



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«!r7^iiMr;rtgsng;7»-.^-;;.-wy Bfs on^trntir^teh ms^^ miH^m 




rrosjH'ut; J. Lc'jiper, tliod in Sontliern 
prison; Josepii _M. CJni-ilinei'. 

Thldij-fuurth Rt(ji lilt lit. — Geoi'gu Wilson, 
()ssi;in; Sylvester C';itton, I'l'osjieet; Francis 
M. Fry, Jcilleil ut Port Gibson; llicliard M. 
Gosliorn, Ossiaii; Josiali 11. lloaitz, died in 
Lonisiana; J)aniel Kitelieii, Prospect; James 
!McConnell, Ossian; William Ogden, Iowa; 
James Pattei-son, killed at Oliampion Hills; 
Steven Farkisun, died at; Frazos Santiago, 
Texas; Samuel Ilicliardson, Helena, Arkan- 
sas; AVilliam Alley, mortally wonnded at 
Champion Hills; De Wilt C. T'lark, James 
Hague, Jacob Hess, Leonard Prougli, Peter 
Pence, John AVest and Thomas Bell, died in 
Wells County; AVarreii Ho\i3el, died in New 
Orleans; AV. Thorn ])Son, died in Helena, Ar- 
kansas; Jose[ih Proctor, died at CampAVick- 
litfe; j\[iland J. True, drowned in Mississippi 
Iliver; Othello AVelcheimer, died at New 
Madrid, ^Missouri; J. Craven, died at Mem- 
phis, Tennessee; Milton P. AVilson, Nash- 
ville, Teiinessee; Ed. Courtney, Joseph Kline, 
Henry Hartnp, Caleb Ayers, Daniel Justice, 
AVilson Gibson, AVilliam Hamnion, L. Ray, 
Daniel Calkins. 

J'\jrtij-sci't:'ntli Rc(jhiicnt. — Josepli AV. 
Stout and AV. O. Futterlield, died at St. 
Louis; Jcdm Cu:-tard, Helena, Arkansas; 
John S. Devoss, died of wounds received at 
Chapel Hill; Job L Devoss, Jeftei'son Bar- 
racks, Alissouri; David H. Bender, Blufl'ton; 
AVilliam H. Stobie, died in Missouri; JLxdi- 
son Hall, ^Memphis, Tennessee; AVilliam II. 
Jeffreys, died in the AVest; Abel S. Johnson, 
died in St. Louis; Lsaac Johnson, killed in 
Mississipj)i; John Jones, Tiptonville, Ten- 
nessee; Levi Meclding, ]\[ound City, Illinois; 
Tlieodore McLaughlin, Benton, ^lissouri; 
Evan II. Pliillips, New Orleans; John Snow, 
AVells County; John Tate and AVilliam II. 
Thorp, Helena, Arkansas; E. Thrailkill, killed 
in Mississippi; David Updegral't, AVells 

County; Thomas J. Helm and John AA^ilson, 
New Orleans; Joshua Snider, Prospect; 
Jonathan Ady, Benton, Missouri; Jesse M. 
Ivouth, lilnti'ton; Marshall Clark, Jlilliken's 
Bend; Thomas Jjodcn, Blnll'ton; AVilliam 
Henley, killed at Champion Hills; Josiali 
Singleton, Benton, Missouri; Henry Single- 
ton, Nelson's Furnace, Kentucky; Robert 
AValder, Champion Hills; Sanford AVitham, 
Morganza, Louisiana; J. AV. Stanton, Rock- 
ford; Reed Shaw, Michael Hodgson, Tln>nnis 
Crumley, James AVallaee. 

Set'cntij-fftJi Reylinent. — Rtiss JlcP^adden, 
Muufordville, Kentucky; Abe AVilson, Fluff- 
ton; J. G. Cartright, Nashville, Tennessee; 
AVilliam Cupp, Louisville, Kentucky; Thom- 
as Allen, Evansville, Indiana; Patrick Boyle, 
Ringgold, Georgia; Jolni AV. Lancaster, Twi- 
bell's cemetery; Silas Lancastei-, Log Moun- 
tain, Tennessee; AVilliam Brown, Peach Tree 
Creek; James Burwell, Bluffton; Ileni-y J. 
Cartwright, Ossian; AVilliam AVare, Moss- 
burg cemetery; John (iraham and Silas 
Smith, Mnrt'reesboi'o; Andrew J. Ilarter, 
Chickamanga; AVilliam Mason, Scottsville, 
Kentucky; John C. Alillikin, Ossian; Royal 
A'^. Rich, Gallatin, Tennessee; AV. Tcmpleton, 
New Albany, Indiana; J. S. AVilson, Tidla- 
homa, Tennessee; CoUunbus Bennett, killed 
at Chickamauga; O. AVilmington, Gallatin, 
Tennessee; Lcander Slusser, New York Har- 
bor; Adam Perry, William Powell, J. Duin- 
ond, Thonias-Ricker, D. A. Riley, J. Jellison, 
AVilliam AVare (Company E), AVilliam Luckey, 
AVilliam AVMlliams. 

One Hundred and First lieijiment. — Har- 
rison Foncannon, Bluffton; J. L. Morgan, 
Chickamauga; Thomas Lagan, Munfordville, 
Kentucky; John Glass, Louisville, Kentucky; 
Francis M. Clark, Anderson ville prison; G. 
AV. Barton, Munfordville, Kentucky; Abra- 
ham Bender, Louisville, Kentucky; J. S. 
Clark, Chattanooga, Tennessee ; Reuben 

?J»'*M~ K !S» Sin 

u i /. 


,.! ,T ,'. i.-.l 7 


Crist and J. M. Connett, JMiirfreesboro; Lovi 
I). Deaver, died of wounds: 'Williiini Ewing, 
Lel)aiian, Kentucky; AVilliani I''alor, Cowlmi, 
Tennessee; AVilliain Y. IjCwis, MurtVcesboro; 
J. Lesli, W. AV. jMiller and S. Sims, Ander- 
sonville prison; Charles Miller, John Thomp- 
son, John R. Weaver, Jacob Bowman, L. 1). 
Harvey, II. B. Peck, David Sides, Ceorge 
Smith and C. Vandine, Murl'reeshoro; A. 
Kevins, Joseph Torrence and AVilliam Con- 
fer, killed at Chickainauga; Alex. S. Oaks, 
Danville, Virginia, prison; Jacob AVeiser, 
Munfordville, Kentucky; Harrison Taylor, 
Jell'ersonville, Indiana; L. D. Wilson, In- 
dianapolis; Lyman AI. Deck, Zanesville; 11. 
W. Chalfant and J. V. Cherry, Munfordville, 
Kentucky; I^ios Feltz, Zanesville; Henry 
GritHth, Sonner's graveyard; A. J. Xasli, 
Gallatin, Tennessee; AVilliam Nelson, killed 
at Jlilton, Tennessee; Josepli Ormsby, Pros- 
pect; A. ]'. Columbus, .shot; Jacob Dalm, 
Ossian; Sanford Nelson, Orlande Leeper, 
AVilliam Ewing, A. J. Barlow, Hugh Ayei's, 
Robert, Abner and Charles Sinkler, Josiali 
Smith, John Sclioch, Charles Ilixon. 

One Hundred and -Thirtieth Regiment. — 
John JI. Nash, Charlotte, North Carolina; 
D. Connett, Andersonville prison; Isaac (fas- 
ten, killed by guerrillas; George Clark, 
Nashville, Tennessee; W. II. Gardiner, Chat- 
tanooga, Tennessee; Lewis Ilendry aiid Jo- 
seph King, killed by guerrillas; Joseph 
Haynes,Knoxville, Tennessee; Ja)nes AVilsoii, 
Chattanooga, Tennessee; Thomas S. Ilarter, 
TuUahoma, Tennessee; George ]5arton, died 
in Andersonville prison; Henry Connett, 
Uriah Nash, Thomas Moran. 

Other Ilegiiiients. — Andrew Byrd, Henry 
Schell, James Brown, Eleventh Lifantry. 

Samuel Patterson, J. Arnold, Fifty-first 

Elmore Johns and Richard Beard, Fifty- 
seventh Infantry. 

AVilliam Peppard, Company K, One Hun- 
dred and Forty-second Infantry. 

Robert Cam|il)ell, C-mnpuny K, One Hun- 
dred and Fifty-third Infantry. 

M. V. Davis and .loseph F. Aker, Fifty- 
third Infantry. 

John Higgs, Company C, Forty-fourth In- 

AVilliam and James Allen, Thirteenth 
Cavalry. ■ 

John Calkins, Fifty-fourth Infantry. 

George Roush, Fifty-second Infantry. 

Nelson G. Fulton, Twenty-second Infantry, 
killed at Rome, Georgia. 

Thomas Phipps, Twenty-second Infantry, 
died in Missouri. 

Jolui A. Stobie, Thirtieth Infantry, Alurray. 

dacob Keller, Fifth Indiana, Mexican war. 

Henry Ecliert, Bluft'ton. 

Allen L. Miller, killed at Champion Hills. 

John Thomas, Six Mile. 

Albert Lindscy, Mexican war, old ceme- 

William Carpetiter, drowned in White 

Hampton Osborn, died at Louisville, Ken- 

Mont AV^ilson, signal service, died at New 

James Jackson, war of 1812, !Mendenhall 

John Jackson, Alarkle. 

Levi Sayler, Chickamauga. 

Thomas Deaver, Mission Ridge. 

Henry ilossbnrg, war of 1812, Mossburg 

Rural AVright, war of 1812. 

Charles Sloan, Sparks cemetery. 

A. Price and ]\Ir. Dickey, Rockford ceme- 

Silas H. AVentz. ohl cemetery. 

Thomas Deaver, AVilliam (iritley, David 
Miller, AVilliam Beasley, war of 1812. 

iEl'iS1115l3L?:-Il?1iil5: H'-tSi^SlH 

i-i:.t^M.^ feHJa *ird 

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1— HMWWfiMjM 




I > HE lirst term of the Circuit 
'^f Court of AVells County 
r convened at the residence 
/^ of Itobert C. Bennett, 
x^lf, wlierc Ijluffton in now 
'^■^ situated, in October, 
*4iS>' 1^37, witli the following ofKcers: 
■4'JiK^" Cliai-les W. Ewing;, Judge; John 
iSwett and eJaines i\,. (jreer, Asso- 
ciate Jud-^es; I'owen Hale, Clerk; 
Isaac Covert, Sheriff, and Thomas 
Johnson, Prosecuting Attorney. 
The lirst grand jury consisted 
of Abraham McDowell, James 
Guthrie, James ^Mace, James 
AVright, James Cobbuni, David Bennett, 
Cliristo])her Miller, William Ray, William P. 
Davis, Henry INface, Jeremiah Masterson, 
Nathaniel Batson, Isaac Dewitt, James Har- 
vey, Isaac "Wright, Isaac Lewellyn, Joseph 
Jones and Buell Baldwin, and petit jurors, 
Joseph S])arks, John ^NFcCullick, Noah Tobey, 
John Seek, Newton Putnam, Allen Norcross, 
Andrew Brown, John lliggins, John Case- 
beer, Goldsmith Baldwin, Samuel Wallace, 

Conklin Masterson, Henry Miller, Henry 
]\[yer8, Daniel ililler, John C. AVhitman, 
James Jarrett, David Snyder, Mason Powell, 
AVilliam Foncannon, Samuel J\Iyers, Adam 
.Miller, John Swett and James 11. Greer, all 
of whom but Newton Putnam are dead. 

The first court entry was made on October 
19, 1837. 

The grand jurors previous to the April 
term, 1839, failed to present any one for 
crime, but at this term Jehu T. Elliott, of 
New Castle, Indiana, afterward 8U])reme 
judge, ap])eared as prosecuting attorney, and 
the first indictments in the county were then 
found and presented, and the court made the 
following entry in relation thereto, which 
will be found on page 21, Minute Book " A": 
" Ordered by the court that in all bills of 
indictment found at the present term of this 
court for assaults and batteries, betting, and 
selling and giving spirits to Indians, the 
defendants be required to enter into recog- 
nizance in the sum of $25 each and security 
in a like sum and in all indictments for grand 
larceny and for suffering gaming in grocery 


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or taverns the defendants be reqnired to enter 
into recot^nizance in tlie sum of Jj^lOO eacli 
with security in a lilce suni." 

At the Septenibur term, 1839, Ewing was 
succeeded on tlie bench by lion. David 
Kilgore, of Muncie, afterward speaker of the 
Indiana House of Representatives and subse- 
quently for two terms a member of Congress 
from the " Old IJurnt District." At this 
term, among others, the famous Moses Jenkin- 
son. Judge Jeremiah Smith, of "Winchester, 
and Judge Jacob B. Julian, now of Indianap- 
olis, were admitted to practice in this court. 
The lirst criminal proceeding tried was against 
Associate Judge James R. Greer, who entered 
a plea of guilty to a charge of betting and 
was fined one dollar. It seems that the 
judges in those days dealt out justice impar- 
tially and in proof of this made OTie of their 
own niimbei' the first victim of the majesty 
of the law. At this term .John I>rownlee, of 
Grant County, since a leading member of the 
Clarion liar, and who is still living, was the 
prosecuting attorney. The criminal docket 
contained fifty-two causes, of which forty-tive 
were for betting, and niost of the prominent 
citizens of the county were placed under 

At the March term, 1840, the late Jere- 
miah Smith appeared as ])rosecuting attornc}'. 

At the October term, 1840, the first divorce 
petition in the county was filed. Prior to 
that event domestic bliss and felicity seem to 
liave reigned supreme. 

At tlie April term, 1841, Samuel Ogdeii 
succeeded John Swett as associate judge, and 
at this term John P. Greer, still living at an 
advanced age at To])eka, Kansas, became the 
first resident member of the "Wells County 
Bar and was one of its leading liglits until 
his removal from the State in 1857. The 
first entry in the probate docket of the county 
was made by AVilliam Wallace, probate judge, 

on November 10, 1841, ordering a writ of 
habeas corpus for the body of one Martin 

At the March term, 1842, James ^Y . P.or- 
den, of Port Wayne, succeeded to the judge- 
ship and Lucien P. P^erry of the same place 
appeared as prosecuting attorney. Borden, 
though only a moderate lawyer, was a man of 
fine physical proportions, an excellent con- 
versationalist, and spent the subsequent years 
of his life in office, having Ijeen a member of 
the constitutional convention, judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas, minister to tlic 
Sandwich Islands under Buchanan, again 
common pleas judge, and he died in the har- 
ness as judge of tlie Allen Criminal Court 
about six years ago. The court as then con- 
stituted had an equitable but arbitrary way 
of apportioning costs, and at this term, in the 
case of " Andy " Ferguson v. Almon Case, 
where the jury found for the plaintiff in the 
sum of $2, the court ordered •' that each party 
pay one-lialf the costs." 

At the September term, 1842, the name 
of Horatio AI. Slack, the second resilient 
attorney of Bluffton, appears of record. At 
this term William II. Coombs of Fort A\'^ayne 
appeared as prosecuting attorney. After 
having jjracticed at that city for more than 
one-half of a centui-y, he rounded off his 
career by a brief service on the supreine 
bench, and is now living at a " green old age," 
but retired from business cares. During this 
term the judge and ex-Prosecuting Attorney 
Ferry were jointly indicted on the novel 
charge of " aiding in the escape of a pris- 

At the March term, 1843, the venerable 
David II. Colerick, still in life, appeared as 
prosecuting attorney. He was at his prime 
a man of excellent delivery and surpassing 
eloquence, and several of his sons lia\e in- 
herited great ability in these respects. At 

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this term John W. Dawson, afterward editor 
of the Fort Wayne Times, and suhse(juently 
Governor of Utah Territory, was admitted 
to tlie bar. He was a ready writer and a 
strong, aggressive man, bnt his pilgrimage 
closed about ten years ago. Two important 
events occurred at this term, viz., the convic- 
tion of Associate Justice Greer for violating 
the revenue laws, and the indictment of 
S. G. Upton, the third resident attorney 
admitted to the bar, for barratry, but for the 
ci-edit of the fraternity let it be said that he 
was acfpiitted of the charge. 

At the September term, 1843, Robert B. 
Turner became associate judge with Greer, 
and Lewis Lynn was tiien sherift'. 

At the March term, 1844, Lysander C. 
Jacoby was special prosecutor. During this 
session Ezekiel Parker was convicted of ob- 
taining goods under false pretense, which 
was the first successful prosecution of a felony 
in the county. 

At the March term, 1815, Jonathan Gar- 
ton liecame associate judge, and continued in 
this capacity with Greer until the office was 
abolished by the adoption of the new Consti- 
tion in 1852. At this term James H. Slack, 
a Union General during the llebellion and 
afterward judge of the Twenty-eighth Judicial 
Circuit, acted as prosecuting attorney. He 
was a man of rugged sense and old-fashioned 

At the August term, 1845, and March 
term, 1846, Elza A. ilc^Iahon, afterward 
judge of this circuit, Ijut long a resident of 
Minnesota, acted as jjrosecuting attorney. 

In 1847 Isaac Covert again became sherift", 
but with this exception the same judges and 
officers continued until March, 1848, when 
Samuel G. Upton was commissioned prose- 
cuting attorney. lie was a straight dignified 
New Yorker, prematurely gray, who thought 
his frosty head was the result of hard study, 

but who never was a lawyer " to hurt." He 
engaged for a number of years in editing 
and publishing the Ijlurt'ton ^*a?iM6'/', and was 
for a time postmaster at this place, but ended 
his career about three years ago at New Or- 
leans, Louisiana, at the advanced age of 
seventy-five years. In 1849 Isaac Covert re- 
tired from the shrievalty and was succeeded 
by Amza White. 

At the December term, 1849, James L. 
Worden acted as prosecuting attorney. lie 
was born in Massachusetts in 1819, but lost 
his father in infancy, removed to Portage 
County, Ohio, when a child and was deprived 
of the advantages of an early education. lie 
was largely self-taught, and removed to In- 
diana during his early manhood, where, by 
his real merits, he gained rapid promotions, 
lirst to the office of prosecuting attorney, 
next to the nisi prius bench, and afterward 
to the Supreme Bench of Indiana, wliere he 
remained nineteen years, and his opinions 
were so much regarded that he was styled 
the " old reliable " and the " John ilarshall " 
of that court. 

At the March term, 1851, the accomplished 
and persuasi\e John li. Coffroth, who needs 
no introduction to our people, was admitted 
to practice here. Judges L. M. Ninde, Will- 
iam W. Carson and Jacob M. Ilaynes and 
Isaac Jenkinson were admitted at the same 
time, and Benedict Bui'ns was added as the 
fourth resident member of the bar. 

At the J\Iarch term, 1852, Amza White, an 
original character in his day, and Arthur W. 
Sanford, afterward a prominent clergyman of 
Marion, Indiana, but now of Michigan, were 
admitted to the force, of local counsel. At 
this term James L. Worden acted as prose- 
cuting attorney, and in March, 1853, he 
produced his commission and qualified as 
prosecutor. AVilliam Porter was then added 
to the list of resident attorneys. In the 

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earlier court practice tlicy disposed of busi- 
ness in a suniiiiarj' iiianiier ai'ter tlic fasliiou 
of tlie old English "dusty foot'' court, and 
while it was rouj^li on the victim, little com- 
plaint WHS made of the law's delay. One 
notable instance of tins kind was the trial of 
Detro and Brown, in 1851, for the larceny of 
a horse belonging to Daniel Miller. They 
had taken the stolen property into Ohio. 
The vigilance committee got upon their 
trail, pursued them to near the city of Day- 
ton, captured the thieves Nvith their plunder, 
and re-crossed the State line without the aid 
of a requisition, brought the car)tives to 
Bluft'ton, and on the day of their arrival 
they were indicted, tried, convicted, sentenced 
to the penitentiary and on the morning of 
the next day the sheritt' started with liis 
prisoners to Jeffersonville to execute the 
judgment of the court. It was claimed that 
this was done in obedience to that clause in 
the organic law of the State which declares 
that '• iustiee shall be administered speedily 
and without delay." 

At the August term, 1853, Edwin li. Wil- 
son, whose biographical sketch will be found 
elsewhere, was admitted and became a resi- 
dent member of the bar. Michael Miller 
succeeded White as sheriff, and at the Feb- 
ruary term, 1854, Edwin K. Wilson was 
prosecuting attorney. 

At the February term, 1855, his brother, 
John L.Wilson, recently on the common pleas 
bench at Morrciw, Ohio, was placed on the 
roll of local attorneys, and also the name of 
John N. Kej'nolds, an auctioneer and petti- 
fogger of great tact, who " lost his grip " 
when he reached the Circuit Court. 

At tlie August term, 1855, James L. 
Worden qualified as circuit judge, and in the 
JSToveujber following George McDowell, a 
brother of tlie late Hon. James F. McDowell, 
of Marion, succeeded Bowen Rale as clerk 

(who had retired after a service of seventeen 

At the February terin, 1857, IJobert E. 
llutcheson, afterward somewhat distinguished 
at the Colnmbus, Ohio, bar, was added to the 
list of resident counsel, but he remained only 
a brief time. At this term David T. Smith 
was admitted to practice, and he has been 
here continuously ever since. 

At the February term, 1858, Reuben J. 
Dawson, of Albion, Indiana, became circuit 
judge, James F. McDowell, snbsequently a 
member of Congress from this district and a 
man of charming eloquence, was admitted to 
the bar, and George S. Brown, a scholarly 
man of tine appearance, located here and was 
also admitted to the bar. lie snbsequently 
located at Huntington, Indiana, where he 
for a time was engaged in business with Col- 
onel L. P. Jlilligan, one of the finest logi- 
cians of the AVabash Valley, and from there 
lie removed to Topeka, Kansas, where in the 
midst of an extensive and growing practice 
he died of blood cancer. During this year 
Newton Burwell, a fluent speaker, ready 
writer and well-read man, was admitted to 
the bar, and for many years was identified 
with much important litigation in our courts, 
but the hand of business adversity was laid 
heavily upon him, and after following a diver- 
sity of pursuits and rowing against the tide, 
he at last took up the line of march and 
drifted to Rapid City, Dakota. At this term 
Nicholas Van Horn commenced the practice 
here, but being of a somewhat notional dis- 
position, he has been alternately lawyer, 
preacher and doctor, and is now trying his 
hand at a variety of vocations in Texas. 
During this term one of the most impor- 
tant criminal trials occurred that has ever 
transpired in the history of the county. One 
Moses T. Murphy, a merchant of A'^era Cruz, 
had gone into the country for the purpose oi' 

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])rociir'mg teams to liaul wheat to Fort Wayne, 
ami while in the woods lietween the residences 
of Jolm Liini and Harvey liisley, he was 
ehiin. His continued absence excited the 
suspicion of iiis family, friends and neigli- 
Ijors, who instituted a thorough search for 
him. His body was found with marks of 
violence upon his head, indicating that he 
had been felled by some blunt instrument, 
and upon closer inspection it was ascertained 
tliat his jngnlar vein was severed. A club 
bespattered with blood and hair was also 
found near the lioily. Suspicion at once, 
whether justly or otherwise, rested upon L>r. 
AViliiam Freeman, who was Mr. Murpliy's 
neighbor. He was arrested and indicted for 
the crime, and after an exciting trial, was 
ac(j\iitted. Tlie case was ably prosecuted 
by Sanford J. Stoughton, prosecuting attor- 
ney, assisted by ]\[essrs. Kinde and Wilson, 
and was defended by Jlessrs. McDowell, Mil- 
ligan and CoH'roth. Edwin H. AYilson be- 
came judge at the December term, 1858, 
and James M. Defrees, of Goshen, who long 
since died, prosecuting attorney. Thomas L. 
Wisner became clerk in November, 1859. 

At the February term, 1860, John Cole- 
rick, a man of magnetic and persuasive elo- 
(juence, succeeded to tlie otiice of prosecutor, 
and in February, 1861, was in turn succeeded 
by Augustus A. Chapin, ])rcsent jndgc of the 
Allen Superior Court. 

On August 23, 1861, Thomas AV. Wilson 
liecame a member of this bar, and Nathaniel 
De Haven became sheriff. In November, 
1864, James II. Schell became prosecutor and 
in the following February Robert Lowry, a 
member of the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth 
Congress from the Fort Wayne District, took 
his seat upon the bench. The chief business 
transacted in the courts of this county from 
the years 1861 to 1867 inclusive, was by 
some general divorce agents residing at Fort 

Wayne, who operated for tiie Middle, Eastern 
and New iMigland States and Canada. Di- 
vorces under the lax laws then existing were 
ground out by the half-bushel. 

During the subsequent years of our juris- 
prudence the circuit court has been provided 
with officers as follows: Judges — Robert 
Lowry until April, 1873, wiien he was suc- 
ceeded by Jacob M. Ilaynes, who continued 
until November, 1878, when his successor, 
James II. Robo, qualified, and continued as 
such until April, 1885, at which time he was 
succeeded by Henry R. Sayler, present judge. 
James R. McCleery succeeded Wisner as 
clerk in November, 1867, and continued as 
such until his death in April, 1875. Thomas 
L. Wisner was commissioned as his successor 
and held until November, 1875. William J. 
Craig was clerk from November, 1875, to 
November, 1883, since which John H. 
Ormsby has filled the trust. Manuel Chal- 
fant was sheriff from 18(J5 to 18(57, and from 
1869 to 1871, Isaiah J. Covault from 1867 to 
1869 and from 1871 to 1873, William W. 
Wisell from 1873 to 1877, James R. Plessin- 
ger from 1877 to 1881, Marcellus M. Justus 
from 1881 to 1885, and since then Henry 
Kirkwood has been sheriff. Tliis court has 
been supplied witJi the following prosecutors 
during the interim named: Thomas W. AVil- 
son from November, 1866, to NovemI)er, 
1868; Joseph S. Dailey, from November, 
1868, to November, 1876; Joshua Rishop 
from November, 1876, to ^November, 1877; 
Luther I. Raker from 1877 to 1880; John T. 
France from November, 1880, to November, 
1884, and since then Edwin C. Vaughn has 
been prosecutor. 

At the November term, 1870, James Gil- 
len was tried for tlie murder of William J. 
]\IcCleery, but was convicted of manslaughter 
and sentenced to the penitentiary for twelve 
years. It was a case that created great ex- 

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citeiucnt and iniieli interest, and was ably 
conducted by both skies, lint as most of tbe 
actors in that forensic I'dntest are yet living, 
the writer deems it jimper imt to particular- 
ize in the matter. TIk'. usually (juiet and 
law-abiding county of Wells has been at 
times under great commotion l>y reason of 
homicides in her midst. In late years Joiin 
Strode was tried for the murder of Daniel 
]\Iiller, an old pioneer of the county; Jlary 
!^[. Eddingtield for the alleged poisoning of 
her children; Frank Iloopengarner for kill- 
ing jS'eedham ilclh'ide; George W. King 
for killing ]\rartin Thayer, and "William 
Walker for slaying George Shaw. Some of 
tiiese cases were of great moral turpitude, 
and are a blotch upon the (otherwise fair 
escutcheon of the county; but a portion of 
the cases had many extenuating circum- 
stances, and in the case of Iloopengarner the 
jury wisely found it to be one of justifiable 
lioniicitle. The actors in these contests are 
nearly all upon the stage, and for the reasons 
heretofore stated we will not individualize in 
reference to them. Under the present Con- 
stitution we had the anouudy, from 1853 to 
1873, of a Court of Common Pleas erected and 
organizeil with almost concurrent jurisdiction 
with the Circuit Court, and during its existence 
it contained the following officers: Wilson 
1). Loughridge was judge from its organiza- 
tion to January, 18G1, wdien he was succeeded 
by Joseph I5rackenridge. James W. Uorden 
became judge in January, 1805, and continued 
until January, 18GS, when Robert S. Taylor, 
one of the learned and best e(|nipped attor- 
neys of this State, was commissioned his 
successor. David Studabaker succeeded liim 
in January, 1809, but resigned in September, 
1869, and Ilobert S. Taylor was then re- 
a];pointed by Governor IJaker. In January, 
1871, William W. Carson became judge, and 
in January, 1873, Samuel E. Sinclair was com- 

missioned and held the office until it was 
abolished as a nt'cdlcBS expense about three 
months thereafter. The prosecutors of this 
court were Benedict iiurns, Newton Burwell, 
James G. Smith, David T. SiJiith, David 
Colei'ick, Joseph S. Dailey and IJenjamin F. 

During the first thirty years of our county's 
history the business transactions were small, 
and one order book of this court embraces all 
the civil and criminal causes there tried from 
its organization up to and including the Jan- 
uary term, 1859. During tlie subsequent 
period of our jurisprudence several parties 
were admitted to the bar, and ibr a time were 
engaged as counsel here, who no longer re- 
spond to the roll call. Among these were 
Thomas A. R. P^aton, now on the retired list, 
but an excellent citizen of the county, and 
AVilliam J. Bright, who edited the Wells 
Coitniij Union. He was "bright" by name 
and nature, but died at the beginning of his 
career in our midst. In 1863 Daniel J. 
Callen,an eloquent orator and "word-painter," 
came and practiced here, but soon returned to 
his native State, Ohio, which he for a time 
served with distinction in her legislative 
councils. ^Ir. Callen has been in his grave 
for the last decade. Benjamin G. Sliinn, 
now a prominent lawyer of Hartford City, 
was admitted to the practice here on Septem- 
ber 19, 1865. lion. Daniel Waugh, present 
judge of the Tipton and Howard circuit, was 
admitted May 22, 1866, with the well-known 
Jacob J. Todd, and James A. Cotton May 
20, 1867. William J. Davis, a graduate of 
Washington College, Pennsylvania, located 
here and was admitted to tlie bar in 1871, 
and Captain William J. Ililligass in the year 
succeeding. Josejih W. Ady, wlio now en- 
joys a State-wide reputation in Kansas, was 
raised in Wells County, and admitted to the 
bar, but shortly after this event obeyed the 





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injunction of tlie wliite-liatted pliilosophcr 
wlio i^aiil, " Young iiiiin, go Wust." 

Our present bar c;om]irises rnoi'e tlian one- 
lialf of all the nienihei's wiio ever engaged as 
resident attorneys at this place, ami embraces 
the names of Kdwin \\. Wilson, David T. 
Smith, Joseph S. l)ailey, Jacob J. Todd, Levi 
jMock, Augustus N. ^lartin, ex-reporter su- 
preme court, John K. Kiuehart, .James P. 
Hale, A. L. Sharpe, J. 11. C. Smith, Homer 
]j. Martin, Edwin C. Vaughn, Charles M. 
France, Mines "\V. Lee, George AV. Kimble, 
David H. Swaim, William T. T. Swaim, 
Win. S. Silver, Asbury Duglay, Abram Sim- 
mons, Luther B. Simmons and Charles E. 
Lacey; and without particularizing or making 
anv invidious distinctions, the writer with 
contidcnce states that this list com])rises a 
galaxy of attorneys as well ecpiipped for the 
great work of the profession as can be found 
in any county of Lidiana. 

Since the influx of railroads into the 
county in the autumn of 1809 the county 
has more than doubled in population and 
tripled in material wealth; 2 000 miles of 
open ditches have been constructed and many 
of turnpikes. 

All kinds of commercial pursuits are 
being actively conducted, and the county 
is rapidly gaining a front rank as an 
educated, enterprising and public-spirited 
locality; and as a result of the growth and 
development of her material interests much 
litigation has necessarily followed in the 
last tifteen years. But the Wells County 
bar have been equal to the emergency, 
fully qualified for the great woidc they 
liave been called upon to perform, and in 
their efforts to establish rights and redress 
wrongs they have been aided at all times 
by an intelligent an<l incorrujitiblc judi- 



The ])rofession of medicine, like her twin 
sisters, la\v and theology, as ii consequence 
has its origin in human misfortune, and 
all are designed to relieve the various ills that 
have their ctuse in some moral or physical 
transgression. Savage nations have their 
sachems, prophets and great medicine men, 
whose duty it is to look after the interests of 
their tribe, while civilized nations do the 
same under the more learned ministrations of 
medicine, law and theology. Hence wher- 
ever civilization advances, it has its advance 
guard of physicians, lawyers and ministers to 
keep it in the straight path of physical and 
moral rectitude. 

The medical history of any place would 
not prove very satisfactory to the general 
reader, unless it embraced a brief history of 
the to]jograph3', together with its climate and 
the manners and customs of the inhabitants. 
Tlie inducements which nature held out to 
the first settlers of Wells County were a vast, 
slightly undulating surface, rich in organic 
deposits, and clothed (with a few excepjtioiis) 
in a heavy growth of deciduous trees, em- 
bracing pretty much every variety usually 
found in the North temperate climate, of 
which the hardier variety, growing mostly 
upon the tiplands, while those of the softer 
woods on the low. A few wet prairies formed 
the exception, and these no doubt in the early 
history of the country were so many superfi- 
cial lakes. They were covered with a very 
rank growth of aquatic vegetation, whose 
annual destruction contributed to a rich de- 
posit of organic matter, that has since been 
converted into fruitful fields by the hand of 
improvement. It has a drift formation vary- 
ing from a few t'eet in thickness on the creek 
and I'iver bottoms, to sixty or seventy on the 


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ii])l;ui(]s, niul is tiiKlcrlaid witli the various 
qualities of liinestoiic, as siiowii from tliu re- 
cent borin£;s for <^as and oil in the city of 
Eliitftoii, eiiilin<^ in salt watei-, instead of c^as 
or oil. 

The thiiinage of the county is dependent 
upon the AV'^abash and Salainonie rivers and 
their numerous tributaries. The former trav- 
erses the county from a soutlieast direction, 
througli tlie townsiiipsof Harrison, Lancaster 
and Rock Creek, and the latter somewliat]iaral- 
lel through tlie townships of Chesterand Jack 
son, in the southwest part of tiie county, while 
Eock Creek, the principal tributary of the 
AVabash iJiver, runs near midway between. 
All their tributaries ha\'e their origin in the 
many " swails or i-lashes " (as they are termed 
in the local dialect of the county) that studs 
its surface, and are very meandering in their 
course to the rivers. Their water supply is 
purely of a surface character, mostly nuule up 
of what the earth tails to absorb during con- 
tinuous rainfalls. Before thorough drainage 
changed their condition they were tilled to 
overflow during the winter and sjiring; later 
on their contents were heated by the summer 
Buuand evaporation, together with some degree 
of imjierfect drainage, reduced their contents 
to a minimum. As a natural result, this con- 
dition was fatal to the smaller vegetation, as 
well as the myriads of microbes and larger 
aquatic animals that usually infest such 
damp places. The result of this soon became 
a putrid mass of vegeto-animal matter, whose 
emanations freighted the air with a cause 
that not only produced disease, but also death 
in many instances to the hardy settler. 

However limited our knowledge is in re- 
gard to what marsh miasm is, whether gas 
eous, meteoric, vegeto-animal, or vegetable 
spores, as some claim, the fact i-emains patent 
that it requires a temperature of sixty degrees 
anil upward, a rich in organic elements, 

and a sutHcicnt amount of moisture to gen- 
erate a cause that will always weaken and 
retard the ellbrts of the ])iuneer to jiave the 
way for a higher ci vilizatiiui in a fertile 
country. There is no other cause that will 
produce so many pathological deviations as 
this has done in times past, before the hand 
of improvement sapped its strength, and re- 
duced it from a ])rimal cause to an unim- 
portant factor in the complication of other 
diseases as we see it to-day. Its effects wei-e 
impartially distributed, neither age, sex or 
condition were spared its inflictions. The 
springtime of life, the summer of manhood, 
and the autumn of hoary age, were equally 
alike the subject of its visitations. It had 
no limit to its ]iathological range, from the 
sim])lest intermittent down to the deadly 
algid, and from the harmless remittent to' 
that of a malignant or pernicious type, that 
frequently ended in sudden death. In some 
instances the stomach and bowels received 
the shock, and produced gastro-enteric hem- 
orrhages that threatened the life of the patient, 
for the time being. In others the cranial 
nerves received the brunt that conveyed the 
impression of an acute attack of meningitis. 
While in others again, a coma so ])rofound 
was developed suggesting a fatal case of ap- 
oplexy, while yet in others a gentle sopo- 
i-ific condition was wrought siinulatino- a 
tranced state resembling death, by the appar- 
ent suspension of all functional movements. 
Such and many more uncommon deviations 
might be noticed as falling under the obser- 
vations of those physicians who first aided 
in the development of this country. 

The old settler's improvement, or rather 
clearings, as they were called, rarely exceeded 
a few acres in extent, with the primitive log 
cabin somewhere near the centre and a lof 
stable off to one side. It was nothing but a 
mere hole or opening in the forest that per- 


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initted the lieat of the summer's sun to reach 
the earth and warm it, and the air enclosed 
witliin. ^Vs the latter became heated it also 
became bnii)'ant through rarit'action, as- 
cended upward, leaviiiL^ a partial vacuum, 
which was filled by the cooler air of the 
surroundiuif forest in the daytime. While 
toward the approach of nii^ht, witli the de- 
clining sun, evaporation was partially stayed, a 
thin vaporous cloud was formed which covered 
the entire imjjrovenient like a blanket sus- 
pended a few feet above the earth's surface. 
In most instances in which the settler was 
located the soil was so constantly saturated 
with moisture that a shallow excavation lined 
with a few feet of Sycamore gum furnished 
an ample sujjply of water. During the win- 
ter's cold it answered every purpose, liut as 
warm weather approached there was an 
increased demand for its use which was not 
so satisfactory. It had lost its refrigei-ating 
qualities, and its warmth had develojied a 
disagreeable brackish taste that no species 
of filtration could remove. In this condition 
some boiled it," and after it settled, used it, 
and considered this made quite an improve- 
ment \i|>on the original, and no doubt but 
what it was, as it destroyed all the germs and 
microbes that an open soil failed to retain. 

It was from such conditions that malaria 
gathered strength, and became the primal 
cause in the genesis of disease that gave to 
the fertile valleys of the Maumee and AVabasli 
the unsiivory reputation of the white man's 

Every returning summer and fall the 
settler was harassed by the cll'ects of this 
concealed foe, whose power was continually 
strengthened by the addition of every acre to 
his improvement. The oidy alternative for 
him was to bear his inflictions with all his 
patience until the autumnal frosts destroyed 
the cause. 

Notwithstanding all their sufferings from 
sickness, and the \arit)us anntjyances attend- 
ant upon the flrst settling of the country, they 
wei'c the proper persons for the occasion. 
Aiul while it is true that many fell in their 
meritorious elforts to pave the way to a 
iiigher civilization, the seeds then suwu have 
taken deep root and furnished a prolific har- 
vest for the enjoyment of their stalwart sons 
and daughters of to-day. As a general thing, 
liistory will record the fact that they were 
friendly in all their social relations, profuse in 
their hospitality, generous to a fault, and 
honest in the discharge of their duty. They 
were — 

" No slaves to sect, no secret road tbey trod, 
But looked through nature up to naUu-e's God." 

The doctor was a kind of medical non- 
descript in comparison with the members of 
the profession to-day. As a general thing he 
had the greater part of his life's works before 
him, was full vt' energy, and possessed a 
surplus of vitality that required just such 
environments to keep him within the bounds 
of moral rectitude. He was very courteous 
to his patients, so much so, to all who were 
old enough were dignifledas uncles and aunts 
and few of the elders received the honors of 
grandparents. lie had schooled himself for 
coolness and deliberation amidstall thee.xcite- 
ments from accidents " by flood or field." 
Whatever misfortunes occurred were viewed 
as unavoidalile under the circumstances, so 
far as he was concerned. "With him the past 
was beyond his recall, the future he knew 
nothing about, but the ever present was his, 
and he utilized it in such a manner as to give 
the most satisfactory results. He was from 
the very nature of his surroundings a con- 
centrated embodiment of all the specialties 
so markedly characteristic of the profession 
to-day, and was compelled to assume the 




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role of pliysician, sui'ijcon, ol)Stoti-it'ian, den- 
tist, aurist, oculist and if tliure had been 
occasion for the gynecologist this would have 
been added as an appendix to his other 
duties. These various callingsof his required 
quite a collection of drugs to meet the 
demands, and together with a certain degree 
of self-reliance which isolation imparts, made 
him master of the situation in a vast majority 
of instances. When contemplating a visit in 
the country, which was a daily occurrence, he 
meant rough business and was prepared for 
it. Hence his usual outfit was an old slouched 
liat or cap, that had borne the brunt of many 
exposures, adorned his head, while the lower 
extremities were encased in a pair of coarse 
stogy boots, and the ever present green flaimcl 
leggings, as further pi'otection against mud 
and water, together witli the compulsoi'y 
spur attached to the iieel, were the outfits. 
The protection of his body by some species 
of mathematical adaptability was made ecjual 
to the extremes, and the result was a kind of 
an object that required a rapid evolution of 
Darwinism to bring him up to the present 
regulation standard. Thus equipped and 
armed with a portly pair of pill bags, he 
started on horse-back upon his liunnine mis- 
sion, over wagon tracks, along bridle paths, 
through slashes of water and mud midsides 
deep, and not nnfrequently with no other 
directions then the blazed track to the lonely 
cabin in the forest. At night the hickory 
bai-k torch or the punctured tin lantern 
lighted with a tallow dip furnished a frail 
substitute for the light of the sun. 

Thus in brief you have the bi(jgra]ihy of a 
pioneer physician from the pen of a junior 
member who participated in the events which 
the mutations of time had wrought some 
forty-three years ago, and were shrouded in 
the obscurities of tiie past until resuri'ected 
by one who stands a representative of that 

period without a constituency. In the provi- 
tlence of God all his co-laborers liave laid 
down their burdens, and joined their kindred 
spirits across the dark waters of Lethe. 

The contrast between the past and the 
present is so great that its reality appears 
" like the baseless fabric of a vision that 
leaves no trace behind." The steady hand of 
improvement lias measurably destroyed the 
cause that annually furnished a very prolific 
harvest of miasmatic diseases to tlie pin'sician. 
So, too, the wilderness has been converted 
into many fruitful lields. The old cabin, that 
virtueof pioneer necessity, lias long since given 
place to the more pretentious dwellings. An 
increasing commerce has demanded gravel 
roads instead of wagon tracks and bridle 
paths. And the intercourse of the outer 
World is maintained by railroads and tele- 
graphs, through which distani^e is diminished 
by the locomotive's flight and time annihil- 
ated by the electric Hash. Numerous villages 
have sprung up as if by the hand of the 
niagieian, and the country is teeming with 
an intelligent and enterprising population 
that thus far has kept step in the progressive 
march of the nineteenth century. 


The first physician in the chronological 
order was Dr. John Knox, who immigrated 
to AVells County in 1829 and located near 
Murray on the farm subsequently owned by 
Henry Miller. 

The second physician was Dr. Williams, 
located in the village of Murray in 1838. 
]!y what few settlers that neighborhood con- 
tained he had the reputation of being a suc- 
cessful practitioner. His death occurred a 
few years afterward in that place. 

The third in the county was Dr. William 
Fellows, a regular practitioner, who was lo- 
cated some two miles south of Hlnfl'toii in 





-AV- ,.:! 

lllsrolO' OF W'KLLS COUNTY. 


183S, oil the farm now owned hy David 

The tii>t epidemic of typhoid fever oc- 
curred in the f:dl and w inter of 1.S45. 

The first epidemic of scaidet fever occnrred 
in the latter part of June, 1849. 

First case of cliolera (Asiatic), .Vugust 9, 
1849, imported from llnntington, Indiana. 

First epidemic of measles in September, 

First case of small pox in June, 1854, at 

First epidemic of diphtheria in Jnne, 

Tlie lirst and only colored child horn in 
the county was that of John AVaterman's, a 
colored barber, who resided in a small dwell- 
ing north of the Deam block, on Main 
street, July 20, 1880. 


BY (;. K. FUI/roN. 

The AVeils County Medical Society was 
organized April 9, 1878, with tlie following 
physicians as its officers: C. T. ilelsheimer, 
President; T. II. Crosbie, Secretary; Theo. 
Ilorton, Treasurer; B. F. Cummins, W. li. S. 
Clark and L. A. Spaulding, Censors. A consti- 
tution and by-laws were framed and adopted 
and such articles of incorporation were tiled 
and recorded within the records of AVells 
County. The organization adopted the code 
of ethics of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, and is auxiliary to the Indiana State 
Medical Society, to which it sends at eacli 
annual meeting delegates to represent tlie 
county society, who are thereijy entitled to 
a voice in all the deliberations of that body. 

The object of this society is to provide an 
organization through which the " regular 
physicians" of the county may be united in 
one professional fraternity for the purpose of 

giving frequent and decided expression of 
tlic views and objects of the medical -[irofes- 
sion; to develop more etiicient means than 
we have had hitherto for cultivating and 
raising to a higher plane the standard of 
medical knowledge; for exciting and encour- 
aging emulation and unity of purpose among 
the members; for enlightening and directing 
public opinion in reference to the duties, re- 
sponsibilities and requirements of medical 
men; and for the promotion of all measures 
calculated to ameliorate the suflering and to 
improve the health and protect the lives of 
the community. 

The society does not embody a large mem- 
bership, there being an average of from thir- 
teen to fifteen members, owing to deatiis, 
removals, etc. J5eing composed of the lead- 
ing physicians of the county it is as live and 
active, according to its numbers, as any like 
organization in the State. 

The meetings of the society are held in 
BlufTton on the second Tuesday of each 
month. A standing invitation to attend each 
meeting is always gratuitously published by 
the press of Blutfton to all who may desire 
an examination and the advice of the members 
free, in response to which numerous persons 
from all parts of the county attend the meet- 
ings and embrace the opportunity of benefits 
tendered. A ])rominent feature is the prep- 
aration and reading of original papers or 
essa3's on subjects pertaining to the science 
of medicine by the members in turns as 
their names occur on the roll in alphabetical 
order. Following the delivery of such papers 
is a rigid discussion, approving or disapprov- 
ing the respective merits of each. 

Every organization, like every household, 
has its visitations of gloom — days when the 
sun does not rise to shine on the surround- 
ings just as it did before — here we pause, and 
drop the sympathetic tear in memory of those 

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wlio on earth lia\e apiilieil tlioir last healing 

Two of the ciiarter members have passed 
away by death. 

Dr. T. II. Crosbie was born April 2, 1818, 
in AVashingtoii (,'ounty, Pennsylvania, died 
February 21, 1888, in Ijluil'ton, Indiana. 
When four years old he moved to Wayne 
County, Ohio, where he remained until 1818, 
when he settled in the practice of medicine 
in Blnft'ton, Indiana. In October, 1861, he 
entered the Forty-seventh Regiment Indiana 
Volunteers as a private, but was soon ap- 
pointed Hospital Steward, and afterward As- 
sistant Surgeon of the regiment, from which 
position he was honorably discharged in De- 
cember, 18G1. 

Dr. Crosbie was a graduate of Willoughby 
Medical College; was a man of few words, 
but a close student and a careful and success- 
ful practitioner. He was a member of this 
society from its earliest date until his death. 

Dr. W. E. S. Clark was born in 1820, 
and died July 20, 1882, inBluffton, Indiana, 
lie took his literary course in Kenyon and 
"W^estern Reserve Colleges, of Ohio, gradu- 
ating from the latter. lie began the study 
of medicine with his father in 1837, and 

graduated at Willoughby IMedical College, 
Ohio, in 1842. He practiced medicine in 
Grafton, Litchfield, Ashland and Biicyrus, 
Ohio, and entered the army in 1861 as As- 
sistant Surgeon of the Twenty-fourth Ohio, 
and was mustered out in 1864 as Surgeon of 
the Si.xty-fourth Ohio. In ISliS he engaged 
in the drug business in Des ]\Ioines, Iowa, 
and in 1873 removed to Rlufl'ton, Indiana, 
and practiced up to near his death. 

Dr. Clark was first married to Miss Fran- 
ces C. Parsons, of Edinburg, Ohio, who died 
in 1862, having lost her two children by 
death. In June, 1865, he married Mrs. Ade- 
line Slanker. lie was an active member of 
this society from its formation until his 

It is earnestly hoped that the future of this 
society will be marked by its keeping abreast 
with whatever progress flows from the foun- 
tains of wisdom in the medical world, and 
that the atHicted may continue to come and 
drink thereof and be healed. 

The present otiieers of the societj' are as 
follows: L. A. Spalding, President; G. E. 
Fulton, Secretary; M. N. Newman, Treas- 
urer; C. T. Melsheimer, L. Mason and J. 
W. Crum, Censors. 



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mm THE PRESS. 11 




•vC^'w-^^S^^^lIE pooplo of Wells 
County have had a local 
paper ever since the 
year ISil. In that 
year the first news- 
paper in tlie count}' was 
»^ jfjff' p estalilished, by Thomas Smith, 
'"' ' a'^Iexican war veteran. The 

paper was Democratic, and 
named the RepuhlUan Bmjlc. 
It was, of course, a small sheet, 
■kO was printed in larije ty])e, on a 
'^^r'^V^yi^'? Iiamag'e (wooden) press, but 
^S^^V^ being started at a premature 
^^%^ stage of the settlement of the 
country, it failed to receive 
puHiciont sujiport, and was suspended after an 
existence of about two years. Probably every 
village in the (Jreat ^\'est has been the scene 
of such premature newspaper enterprises. 
From this paper we have gleaned a few inter- 
esting items, which we have incorporated in 
the political chapter, and under the head of 
Hlntfton. Early papers, liowever, gave but 
very little local news. It was not the fashion 

then to give apparently small items of matters 
near home. llr. Smith <lied in April, 1850. 


This has always been the chief and the 
oflicial paper of the county, being Democratic 
in politics. It was established in 1850, the 
second paper in the county, and practically 
tlie successor of the Jhujle, the first editors 
and proprietors being Samuel G. Upton and 
Lewis S. Grove. The ])aper has passed 
through many hands, namely, in order: T. J. 
]\IcDowell, George ilcDowell, James (ierry 
Smith. D. J. Callen and T. B. Gutelius, J. H. 
Smith, Theodore Iloi-ton &, Co., J. G. Smith 
again, William J. Craig (September 15, 1870], 
Homer L. j\[artin, E. A. K. Ilackett, Martin 
iV: Koth (1881), Samuel S. Koth, Sturgis, 
(lorrell &. Gorrell (E. Y. Sturgis, Dr. A. G. 
Gorrell and J. J. Gorrell), and lastly, E. Y. 
Sturgis alone, since August 1, 1884. The 
paper was enlarged June 9, 1881, and is now 
a nine-column folio, faithful in giving the 
news, and honest in criticism. 

Mr. Craig also served for eight years as 

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599 ^biJ 

clerk of tlie court, and wliilu in tliiil position 
lie bcciune interested in the Narrow Ciange 
Railroad, was appointed its receiver, which 
position he resigned, and took charge of the 
famons Indianapolis Sentinel. A specimen 
of his editorial wit is given toward the con- 
cliisioii of this chapter. 

Mr. Ilackett, also one of the ablest editors ot 
the i>(7?in6'/', was from I'ennsylvaiiia, a practical 
jirinter, and a newspaper man. Althongh he 
jiad but little means, he conducted the paper 
with success. On leaving this position, he 
took charge of of the Fort Wayne iSeutiuel, 
when that paper was losing money, and raised 
it also upon a pecuniarily successful basis. 


Under this head it will proliably be best 
briefly to notice first what may be considered 
practically the line of predecessors of the 
Clironicle; and the rirst was the People's 
Press, Republican in politics, establislied in 
1855, by a company consisting of John L. AVil- 
son and ilichael Karns. The first editors were 
Mr. Knox, James Bramagem andJ.J. Gor- 
rell. In 1857 Mr. Nelson ivellogg took charge, 
and continued up to 18G1, with Messrs. 
I'ixler i*c F. N. Kellogg as proprietoi'S a part 
of that time. During the first year of the 
war the name was changed to Wells County 
Unian, with W. J. J^right as editor. He 
was followed, after a suspension, by Cephas 
lloyt and ,T. II. Smith. In 180G it became 
the Wells County Standard, with James 
Sewell, editor. lie was succeeded ])y A. 
Coltonand J. Sewell, and in 18(j'J it became the 
Wells County Chrouiele, with S. Davenport 
as editor. In May, 1873, the paper was again 
suspendetl for a time, and then revived by J. 
W. Ruckman, who in 1877 sold to J. F. 
Rierson, and he to C A. Arnold. Sin(;e 
1878 Mr. (ieoi'ge Arnold and his son Charles 
have been editors and proprietors. Dui'ing 

the proj)rietorshi[) of thej)rescnt incumbents 
the j)ajR'r has been greatly enlai'ged and im- 
proved, and is a nine-column t'olio, nncoiupi-o- 
uiisingly Republican in politics, and has 
assumed a position in the front ranks of local 
journalism, and commands an influence second 
to none in the county. Its circuhition is con- 
stantly increasing, and it is highly appre- 
ciated by its ])atrons. 


This was established in 1S78 as a Green- 
back ]iaper, liy James Gerry Smith, pre- 
viously noticed. It was a four-column quarto. 
In January, 1881, it was taken by W. V. Mc- 
ilahon, who changed it to a seven-column 
folio, and afterward to a five-column quarto, 
and for a time issued a daily in connection 
with it, and continued to conduct it as a green- 
back organ until September 10, 1882, when 
Frank T. Waring, a resident of Bhifl'ton, pur- 
chased it. Next it was for three or four 
months owned by the Times Rublishing Com- 
pany, and managed by John Studabaker, as a 
Rroliibition paper. January 1, 1886, Mr. A. 
S. Roberts, a young, smart man from South 
Rend, assumed control and conducted the 
pa])er simply as a newspaper, independent in 
politics, until March, 1887, when he sold out 
to William F. Clark, Sr., and William F. 
Clark, Jr., from Michigan. 

]\Ir. Roberts was born in Wabash, Indiana, 
in 18G1, graduated at a Methodist Episco])al 
college in 1883, attended De Pauw University 
about fourteen inontlis, learned the trade of 
jirinting when young, and has continued 
therein since his school days. Was with his 
father. Rev. W. W. Roberts, a Methodist 
minister, on the Indiana Phalanx, at In- 
dianapolis, and came from there to iSlufi'ton. 


The Messrs. Clark came \ery highly recom 
mended, and their work so far corroborates 





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that reputation. Tliey have changed the name 
of the Wells County limes to Jndiana 
JriKjle, its policy to Prohibition, and enhirged 
its geographical range, hcinir the only I'ro- 
hihition [laper in this Congressioua! District. 
Yolnine 1, .\nnd)er 1, was tiie number for 
March 10, 1887. 

people's advocate. 

This amliitious little advocate of the rights 
of labor, published weekly in the Williamson 
Block at Bhiffton, was established by William 
Patrick McIStalion. He has traveled consid- 
erably in Canada and in several States and 
Territories, has had mnch experience with 
men, and with that vim that is characteristic 
of the Irish nationality, permitted to have 
free ]ilay in this land of opportunity, he will 
make a mark in the world not easilv erased. 

This is a lively little juvenile weekly, 
started in the autumn of 188G, and edited 
and published b_y J. M. Park, a bright lad. 
Special attention is paid to the school chil- 
dren, their "coinpositions" being printed 
therein. The paper deserves a thorough 
patronage in this locality. OlKce in the 
basement of ilcFarren's IJlock. 

Several other papers have had short lives 
in this county, as the Wells Countij Daily 
Jhinocrat, which lived but for a day, the 
M^elh County Telephone at Ossian, etc. 


As a small but interesting item of history, 
and also as a specimen of editorial wit in 
AYells and Adams counties, promised on a 
preceding page, we give lierc, as good a place 
periiaps as elsewliere, the following instance: 

About nine o'clock on the morning of 
Sunday, November 5, 1871, when all the re- 
spectable people of Blntfton were either 
wending their way to church or remaining 

quietly at home, there might lie seen a wagon 
and team slowly approaching the city from 
the east. In tlie wagon were an elderly lady 
and a lad about twenty years of age, with 
several bags of wheat, a grist of corn and 
buckwheat, and a considei'able quantity of 
butter, on their way to mill and market. On 
arriving in town both mother and son were 
astonished to find that Blutl'ton mercliants 
were such sluggards as to fail to open their 
establishments by nine o'clock. Their aston- 
ishment was increased when they were in- 
formed that it was Sunday, and that our 
people rested on that day. 

" Well, I declare," exclaimed the woman, 
'' it seems to me I do recollect hearing of 
Sunday when I was a little girl; but you 
know I was very young when we came to 
Adams County, and, never being reminded 
of it, it is not strange that I shoidd forget 
all about civilized rules." 

The Bluft'ton Banner, AV. J. Craig, edi- 
tor, after giving the above account, added 
the reflection: " Is it jjossible tliat Adams 
County is so far removed from civilization 
that the people there do not know when Sun- 
day arrives? No wonder they voted against 
the cast and west I'ailroad." 

Of course this fling at Adams County was 
too mnch for the Decatur Eagle to let pass 
unrebuked. Accordingly, in a subsequent 
number of the paper, he reported as follows: 
"Simply to gratify oui- curiosity and love of 
adventure, we determined to hunt uj) the he- 
roine of Craig's [editor of the Banner^ story. 
After considerable trouble, our perseverance 
was rewarded with a sight of the old lady's 
domicile, but she had departed. Inquiry re- 
vealed the fact that the building of our rail- 
road, the visit of a Bible agent, and several 
similar annoyances, had induced her to emi- 
grate. She had taken up her abode with 
her sister in the backwoods of Wells County, 





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remote tVoin tiie annoyances of" a liigher civ- 
ilization. In fact, she was in the act of 
movinj^ when slie became tlic subject of the 
Jidiiiwr man's notice. 

" Desirous of learning more of her event- 
ful history (which was, perhaps, stimulated 
by a desire of knowing more of the Darwin- 
ian theory of develupmentj, we visited her 
new retreat, found her uncommiinicati\-e, but 
lier sister sufliciently garrulous. The latter 
volunteered the information that she was 
' horned, raised an' 'lowed to die on this yere 
spot.' Then she asked, ' Be you one of tliese 
yere town fellers?' AVe said 'Yes.' 'I thort 
so,' said she, and continued: ' Tryin' to git 
women to vote in town, hain't ye? We don't 
'low to work the roads for you ones if we do 
vote. Stranger, we've had aheap o' trouble this 
summer on 'count of Betsy Jane. Last spring 
a low down ornery cuss, a jirinter man from 
IjliilVton, got to hankerin' arter Betsy Jane, 
an' Betsy Jane slie got to hankerin arter him. 
Well, stranger, I thort we had trouble wlien 
Jake died; then the twins follercd; but it 
war nothin' 'side of the idea of Betsy Jane 
niarryin' that feller. But as she got to pinin' 
arter that an' gittin' thinner 'n a shadder, I 
concluded to let him have lier, but when he 
went and put her aunt Berlinder, my only 
sister, in tlie papers, like slie war no better'n 
a heathen Cliinee, then, stranger, it war un- 
possiblc. lie shouldn't have Betsy Jane if 
it war the death of tlie hull family.' " 

Th\\6 the I><tnner rejoined: " x\ mystery 
60 dark as the above could not remain un- 

solved. Accordingly wc started in search, 
and after reaching French Township, Adams 
County, we were unable to get close enough 
to any one to make inquiries. When we 
obtained a glimpse of a native and attempted 
to approach within speaking distance, he 
would rapidly swim to a distant stump and 
perch upon it in the greatest fear and bewil- 
derment. When we made a second at- 
tempt to approach, he would wiggle his tins, 
shake his moss-covered sides, sliow liis teetli 
and beat a liast}' retreat to a more distant 
place of supposed safety. Knowing that ' mu- 
sic hath charms to soothe the savage breast,' 
we had taken the precaution to borrow and 
take with us one of the wind instruments of 
our cornet band. Wading back to the buggy, 
we took the instrument and sounded it. It 
so nearly resembled a locomotive whistle 
that the denizens verily believed it was one, 
and all over French Township there was a 
general Ijuzzing of fins, and straightway every 
inhaljitant went for his hole in the ground. 
All was silence. Several hours' search failed 
to discover one of those terrified beings. 

" Sadly we sought our vehicle, and kept 
the road. After proceeding about a mile, we 
came across a lonely tent, upon which was 
written, with charcoal, ' Bkrlindek — Gone 
to Wells County in search of the light of 

" We are glad the A'agle excepts us from 
the alleged heathenism of this county, and 
that the 'printer man ' referred to belongs to 
the establishment across the street." 

J >i r, .'1 L^w >~ 





V reference to tlie first 
chiiptcr in tliis work, the 
reader will see what 
'•foundation" there is in 
Weils County for agri- 
\y'ri ^^ , ^ cultural ]irosperity. A 
^,-^|\»fj^^ litrge portion of the sur- 
face is a rich clay or loam, 
and the rest a gravelly 
loam. The gravel, or drift, 
lies at various deptlis from 
the surface down to many 
feet, constituting a system 
of under-drai nage for most 
of the land. Every sec- 
tion of land is either till- 
able now, or in a short 
time will he made so, by drainage into the 
respective water-courses. The swamps are 
nearly all high above the creeks and rivers, 
and in course of time will be effectively 

Previous to June 1, 1882, there had been 

240 miles of public ditching done. At that 
ilate a new system was Ijegun, under a new 
impetus, and by November 1, 1883 seven- 
teen months — 11,000 acres were effectually 
supplied with ditches, at a cost of only 
$30,000— not quite $3 to the acre. It is 
estimated that there is now between 1,300 
and 1,400 miles of ditching in the county, 
besides many miles of road graveled; and 
work in both these lines is progressing more 
rapidly than ever before. The cost of gravel- 
ing a road is about !t;l,700 per mile. 

The "AVells County Agricultural Society" 
was first organized in 1853, with Rev. I). H. 
Drunimond as president, who continued in 
that position until the career of the society 
was interrupted by the great civil war. Mr. 
Urummond has since died, at his residence 
near Blnffton. During his time the society 
held annual lairs, all of which were success- 
ful. In 1867 the society was reorganized, 
with John McFadden as president, and suc- 
cessful annual exhibitions were held until 

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1882, when tlie expenses became so great as 
to prevent the association froTn awarding 
preminms, and thns killed the interest in 
these best holidays of the year, lly the 
phrase "successful fair," we mean that the 
exhibits were generally good und the receipts 
liberal. Some departments of agriculture, 
horticultnre and stock-raising would be com- 
]iaratively poor some seasons, while the ma- 
jority were excellent, and the quality varied 
much from year to year. The fair of 1879 
was particularly exciting, as there was a 
" baby show," and premiums were awarded 
to Mrs. Joseph Lipkey, Mrs. J. J.Todd, Mrs. 
William Grooms, Mrs. Kittie Smith and 
Mrs. AVilliam Ernst, in the order here 

Eminent men from abroad were often en- 
gaged to deliver an address, among tliem 
"Blue Jeans" William, Governor at the 
time (1873), and B. F. Butler, in 1880, etc.; 
but when the last-named was here, on Thurs- 
day of the fair, he seemed to draw more away 
from the fair-ground tlian to it. In 1880 
the Presidential campaign interfered seri- 
ously with public interest in agricultural and 
stock exhibits, and tlie two succeeding years 
the crops were cut short, and thus caused 
the interest to wane still more. 

Succeeding Mr. McFadden as president of 
the Agricultural Society were Joseph C. 
Silver, Abram W.Johnson, Levi J[(jck, John 
T. Glass, John Shoemaker, Nathaniel Green- 
lield and Branson AVeaver, each a term of 
two years except Mr. Glass, whose tei-m was 
only one year. Messrs. Greenfield and James 
H. Bennett have been especially identified 
with the interests of the society from the l)e- 

The old fair-ground was sold for a park, 
but the latter feature has been neglected. 
There is also a good stone quarry there, but 
it is not now worked. The "park" is now a 

farm. Situation, across the river northeast 
of I'luffton. 

A "Sliort-horn Breeders' Association " was 
organized September 11, 1886, with Dr. 
John C Fulton, of Murray, as President; 
Branson Weaver, Vice-President; David D. 
Studabakcr, Treasurer, and David T. Smith, 
Secretary. Total membership (^[arch, 1887) 
thirty, all but two being residents of AVells 
County. They meet the last Saturday of 
each month, and have arranged for an ex- 
hibition and sale of stock tlic second Tuesday 
and Wednesday of June, 1887, at Blutfton. 

AVhen the I'atrons of Husbandry took the 
country in 1870 they afterward, of course, 
"took in" AVells County in their march, or- 
ganizing granges in every part of the county, 
two or three of which are yet in successful 
operation, at Five Points, Rockford, etc. 
Several prominent citizens in Bluffton were 
members of the Bluffton grange, as E. Y. 
Sturgis and wife, AVilliam J. Craig and wife, 
George E. Gardiner and wife, S. M. Dailey, 
J. G. Smith and others. At one time during 
an exciting political campaign, one of the 
parties undertook to work in the Bluffton 
grange in its own interest, but was thwarted. 
It c;iused some trouble, raising a question of 
jurisdiction between the grange in the city 
and that in the country near by, which had 
to be settled by an appeal to the State grange 
othcer. The interests of this movement are 
thought to have been greatly damaged by an 
effort to establish and conduct cooperative 
stores, which proved abortive. 

To give some idea of the progress which 
Wells County lias made in her agricultural 
developments, we give here the latest census 
report, that of 1884: 

AVheat, 28,272 acres, 370,507 bushels; 
corn, 34,607 acres, 821,585 bushels; oats, 
7,727 acres, 253,921 bushels; potatoes, 89,- 
390 bushels; apples, 38,500 bushels; timo- 

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thy, 16,289 acres, 25,880 tons; clover, 10,689 
acres, 15,227 tons; timber land, 66,200 acres; 
newly-cleared land, 2,039 acres; idle plowed 
land, 8,144 acres; hliie and other wild grass, 
5,741 acres; nunilier of horses, 6,079; mules, 
263; milch cows, 5,622; total cattle, 13,149; 
stock hogs, 26,720; fatted hogs, 26,672, 
weight 5,062,348 poutids; sheep, 12,045; 
lambs, 3,888; gallons of milk, 2,111,862; 
])onnds of butter, 405,663; jiounds of cheese, 
100,003; wool clip, 45,858 pounds, which 
had averaged about 60,000 pounds for the 
live preceding years. 

l)Ut it must be borne in mind that the 
official census generally falls far short of 
giving the full amount. 

As to orchards, it must be confessed that 
the}' are gradually succumbing to modern 
diseases and insects. 


In inti'odncing this subject we may notice 
brietl}' the only plank road ever built in this 
county, before the day of railroads. 

As long ago as 1848, we see by reference 
to the RejiuMixiH, Bugle., now in the 
possession of Dr. Melsheimer, a movement 
was set on foot for the laying of a ])lank road 
from Bluffton to Fort Wayne, the entrepot 
for this section of the country. The Bugle 
for January 6, 1849, gives au account of a 
public meeting iield at the court-house in 
Fort Wayne, December 10 previous, for the 
purpose of appointing delegates to attend 
the [ilauk-road convention at Bluffton on the 
19th. Twelve delegates were appointed, but 
only the following appeared at the conven- 
tion: Hugh McOulloch (afterward a mem- 
ber of President Johnson's cabinet), P. 
lioagland, S. Edsall, P. P. Pailey, II. B. 
Ilecd, 0. W. Aylsworth and S. C. Freeman. 
The mere attendance of these men at the 
convention was sufficient proof of their zeal 

in the cause, for a trip fi-om Fort Wayne to 
Bluffton those times, and especially at that 
season, was fraught with great difficulties. 
In sonic places the roads surpassed descrip- 
tion. It was really amusing to see one of the 
horses walk on a pole and step on stumps, 
while another would be standing still with 
his head stuck into the mud up to his eyes, 
apparently meditating whether it were better 
to give up or make anotlicr effort to get out. 
Poor Hamlet ! 

On arrival at Bluft'ton the delegates found 
some of the citizens in favor of a plank road 
to Fort Wayne, and some opposed, favoring 
a railroad instead; but the latter were readily 
convinced that a railroad was im]iracticable 
at that early day, and joined the others in 
the plank-road enterprise. They combined 
their forces and pledged themselves to build 
ten miles of the road, and, if possible, to the 
county line. 

We have not space here to give all the 
particulars that followed. Suffice it to say 
that the road was planked from Blufl'ton to 
Fort Wayne between 1852 and 1856, e.xcept 
in some places it was graveled only, kept in 
repair for a number of years, toll paid on it, 
and then it was suffered to run down. 

As early as 1840 to 1850 railroad projects 
were talked of, various routes proposed, etc., 
but the people here were too poor to build 
them, and Eastern cajjital was busier with the 
main lines running east and west, north 
of us. 

Fort Wui/ne, Cincinnati cfc Louisville. — 
Tiic route for this line, popularly known as 
the " Muncie Railroad," was surveyed through 
this county as early as 1852; but, before the 
work of construction actually commenced, the 
war came on and interrupted all railroad 
enterprises. In looking over the old files of 
the Blufi'ton newsj)aj)ers, one constantly meets 
with tiie characteristic, universal wail of 

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" liow long, lidwlong sliull we linvc tn wait 
for tliose Eastern men to iro ulieaJ and hniUl 
tlie railroad, as tliey have encouraf^ed ns to 
believe they wonld," interspersed with a 
setting forth of the advantages of a railroad 
" through this point" and to a certain other 
point beyond us, and with exhortations to the 
people to wake up and take an interest in it, 
and with news of some railroad meeting 
somewhere, or interview with some railroad 
magnate at some distant point, where some 
encouragement was cuntingently expressed. 
These contingencies were generally some 
complications with other railroad companies 
or rigiits of way or local aid. The same may 
be said of the " Narrow Gauge " route. 

In 1867-'6S Messrs. Hugh Dougherty, 
John Studabaker and others took the Muncie 
route in liand and soon had the road built. 
They tirst signed bonds to the amount of 
!?100,00(), then canvassed the county fur 
support, finally securing the endorsement of 
the board of county commissioners, who 
made an appropriation of the above amount. 
The work of construction then went rapidly 
on to completion. 

As the track was being laid south from 
Fort Wayne, on a]iproaching the county line, 
great excitement prevailed in IJlutfton, and a 
pleasant strife was indulged in for being the 
tirst tu lay a tic within the limits of Wells 

On Tuesday, October 12, 1S6'J, a great 
procession, with a band of music, cannon, 
etc., went with wagons to the point, 
where a dinner was enjoyed, etc., and when 
the critical moment arrived, lion. Newton 
J3urwell and J. Gerry Smith (the JJunncr 
editor) carried a tie to the county line, or a 
little south of it as they thouglit, and dropped 
it in place. Next came W. B. Wolfe and J. 
J. Todd with a tie and laid it, claiming that 
Bnrwcll t^' Smitli's tie was not far enough 

south to be ill Wells (bounty. TNTany others 
also laid ties, continuing for several rods, 
amid music and cheers and roaring of cannon 

fJy previous agreement, the lionor of driv- 
ing the first two spikes was conferred upon 
Colonel Hall, of IJluffton, and James Metts, 
of ilnrray. This occurred at lialf past three 
o'clock in the afternoon. Similar scenes 
occurred November 10 following, as the 
track reached Bluffton, at 11:30 a. m., where 
the first spikes were driven by Jolin Studa- 
baker, then the oldest citizen, and by William 
Blufi'ton ]\[iller, the eldest male child born in 
this town, l^ively addresses were delivered 
by Levi Mock (then mayor), J. J. Tudd, T. 
W. Wilson and others, a free dinner was 
given in Studabaker's new warehouse, silver 
cornet bands played, everybody shouted, and 
the "Little Giant" cannon fairly split its 
throat in endeavoring to overtop the 
noise of the crowd. Indeed, it blew 
itself all to pieces, knocking even the wheels 
of its carriage to splinters, and vet, provi- 
dentially, no one was killed, and but one or 
two injured! 

It should be stated, before closing, that 
John Studabaker, above referred to, was for 
a time a director of this road, and W. W. 
Worthington, of Fort Wayne, has been su- 
perintendent nearly from the l)cginning, under 
whose management the line is well conducted. 
Mr. Dougherty continued to aid the road on 
its southward extension, until connection 
was ma<le at Connersville with the Cincin- 
nati, Hamilton & Dayton road. For a time 
the name was the " Fort Wayne, Muncie & 
Cincinnati Railroad." 

The capital stock of this road is now 
$4,000,000. In Wells County there are now 
24.95 miles of track, assessed at $3,500 per 
mile, besides side-track, and $800 per mile 
for rolling stock. The line lias generally 




o 1; li.c : : - ■ ! I- ' !•! 





yielded dividends, but of cuurse not so large 
as the east and west lines. 

Toledo, St. Louis tf' Kansas City. — As 
just intimated, an east-and-west line of rail- 
road has ever been thought to he the greatest 
desideratnni in resjieet to thoroughfares. 
Accordingly, a movement was set on foot, 
immediately after the completion of tlie Mun- 
cie Railroad, for the building a narrow-gauge 
railroad running from Toledo to some west- 
ern metropolis, through Wells County, under 
the impression that such a road could l>e 
more cheaply built, and more cheaply oper- 
ated after it was built. 1'lie long-delaying, 
soul-sickening hide-and-seek, now-you-see-it- 
and now-you-don't performances of various 
supposed capitalists, including the presi- 
dents (?), " Colonel " Thomas 8. Sprague, and 
others, have characterized the early history 
of this line to an unusual extent. The nu- 
merous chameleon changes and skillful pres- 
tidigitations of the various "companies," 
biiilding or proposing to build the various 
links between Toledo and the Great AVest, 
genei'ally are too tedious to relate here, and 
in fact uncalled for._ Even the names of the 
routes are too numerous to catalogue here, the 
most ]jrominent of which have been the To- 
ledo, Cincinnati t't St. Louis," and for short 
the " Narrow-Gauge Kailroad." The links 
which now constitute it have also had vari- 
ous names. 

^lay we be pardoned for relating, in this 
C(Uinection, what took place in a niutfton 
Sunday-school, illustrating tlie long and in- 
tensely felt desire of the citizens to have this 
line of road hurried up? It is related that 
a Sunday-school teacher had a boy in her 
class who had not failed in his ])enn3' contri- 
bution for more than a year; and when he 
was found empty-handed one Sunday, his 
teacher observed, " Why, Jcihnny, did you 
forget your penny to-day 1" " No, ma'am," 

he humbly replied, " but father says the Nar- 
row-Gauge Kailroad will do this town more 
good than any fourteen Sunday-schools; and 
1 am going to chuck my coppers into that 
enterprise fur the ne.\t few weeks." "Won't 
the heathen miss your pennies?" she asked. 
" I suppose they will; but we've got to come 
right down for this road or this town is 

Well, to condense the history of AVells 
County's connection with this road into a few 
lines, let it be sullicieut to say that Messrs. 
Hugh Dougherty, James CrosbyjAV. J. Craig, 
clerk of the AV^clls County court at that time, 
an<l others of other distant points, took hold 
of the enterprise in 18 — , and, under the 
new law enabling townships to vote aid or 
take stock, raised the money on their indi- 
vidual credit, and soon built the road from the 
State line to AVai-ren, the first train reach- 
ing Bluffton in August, 1879. 

The present nauie of this road, given at 
the head of this section, was adopted by the 
new company last year, and it is determined 
now to widen the track to the standard 
gauge, run through trains to Kansas City, 
and bring the whole line up to first-class con- 
dition. It has already been greatly improved 
within the last few months. It has fifteen 
miles of track in Wells County, assessed at 
$2,000 per mile, and is also assessed at $025 
per mile for rolling stock, and $550 for im- 
provements and right of way. 

CliiciKjo tt' Atlaiitiv. — This line was pro- 
]>osed about 1872. The next year Wells 
County voted by 247 majority for aid to this 
road, but before it had the op])ortunity to 
repeat the old history of hope-deferring 
hide-and-seek with other companies, local aid 
and links, etc., etc., a solid company of East- 
ern capitalists seized it and pushed it through, 
completing it from Mai'ioii, Ohio, to Chicago. 
Instead, however, of passing through Elurt- 

I. 'J 






toil, lis tlic citizens hero hoped, it struck ww 
iiKlepeiulent <iir line iVuni J)ec!itnr tu Ilnnt- 
ington, leaving our county seat about five 
miles to the south. Coniincnced business with 
through trains in t'lih', 1S<SI!. 

The Chicago it Atlantic connects at ila- 
rioii, Ohio, with the New York, Pennsylva- 
nia ct Ohio for the Atlantic seaboard. In 
Wells County it has 13. SO miles of track, ex- 
clusive of sidings, assessed at >n8,U00 per 
mile; rolling stock, .i;2,500 per mile; im- 
provements and right of way in the county, 

Besides the above roads there are two or 
three other companies organized to build 
railroads througli Wells County; as, the 
" Ijlufl'ton iV Logansport " line, to be a link 
connecting with a line from AV^lieeling, "West 
Virginia; and the •• illutfton, Kokomo it 
Southwestern, with a dii'ectory ctmsisting of 
such eminent names as llobert G. IngersoU, 
Joseph E. ]\[cDonald, James il. Quigley, Syl- 
vester II. Kneeland, Francis j\[. Russ, etc., 


Tiie tirst court-house was situated on the 
west side oi ALain street, between Market and 
Wal)ash streets. It was built of scjuare hewn 
logs, was two stories high, the tirst tloor 
being occupied for courts and all sorts of 
meetings, and the up}ier by one or two coimty 
offices that were in existence at that time. 

June 18, 1838, the commissioners ordered 
that John It. Greer, county agent, should adver- 
tise for the letting and building of a court-house 
in Bluti'ton, on the tirst day of August next. 
Specitications: The house to be builtof hewn 
logs, 1.8x24: feet, two stories high, and covered 
with three-foot boards, nailed on; floor to be 
oak or ash; with six twelve-light windows, four 
below anil two above, and stairs to upper 
room. Also one jail, of hewn timber one 
foot srpiare, 18x20 feet, two stories high. 

^yKf^9a:^Vi^,ia »xf,, 

These structures were accordingly built, 
and were therefore very similai' in appear- 
ance. 'I'hey were erected by Davitl Whit- 
man, an old farmer I'Csiding out in the country 
a few miles. The jail was situated some 
twenty rods to the south, on the southwest 
corner of the lot, where the pi-esent court- 
house now stands. Both these buildinijs were 
destroyed by fire man}' years ago. 

April 24, 1843, the board of commissioners 
contracted with Almoii Case for the construc- 
tion of the second and present court-house, at 
So, 000. lie sold the contract to George W. 
Webster, of Marion, Indiana, who completeil 
the structure in 1845; it was accepted by the 
board October 4, that year, and at the time it 
was one of the finest court-houses in Northern 
Indiana; hut the times have now far out- 
grown it. It is built of brick manufactured 
near by, fronts the east, with four large, tall 
columns in front, charactei-istic of the acre in 
which it was built, is two stories high, the 
lower for court and the upper for county of- 
fices; but the upper story is partly abaTidoned. 
The county offices are in snndler brick build- 
ings adjoining or on the premises. Tlie 
citizens wish they felt able to erect a new 
structure in keeping with the demands of the 
county work. 

About the years 1855-'56, a brick jail was 
built a little south of the court-house, but it 
is now temporarily occupied by some of the 
county offices. 

The third and present jail and sheriff's res- 
idence was built in 1880, at a cost of ^21,400, 
and is a fine structure. Its extreme dimen- 
sions are 44x80 feet, and 75 feet from the 
ground to the toj) of the spire; twostories hio-h, 
mansard roof, of slate, cellar throughout, 
walls of brick, and the exterior of the French 
renaissance style is very attractive. Prison 
wall lined with one-fourth inch boiler iron. It 
is situated one square southwest of the court- 



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«iH«;^Gi:«ii»='«1>a^^M?|iM «•» J»ui"*^««iii"15^?«iB"«*««^« ¥«« fe?nir^ ifc]^Ga'!ir^i^ia.«a!^ai r^-i*iO«BMi*ii:*J 


lionse. Joimthaii P. Smith, of I'lnffton, con- 
tractor, and E. J. Hodgson, of Indianapolis, 

The infirmary is a few miles southeast (if 
Biutl'ton, on the southwi'st i]narter of section 
23, Harrisdii Townsliij). The fai-in, com- 
prising 150 acres, was pnrcliased in 1804; 
125 acres are in cultivation. The building 
is a new, substantial brick edifice, of modern 
style, comjdeted in 1875, at a cost of about 
§^10,000, and will accommodate eighty per- 
sons. The value of the building and farm is 
estimated at about s2S,0()0. Average num- 
lier of inmates, furty to fifty. Present sujier- 
intendent, Amos liowe, with a salary of !>500 
per annum. 

The County Library, comprising about 
800 vohimes, is sustained by the interest ac- 
cruing from the fund established by setting 
apart ten per cent, of the proceeds of the 
original sale of lots in the P)luifton plat. Tlie 
library is at ])resent kept in the office of the 
cuunty surveyor, and is in his charge. The 
use ot the boijks is free to the public. 


The first school in "Wells County, as already 
mentioned, was taught by Jesse J>. McGrew, 
in 1837, on the farm of Adam ]\Iiller, above 
Pluffton, on Si.x-mile Creek, on the south 
part of section 11, Harrison Township. An- 
other scliool, one of the earliest if not the 
second, was taught on a place adjoining the 
above, where David Powell's old tannery 
building now is, in a log house 11x18 feet, 
with clapboards held on by weight-poles, 
seats arranged in a semi-circular form around 
the fire-place, and writing desks of Jiewn 
slabs pinned to the wall. In 18il a school- 
liouse was built on the land of William 
Studabaker, north of Bluffton. It had a 
stove. Charles Grimes, a good teacher, tauglit 
the first school here, for §30 to §38 per 

term of seventy-eight days. After this Lewis 
Prillaman and Abraham Studabaker taught 
at the same place. In 1843 a school-house 
was erected on the land of Thomas W. Van 
Horn, about four miles above Biutl'ton, where 
the teachers were Henry Prillaman, John II. 
Moore and Ellison C'overt. 

All these early schools were supported by 
private subscription, and were good schools. 

Other early teachers were Charles F. 
Cruikshank, Absalom Brewster, Asa Coho, 
George C. Fellows, James Turner, AV. P. 
!Maun, Henry Atchinson and James Ferguson. 
Ann Jtaria Fields, prior to 1850, taught 
school in a house in the rear of T. L. AVisner's 
present residence; and she often used to say 
that she had to use "birch tea'' in order to 
]ireserve the peace. 

For many years now there has not been a 
log school-house in the county. 

The first school commissioner. Judge AV. 
II. Parmalee, was an energetic, etficient 
officer. He received $238.79 for scliool 
purposes, but how the money was obtained 
the records do not show. 

Such were the beginnings. Now let us 
glance at the stage of educational work the 
])eople of AVells County have attained. 
There are now in the county 6,763 children 
of school age, 3,554 males and 3,209 females; 
fifty-one brick school-houses, and fifty-seven 
frame, which, with the apparatus, furniture 
and grounds, are valued at §105,185; total 
number of pupils enrolled, 5,810, and average 
daily attendance, 4,093; total amount of tui- 
tion funds July 31, 1886, §51,234.55. The 
total indebtedness of the respective schools of 
the county for the year ending at the above 
date was §668.60. 

Mr. Ernst, the present county superin- 
tendent, publishes aimually a manual of the 
schools, comprising the names and postoffice 
address of the members of the county board 

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of education, an ontliiic of tlic Indiana Bcliool 
system, name and locality of tlie State educa- 
tional institiitions, schedule of school otHcers, 
an account of the pernumeut school funds of 
the State, course of stuily, calendar of school 
officers' dutie?, rules for teachers and pupils, 
grade outfit, text books adopted by the county 
board, enumeration of school children by 
townships, statistics of school property, 
tuition funds by townships and the roll of 

Teacliers' institutes have been held amui- 
ally or oftener since about the year 1852, and 
since 1875 normals of six to ten weeks' dura- 
tion have lieeii lielil durin<^' the summer at 
I'luffton, conducted by the county su]K'rin- 


Reference has already Ijcen made to the 
political temperance movement of 1874:-'75, 
when the "crusade" wave struck AVells 
County, but not in the " Mother Stew-art " 
form; it was in a mild political form. Tem- 
perance lectui-es and signing of temperance 
pledges have been in voi^ue here from earliest 
day, but there have been thiX'C great move- 
ments. The first is the one we have just 
alluded to, when among the leaders were 
Newton I'.urwell, William Perdue, Dr. J. 0. 
Fulton, .lolm Alexander, John Ilyall, A. T. 
Place, Jonathan Lowery, A. N. C'oddington, 
William Bloxsom, James S. AVilliams, Moi'- 
rison P. Walker, Isaac Marshall, Charles 
EUingham, Allison Fidton, John S. Goodin, 
D. K. Ilanna, D. II. Griffith, Elias Rinear, 
B. E. Merriman, John Chaltant, Dr. Sewell, 
William Stobie and others. The animus of 
this movement was to operate through statu- 
tory law, as well as b}- moral suasion. 

On the other hand, on a subsequent occa- 
sion, in June, 1S77, George A. Barry, of 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, visited Blufftoii, 
representing the moral suasion principle on 

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la ~ siitm Vja ~»i~aU'^i« ^«< ? 

the ]\Iurphy plan, when over 1,800 signed 
the pledge, 300 of whom had been drunkards 
or drinking men. To secure the permanency 
of this revival a society was organizetl, wifli 
AVilliam Blackstone for president; Robert 
R. Harvey, recording secretary; Frank T. 
Waring, corresponding secretary; and an 
executive committee consisting of Hugh 
Dougherty, W. W. AVisell, ^V. J. Craig, 
George E. Gardiner and Elza II. Justus. It 
was called the Bluffton Temperance Union. 

As a third revival, the old plan of legal 
prohiliition is looming up again, encouraged 
by its success in other States and localities, 
and by the tremendous increase of the ])rohi- 
bitioii vote on the luitional ticket from 1880 
to 188-4, a leap from 11,000 to 100,000 in 
the United States. The labor party, however, 
especially in the cities, are at jjresent draw- 
ing heavily from tlie prohibition element. 
The plan in AVells County is to operate 
through the old parties first, and, that failing, 
tlien strike out independently. 

The total population of AVells County, in 
1860, was 10,844; 1870, 13,585; 1880, 18,- 
442. j\s it is still increasing, it must be 
over 20,000 by this time. Number of males 
in 1880, 9,547; females, 8,895; number of 
males of military age (eighteen to forty-four 
inclusive], 3,821; males over twenty-one 
(voting population), 4,540. 

Nativity: American, 17,851; foreign, 591. 
Of the American-born Indiana furnishes 11,- 
879; Ohio, 3,958; Pennsylvania, 991; New 
York, 136; Illinois, 86; Kentucky, 83. Of 
tlie foreign-born, German}' supplies 206; 
Ireland, 133; England and Wales, 55; Scot- 
land, 26; British America, 16; France, 1; 
Sweden and Norway, 1. 

The i)Opuiation by townships in 1880 was: 
Chester, 1,068; Harrison, -43,089 (including 






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lilurt'toii, with 2,354, iind Vera Cruz witli 
200); Jackson, 1,490; Jefferson, 2,202; Lan- 
caster, 1,800; Liberty, 1,752; Nottingiiam, 
2,057; Hock Creek, 1^412, and Union, 1,000. 

The assessment of real and personal prop- 
erty in 1884 was: 231,098 acres of land in 
the county, valued at ^8,177,035; improve- 
ments, §795,005; lots, §203,545; improve- 
ments, §374,015; Personal propert}', §1,- 
508,105, polls, 3,497. Total value of taxable 
].roperty, §0,178,805. 

Agricultural statistics are given under the 
head ''Agricultural." 

fiTUKR rrKMS. 

In the autumn of 1871, when devastating tires 
raged so furiously throughout Michigan, Wis- 
Cousin and Chicago, similar destruction from 
the same source was witnessed throughout 
AVells County. From October 3 to 10 the 
woods were on fire in many places, often 
breaking over into the treasured property of 
the farmer or the lumberman. Fences, 
barns, ha}', lumUer-yards, etc., were burned in 

considerable numbers, and it was only with 
great difficulty that many residences were 
successfully' ])rotected. P^verything combus- 
tible had been drying and ''seasoning" so 
long and so thoroughly that the copious 
rain of the morning of the 10th put only an 
apparent or temporary stop to the pi-ogress 
of the consuming element, for in a few days 
it broke out again and did immense damage, 
until fields, roads and water-courses put a 
final check to its sway. 

^[arch 20, 1880, two and three miles south 
and west of Blufl'ton, a violent wind de- 
molished houses, barns and timber in great 
quantities. It tore up jam piles, tore doioii 
large oak trees, and switched every movable 
object around like straws. Happily, no lives 
were lost, but many had a very narrow 
escape, with small bruises. Probably tlie 
most violent storm that ever visited Wells 

In 1873 a wall map of Wells County, four 
feet by five, was published by a Philadelphia 
firm. On one corner is a map of liluffton. 

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"OME we now to the eeii- 
'~- tral pointof our history, 
the beautiful city uu 
tlie bluftV, named from 
-^^ its situation. The name 
was suggested by K. C. 
Bennett, Sr., not be- 
cause the blutfs liere are particu- 
hirlyliigh,aljrupt or conspicuous, 
^^^ but merely IVoni tlie fact that 

^§iM% the town is situated on the bluff 


side of the river. The name 
'• Bluff'ton" first appears on the 
records in 1S38. 

Under the head "County Gov- 
ernment" an account is given of the location 
of the county seat at this place. 

The original jdat of Bluil'ton was surveyed 
in March, 1S3S, liy John ("asebeer, tlie ap- 
pointed cijimty surveyor, and Jatnes U. (ireer, 
the county agent, laid out I'Jl lots. Tlic 
plat was rccoi'dcd ^Farch 23. At the June 
session following, the county coinniishioners 
onlered the agent to begin the sale of lots on 
the 10th of that month, and to continue from 
day to day until all were sold. Only the alter- 
nate ones, howevei', were to be sold, and three 
or four were reserved for Alnion Case, in con- 
sideration of entertainino; \'isitors at the sale. 

It was provided that the purchasers should 
have the privilege of cutting all timber that 
miglit endanger themselves or their property. 

The day arriving, the first lot sold for ;SU:2, 
and others " in like ]jroportion." The sale 
was said to be very •' spirit"-ed, as the records 
show that ^Vlmon Case was allowed §D for 
whisky on that occasion, and James Scott 75 
cents for a jug of whisky. This liquor 
was furnished free to all in attendance, being 
handed around in a bucket and taken straight. 
All were more or less into.\icated. License 
had been granted Mr. Case, for $15, to keep 
tavern for one year. This was the first tav- 
ern license issued in the county, and in those 
days a tavern license included the license to 
retail whisky by the drink. Ilis tavern was 
succeeded liy the " Exchange Hotel," on the 
southeast corner of Main and ^larket streets, 
where it still stands, a charactci-istic relic of 
"tavern" days. It was a noted stopping 
]ilace in the days of stage coaches. 

'i\ii pci' cent, of the funds derived from tlie 
sale of lots was reserved foi' a county library, 
which institution is still kept up. 

August 16 following the county agent 
laid out an addition of fifty-six lots, since 
which time a number ot adilitions have been 

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Tlie next iiioiitli, Joliii Stii(lal)akcr, tlio tirst 
irit'icliaiit ill ]^>liifrt(in, (ilituiiici! iVuiii tlir coiri- 
missioiicrs license to sell nit;rcli;m(lise. ile 
ereeted a loi;- pen, with elaplmanl doors, 
wliere Triliolet's (.■lothinj^ store now stands, 
int(.) wliicli lie moved his meager stoe'k. 'J'liitj 
lie liartei-ed, instead of selling for cash, coon- 
skins and furs being tlie coininoii niediuin of 
exchange. Coonskiiis were practically legal 
tender, lie had no occasion for hiirglar- 
])roof safes. .\t about the same time the 
clerk's office was built, where ]5iig]i's drug- 
store now stands. These two fal)rics then 
Coinjjrised all the improvements on ^[arket 
street, and the view between them was ob- 
structed b}' timber of vari(Jiis dimensicms, so 
that strangers had generally to be piloted 
fioiu 1)110 to the other. 

In 1S40 r.luffton lia.l 2-25 inhabitants, 
while the county had 1,S22. 

The lirst trustees of lihitfton were Lewis 
S. Grove, Joseph A. "\Villi;ims, Englc Starr, 
"William Strode and Xelsoa Kellogg. The 
last named, wUo is still a resident of the 
jilace, was elected president, and Grove was 
apjiointed clerk. - 

Blulfton was incorporated February 12, 
1S51, since which time the following liave 
acted iis 


David Angel, 1851; Samuel Decker, 1852; 
J. II. IJackles, 1853; C. W. Beardsley, 1854; 
S. K. Karns, 1855; C. S. Hergan, 1850; J. 
E. I!rown, 1857; .1. R. McCleery, 1858; I. 
A. (nidard, 1859; W. 11. Ferguson, 1859; 
liobert Ilussell, 1860; Newton Biirwell, 
18Gl-'64:; John McFadden, 18G5-'Gr.; C. G. 
Quick, lSfi6-'(;7; N. Kellogg, 1868; Levi 
Mock, 1869; Levi Mock, 1873-76; William 
Blackstone, 1877-'78; David T. Smith, 1S79- 
'80; E. 0. Yaughn, 1881-'82; II. L. Martin, 
1883; James P. Hale, 1883 to tiie present. 

The clerks liave been: Theodore Ilortuii, 

1S51~'52; N. Kellogg, 1853-'58; T. II. 
Crosby, 1S59; .lolin North, 1873; N. T. 
Miller, 1874-'S0; V. L. Uobison, lS81-'83; 
iieiiedict IJurns, 1883 "86, since which time 
there has been a \acancy, the jilace being 
filled by the mayor. 

First councilmen, 1851: Thomas I^. A\'isiier, 
Bowen Hale, John Eby and C. T. ilel- 
slieimer; marshal, John Plessinger; treasurer, 
Erastus K. Bascom; street commissioner, 
George ]\IcDowell. 

Tlie inunicijjal year commences with the 
first of May. 

The first ordinances passed liy the council 
;dter the incorporation in 1851 were: 

1. Taxing each family for the first dog 50 
cents, and tor each additional dog, $1; also 
50 cents on each !?100 of real and personal 
property, and a ]>oll tax of 50 cents for 
street improvements. 

2. Imposing fines for driving or riding 
within the corporation faster tlian a common 
trot, e.xcept when going for a physician; 
shooting for sport, gambling or disorderly 
conduct, I'etailing spirituous li<p)ors in less 
quantities than a quart without a license from 
the corporation ; selling or giving liquors to 
minors or drunkards. 

l''rom the Repuhlican Bugle of 1849 we 
quote the following local market report, as a 
curiosity: AVheat, 50 cents; rye, 28 cents; 
corn, shelled, 25 cents; oats, 19 cents; fla.x- 
seed, 5(5 cents; butter, per pound, 8 cents; 
ginseng, 25 cents; beeswa.x, 18 cents; feath- 
ers, 25 cents; eggs, per dozen, 5 cents. 

For other first things in Blutftoii, see tlie 
section headed " Beginnings." 

Now, to see what advance this town has 
made, let us glance at its business interests. 

The ]>hice is beginning to don the style tif 
a city liy the erection of fine three-story 
business blocks, as the Curry, in which are 
the opera hall, postotticc, etc.; Tribolet's and 


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^[cFarreii's; the Centennial, built in 1870, 
and named from its bcinij erected during the 
centennial year of our national independence; 
in it are the Banner printing ollice, other 
oIKces and stores, etc., and the Hale lilock. 
This and McFarren's Block, tlie two latest, 
were erected in 1881. Tiie Centennial was 
opened with a public entertainment, at which 
our jolly fi'iend Todd represented himself in 
dress and manner as a man liaving lived hei'e 
a Jiundred years aiul witnessed all the changes 
as they occurred. One of his luimorous para- 
graphs was: "And I remember three men 
whom, in JTarch, 177G, I .saw sitting upon a 
sycamore log, eating peanuts, near the place 
where we now are, whilst they discussed 
the propriety of entering into matrimonial 
alliances. The result of their deliberations 
will best be known in the fact that my then 
youtiiful but now venerable friends, Hugh 
Dougherty, John North and F. N. Kellogg, 
are still living the life of celibacy." 

There are two building associations in 
WuH'ton, — the Excelsior, organized in 1883, 
and the Nonpareil, in 1886. Of the first, 
George F. AlcFarren is Pi-esident, and James 
P. Hale, Secretary. Of the other, J. J. Todd 
is President, and John B. Welty, Secretary. 

John Studabaker erected his capacious 
warehouse at the depot in 18G9, with two 
elevators. Size, 40 .x 80 feet, and a propor- 
tional height. This 3'ear he is shipping not 
less than a half million bushels of grain. 

The Exchange Bank is a flourishing in- 
stitution. In 185f! John Studabaker com- 
menced lending money and selling New Yoik 
exchange, in connection with his produce 
business; and in 1SG3 he, in company with 
George Arnold, Jefirev lUiss, Amos Town- 
send and James Van Emon, organized the 
First National liank, with a capital of §50,- 
000. In 1SG8 it closed business, aTid Janu- 
ary 1, I'^tjO, the present Exchange Bank was 

formed by John and Peter Studabaker and 
Hugh Dougherty. An incident in its history 
is Worth relating here. Some years ago this 
bank ordered a remittance of $5,000 by ex- 
press from Cincinnati. The package " said 
to contain" that amount was delivered here 
by the United States Express Company, but 
with nothing inside except slips of news- 
paper. The bank sued the company for re- 
covery, and after one or two adverse decisions 
linally succeeded in their suit, besides obtain- 
ing §475 as damages. 

The Blufl'ton Woolen Mills were built here 
many years ago, but were generally unprofit- 
able, except p)erhaps in the year 1873. In 
1879 they were burned, and never afterward 
rebuilt or succeeded by a similar institution. 
The loss by the fire was about §3,500, with 
no insurance. 

The oldest grist-mill in the place is the 
M'ater and steam mill of the Kenagy Brothers, 
at the foot of ilaiii street. It was built in 
184'J, by Williams & ]\Iorgan. Since their 
day it has passed through several hands. It 
has two run of Inirrs for wheat, one for corn, 
and one re-grindej'. All custom work. En- 
gine forty-horse power. 

J. T. Clayton, on South street, east of 
Main, was the first to introduce the roller sys- 
tem in Wells County, in the spring of 1886. 
The mill was erected a number of years be- 
fore the war, and the present proprietor has 
had it since 1861. Engine thirty-five-horse 
power. Capacity, seventy-five barrels of flour 
per day. Both custom and merchant work. 

D. lirown & Son's flouring mill, near the 
railroad bridge, has two run of burrs for 
wheat, and one for corn. Generally custom 
work, running nearly all the days in the year. 
It was built soon after tlie war period, since 
which time it has changed hands several 
times, the ])resent proprietors recently pnr- 
chasin'T C. S. Burgan's interest. 

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Tlie JJliiU'tiin Mamilac'tiiriiiL; C'diiipaiiy, or 
the t'orn-l'huitur and Wasliing-.Macliiiic ( 'oiii- 
paii}-, (if Dlull'tuii, has liad a cliL'cki'iXMl his- 
tory. It was lii'st l(iriiie<l in I'Vhruary, 1871, 
tor the HiaiHit'ac.tiiiX' of tlie A mtTiciin Coni- 
I'hiutei', iiiveiitt'il by Samuel .luiies, a poor 
blacksmith of the place, Dr. T. llorton fur- 
nishing tlie capital and the institution known 
as T. llorton's J^lanter Factory. In 1874, 
with twenty-seven workmen, they made 10,- 
000 corn-phmters; but Mr. Vuiidergritl' com- 
ing;; in as the chief operating partner, began 
to substitute elm for ash, and thus caused the 
enterjjrise to wane. Xext they added the 
manufacture of the " AW'stern AV^i.-^her," an 
excellent style of washing-machine, and dro\(J 
a iirolitalde business. Two of the partnei'S 
moving the entei'prise to a distant eastern 
point, on July 13, 1880, T. llorton, A\^ W. 
AVisell and AV. I. Fitch (foreman for many 
years) formed a company. They soon found, 
however, that to retain a liold on the market 
a rotary corn-planter must be invented, wliich 
was done; but trouble arising as to the pro- 
prietorship of the ])atent, the business was 
placed in the hands of a receiver for settle- 
ment, resulting in the sale of the machinery 
toWisell A: Fitch, wdio admitted Lee S. Kapp 
as a jiartner, rented the old building of T. 
llorton, assumed the ])resent name, and again 
went to work, adding to the coi-n-jilanter and 
washing-machine a variety of other house- 
hold and farm conveniences. In 1885 tliey 
moved into the old bending works. 

North ct ^[cDowell's saw-mill, like the 
boy's jack-knife, has been kept new by al- 
ternate substitution of parts, and is now doing 
a jjrosperous business, near the crossing of 
the railroads. Engine, si.xty-horse power. 
Employ inne hands in the mill and yard, and 
ofteji ship as numy as ten car-loads ])er week. 
Montgomery's saw-mill is a tew miles 
south of the preceding. 

\W I!. iN'imnions, a few I'ods still farther 
south, where Market street crosses the rail- 
road, manufactures staves and heading and 
ships them to J\'ew York. The mill was first 
iniiit on the south side of ]\larket street, for 
the manufacture of staves only, by several 
()hio parties and ilr. Nimmons; since 1873 
ilr. Nimmons has been sole proprietor. 
Fifty horse-power engine, and through the 
summer season as high as sixty men and bojs 
are employed about the mill and ^-ard. 

Jere North, dealer in iiard-wood lumber, 
on "Washington street, near the railroad, has 
a neat two-story brick factory, employs ten 
U> twenty hands, with a forty lioj'se-power 
engine, and turns out hubs, spokes and ium- 
bei- in all its branches. Building erected in 
1870, by G. AV. P.recken ridge, of Fort Wayne. 
In 1876 he sold to J. North «fc l!ro., and 
since 1884 the present proprietor has been 
alone in the management of the business. 

The McKendry Stave Comjiany (C. War- 
ren and C. A. McKendry) are manufacturers 
of and dealers in slack-barrel staves and head- 
ing, at the junction of South street with the 
railroad. Mill was established in 1877 by 
J. E. and C. A. McKendry (father and sou), 
with a seventy-Hve horse-power engine. In 
.June, 1884, C. Warner formed a partnersliip 
with C. A. McKendry, and retained a part 
of the machinery, while the elder ilcKendry 
took the remainder to Muncie. The works 
here have been enlarged from time to time, 
and the company employ about thirty-five 
liands on an average. 

Frank Adams, in the same line of business, 
has recently (December, 188G,) started a mill 
a few rods farther south, with a forty horse- 
power engine, and employs about seven 

John Dougherty & Co. have tlieir saw-mill 
at Keystone, and oHice on Market street near 
the railroad. They also have a hay-press in 


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Bluffton, south of the ^fcXemlry stave fac- 
tory, built in 1886, with a capacity of twelve 
tons, or one car-load, per day. 

The JJIutl'ton Shovel-handle AVorks is a neat 
little modern institution, erected hy Theodore 
Ilorton in 1S84, and managed hy J. il. 
Keyou, proprietor of the stock. Tliirty-tive 
horse-power engine. JS'ear the crossing of 
the railroads. Products shipped to Oliver 
Ames & Sons, JS'orth Easton, Massachusetts. 

Ge(M-ge W. Grimes is the proprietor of a 
foundry and machine shop, on the south side 
of AVashington street, near the railroad, where 
he manufactures boilers, engines, mill ma- 
chinery, architectural iron work, etc. lie 
also buys machinery to repair and sell again. 
Does rej)airing and inakes light and heavy 
castings in iron and brass. 

Henry Thoma, the longest in business at 
Bluti'ton, has been engaged in the furniture 
trade ever since 1854. 

The "City ISnilding," comprising the tire 
department, council-room, etc., is a tine two- 
story brick structure, erected in 1879. In 
the lire department are two chemical engines, 
two liose-carts and hook and ladder tackle, 
which, in connection with the Holly system 
of water works, constitute an ctKcient force 
in case of tire. Thej-e are twenty-live men 
regularly organized in the department, be- 
sides twent^'-tive volunteers, who are subject 
to call and serve without pay. 

The city water-works were built dui'ing 
the summer of 1886, at a cost of $17,755, 
and commenced oj)eration in September. 
Capacity, one million gallons every twenty- 
four hours. Pumping works stiition near the 
river and the eastern corporation line. Two 
and a fourth miles of water mains are laid, 
and thirty-three fire liydrants are in jiosition. 
AV^ater perfectly pure, coming from granitic 

AV^ashington Park is a pretty lot of ground 

in the southeastern portion of the city, where 
improvements have been begun. 

The iron bridge across the AV^abash, on 
Main street, was erected in ]\Iarch, 1887, at 
a cost of >;7,0()0, besides tlie masonry, .'i;5,0(.)0. 
Uridge put up by the Indiana Pridge Com- 
pany of Atuncie. 

The first bridge at Blutftou was a stovit 
frame, built near the dam; the second, also a 
frame, uncovered, was built on Main street; 
the third, a covered frame, was carried away 
in the winter of 1887; the present iron 
bridge is the fourth. 

One boring for natural gas has been made 
at this point, to the dejjth of 1,200 feet, at a 
cost of $1,600, but with no success, as the 
well was probably sunk into a partition wall. 
This has been at tlie expense of a private 
company, of which L. A. AVilliainson is presi- 
dent and AV. S- Silver, secretary. The enter- 
prise is abandoned only temporarily. Re- 
cently gas was struck at Hartford, only a few 
miles distant. 

The telephone was established at Plutftou 
in 1882. James Sale was the first manager; 
for the last three years 11. E. Fisher has been 

The first tavern in Bluffton, a log building 
kept by Almon Case, has already been men- 
tioned. The tecond was the Exchange Hotel, 
a frame building across the street east from 
the court-house, previously built for a resi- 
dence, where Mr. Case was also ])roprietor. 
It was built l>y Robert Collins I!ennett in 
1810, and it still stands, a striking illustra- 
tion of the architectural character of pioneer 
taverns. It was a noted stop])ing place in 
the days of stage coaches. 

The next in age is the present Central 
llnnse, kept by Moses Read, an accommo- 
dating landlord, who has been proprietor 
since 1885. The Oliver House, near the 
Presbyterian church, was opened September 

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1, 1S^75, by ;i public eiitertaimiieiit, and is a 
g'oiHl hotel. Tlie \Vil.son House is near the 

J'.ut the newest and by far the lai-fjest, 
mot-t niddei'ii and most snni|)tuously f'ur- 
nislied hotel in Uluil'ton is the Bliss House, a 
square scmth of the business center. It was 
built by Jeffrey Hliss, at a cost of about 
.$10,000. and opened in April, IHS-i, by James 
Humphrey, the present proprietor. James 
V\\ Runyan is clerk. Both these gentlemen 
ai'e by every natural endowment well fitted 
for the places they occupy. 

ti' - •' ■ '' SCHOOLS. 

The first school-house in Blnff'ton was a 
log building on the land of AVilliaui Studa- 
baker, the exact point being the northeast 
Corner of tlie lot now occupied by the resi- 
dence of Henry Thoma. Asa Colio, a kind 
of preacher of the g(«])el, was the first 
teachei'. At present there arc two brick 
scliool-liouses in Ulnflton. The princij>al one 
in its gronnd plan is a kind of double cruci- 
I'oi'm, is two stories high, and built and seated 
in modern style. In the building there are 
ten rooms and nine grades, and 550 pupils 
can be seated. The main building was erected 
in ISCi'J, and an addition made to it in 
1S7S. The cost of the building and furni- 
ture was !t;lC,700. The other is a two-room 
building, erected in 1882, in the southeast- 
ern part of the city, for the four primary 
grades, and is known as the Washington 
Park School. Total valuation of school prop- 
erty in Blnti'ton, ^15,300; apparatus, $1,100; 
number of pupils enrolled, 70-4; average at- 
tendance, 620. I*. A. Allen, superintendent. 


Methodht Episcopal. — The first Method- 
ist sermon in Bluftton, as already mentioned, 
WHS ])reached by Rev. George W. Bowers, 

imderneath a spreading oak at the foot of 
Johnson street, about the year 1S38. Mr. 
J5owers is yet living, in an adjoining county. 
The Methodists afterward held meetings in va- 
rious places in liluii'toii, until they erected a 
frame church at the intersection of ('herry 
and AVillianis streets, which they occupieil 
until the present church was built. The 
latter is a commanding brick edifice, 45.\80 
feet, on tlie southwest corner of Washington 
and William streets, with spire 1261 feet 
high; cost, $12,000; built during the minis- 
try of Rev. P. Carlan, in 1871-'72, and dedi- 
cated by Bishop Bowman October 13 of the 
latter year. Class-rooms are partitioned off', 
and the main audience room can be enlai-ged 
on occasion by throwing ojieii tlie arched 
doors leading into them. Windows are of 
beautifully stained glass. The parsonage 
was built in 1882, at a cost of $2,250. It is 
a large, fine building, with ten rooms, lat- 
ticed porch, cellar, etc. The church has been 
supplied since its organization with the fol- 
lowing pastors: 1888-'39, George W. Bow- 
ers; 1839-'-10, Seth Smith; 1840-'42, 
Joseph Ockerman; 1842-43, Henry H. 
Badley; 1843-'45, George Guild; 1845-'46, 
James Sparr; lS46-'47, Ansel Beach; 1847- 
'48, J. ('. Medsker; 1848-'4'J, William An- 
derson; 1849-'50, J. H. Pay ton; 1850-'51, 
William Blake; 1851-'52, W. S. Birch; 
1852-'53, William D. Ilines; 1853-'54, M. 
P.lack and J. C. R. Layton: 1854-'55, O. P. 
Boyden; 1855-'57, F. A. Sale; 1857-'58, R. 
A. Newton; 1858-'59, J. II. Payton; 1859- 
-'61, £. S. Preston; 1861-'63, J. H. 
Hutchinson; 1863-'64, C. P. Wright; 1864- 
'65, E. E. Pearman; 1865-'67, J. P. Nash; 
1867-'68, C. Disbro; 1868-'70, J. Greer; 
1870-'71, R. Toby; l871-'73, P. Carlaud; 
1873-'74, William Wilson; 1874-'76, C. 
Martindale; 1876-'79, N. Gillam; 1879-'81, 
J. E. Ervin; 1881-'84, H. J. Meek; 1884- 

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'86, 11. J. Liicey; 18«0, Milton Miihin, 1). 
D., present pastor. At present tlierc ai'e456 
nienihors witli the following class-leaders: 
J. V. Kenaijy, J. W. Baker, Ed. Bartleinay, 
J. L. Hall, Matilila Tlionia, Xuva Thomas, 
Mary J. Todd, P. A. Allen. R A. Allen is 
superintendent of the Snnday-school, which 
has an enrollment of 3 to scholars, with an 
average attendance of about 250. Besides, 
thei'e are several other auxiliary societies, as 
the Youn^' People's Union, the Wesleyans, 
the church social, etc., and about all the act- 
ive members of the church aie organized into 
committees on the various local interests of 
the church. A small manual is printed, 
giving all these particulars. 

T/ic I'mir'te Jft't/todifit Episcojxd (Jliurch, 
in Harrison Township, is a neat frame, 80 .\ 40 
feet, and well seated. It was built in 1866, 
during the ministry of llev. J. T. ^^'ash, with a 
membership of thirty. 

Thii Bethel Methodht Ejnscopal Church, 
also in Harrison Township, is a plain frame 
iniilding, will seat 300 persons, and was 
erected in 1862. 

The First I'reshyterlaii Chui-ch of Jiliitl- 
ton was ortjanized Auijust 24, 1844, with 
twenty-two members, by John II. Russ, who 
had Ijeen appointed by the Presbytery of 
iliami for that purpose. Puling elders, An- 
drew J. Piddle and Ilobcrt Marshall. Relig- 
ious services were held in the court-house, 
then a rude big structure. The pastors 
liave been: John 11. Rnss, August 24, 1844, 
to Deceinl)er, 1845; Aiulrew C. ilcClelland, 
six months of 1847; Wilson M. Donaldson, 
October, 1848, to April, 1860; Richard M. 
Jackson, 1860-'65; Thomas Wallace, 1865- 
'70; Wilson M. Donaldson, 1870-'72; John 
W. Drake, ^'ovember, 1873, to April lit, 
1875, when he suddenly died; I'^rederick 
Stovenour, 1875-'77; Norman Jones, 1878- 
'79; George G. Copeland, 1880-'83; Will- 

iam F. Matthews, November, 1882, to May, 
1885; George G. ^Mitchell, July, 1885, to 
Septembei', 1886, since which time there has 
been a vacancy. 

Present eklers, .Fames Orosbie, G. E. Ful- 
ton, G. E. Gardner and J. L. Myers. Trus- 
tees, James Crci^bie, President; Thomas 
Sturgis, Treasurer; David T. Smith, Secre- 
tary; James AV. Wilson, ^1. M. .Tu&tus and 
J. II. Ormsby. 

First house of worship built in 1853-'54; 
parsonage, costing, with appurtenances, 
-SI, 500, built in 1875; and the jiresent beau- 
tiful brick church was built in 1883-'84, at a 
cost of !5il3,000, including lot. Sunday- 
school ever since the year 1860, now aver- 
aging in attendance 249. Tiio Ruth Sewing 
Society,composed of married ladies, are raising 
funds to pay the church debt. Since 1883 
it lias paid over $1,000. The Cheerful Work- 
ers, comprising young ladies, have also done 
their share. 

During the forty-three years of this 
church's existence, 511 have been enrolled as 
members; there are now 199 members. 

TJie Bluffton, Baptist Church was organ- 
ized October 14, 1841. Constituent mem- 
bers — Fleming Johns, Elizabeth Johns, 
Rebecca Stahl, Henry P. Elston, Martha 
Grimes. Ministers present — Robert Tisdalo 
and Jesse Ooi-n. Fleming Johns was elected 
deacon, and Rev. Robert Tisdale chosen pas- 
tor, who served as such until February, 1842. 
The first accessions were Caleb and Agnes 
Ayres, December, 1843. The records for 
several years give but a very incorrect his- 
tory of the workings of the church. Some 
time in 1844 Rev. Tisdale was again chosen 
])nstor, and served as such until some time in 
IS47, ]neaching one Sunday in each month. 
The meetings were held at private dwellings 
of tlie members, there not being even school- 
houses at convenient jdaces. In August, 

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1844, the cluii-ch was received into tiie Sala- 
inoiiie River Associiitioii. Tlie first ineetin<; 
held ill Elnffton, as sliown by the records, 
was ill Deceinlier, IS-il. 

Kev. -I. J). Allen served as pastor from 
August, 1S4'J, to March, 1852; luiiiiber of 
ineuibeis at that time, thirty-seven. Kev. 
Abel Johnson served us ])astor from ]\Iarch, 
1S52, to June, 18li2; number at that time, 
sixty-nine. IJev. 8. (-Joodiii served as pastor 
from September, 1S62, to September, 1863. 
riev. W. \Y. Robison served from December, 
18G3, to December, 1874. From December, 
1874, to December, 1875, the church was 
supplied by Jievs. Clark and Virgil. 

During the pastorates of Ilevs. Johnson, 
Goodin and Robison the church had preach- 
ing most of the time twice in each month. 

In December, 1875, Rev. W. ^\ . Robison 
was again chosen pastor, preaching every 
yal)bath. Served as such until December, 
1^7li, at which time the number of members 
was about lUO. January, 1877, Rev. J. II. 
Reider was chosen pastor, and continued as 
such until January, 1885. February, 1885, 
Rev. AV. AV. Tinker was chosen pastor. Pres- 
ent number of members, 350. 

The church edifice is built of brick, 36.\50 
feet, and cost when completed in 1871 about 

Tin: First Reformed Clmrrh, of RlnfVton, 
was organized ]\Iarcli 1, 1884, in the Univer- 
salist church. The congregation is a body 
politic, and corporated according to the pro- 
vision of the statutes of the State of Indiana. 
Rev. J. L. Bretz had been called as its mis- 
sion pastor prior to its organization and in- 
corporation. The board of elders at this time 
elected were Messrs. David J\I. Shelly and 
Joseph Herbert, with George A. Ilarnish and 
William II. Funk as deacons, and George A. 
Harnish, J. H. Houtz and William H. Funk 
as the board of trustees. The former have 

tlic spiritual oversight of the congregation, 
the latter the temporal or secular. 

The society organized with twenty-five 
members. The congreg.ition has its house of 
worship on the corner of AVashington and 
Oak streets. The congregation being numeri- 
cally weak, it was deemed advisable to con- 
nect it with two country congregations, which 
together form a pastoral charge, and jointly 
own a desirable home or parsonage on AVest 
A\'^abash street, where its pastor resides as 
long as he continues their pastor. 

The congregation at present numbers about 
fifty members. Rev. W. II. Xanders is its 
present pastor. xVbraham Mast and David 
A. Shelby are ruling elders, and Ben. Asbani- 
her and Charles Kaltwasser are deacons. 

Rev. J. L. Bretz served the congregation 
from January, 1883, to J[arch, 1886 — about 
three years and twb months. 

The present pastor. Rev. AV. II. Xanders, 
assumed the duties on Xovember 1, 1886. 
After the resignation of the Rev. J. L. Bretz, 
the Rev. A. L. Ilessler supplied the congre- 
gation with preaching until it had a regular 
pastor settled over it. The present member- 
ship, althouffh not larire in numbers, is zeal- 
oiis, and the prospect for greater prosperity 
is bright. 

The First C'/irisfia/i VJnirch, of Bluffton, 
was organized April 8, 1883, by Rev. W. D. 
Samuel, who was the first jiastor. Rev. C. V. 
Strickland was pastor from August 1, 1883, 
to August 1, 1885, since which time Mr. 
Samuel has again had charge of the congre- 
gation. There are now about 160 members, 
with a Sunday-school of about 100 scholars; 
S. F. Ratlitf, superintendent, who is also 
treasurer of the church. Frank Straw is 
clerk. The principal revivals have been in 
the winters of 1884 and 1886, when there 
were thirty accessions to the church, and in 
the winter of 1887, when there were twenty- 









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one. The cluirch edilicc is a neat frame, 
85 X 60 feet in dimeiisiuns, Imilt in 1SSJ-, at 
the corner of Cliei-ry ami ^lorgan streets, at 
a cost of abont s2,500. 

The Sic-Milc Cliristian Clairch, wliich 
meets aljout three miles above Elufl'ton 
(southeast), was organized Septembers, 1838, 
by Elder Hal let Earber, and is conseciiiently 
one of the oldest religions societies in "Wells 
County. Tlie tirst deacons were James and 
Anthony Atchison and James Eayman. 
David Whitman and 'Squire Thomas AV. 
Van Horn were also members. Elder Bar- 
ber, who lived at Kockford, this county, ilied 
with the Asiatic cholera about 1850, and was 
buried in the Mossburg grave-yard, lie was 
an industrious laliorer in bis Master's vine- 
yard, having in pioneer times to wade through 
swamps, swim rivers, travel unbroken roads, 
etc., to make the rounds on his large circuit. 

Other early preachers at this point were 
Elders James Atchison, Elislia Ashley, John 
Kobertson, Noah Michael, Henderson Graves 
and others. 

Tlie present meinbership is 140. Deacons 
— Abraham Studabaker, Lewis Prillaman and 
Jacob Smith. Sunday-school in the summer, 
with an average attendance of fifty-one last 
year. Henry Markley is superintendent. 

Their first church was a log structure, 
about a mile and a half south of the present 
building, on the southeast corner of 'Squire 
Van Horn's land, and was built about 181:0. 
Their present house of worship is a t'rame 
building that will seat 300 persons, and was 
erected in ISu'J. Rev. Kendall West, a resi- 
dent, has been pastor of this church since 
August, 1885. 

Unicer&alist. — The first Universalist 
preaching in Ijlufi'ton was by Revs. Jonathan 
Kidwell and McCune, in 1843-'44:; also 
among the pioneers were Revs. William J. 
Chaplin, Mr. Mcrrilield, H. B. Manford, Mr. 

Curry and others. While Mr. i\IcCane was 
here he held a public discussion on Univer- 
salism with Adan\ Hatfield, a Presbyterian 
layman, at Murray; and Mr. Chaplin held 
one at I'.luffton, with Rev. Mr. Moss, of the 
Christian church. The newspaper debate 
between AVilson M. Bulger, Universalist, and 
Samuel Kenagy, Methodist, both laymen, is 
noticed on a previous page. 

The first Universalist church society was 
organized Aug\ist 9, 1855, with twenty-iive 
members, by Rev. Chaplin; William Bulger 
was appointed clerk; Amos Townsend and 
James Dailey, wardens; Bowen Hale, Michael 
Ivarns and C. S. Burgan, trustees. In 1878 
the church was revived under the ministra- 
tions of Rev. Marion Crosby, at which time 
their house of worship was erected, on Cherry 
Street, 32.\45 feet in size, at a cost of about 
62,000. It was dedicated May 16, 1880, by 
Rev. II. AV. Hanson, of Chicago, assisted by 
the pastor, Rev. AVilliam Tucker. Rev. L. J. 
Spencer was pastor from 1884 to September, 
1885, and Rev. N. A. Saxton from that time 
to the present, being employed to preach 
every Sunday until March, 1888. This is 
evidence that the church is growing stronger, 
as preaching could be sustained before his 
time but twice a month, by Rev. Spencer, 
and before that only once a month, by Rev. 
Tucker. Present membership, fifty-five, 
Sunday-school attendance, about ninety. I. 
II. Clifton, clerk of the church; trustees, 
Dr. C. T. Melsheimer, James P. Deani and 
^lary Oppcnheim. 

St. Joseph. Catholic Church, a frame 30x50 
feet, at the corner of AVilliains and Cherry 
streets, was dedicated by Bisho]) Dwenger, of 
Fort AVayne, in 1875. It cost about $;1,500. 
The congregation was first organized about 
the same time, as a mission church, with 
about live families. There are now about 
eighteen families, besides a few individuals. 





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Father Ft rdiiiand Koerdt, of " Jllntftoii 
Road," or Sheldon, Allen County, has hcen 
the priest since 1876. Preeedin<^ him there 
had hcen TJevs. WenihofV, ATyers, Walters 
and AVMlkins. Mass once ;i month; also 
catechetical instruction. 

In connection with this churcli are four 
au.xiliary societies; as, the St. Joseph Society, 
which has heen in operation eiyht years, 
each member l«iying 25 cents a month, for 
school and other ]iur]H)ses; the Altar Society, 
consisting of women who ]iay $1.20 a year 
to keep up the altar; also in operation eight 
years; the Society of the Sacred Heart, started 
in 1883, consisting of boys; and^the Society 
of the Infant Jesus, comprising all the youth 
and children who pay one cent a month for 
missionary purposes. 


Blvfton Lodge, No. 11,5, F. cfc A. M., 
was organized under dispensation February 
3, 1853, with A. W. Sanford, W(jrshipful 
Master; O. P. Gilham, Senior Warden; John 
Jforgan, Junior AVarden. The charter was 
granted May 25, following, when 0. P. Gilham 
was installed as Worshipful Master; James 
R. !McCleery, Senior Warden, and John Mor- 
gan, Junior Warden. The nuisters who have 
since presided have been Amos Townseiid, 
T. L. Wisner, Newton Burwell, J. Sliarpe 
Wisner, J. J. Todd, Jere North, J. K. Ben- 
nett, C. Warner and J. W. Sjjake, the present 
Worshipful Master. Present membership, 
aljout 100. Present otticers: J. W. Spake, 
Worshipful Master; AVilliain Beer, Senior 
Warden; CM. Miller, Junior AVarden ; II. 
Thoma, Treasurer; A. Townsend, Secretary; 
J. G. McCleery, Senior Deacon, Ernst Wieck- 
ing. Junior Deacon; S. M. Karns, Tyler. 

Bluff ton Chapter, No. 05, R. A. J\I., 
was instituted September 19, 1876; dispensa- 
tion granted the preceding day, appointing 

T. L. AVisner, High Priest; AV. B. W\\hv, 
King, and AV. AV. Angel, Scribe; charter 
dated ( )ct(.iber 19 following, naming as ofKcers, 
T. J.. Wii^ner, High Priest; W. V>. .A[iller, 
King; AV. AV. Angel, Scribe, who served 
until December 29, same year, when the 
following were elected: T. L. AVisner, High 
Priest; I). E. Bulger, King; E. M. ('ook, 
Scribe; Jere North, 0. II.; J. J. Todd, P. S.; 
J. AV. Zebrung, K. A. C; AV. J. Craig, M. 
3d v.; AV. AV. Angel, M. 2d A^; G. T. 
Koclier, ^I. 1st Y.; S. Oppenheim, Treas- 
urer; H. L. AVisner, Secretary; M. M. Bas- 
sett. Guard. T. L. AVisner was high priest 
until December, 1881; then Horace L. 
AVisner two years, J. J. Todd one year, J. P. 
Hale two years, and J. II. Clifton was elected 
December, 1886. Alembership has increased 
from nine to tifty-five. Pegular meetings 
Monday of or preceding each full moon. 

Crescent Chapter, No. J^S, 0. E. S., was 
organized March 24, 1881, holding its first 
regular meeting four days afterward. The 
ofiicei-s at that time were, Caroline Daven- 
port, AVorthy Matron; J.J. Todd, AVorthy 
Patron; JIary E. ]\[ason. Associate Matron; 
Flo Koher, Secretary; Georgia Kains, Treas- 
tirer. Including these officers, the chapter 
then comprised thirty-three members; it now 
numbers ninety-five. Since the first men- 
tioned above, ilrs. Mary E. Mason, J. J. 
Todd and Delia AV^. Hale have served as 
worthy matrons, and ^lessrs. E. Y. Sturgis 
and .Fere North as worthy patrons. The 
present officers are, Mrs. Maggie AVisner, 
AVorthy JMatron; P. A. Allen, AVorthy Patron; 
Mrs. ;Mellie McCleery, Associate Matron ; ]\[rs. 
M.A.Horton, Secretary; Mrs.CharlesS. Lacey, 
Treasurer. The chapter meets once a mouth, 
and is in a very prosperous condition, both 
financially and socially. 

Bluffton Asseiablij of Knights of Labor, 
No. 6,282, was organized April 14, 1886, in 


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a rear room of the C'enteiinial Block, witli 
thirty-two cliarter meinbeiB; AV. P. AIi'Mahon, 
^faster Wurkiiian; E. E. McDowi'll, AVorthy 
Foreman, and J. 1^ PofFeiil)er£rur, Keconliiig 
Secretary. Etl'orts had been previously made, 
but without success, in 1SS"2 and 1884:, to 
establish an assembly at Hlutl'ton. The dif- 
iiculties to be encounteretl were peculiarly 
embarrassing. J. V. Ililer, of Fort "Wayne, 
State organizer, was the presiding oiKcer on 
the above occasion. The membership grow- 
ing, the assembly moved to a larger room in 
the Deam F>lock, and afterward to a still 
better place in the McFarren Flock. Present 
membership, 375, and rapidly increasing. 

Independent Order of Odd I^cllows. — • 
The history of Odd Fellowship in Wells 
County dates back to October 0, 1852. Some 
time before ilessrs E. K. Bascom, Adnah 
Hall, Charles Smith, Lew Allen Price and 
Charles T. !Melsheinier, the only members of 
the order then known in the county, con- 
ceived the idea that a lodge of the order 
would be of essential benefit to the advance- 
ment of human progress in this section of the 
State. With this view they sent their peti- 
tion to the Grand Lodge of the State of In- 
diana, then in session, July 21, 1852, at 
Lulianapolis, praying for the charter of a 
lodge to be located at Bhiffton, the county 
seat of Wells County. The charter was 
granted under the name of Bluffton Lodge, 
No. 114, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
In accordance, the lotlge was instituted Oc- 
tober 6, 1852, in tlie second story of what is 
now known as the Wood's building, situated 
on the northwest corner of inlot No. 56 (in 
original plat), of Bluffton, on East Market 
street. The installing officers were Depart- 
ment Deputy Grand Master O. F. Jeffords, 
assisted by Past Grand Harlow AVells, M. 
Henry, Lewis Lynn, Geoi-ge S. Carroll, N. 
Ellis, of Fort AVayne Lodge, No. 14, and A. 

C. Probasco, Charles Anderson, A. M. AVebb 
and Pufus AI. French, of Harmony Lodge, 
N(i. ll'J, Fort AVayne. Tlie first officers 
elected were: A. K. Bascom, Noble Grand; 

A. Ilall, Vice-Grand; Charles T. Mclsheimer, 
Secretary, and Lew Allen Price, Treasurer. 
Two Brothers, Nathaniel Greenfield and AVill- 
iam Sharp, from Dalton Lodge, Ohio, were 
admitted l)y card, and Amza AVliite, Amos 
Townsend, Theodore Ilorton, James Dailey 
and AVilliam AV. AVilson were initiated on 
petition, making a memliership of twelve. 

The first representative to the Grand 
Lodge was Past Grand C. T. Melsheimer, 
on July 1, 1854. 

Since the institution of the lodge up to 
January 1, 1887, the following report, made 
by a committee appointed by the lodge, com- 
posed of Past Grand C. T. Melsheimer, 
Past Grand C. I. Kline and Past Grand J. 

B. Plessinger, was submitted and ap])roved: 
AVhole number initialed, 199; admitted by 

card, 56; reinstated, 31; withdrawn on card, 
51; expelled, 7; dropped, 97; died, 16; de- 
grees conferred, 643; total amount of re- 
ceipts, §513,612.05; amount of expenditures, 

Present officers: B. L. Fry, Noble Grand; 
S. D. Hasty, Vice-Grand; C. I. Kline, Secre- 
tary; AV. I. Fitch, Treasurer. Number of 
membi i-s, 85. 

Order of Behekah, Paradise Lodge, No. 
So, instituted in Bluffton, March 27, 
1872. Prior to this time the degree of 
Rebekah was conferred upon members of the 
third degree and their wives by the subordi- 
nate lodge. 

The officers first elected were: John W. 
Kenagy, Noble Grand; Sister Lucinda Dailey, 
Vice-Grand; Jolin AV. Tribolet, Secretary, 
and Sister Catharine AVilhelm, Treasurer. 

Number of members initiated, 119; pres- 
ent number in good standing, sixty. Pres- 


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enl olKoers are: Mrs. I. I. Fitch, Xoblc 
Grand; .Mrs. Mary Cook, Vice-Grand; Mrs. 
L. C. Eeiuler, Secretary, and ]\frs. ^I. ^Lc- 
IJride, Treasurer. 

Patriarchal Encanipiaent, No. llf.1. — 
Charter issued to Patriarchs May 15, 1876. 
On tlie prayer of Samuel L. Dailey, Charles 

A. Clayton, Isaac II. Peppcrel, C. I. Kline, 
J. P>. riessinger, C. Warner, F. N. Kellogg, 
John W. Kenagy, Charles Shaffer and John 
N. Smith. It was instituted in the hall of 
lUiitfton Lodge, under the name of Blnffton 
Encamjimeiit, No. 141, with the following 
otHcers: Samuel L. Lhiiley, Chief Priest; 
James P. Plessinger, High Priest; Johu W. 
Kenag}', Scribe; C. I. Kline, Grand AVarden; 
Charles Shaffer, Junior Warden; F. X. Kel- 
logg, Treasurer. Present ofMcers are: James 

B. Plessinger, Chief Priest; F. D. Hasty, 
High Priest; C. I. Kline, Scribe; A. E. 
North, Grand "Warden; Thomas J. McDow- 
ell, Junior Warden; W. J. Fitch, Treasurer. 
AVhole number of contributing members, 

Patriaichal Jfilitant, Uniform Degree, 
Camp No. 12, was chartered March 31, 1883, 
on the apjilication of Patriarchs F. D. War- 
ing, L. ^I. Dailey, II. Steckemper, I. H. 
Pepperel, Ilichard Rossington, W. I. Fitch, 
W. L. Swan, J. B. Plessinger, C. T. Mel- 
slieimcr, Charles Shaffer, S. Oppenheim, 
W. S. Silver, T. J. McDowell, Fred :Mosu- 
men, C. I. Kline, John E. Sturges, J. N. 
^Myers and John II. Smith. Tlie follow- 
ing officers were elected: J. B. Plessinger, 
Commander; J. II. Smith, Senior Vice-Com- 
mander; (J. I. Kline, Junior Vice-Com- 
mander; Henry Steckemper, Outsitlc Guard; 
W. L. Swan, Secretary; W. I. Fitch, Treas- 
)irer. Present number of members, twent}-- 

Blufftoii Lodge, No. 92, Knights of 
Pythias, was instituted February 16, 1881. 

! Officers, first term: C. M. France, Past Chan- 
cellor; 'W. C. Stockton, Chancellor Com- 

, mander; N. Conover, Vice-Chancellor; O. 
P. Koontz, Prelate; C. A. McKendry, Keeper 
of Records and Seals; G. W. Grimes, Master 
of Finance; B. F. Little, Master of Ex- 
chequer; T. D. Blackburn, Master at Arms; 

B. F. Forst, Inside Guard; A. Kornblith, 
Outside Guard. The present officers are: 
George Taylor, Past Chancellor; M. W. 
Adalbert, Chancellor Commander; A. Mosure, 
Vice-Chancellor; M. Feeser, Prelate; H. E. 
Gilliland, Keeper of Records and Seals; Will- 
iam Guoynes, Master of Finance; George 
S. Ogden, Master of E.xchequer; W. L. 
Holmes, Master at Arms; H. Workman, In- 
side Guard; John Burgan, Outside Guard. 
The charter members were: Jay G. French, 
Frank Staver, S. S. Roth, B. F. Little, O. P. 
Koontz, Frank McBride, N. Conovor, A. 
Kornblith, W. C. Stockton, T. D. Blackburn, 
John ^\. Smith, D. T. Smith, G. N. Borgart, 
P.. E. ilorgan, W. D. Mason, W. H. Ernst, 

C. A. McKendry, B. F. Forst, G. W.Grimes, 
II. E. Gilliland. The lodge is in a healthy 
condition financially, prosperous in numbers, 
having work almost every night conferring 
ranks and candidates. 

Blufton Lodge, No. 1,838, Knights of 
Honor, was organized October 22, 1879, in 
the office of J. J. Todd, Esq., by William 
i[. Obermyer, D. G. D., with the following 
charter members, and the otlices indicated, to 
which some of them were immediately after- 
ward elected: J. J. Todd, Piist Dictator; 
Jere North, Dictator; W. D. Mason, Vice- 
Dictator; William Blackstone, Assistant Dic- 
tator; J. H. Reider, Chaplain; C. A. Clayton, 
Guide; J. H. C. Smith, Reporter; J. W.. 
Smith, Financial Reporter; G. E. Gardner, 
Treasurer; A. Kornblith, Guardian; B. F. 
Forst, Sentinel; E. R. Hortou, L. L. Martz, 
II. Dougherty, W. C. Stockton, J. V. Ken- 





agy, AV. A. GiiteHiis, AV. A. Craig, J. W. 
Tribolet, E. Y. Stiirgis. 

(Jii the second day after org'aDizatioii, J. 
W. Tribolet, John North and Hugh Dougli- 
ertj were electeil trustees, wlio tixed the lirst 
and third Friday evenings of eacli niontli for 
the i-eguhir meetings. Since organization, 
eiglity-four names liave been phaced upon 
the membership roll. Three have died, each 
of whose families received s2,000. Some 
have withdrawn by card, and a few have be- 
come delinquent. At this date (March, 
1887), tiiere are thirty-six full-rate and thir- 
teen half-rate members. 

In the otlice of dictator, since the first, J. 
J. hiaumgardner has served two years, and 
W. J. Evans three years or over. O. T. 
Koontz has lieen reporter since September, 

Present officers: J. J. l]aumgardner, Past 
Dictator; AF. A. Spake, Dictator; M. V. 
Eorrouglis, \'ice-Dictutor; (i. il. Yenis, As- 
sistant Dictator; O. J. ilontgomery, Chap- 
lain; AV. J. Evans, Financial Reporter; O. P. 
Koontz, Pte])orter; G. F. ilarkley. Treasurer; 
AV. S. Grouse, Guide; W. C. Stockton, Guard; 
A. S. A'an Emen, Sentinel. 

Lodge meets every second and fourth Fri- 
day evenings of the month, in the hall over 
the Exchange liank. 

Tlie object of the above order is to unite 
all acceptable white men into a secret frater- 
nity, who should aid one another and their 
families, both morally and materially, by in- 
structive lectures and a health and life insur- 
ance fund, and ameliorate the condition of 
humanity generally. Upon tlie death of any 
member a sum not exceeding S2,000 is to be 
paid to his family. 

Lew /Jalleij Post, No. 33, G. A. li., 
was organized Octolier 6, 1881, by J. R. Gar- 
nahan. Mustering Officer, with twenty-four 
members, including the following officers 

Captain E. Y . Stnrgis, Commander; AYilliam 
li. Miller, Senior A'^ice-Conunandcr; AYill- 
iam II. Covert, Junior A^ice-Commander; 
Lee L. ^lartz, Quartermaster; Dr. A. G. 
Gorrell, Surgeon; Jacub J. Toild, Chaplain; 
George AY. Louis, Officer of the Day; S. M. 
Karns, Officer of the Gnai'd; F. X. Kellogg, 
Adjutant. To date, 200 have been mustered 
in; present membership, 156, including rep- 
i-esentatives from ninety-nine regiments of in- 
fantry and two batteries and U. S. Engineers. 

Present officers: Benjamin L. Frye, Com- 
mander; A. N. Martin, Senior Vice-Com- 
mander; AVilliam II. Stephenson, Junior 
A'^ice-Commander; F. Effinger, Quartermas- 
ter; J. 'AY. Pugh, Surgeon; N. A. Saxtun, 
Chaplain; AVilliam IJi'own, Officer of the 
Day; II. K. AYilliams, Officer of the Guard; 
AVilliam E. Kinert, Adjutant; George AV. 
Lonib, Sergeant-Major; John AVasson, <,)uar- 
termaster-Sergeant; J. G. Feeser, Inside 
Sentinel; Samuel Foncannon, < )utside Senti- 
nel; AV. 11. Stephenson, Lee Martz, John 
AVasson, Council of Administration; AV. J. 
Craig, AV. 11. Stephenson, A. N. Martin, 
Delegates to State Encampment. 

The Sons of A'^eterans also have a camp 
in Plutl'ton. 


Ever since the most infantile stage of 
Bluffton's existence there have been literary 
and other societies. A lyceum for debates 
and other exercises was in existence as early 
as 1849. In a number of the Jiejjuhlicun 
Hugh we notice that in the autumn of that 
year they debated the proposition, " Should 
the union of these States be dissolved under 
any circumstances?" Affirmative, Sylvanus 
Church; negative, Theodore Ilorton. 

More recently a Chautauqua literary and 
scientitic circle was established, having at one 
time as nniiiy as twenty-live members; but it 
is now discontinued, apparently because the 

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course of study was not thorough enough, or 
tlie examinations sufficiently rii^id. 

The " Kthereal liand " is the latest musical 
association lor ])nlilir entertainment, the 
music lieing produced l)y a rare combination 
of light instruments. It has been in exist- 
ence since 18S3. 

The" niutftou Hunting C^lub" has been 
making excursions to distant points for a 
uumher of years, as Arkansas, ilichigan, etc., 
to jiarticipate in tlie pleasures of the chase. 
Hon. Levi ]iIock is the tallest man of that 
liappy " crowd." 

Various literary societies and social clubs 
Iiave given entertainments from time to time, 
some of which were ver\' successful. " You 
ought to have seen " J. J. Todd, Esq., on one 
occasion, when he shook so dreadfully. The 
audience shook, t(jo. The gentleman men- 
tioned appeared before the excited multitude, 
dressed as a poverty-stricken Iloosier pioneer, 
with an ill-fitting, buttonless, ragged coat, held 
in place by a rope wound twice around the 
■waist; blue overalls tucked shabbily into his 
lieavy boot-tops; slouch hat, around which was 
a large piece of I'ed tlannel ; and a large frowzy, 
false moustache. lie stood with arms akimbo, 
while, in the Iloosier accent of forty years 
ago, he muttered: — 


Once upon tin evening weary, 

WLiilsl I sat me lone and dreary, 

In the sunshine, thinliing o'er 

Things that had passed in days of yore, 

Gently there came in sometliing ci-eeping — 

deeping upward from beneath my chamber floor. 

"'Tis a cooling breeze," I muttered, 

From the regions 'neath the floor, — 

Only this and nothing more. 

So I sat me, nearly napping, 

In the sunshine stretching, gaping. 

And a-feeling quite delighted 

With tlie breeze from 'neath the floor, 

Till I f^t me growing colder, 

And the stretching waxing bolder, 

And myself now feeling older, 

Feeling older than I'd felt before, — 
Older than I'd felt before. 

Ah! distinctly I remember, 
'Twas in that wet Sciiti'iuber 
()l creation that I bore,— 
Had for weeks and months been soaking 
In the meanest, most provoking fog-rain 
That, without joking, wc had ever seen before; 
So I knew it must be very cold. 
Very cold and damp beneath the floor. 
Very damp beneath the floor. 

All along my back the creeping 
Soon gave place to rushing, leaping, 
As if countless frozen demons 
1 1. id concluded to e.vplore 
All the cavities, the varmints 
'Twixt me and my nether garments 
Through my boots into the floor, 
Till I found myself ashaking. 
Gently shaking, moie and more, — 
Every moment more and more. 

'Twas the ager; and it took me, 

Shaking, to the kitchen, — every place, — 

Every |)lace where there wa< warmth in slore,- 

Shaking till the china rattled. 

Shaking till my molars challered. 

Shaking, and with all my warming 

Feeling colder than before, — 

Colder than I'd felt before. 

Then it rested till the morrow, 
When it came with all the horror 
That it had the face to borrow, — ' 
Shaking, shaking — O so sore! 
Shaking off my boots, and shaking 
ile to bed, if nothing more, 
Truly this, if nothing more. 

And from that day in September, — 
Day which I shall long remember, — 
It has made diurnal visits. 
Shaking, shaking as before. 

And to-day the swallows flitting 
Uound my chamber see me silting, 
jMoodily within the sunshine, 
Just inside my silent door. 
Waiting for the ager, seeming 
Like a man forever dreaming. 
And the sunlight on me streaming. 
Sheds no shadow on the floor. 
For I am too thin and sallow 
To make shadows on the floor, — 
Ne'er a shadow any more! 

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9-3^''^rA\, a I)caiitiful vil- 
lage of soijor and iuiliis- 
trioiis inhabitants, nuu' 
'if nuniheriiig nearly 000, 
^y^ was laid out by the town- 
SliiW?^^^''^^'^ ship trustees Jilarch 14, 
X^^f^y 1850, and is about nine miles 
'%y.iVl^'~\ north of l>lntfton, on the Fort 
t-f^ lA'X " ayne, Cuieninati it J,onisvillo 
i/JfVi^ Railroad, which was built through 
Wl^tV here in 1869. The railroad, how- 


ever, running a half mile west of 
the business center, two mills 
and a number of dwellings have 
sprung up about the dejiot, re- 
ceiving the name of AVest Ossiaii. The vil- 
lage is not yet incorporated. 


The present business of the village is now 
represented by 11. Hatfield, general store; 
Anderson ]\[orton, dry goods, recently burned 
out, but is rebuilding; J. II. Hoover, drug 
store; Hell i^ Davis, drug store; F. S. Nans, 
furniture store and chair factory; Henry 
Kreigh, groceiy; AVilliani Quawkenbush, 
grocery and bakery; Ellsworth Salisbury, 
tin, stoves, hardware, and is also undertaker; 

warehouse, H. Hatfield & Sons; William 
Eai'l and Harve}' Spence, wagon shops; Stiue 
A: Son, and Stine A; !McColli\ni, blacksmiths; 
jMarcellus Honaklson, shoe shop; iS^ Weaver, 
harness shop; Mrs. Mary Yincore and ^Irs. 
AVilinington, millinery; James Gorrell, hub 
factory; Eastman, Hatfield & Craig, creamei-y; 
liobert Seaton, postmaster; John Chalfant, 
lawyer; J. I. JSIetts, A. H. Metts and M. A'. 
Newman, physicians; besides the following, 
inorc at length: 

Woodword & Rnpright's flouring mill is 
tlie successor of two on the site which have 
been burned out. The flrst was built in 
18G-4 by James Gorrell and John Brown, 
who ran it about two years, since which time 
the proprietors have been: John Brown and 
James Milligan, eigiit years; James Gorrell 
and James Wilson, Wilson & Donaldson, 

Oraig, Mannes and L. F. Wilson 

(burned out within si.x months), L. F. A\"ilson 
(burned out in three years), L. F. AVilson and 
A. Woodward, and since last February Wood- 
ward & Rupriglit. They do both merchant 
and custom work, with a forty-five horse-. 
power engine, and two run of burrs for 
wheat, one for middlings, and one for corn. 

Koons & Co. (Philip Koous, AVilliam K. 




I'eaty and Tliomas A. Doan), near tlie de])Ot, 
iiiamifactiire and ileal in dressed and rongli 
lumber, shingles, lath, mouldings, etc. ]\Iill 
was tirst built in 1872 by Kudus, Milligan iz. 
Glass, with only half the present ca]»acity. 
The present company commenced in 1875, 
and they now have a sixty-tivc horse-power 
engine, employ* nine hands, and run the mill 
nearly all the time. 

E. Nimuions, with an average number of 
thirty hands in the winter, and fifty in the 
summer, manufactures oil-liarrel staves and 
circled heading, which he ships to the Stand- 
ard Oil Company. The mill was first built 
by Carey it Caker in 1870, was burned down 
in 1872, i-ebuilt in the autumn of the same 
year, sold to II. Hatfield in the fall of 1876, 
to Nimmons k. Bros, in 1878, and since Jan- 
uary, 18S3, the present proprietor has had it 

Jacob Gett}', who has resided in Jefferson 
Township thirty-two years, has kept the 
Ossian House and livery stable for the last 
sixteen yeai's. 

The present school building, a good two- 
story brick structure, was erected in 1878 at 
a cost of ^^5,000, by John B. Woods, con- 
tractor, and James Gorrell, trustee. Present 
trustee, Dr. !M. N. Newman; present princi- 
])al of the scliool, J. P. Bonnell, who com- 
menced December?, 1885; has four assistants. 
The course of study comprises some of the 
hi^'her branches, as algebra, geometry, botany, 
geology, zoology, chemistry, natural philoso- 
phy and a two years' Latin course. School 
is taught eight inontlis each year. Present 
enrollment, 200; building will accommo- 
date 230. 


The Preshyterian Clmrch at Ossian was 
organized in 1840 at the house of Adam 
Hatfield, by Kev. Isaac A. Ogden, with thirty 
members. The pastors since then have been 

Jievs. AV. M. Donaldson, John Mitchell and 
]\I. il. Lawson. Present membership, 180. 
Trustees, G. "W. Glass, Edward Stine and 
H. W. Somers; treasnier, H. Hatfield. The 
house of worship is a plain frame building, 
40 X 60 feet, will seat 400 persons, and was 
built in 1858, during the ministry of Pev. 
Donaldson. Their first place of meeting was 
a log church, about two and a half miles 
southwest of town. In connection \vith the 
church is a Sunday-school, having an average 
attenchmce of about 125 pupils; present 
superintendent, E. A. Vail; also a Ladies' 
Missionary Society, and a Young Ladies' 
Union (also missionary). Elders — Joseph 
Gorrell, AVilliain II. Pankin, John Hatfield, 
H. Hatfield, George Ilarter and M. J. 

i[r. Donaldson was pastor of this church, 
together with those at Murray and I'lnif'ton, 
twenty-eight and a half years, residing at the 
respective places portions of his time. He 
now resides in Summit County, Ohio. 

Mr. Lawson, the resident pastor, was Itorn 
in Hillsboro, Ohio, February 21, 1844, son 
of Isaac and Elizabeth Lawson, and was nine 
years of age when the family moved to Indi- 
ana; served from the age of eighteen tt) 
twenty-one in the Seventieth Indiana Infan- 
try, being with Sherman's army to the sea 
and return; received liis classical education 
at AVabash College, and his theological at 
Lane Seminary, Cincinnati, spending nine 
Consecutive years in ])reparing lor the minis- 
try; was married December 14, 1875; in 
April following he was ordained at Marion, 
Ohio; served several chui-ches in that State, 
and since 1883 has had charge of the church 
at Ossian, during which time seventj'-two 
have been added to the same. Mr. Lawson 
married AFiss Katie, daughter of Pev. James 
A. and Mary (^IcCutchen) Darrah, and a 
native of Missouri, and their chihfren iire — 


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fruiiu's ]\r('Kiii!^lit, ^r.'iry, Florence and Isaac 
Harry. Mr. Lawson, scrviiij^ at several piiints, 
lias at present about 700 souls under liis care 
within a radius of six miles. 

J^l TIanan I'resliijterKtn ClaircU., three 
miles east and one-lialf north of Ossiaii, is a 
frame 2G.\36 feet, built on a lot donated for 
church and cemetery purposes by Robert 
Ewell, in 1845, during the jiastorate of Kev. 
John Xevins. Present membership, about 
forty; elders, Alexander White, Charles Fer- 
guson, James W. Fei'guson; Sunday-school 
with thirty-five scholars, and Alexander 
White, superintendent. Pastor, Ilev. M. ^M. 

llie Mcthodht Episcopal Church at Ossian 
was orijanized about the year 1851, with 
about ten members, and John W. Foughty 
as class-leatler. The present membership is 
about 100 and the present class-leadei-s are 
John W. Foughty and John W. Wilson. 
Sunday-school attendance, 1-10; Frederick 
Livengood, superintendent. Their house of 
worship, erected in 1857 or 1858, was 
enlargetl in 1866, so that it is now 42x55 
feet in dimensions, valued at about $1,000. 
This society has also a fine parsonage. Be- 
fore tlie church was organized, Rev. Green- 
man jireached awhile in this community, and 
the pastors since that time have been, in 
order: Revs. ^\'. S. Jjirch, James Johnston, 
W. T. Smith, Asbury Andrew, A. Douglas, 
R. Armstoiig (and Erick, supplied), Stephen 

II. Clark, Colclazer, J. P. Nash, 

McXeal, C). D. Watkins, J. 11. Slade, W. E. 

Curtis, J. AV. Roberts, ilc^Iahon, 

Wolverton, J. ]\Iann, J. R. Meridith, 2\'ewton 

Burwell, Ramsey, E. P. Church and 

Joseph Lewellen. Under ^Ir. Church's min- 
istrations there was a great revival. Harvey 
Pierce, now deceased, was a local ])reacher, 
whose five sons, besides a son-in-law, also 
became ilethodist ministers. Mr. J. \V. 

Foughty, I't^ferred to above, is also a local 
])reacher. Present stewards — J. W. Foughty, 
Sutton Potce and J. L. AVilson. ilr. Lew- 
ellen, the present pastor, is a native of Ran- 
dolph County, Indiana, born in 1848; attended 
Asbury University, and was admitted in the 
annual conference in 1873. Ossian is his 
sixth charge, to which he was appointed in 
April, 1880. 

Cf this church, James Cartwright has gen- 
erally been trustee, and always one of the 
main pillars. 

.&^;HVHrtw« (formerly Salem) J/e^OfZwi Epis- 
copal Church., four and a half miles southeast 
of Ossian, is a frame, 30 x 40 feet, built in 
1870. The society there was organized with 
about forty members, maiidy from the United 
Rrethren church. Class-leaders, George llall 
and William Sowards; stewards, Levi Hoover 
and Newton Carjienter. Michael C. Blue is 
superintendent of Sunday-school, which has 
about fifty scholars. 

Pruspject Methodist Episcojxd Church. — 
From -Mr. Levi Osborn we learn that this 
society was first organized in the liousel 
neighborhood, at the house of John A. Lej)- 
per in Jetierson Township, October 30, 1848, 
and was then in St. Mary's mission, Fort 
Wayne district. F. JL Palmer was the mis- 
sionary, Samuel Brinton, presiding elder, and 
William W. Cotton, class-leader. The original 
members were: William W.Cotton and wife, 
Absalom Housel and wife, Hezekiah Allen 
and wife, AVilliam Quawkenbush and wife, 
]\Iary (Jottou, John A. Lepper and wife, and 
Hannah Ady. We aild that the present 
membership is about seventy, with William 
Lipkey and Simpson Todd class-leaders, and 
Levi Osborn and Simpson Todd stewards; 
local preachers, William Beaty and Jeremiah 
Soule. Sunday-school, with about sixty 
scholars, is superintended by Jacob Osborn. 
The church building, four and a half miles 







»M«ia~»»^m . '«^'^ 


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insruiiY OF wm.t.s county. 

southwest of Ossiuii, is a frame, 40 x 45 feet, 
erected jirobably about ISHl. 

The OUr, ■-Branch Bajitist Chvrch, a frame 
b\iil(ling, ibi'ee miles iinrtlieast of Ossian, 
M'as 80 X 40 feet in size. The society tliere 
was organized prior to 1840, and lias had as 
high as forty members at one time. ]\[inis- 
ters there have been: Kevs. W. X. "Welker, 

Colton, Levi llardini^;, Schotield, 

J. II. Winans and others. In the fall of 
1S81 tlie buildinjjj was removed to Ossiiin, 
where tlie present membership is about forty- 
iive. Nathan Tobey, superintendent of Sun- 
da3'-school. Preaching every two weeks, 
Sunday morning. Deacons, Jeremiah Clark, 
Abraham Clark and J. Kock; clerk, Nathan 
Tobey. Present pastor, since Jrarch, 1857, 
Pev. I). 15. Peckard, of Decatur. 

Tlie Christian L'hitrch at Ossian was or- 
ganized at the school-liouse November 20, 
1872, by Elder JMcCormick, with thirty-three 
members. Local elders, J. E. Lepper and 
Peter (^nawkenbush; deacons, David ilc- 
Dowell and Samuel Hughes. Ministers 
serving in a pastoral capacity have been: 
L. L. Carpenter, 3[essrs. Streeter, of Ohio, 
Lambert, lilancy, and perliaps others. The 
greatest number of accessions to the chnrcii 
were in Pcv. Strecter's time. Have generally 
had a Sunday-school. Since Pev. ]\Ir. T?laney 
ceased preaching here in June, 1886, there 
have been no regular public services. He re- 
sides at Kendallville, Noble County. Church 
edifice, a frame, 40 x 60 feet, costing §2,350, 
was dedicated November 3, 1873, by Ehler 
L. L. Carpenter. 

Tlie JUthcl United Brethren Church, at 
Ossian, is a frame, 30 x 40 feet, and was 
dedicated in Angnst, 1882, by Rev. J. L. 
Luttrell. The membership lias generally 
been over half a hundred. No pastoral 
services at present. The " Moneysmith " or 
Zion Churcli, four miles east of town, and 

the Hebron Chnrcli, three or fonr miles 
northeast, as well as the Ossian Church, are 
alive and keep up their Sunday-scliools. 
AVilliam Vardiman, of Ossian, is a local 


Ossian has had two or three indirectly suc- 
cessful tights with the saloon evil. As early 
as 1850, during the building of the plaidc 
road from Fort AVayne to i'luti'ton, it became 
strikingly manifest that a driidving place was 
the origin of most evil, as exemplified by the 
great number of cases brought before a jus- 
tice from the boarding-house wliei-e drinking 
intoxicants wei'e indulged in, while none 
came from an equally patronized temperance 
boarding-house near by. 

Pecently an attempt was made to establish 
a saloon and billiard hall in Ossian. The 
tem])erance people counseled together and 
came to an understanding that when the new- 
comer shouUl start from the depot with his 
wagon load of saloon appliances, including 
billiard table, a steam wliistle should be 
blown, as a signal for their rendezvous. The 
event occurring, they surrounded tlie wagon, 
and the driver could not get help enough 
to unload the table. The proprietor was in- 
formed by ]\Iessrs. Ilattield and Gorrell what 
opposition he would meet with here, and he 
was ultimately |iersuaded, on being paid !?2, 
to leave the place. 

On another occasion two men in partner- 
shiji opened a saloon in Ossian, and, although 
they held their place for a short time, they 
had a falling out, and one was convicted for 
crime and sentenced to penitentiary for life. 
At another time a lire burned out the saloon 
that had been started a short time before; 
so that, " providentially," the saloonists have 
failed to sustain their cause in Ossian, and 
there is now no such ugly place of resort 
there as the bad element had contemplated. 

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A Murphy tempenince society, with David 
Stine as president, was ori^aiiized at Ossiaii 
in 1878, and worked nobly for about four 
years, when, the chief enemy liaving been 
providentially driven to other parts, there 
was little left before thein to do. 

Ossian Lo(hje, No. 297, A. F. c6 A. II., 
met under dispensation September 30, 1863. 
John P. Nash, Worshipful ]\raster; E. Covert, 
Senior AVarden; 15. F. Taylor, Junior Ward- 
en. The master appointed William I'eatty, 
Secretary; J. I. Metts, Treasurer; Joseph 
Kreigh, Senior Deacon; Thomas Yail, Junior 
Deacon. Charter members, same as men- 
tioned, the charter being dated May 27, 18(34, 
and July 7, following, Amos Townsend, of 
Elufl'toii, a special deputy of Grand Master 
Hacker, organized the lodge by the install- 
jnent of the following oflicers: J. P. Nash, 
Worshipful Master; E. Covert, Senior Ward- 
en; B. F. Taylor, Junior Warden; J. I. 
Metts, Treasurer; C. Sumpton, Secretary; 
James Johnson, Senior Deacon; A. II. iletts. 
Junior Deacon; T. Vail, Tyler. 

The following have served as masters: J. 
P. Nash, J. I. Metts, James Gorrell, C. W. 
lieardsley, William ?.. Miller, James P. 
Swaiin and AVilliam Stine, the present in^ 

In 1877 the lodge room, with all the ap- 
purtenances, were destroyed b}' fire, without 
insurance, leaving the society bankrupt. 
This, together with certain deaths and re- 
movals, and the organization of a lodge at 
Zanesville, caused the lodge to run down; 
but, through the encouragement received 
from brethren of neighboring lodges, they re- 
vived, and they now have a nice room, well 
fitted up. There are now forty-seven mem- 
bers in good working order. Present officers: 
William Stine, Worshipful Master; I. Black, 

Senior Warden; II. Spence, Junior Warden; 

N. i\I. Newman, ; James (.lorrell. Senior 

Deacon, and James Clark, Junior Deacon. 

William Swaim Post, No. 109, G. A. R., 
was established in May, 1884, with twenty 
members, now increased to sixty-seven. 
Meetings, second and fourth Tuesday of 
each month. S. C. Goshorn has been com- 
mander from the first to the present. The 
other officers are: J. A, D.Taylor, Senior Vice- 
Commander; I. C. Black, Junior Vice-Com- 
mander; J. M. Ileni'y, Officer of the Day; 
A. II. Metts, Adjutant; L. F. Wilson, Quar- 
termaster; J. W. Foughty, Chaplain, and 
Dr. M. N. Newman, Post Surgeon. The 
post is in a very fiourishing condition. 

Camp Wllmiiiffton, No. ^Jj, Sons of Vet- 
erans, was organized about the middle of 
November, 1886, with about twenty mem- 
bers, who are increasing in numbers. Meet 
once in two weeks. John Lepper, Jr., Cap- 
tain; C, B. Henry, First Lieutenant; Curtis 
Goshorn, Second Lieutenant ; Franklin 
Foughty, Officer of the Day; Camp Wil- 
mington, Officer of the Guard; A. B. Tobey, 
Chaplain; Elmer Derr, Quartermaster, and 
Mason Powell, Jr., Color-Bearer. 


The first settlers of this township, of which 
Ossian is the present metropolis, were, in 
1837, Samuel Ogden, who died here; Robert 
and William Craig (the latter dying in Allen 
C!ounty). In 1838, Richai'd Treenary, who 
resided here until his death; Thomas and 
James Ferguson, both deceased, in this town- 
ship; Robert Ewell and Adam Hatfield, de- 
ceased. In 1839, John Davis, deceased; 
Jacob Bunn, whose widow is still living here; 
Levi Young; Samuel Weston, removed to 
Iowa and died; John Snyder and Joseph 
Hatfield. In 1840, J. R. Lefever, moved to 
Iowa and died; Jacob and Martin King, 







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Williiuii Wel)ster iuid .Fulin Ogdcn; Wehstcr 
did not remain, find tliere were two liy tlie 
iiuiiie of ]\rartin Kiiifi;, one of whom died 
liere and tlie other lives in Kansas. jVIso 
among tlie earliest settlers who are still liv- 
ing are Joseph Gorrell, William Quawken- 
busli and Ellison Covert. 

The first election in this township was 
lield April 6, 1840, at the house of William 
Craig, with Samuel Ogden as inspector. For 
trustees they elected Philip Sower, Richard 

Treenary and Adam Ilattield; clerk, George 
\Vest()n; treasurer, Jacob liunn; justice of 
the peace, Samuel Weston. 

This township is drained by Eight-Mile 
Creek, which receives its supplies mainly 
from the Grimm and Treenary ]irairies, and 
runs through Ossian, in a northwesterly di- 

The Ferguson road was the first opened in 
the township, running across east and west, 
a half mile north of Ossian, to Decatur. 




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^k Liberty Center. | 

i^i^!^|^VJ^^)IIN W. ILINEAIl, Es,i., 

&'- "'^rJ^'y^rH I «^** n'*^'C '^'"^ iKune to this new 

'^! , 'i!/ijRAv,pi and enterprising village, 

.■^.t"||irb '! V iuid wiis its chief founder 

^^^^'v^K/^^"" ^'"^ ^'''^^ '''^ principal pat- 
ron, in allusion to the fact 
that it is at the center of 
Liberty "Township. It was 
laid out November 12, 1S78, 
by ]\Ie6srs. Kinear and John 
Ernst, the location being fa- 
vored by the fact that it is 
at the usual distance from 
other towns and is surrounded 
ud industrious commmunity, 
and has from the start had the advantage of 
railroad communication with the rest of tlie 
world. It is the first station west of Jilutf- 
ton, on the Toledo, St. J^ouis & JCansas City 
Railroad. Previous ti the aljove date there 
liad been a school-house there from the earli- 
est times, and more lately a store and two or 
three dwellings. 

The place is but eight years old, has now 
a population of about 3(J(I, and as it is not 

necessary to give the intermediate iMisiness 
history of the village, it will be sufficient to 
enumerate the present business establish- 
ments, to sliow the growth it has made in 
this brief jieriod. 

(t. II. King iV Sons (Willard W. and Ben- 
jamin J.) are the proprietors of a line flour- 
ing mill, erected by them in 1882, and run 
with two run of burrs for wheat and o!ie for 
corn until the spring of 1887, when they sub- 
stituted the roller system. C'aiiacity of the 
mill, forty barrels per day. 

Charles Cole owns and runs a saw-mill for 
the manufacture of lumbei- of all kinds, 
principally for the home nutrket, and also of 
coil hoops. liuilt in October, 1879, by the 
j)resent proprietor. Engine of thirty-si.\ 
horse-power. About eigiit hands are em- 
ployed in and al)out the mill. Runs most of 
the year. 

Jacob Jones also built a saw-mill here in 
1879, but the machinery was moved away in 
January, 1887, after having been idle a year 
or two. 

S. J. A: J. U. .lackson's tile factory was 





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1.11 ilt ill 1879, by Adams & Plank. Subse- 
quently tlie latter sold his interest to S. J. 
Jackson, and the former to Mr. ^fjers, and 
]\Ir. Myers to Dr. F. ^V. Garrett and J. U. 
Jackson, and finally tlie doctor disposed of 
his interest to the present firm. It has not 
hecn a paying institution until within the 
last two years. It is now doing a thriving 
business. Last year they made 10,000 rods 
of tile, and this year will probably reach 
15,000 rods, having just put in a new mill. 

Johnson & ]\[organ and G. F. [Markley, 
general stores, including hardware; ^Iiller& 
8tall, and Henry King, dry goods and grocer- 
ies; Garrett it Funk, drug store; Benjamin 
Foreman, shoe store; William Smithson, 
shoe shop; Jones & Ramsey, blacksmith and 
wagon shop; Haumesser& Funk, broom fac- 
tory, established in February, 1887, and em- 
ploying four hands; RamBey & Stall, V)room 
factory, started last year, and employ three 
hands; II. J. Johnson, barber; Mrs. Maria 
Turpiii conducts the Ileckman House, which 
was built by W. S. Heckman in 1880. 

Dr. V. AV. Garrett is the only physician. 
A biograpliical sketch of him can be found 
in this volume by the index. 

The postmasters have been: S. J. Jackson, 
to January 1, 1877; J. "W. Rinear thence to 
January 1, 1880, F. "\V. Garrett, to January 
1, 18S3; R. W. Croasdale, to January 1, 
1885, since which time Milton Morgan has 
been the incumbent. 

John AV. Rinear, the longest a resident of 
Liberty Center, was the first justice of the 
peace at this point. During his term of 
office, twelve years, he married 104 couples. 
The ne.xtand present justice is Henry J. John- 
son, who now does all the legal business of 
the place. 

The first born at Liberty Center is Ilattie 
S., daughter of John W. Rinear, and now 
the wife of John H. Funk. Having received | 

a good education, previous to marriage, she 
taught a of years in the public 

The first born male is Charles W., son of 
Samuel J. Jackson. 

The first marriage was X. N. Johnson to 
Alary E. Ernst; the first death was that of 
]\Irs. Clark Morgan. 

In the line of fine arts, Edward Rinear is 
considered superior in drawing and painting. 

The first school-house was a log building, 
erected near the point occupied by the pres- 
ent brick school-house. The second was a 
frame, 24 x 30 feet, built in the summer and 
fall of 1859, and it still remains. It was oc- 
cupied as a school-house and a place for pub- 
lic meetings of all kinds until the present 
fine two-story brick structure was erected, in 
1881, at a cost of !?2,700, including the seats. 
This building was erected under the super- 
vision of Vr. II, King, tlie trustee. The 
school is graded, the first and second depart- 
ments being on the first floor, and the third, 
fourth and fifth above. Since the present 
building was erected, Mr. W. A. Luce has 
been the principal teacher, with a corps of 
assistants most of the time, and he has also 
conducted at this place normal schools for the 
last two summer seasons, with an attendance 
of twenty-eight jiupils. 

The principal church at Liberty Center is 
the Baptist, and the chief pillar of this 
church. Rev. Abel Johnson, a resident. He, 
with his coadjutors, have from the earliest 
day sustained a marked religious and moral 
iiiHuence over tiie community, in spite of 
many difficulties. The congregation was first 
organized in August, 1855, under the shade 
of a tree (" God's first temple," as Bryant 
has it), near the present site of the school- 
house, with sixteen members, namely: Abel 
Johnson, Sarah S. Johnson, Silas Parker, 
Ester Parker, Jacob First, Charles Rinear, 

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Jane S. Rinear, Joliii S])ake, Mary Spake, 
Micliaia Merriinaii, j\[aitlm ]\reri-iman, Eliza 
Monsey, Mrs. Faircliild, Uiitli Irwin, i\[rs. 
Walker an<l INfrs. Cotton. The nieinbersliip 
increased to 140, under the pastorate of Elder 
Johnson, and were also ])i'osperous under the 
ministrations of Rev. 0. I». Kendall; but are 
now reduced by deaths, removals, etc., to 
about seventy-five. The pastors have served 
in the following order: Revs. xVbel Johnson, 
C. ]). Kendall, now in Jfichigan, W. Wright, 
T). D. Spencer, D. O. Fritz, G. W. AValters, 
and J. E. Leakey, the present pastor, in- 
stalled September, 1885. The first trustees 
were Abel Johnson, Charles Rinear and John 
Mnncie; tlie present are Abel Johnson and 
Joseph Garrett, John Sjmke having just 
resigned, leaving a vacancy. Deacons, X. M. 
Johnson and Noah Garrett; Charles Rinear 
has served as deacon since the organization 
till this spring, and resigned in consequence 
of poor health ; clerk, Lester Garrett. George 
AV. Miller is superintendent of the Sunday- 
school, which has an averaj^e attendance of 
about 100 pupils. 

The first Baptist church building at Lib- 
erty Center was a plain frame edifice, 36 x 
50 feet, with a seating capacity of 400, com- 
pleted in January, 1860. The present is a 
fine modern brick structure, of the same di- 
mensions as the former, built in 1884, at a 

cost of about ^3,000, and dedicated in Sep- 
tember, that year, by Rev. AVilliam Elgin, of 
Indianapolis. Elder Johnson, as before inti- 
mated, has borne the chief burden in the 
building of both these churches, as well as 
in the prosperity of the church generally and 
of the spiritual and moral interests of tlie 
community at large. 

Also the church has now a parsonage at 
Libei'ty Center, and for the first time in many 
years is now sustaining a pastor for his full 
time at this point. 

The Pi'otestaiit Methodists organized a 
society at Liberty Center in 1881, and they 
now have a membership of seventy-three, 
with Rev. J. C. McLin, resident pastor; 
George Merriman, class-leader; Mrs. Merri- 
man, steward. The society is preparing to 
build a church at the "Center" this year. 
They have other societies in this portion of 
AVells County, mentioned elsewhere. 

Mr. McLin was born in Fairfield County, 
Ohio, in 1825; moved with his parents in 
1836 to Jay County, this State, where he 
grew up and lived many years; also resided 
a long time in Adams County, where he or- 
ganized the " Shepherd Class," of which he 
is now the only surviving member. He was 
licensed to exhort in 1850, and to preach in 
1858. Married Miss Elizabeth Burford June 
19, 1845. 


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"^ ^-T^^^^; ONETO, an enterpris- 
jte' ing village of250 inliab- 
'/■; itaiits, is a creature of 
the railroad, not of the 
'^W- coin))any, but of tlie cit- 
rJ(<j^^ff^^^^^^f^ izens on account of the 
C-^'^'^r '^ railroad, led Ij.y Sim- 

V^^^>^ eon Tappy and Dr. II. Doster. 
'i^Xi It is situated about seven miles 
southwest of Jjlufi'ton, in the ex- 
treme soutlieastern cornel- of 
Liberty Township, and was laid 
out by ^[r. Tap])y, September 4, 
1871, lie giving tlie land foi' the 
depot and ]>aying out money as 
an inducement to the i-ailroad 
The depot liere was secured in 
a successful opposition to Wellsbtirg, across 
Rock Creek to the north, which is conse- 
quently an abandoned point. It was first 
named Worth ington Crossing, or Worthing- 
ton,in honor of the superintendent of railroad; 
but as it was afterward ascertained that a post- 
otlice in this State already had that name, a 
new name was found in 1880 for the place, 
which it now bears. 

AVhen Poneto was laid out the only build- 
ings on the ground were Mr. Tappy's resi- 
dence and a saw-mill owned by Ur. C. T. 
JMelsheimer, which was afterward moved 

The business of Poneto is chiefly conducted 
by the following: Eph Knth, general store; 
Crawford Eddington, also general store; Wil- 
son, grocery; Joseph Kindlesparger and 
William 15. Jones, blacksmiths; J. F. Moore, 
shoemaker; John Hardwidgc, postmaster, and 
general store, inchiiling hardware; one barbei' 

The large brick business block, so conspic- 
uous in Poneto, was built by John Ilard- 
widge, partly in 1877, and afterward enlarged. 

S. M. King's saw and planing mills, with 
corn-feed mill and flour exchange attached, 
was flrst set in motion, in part, in 1882 or 
'83, when Fraidc Courtney brought his saw 
and planing mills here. lie sold to J. B. 
Plessinger, of Bluffton, who in turn sold to 
J. AV. Ileaton, and the latter to the present 
proprietor, in September, 1886. Mr. King 
employs five or six hands, and has in some 
lines plenty of work to do. Capacity of the 


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saw-inill, 8,000 feet ;i day. Tlic Hour-mill 
does excellent work. 

AtWellsbiiry is a tile factory hiiilt in 1877, 
and run by Hardwidgo A: Cook. 

TI((i J\Ietlio(list JijihcujHil (J/iirrch at 
Poneto comprises about forty members in full 
connection. Thomas ]>arnliower is class- 
leader, and "William Singer, assistant. Simeon 
Tappy is both local and district steward, 
and Alexander Lee i* a local steward. ]\Irs. 
Henrietta Tappy superintends the Sunday- 
school, which has about titty scholars. The 
present churcli building is a neat frame, 32x 
42 feet, completed in 1880, at a cost of about 
§1,200. The society was organized eight or 
ten years ago, with twenty-four members, 
and John Nicely, class-leader, and Isaac Sin- 
ger, steward. Pastors — Rev. J. W. Paschall, 
Charles Bacon, J. C. McLin, Henry C. flyers, 
I. N. Rhodes, Henry Bridge, J. B. Cook and 
B. S. Holapeter, the present minister. The 
greatest pn-iods of prosperity were under the 
ministrations of Revs. ]\[yers. Bridge, Cook 
and Holapeter. 

T/ie Ikeiff'tovMi Metfiodifit Episcopal 
C/n'.rc/i, a few miles east, has a membership 
of fifty, probably. Their building is a neat 
frame, 28x40 feet, built during the pastorate 
of Rev. H. C. Myers, and dedicated August 
8, 1880, by P.ev. L. W. ]\[unson. 

T/ie Baptist Church at Poneto was organ- 
ized June 21, 1880, with thirty members, by 
Rev. V>. Howard, a resident of Poneto. Tiie 
deacon was George Doster, and clerk, Henry 
ilann. Present membership, ninety. Dea- 
cons, Henry Mann and Daniel Jones. The 
1( inner is still clerk, and is also superin- 
tendent of the Sunday-school, which av- 
erages about seventy-five in attendance. 
The house of worship was erected in 1880, 
at a cost of about !S1,700. Pastors — Revs. 
B. Howard, James E. Leaky and E. L. 
Thompson, the present incumbent, who came 

from Buena Vista to this place in March, 

The United Bretltreii Church was organ- 
ized at Poneto about 1877, under the min- 
istration of Rev. Beaver, and erected a iiiie 
frame church edifice in 1882, 36x50 feet, 
seateil it, etc., but, failing to satisfy their 
creditors, it fell into the hands of the contrac- 
tor. The society meets at the school-house 
once in four weeks, where they also maintain 
a Sunday-scliool. Pastors have been : Revs. 
W. S. Fields, Robert Ross, James W. Nico- 
demus, L. T. Johnson and Edward Balduc. 
Class-leader, Thomas Grove. 

The school-house, about 25x30 feet, is con- 
structed of brick, and cost 8500 or SOOO. 
School is taught by Oscar Noe, and the aver- 
age attendance is about fifty. 

Liberty Township was first settled by 
Jaines Jackson and Henry Mosslnirg, in the 
winterof 1836-'87, both of whom are deceased; 
the latter was an aged man on his ari'ival 
here. During the following autumn came 
G. H. King, before mentioned, and Johnson 
King, who died iLirch 10, 1842. Tiie former 
is the oldest living i-esident in the township. 
In 1838 there arrived here James Hiram 
Jackson, whose oldest son is still residing 
here, and David Chapman, aged and soon 
becoming blind, who died in an early day. 
The next year there settled here Stuart Bolton, 
Jjenjamin Mendenhall and John McFarren 
(grandfather of George F. McFarren, tlie 
Bluffton merchant), all of whom died many 
years ago; also David Goings, who afterward 
moved to Delaware County, and is now living 
in Kansas; George Sparks, who sold out and 
lived elsewhere for a time, but is now a resi- 
dent of the county again; George P. Mann, 
county surveyor a number of years, now de- 
ceased, and James ^L Meri'iman, who still 
resides upon the farm he first (jccupied. In 
1840 came John Hupp, who is still living 





■ ■".^■■-.■,"^-l-ln".."lJJ 





upon liis original farm, and Jolm Miuicie, 
deceased; and in 18-il Jacob First, wiio is 
still iivin;^ at the " (Jenter," witii Mr. J. \V. 
Jiinear. JIc was one of the first trustees of 
the townsliip, and lield tliat office many years. 

The township was organized, and the iirst 
election held, at tlie honse of Johnson King, 
the inspector, on the first Monday of April, 
184-2. As there were only nine voters at this 
election, and live of them were required to 
fill the board of ofiicers, they did not wish to 
spend the day in idleness after they had all 
voted; and as the polls could not be legally 
closed until 4 i'. m., they covered their ballot 
box, which was a hat, with a handkerchief, 
set it aside, and improved the day in rolling 
logs for Mr. King, thereby getting in a f\ill 
day's work and holding the election at the 
same time. 

The names of these nine voters were James 
Jackson, Henry Mossburg, G. 11. and John- 
son King, Jacob First, John McFarren, Da- 
vid Goings, John Muncie and John Ilupp. 

The first road opened through Liberty 
Township ran from JJlufl'ton to Jackson Town- 
ship, leaving tlie center of Liberty to the 
right. It was surveyed with a pocket com- 
pass, about 1839 or '-40. It has long since 
been obliterated by farms. The next road 
was the jjresent north and south road running 
through the " Center," on a section line. 

In aid of the Narrow Gauge road the town- 
ship paid nearly 1?!),000. 

The first school taught in the township was 
kept by George F. Mitchell, in a cabin built 
by Ilenry Stites, on section 28. Since then 
trees have grown up on the site fifty to sixty 
feet high, but have been cut away and the land 
reduced to cultivation. The second school in 
the townsliip was tauglit by Lorenzo Irwin, 
in a cabin southwest of Liberty Center. 

The Metliudlst Protestants have an organ- 
ized society of eleven members, in the north- 

western part of the township, with bright 
])rospects for increased strength. In the 
northeastern part of the township they have 
a class of fourteen. 

I'lanch Chapel, Methodist Protestant, two 
miles west of Toneto, is a frame, 32x42 feet, 
erected about 1881. Tlie society, which had 
been organized many years previously, now 
numbers fifty-six. 

The " NciO Lights " have a society at Lib- 
erty Union Church, a frame, 30x50 feet, built 
in 1873, in the northwestern part of Liberty 
Township, and free to all denominations. 


called Newville until about 1870, is a village 
of about 350 jjopulation, seven miles up the 
river from Eluffton, being in a southeasterly 
direction and on the other side of the river. 
Likeilurray, it never obtained a railroad, tmd 
therefore shows signs of dilapidation. Very 
good people live here, however, and many of 
the buildings look new and neat. It was laid 
by James Iliggins and Christian Sowers, 
September 21, 1848. 

Business: AVilliam Atertz, Jr., postmaster 
for the last thirteen years, keeps drugs and 
groceries; Fitzpatrick & Son, Geisel k. Haug, 
and Samuel Mosiman, general stores; the 
latter also keeps tin and hardware; M. Hen- 
nefort and William F. Mosure, blacksmiths; 
Samuel Siegrist, wagon maker; August Miil- 
ler and Leonard Tremp, shoemakers; Mrs. C. 
Biberstein and Mrs. Waltemath, milliners; 
Mrs. Maggie Bixler conducts the Bixler 
House; Dr. J. D. Fitzpatrick, physician. 

A. Daelhouscn's woolen factory was started 
over twenty years ago, and he has had it since 
1875. The factory has 180 spindles, one set 
of cards, and about five hands are usually 
employed. Yarn is the principal product, 
which is shipped to dealers in neighboring 
towns. Steam power. 


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Isaac Nortli & Co., since 1881, liave owned 
the fiouring-millj whicli lias two run ot"l)urrs 
for wheat and one for corti, and is run liy 
eitiier steam or water power; engine, tliirty- 
liorse power; capacity, about fifty barrels of 
flour per day. The mill was originally built 
in early times and has been several times 
remodeled. Only custom work is done 

Meyer & Gehrig own and run a saw-mill 
across the river south, and a tile factory and 
bi-ickyard in the uortliern portion of the 

Ferdinand i'iberstein lias a saw-mill in the 
village, which he runs a portion of tlie time. 

For music. Vera Cruz has a cornet band of 
twelve or fourteen pieces. 

The village was incorporated in 1870. 
Present trustees: Ernest Heche, John Meyer, 
and the third has just resigned. 

The four oldest residents in this vicinity, 
who came here previous to 1850, are William 
Mertz, Sr., David Buehler, Mrs. Joray and 
Mrs. Mar\' Boivine. 

The graded school building of Vera Cruz 
was erected in 1868, and is a two-story frame 
that will accommodate 125 pupils, which is 
the number of the present enrollment. It 
comprises two grades. 

*S7. Johii's Reformed Clnirch. — The first 
members of this church catne into the neigh- 
borhood in the spring of 184:1, namely, 
Christian Saurer, Peter Meyer and John 
iloeschberger; and half a year later David 
Buehler arrived. All these were from the 
canton of Berne, Switzerland. 

The first minister was Rev. Knabc, who 
preached every six weeks here, two years in 
Mr. Saurer's house and two in Mr. Mueller's. 
Tiienceforward for some time there was oc- 
cassional preaching by Revs. Baier, Alter- 
niatt and Bossard, from Fort Wayne. Some 
of the parents here sent their children to that 

distant point — about thirty miles — for cate- 
chetical instruction. 

In 1849 a Lutheran preacher named 
Kleinekaes organized a Reformed Lutheran 
church, and at that time a parsonage was 
built, which also served as a meeting-house. 
He remained but a year. Afterward Kev. 
Chambourd began preaching here, and by 
this time there were several French families 
in the neighborhood who were believers. 
They began to make preparations for build- 
ing a church on a lot donated by Ferdinand 
Hitter, but before the work was far advanced 
the material was unfortunately consumed by 

No regular pastor succeeded until about 
1854, when Mr. Dechandt came, and under 
his auspices the church was built, and dedi- 
cated by Rev. Bentz, acting in union with 
the "Albright Methodists " (Evangelical As- 
sociation) until about 1859. This edifice, 
built rather for the use of the French ele- 
ment of the church, was sold not long after- 
ward for a private residence. The pastors 
succeeding for a time, with occasional vacan- 
cies, were Hevs. Fenneinan, Schulze, Jaeckel 
(who was killed by being thrown out of a 
buggy), Stepler, Gehring, Iluellhorst, Bolli- 
ger, P. Vitz, 1877-'83, since which time bis 
son, J. Otto Vitz, has been pastor. Tliis 
gentleman is a scholar of great talent and of 
polished manners. 

Present membership, about 220; elders, 
F. Engeler, John Kohler and Philip Bau- 
mann; deacons, Daniel l^uehler, Gottlieb 
Saurer, William Baumgertner and Benedict 
Lininger ; Sunday-school superindentent, 
Frederick Engeler. Average attendance at 
Sunday-school, about seventy. A ladies' 
missionary society, with about twenty 
members, meets at the church once a 
month, and for sewing once a month 
at some private residence. Religious serv- 



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ices every Siiiidny. A tine two-story pur- 
soiiugc, liiiilt in 1880, is provided for tlie 
minister. The present prosperity of this 
cliureli is greater tlian ever. 

ilr. Vitz has chari^^e of two other ciinrclies 
in this vicinity, hotii of whieii are in Adams 
County. St. I.nke's, fonr and a half miles 
north and two east of ^ ei'a Criii:, was organ- 
ized in 1S57, by P. Vitz. Henry l>illmann 
was the deacon. In 1870 that congregation 
was connected with the Vera Cruz charge. 
In 1871 the churcli building, a frame, was 
tiedicated. Present membership, eighty-seven 
and a Sunday-scliool. The Church of the 
Cross, eleven miles southeast of Vera Cruz, 
is a tranie structure, where there are about 
ninety members and a Sunday-school. The 
church WMS organized December 12, 1869, by 
Rev. F. lluellhorst. 

The Eraiujelical Assocuition at Vera Cruz 
was organized in 1853, under the ministr}' of 
S. I)ickuver, presiding elder, and Andrew 
Nicolai, preacher in charge, and John Fox, 
junior preacher, with a membership of twenty. 
The pastors since then have been, though not 
in the order here grven, G. A. Hartel, Joiin 
Fo.\, C. Clans, and then, in order, J. Iv. and 
E. 11. Troyer, Jacob Miller (two years eacli), 
George Roederer and 0. C. IJaier (three years 
each) and John Hoffman, tlie present pastor, 
since ilarch, 188G. Under Rev. Rocderer's 
ministry was perhaps the greatest revival. 

At present there are fifty-five members. 
Jacob Mosiman, class-leader; AVilliam Mertz, 
assistant class-leader and Sunday-school 
superintendent; J. I. Moser, Steward. Aver- 
age attendance at Sunday-school, ninety- 
six. There is also an auxiliary missionai-y 

The house of worship, a frame that will 
seat 250 persons, was dedicated in l>i55, by 
Rev. George Platz. There is also a par- 

Mr. Hoffman has charge also of a society 
in the Gottschalk settlement, three and a iialf 
miles south of Vera Cruz. It was organized 
in 1853. Present mcmbershij), si.xty-eight. 
Class-leader, Henry Shoemaker; e.xhorter, 
Henry Kreps; Sunday-school superintendent, 
John 1 'locker. 

MeniuinitfS, from Switzerland, who are 
said to be very exclusive in their religious 
views, have a society which meets in their 
church, about a mile north of Vera Cruz. 


This beautiful village of about ninety in- 
habitants is aj)propriatoly named, as it is 
situated at a ford where Rock Creek rip])les 
poetically along over a tine rocky bed, and is 
in the southwest corner of Rock Creek Town- 
ship, and about seven miles west of Rluffton. 
Postoffice, Parber's Mills. It was laid out 
September 21, 1819, by Solomon Johnson 
and Matthew Davis. 

The present business of the place is con- 
ducted by ilorgan Ware, general store; C. C. 
SwAim, postmaster,, hardware and groceries; 
H. F. Lncabaugh, dry goods and groceries; 
William Johnson & Son, blacksmitiis; Brown 
(k AVare, tile factory, started about 1872; 
Eraner Bros., tile factory, established about 
1880, across the creek, east of Rockford; 
Rediling & Coolman, tile factory, a mile and 
a half south of town, started in 1886; Milton 
Davis, saw-mill, across the creek, east of 
town, running since 1875; Drs. J. W. and C. 
II. English, physicians, both regular. An 
effort was once made to establish a saloon 
here, but was soon starved out. 

In an early day Rev. Ilallet Barber built a 
water-power saw and grist mill at Rockford, 
about twenty rods below the present bridge. 
Afterward an engine was ])Ut in, which m 
March, 1877, explo<led, killing two men and 
wounding several others. Pyle A: Brown 


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wero the projirieturs ;it tliu time. Tlic mill 
was never rebuilt. 

Tiie schuol-liouse of brick is awkwardly 
situated about a half mile southwest of town, 
where school is tanglit seven iimnths in the 
year, with an average attendance of sixty-five 
pupils, and oidy one teacher. To the com- 
mon branches there are added history, civil 
government, ])hysical geography, physiologj', 
etc. Present tru.stce, William ^Tiller. 

TJie li'irk Creek J/ct/idilust Episcopal 
Church, a half mile north of town, is a sub- 
stantial frame, 36 x 50 feet, erected during 
the pastorate of Eev. S. T. Stout, and dedi- 
cated in 1868 by liev. \\\ E. McCarty. Other 
pastors serving liere have been: lievs. Gal- 
breth, Gillum, Ramsey, Chester Church, C. 
AVoolpert, George Clai'k, Charles II. Murray, 
K. AV. Whitford, and the present is I. W. 
Singer. The ^rreatest revival was under the 
ministrations of Ilev. ('. AVot>lpert. AVhen 
the church was built, two classes were con- 
solidated for the yiurpose, and the present 
name assumed. ^lembership at that time, 
sixty-five, now increased to ninety-six. Class- 
leader, John Sales; stewards, Jonas Redding, 
R. Pyle, Riley Stanton and AVilliam CJillum. 
Mrs. Rartmess, superintendent of Sunda}'- 
school, which has an average attendance of 

The Roclford Reformed Church, 32 x 45 
feet, is also situated north of the village 
about three-qnarters of a mile. Membership, 
fifty or more. Pastor, Rev. Xanders, of 
Eluffton. Past ministers have been: Revs. 
John Naille, who dedicated the church. Wall, 
F. C. Withoff and Rretz. 

The Secentli-fJay Adventists in and about 
Rockford number about thirty-five, and are 
(April, 1887) intending to organize and build 
a church. They already have a Sunday-school, 
numbering from thirty-five to sixty-five, with 
Dr. J. AV. Crum as superintendent. Attend- 

ance at the social, thirty-five to forty. They 
also have a tract and missionary society of 
fifteen members. The following have preached 
for tlieni, mostly as "tent elders": A.M. 
Shortridge, of Mechanicsburg; AVilliam Hill, 
of Rochester; L. Thompson, of Rnssiaville, 
and F. M. Roberts, of West Liiierty, all of 
this State. 

St. PauVs Church, Rcfonncd and Luther- 
an, is a neat lirick edifice, about a mile east 
of the middle of the townsliip, 40 x 55 feet, 
and was built in 1880, on a lot of grouiid 
donated by Abram Mast. It occupies the 
place of tlie smaller church built in 1857. 
The house is still used by both denomina- 

The Sparks J/efhodist A'jnscopal Church, 
in the northern part of the township, has 
over fifty members and a house of woi-ship, 
a frame, that will seat 250. 

Ilarch Kcanijellcal Lutheran Church, also 
in the northern part of Rock Creek Town- 
ship, was built about 1875. Present elders, 
Joseph Seaman and Randall Schoonover; 
deacons, Jonathan Seaman and William 
Scott. Pastor, Rev. Waltman. 

Tlie Rock Creek Township Farmers' 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company was or- 
ganized in 1875, with about forty members; 
Isaac Fishbaugli, President; Joseph Lesh, 
Secretary, and Harrison Duff, Treasurer. 
They have a sinking fund and lend their 
money, the interest on which has paid over 
§3,000 in losses by fire and other incidental 
expenses, and in the spring of 1886 a surplus 
of $500 was refunded to the insured. Present 
officers: President, Jacob Farling; Secretary, 
Josepli Lesh, who has held that office since 
organization; Treasurer, Isaac Fishbaugh. 

The Rock Creek Township Horse-thief 
Detective Association was first organized 
about 1865, nnder the law, which arms every 
member with constabulary authority. Isaac 








Church wiis organized A]iril (!, ISHO, hy llcv. 
II. Wells, of Coluinbia CHty, who jireuched 
the first sermon, of this denomination, in 
Union Townshiji. Only eleven persons com- 
prised the membership at that time; present 
membership, about seventy-tive. Pastors who 
have since served — Eev. A. J. Gromer, Fred. 
Piiddle, J. G. Jaeobi and AV. AValtman, the 
present ministei', who resides at Kendallville, 
and commenced his pastoral duties liere in 

The United Brethren Church was organ- 
ized in 1855, in the school-house at Zanes- 
ville, by Rev. Gear, with only five members. 
William Ilaverstock was ai)])ointed class- 
leader anil steward, and served in these 
relations many years; and he has been a 
trustee ever since tlie first church building 
was erected. The ])reachers in charge have 
been: IJevs. Gear, McKee, Matthews, f)ay, 
I). R. Miller, John AVagner, George Miller, 
T. H. AVilliams, S. T. Mahan, L.T.Johnston, 
R. Ct. Wilgues, and Air. Abbott, the present 
incumbent. Nearly all these were residents 
of Zanesville during their pastorate. 

The old frame church, erected in 1857, is 
now Reed & Taylor's . carriage factory. The 
present edifice, frame and brick combined, 
was dedicated in September, 1884, by Rev. 
J. AV. Holt, from Dayton, Oliio. Its dimen- 
sions are 45 .\ 60 feet, and tlie building cost 
over $3,000. There is also a parsonage. 
Present number of members, about 100. 
Sunda3'-school of fifty to si.xty, presided over 
by A. AI. Keplinger. David F. Thomas, 
local preacher. The greatest revivals were 
under Revs. AVilliams and George Aliller. 

Tlie " Church of God " at Zanesville was 
organized about forty years ago, held meet- 
ings at private liouses, the school-house, and 
in the United Bretliren church, until 1808, 
when they erected a house of worship of 
tlieir own, 32 x 44 feet. It was dedicated by 

Rev. R. II. Polton, of AVestern Ohio. Par- 
sonage was bought in November, 1S8G. 
Present membcrshi]), about tliirty-five. Sun- 
day-school attendance, about forty; George 
Diffendaffer, superintendent; AV'illiam Peaty, 
assistant superintendent. Elders, George 
Diffendaffer and Jacob Barnett. The pastors 
liave been: Revs. W. AV. Lovett, Elias 
Pryan, John Shock, (leorge Smith, Isaac 
Alarkley, Mr. Fuller and Edward Miller, tlie 
present, since November, 1886. During the 
pastorate of Rev. Aliller has occurred a great 

The Methodists liad a small society here 
for a time. 

77/6' Chiwch of the Disciples at Union- 
town, a mile southeast of Zanesville, has been 
in existence since pioneer times. Present 
membership, sixty-five. Elders: AVilliam 
Walker, Thomas Pernau, J. AV. AValker and 
AVilliam Schoonover; deacons, Jacob S. Ziou, 
George Zion, S. D. Cartwi-ight and Joseph 
Red<ling. Sunday-school superintendent, G. 
AV'. Zion. Pastors luive been: Thomas Ber- 
nau, — Teeples, Aaron and Noah AV'^alker, E. 
AV. Hammond, Charles Austin, Mr. Newton 
and M. L. Blaney, of Kendallville, tlie pres- 
ent. The house of worsliip, a frame 32 .\ 30, 
was dedicated in 1853, by Elder Dowling. 

The '■^Brethren'''' have a meeting-house 
about three or four miles southwest of Zanes- 
ville, called the " Eight-Mile District Breth- 
ren Churcli," with a society of twenty-two 
members. Tiiey organized in 1833, under 
the ministry of Rev. J. II. Bowman, of Kan- 
sas. Deacons: George A. G. Sonner and 
Ezekiel Roe. Pastor, Rev. AV. M. M. Ham- 
ilton. They hold a lialf interest in the 
church building next described, from wliicli 
they came. Services twice a month in the 

Tlie German Baptist Church, two and a 
lialf miles southwest of Zanesville, a frame 




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40 X 55 feet, was erected in 1875. The meiu- 
lioi'iliip is scattered and there is no shepherd. 

The Prosjitct Mci/ioJint A'j)iscojjal Church, 
in Union Tt)\vnsliip, is a frame 35 x 50 feet. 
JJedicated in lS(32, by JJr. Kobinsou, of Kort 

LimI<jc No. J/7, F. cG A. Jf., at Zanes- 
ville, lias twenty-two nieiiibers. Charter 
granted .May 25, 1S75. First oiHcers: W. 
E. ^Vngevine, W . ]\i.; James M. Young, S. 
W.; E.^J. Felts, J. AV.; D. B. Ward, Treasurer; 
,7. E. F. Thomas, Secretary; Cyrus Young, S. 
D. ; William Shoup, J. D.; C. B. Austin, Chap- 
lain; Benj. Hamilton, Steward. Present 
otKcers: Cyrus Young, W. ]\[.; M. C. Ham- 
ilton, S. AV.; AVilliain Putt, J. AV.; AA'illiam 
J. Beaty, S. D.; James Simonton, ,J. I).; 
Juhn McClave, Steward; James K. P. Shep- 
ler, Tyler. 

Oi/il Fc'Iloirnhijj is also flourishing in 

Union Township was organized in 1S47, 
immediately after the land was brought into 
market from the ]\[ianii Indian reservation. 
The settlers in 1847 were: William liosseau, 
who afterward moved into Allen County; 
James Edmundsoh, deceased, who settled on 
the luilianapolis road, near Eight-Mile Creek; 
John AVandel, who moved to BlnfFton; Joseph 
Kich, deceased; Joseph Davis, moved away; 
Milton Davis, moved AVest; E. Bagley and 
Jacob Dewitt. In 184S A. Housel, who 
moved near Ossian; AVilliam AValker, still 
living; John Felts, now living at Benton 
Harbor, Michigan; AVilliam Bell, deceased; 
S. B. Caley, now living near Murray; Henry 
Chrismorc, died many years ago;. Simon 
Krewson; and about the same time, Michael 
Mason; James Cartwright, dead; L. S. AValk- 
er, who lives in Allen County; and Robert 
McBride, also deceased. 

The tirst justice of the peace was Joseph 


a village of 150 iidiabitauts, three miles west 
of Kingsland, on the Chicago A: Atlantic 
Railroad, was surveyed and platted in 1882, 
and George C. Ditzler estal)lislied a saw-mill 
on the southwest corner of the Garilenour 
farm, leasing two acres and employing at the 
mill about lifty hands and ten to twelve 
teams. It was the largest saw-mill in the 
county. He sawed the lumber for the first 
business house at Uniondale. Present capacity 
of the mill, 15,000 feet a day. Average num- 
ber of hands employed, twenty, with six to 
eight teams. 

Mr. Ditzler also built the first residence at 
the place, and has cut the material for all the 
houses there. Henry W. Lipkey erected the 
first business house, and when the jiostofiice 
was estalilished there, January 21, 1880, he 
was ajijjointed postmaster, and lie is also 
ticket agent for the railroad. The general 
store is kept by hiui and AVilliam Newhard. 

Josepli A'ost, the first harness-maker here, 
opened his shop in 1S85. The grain dealer 
is AVilliam Newhard, who has a small ware- 
house. Geoi'ge ^leixel, the first landlord, 
runs the Union House, which he opened in 
1884 (the village was first called Union), and 
has also a livery stable. 

There are also a blacksmith shop and a 
wagon shop. 

The lu'angelical Lutheran Churcli, at 
Uniondale is in Ro(^k Creek Township. Mem- 
bership probably half a hundred. Pastor, 
Rev. AV. Waltman. 

is another new village recently sprung up on 
the Chicago & Atlantic Railrt>ad, a mile west 
of Uniondale; was named by the editor, Mr. 
Roth, of the Bluffton Banner, in honor of 
his pa]ier, and now has about 150 inhabitants^ 



.; '1 

..... ! I .': . 






It is on the line diviil 
(/reek townships. 

The first business house establislied liere 
was started by Levi Waikel, who is now 
running a saw-mill, as well as a general 
stoi'e. lie also built the iirsl residence. 

Tlie railroad has nut yet established a 
station here. 


is the railroad station at tlie crossing of the 
Fort Wayne, Cincinnati & Louisville and the 
Chicago & Atlantic railroads. 

The Preshijterian Clnirch here will seat 
about 250, and was dedicated in the spring 
of 1SS7. The society was organized in No- 
vember, 1886, and now has a membership of 
forty-four. Elders, Daniel X. Ilanna, JJon- 
aldson Wilson, David T. Wasson and Evan 
L. Chalfant. They have also a Sunday- 
school. • 


a village on the Chicago & Atlantic, live 
miles east of Kingsland, was platted in 1882 
by Michael C. Line. Samuel Kunkle was 
the ]n-o]irietor of forty acres, and he lirst laid 
it out into lots. ^Ir. Kuid<le was also the 
first postmaster, and the fii'st to open a store 
and hotel. J. A. Ijowman, the present post- 
nuister, was appointed in February, 1887. 
He is now the oidy merchant <^f the place, 
and he keeps a general stock of goods; has 
also a warehouse. A good saw and planing 
mill exists here. 

Dr. N. Bergman is the first physician; 
Dr. S. D. JJeaver is a young man just from 
Adams County. 

The township school-house is at one corner 
of the village. 

Population, about 150. 

This is a place of some imjiortance, as 
there is nearly a mile of switch here, and it 
is the point where railroad trains pass. 

The first child born in Tocirin was 
family of Samuel J'iunkle. 


This is tlie postofKce name, and becoming 
the exclusive popular name of the old village 
of Lancaster, sometimes called Xew Lancas- 
ter, tlie oldest point in Wells County. The 
oldest resident here is Mrs. Sally Aker, for- 
merly Mrs. Harvey, who came here in 1833. 
Jacob Miller is probably the next Another 
man of the same name settled liere before 
him, but moved to Missouri, and is not now 
living. For the other first settlers here, see 
the general chapter on '• Early Settlement." 

Murray was hiid out by Jesse Gerhard, 
Octolier 17, 183'J, and sui.secjuently W. IL 
Deam and ]\Ir. Matthews made additions. 
The town is pleasantly situated on the north 
bank of the 'W^ibash, but has not been pros- 
perous lor many years, as it is near the 
county seat and no railroad has ever touched 
it. Population, about 150. 

The business interests are conducted by 
Lewis F. Shreve, dry goods; Peter Clemence 
and George C. AVebber, shoe shops; Webber 
et llarnish, drug store; J. N. Fink, black- 
smith; James Sutton, postmaster; J. C. 
Fulton, physician, and the two following 

Stafibrd & Eversole's grist-mill was first 
built in 1837, the first in the county, by 
Jesse Gerliard. It has several times since 
been remodeled. It has two run of burrs, 
and is still run by water-power. The present 
firm formed their partnership in Xovember, 

L. I. Staver, since 1882, with a twenty 
horse-power engine, finds employment for 
three or four hands in a saw-mill which was 
built three or four years previously by 
George Ditzler and Peter ( kMiR-ncc 

The present sChool-house, brick, erected in 














•I I.' ^h 7 ; ;k ,U 

'*-': (144 



1884:, is occupieil lialt" tlie yciir liy fifty to 
sixty pupils. 

The tirst school in this township was 
taught in the wintrr of 1S88^'3'J, \,y A. I!. 
Wangh, in u lo^' caliiii with puncheon tloor, 
inside mud and stick chimney, and greased 
paper which served as window lights. This 
cabin was situated on the Harvey t'arm. 

The principal church at Murray is the 
United Presbyterian. It was organized June 
16, 1846, by Kev. J. F. Kerr, of tlie Michi- 
gan Presbytery, with fourteen members, and 
John ( )gden and John Fulton as elders. Since 
then it has seen some prosperity, having as 
hi<Th as eighty members when Kev. Mr. 
Glenn was pastor, but at present there are 
oidy twenty members, who meet only occa- 
sionally. They have no pastor at present. 
The elders are IMatthew and Henry Park and 
John Ogden. The principal pastors have 
been Kevs. John D. Glenn, David Morrow, 
^Robert Gray, ]\Ir. ]\rain and James ^IcGrea. 
The house of worship is a frame, 32 x 52 feet, 
and was completed in 1855, during the jiiis- 
torate of INIr. Morrow. Sunday-schools are 
maintained during the summer. 

T/ie Preshyterkiri Clmrch is a frame, 40 
X 50 feet, dedicated in 1861, by Rev. AV^ilson 
IM. Donaldson. The membership, which has 
been nearly a hundred, has so diminished 
that no pastor is maintained. A small Sun- 
day-school, of perhaps twenty-five pupils, is 
sustained during tlie summer, with Archibald 
AVaugh as superintendent. 

Tlie Christian Chiireh, across the river, is 
a frame, 36 x 40 feet, and dedicated in 1S65, 
by Elder Peter Weihbrenner. The member- 
ship, once nearly a hundred, has so dimin- 
ished that no regular services are maintained. 
Sunday-school in summer. Among the min- 
isters serving there have been Revs. James 
Atchison, Peter AV'^eiubrenuer, Thomas Whit- 
man, .1. J. Markley and James Greer. 

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Tlie Uiiitt'J Brethren Church (Saleni), 
about two miles north of the center of tlie 
township of Lancastei', on land ilonated 
l;y James Dai ley, has been burned down 
twice. It was first burned during tlie war, 
was rebuilt in 1872, and July 22, 1874, 
it was burned by an incendiary; loss, over 

First justices of the peace in Lancaster 
Township, 1S41 and after, were James Dailey 
and Penjamin I'rown. 


is a small hamlet on the raili'oad near the 
center of Chester Township, where AV. 11. 
Templeton and Eph Ruth keep general stores, 
F. P. Risley a drug store, James Bell, the 
station agent, a grocery, James Jackson a 
blacksmith shop, and John Dougherty A: Co., 
of Plufl'ton, a saw-mill, which is doing a 
lively business. C. B. Abshire has a ware- 
house. Mr. Templeton is the postmaster. 
P(^]inlution, about 150. 

A good brick school-house exists near Key- 
t-tone, costing about ^900. 

Keystone, which, after an exciting contest, 
was finally named in honor of tjie Keystone 
State, was laid out April 19, 1872, by Luther 
Twibell, an old pioneer. 

Tlie J\rethodist Protestant Church here 
was organized in 1883-'84, with ten mem- 
bers, which has since been increased to forty. 
Sunday-school, about sixty pupils; Henry 
Cottrill, superintendent. Robert Travis and 
< ). P. French, local preachers. Pastors have 
been: Rev. J. C. McLin and T. F. Ran- 
soijher, the incumbent since September, 1886. 
Church building is 32x44 feet in dimensions 
and was erected in 1885, at a cost of §1,200. 

The United Brethren Church was organ- 
ized in the winter of 1886, with about fifty 
members. Meet in the Methodist Protestant 
church every two weeks. Rev. E. Balduc is 

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the pastor, yiimlay-scliool, witli tliirty-tive 
pujiils, is superintended by Henry Cottrill, 
in unison witli tlie Protestant Methodists; 
Mollie Ransoplier, assistant superintendent; 
class-leader, Rev. B. 11. B. Ilolcom; steward, 
William Twibell. This church also has a 
strong society at J\lt. Zlon, a hamlet in the 
northwest corner of Chester Township. 

Ehenezer Baptist Churcli, east of Key- 
stone, was organized about thirt}' years ago. 
It has now about twenty-seven members, 
with William Ellsworth as deacon and Arthur 
Scott as clerk. The building was erected in 
1875, costing about $1,000. 


In addition to the history of I'luffton there 
is very little to say concerning this township. 
The churches ai-e noticed elsewhere, except 
the German Baptist on Six-Mile Creek, which 
still keeps up its organization. 

The iirst settlers in this township, within its 
present limits, were: Charles Bennett and 
Thomas W. Van Horn, in 1834; Gabriel 
Markley, John Markley and R. C. Bennett, 
Sr., in 1835; Adam Miller, James Guthrie 
and Alinon Case, in 1836; John Burgess, 
Michael Myers, A. W. Johnson and Daniel 
Miller, in 1837; Michael Whitmer, John 
Studabaker, Amos Townsend and C. Chalfant, 
in 1838; Nelson Kellogg, William Studa- 
baker, John A. Deam and William Foncan- 
non, in 1839. 

This township, like Rock Creek, embraced 
a large extent of territory, and when first or- 
ganized, in July, 1837, comprised besides its 
present limits all of JNottingham and the 
east three-fourths of Lancaster and Jellerson 
townships. As tiiese townships were severally 
organized, Harrison retained its name with- 
out furtlier organization. 

The firt-t election was held at the house of 

Adam Miller, with Thomas W. Van Horn as 


The first settler in this township was Jo- 
seph Blacklege, in 1837; Abram Stahl, John 
Nutter, Jacob Warner, Lyman Bass, Peter 
Gainer, Hezekiah Grimes, Isaac Haynes, 
Edward Haynes, Robert Smith, AVilliana 
Nutter and John Dawson came in 1838, 
Alonzo Loekwood, John Warner and others 
in 184:0. Blacklege is deceased; Stahl died 
in 1856; John Nutter was living in Ohio at 
last accounts; Warner is still living, in this 
township; the rest have died, most of them 
long ago. William Stahl, who resides in the 
extreme southwestern corner of the township, 
may be now considered one of the oldest 

Tlie township was organized January 4, 
1841. and the first election was held tiiat 
year in the Ilite cal)in, on section 14, when 
fifteen votes were cast. 

A German liajitist Chnrch exists in this 
township, of which Jacob Warner, Amos 
Garrett and John Shigley have been promi- 
nent members. Their house of worship is a 
frame and was erected in 1870. 


This township was organized March 1, 
1841, when the first election was held, at the 
house of Jonas Jarrett. 

The first settlers were: Henry McCullick, 
deceased; Newton Putnam, who left the 
county a few years ago; Alpheus T. Stevens, 
who moved away; Wilson I'rown, Thomas 
Blunt, died long ago, and Josepii Blunt went 
to Kansas; these all came in 1836. In 1837 
came John Lancaster and Benj. Starr, who 
are still living here, and Jonas Jarrett, who 
died several years ago. In 1888, Isaac Lan- 
caster, who did not long remain; Alex.\Valk- 










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cr, who is still here; John ]\Ic('nlli('k, wlio 
went to Wisconsin a nninher of years ayo, 
and J. ih'otlierton, wiio moved away and 
afterward died. Iti lS8'i), J.evi I'liillips, who 
moved toWiseonsiii and died; Franklin Spaul- 
ding, deceased several years ago, and James 
Jordan, dead long ago. In 1840, Samuel 
and Nathan Rice, both deceased, and Thomas 
Ilulet, who died three years ago. In 18-41 
arrived Joseph II. McOrath, who died here, 
and Sewell Snow, who diet! several years ago. 
In 1842, Daniel and Josejili Sells, hoth de- 
ceased, and James l!ell, the jiresent station 
agent, who has heeii elected county commis- 
sioner twice and appointed once. 


This lias obtained the sohriqitet of the 
" lost township,'" on account of the counties 
around it being so arranged that it could 
not be attache<l to any of them without 
forming an awkward projection. Chester 
Township was at first included under this 

The first settlers were Nathaniel I'atson, 
Daniel Jones and Leander j\Iorrison, in 1830; 
Elijah Y. Graves, Christopher Miller, Philip 
Roush, Isaac Wright and Andrew Morrison, in 
1878; Richard JMcIntire, Nnn Mclntire and 
Robert Alexander, in 1838; Dorsey Jlason, 
in 1839. 

The principal stream of the township is 
the Salamonie, which affords good drainage 
as well as stone for building puposes. The 
bottom lands along the stream are noted for 
their fertility and excellence. The first road 
opened was known as the Rluffton road, which 
commenced at the northeast corner of section 

2'J, and ran northeasterly through the town- 

In the year 1S3'J two school-houses were 
built, one at the center of the township, and 
tlie other in the east end. The first school 
was taught by James Wright. 

Several churches have flourished in Jack- 
son Townshi|), as the I'.ethel (United Breth- 
ren), with nearly a hundred members, the 
German Jiaptist, at Sugar Grove, also with 
seventy or more members, and the Protestant 
]\Iethodist, with about the same number. 
Their houses of worship ai-e new. 

Union Chapel^ Methndht Protestant, near 
the center of the townshi]), has a membership 
of 148. Class-leader, Mr. Miller; steward, 
Daniel Strou]i. Two local preachers, William 
Custard and William Ray. Their church 
building, 34 x 48 feet, frame, was ei-ected in 

j\[t. Zion, an initial village at the north- 
east corner of the township, contains a church 
owned by the United Brethren, where the 
Methodist Pi'otestants have a membership of 
fifty-three. Class-leader, Dr!Morrison; stew- 
ard, Thomas Arnold. 


Eagleville, a mile north of Murray, was 
laid out by William J. Kirk])atrick, Novem- 
ber 18, 1854. 

Craigville was laid out by William Ilart- 
man and Peter Iletrich, April 21, 1879. 

Coreyville on the east county line, was 
laid out by J. P. Drum and Peter Corey, 
:^[arch 25, 1859. The United P.rethren 
church, near this place, is a frame, erected in 
1877, and is free for all orthodox Christians. 

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^OWEN HALE, of Harrison Township, 
WiWi Wells County, Indiana, was born in 
""W Mason Connty, Kentncky, Jnly 4, 1801. 
His father, John Hale, was born in JIaryJand, 
and was a son of James Hale, a native of 
Enj^land, who immigrated to America and 
located in Maryland, and subsequently re- 
moved with his family to Kentuck}'. Being a 
slave-holder, he carried with him a number 
of slaves, but being opposed to involuntary 
servitude, he here set his slaves free, after 
they had cleared his farm and had made a 
home for him. He passed the remainder of 
his days on this farm. In 1802 his widow 
removed to Greene County, Ohio, with her 
son, with whom she made her home, 
afterward removing to Randolph County, In- 
diana, where she died some six years later. 
John Hale, the father of our subject, was 
married in Kentucky to Sarrah Bowen, a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, of AVelsh ancestry. She 
died January 2, 1813. They had three 
sons — James Hale, of Randolph County, In- 
diana, born about the year 1799, died in 1882; 
Bowen Hale, the subject of our sketch, and 
Silas Hale, of Greene County, Ohio, born in 

the year 1803; he still lives near and owns 
the old homestead in that connty. Jolm 
Hale removed to Greene County, Ohio, in 
the year 1802, where he followed farming 
and taiming until the year 1887; he then re- 
moved to Whitley County, Indiana, where he 
entered 1,120 acres of land from the Govern- 
ment in Whitley and Kosciusko counties, and 
built a saw and grist-mill, the first in that 
section of the country. In 1812 he joined a 
rifle company as a volunteer soldier, and served 
in Northern Ohio for one year. He died in 
AVhitley County, Indiana, on his farm, at the 
age of seventy-thi'ee years. Bowen Hale, the 
suliject of our sketch, was only one year old 
when his father removed to Greene County, 
Ohio. TIei'e his youth was passed on his 
father's farm near the now old town of Bell- 
brook, assisting his father in the tannery and 
on the farm; here, too, in a log school-house 
in the neighborhood, he received what educa- 
tion he possessed, which was sufficient to 
enable him to teach school as schools were 
taught in those days, lie having tilled that 
important position for a few months on the 
occasion of the sickness of the regular teach- 

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cr. IIo remainc'd with his father, his inotlier 
having died when lie was (jnite young, until 
he reached his majority, when lie left home 
and learned the ehair-makiiig business, which 
he followed for several years, workin;^ in 
J'aytcjn, ^enia and ( "iiieiniiati. Ouriiiy this 
time too he took a trip South, yoin^- down 
the Ohio and ^Mississippi rivers in a steam- 
boat. In the State of ^[ississippi he fal- 
lowed house-painting, having become skilled 
in that trade while paintiiij^' chairs in the slio]). 
After his return from this trip he engaged in 
the mercantile business in Tiellbrook, Ohio, 
until 1N84, wlien he sold his interest in the 
store, and came to Wells County, Indiana, in 
1835, his physician having advised him to go 
AVest for his health, telling him that unless he 
did so he could not hope to live very long, 
consefjuently he started into the woods to seek 
a home. He came down the AVabash liiver, 
and being charmed with the fertile lands 
along the Waliash, he stopped near the town 
of ]\[urray and resolved to make this his 
home. His father three years later passed by 
these lands and settled on the higher and 
more broken lands in Whitley County. Here 
Mr. Hale entered forty acres of land, hired a 
man to build him a cabin, and started to 
Cincinnati forastock of goods, having resolved 
to start a trading point to trade with the In- 
dians and the few wliite inhabitants in the 
county, there being only about twelve white 
families within tlie limits of Wells County. 
On his return, in the spring of 1830, he 
found that his cabin had not been built; but 
he went to work, and with the assistance of 
Henry AHller and others, he soon had a com- 
fortable cabin, suitable for store-room and 
living-room. His customers were mostly 
Indians, who were peaceable, yet, like all 
good Indians, were dangerous when filled 
with tire-water, dishonest and treacherous at 
at all times. His stock of dry goods, 

consisting of brass rings, whisky and such 
articles of clothing as the Indians usually 
wore, were converted into pelts, there being 
but little money in the country. These pelts 
were conveyeil usually on Henry Miller's 
wagon to Dayton, Ohio, or Cincinnati, and 
there sold. As a matter of course he left 
nothing behind in bis cabin, as the Indians 
ransacked that as soon as he was gone. The 
trip to Dayton and Cincinnati usually took 
about three weeks or longer. Although Air. 
Hale had made his home in this wild country, 
and in common with all that hardy race of 
pioneers, the first settlers of AVells County, 
had many narrow escapes from wild ani- 
mals and wild men, yet he was strictly a man 
of peace, and never was a hunter, and tells 
with considerable satisfaction that he never 
killed but one deer in his life, and that he 
stood in the door of his cabin and shot. See- 
ing the deer quietly grazing in front of his 
door, an Indian who was present picked up 
his gun to shoot it, when Mr. Hale asked him 
to let him shoot, and he took his gun and 
shot, killing the deer. He often said he had 
all the hunting he wanted in keeping the 
turkeys, squirrels and other animals out of 
his corn fields. Mr. Hale was first married 
in 1837 to Miss Sarah James, a native of 
Virginia, who died in two years and three 
months after her marriage, without children. 
In the year 1840 he married Miss Mary Ann 
Deam, of Alontgomery County, Ohio, a 
daughter of Adam Deam, probably from Vir- 
ginia, who afterward removed to AVells 
County and settled near Murray and built the 
first grist-mill at that place. Adam Deam had 
four sons — Abram, AVilliam, John and James 
P. AVilliam and James P. each served as 
treasurer of AVells County; and four daugh- 
ters, liachel, Mary Ann, Harriet and Ann. 
Mrs. Hale died in the year 1872, leaving Mr. 
Hale again a widower. They had eight chil- 

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(Iren, seven of wlicnn survive — John D., clerk 
of Adams County, Hon. Silas A\'^., of (-icneva, 
Adams County; James P., of lilutl'ton; Lewis 
li., residing on the old homestead; I<hnerillas, 
wife of A. 1'. Vancmon; .lane, the wife of 
Daniel ilarkley, aTul -Mary, living at home 
with her father. At the organization of 
AVells County, in 1837, J'owen Hale was 
elected to the offices of auditor, clerk and 
recorder, or rather these three offices were 
then combined in one. lie continued to liold 
these three offices until 1841, when an audi- 
tor was elected and he was relieved of tJie 
duties of that office. Ten years later Wilson 
JM. I)ulger was elected recorder, leaving Mr. 
Hale with the office of clerk, which he con- 
tinued to hold until 1855, making a total of 
twenty years in the clerk's office alone, his 
timeTiaving expired by the limit of the Consti- 
tution, and although urged to accept it again he 
declined to do so. lie also for a short time 
during this ])eriod held the ofhce of postmas- 
ter, he being the first postmaster in the 
county. In the year 1858 he was elected to 
the office of maghstrate and tilled the office 
for three years. Again, in the year 1865, he 
was elected, against his wishes, to the office 
of county commissioner; he being indisjjosed 
at the time, was not even aware that he was a 
candidate until the day of his election. Thus 
is his history the history of Wells Count}'; 
coming into public life before the organiza- 
tion of the county, for twentj'-six years he was 
a servant of tlie people of Wells County, and 
her interest was his interest, and to say that he 
did his work well is wholly unnecessary; the 
people have said as much Ijy their ballots; 
never were the affairs of any county better 
or more honestly administei-ed. His records 
are neat, legible, perfectly formed, accurate, 
complete and excite the admiration of the 
most skilled attorneys. AVhen he removed 
from his farm near Murray he brought his 

dry goods store with him and continued in 
that business for a sliort time, his store being 
a log cabin on Market street, the town being 
then in the woods with heavy timber and 
thick underbrush in all the streets. lion. 
John Studabaker became his rival in business, 
his store being also on Market street, and 
they cleared the brush out of the street 
so that they might be able to see from their 
boarding-house, a square away, to their re- 
spective places of business. Mr. Hale tells, 
among man}' instances of his early pioneer 
life, of a young limb of the law who landed 
in Bluffton with the avowed intention of 
practicing his chosen profession. He sought 
Mr. Ilale and asked permission to make the 
clerk's office his law office for a short time, 
which request was granted, and the young 
lawyer sat down to work. Concluding it 
would be well to advertise his business, he 
wrote his card on a sheet of paper and posted 
the same on a tree standing at the crossing 
of ]\Iain and ]\Iarket streets. When Mr. 
Hale went to supper he walked up and read 
it, and after the young lawyer's name, in large 
letters, were the words " Eterney at Law." 
Jlr. Hale informed the young man of his 
mistake, who immediately tore down the ad- 
vertisement and left town; he located in an 
adjoining county, and now bears the honora- 
ble title of "Judge." Tlius, l)y a mistake in 
spelling, the town lost a lawyer, judge and 
citizen, ilr. Hale was always a Democrat, his 
first vote for President being cast for Andrew 
Jackson. He never was, however, much of a 
politician, according to the usual application 
of that term, and never electioneered for 
himself; it is said that he once started out 
for that purpose, but was so disgusted with 
the business that after going a few miles in 
the country he turned his horse toward home 
and never tried it again. When the civil war 
broke out two of ilr. Hale's sons enlisted, 

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niul ivt the liattle of Mission llidge Jolm D. 
was shot tliroiij^li the body, and lay in the 
hospital at Chattanooga, Tennessee. Mr. Hale, 
even then an old man, went to Cliattanooga 
and brought him liome. In 1858 Mr. Hale 
retired with his family to his farm, where he 
still lives at the ripe old age of eighty-six 
years. Truly he has been a faithful servant 
to the people of Wells County; has served 
them long and well, and he in return has 
been well rewarded by the love and confi- 
dence of the people. His strict economy has 
enabled him to lay up sufficient property to 
keep him comfortable in his old age, and his 
temperate habite have given him strength of 
mind and body, enabling him to endure the 
hardships of jiioneer life and to resist the 
ravages of disease, and now at the age 
of eighty-six his mind is clear, his memory 
good, his hand steady and he is in the full 
enjoyment of all his senses, with a prospect 
of many more years of a happy existence. 
In his earlier life he became a member of 
the Universalist church, and was for .many 
years a trustee of that church at Bluft'ton, and 
is still a believer in the doctrines as taught 
by Ballou, Cliapin and others. He also 
joined the ilasonic lodge at Bhiffton, and 
was for many years a member of Bliitfton 
Lodge, No. 145, and still believes in their 
teachings and lives in the hope of a blessed 

\Wwlt ^'itber of Hon. Hugh and John 
l'^:|S?j Dougherty, who are classed among 
the active and enteriirising men of Blutfton, 
was born in Westmoreland County, Pennsyl- 
vania, June 20, 1820, a son of Hugh Dough- 
erty. His parents were natives of Ireland, 

the motln'r being of Scotch- Irish ancestry. 
They left their native country for America 
in 1818, bringing with them their only child, 
Betsy, who is so well and favorably known as 
Aunt Betsy JMiller, she having married the 
late Daniel ^liller, and both were numbered 
among the pioneers of AVells County. Six 
children were born to the parents of our 
subject after coming to America — Margaret, 
widow of John Tillman; William, whose 
name heads this sketch; Hugh, deceased; 
John, of Jay County; Anna, wife of Craw- 
ford Edington, a merchant of Poneto, Indi- 
ana, and Edward, deceased. The father tirst 
settled in Westmoreland County, Pennsylva- 
nia, where he followed farming until 1831. 
In that year he removed with his family to 
Darke County, Ohio, and settled on a farm 
near Greenville, where he died about 1833. 
AVilliam Dougherty was reared to the avoca- 
tion of a farmer in Darke County, Ohio. He 
was united in marriage June 7, 1811, to Miss 
Jlargaret Studabaker, of Darke County, 
where she died August 15, 1860, at the age 
of thirty-nine years. Mr. Dougherty became 
a resident of Adams County, Indiana, in 
1874, where he made his home until his 
death, which occurred June 2, 1879, at the 
age of fifty-nine years. 

1H0MAS WALLACE, deceased, was a 
\y<. native of Ireland, born in county Done- 

gal, January 1, 1813, a son of James 
and Nancy (McClure) AVallace, who were 
natives of the same country. He grew to 
manhood in his native land, remaining with 
his parents until after his majority, and 
in his youth received a common-school educa- 
tion by attending the schools of his neighbor- 
hood. In 1833 he accompanied his father's 




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family to America, tbey locating in "Wayne 
County. Two years later our subject came 
to Wells County, Indiana, and entered ninety 
acres of Government land in Ilock Creek 
Township, which he cleared and improved. 
He was united in marriage in 1851 to Miss 
Agnes Crosby, a native of Berwickshire, 
Scotland, and a daughter of Thomas and 
Christina (Kelley) Crosby, who left Scotland 
for America in the year 1850. Ten children 
were born to Mr. and ^Mrs. Wallace, of whom 
only four survive, their names being as 
follows. — Christiana, Maggie, Mary and 
Martha. ]\Ir. Wallace followed agricultural 
pursuits on his farm in Rock Creek Town- 
ship until 1864, when he retired from 
active life and removed to Blufl'ton, where 
he made his home until his death. He was 
an active and consistent member of the 
Presbyterian church, and was highly esteemed 
by all who knew him. Mrs. Wallace is also 
a member of the Presbyterian church. In 
his political views ilr. Wallace athliatedwith 
the Ilepubliean party. lie was an active and 
public-spirited citizen, and was always inter- 
ested in any enterprise for the benetit or 
advancement of his town or county. 

f[OHN LANCASTER, retired farmer, 
1 Chester Township, was born in AVarren 
County, Ohio, February 24, 1810, son of 
John and Rachel (llaskett) Lancaster. Ilis 
father was born and reared in Bucks County, 
Pennsylvania, and when he was twenty years 
of age went to Florida with two friends, and 
was there married to a daughter of David 
Brown, who died in that country. lie after- 
ward removed to South Carolina, where he 
worked at his trade, that of shoemaker and 
tanner, and was there married to Rachel 

Haskett. They remained several years in 
South Carolina, and in 1796 removed with 
their four children to Miami County, Ohio, 
settling about seven miles southwest of 
Troy. They traveled the entire distance by 
team. When they went through Cincinnati, 
that great city of to-day, there were only 
about seven cabins on the hill, and the resi- 
dents tried very hard to get the travelers to 
remain there. Dayton was on tlieir route, 
and it also contained liut few cabins, and 
ilajor Williams, a noted !iian of that day, 
was the storekeeper. When they settled in 
IMiami C'ounty they were far removed from 
white neighbors, and quite near the Indians. 
They lived there eight or ten years, then re- 
moved to Warren County, where again they 
were early settlers. In 1820 they moved to 
Clinton County, near Wilmington, and in 
March, 1S33, they sold their property and 
came to Grant (bounty, Indiana, locating 
upon the spot where Jfarion now stands. 
The fiither died \n the fall of that year, and 
on the 9th day of September his wife started 
back to Miami County, where she died at her 
brother's in 1840. She was born and reared 
on Bush River, South Carolina. John fol- 
lowed the fortunes of the family for some 
time after his marriage, taking care of his 
mother in her last days. In 1837 he came 
to Wells County and camped out until fall. 
In the meantime he cleared six acres of 
land and hauled the logs to the place selected 
for his cabin, which he built that fall. 
Wolves, bears, deer and all kinds of wild 
game were abundant. He has killed as many 
as 500 deer in Wells County, and also several 
bears. There was a corn-cracker at Warren, 
fourteen miles distant, but he frequently had 
to go to Fort Wayne, and even to Cambridge, 
seventy-five miles away, to get his milling 
done. He at one time paid $18 for 100 
pounds of flour and a barrel of salt. He 









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was married in Clinton County, Oiiio, I^Iarcli 
1, 1S33, to iliss liutli Shields, a native of 
JJerkeley (!ounty, Virginia, and a dauj^hter of 
John and Ann (Kobison) Shields, natives of 
Virginia, and of Irish descent. Her parents 
removed to Clinton Countj' when she was 
hut a year old, and from there they moved to 
AVilmiiigton, the county seat, where her 
motlier dietl in 1S23, and her father in Sep- 
tember, 184:4. (Jf the eight children born 
to ilr. and Airs. Lancaster, only four are 
living. Xathan married Mary Stone; Ania- 
ziah married jNIatilda Ilolloway; Susan is the 
wife of AVilliam Mclntyre, and lives near 
]\[ill Grove, Blackford County, and Mary 
Miranda is now Mrs. Van Horn. The de- 
ceased are — John William, Martha Ann, 
George and Lewis. John William was a 
member of the Seventy-lifth Indiana Lifan- 
try during the late war. He lay sick at 
]\rurfreesboro a long time, was brought on 
the cars to JIuntington, and from there in a 
spring wagon, dying the third day after 
reaching home. lie left a wife, formerly 
Alargaret Helms, and one child. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lancaster are members of the Christian 
church, and in politics he is a Republican. 

l<lW;\]| at L'^niondale, came in 1859, with his 
r=oj;^ wife and three children, from Mahon- 
ing County ,Ohio, and made a location in Union 
Township, Wells County, Indiana. He pur- 
chased his land, which was all in the green 
with the exception of ten acres. He was a 
farmer in Ohio, and followed that avocation 
for man}' years after locating in Indiana. 
His cabin was the tirst that was built upon 
liis land, and is still standing, one of the few 
monuments of pioneer life to be seen in that 

neighborhood. His parents, Samuel and 
Elizabeth (Weaver) Newhard, were natives 
of Lehigh (Jounty, rennsylvania, and in the 
borough of Allentown our subject was born.' 
While residing in i'ennsylvania ]\Ir. and J\[rs. 
Samuel Newhard became the parents of tliree 
sons and one daughter — Samuel F., AVilliam 
J., Hillworth and Ellen M. In 1837 the 
family removed to Ti'umbull, now Mahoning 
County, Ohio, and there another son was 
born — Charles W. The death of the mother 
occurred in that county, but the fatlier is still 
living, at the ripe old age of eighty-three 
years. William J. is the only child that 
came to this State. December 15, 1853, he 
married Aliss Mary A., daughter of Joseph 
and Elizabeth (Hart) Ashburn, and they be- 
came the parents of seven children, six 
of whom are living — Sarah E., wife of 
Enoch Taylor; Henry N., who married Ollie 
Cotton, and William F. were born in Ohio; 
Emma E., deceased, wife of Clark Scott, 
Samuel AV., who married Annie Meeks, Ida 
Ij. and Oscar O. were born in this county. 
Mrs. Newhard died August 18, 1874, and in 
October, 1875, Mr. jS'ewhard married Miss 
Eliza Crum, of Mahoning County, Ohio. 
After coming to AVells County Mr. Newhard 
made several purchases of land, and now owns 
220 acres of linely improved land. After the 
new town of Uniondale was platted, in 1883, 
he hicgan to purchase grain, and was the lirst 
to engage in that business in the village. In 
1884 he built a residence in the village, leav- 
ing his sons, Henry H. and Samuel AV., in 
charge of the farm. Prior to his removal to 
Uniondale he had formed a partnership with 
Henry AV. Lipjiey in the mercantile business, 
and this enterprise was the first of its kind 
in the new town. In 1884 Mr. AV. F. New- 
hard became associated with his fatiier in the 
grain trade, and in 1886 Mr. Lippey also be- 
came a partner. Mr. Newhard was elected 





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justice of the peace of Union Towiishij) in 
1877, and served four years. He lias never 
Leen an aspirant foi' ollicial positions, l)ut at- 
tends strii'tly to liis Imsincss. Sint'o Aui!;ust, 
1886, he has purchaseil and shipped thirty- 
eight carloads. This enterprise is steadily 
growing, and a warehouse, 16 x 35 feet, was 
built in 1SS4. In ^[arch, 1886, a postotHce was 
established at Uniondale, chiefly through his 
instrumentality, and lleiiry W. Li]>pey was 
appointed po&tmaster, J\Ir. Xewhard serving 
as deputy. The otHce is located in their 
store, making it a central ])lace for trade. 
!Mr. Xewhard is not only a pioneer farmer, 
but is one of the fii-st business men of 
Uniondale, one of the most thriving villages 
of its size along the line of the Chicago it 
Atlantic liailroad. 

§ACOB AVARXEK, farmer, Nottingham 
Township, was bory in the town of AVash- 
",■<. ington, Pickaway County, Ohio, Novem- 
ber 17, 1812, son of Leonard and Eve (IJiddle) 
"Warner, of German ancestry, who removed 
from l^ennsylvania to Pickaway County, 
whore they jiassed the remainder of their days. 
The father ilied about I8;j7, and the mother 
about 1874:. Jacob was reared in his native 
county, and commenced his career on the 
farm when so young that he had to reach up to 
take hold of the plow-handle. In 1836 he left 
(Jhio, and with wife and one child started for 
Indiana by team, and after a trip of seven 
days arrived at their new home, which was 
about a half mile north of their present home. 
Mr. Warner had entered llJO acres of land 
from the tiovernment prior to removing here, 
and after his arrival he entered eighty acres 
more for two young men who assisted him in 
clearing his farm. The tirst year he suc- 

ceeiled in getting about tifteen acres cleared, 
wliicli gave liim a good .-^tart. lie brought 
with him twi) bushels of corn and one bushel 
of potatoes, which was all he was aljle to get 
until he raised these articles for himself. Ho 
worked away, adding a little to the clearing 
each year, until he now owns 210 acres ot 
land, with 150 acres cleared, lie used to go 
to Winchester, a distance of thirty miles, to 
get his milling done, and in order to get 
there lie and his neighbors had to clear the 
way through the forest. Mr. Warner was 
mairied in 1S36 to Miss Rebecca Gilbert, a 
luitive of Adams County, Pennsylvania, who 
died in ^[arcli, 1848. J!y tliis union were six 
children, three living — Leonard, Jonathan, 
who resides in Prown County, Kansas, and 
])avid. The deceased are — Benton, Daniel, 
and one that dieil in infancy. !Mr. Warner 
was married to his present wife in 1849. 
She was formerly i\[is6 Sarah Gehrett, a 
native of J'erks County, Pennsylvania, and 
daughter of Henry and Susanna (l-'eehan) 
Gehrett. ller father died in that county, 
and her mother died in Fairfield County, ()hio. 
To this union ten children were born, six ot 
whom are living — Rebecca, wife of Sylvester 
]\Ieyers; Samuel, who mari-ied Louisa Keller; 
Jacob, who married Josie Kai'nes; Henry, 
husband of Sarepta J. Ninde; Kve, now ^[rs. 
George King, and Andrew, who married Ida 
Smith. The deceased are — George, Andrew, 
Sarah and Susaniui. Mr. Warner has been 
identified with the interests of AVells County 
for more than half a century, and has wit- 
nessed its growth from the time it was a wil- 
derness, containing the Indian wigwams, until 
it has arrived at its present prosperous condi- 
tion. In early days he was accustomed to 
shoulder his rifle and kill deer and other game, 
which was the only meat the country afforded. 
He was the first supervisor of Nottingham 
Township, and sei'ved as its trustee for many 


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years. lie lias been a life-long Democrat, 
and has never changed his political faith. 
He is the oldest pioneer in the township. 

J^IIILIP EICIIIH^KN, deceased, was born 
k'^t in Baden, German}', Jnne 8, ISOS, a 
^^K son of John and Philicia (Berkchicker) 
Eichhorn. He was reared on a farm in his 
native country, remaining there until 1835, 
when he immigrated to America and located 
in Crawford County, Ohio, where he was 
married January 8, 1837, to Miss Margaret 
Hassler, a daughter of Frederick and Barbara 
(Baker) Hassler, who were also natives of 
German}'. They left their native home May 
8, 1833, in the ship Eserliart, and after a 
voyage of ninety days, landed at l?altimore, 
August 8 followiTig. Fi'om Baltimore they 
started by team for Crawford County, Ohio, 
and four weeks later arrived at IMansfield. 
Here ^Ir. Hassler purchased a farm, where 
lie and his wife passed the remainder of their 
days. After his marriage ^[r. Eichhorn set- 
tled on his father-in-law's farm, where he re- 
sided until coming to AVells County, 
Indiana, in .March, 1804, where he purchased 
4(30 acres of land in Rock Creek Township, 
and about the same time he bought 360 
acres of land in Huntington County, and spent 
the rest of his life on his farm in Rock 
Creek Townshi]). He died October 11, 1804. 
In politics he always attiliated with the Dem- 
ocratic party. He was an earnest member of 
the Reformed church, his wife being yet a 
member of the same church. She was born 
November 14, 1810, and is still living in 
AVells County at the age of seventy years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Eichhorn had born to them 
nine children as follows — Frederick, AVilliam, 
John, Daniel, Elizabeth, Mary, JJavid, ilar- 

garet and Philip A. Frederick was born 
November 17, 1839, and died July 10,1870. 
He was married and was the father of three 
children. The date of William's birth was 
ilarch 25, 1841. John was born December 
28, 1842, was married and had two children. 
He died March 15, 1879. Daniel was born 
October 23, 1844. He is married and has a 
family of six children. Elizabeth was born 
February 15, 1847, was married, and died 
January 2, 1872. Mary was born August 
27, 1851, and is now the wife of Eli Iloutz. 
David was born September 11, 1852, is mar- 
ried, and has four children. Margaret was 
born August 8, 1855, and was the wife of 
Uriah Mast. She died May 6, 1874. Philip 
A. was born March 9, 1856. He was mar- 
ried and had two children. He is also de- 
ceased, his death taking place March 23, 1883. 

fOHN W. QUICK, one of the early set- 
tlers of Lancaster Township, residing on 
-,\, section 31, is a native of Pennsylvania, 
born in Northumberland County, in January, 
1821, a son of James and Jane Quick, who 
were natives of New Jersey and Pennsylva- 
nia respectively. The mother died on the 
old homestead in Pennsylvania about fifty 
years ago, and the father died not many years 
ago at the home of his son Levi, in Missouri. 
Of their eight children who grew to matu- 
rity John W., our subject, was the eldest. 
Three sons and one daughter are still living. 
The youth of our subject was spent in work- 
ing on the old homestead in his native State, 
attending the subscription school as opportu- 
nity afforded. When seventeen years old 
he went with his filher's family to Franklin 
Co\inty, Indiana, and one year later removed 
to Henry County, aud after remaining there 

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one year the t';unily located in Fayette 
('ounty. There our subject lielped his Iktlier 
to clear a farm in the wilderness, when he 
left the hoine roof and began working for 
liiinself. lie was married in Union County, 
August 22, 1847, to Miss Cordelia Beeler, 
wlio was reared in Oliio. ^^Ir. and Mrs. Quick 
lived in iljidison County, Indiana, a few 
years, clearing a farm from the wilderness, 
which they suld, and came to Wells County, 
settling on their farm on section 31, Lancas- 
ter Township, in November, 1854. That 
year lie occupied a log cabin, and the follow- 
ing year he settleil in a more cotnmodious 
log house on the site of his present fine resi- 
dence, which was erected in 1873, and is one 
of the best in his neighborhood. February 
28, 1SG3, his wife, who had helped him to 
build two pioneer homes, died. She was a 
consistent member of the ilethodist church 
from her youth, and always lived a practical 
Christian life in all her relations as wife, 
niotlier and neighbor. She left three chil- 
dren — Julia E., wife of Ilobert Reynolds; 
Emma K., living in Kansas, is the widow of 
E. A. Pattison, and Anna E., wife of Bruce 
W. Shoemaker. For his second wife Mr. 
Quick married JMiss Nancy Reasor, in Octo- 
ber, 1860. She was born in AVayne County, 
Ohio, June 18, 1838, a daughter of John and 
Sarah Reasor, who came to Wells County, 
Indiana, in 1854, and are now living in Not- 
tingham Township. Ily his second marriage 
Mr. Quick has six children — Clara May, Ina 
v., Lina ]j., Charles C, John F. and James. 
Both ilr. and Mrs. Quick are members of the 
Baptist church. In early days Mr. Quick 
was a AVhig in liis political atHliations, later 
a Republican, but during the past few years 
he has been a pronounced Prohibitionist. As 
a citizen Mr. Quick is highly respected. Hon- 
orable and upright in all business transac- 
tions, kindly in intercourse with all, he is 

held in high esteem by all who know him. 
llirt home is jirovided with all the necessary 
comforts of life, tlie result of a life of frugal- 
ity and industry. 

July 6, 1843, in Somersetshire, Eng- 
land. He immigrated with his parents 
to the United States of America in July, 
1848, and came to "Wells County, Indiana, 
in August, 1852, where he still resides. Re- 
ceived a common-school education from the 
district schools, also attended the high school 
near Portland, Jay Count}', Indiana, known 
as Liber College, conducted by Ebenezer 
Tucker, from 18G0 to 1865, and taught dur- 
ing the winters of same period. He com- 
menced the study of his profession in 1865, 
under Drs. James R. McCleery and Charles 
T. ]\[elsheimer, of Bluti'ton, Indiana, and re- 
mained under their careful tutorship until 
1867, and attended medical lectures at the 
University of Alichigan the same year. He re- 
ceived his degree of M. D. from the Western 
Reserve Medical College, of Ohio, in 1S68, 
and commenced the practice of his profession 
in the soutliern part of this county the same 
year. In 1^71 he attended Bellevue Hos- 
pital iledical College, New York, and re- 
ceived a diploma. The last fourteen years 
he has resided at Poneto, Indiana, and has 
been engaged in the practice of his profession 
and farming. He has a fine farm of 500 
acres, c(jntaining an artificial lake, covering 
about one acre of land, well stocked with 
German carp. Dr. Doster was married Sep- 
tember 27, 1866, to Sarepta Tewksbur}', born 
October 2, 1846, daughter of Simon and 
Polly (Porter) Tewksbury. Two children 
have been born to this union — Stella, born 
October 19, 1867, and Victoria, born No- 

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veiiiliLM- 19, 1S83. Stella rrnidiiatwl at the 
liiLrii sclion! at I51iitl't()ii ill ISSG, tiie in 
lier class of tliirty-i'uiir. In 1873 he visiteil 
Calit'oriiia and iK-arly all the Western Terri- 
tories. He was comuiissioniMl iiostinaster 
for Poneto in 1875. Financially he has been 
successfnl. In politics an indejiendent; in 
reliirion a liberal. 


niOMAS STURGIS, deceased, was born 
"y^. j.i near Longh Xeaj^li, County Armagh, 
'^■' Ireland, December 25, 1802, a son of 
I'ev. William Stnrgis. "When ten years old 
he was bronj^-ht by his parents to America, 
landinij: at New York June 25, 1812. The 
family settled at Shippensbnrgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, where the father died shortly after, 
leaving the care of his mother, si.\ sisters 
and a yoimger brother to our subject, which 
responsibility developed a manly and indus- 
trious character far be^'ond his years. AVhen 
about eighteen years of age lie began learn- 
ing the hatter's trade, serving an apprentice- 
ship, which trade he followed in Pennsyl- 
vania until he removed to Ohio. He was 
married in Pennsylvania iVngust 5, 1820, to 
Elizabeth Prasier, his wife being a native of 
Chambersburgh, Pennsylvania, born Febru- 
ary 7, 1807, a daughter of Rev. Jacob Jira- 
sier, a United Brethren minister. She became 
a Christian in early life, and when si.xteen 
years old was admitted into the full meniber- 
shijj of her father's church. Of tiie eleven 
children born to ilr. and Mrs. Sturgis, one 
died in infancy. Those yet living are — 
Charlotte, wife of W. T. AVliite, of lUuifton; 
AVilliam, of ]\Ioniteau County, i\Iissoui'i; 
Joseph, of Dalton, Ohio; Elizabeth, wife of 
John D. AVhitaker, of Miller County, Mis- 
souri; P^lmore Y., of lilntfton; Lemuel 1)., 
of M'^elis County: Catherine, wife of Jona- 

than ]\[arklcy, of Wells County; Thomas, of 
Plulfton; John E., of niuffton, and Mary, 
wife of Andrew .1. Shoemaker, of Geneva, 
Indiana. In 1S31- Mr. Sturgis removed with 
his family to Dalton, Ohio, where he followed 
the hatter's trade until 1852. In that year 
he came to Wells County, Indiana, and bought 
a partially improved farm in Lancaster Town- 
shijj, where lie followed farming until his 
death, March 24, 1882. lie was bereaved 
by the death of his faithful wife, with whom 
he had lived happily for over tifty-flve years, 
her death taking place February 5, 1882. 
They left ten children, tifty-one grandchildren 
and five great-grandchildren, and many warm 
friends, to inourn their loss. Potli had lived 
long and useful Christian lives, and were 
among the highly respected citizens of the 
county. Mr. Sturgis was a man of strong 
convictions, and took great interest in the 
political issues of the day. lie was a firm 
believer in the jirinciples of the Democratic 
party, and cast his first Presidential vote for 
General Jackson in 182-1. In 1840, during 
the exciting canvass between Yan Puren and 
Harrison, rather than lose his vote, as was 
threatened, he, with his brother Joseph, 
walked twenty-five miles to New Philadel- 
phia the evening before the election, securing 
their pajiei's and returning home the next 
morning, all ready for business at tlie polls. 
All of his children are well educated, and 
have become useful and respected members 
of society. 

fOIIN K. REIFF, deceased, an old settler 
of Nottingham Township, AYells County, 
,^ was born in Berks County, Pennsylvania, 
December 14, 1799. His parents were also 
natives of Berks County, and of German an- 
cestrv. lie was reared uii the farm and mar- 



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I'ied Siisami.'ili AliliiiL,^ Ixirn in I Vimsylviuiiii 
in 1H07. He came to Wells ("uiiiity in ISlt, 
entering land in Xottingliain 'J'ownsliip wlien 
the eonntry was new ami the neiglihui-s were 
tew and far between, the nearest one being 
two miles away. Deer and turkey were 
plenty, and their principal tbod was corn 
bread and venison. He was a Heniocrat in 
polities and lield several local ofllces. lie 
lived in Nottincham Towiisliin until his 

o 1 

death, which occurred in June, 18G1. The 
mother died in 1S53. The parents had twelve 
children, one dying in infancy. They were 
members of the Evangelical Association. The 
first religious services of that denomination 
in the township were held at their house. 
When ilr. Tieilf came here there was nothing 
but an Indian trail from Fort Wayne to IJlutf- 
ton. lie was then in limited circumstances, 
b\it by hard work and good management he 
accumulated a good property, giving each of 
his sons a home. 

ff ACOE JEFFEKSON TODD, attorney at 
''M.\ law, I>luifton, Wells County, Indiana, 
^ was born on his father's farm in I'eaver 
County, Fennsylvania, ^lareh 12, 1S43, and 
is the seventh child of Jacob and Jane 
(Thomas) Todd, who moveil to Wells County 
in October, 1851. His father was born in 
Heaver County, Pennsylvania, August 15, 
1805, and was the youngest son of Samuel 
and Lucy (Shivers) Todd, whose family con- 
sisted of seven sons and seven daughters. 
Ilia grandfather, Samuel Todd, was the son 
of Alexander Todd, of I'altimore County, 
Maryland. Ilis mother, Jane (Thomas) Todd, 
wasliorn in Columbiana County,01iio, January 
2, ls()7, and was the eldest of twelve children, 
three sons and nine daughters, of Enos and 
i\Iargaret (Cameron) Thomas. His maternal 

grandfather, Enos Tlioma>, was b(jrn in Ches- 
ter County, I'rnnsyh'ania, the son of Seth 
and Martha (Kirk) Thomas, and his grand- 
mother, l\[argaret (Cameron) Thomas, was 
the daughter of Lewis and Frances (Sutter) 
Cameron. The Todd family is of Scotch- 
Irish descent, the Shivers of Scotch ancestr}-. 
Seth Thomas was born in Wales. The Kirk 
family was of Quaker origin, and came from 
F'ngland in 1681 with AVilliam Penn. Frances 
Sutter was a native of Lincolnshire, England. 
Lewis Cameron was born in the Highlands 
of Scotland. The parents of our subject were 
mai'ried January 14, 1830, and to them were 
liorn ele\'en children. ( )f their children — 
Samuel Thomas, who died January 11, 1859, 
was born October 21, 1830, married Ilebecca 
I. Crawford, May 11, 1853, by whom he had 
three children, Lizzie J. now the wife of 
dohn C. Anderson, living near East Liver- 
pool, Ohio, and two sons who died in infancy. 
John AVesley, the second son, was born Ajiril 
19, 1832, and married Abigail Glass, Sep- 
tember 13, 1855, who died August 24, 1859, 
leaving a daughter, JMary Jane, who is now 
living at Jasonville, Indiana; his only son by 
tins marriage died in infancy; he was again 
married March 11, 18G2, to Angeline Biddle, 
ami to this union have been born three sons 
and five daughters. He was Second Lieu- 
tenant of Company (i, One Hundred and 
F'ii-st Indiana Infantry in the late war. He 
now resides at Jasonville, Indiana. Lucy 
was born L^ebruary 11, 1834, married Asa 
]\IcDaniel, September 21, 1854, who died 
July 15, 1855, leaving one son, John T. 
She was married a second time December G, 
1859, to Xathan Tobey, and they are the 
parents of three sons and two daughters 
living and one son who is deceased. Mr. 
Tobe}' was a member of Company E, One 
Hundred and IMfty-tliird Indiana Infantry. 
Mai'garetAnn,tlie fourth child, was born .June 


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2S, 18i!(),in;uTio(l Calvin liiildle, ofWiinseon, 
Oliio, August !l, ISOO, hy wlioin slic lias 
two pons ami two (l:ini;iitcrs. I'nali was 
lioiii August n, IMJS, nian-icd Lois Sniitley, 
.Xovcnil.iT'Ji;, ISCT, ami (lied April 14, 1K,S0, 
leaviui;- two sous and two ilaiiirliters. 'I'liree 
(jf his cliildreu died in intaucy. JIc was a 
nicniher of Captain Jjarber's Comjjauj-, Fonr- 
teentli Ohio lutantry, enlisting in April, 
I'ilil, in the three-inouths' service, and was 
also Second Lieutenant of Company K, 
Keventy-lifth Indiana Infantry, and was 
afterward Fii-st Lieutenant of Company 11, 
l''ii\-t United States Veteran A^olunteer 
J'^ni,'ineers. Jle was the first citizen of AVells 
County to enlist in the war for the Union. 
J\Iary Jane was horn Sejitemher 2G, lS-10, 
married Samuel J!. ISownuin, Dcceniher 9, I 
1S5S, and to this uniim M'ere horn nine (diil- 
dren, three of wluun die<l in infancy. She i 
died April 2i, 1878. Jacoh Jefferson is the ' 
subject of this sketch. Nancy was horn 
October 9, 1S45, married John V. Allen, 
September 24, 18G7, who was a member of 
Company A, Thirty-fourth Indiana Infantry. 
A son and a daughter were born to this 
union, of whom the son is deceased. I'^liza- 
betli I'^llen, was born December 22, 181:7, 
married Iiansom Allen, February 15, ISDG, 
and they have two daughters and one son 
livinir, and one son deceased. JMr. Allen 
was a member of Company A, Thirtieth 
Indiana Infantry. Simpson was born August 
5, 1851, married Harriet E. Hoover, January 
23, 1873, and has one son and one daughter. 
He resides upon and has charge of the old 
lioniostead. |]athshel)a Isodene was born 
September 18, 1855, married John Adam 
Class, October 24, 1872. and of the three 
children ]>orn to this union a son and a 
daughter arc living. After their marriage ! 
the parents of our subject settled in Heaver 
County, Pennsylvania, remaining there until 

1851, when, having sold their old homestead, 
Ihey ^tarted for the then far AVcst. They 
ti-a\ele(l in the primiti\-e style with covered 
wagon and buggy, reaching their Indiana 
hoiiM' on the northwest (juarter of section 19, 
townshij) 28 north, range 12 east, on the 
12tli day of October, 1851, where mother 
Todd still resides. Both joined the Method- 
ist Episcopal church soon after their mar- 
riage, their parents being members of the 
same church. After coming to Indiana they 
endured the ]iardshi])S incident to pioneer 
life, but by energy, industry and economy, 
they improved their farm, and made a com- 
fortable home, and reared and educated their 
chihlren in the principles of morality and 
Christianity. The father died November 3, 
18G1, leaving a good name and a life of 
('hri.stian activity as an example for liis chil- 
dren. He was a man of great honesty of 
purpose, and honorable in all things. In 
ph^'sical appearance he was six feet, one 
and a half inches in height, and weio-hed 
from 195 to 215 jiounds when in his usual 
health. Mother Todd is a woman of slight 
])hysi(pie, possessing unusual activity of mind 
and body, and has a remarkaijle memory. 
She is generous and kind, and Christian 
charity is a marked characteristic of her life. 
She is an excellent and agreeable conversa- 
tionalist. Jacob J. Todd, whose name heads 
this sketch, was brought up on his father's 
farm in Jefferson Township, and assistetl in 
his youth in clearing eighty acres of land, 
lie received his education in the ciuuinon 
schools of AVells County, and aftei'ward 
attended Koanoke Semiruiryand Fort "Wayne 
College for a short time. During the winters 
from 18G1 until 18GG he taught in the [mblie 
schools, three winters in the (Tlass district 
and two at Ossian. In August, 18G1, he 
enlisted in Company A, Thirty-fourth Indi- 
ana Infantrv. but was rejected on account of 

i -p-»;»rfirM Jg.7i aai^ij 3>^iiijtj jgi,r» 



ill liealtli. In April, IHVA, ha enlisted in 
Company I>, (_>ne llnndred ;uiil 'riiirty- 
seventli Indiana Int'anti'v, and ser\ed dnrinj^ 
the snnimcr ot' 1S(1+ at TidlalKjnia and Duek 
Kiver Eridj^e, Tennessee, under tlie eonnnand 
of General Robert Milroy, who had charge of 
the railroad defenses in that department. 
He returned home in October and cast his 
first vote for the great war Governor, (). P. 
]\Iorton,and voted for the re-election of Abra- 
ham Lincoln as President in November fol- 
lowing. In ]\Iarcli, ISGu, he was appointed 
assessor of Jefferson Tcl^^•nshi|l,and ])0rfornied 
the duties cd' that otHce for that year. He 
commenced reading lau'at lilulfton, April 4, 
1805, was admitted to the bar ]\Iay 22, 1866, 
and entered upon the practice of his jjrofes- 
siou in January, 18G8, in Phttfton, where he 
has since continued to practice. In 1S07 he 
served as deputy collector of Internal Kevemie 
for Wells C'ounty, in the Eleventh Congres- 
sional District, and in ^larch, 18{)8, he was 
elected clerk of the corporation of Plufl'ton 
and served as such one year. He became a 
member id' ()ssian Lodge, No. 2'J7, A. F. <fc 
A. ^L, in April, 180-4, and was worshipful 
master of Plnft'ton Lodge, No. 145, during the 
years, 1872-'77-'78 and '7'J. He was worthy 
patron of Crescent Chapter, No. 48, Order of 
Eastern Star,in 1881;grand lectui'er of Grand 
Chapter, Order of Eastern Star, in 1881-'82; 
grand associate patron, lSSH-'84, and grand 
jiatron in 1884-'S5, and in 18S4 was high 
priest of lilnfftun Cha])ter, No. 95, R. A. J\[. 
He is a member c>f Fort Wayne (Jommandery, 
No. 4, K. T., ami a Thii'ty-second degree 
member of Indiana Consistory A: A: SeA)t- 
tisli Rite. lie was senior grand deacon (jf 
the (irand Lodge from 1882 until 1884, 
grand nuirshal from 1884 until INSO, and is 
the present junior grand warden of the (jrand 
Lodge of j^lasons for Indiana. He is alsti a 
charter member of Lew Dailey Post. No. )5i5, 

(t. a. R., and has been several times a dele- 
gate to the State encampment. Scptenilier 
2, 1859, he became a mondiei- of Prospect 
Chapel Methodist Episco])id Church and for 
some si.xteen years has been a member of the 
Quarterly Conference of his church at Bluff- 
ton, either as steward, trustee or Sunday- 
school superintendent. He was a member 
of the Lay Electoral Conference at Richmond 
in March, 1870, jjresidentof the Lay I^lectoi'al 
Conference at Union City in April, 1880, 
and lay delegate to the (ieneral Conference 
at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in May, 1884, 
and jjartieipated in the election of Bishops 
Ninde, Walden, Mallalieu, Fowler and Taylor. 
He was appointed alternate delegate to the 
National Republican Convention at Philadel- 
phia, June, 1872, and in .Inne, ISSO, was a 
delegate to the National Republican Conven- 
tion at Chicago that nominated Garfield and 
Arthur, and was a member of the committee 
on permanent <jrganization; ami during the 
greatexcitcmentfollowingthe thirty-sixth and 
final ballot for President Mr. Todd carried 
the Indiana banner over to General Garfield, 
and shook hands with and congratulated him 
upon his nomination, and then turning to 
Governor Charles Foster extended greetings 
from the Indiana delegates, upon which Gov- 
ernor Foster grasped Mr. Todd's hand and 
enthusiastically exchiimed, "(iod bless Indi- 
ana, she deserves a golden crown," the Indiana 
delegates having turned the tide to the victori- 
ous leader, (ieneral Gartield,on the thirty-fifth 
ballot. He was a meml)er of the commit- 
tee on resolutions at the Kejinblican State 
Con\'ention in L882, and ui'gcd the ado])- 
tion of the submission residulion of tiie 
prohibition amendment in the committee and 
convention and ni>on tlie stump in that cam- 
paign. In September, 1880, he was a dele- 
gate to the National Convention of Anti-s:doon 
Kepublicans at (Miicago, Illinois. During 




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1SS() lie was proiniiiciitly and t'avoriilily 
iiiuiiliiiiiutl as a pruliaMc camliilate tin- tliu 
otlice i)f Lieutenant (Governor, but lie did not 
])erniit liis name to go before tlie convention. 
lie was delegate to the International Sunday- 
school Convention at Chicago, June, 1SS7. 
Mr. Todd has always enjoyed an extensive 
legal practice, and by his energy and atten- 
tion to the interests of his clients he has won 
success. He took an active and energetic 
])art in securing the necessary encouragement 
and aid which resulted in the building of 
the Fort Wayne, Cincinnati *fc Louisville and 
the Toledo, St. Louis & Kansas City railroads 
through IJluffton. He has always been at 
the front to advocate all measures which 
might add to the prosperity, morality and 
intellectual advancement of the people. He 
is and has been an enthusiiistic advocate of 
the cause of temperance and sobriety in the 
community and State, and believes that 
liquor saloons are the greatest foe to financial 
prosperity, to moral advancement, to the 
elevation of society and to the success of our 
Christian civilization, which is the liope and 
safeguard of onr Government. In all things 
that adds to the comfort, happiness, and well 
being of the people he has over lent his time, 
means, inthience and hearty support. Mr. 
Todd was first married April 17, 1866, to 
Miss Kaehel J., daughter of Kelson Kellogg, 
a well known and influential citizen of 
iJluffton. Ey this marriage he has one son, 
Nelson Kellogg Todd, born Feliruary 10, 
1867. lie is a graduate of the Bluffton 
ll-igh School of the class of 1883. By trade 
lie is a printer. Has also read law to some 
extent in his father's office, lie has been 
connected with the press as a news writer 
and local editor, and manifests considerable 
talent in this direction. August 22, 1870, 
Mr. Todd was married to Airs. Mary Jane 
Klinck, whose former liusband, Dwight 

I\linck, was drowned on the ill-fitcd steamer, 
Schiller, on her voyage to Europe, Alay 7, 
1N75. Afrs. Todd is the eldest daughter of 
John and liebecca (Angel) Studabakcr. Her 
father is well known for his mental and phys- 
ical activity and energy, and his success in 
all his undertakings has been most remark- 
able. Her mother is favorably known for 
her generosity and acts of kindness, and she 
has been a faithful worker for the cause of 
temperance, humanity and Christianity. 
Jlrs. Todd obtained her education in the 
public schools of lilufl'ton and at Fort "Wayne 
College. She has been a member of the 
]\IetluKlist Episcopal church since her girl- 
hood, and her parents have been members of 
the same church for many years. She has 
all her life been active in Sunday-school and 
church work as scholar, teacher, assistant 
snjierintendent, class-leader and president 
of the ladies' social of the church. She 
is ui\tiring in her labors in behalf of that 
which elevates mankind and furthei's the 
cause of Christianity in the community. She 
is alady of culture and refinement. I5y her first 
marriage sJie had four daughters — ilaggie, 
Eessie, Lucy and Mattie. Bessie was married 
September 9, 1884, to James "W. Sale, and 
died September 7, 1886, leaving an infant 
daughter ten hours old. Maggie married 
David A. AValmer, May 12, 1885, and died 
October 17, 1886, leaving an infant daughter 
fifteen days old. The great sorrow caused by 
the deatli of these two lovely daughters has 
cast a gloom over the family which will 
never disa]ipear while life lasts. Both were 
earnest Christian ladies, faithful Sunday- 
school workers, and loved by all who knew 
them. Each babe takes the full name of its 
departed mother. Bessie's babe finds a home 
with its father, James W. Sale, and his moth- 
er, while Maggie's babe is being cared for by 
Mr. and Mrs. Todd. Lucy is a graduate of 

1^1 ■-,•!: l\.'y 
■■If,.' 'Ii,. i: 





llie I'.liifi'toii Ilii^-h Scliool (if the chiss of 
18S5. ]\[attie w:is a student iif the chiss 
of 18S7, hut left school to assist in caring 
for Maggie's babe. The second marriage of ^Ir. 
Todd has been blessed by two bright, intelli- 
gent children — j^fury, l)oru August D, 1878, 
and IJaljih Studabaker, born August 5, 1880. 
Mr. Todd is a man of well disci]ilined mind, 
refined sentiment and definite principles. 
Fervent, sympathetic, earnest and withal 
jovial, he makes every one his friend. AVith 
all his sterling traits there is in his manner 
not the slightest degree of pedantry nor con- 
ceit, lie represents the true American idea 
of republican suavity, marked originality 
and an exceedingly active and enterprising 
disposition, and accordingly lias been a 
leader in all the local measures proposed for 
the public good. 

AA.^[AN T. MILLER, auditor of AVells 
County, Indiana, -is a native of Ohio, 
^'£ born in Fairfield County, ilay 11, 1848. 
In 185G he was brought by his parents, Sam- 
uel ]'. and .Aiary K. (Tevis) Miller, to Wells 
County, they settling in Chester Township, 
and there he was reared till reaching the age 
of sixteen years, lie then entered the high 
school at JJluifton, from which he graduated 
in the class 1SG7, after which he attended 
Eastman's National Business College at 
roughkeepsie. New Y(U'k, and graduated 
from that institution in the spring ot 
18GS. He was soon after appointed deputy 
auditor of Wells County by Auditor J\l. 
C. niuc, and served under him and his 
successor for six years. ^May 8, 1873, he was 
married at IJlufl'ton, to iliss Jennie Smith, 
who was born in Rock Creek Township in 
1852, a daughter of Thomas T. and Catherine 
(Gary) Smith, both of whom are deceased. 

llcr mother was a diiect descendant of Govcrn- 
t)r(iary of jMassachusetts. Air. and Mrs. Aiiller 
are the parents of four children — Maude, May 
M., Hugh S. and Ralph. In 1873 Mr. Miller 
waselected clerk of niuffton,and served in that 
capacity for seven years. In October, 1882, 
he was elected to his present office, auditor 
of AVells County for a term of four years, and 
has since filled that office with credit to him- 
self and to the satisfaction of his constituents. 
JMr. Miller is a member of IJluffton Lodge, 
No. 145, A. F. & A. M., of Bluffton, and Mrs. 
]\[iller belongs to the Order of the Eastern 
Star, A. F. 6i A. M., at Elufl'ton. Both arc 
members of the Rluff'ton Baptist church. 

?Tv^.|:ILLIAiI rOULSON, retired farmer, 
'WiiM\ Chester Township, was born in Ilar- 

(■=&/fe4 rison County, Ohio, August 11, 
1818, son of James and Elizabeth (Arnold) 
Poulson, natives of ilaryland, the former ot 
Irish and the latter of AV'^elsli descent. They 
were married in Maryland, and early removed 
to Harrison County, Ohio, where they were 
pioneers. They passed the remainder of their 
lives in that county, the father dying about 
1876, and the mother in 1836. AVilliam was 
reared to farm life in Harrison County, and 
was married there, November 24, 1842, to 
Miss Deborah Ross, born in Bedford County, 
Maryland, and daughter of James and Martha 
(I'hillips) Ross, who removed to Harrison 
County, where they lived until their death. 
In 1847 AVilliam Poulson and his wife started 
for Indiana by team, and after a tedious trip 
of seventeen days, through the muddy roads 
of November, they arrived in Blackford 
County, December 7. There Mr. Poulson 
bought eighty acres of land at $2 an 
acre, which contained a cabin and a small 
cleared space. After a residence there of 

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bcveii yoai't!, tliL'y came to "WclU County uiul 
bouU'lit ICO arres of laii.l for sl,0()0. llo at- 
turward ^uV\ forty acres of tlie land. Tliure 
was a small lioiipf and liarn on tliu ])lafi', hut 
Mr. I'onlson has made all of the iniprovc- 
iiients that are now on the jilaee. \\c lias 
ahont ninety acres cleai-ed. _Mr. and Mrs. 
.I'oulson have had ten children, t>f whom two, 
James K. and Itarhara Ann, are deceased, 
flames li. was a sohlier in the One Hundred 
ami Thirtieth Indiana Infantry, going out 
when only twenty years of age. He was in 
Sherman's arnjy; was taken sick on the iield, 
and was taken to the hosjiital at Cleveland, 
'rennessee, where he died May 20, 1S65. He 
was buried at Cleveland. The li\ing children 
are — AVilliam Jasper, who married Uehecca 
T)odds; Thomas AVilson, who married Ellen 
Doilds; .Martha Jane, wife of Allen AVilson; 
John W., a carpenter, of Des Moines, Iowa, 
who married liose Hunter; Isaac Kewton 
niari-ied Lucinda Lake, and lives in Delaware 
County, Indiana; A. C, wdio marriet! Amy 
Sutton; Henry, who married May Smith and 
lives in Montpelier, and Lewis Ilarve}-. The 
parents are members of the Ebeuezer Baptist 
Church, and Mr. Poiilsou is one of the 
trustees of the congregation. He has been a 
liepublicaii since tlie organization of that 
party, and has served as supervisor of the 

ir%JPw\^I IIATKIKl,!), a mercliant at Os- 
|'°[I^)\ sian,was a grandsmi of Adam Hatfield. 

"^M who emigrated from England to Amer- 
ica when about twenty years of age, and iirst 
located in Westmoreland County, Pennsyl- 
vania, wiicre he married Margai-et Dillworth 
about 1772. His father was John Ilatlicld, 
also a native of England, \vho married Doro- 
thy O'Neal. After her death he married 

Elizabeth Shijjpore, who died without chil- 
dren. To the Iirst marriage were born Adam, 
Andrew, John and Sarah, all of wliom came 
to Amei'ica. John Hatfield, Sr., went to 
India and engaged in trading between those 
countries, and later he was a baidier in Iiulia. 
It is supposed that a large estate was left to 
his I't'latives at his deatli. The children of 
Adam Hatfield, Sr., were Elizabeth, John, 
j\Iary, Penjamiu, Sarah, ilargaret, Ilobert, 
Nancy, Josejth and Adam. In 1795 Adam 
Hatfield, Sr., with his family moved to Cin- 
cinmiti, Ohio, and his ileath occurred the 
ue.xt year. His wife and family then I'e- 
tiirned to Peaver County, Pennsylvania, and 
in 1815, with her sons, Pobert, Joseph and 
Adam, removed to AVayne County, Ohio, 
settling near AVooster. In 1838 Adam Hat- 
field, Jr., with his wife, ilartha Kirkpatrick, 
and their f;imily, settled in Jeffei-son Town- 
ship, three miles north of Murray, upon a 
tract of three quarter-sections of land which 
he had previously entered. \ rude log cabin 
was erected, and dui'ing the winter a plat of 
ten acres was cleared for planting in the 
spring. Adam Hatfield was one of the early 
officials of the township, and served in several 
ofKcial positions. lie was a man possessing 
great force of character, and although his 
education was limited, he wielded a power in 
this cominunity which was recognized by all. 
As a politician he was an ardent Whig, with 
strong anti-slavery proclivities. Poth him- 
self and wife were members of the Presl)y- 
terian church before they came to the county, 
and they may ])roperly be termed the parents 
of that faith in AVells County. The first religious services held in A^'ells 
County were held in the humble home of 
Adam and Mrs. Hatfield, Rev. Isaac A. 
Ogdcn, of the Miami, Ohio, Presbytery, 
ofliciating. The church was organized by a 
committee of that Pi-esbytery, and Rev. John 

»"J"---'' '^T»i 

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■■■■'{■'r. . 1 ■. :. I' :t'l II, J 

II. Uiiss was tlic first jiastdf. Tlie death of 
.Mrs. Martha Ilatlield occurred in IS-iO. The 
reiiiiiins were interred in tlie old Jleiiry ^Mil- 
ler cemetery, the lirst burying-oruiind in the 
northern part o\' the county, l^siter the re- 
mains were disinterred and deposited in the 
Murray cetnetery. Adam Hatfield af'tcrwai-d 
married Mrs. Elizabeth Steward, a widow, 
with whom he passed the remainder of his 
days. He died in iN-iS, aged fifty-five years. 
Hiram Ilatlield, our subject, received his 
preliminary education at a private school 
taught l)y j\Iiss JMargaret Hatfield, in a log 
caliiu that stood on the Hatfield farm. Her 
entire salary was 75 cents weekly for tuition, 
and she boarded around among the pupils. 
Miss Hatfield is yet living in Union Town- 
6hi|> with her brother John. ^S'otwithstand- 
Ing the ditticulties of securing an education 
in an early day, ]\[r. Hatfield persevered until 
he was a good practical scholar. The woods 
were full of Indians, and deer furnished a 
large piM'tion of the meat supply for the new- 
comer. Trapping and hunting was a neces- 
sity, as from the sale of furs and pelts the 
pioneers obtained cash to pay ta.xes and pur- 
chase the few neces^^ary articles for making 
further improvements on their lands. In 
1850 ]\rr. Hatfield was married to iliss Jlar- 
tha A. Egbert, who died iti 1S52. The fol- 
lowing year he was married to Catherine K. 
Donaldson, daughter of Itobert antl Ann 
Donaldson, who resided near Murray. In 
April, lHo-2, ilr. Hatfield sold his farm and 
engaged in the mercantile business at Mur- 
ray, continuing si.xtecn years in tlie same 
business at that village. In 1867 he pur- 
chased a sto(-k of merchandise in (Jssian, and 
has been continuously engaged in that busi- 
ness to the present date. His trade increascil 
in such proportions that a suitable building 
became a necessity, and in 1880 the large 
two-story brick, 38 .\ 100 feet, was erecteil 

and di\ided into six departments, in which 
everything in the mercantile line is handled, 
excejjt drugs. Six clerks are em]iloyed regu- 
larly, and during the Ijusy season other help 
is necessary. Mr. Ilattield has given liberal 
aid to the building up of the manufacturing 
interests of the village. Mr. and ^Mrs. Hat- 
field have five children — Anna M., Victor .M., 
James C, E. Jennie and Robert A. The 
eldest son is a partner in the mercantile trade, 
the firm being known as Hatfield & Son. 
Victor M. is recognized as one of the brightest 
business men of the county. In 1801 Mr. 
Hatfield enlisted in Company G of the old 
"Twelfth," and was honorably discharged at 
the expiration of his term of service. His 
patriotism was nne^uesticmed, as he locked up 
his store, which entailed a great loss in a 
financial way. He was elected ruling elder 
in the Presbyterian chui'ch at ^lurray, and 
he still holds that position. All the members 
of his family are members of that church, 
and the name throughout this and adjacent 
counties stands without a ]ieer for integrity 
and stability of character. The G. .V. II. 
Post meets in the second story of his build- 
ing, to w'hich order ]\Ir. Ilatlield belongs. 

'^U. JAMES K. .McCLEEllY was born 
t i) near Lancaster, Ohio, on October 22, 
,;;- 1822. He studied medicine timler the 
celebrated Dr. Drnsler, at Lancaster, and com- 
pleted his medical education at the University 
of Pennsylvania in the winter of 18-l8-'4-U. 
He was married to Miss M. Gutelius, Octolier 
23, 181'J, at Carroll, Fairfield CJounty, Ohio, 
whei'e he practiced his profession up to the 
time of his emigration t<i Dluli'ton, AVells 
('ounty, Indiana, August ;iO, 1^51. Shortly 
after his arrival he entered into ccj-partner- 
ship with Dr. Henry Courtney under the firm 



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of ('(lurltiuy iV. .McI'Iclt}', which cuiitiniiud 
liarnic>iiiuu.-~ly tVir several years, when the 
senior [lartner eiiiiH;rateil to Jowa. In the 
sjiriiii^ ul' 1^5;{ he iiniled with the tVatoniity 
of iMasons at I'ort \Vayiie, Indiana, and con- 
tinued a Worthy nieinher of that order unto 
the time of liis death, which took place on 
his farm, a few miles southeast of Ijlutftoii, 
on .\pril ~1, l>i74, in his fifty-second year. 
In the spring of IbCl he entered into co-part- 
nership \i-itli Dr. ]\[elslieimer in the drug 
business, under the firm of JlcCleery iS: 
J\Ielsheimer. A tine three-story brick build- 
ing was erected, which is now occupied as a 
hardware store liy .Mr. IJrickley. The iirni 
continueil their business for several years, 
when it was aniical)ly dissolved by ;i with- 
di-aw al of the doctor to assume tlie duties of 
clerk of AVells County, to which office he had 
been electetl in the full of 1867, and also re- 
elected in 1871. Dr. McCleery was a man 
of fine social qualities, by which he became 
endeared to all his ac(piaintances. lie was a 
prudent and cautious practitioner of marked 
ability, lie had a very e.xtensive knowledge 
of the theory of nredicine, and possessed that 
ver}' rare facidty of reducing it to successful 

;^nN. HUGH Dougherty, banker, of 

ir?A lilnfi'ton, was born on his father's farm 
^•/ in Darke County, Ohio, July 28, 1841, 
a son of AViUiam and Margaret (Studal)aker) 
Doujrherty, both now deceased. The Dough- 
ertys are of Irish descent, the Studabakei's of 
German. He remained on his father's farm 
until he was sixteen years of age, having in 
the meantime attended the common schools 
of his native county. AVhen seventeen years 
old he had by his own energy, ])erseverance 
and skill obtained suflicient knowledge to 

enable him to teach in the public schools. 
In August, 1S()2, he enlisted in Company F, 
iS'inety-fourth Regiment ()hio ^'olunteers, 
and ten days aftei' his enlistment was orilered 
to the front. The ne.\t day after reaching 
Lexington, Kentucky, he marched to liich- 
mond, Kentucky, and took part in the engage- 
ment before that city, where his intimate 
friend and messmate, Periy AVeikle, was 
killed, and AVilliam II. Direly, of the same 
company, was seriously wounded. In this 
engagement his I'egiment was heavily de- 
pleted by having a large number of its mem- 
bers taken prisoners while falling back to 
Lexington, and from there fought their way 
to Louisville, where they remained )intil rein- 
forced. They wei-e then assigned to General 
Huell's army and took part in the battle at 
Terryville, being in the hottest part of the 
fight, and his regiment was again reduced in 
number !)y killed, wounded and taken prison- 
ers. From there what remained went to 
Nashville, remaining there some time, and 
then advanced and took part in the battle of 
Stone River, where lie was captured while 
guarding ammunition and stores, near JS'oleus- 
ville, and was paroled, the following being a 
copy of the oath he was obliged to take: 


December 30, 1862. 

" I, Hugh Dougherty, private of Com- 
pany F, Ninety-fourth Oliio Volunteer In- 
fantry, U. S. A., do take a solemn oath not 
to take up arms against the Confederate Ststes 
Troops, nor reveal anything I nuiy' have 
learned derogatory to the interests of the 
Confederate States of America, nor do any 
police or constabulary duties until I shall 
have been properly exchanged, under ])en- 
alty of death. Iluon Dougheuty. 

" Witness, Lientenant-Colonel M. H. Haw- 
kins, of General Wheeler's stafi'." 

He was then sent back to Nashville, and 





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IVoiii tlieru sunt to (.\im]) CMiaso, Oliio, 
to ruiiiiiin until uxcluiiiguil. Lfariiiiig while 
tliuro (jf tliu serious illness of liis elder 
brother Alu'Hhaiii, wlio was a ineniher of the 
same company and regiment, and who had 
been sent l>aek very sick, he made a visit home, 
and after his brother's death reported for duty, 
but was soon after taken quite sick and dis- 
charged from the service, lie then went to 
Greenville, Ohio, and was soon after appointed 
deputy recorder, and filled that position for 
more than two years. In 1805 he located 
ill Dhirt'ton, and for six months was engaged 
in the niercantile business as a clerk, when 
he became associated in business with his 
uncle, John Studabaker, and for seven 3'cars 
was ill the proiluce business. In the mean- 
time he became assistant c-ashier of the First 
National Hank of JJlull'toii, which subse- 
quently merged into the l']\chaiige Hank of 
John Studabaker ct Co., composed of Hon. 
John Studabaker, Major Peter Studabaker 
and the subject of this sketch. Ills partners 
are pioneer citizens and excellent business 
men, and second cousins of the well-known 
Studedaker Bros., of South J]end, Indiana. 
The tirm of John Studabaker & Co. have a 
large and extensive business, and in banking 
jNIr. Dougherty ])roves to be successful and 
popular. He is not only an enterpi'isiiig 
business man, but is always one of the first to 
advance tlie interests of anything that is cal- 
culated to promote the public welfare. In 
1S71, as trustee of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, of which he became a member in 
ISGrt, he was selected as financial and busi- 
ness manager during the erection of tlieii' 
new church edifice. In 18G8, while serving 
as one of the school trustees, it was mainly 
through his enterprise and influence that the 
then large and comniodious school building 
was erected. He was largely instrumental 
in pushing to successful and flnal completion 

the Fort Wayne, (!iiicinnati tt Louisville 
liailroad, and was superintendent of the con- 
struction of the section between Fort AVayne 
and IJluli'ton. He was also interested in the 
Toledo, St. Louis t^: Kansas City liailroad, 
and in company with James Crosbie builttlie 
section between IJlnli'toii and AVarren. He 
was one of the projectors of the gravel roads 
and turnpikes that have proved so beneficial 
to Wells County. Politically he is a Demo- 
crat and his advice in party afl'airs is sought 
in county, district and State campaigns. In 
1870 he was elected State Senator, and rep- 
resented Wells and Huntington counties 
creditabl}' for four years. While a Senator he 
voted, in 1873, for the now famous Paxter 
bill, in favor of the local control of the 
liquor trallic. This vote by J\lr. Dougherty 
was a matter of conscience, and although at 
the time the members of his party in the 
Senate were generally opposed to the bill, and 
voted against it, yet he still adheres to the 
doctrine laid down in that law. In 1878 he 
was a candidate for the nomination for Con- 
gress, and was defeated on the lllth ballot by 
only five votes. It is the opinion of his 
friends that he would have been nominated lor 
Congress by the Democratic Convention at 
Plufi'ton in 188(1, had he not proinjitly de- 
clined when his name was presented. He 
was a delegate to the Democratic National 
Convention at Chicago in 1884 that nom- 
inated Cleveland and Hendricks. In April, 
1887, he was appointed by Governor Gray 
and the other State oflicers one of the Soldiers' 
Monument Commissioners, under an act of 
the Legislature passed in the session of 1887, 
the other members of the Commission being 
General Lew Wallace, lion. Samuel B. 
Yoyles, Hon. George J. Langsdale and Hon. 
Daniel M. Panisdell. On account of pressing 
Vmsiness engagements, and being somewhat 
broken in health, he reluctantly declined the 

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distiDguislied honor uiid tcmlered his declina- 
tion of the trust. Jle was married Octoher 
25, 1877, to .Miss Knnna (lillilaiid, tiio only 
danj,diter of Theodore V. and Elizahetii 
(Sheldon) (iiUiland, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
Mrs. Doufjherty was horn June 22, 1857, at 
Sterling, Illinois. Iler parents are natives 
of iS'ew York, and of Scoteh-Irish descent. 
She has been since girlhood a ineniher of the 
^lethodist Episcopal church. She is a lady 
of retineinent and takes great interest in all 
that tends to better the condition of society. 
They have one child, Elizabeth, born March 
28, 1885, who is the pride and joy of their 
honie. Mr. Dougherty is a member of Llulf- 
iou L(jdge, Xo. 1838, Knights of Honor, and 
is also a member of Lew Daily Post, No. 83, 
ti. A. It. lie is a jiublic-spirited and intiu- 
ential citizen, generous and kind-hearted. 
To all worthy objects he contributes liberally 
of his means. His career has been useful, 
])opular and honorable. 

^ -M' native of Wells County, Indiana, born 
"■^^ in Harrison Township, March 7, 183'J. 
His ]iarents, John and ^lelinda ("Wilson) 
Markley, were natives of ilaryland and Ohio 
respectively, the father born near IJaltimore 
March 10, 1809, and reared in Pennsylvania, 
and the mother born January 12, 1816. They 
were married in iladison County, Ohio, and 
to them were born eleven children, eight of 
whom grew to maturity, theirnames in order 
of their birth being as follows: Mrs. Rachel 
Adsit, living in Ii-oipiois County, Illinois; 
Jonathan J., the subject of this sketch; AVill- 
iam I)., residing in Wells County; ^Irs. 
Ellen J. Studabaker, of Wells County; i\rrs. 
Tillie J. Sturgis, of PluU'ton; Lewis P., of 
Greene County, Ohio; Samuel T., of Clinton 

County, Indiana, and AVilson A., livincp on 
the old hiimestead in Harrison Townslii)). 
The jiarents were pioneer settlers of Wells 
County, settling in the wilderness of Harri- 
son Township in February, 1887, about two 
years after their marriage. The father died 
on his pioneer homestead in 1869. He came 
to the county a poor man, but by industry 
and frugality he accumtdated a large pr^iperty, 
leaving at his death about 700 acres of land 
besides considerable ])ersonal ])ro)ierty. He 
was a man of sterling character, and one 
whose word was considered as good as liis 
iwnd.and was held in high esteem by all who 
knew him. In politics he was formerly a 
Whig, and later a Republican. For about 
twenty years previous to his death he was a 
consistent member of the Christian church. 
The widowed mother still resides on the old 
homestead in Harrison Township with her 
son Wilson. Rev. Jonathan J. Markley, the 
subject of this sketch, lias spent most of his 
life in Wells county, receiving his early edu- 
cation in the common schools of the county. 
He was a student at Liber College in Jay 
County, and later attended the Union Cliris- 
tian College in Sullivan County, Indiana, 
finishing his studies when twenty-eight years 
of age. In 1865 he united with the CUiris- 
tian church, and fiom that time has devoted 
himself to the cause (.)f the Master. He 
commenced his ministerial work in 1869, and 
was ordained in 1872. Since 1869 he has 
had charge of the C'hristian church at Mur- 
ray. Mr. Markley was united in marriage. 
January 18, 1871, to Miss Mary Hotfmaii, 
wlio was born in Montgomery County, Ohio, 
August 18, IBiO, a daugiiter of Philip Hoti'- 
man, of Wells County. Immediately after 
his marriage Mr. Markley made liis home on 
section 19, Lancastei- Towiishi]j, near his 
j)resent residence, and is still living in that 
section. lie owns a tine farm property cou- 

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tiiliiing 210 ;ifres, wliicli is iiiuKt a L'^ood state 
of cultivation. In politics _Mr. Mai-kley is ;i 
Jicjiiililicaii. He is an active teiiiperuiice 
worker, anil in synipatliy with [irohil)ition. 

ip^,ENRY AV. LIPKKY, merchant at 
iJM\i Uniondale, was l)orii in Union Town- 
■^wi sliip Janiiar}' 2, I'^S'J, son of lleury 
and Eacliel (Cnun) Lipkey. The father was 
born in J^rooke County, Virginia, and removed 
to Malionino- County, (Jliio, wliere lie was 
married and where four of ids cliildren were 
born — Cliarles, Mary, AVilliani and Amos 
(deceased). James, Elizabetli, Austin, Rachel, 
Wesley, iSIargaret, Daniel and Henry were 
born in Union Township, this county. They 
settled upon the farm now occupied by the 
mother, about 1857. James married Martha 
Longshore, and tliey have two children — 
Jesse and Ilattie; Elizabeth became the wife 
of George AV. IJlack, and they have two chil- 
dren — Tlnbert and Minnie; AVilliam married 
]\[(illie Friedleiu, and their children are Clif- 
ford and Nova. Charles manages the farm, 
and the mother and Mary make their home 
with him. Austin, Rachel, AVeslcy, iLarga- 
rct and Daniel are deceased. Henry was edu- 
cated in Union Township, and wdien fourteen 
years of age began business for himself. He 
was the pioneer merchant of Uniondale, and 
the iirst business house was built by him. 
This was then a country cross-road, and no 
thought had existed that an enterprising vil- 
lage would in a few years mark the site now 
inside the boundary of Uniondale. IHs stock 
of goods was of a general character, and the 
growth of the town made him a fine trade. 
From the small investment of a few dollars 
the trade has increased until a large stock of 
merchandise now graces the shelves. In No- 
vember, 1883, a partnership was formed with 

Mr. AVilliam Newhard, uliitdi has continued 
to the present time. -January 25, 188(1, he 
was appointed jiostmastcr, and was the iirst 
postmaster of Uniondale. lie was the first 
appointed ticket agent of the Chicago & At- 
lantic Railroad Company at this village, and 
from the very first has been identified with 
the business interests of Unit)ndale. 

ROBERT r. LAMBERT, farmer, Not- 
vf' tiugham Township, was bora in Queens 
H.'i County, Ireland, April 7, 18-47, son of 
AV'^illiam and Susan Lambert. When he was 
three years of age his parents came to Amer- 
ica, locating in Butler County, Ohio, where 
they remained about two years, then removed 
to Wayne County, this State, where the father 
followed farming until 1859. They then 
came to this county and settled in Chester 
Township, where the father had purchased 
land prior to coming to this county. They 
did not make a permanent location on this 
land, as it was a wild forest, but rented some 
land in Nottingham Townshiji. The mother 
died while on the voyage across the ocean, 
and while living in Butler County the father 
married Matilda Moore, who died in Not- 
tino-ham Township, in August, 18G0, the 
father following her five days later. The 
only children were Robert P. and Susan Jane, 
the latter dying a short time previous to the 
death of the father. Robert R. was thus left 
at the age of thirteen years, without In-other 
or sister, and he was thrown upon his own 
resources. May 12, 1872, he was married 
to Miss Caroline Harding, a native also of 
Queens County, Ireland, and daughter of 
Arthur and Lavinia (Dickison) Harding. Mr. 
Lambert enlisted in the service of the Union. 
He served mostly under Ceneral Thomas, 
and remained with his command until the 




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time lit' his tliscliargo. JIc is a inembor of 
Ja'w Daily Toi^t, at J'lutftoii. Mrs. Lam- 
bert's father died in Ii'ehuid, and lier mother 
afterwarel removed io ^^anchester, Eni^land, 
and was li\-ino| when hist lieard from. .Mrs. 
Lambert came to America alone when twenty- 
three years of age, and heanl of lier father's 
death at Castle Garden, New York. She 
then came to this county. 

vp^D.^^UNI) r.. SII.'VW, tanner, Notting- 
YriV ham Township, was boiti in the State 
t^ of Xew York, September 18, 1824, son 
of I'atriek and Cynthia (Beers) Shaw, the 
formei' a native of Ireland and the latter of 
Connecticut. AVhen he was a mere child his 
parents removed to Warren Count}', Ohio, 
thence, after a short time, to Wayne County, 
Indiana, where the father died. The mother 
then removed to Butler County, and when 
Kdmund V>. was fourteen years of age tlie 
family again removed to Darke County, 
where the mother died about 18-iO. At the 
age of sixteen years Edmund went to Breble 
County to learn the tanner's trade, serving 
an apprenticeship of three years. lie then 
gave np the trade and went to teaming, which 
hetbllowed in connection with farm work un- 
til he was twenty-eight years old. In 1S53 
he came to Wells County, settling in Not- 
tingham Township; and during his residence 
of thirty-five years in the county, his resi- 
dence has been within a mile and half of 
where he now resides. He was married in 
1845 to Miss Jane Ilarter, born and reared 
in Darke County, Ohio. She died April 22, 
18G4. They had ten children. Those living 
are — Eliza E., wife of Ansel B. Tinsley, lives 
in Delaware County; Alonzo B. resides in 
Muncie; William C also lives in Muncie; 
Richard resides in Blackford County; ilary 

Elizabeth, wife of Alfred Stookey, lives in 
ilunciu. The deceased are — Keed, (ieorge, 
Catherine, .lane and Esther Lovisa. Mr. 
Shaw married his present wife, tbrmerly Mar- 
garet Ciiessner, in January, iMiG. She was 
born in AVaynesburg, Stark County, Ohio, 
and a daughter of Joseph and Mary (Koontz) 
Cllessner, wdio died in that county, the mother 
in 185<). Mi'S. Sliaw was first married 
to Simon Watkins, who died in 18tj2. 
Jjy his first marriage Mr. Shaw had 
three children — AV. A., John S., who re- 
sides in Nottingham Township, and Mary 
Jane, wife of Milton Ilolloway. By liis sec- 
ond marriage are five children — liosella F., 
Cynthia Ann, Thomas J., ilargaretta and 
Gertie. In the fall of 1862 Mr. Shaw en- 
listed in the army, and October 19 was mus- 
tered into the service as a member of 
Company A, Forty-seventh Veteran Volun- 
teers, under Colonel James II. Slack. His 
command was assigned to tlie Thii'teentli 
Army Corps under General Grant. AVhen 
]\Ir. Shaw reached Indianapolis he was taken 
sick. His son Heed, wdio had gone to the 
front, took his place, and served one year for 
his father. Mr. Shaw then resumed his place 
in his command, and Reed re-enlisted and 
served through the entire war. His health 
became so much impaired liy exposure that 
he never recovered his strength, and died 
soon after. Mr. Shaw served mostly in the 
dejiartment of West Mississippi, and re- 
mained with his command during all their 
battles and marches. He took part in the 
hiht struggle of the Rebellion, at Forts Span- 
ish and Blakely, and the capture of Mobile. 
He was mustered out at Baton Rouge, and 
discharged at Indianapolis, November 2, 
1805, and returned home. Mr. and Mrs. 
Shaw are membei's of the Protestant Method- 
ist church, and he is an advisory member. 
He is servin-r as constable of Nottingham 


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I! 100 HA I'll 10 A J, tiKKTCllES. 









Townshi]), lijivinif lieen cliuM'n at the last 
election. ]le was one of the nnnilier who 
went to Shreveport, ]Aini>i;uia, ami there re- 
ceived the snrrender ut' the last rehel troops, 
during the war, under (4eneral Ivirhy Smith. 
His son Alonzo was in Conipaiiy G, Fit'ty- 
iirst Indiana Infantry, serving under Thomas, 
and assisted in the jinrsnit of Hood through 
Tennessee. lie was discharged at Indian- 
apolis and returned to his home in Wells 

^OlIX W. TIIOUN' r.UUri, farmer, Ches- 
ter Township, was horn in llandolph 
^ County, Indiana, April 3, 1843, son of 
Curtis and Mahala (Clevinger) Thornhurg, 
natives of Virginia. His mother died in 
I'lackford County, Indiana, JIarch 5, 18S5, 
and the next year his father removed to Del- 
aware County, where he now resides. He 
was reared to farm life in his native county, 
and made that his home until ]\rarch 5, 1875, 
when he removed to AVells County, on the 
line between ])lacl<fonl Comity and AVells 
C^ounty, and lived there until 1883. He 
then purchased one mile west eighty acres of 
land, where he now resides, and exchanged 
his former home for eighty acres adjoining 
liis new purchase. He was married in Ran- 
dolph Count}-, July 27, 1805, to Miss Sarah 
E. E. Odle, a native of that county, and 
a daughter of John- and llachel Odle. 
Her father died in liandolj>h (.'ounty, 
and her mother still resides there. Mr. 
and Mrs. Thornbnrg have had five cliil- 
dren, of whom ^Minnie Etta is deceased. 
Those living are — James l\., William H., 
Joseph J^. and Ota A. Eotli are members of 
the Christian church. August ~2, 1802, 
^Ir. Thornbnrg enlisted at Itichmond, Indi- 
ana, in Company K, Eighty-fourth Indiana 

Infuitry, joining his regiment at Gnyandotte, 
West \'irgiiiia. From tliero they went to 
Cassville, Vii-ginia, thence to Nashville, 
where they were assigned to the Fourth Army 
Corps, under General Howard. His Ilrst en- 
gagement was at Chickamauga, September 
l'J-20; and after several skirmishes, occurred 
the siege of Atlanta, and the battle of Frank- 
lin, ^November 30, and December 10-17, the 
battle of Nashville. After that his com- 
mand was sent to Columbia, Alabama, 
thence to Nashville again, where the close of 
the war found tliem. Isiv. Thornburg was 
discharged at Indianapolis, June 27, ISCo. 
He was with his regiment all the time until 
the w-ar closed, never being away on furlough 
or for sickness. He was the only man in the 
company that made such a record. He is a 
llepublican in politics, and has held the otlice 
of supervisor several terms; was elected 
township assessor in 188(5 for four years. 

fONATHAN MARK LEY, farmer, sec- 
tion 20, Harrison Township, was born 
- ;. in this county June 4, 1838, and is the 
oldest white child now living that was born 
in the county. His parents were Gabriel 
and Hannah Markley. He was reared on a 
farm, and obtained a limited education in the 
early subscription schools that were taught 
in the primitive log cabin. He remained 
under the parental roof until his marriage, 
which occurred iJecember 21, 1858, w-itli 
ifiss Catherine, daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth (Brasier) Sturgis. After his mar- 
riage i\Ir. Markle}' resided on a farm near 
the old homestead for seven years. He then 
removed to Newville, where he followed 
farming until the S])ring of 1882, when he 
sold out and purcliase<l his ])resent farm in 
Harrison Township. He owns IGO aeres of 


wc'll-iirijii-dvcil lain], ill ii good stiite ofciilti- 
\Htion. He also owns t'drty acres on section 
10. ]\rr. and Mvs. "Jrarkley are tlie paivnts 
of" tliirteen ehilili'en, eleven of wlioni are 
liviiii,' — (iabriel T., (ieor^e l'\, .lolin K., ].ulu 
May, Hannah Bell, Oliver E., William 
Henry, Ernest E., Jonathan Lcander, \V\\- 
ford I. and C'liarlic I). The deceased are 
Elva, ]\ray and i\atie. J'.otli parents are act- 
ive ineinliers of the Cliristiaii church, and 
]iolitically Mr. Markley atKliates witli the 
r*i-oliibitioii ijartv. 

^^'jr^UGUSTUS N. MAKTIN, attorney at 

i///V '''^"'' ^^''^^ ^^"'"" '^^ AVhitestown, I'ntler 
■^•~ Comity, Pennsylvania, on March 215, 
184:7, on liis father's farm, his ]iarents heiii^^ 
John and Eveline AV'. Martin, hotli of whom 
were natives of Peiinsyhatiia, of Scotch-Irish 
descent. At tlie age of twelve years, with a 
common-school education, Mr. Martin began 
and took a courseof several terms in the With- 
erspoon Institute, at Butler, Penns3'lvaiiia. 
On July 3, 1803,- lie enlisted in Coinjiany 
I, Fifty-eiijhth Pennsylvania Volunteer J\Ii- 
litia, assisting in the capture of General Jolin 
^forgaii and his command, near Saliuevilie, 
Ohio. On February 22, 1865, he enlisted in 
(Vimpajiy E, Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, serving until August 30, 18(15, 
when he was discharged at Xashville, Ten- 
nessee. In February, 18()7, he graduated 
in a business course at Eastman's College, 
Poughkeepsie, New York. He has taught 
three terms of school. On the day he ar- 
rived at the age of twenty-one years, he 
left his father's house for the AVest, set- 
tling in Wells County, Indiana, near Os- 
siaii, in June, 1SG9, where he was a day 
laborer on farm and railroad, until he be- 
gan the study of law November 3, 1801), 

ill the law ollico of Todd it Sliinn, of I'.liif}'- 
ton, Imliaiia, ]>iirsiiing his studies day and 
night with such assiduity that he was ad- 
mitted t(p the bar in September, 1870, at 
lilull'tun, entering the practice iirst as junior 
member of the law firm of Todd iV Mar- 
tin, and then of liurwell & Martin. He 
engaged in the ]iractice alone in April, 1874. 
During that year he was elected a Deino- 
ci-atic member of tlie Legislature from the 
counties of Adams and AVells, serving as 
cliairman of the committee on corporations 
and second on the committees on judiciary 
and the organization of courts. On April 
19, 1870, he was nominated lor Reporter 
of the Supreme Court of Indiana, on the 
Democratic State ticket led by -Plue Jeans" 
AVilliams for (Tovernor, which ticket was 
elected in October, 187(5. In 1880 Mr. 
]\[artiii was rciKjininated by acclamation, and, 
although the wlude Democratic State ticket 
was defeated, he was beaten by less majority 
than any other iioiiiinee on that ticket. Dur- 
ing his four years' term he edited and jnib- 
lished volumes LIV. to LXX., seventeen in 
all, of Indiana I'eports. In May, 1881, he 
removed to Austin, Texas, where lie engaged 
in the practice of the law with his brother, 
Homer L. Martin, continuing at Austin until 
July 19, 1883, when the brothers beg.-iu 
practice together again at Pluffton, Indiana. 
On September 21, 1881, Mr. Jtartin was 
married, at her ]iarents' home, to Ida L., 
eldest daughter of Owen T. and Lizzie Curd, 
of Charleston, Coles County, Illinois. ]\rabel 
IMartin is his only child, who was born at 
Austin, Texas, on .lune 30, 1882. Mr. 
Martin, with his wife and daughter, resides 
at Hlufftoii, where he is engaged in prac- 
ticing his profession, with success. He was 
leading counsel for the State in the cele- 
brated prosecution of AVilliain AValker for 
the murder of George Shaw, the trial occii- 



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pyiiii^ tlie wliolc of tlie A]iril term, ISS-t, of 
tlif \rclls Cii'eiiit Court, ri'sultiii^' in a jnilg- 
mont seiitciK'iiii^ ^\'all<er to twi'iit\-oiie yi'iirs 
ill the State jirisoii. lie was also eiio^aii-ed 
ill the trial of the cclelu-atrd ease of William 
A. Davis rs. I)r. John ( '. Fulton, tor iiial- 
priietice, which occupied the attention of a 
jury for two weeks, in ]\[arc]i, 1S?^7, resulting 
in a verdict for Dr. Fulton, Mr. ^[artin's 
client, lie is a JJemocrat, is a member of 
the Presbyterian church, is over .six feet in 
lieicrjit, and lias hair as black as night itself. 

,'^KOEGE IIAKTEU, farmer, was born in 
lU'.jp 15ea\'er County. I'eiinsylvania, January 
^'M U,. 1835, son of .Michael and Mary 
(Slone) llarter, the former a nati\e of AVur- 
temberg, (lermaiiy, and who immigrated to 
America in 182S. He was married in I'eaver 
County, Pennsylvania, which was the home 
of Mary Slone. Six children were born to 
this union — Ann, (ieorge, ^largaret, Sarah, 
Andrew and Thomas Slone. The family set- 
tled in Jefferson Township, AVells County, 
Indiana, in October, lSiJ2, locating on the 
farm now owned by John 1>. Ady. The ]jar- 
ents lived upon this farm several years, and 
in 187(5 removed to Ossian, living a retired 
life. Poth reached a ripe old age, the father 
being eighty-two and the mother eightj'-four. 
Their deaths occurred within a few months 
of each Other. They had I'cared a family who 
were a credit to their ancestry, liad a com- 
fortable home and an ample income for their 
declining years. Potli were zealous memlicrs 
of the Presbyterian church and were retiring 
in ilisposition, though firm in princijile. 
Their sons were imbued with patriotism in- 
herited from their Kevulutinnary sires on the 
mother's side, and all enlisted dui-ing the 
progress of the late war. Our subjuct en- 

listed August 31, 18(51, as a private in Com- 
])any .\, Thirty-fnurth Indiana Infantry. 
March 1, lst)2, he was jM'oiiKjted to Second 
Lieutenant, and one year later to First Lieu- 
tenant of his company. His regiment was 
engaged at the siege of ^'ew ^ladrid, battle 
of Champion Hills, siege of Vicksburg and 
Jackson, itississippi, and many skirmishes. 
At the battle of Cliami)ion Hills Mr. llarter 
acted as aid to (ieneral iIc(Tiiinis, and car- 
ried to (General Grant tlie dispatch from 
General Ilovey asking lor reinforcements. 
This incident is alluded to by General Grant 
in his Memoirs (vol. 1, page 517). July 19. 
1864, Lieutenant llarter was discharged from 
the service for disability. Andrew and 
Thomas shared the fate of thousands of brave 
men who fell on the battle-field. jVndrew 
belonged to Company K, Se\enty-iifth Indi- 
ana Infantry, and was shot dead September 
19, 18G3, Avhile in line of duty at Chicka- 
mauga. Thomas, although a .sickl}' lad, after 
his brother's death insisted on takini>- his 
place. Although urged by his friends to 
.stay at home, on account of feeble health, he 
enlisted in C'oinp.uiy D, One Hundred and 
Thirty-seventh Indiana Infantry, for 100 days, 
lie was unable to withstand the Southern 
climate, and died a few days before his term 
of service ex])ired, at Tullahoma, Tennessee. 
Our subject returned home, and in August, 
1804, married Miss ]\Iartha, daughter of 
James and Ilachel ('Allen) Glass, of Jefferson 
Township. They commenced living on the 
farm, and ]Mr. llarter has followed that voca- 
tion ever since. He has also been an extensive 
breeder of stock. Previous to the war he 
was a teacher, and taught seven consecutive 
winters in this county. Dr. A. G. Gorrell 
and J. J. Todd, of Plull'ton. Dr. V,. V. Tor- 
rell, of ^«'ew Haven, Hon. Jo^ejih Ady, of 
Kansas, J. W. AV'^ilson, of Fort AVayne, Dr. 
Frederick Glock, deceased, late of Adams 





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('iiinity, llc\',s. Slicriii.'ui AfcCorklo and 
('Ii:irle.s O. Iiolili, and ntluT ndtt'd men td" tliis 
and other counties were liis jiupils. lie is a 
ineniljer of AVilliam Swaini I'ost, No. 1G9, 
tr. A. K., and was a delegate from the 
Eleventh District to the Grand Encainpinent 
held at San Fi'aiicisco August 3, 188G. For 
sixteen years ^Iv. Ilarter has served as one of 
tJie ruling ciders of the Ossian Presbyterian 
Church, and teacher for a nuniher of years of 
the adultliilileelass. Mr.and ]\Irs. Ilarter have 
had six children, only two surviving — ]\Iollie 
and AVehner. The daughter is completing 
her musical education, and is quite an 
accomplished scholar. Mr. Ilarter is a self- 
made man in every respect, having com- 
menced at the age of nineteen fir himself as 
a farm laborer at 50 cents per day, and now, 
as a result of honest industry and wise econ- 
omy, is in possession of a competence for 
present wants and future necessities. 

;:ILLIAM WAIKEL, merchant at 
n-,|,,,yj,| Danner, -was born in Mahoning 
I'^s^iM County, Ohio, in 1S4-1, son of P.en- 
jainin and Susan (I'aileyj AVaikel, who were 
natives of Pennsylvania. The father was 
born ill Susquehannah County. Tlie Bailey 
family has a large record in this county. I'en- 
jamiii and Susan were married in Ohio, and 
six cliildi-cn were born in that State — AVill- 
iam, ^lary A. (deceased), Levi, Henry, George 
and Frank. The family came to Indiana in 
1851, settling upon the farm now occupied 
by tiie aged father in Union Township. 
Alice and Sarah were born in that Township. 
All tlie children are married and all have fam- 
ilies. Levi married Cynthia Jarvis, George 
married Ilachel Wagner, Henry inarried a 
lady from Illinois, Frank married Ann 
AVoods, Alice is now Mrs. John Stoll'er, 

Sarah became the wife of I'eter Wicklilfe, 
and William, our subject, is the liusband of 
Olive Prough. In 18G1 Mr. AVaikel enlisted 
in Company A, Thirty-fourth Indiana, and at 
the expii-ation of his three years' service rc- 
enlisted in the same company and regiment, 
serving until the close of the war, and receiv- 
ing an honorable discharge at Brownsville, 
Texas, January 8, 18()G. His regiment was 
assigned to the Western Ai'my, and partici- 
pated in the ncited battles of Island Ko. 10, 
New ]\Iadrid, .Missouri, Duval's I^luff, Vicks- 
burg. Champion Hill, Jackson, Mississippi, 
and Baker's Creek. His regiment did garri- 
son duty for eighteen months at New Orleans. 
From there they were sent to Indianola, 
wliere they re-enlisted, and, after a furlough, 
were sent to llrazos Island. ]Mr. AVaikel was 
detailed there in the quartermaster's depart- 
ment and continued there during the re- 
mainder of his term. His brother Levi was 
a member of the One Hundred and First 
Kegiment, and served in all the engagements 
of that regiuient. After his return from the 
army, Mr. A\'^aikel was married, but not until 
he was thirty-one years of age. He did not 
like farm labor, and entered into various oc- 
cupations until 1882. When the new town 
of Banner was surveyed he decided to 
engage in the mercantile trade. He erected 
the second business house and the second 
dwelling-house in the village. He sold his 
farm in 1883, and since that time has devoted 
his attention wholly to the mercantile trade. 
The postotHce was established in 1882, and Mr. 
Waikel received tlie appointment of postmas- 
ter; he is still holding that position. He is one 
of the charter members of the Lew.Daily Post, 
No. 33, G. A. II. His father owned the first 
tlireshing machine brought to Union Town- 
ship, and AVilliam oiieraled it for many years. 
During the year 187'J he handled over 42,000 
bushels of grain. Mr. and Mrs. Waikel have 


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nwGHA Pin a A l s ketvukh. 

tlireu children — Allruil (i., Zorali ]\I. and 
Mdie. Diu'ini;' the seventeen 3'car.s that Mr 
Waikel (jpei-ated liis thresliiiig niaehine lie 
tlircahed over 700,000 hushcls of grain, lie 
takes great pride in tliis record, as it is not 
liicely to be surpassed. 

^^OIIN STUDAEAKEII, of the Exchange 
iiaid'; of Ijhiffton, and a prominent and 
one of the oldest citizens of AVells Conn- 
ty, was born in Darke County, Ohio, August 
15, 1S07, a son of Abraliani and j\rary (Town- 
send) Studabaker. lie received such educa- 
tion as could be obtained in the schools of 
liis neighborliood in that early day, which 
were held in rude log cabins. When a young 
man he engaged as clerk in the dry goods 
store of lleni'y Arnold, of Greenville, Ohio. 
In 183S he lel't Greenville for Wells County, 
Indiana, bringing with him a stock of goods 
consisting of articles that were needed by 
the settlers of that new country, and 0])ened 
\\\) a store in a log cabin north of the Pub- 
lic Sijuare in Illutfton, many of liis custom- 
ers being Indians. His stock of goods was 
brought from Cinciniuiti, Ohio, bj- wagons, 
rc(piiring some fifteen or twenty days to 
nud<e the round trip. He would exchange 
his goiids for all kinils of produce ami then 
he woidil hiad his teams that he sent for 
gijods and st;ll at Cinciniuiti. In 1844 the 
county began settling up pivtty fast, and he 
built hini a two-story frame building and en- 
larged his business. During this time he' 
was agent fiir the American Fur Company, 
and V)ought all kinds of furs and had control 
of the counties of Adams, Jay, AVells and 
IJlackfoi'd. Furs bringing cash and being 
rather plentiful he derived rpiite a trade. In 
1S5'2 he built a brick building on the same 
spot where he located his cabin, and in 185G 

he closed out the clry goods business and 
commenced banking in connection with his 
jiroduce bu.-inc.-s, under the name of Fx- 
change Ijanlc. In 181)3 the same merged 
into the First Kational l!ank, with John 
Studabaker as president, and in 18G8 the 
First National was discontinued, when the 
subject of this sketch, together with his 
brother, Peter Studabaker, and his nephew, 
Hugh Dougherty, organized the Exchange 
ISank of John Studaljaker iV: Co., \\dnch is 
still ill operation and doing a successful and 
extensive business. ls\\. Studabaker lias al- 
ways carried on the produce business and has 
built large elevators at Pluti'ton, Warren and 
Markle, Indiana, and at this time has asso- 
ciated with him .lames W. Sale, and his sons 
— David E. and John A. Studabaker — under 
the name of Studal)aker, Sale ifc Co. He 
owns a number of farms, also a large amount 
of town property, all of which he operates 
and maiuLges himself. In IS.jl he laid out 
an adilition to the town of niutl'ton, and in 
1809 made a second addition, and has made 
quite an improvement to the city. He lias 
always lieen in favor of ])ublic improvement. 
In 1850 Wells County was in tlie mud, and 
he, with others, originated and built the 
liluffton and Fort AVayne ])lank road, which 
opened quite an outlet for the produce. In 
1851 he was interested largely in thi^ Fort 
Wayne & Southern Pailroad, which was 
graded through Wells County, but failed for 
awhile on account of stringency for mcjuej'. 
In 180'J it was I'evived, and it was by his 
energy that it was completed. He subscribes 
to all the gravel road petitions and favors all 
])ublic improvements that will prove the most 
good to the people, and at all times will try 
to aid and assist those that are desci-ving, be- 
lieving in inilustry and economy in all things. 
July 7, 1839, he was married to Rebecca 
Angel, daughter of David Angel, one of the 



I .vJ./ 


luiuliii^ citizens of liarlce CVuiiity, Ohio, and 
niaih.' liis wedding t(inr on lioi-selia(d< tVcnn 
(iivrnvillc, Oliio, to niull'tdh, Indiana. Of 
tlic ten cliildicn l">i-n to tins nincm (inl\- tniir 
ai-i; \\<i\\ living'. T'oiir dird in eliildliuod. 
j\[ary .lane, liis eldest ilaut;litei', was married 
to Dwight Klinek, in ISIkJ, and from this 
union four children were liorn. In 1875, 
while ci'ossing tlic Atlantic Ocean, iMr. 
Klinek was drowned, when the steamship 
Schiller sank in the I'higlish (yhannel. In 
Anoiist, lS7(i, she was aii'ain married, to 
Jac(jl) J. Todd, a [)i-oniinent attoi'ney of JMulf- 
t(jn, 111' which union t\V(.) children have been 
horn, .leanette, his second daufrhter, was 
married to F. T. AVarinij, hy whom two chil- 
dren wei'e l)(.irn, a son and a daughter. In 
1874 Jeunette died, lea\dnjj; these two chil- 
dren to the care of her yoniiger sister, Mar- 
tha, wh(j, in 1875, was also married to F. T. 
AVariiig. ilis sun iJavid E. was mari-ieil to 
Emma Holmes, and has a fimily of two chij- 
di'en, anil Jcihn ^\., his youn_t;est son, was 
married to Edna -\ngel, of 1 )ayton, ( )hio, 
and has one child. In politics Mr. Studa- 
haker started out a Whii^;, and remained S(j 
until the war of the Rehelliou, when he took 
an acti\'e jiart in assisting to yet volunteei-s 
and in tilling up the quota of the county, 
lie remained with the Ilepublican party un- 
til 187t;, when he joined tlie Greenback 
party, and was twice on the State ticket and 
was also a candidate for Congress, but in 
188-1 he sevii'ed his connection with the 
Gi'eeuba(dc jiarty and allied iiimself with the 
Prohibiti(in party, and at this time is an 
active worker in it; being a strictly temper- 
ance advocate, he spends his time and means 
in forward iiii; the cause. In reliijion he be- 
longs to the ]\Iethodist ]']i)iscopal chni-ch, 
which he joined in 1844, and has been a 
prominent member ever since, and has aided 
the cliurcli in many ways, ilonatiuo- t,he i;-ronnd 

and subscribing larij-ely to tlie commodious 
eilitice of this church in r.luiftou. In his 
youn^-cr days he was an active woi-kcr in tlie 
Smnlay-school>. After spending the three 
score years ami ten allotted to man he still 
works and can-ies on his business as actively 
as in his younger days. Treading on bor- 
rowed time he thinks it liest not to be idle. 
As a business man Mr. Studabaker lias been 
successful and has accumulated a handsome 
fortune, and by his aid and assistance many 
others have homes aiul enjoy the comforts 
of life. i!oth he and his wife havini: almost 
arrived at the time to celebrate their golden 
weilding, enjoy the respect of the commun- 
ity in which they ha\e lived nearly a half 
century, seeing the county improve from the 
unbroken wilderness to one among the best 
improved counties of the State. 

f;EORGE DOSTER, deceased, was born 
'- in Somersetshire, England, Api-il 21, 
^1- 181G, and died in Nottingham Town- 
ship, this county, September fi, 18S(). His 
parents, Ilezekiah and Charlotte (Webb) 
l)oster, lived in Somersetshire, where tiiey 
both died at an advanced age, the fatlier dying 
February 11, 1872, and the mother one year 
later. George was reared to manhood on a 
farm, and was married, March 3U, 1840, in 
his native country, to iMiss Jane llardwidge, 
born (October 5, 1823, ilaughter of (ieorge 
antl Sarah (JellVey) llardwidge. In 1848 he 
immigrated to America, came to Huron Coun- 
ty, Ohio, and engaged in farming. He re- 
moved to Nottingham Township, this count}', 
in 1852, which was his home thirty-four 
years. He was a devoted member of the 
Baptist church forty-tive years, and a Sunday- 
school superintendent over twenty years. He 
was a Conscientious and consistent Christian, 


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: Mi.^v l;: 1:'-if\in)' 


if I 





jiwaiiAi'irrcAL sketches. 


ii]ii'ii;lit and lioiioralilo in all his doalinj^s, and 
loved ami cstei-'nii'd liy all avIki knew liini. 
Two cliildren wi.ti; liorii to (ic(.iro;(' and .lane 
Dostcr — John and llezekiah; the t'ornier was 
born June 10, 1841, and died April 2, 1814; 
Hezekiah is a phj'sician of Poneto. 


OITN DOUGIIEirrV, dealer in hay and 
luniher at lilutl'ton, is a native of J)arke 
County, Ohio, liorn on a farm near 
Greenville, .Marcli 17, 181'J. His ]iarents, 
AVilliani and JMargaret (Studabaker) Dongh- 
erty, had a family of seven children, four sons 
and three danghtors, ho being the third son. 
He was reared to agricultural pursuits oti his 
father's farm, and was educated in the coininou 
schools of his neighborliood, which he at- 
tcTided during the winter terms until reach- 
ing the arre of sixteen years, after which he 
taught school for five montlis. In December, 
ISfiS, he came to AVells C'ounty, and found 
employment on tlie farm of J). D. Studabaker 
until September, ISIj'J. lie tlicn entered tlic 
store of James Kain, of Ilhifi'ton, as cleric. 
In ^[ay, 1870, he was engaged as liookkeeper 
liv the manufacturing firm of Linn i^; Studa- 
baker, and in tlie fill of 1871 he became 
associated with James Crosbie, 15. F. Willy 
and David Drummond, and was engaged in 
]>ork ])acking, and buying and shipjiing grain 
and live stock, under the firm name of Cros- 
l)ie, "Willy i'^: Co., until September, 1S72, 
when the business was discontinued. He 
then with otliers engaged in tlie produce 
business, and later engaged in the livery busi- 
ness at ]!luti'ton, which lie carried on until 
1871. In that year be began dealing in 
himber at Bluffton with Calvin "Whitney, 
with whom he was associated nmler the firm 
name of AVhitney i^- Dougherty, until Nti- 
\fmlicr, lss;j, when the lirm name was 

changed to John Dougherty I't Co. .Mr. 
Dougherty has been twice mai-ried. Septem- 
ber 27, 1871, he married .Mattie \\. Best, who 
lived near Huntington, Indiana. She died 
at Minneapolis, Minnesota, while on a visit, 
September 10, 1877, leaving a son named 
Charles 1]., who was born at IJlulfton, Octo- 
ber 2, 1872. Jlr. Dougherty was again mar- 
ried December 15, 1880, to Dora E. Owen, a 
daughter of Seymour and Dollie (Gilson) 
( )wen, of jS'orwalk, Ohio. This union has 
been blessed with one. chikl, ( >wen Gilson, 
who was born at Bluffton, December 29, 1886. 
They have an adopted daughter named IMaud 
Cecil Irvin, who has lived with them since 
February, 1882, being at that time four years 
of ao-e. Mr. Doutrheitv is a member of tlie 
]\Iethodist church, as was also his first wife. 
His present wife is a member of the Episco- 
pal cliurcli of Norwalk, Ohio. 

/^OIIN C. IIER11MA"NN, farmer and tile 

naiiufacturer,^'ottingh:im Townshi]i,was 
^ born in tlie Kingdom of Saxony, now in 
the Empire of (iermany, in the village of 
Erbersbach, June 23, 1820, son of John G. 
and Johanna Soi)liia (Meyer) Herrmann. His 
father was a weaver by tradi', an occnpatiou 
he followed during Ids life-time. John 
G. was reared in his native village, and in 
early life worked on farms; but after a few 
years nfave up the farm to learn the stone 
mason's trade. After serving one year and a 
half, he and two schoolmates conceived the 
idea of coining to America to try their for- 
tunes in the new world. Accordingly, in 
June, 1852, they bade farewell to friends and 
relatives, went to Bremen and took passage 
on the German two-masted ship Sophia, and 
after a voyage of two months they arrived at 
the Empire Citv. 'i'hev were sliiiiwrerl:ed 

' ■ ll .t-.l ><>'■■■• ■■■■ 

-.-i' .":.i u«'..i.-«ii •• 


ins'ldllY (IF WKI.I.S VOUNTY. 

unce duriiiu- the voyage, ami the pumps gave 
uiit, ami t'(.ir a whole month jiassciii^crs and 
erow liad to turm liin.-l;et lines ami bail the 
watn- cjiit iit'tlu' IkjIiI. 'I'Ik-v an-lvoti at New 
\ oi'k AiiL;iibl 21, ami his eiinipanidnf) acetmi- 
panied him as far as Dayton, Ohio, but left 
there the t'ollowing spring for Illinois. Mr. 
Herrmann, however, remained at Dayton 
until lSt]0, working the first year on the 
State Insane Asylum. In the fall of 18G0 
be came to Wells County and settled upon 
l')0 aeres of land which he had ]jurcha^ed 
about two years before. This laud was 
cii\-ercd with a hea\y gi'oNVth nf timber, and 
he was obliged to clear e\eu the ground on 
^\hich to erect his iirst lug cabin, using the 
logs cut down in the construction of his abid- 
ing ])lace. The cabin is still standing on the 
]n'emises. In the summer of 18S-i liis sons- 
in-law, John IJears and John Marsh, com- 
menced the manufacture of tile on Mr. 
Herrmann's land, and in the summer of 
l^SIJ Mr. Herrmann became a member of 
the iirm in the place cif -Mr. IJears, and the 
iirm is now Herrjuann A; Co. They have sale 
fur all they can munufacture, and so far have 
sold it all in Nottingham Township. Sep- 
tember 22, 1800, Mr. Herrmann was married 
to Miss ]\Iary Council, born in (ireenville, 
near Ualtiniore, Maryland, and a daugliter of 
Samuel and Taliitha Ann (Ilarwood) Council. 
The father died in Greene County, Ohio; her 
mother is living in Montgomery County that 
State. i\Ir. and ATrs. Herrmann are the 
{)arcnts of four children— -Rose jVlice, wife of 
John I!ears; Johanna Sophia, wife of John 
Marsh; Ann and Jesse. In October, ISGi, 
j\Ir. Herrmann entered the Union army as a 
member of Company K, Fifty-third Indiana 
Infantr}', and served in the Seventeenth 
Army Corps, under General Scliolield, in 
Sherman's army. He first went to Tennessee, 
thence to Daltoii, Georgia, thence to Balti- 

more, where he took a ship for Nortli Caro- 
lina. There he met the rebels near Jvinirstun, 
ami drove them back to the \icinity of 
Kideigh, where .luluistuu surren<lered his 
army. lie marched with Shrruian through 
the Caroliiuis to \Vashington, and jiarticipated 
in tlie grand review of the victorious armies 
at the close of the civil war. From Wash- 
ington he was sent to camp at Louisville, 
Kentucky, where he remained one month, 
and was then sent to Indianapolis, whci'c he 
was discharged in -Vugust, 18G5. He is a 
member of the Cani])bellite church, and his 
wife of the Christian church. Has been a 
liepublicau since coming to the county. 

|Tf HOMAS A. F. DOAX was born in 
^M ]f Staifordshire, England, June 10, 1845, 
fpJ and immigrated to America in 1870. 
His first permanent location was made at 
Ossiaii, in 1870. He is a miller by trade, 
and foi' several years was engaged in a large 
merchant mill at Burton-on-Trent. His 
parents were .John and Elizabeth (Foundling) 
l)(jan, also natives of England, and they 
reared four children — Mary A., who is the 
wife of Samuel Kirby, miner; Emma, wife of 
John niackshaw, laljoi'er; Sarah deceased, 
and Thomas; all are in England except Thom- 
as. jVfter his arrival at Ossian Mr. Doan 
was employed iu the stave factory of L. M. 
Cary, and later at Decatur, Adams County. 
In 1871 he returned to Ossian, and the 18th 
of August, the following year, he became a 
naturalized citizen of the United States, and 
identiiied Iiiinself with the Ilepublican party. 
In 1875 he purchased an interest in the saw 
and planing-mills of Koons ife Co., which has 
continued to the pi'esent time. He is book- 
keeper of the firm and looks after the general 
interests of the mill. Mr. Doan was first 




iii;irrit'(l in Eng-laml, to Annie White, and 
tliey liail (Uie son, itielinrd, wlu) died iit tlic 
iiire of tlire(! months. .AFi'S. I )oan died Octo- 
ber S, and tlie son October 'Js, ISGU. J\Ir. 
J)onn's second wife, wlioni ho married Octo- 
l)cr 17, 1S72, was Miss Mary E. Mctts, the 
marriage ceremony being pcrforined by 
Rev. L. Koberts, of Ossian. Mrs. Doan 
is tlie dangliter of James and Miranda 
(Sntton) Metts. wlio were among the pioneer 
families of this county. ^\r. and ]\Irs. Doan 
are tlie ])areiits of two ehihlrcn — Maggie 
]\rabel and William ]\[etts. ^^fr. Doan has 
become one of the foremost business men of 
Ossian, and is very highly esteemed in his 

fAYII) XERSllNER, farmer, Chester 
! Township, was born in Miami County, 
^ip Ohio, October 14, 1827, son of Henry 
and Esther (Wagner) Ivcrshner, natives of 
]!erks County, J'ennsylvania, wlierc tliC}' 
were married, then removed to ]\[iami 
County, where they lived nntil 1832, thence, 
by team, to Union County, where they were 
pioneers. Seven years later the family re- 
moved to AVayne County, thence to Black- 
ford County, this State, in 1849, where David 
was married, and cainc to Wells County in 
1851. They settled on 120 acres of land 
one-half mile from wlicrc ho now lives, which 
was then in its primitive conilition. Mr. Kcrsli- 
ner went at once to work to clear a space 
BufHcient for a building, and with the logs 
tlius cut down erected his first log cabin. 
Jle gave no attention to hunting, although 
deer and wild game were abundant, lie 
cleared about thirty acres of his land, then 
removed to Scuttle Crook, Chester Township, 
upon a partly cleared ])iecc of land, lie lived 
there one year, and in 18G5 bought eighty 

acres of land wheie he now resides. About 
forty acres were cleared, and now about sixty 
acres are tillable. Jle has himself made all 
the im])rovements on his place. About a year 
after he came to AVells County, his jiarents 
also came to Chester Township, wiiich was 
their liome until 1803, when they removed 
to Appanoose County, Iowa. In 1872 they 
i-eturned to Wells C'onnty, where the father 
died in 1877, and the mother in 1881. .Mr. 
Kerslmer was mari'ied in 1850 to Miss Eliza- 
beth M. Putnam, a native of J'lackford 
County, who died in 185G. To this union 
were born two ciiildren, of whom one, Will- 
iam K., is living; Alonzo is deceased. Janu- 
ary y, 1863, Mr. Kerslmer was married to 
^liss Peggy Palmer, born in AVayne County, 
Indiana, and died Octolier I'J, 1871. Their 
two ciiildren, Josephine and an infant un- 
named, are deceased. Mr. Kerslmer married 
his ])resent wife, Nancy Jarrett, July 24, 
1870. She was born in Wells County, a 
daughter of John and Mary (Sills) Jarrett. 
They are the parents of four children — Elva, 
Esther, Amanda and Lydia. ]\Irs. Kershner 
is a member of the Christian church. Mr. 
Kershner is a Popublican in politics, and 
has held the offices of supervisor, assossoi'and 
land appraiser of his township. 

Jf^ A. LOCKWOOD, farmer, Nottingham 
'il'TT"- Township, was born in ^ladison 
'S^-^ County, Ohio, October 31, 1838, son 
of Alonzo and Eliza (Stanley) Lockwood. 
His father is a native of the State of Maine, 
and tVdlowed boating while in that State. His 
mother is a native of Ohio. When he was 
eight years of age hispai-cnts removed to this 
county and located in Nottingham Townshiji, 
where they still leside. lie was reared to 
inaidiood in this county, and has always 

■ ' . • •: •111': '•''■ 

,^!'i,':ii-';r.';i Mi-r 

.' ' 




livi'il liLTc siiu'c liis lirst ;i(l\x'nt licre. lie 
piirrliaMMl fortv uri'u.s (if liiiid wlicre liu now 
ri'siiles in ls51l, aiiil lias siiieo adik'il tu it iiu- 
lil liu now lias 120 acres. lie was married 
in Wells Coiiiity, .Inly 11, 1S5',I, tu IMiss \\. 
tSeliooley, liorii in Martin County, Iinliana, 
and a dangliter of Harvey and Mary (i\liteli- 
cll) Scliooley, wliii reside in Nottingham 
Township. His ehildren were ten in iinin- 
lier, of wIruii se\-en are liviiii^ — Mary Eliza, 
wife of Thadduns llnrst; Alice Alhina, wife 
t'f I'eter Shoemaker; AVilliam Ulysses, Lita, 
Harvey, (lliver and Tliaddens. The deceaseii 
are-Litha, Henry Stanley and an infant 
niinamcd. ^Ir. Loekwood enlisted in the serv- 
ice of the [Jnioii in Octoher, 1864, as a 
meinlici- of Company X, Fifty-third Indiana 
Infantry, and was assigned to the Seventeenth 
Army Corps, nn<le)' General Shei'man. lie 
went to the front at Nasliville, thence to 
Dalton, Cieorgia, thence to Nashville again, 
thence to I'ittsbnri^ and Baltimore, thence 
liy shiji to ^[(jrehead City, North Carolina, 
thence to Ivingston, whei'e they drove the 
rebels to Goldshorongh, thence to Kideigh to 
meet Johnston; but after the line of battle 
was formed, Joluiston refused to fiyht and 
laid down his arms. iMr. Loekwood then 
\vent to Richmond, thence to Lonisville, 
where he was mustered out, and was dis- 
charj^'ed the 21st of July. 1SG5, and returned 
home. Politically Jlr. Loekwood has been 
identified with the Kcpublican party since 
the Rebellion. 

^i^/JN. JOSEPH S. DAILEY is a native 
%Qa\. of Wells County, Indiana, born ilay 31, 
"^i 1844, and has always been a resident of 
the county. lie is the fourth son of James 
Dailey, who in 1850 was elected aiulitor of 
said count}-, when he removed from his farm 

to IMiifl'ton, ^^•here he li\cd and faithi'ully 
discharLjed his duties as auditor to the satis- 
faction of all. The subject of this sketch, 
after atteii<liiii; the ]>ul)|ic schools of his 
native county, receised a thorough training 
in the law department of the State University 
at Ploominicton, Indiana, where he gi-aduated 
in the winter of ISOG, and immediately 
entered upon the practice of law at P.luffton, 
Indiana, with Hon. George S. Prown. In 
October, 1800, lie was elected district at- 
torney for the common pleas district in 
which he resided, aiui in 1808-'70-'72 and 
'74 he was elected prosecuting attorney of the 
judicial circuit to which A\^ells County was 
attached. In 1870 he formed a partnership 
with Hon. Levi Mode, with whom he has 
since been associated under the firm name of 
Dailey A: Mock. When the Narrow Gauge 
Railroad was in process of construction I\Ir. 
Dailey was attorney foi- the road, and was at 
one time a director thereof, and has at all 
times been an active promoter of public 
improvements. His acijuaintance and rela- 
tionship is very extensive, and he is afiable 
and obliging in his manners, and his success 
as a lawyer has been very great. So large is 
the number of his friends that when the 
question is asked by one needing a lawyer, 
" To whom shall I go for advice," the answer 
sjirings from many lips, " Go to Joe Dailey." 
No deserving poor person goes in vain to 
.Mr. Dailey for such aid as is in his power, 
though he is by no means a rich man. Mi-. 
Dailey's mother was Lydia Garton, a datigh- 
tcr of the well-known Judge Jonathan fiarton 
of AVells County, who died recently at the 
age of eighty-three years, resj)ected by all 
who knew him. Mr. Dailey's mother died 
in 1850, but his father is still living, an 
upright and intelligent farmer, active still in 
his labors, at the age of seventy-one years. 
Mr. Dailey was elected a member of the 


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Indiana House ut' lieprcsentativus in 1S7S, 
serving liis cun.-titueiits witli ti<lelity. In 
18S2 lie \\:is tlie nominee of his party tor 
Congressman I'mm tlie Eleventh Indiana Dis- 
trict, lint tliiiuj^di del'eate<l, he redneed the 
JN'ational Jleimhliean majurity of tliat district 
tVoni 1,0^0 to 'A',Vo. Mr. J)ailey was marrieti 
Jlareh 15, 1^70, at ^farion, Indiana, to Emma, 
daughter nt'.luhn ! '. and Henrietta tJntelius. 
His wile was laii-n in Kairlield ( 'onnty, Ohio, 
Janinu-y 17, 1^52, and came with her parents 
to AVells County in September, 1S08, and is 
Btill living. Mr. and Mrs. Dailcy are the 
parents ol' lour children — I'^rank C, horn 
I)ecemher22, 1S70; Lewis W., born :March 
S. ls74; Charles (i., horn ^March 2'J, 1S7G, 
and JUanclie, burn Feliruary 'J, ISSC. J\Ir. 
Hailey's (jUalilications as a lawyer are recog- 
nized by both bench and liar, and he has 
lieen several times called by court and coun- 
sel to sit as special judge in the trial of 
important law suits. 

^** " ^ 

.^OHN E. TE^[^LET()N, farmer and 
"^",'1 1 stoek-raiser, Rock Creek Townsliip, was 
^^ born in I'ntnam County, Ohio, July 3, 
1^37, a Son of liobert II. ami Fannie (Sehif- 
fenh') Tein])leton. The father was a native 
of Trumbull County, Ohio, born April U, 
1S07, a sciu of ^Villiam Tenipleton, who was 
hovu near I'hiladelphia, I'ennsylvania, and 
whose father came from Scotland to America 
liefore the Uevolutionary war, and was a 
(General in that memorable struggle for inde- 
pendence. AVhile taking a dispatch from 
(ieneral AVashington to some point he was 
jirubably killed by Indians or by the Hritish, 
as he was never heard of afterward. Kobert 
II. Tenipleton was first married to Sarah 
Uegle, November S, 182S, in Trumbull 
(.'onnty, ( )liio, and to them W'ere born two 

Sons — AVarren, who died at the age of thirty- 
one years while in the service of his country 
during the late war, and A'elson, who was 
born dune 9, ls31, is now living in Trumbull 
( '(Minty, Ohio. Mrs. Uobcrt H. Templetou 
died in June, 1834, and Mr. Temjileton was 
afterward married to ]\Iiss .McCollum, of 
Pennsylvania, wlio lived but a few months 
after her marriage. Sopteudier 13, 188G, he 
was married to ]\riss Eannie Schilienly, who 
was born near l!ernc, Switzerland, and wlien 
twelve years of age was brought by her par- 
ents to America. They first located in Wayne 
County, Ohio, and shortly afterward movetl 
to Putnam County, where she gi-ew to 
womanhood, living there until after her mar- 
riage. I!y his last marriage ]\Ir. Temjileton 
had eight children, of whom si.x still survive. 
He followed farming in Ohio until the spring 
of 1848, wdien he came to Imliana with his 
family, which then consisted of his wife and 
six children. They settled on the Indian re- 
serve in Jetferson Township, AVells County, 
where he entered HIO acres of Government 
land, where he followed farming the rest of 
his life, clearing his land and bringing it 
under good cultivation, ile died March 14, 
1871, his wife surviving until September 17, 
1879, dying in her sixty-iirst year. Jolm E. 
Tenipleton, whose name heads this sketch, 
was ten years of age when he came with his 
parents to Wells County, and here he was 
i-earcd to the avocation of a farmer, his youth 
being spent in assisting his father on the 
farm and in attending the subscription school. 
He resided with his parents until his mar- 
riage, January 24, 1800, to Miss Martha A. 
Quackenbush, a daughter of William and 
]\Iary (Allen) Quackenbush, the father born 
in iS'ew Yoi-k, of Cerman descent, and the 
mother born in Khode Island, of Puritan 
ancestry. Her pai'ents were married in tlic 
State of New York, where she was born, they 




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iiiovitig to Triiiiil)ull County, ()!ii<i, wlu'ii slic 
was t-i\ years oM, ami in that county t-lie 
oi'fw.d) niaturily. Ilcr jiaiont.s caino to 
W'l'lls County, Imliana, in ls5(), ami .selllcd 
ill ik'H'crt^on 'rownship, where they lived till 
their death. Two ehildren liavo been horn 
to ^fr. and 3[rs. Tenqileton — Ida J!, and 
]\rary ]•]., of \vhoni the latter died in infancy. 
Lhi !!. niari'ied I. ]•]. Diiniienian, (k'tol)er 20, 
ISSH, who died Fehruary 5, 18sG, leavini,^ 
one child--<)ra F. >\fter his marriage ]\Ir. 
Tenijileton followed farniiiii^ in Jetl'ei'son 
Township, Wells County, tor iive years. In 
1S7B ho bon^lit eighty acres of iininiproved 
huid on section 12, Liljerty Township, which 
he cleai'ed and improved, liviuL,' there until 
isSa. He then sold his land in Liberty 
Townsliip ami purchased his present farm in 
liock Creek To\\nship, wliei'c he has eii^hty 
acres of well-improved land under line culti- 
vation. Mr. Templeton is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, belonu;in^' to Lodge No. 
45, at nintl'ton. Li [lolitics he is a Kejiub- 

"/\/\ '-"'li'^""'''''-'' ''^■''» '"J''" i'^''^'" >^harj)s- 
'^~T^ l>iiric, AVashington County, Mary- 
laud, in is;i7, daughter of Abram and i\[ary 
(4i-iflin, who wore the parents of eight chil- 
dren — Henry, Thomas, >[ary A., Caroline, 
Klias, (ieoi-L'e, Abram and Martha. All are 
living and married except the eldest daugh- 
ter, who is deceased. Our subject Nvas mar- 
ried to Jacob Gardenour in 1850, and they 
settled in Maryland, where they lived until 
five children were born — Alice, John, Cath- 
erine, Sarah and Ann. In 18G-i they re- 
moved to Indiana, where Mr. Gardenour 
])urchased the farm upon which his widow 
now resides, and which was then owned by 

his brother John, 'i'he latter made liis home 
with them (hiring his life-time, as he was 
nnmai-i'ifd. In the lirst ]ilace .lacub lioughL 
eighty acres, and in 1S77 John made his 
brother a present of the t)ther eighty. When 
]\rrs. Gardenour came to this county with her 
husband and family they moved into a log 
house, which is yet standing; but the wild- 
ness of the country, even at that late date, 
was almost sutKcieut inducement to make 
him wish to return to his native county had 
]\[rs. Gardenour given her consent. They 
remained, however, and he became one of the 
most prosperous farmers. The land has been 
mostly cleared by liimself, and one of the 
neatest country residences in the township 
was erected by him prior to his death. Lit- 
tle did they dream when a home was made 
in the leafy woods of Union Township, that a 
few years later a beautiful and thriftj' village 
wo\ild stand upon a ])art of their land, and 
that a railroad would jiass their door. \ et 
all of this has transpired, and Jacob Garde- 
nour and his family have become well known 
throughout the county. Mr. Gardenour was 
born in "Washington County, _Maryland, where 
he was reared and remained nntil his mar- 
riao-e. Of his ancestry but little is known. 
His brother Joseph married Ellen Dewitt, 
and resides in this county; George is a resi- 
dent of Smitlisburg, ALaryland; Maria mar- 
ried Peter Ilavermale, and lives in Canton, 
Illinois. These are his brothers and sisters. 
He was a ])ractical fanner and never held 
olHcial ]>ositions of any kind, preferring to 
improve his farm and enjoy his home and 
family. His death occurred in March, 1885. 
After their location in AVells County, three 
other children were born — William, Frank 
and Elvia. Alice married John Crum, and 
lias six children — Frank, Charles, Delbert, 
Etlie, Attie M. and Ivy; John is the husband 
of Addie Brichley, and they have one son — 

" im'^ta ^m' 


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Ivu-1 'J\; Ann wciMed William Srott, wiio re- 
sides (jii his father's I'ariu in Union Tuw ii- 
shin. The other children live with tlieir 
mother on tlic home farm at Uniondale. 


1| iU' ^" Wayne County, t)hio, January 8, 
■^P 18"25. lie read medicine with Dr. 
I'ardcc, of Wadswortli, iledina County, Ohio, 
and attended lectures at Cleveland, Ohio, in 
tlie winter of l^iS-'-l'J. lie came to Ossian, 
AVells County, Indiana, in the spring of 18-19 
and began tlie practice of medicine, and re- 
mained tliere until .Vntjust, 1835, when lie 
removed to IJlack Hawk County, Iowa, and 
engaged in his profession until the spring of 
1857, when he returned to Wells County, 
Indiana, and settled at Murray. In the win- 
ter of 1804 he again attended lectures at 
Cleveland, Ohio. In November, 1800, he 
moved to Dlutl'ton, Wells County, Indiana, 
where he jiracticed until his death, which 
occurred January 20, lb7'J. 


|f^-:^?JLES N. NEAVJ\[AN, ]\I. I)., was born 
''j^iivl\ '" '^^''^'^ Buren County, Iowa, Decem- 
■^~:r- ber 2'J, 1843, son of William and 
Hannah (11 alliday) Newman. The Newman 
family are of (ierman ancestry, and were 
residents of Virginia. William, the father, 
was born in Ohio, and married in Morgan 
County, Illinois. A fter marriage they emi- 
grated to Iowa, settling in Henry County, 
about 1838. A few years later the family 
removed to Van liuren County, entered a 
half section of land, and the parents are yet 
living upon the original entry. They have 
six children — James 11., of California; Ellen, 
widow of Lafayette Spencer, of California; 

Loren/o 1)., of Munlana; John I)., Hannah 
M. E. and Miles A'. The latter was empk)yed 
upon his father's farm until he was sixteen 
years of age, and then matriculated at tlie 
Iowa A\'esleyan University, at Mount Pleas- 
ant; but after attending one year, enlisted in 
Company 11, Third Iowa Cavalry. Until 
1861 his regiment was on duty west of the 
^lississippi, and was then transferred to 
Nashville, Tennessee. He was actively en- 
gaged during the war for four years, and 
participated in the battles of Jloore's ]Mills, 
Kirksville, Missouri, Hartsville, BateBville, 
and Little Hock, .Vrkansas, anil numerous 
other engagements. He enlisted as a private, 
was early appointed Corporal, and Ijy virtue 
of merit promoted to Orderly Sergeant, in 
which capacity he remained during his term 
of service. After his return from the army 
]\[r. Newman comjJeted his classical course, 
and in 18G7 began the study of medicine 
under the tutelage of Dr. J. N. Norris, of 
Lirmingham, Iowa, and matriculated at the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, at Keo- 
kuk, Iowa, in the fall of 1808. He attended 
a second course during the winter of 1870- 
'71, and graduated in the spring of that year. 
Prior to his graduation lie was actively en- 
gaged in practice at P.ainsville, Kansas, and 
later returned to that village, where he re- 
mained until 1873, at which time lie located 
at Birmingham, Iowa. June 11, 1874, he 
was married in that city to Miss Mary G. 
Wilson, daughter of William P. and Susanna 
Wilson, well-known residents of this county. 
February 20, 1887, a permanent location was 
made at Ossian, where he has since been act- 
ively engaged in the jiractice of his profes- 
sion. In 1885 he was elected trustee of 
Jeflei'son Township, and at the expiration of 
his term was re-elected. He has charge of 
the schools in his township, and has exerted 
his powers in securing the most competent 

^iH'^ii^ya !^M*it>*ii??i 





touehurs I'ur tlie sixteen selioulo in Jeti'ersou, 
ami the ■j;r;uleil teliuol at O.^siaii is secciul 
to luMie ill the enmity. ^[L)l•o achucil-iioiises 
lia\e liueu built, ami the cause of ediieatiull 
iiKiie hir^uly proiuoted, during the doctor's 
term as trustee than ever before, and his re- 
election is iunple e\idence that the public 
ai)preciates liis services. l)r. >i'ewinaii and 
his wife have had one son, Sidney, born Sep- 
tember 7, 1ST5, and died Auj^ust 215, 18.S3. 

^.O.MEIi LKAKK .AFARTIN, an attorney- 
ijfx^ at-la\v of lUulfton, Jndiaiia, is a native 
■^iC'i of rennsyivaiiia, born in Butler Coun- 
ty, October 13, iJ^ol. lie received his ele- 
mentary education in the common school, 
completing it at the Witlierspoon Institute 
at Butler, I'ennsylvania, and at the age of 
twenty-three years began the study of Law in 
the law dejiartment of the Cohiinbia Univer- 
sity at Washington, 1). C, completinfj; a full 
course from that institution in June, 1875. 
Tiie following iS'ovember he came to Wells 
County, Indiana, and began tlie practice of 
his chosen profession. 

fETER BiVILEY, deceased, was born in 
Trumbull County, Ohio, May 29, 1818, 
"^^ son of Jacob and Barbara (TJupright) 
Bailey, early settlers of tliat county. lie 
leai-ned the carpenter's trade when a young 
man, and worked at that business for some 
time after coming to this county. He was 
reared to industrious and economical habits 
and always saved his money. In 1827 Jacob 
Meyer, with his wife Catlierine, came from 
Lehiuh County, Bennsylvania, and settled 
near Lordstown. Tlicy were the parents 
of ten children — Nathan, Daniel, Polly, 

Catherine, Sarah, J^ovina, Eliza and J^ydia; 
two are decea.-icd. I.ydia Meyer became the 
wil'e of our .-.iibject in April, l>il2, and they 
began housekeeping near tlie village of 
Lordstown, where I'eter had purchased twenty 
acres of land. Six of their children were born 
in Ohio — Sarah, wife of AVilliam Coldner; 
Mary, wife of Jacob Loo; Catherine, now 
]\Irs. Calvin Spencer; Elizabeth, wife of 
Christian Loo; Jacol), who married j\Iary 
Rodgers, of LockiKirt, New York, and resid- 
ing at Paulding Center, Ohio; George, who 
married Emma Lamb, and living at Union- 
dale. The following were born in Union 
Township — Joseph E., who married Annie 
Lepper; Eliza, wife of Isaac Christlieb; Ma- 
tilda, wife of John Burnsides, and Jennie, 
wife of Levi Shorey. Mr. 15ailey removed to 
this county with his family in 1851, settling 
upon the farm where his widow now resides. 
A poor log cabin and one acre cleared were 
all the improvements that liad been made, as 
the land was situated on the Indian Reserve, 
which had been open for settlement only a 
short time. A part of the caliin had no tloor, 
and for several years they lived in a very 
primitive way. He was able to pay cash for liis 
land, and being the happy possessorof a watcli, 
sold that to his father, who moved the family 
here, for money enough to buy a cow. AVhile 
the wife and children were picking brush and 
rolling up the smaller l<igs, Peter was work- 
ing hard at his trade. Their meat was wild 
game. Wolves howled around the cabin at 
night, and tiie liabe^ would nestle closer to 
their good motiier's siile as the mournful 
notes rose high on the midnight air. They 
could not then foresee that in a few short 
years railroads would pass so near to them, 
and that enterprising towns would spring up, 
where there was nought but an unbroken 
forest and not a settler's cabin could be seen. 
They came to the township over the plank 

I. I "-^ ■,■11 "(■ 

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roiiil leading I'niin I'\irt W'ayiio to IlliiU'ton, 
;ui<l till' early scttlcT iK'prinleil uii tliu ax to 
clear ;i road to the land owned liy etch; and 
iiail they not carried a coni])asss, would iVe- 
qiientl}^ have been lost, in the woods. i\Ir. 
Jiuiley was one of the lirst supervisors in the 
townsliip, and lielped to clear up thclineand 
locate the roads running in both directions 
from his land. During his later years he de- 
voted his time entirely to his farm, and at 
his death, which occurred May To, 1S73, left 
a (piarti;r-section of laud to his fimily. lie 
was a member of the Lutheran church, and 
was one of the lii'st to assist in the establish- 
ment of that church in the neigliborh(jod. 
lie was hiohly res})eetcd and his loss was 
deeply regretted, ilis wife is now sixty-six 
years of age, is yet sprightly and cheerful. 
She resides on the homestead, wdiicli is man- 
aged by her grandson, Edward J^. Goldner. 

fOlIN W. .MARKLEY, farmer, section 
is, Harrison Township, was born in 
,^ tliat township Feljruary 3, 18-43, second 
son and third child of Gabriel ]\[arklcy, now 
deceased. Jle was reared on a farm, and 
obtained his education in the subscription 
and common schools. He remained with his 
parents until the breaking out of the late 
civil war, when he enlisted, August 15, 18(52, 
in Company I?, One JInndred and First 
Indiana Infantry. He participated in many 
hard fought battles. Among the most prom- 
inent were the battles of Chickamauga, 
Atlanta, and with Sherman to tlic sea. I)ur- 
ing the figlit at Chickamauga he received a 
wound from a ball passing across his breast, 
which disabled him from active duty for 
about two months. While following ^[or- 
gan's troops lie met with a narrow escape 
from the rebel prisons; he was captured, and 

released the; same night. After serving 
three years he was jionorably discharged 
June I'J, iSll.'ijat l.i)uis\ille, Kentucky. Ho 
was married October 21, 1SU7, to Miss 
Araminta, daughter of ]Ja\id and Catherine 
(Gates) Powell, the former a native of Han- 
cock County, Maryland, and the latter of 
I'elmont County, Ohio. They came to this 
county in 18-15, where j\Ir. Powell died in 
1877. Mrs. Markley was born in this county 
October 20, ISIS. After his marriage ^Mr. 
jMarkley settled upon his present farm in 
Harrison Township, where he owns 272 acres 
of improved land in a high state of cultiva- 
tion. They have had live children, four of 
whom are deceased — Leora died January 19, 
18S1, aged ten years and four months; Alma 
died January 28, 188i, aged eight years and 
seven months; Hannah C, born February 9, 
1881, died May 13, 1882; Franklin, born 
January 13, 1873, still survives; one child 
died in infancy. Mrs. Markley is a member 
of the Christian church. In politics ilr. 
Markley affiliates with the ^^ational party. 


y^IIARLES SCOTTON, county commis- 
hE sioner of AVells County, residing on 
\»-'i section 31, Lancaster Townshij), dates 
his birth in Wayne County, Ohio, uear Woos- 
ter, October 31, 18-11. His parents, John 
and Dina (Jellings) Scotton, were born and 
reared in Coventry, England, and were the 
parents of fourteen children of whom seven 
yet survive — Jolin J., of Huntington County, 
Indiana; Mrs. Ann Corlew, also living in 
Huntington County; !Mrs. Dina Carl, of Fort 
Wayne, Indiana; Edwin, living in Kansas; 
Mrs.Eliisabeth Schnatterly,of Kansas; Charles, 
the subject of this sketch, and Mrs. Mary J. 
Ware, of Wells County. The parents immi- 
grated to the United States in 1832, and 









MM.| l-Ci I 









ursTonr of wells county. 

after living one year in lintl'alo, New York, 
they in lS3iJ i-emoved to \\'ayne Cunnty, 
()liio, wlierc they made their home until 
coming to A\'^ells County, Indiana, in 1842. 
They settled in Kock Creek Township, where 
tliey built their pioneer home in the dense 
wilderness, and there our subject was reared, 
his youth being spent in farm labor and in 
attending the schools of tlie county. On 
reaching years of maidiood he engaged in 
fanning in Huntington Con)ity, where he 
remained two years. lie then returned to 
"Wells Coiintv rind settled in Lancaster Town- 
sliiji, wliero ho has since made his home. 
June 4, lS(*i8, ]\rr. 8cotton was married to 
]\[iss Julia Davis, a daughter of William P. 
and Lucinda (Uichey) Davis, pioneers of 
Lancaster Township, they having settled near 
the present site of IS'ew Lancaster in 1837. 
'Slv. and Mrs. Scotton have four children 
living — Emma, wife of IL 15. Xelson,a drug- 
gist of Jilutfton, Indiana; Florence, Harry 
and (4eorge Nelson. Edwin, the fourth 
child, died Septdtnber 1, 1878, in liis third 
year. P>oth Mr. and Mrs. Scotton are mem- 
bers of the liaptist church. Jlr. Scotton in 
his political views is a Democrat, and is 
prominent in the councils of his party. lie 
served as township trustee from 1882 until 
1S8G inclnsive, and in the latter year was 
elected connty commissioner for a term of 
four years. Ilis father, John Scotton, was a 
shoemaker by trade, which he followed in 
connection with farming. He died at his 
home in Kock Creek Townsliip in 1854, aged 
fifty-nine years. In 185G his widow married 
William JIcBride. Mr. McBride liad been 
previously married, and by his first wife had 
the following children — Warren, Frank, 
Samuel and John, and Mrs. Barbara Ellen 
Keadling, who is now deceased. Mr. ]\Ic- 
JJride died in 1870. His widow, the mother 
of our subject, survived until 1875, when 

'!j«~jO?«l'je^BL??aHs» ? «!?»^ « 

she (lied at the homo of a mai'rie<i daughter 
at l''urt Wayne, at the age of seventy-two 
years. She had been a member of the 
JMethodist Episcopal church for thirty-five 
years, and was a consistent Ciiristian, esteemed 
by all who knew her. 

^.\/:y|| Chester Township, was born in Ln- 

r^t^pT\ zerne County, Pennsylvania, June 
20, 1821, son of Frederick ' and Kagena 
(Shlagel) Harchman. His parents were also 
)iatives of Pennsylvania, and of German an- 
cestry. His mother's grandparents were from 
Germany, and her mother was born on the 
ocean. The parents became acquainted in 
Luzerne County, and were married in North- 
ampton County, the mother's birtlqilace. 
They first settled in Luzerne County, and 
afterward removed to Butler County when 
William F. was in his third year. The}' 
bought land in Butler County, and added to 
it from time to time until they had 140 acres 
in one tract and fifteen acres in anothei-. The 
country was then very wild, and their ex- 
periences were not always pleasant. The 
father died January 22, 1858, and in June of 
the same year AVilliam F. sold the place and 
came to Indiana, locating on IfiO acres of 
land he had previously purchased in Chester 
Township. His mother came the same sea- 
son, b\it went back to Pennsylvania again. 
Two years later she returned to Indiana and 
made her home M'ith William F. for about 
twelve years. October 22, 1875, her clothing 
caught fire and she was fatally burned, living 
only forty-one hours. Slie was taken back to 
Butler County for burial. "\Vhen our subject 
came to liis present home it was entirely 
new; not a stick had been cut. Although he 
sold one farm of eighty acres, he still has 175 

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JUOG a A 1 'H re A L .S KKTC'IIA'S. 


acres of cxL'cllent land, ut' wliicli nvtT iiiiiL'ty 
acres are cleared. It is tilr-draineil, and 
eannnt \<f exei-lli'd in W'flls Cdunty. Pciliti- 
cally -Mr. ilandnnan alliliates with tlie Ue- 
pulilican party. 

WSO}\. LKVI MOCK, a of the 
'Ifl] ^''"'' •-''' "'''l^'y' M"i-1^ i^' Sinunons, at- 
"^■4 torneys at law, is a native of the S'ate 
of Indiana, Imrn in Uandulph County April 
20, IMO. lie was reared in his native 
ty on the home farm, and received his educa- 
tion in the higlier schools of the adjoining 
counties, lie was a soldier in the war of the 
Kehellion, enlistini^ in August, ls(;2, in 
Company E, Eighty-fourth Indiana Infantry, 
receiving; an honorahle discharge the follow- 
ing .\pril. He commenecd ix-ading law un- 
der the preeeptorship of his uncle, lion. 
Enos L. Watson, at Winchester, Iiuliana, in 
1800. In July, 1S08, he located at lilntl'ton, 
Wells County, where be has since made his 
home. In ]\tarch, 1809, he engaged in the 
practice of law alone, and October 1, 1870, 
lie became associated with Joseph S. Dailey, 
this being probably the oldest law lirm in 
the State of Indiana. In 1880 Abrain Sim- 
mons was admitted as a partner, when the 
firm became known as Dailey, Mock A: Sim- 
mons. IMr. ^lock was united in inari'iage 
November lit. 1871, to Rebecca C. Patterson, 
daughter of Samuel Patterson, and to this 
union have been born three children — John, 
aged fourteen years; George, aged twelve, 
and Charles, aged ten years. In March, 
18G9, :Mr. ilock was elected mayor of Plutf- 
ton, was re-elected to the same office every 
year until 1870, serving in that capacity al- 
togetlier eight years. In 1^79 and 1880 he 
was president of the Wells County Agi'icult- 
iiral Society. In 1882 lie was elected on 

the Democratic ticket to represent the coun- 
ties of .\dams, Jay and Wells in the Indiaini 
State Legislature, and in l8Sl was re-elected 
as a Pepresentative tVi^ni Wells and Plackford 
counties, and in ISSO was again elected to 
represent Wells County. He is a member of 
the present Legislature, serving on the com- 
mittees on federal relations, organization of 
coui'ts, mileage and accounts, and dikes and 
tlrains. In all the above otHcial relations he 
has given entire .~atist'action, always serving 
to the best interests of his township or coun- 
ty. ^Ir. Mock is a man of great physical 
strength, and stands six feet six inches high. 
His father, Emsley ]\Iock, was also a man of 
(M'eat size, beino; six feet il\'0 and a half 
inches in height. He has a pleasant, unas- 
suming, afl'able manner that makes everyone 
feel at case in his jiresence. He is very fond 
of the chase, and for a n\imber of yeai'S was 
a leader of the Plulfton Hunting Club, and 
made several excursions to distant points, 
where he exhiljited marked skill as a hunts- 
nnin. In 1882 lie killed a buck, the liitle of 
which he had tanned and made into a pair of 
boots, which he has worn most of the time 
since, including his attendance at three ses- 
sions of the Legislature in 1883, 1885 and 
1887. In his religious views ]\Ir. Mock is a 

aLLIAM AVOLF, who is one of the 
^. y,,, Jt active and enterprising agriculturists 
l=s>^ ot Pock Ci'eek Township, was born 
in Stark County, Ohio, the date of his birth 
being June 17, 1832. His parents, Daniel 
and Sarah (Ileilea) AVolf, were born in the 
State of ]\raryland, of Irisli and German an- 
cestry respectively. They were married in 
Maryland, and subsequently removed to Stark 
County, among the early settlers of tluit 

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ociiinty. AVilli;iin AVolf was reared on !i fiirin 
in liis native eoiinty, remaiiiiiii,' there until 
IsTiii, wlieii lie (■.■UTie to Iniliana witli iiis 
jjarents ami settk'il in ^Farkle, lliiiitiniftun 
Cdunty. He was niai-ried July 20, 1854-, to 
]\li.-:s Mary I., llakei', a daughter of Christo- 
jilier 1 laker, and to this union were born nine 
children — Susannali (deceased), John (de- 
ceased), Sarah E., wife of Jeremiah Piatt, 
Harriet, Margai'Ct, wife of Xewton Taylor, 
"William F., Daniel ()., Chauney, 'M. and 
Jlenry A. ^Mr. Wolf i-esided in Markle 
until two years after his man-iage, where he 
was engaged in working at the cooper's trade. 
In j\[arch, 1859, he removed with his family 
to the liaker homestead on section 10, liock 
(.'i-et'k Township, which he now owns and 
occupies, engaged in general farming and 
stock-raising. ^\v. and ^Irs. Wolf are mem- 
bers of the Lutheran •clnirch. J'olitically he 
alliliates with the JJemocratic party. 

was born- in Uinon Township, this 
'-.y county, in 1851, son of John I. and 
]\Iargaret (Karris) Wilson, natives of "W'ash- 
ingtou County, Pennsylvania. The parents 
were married in that State, and soon after 
i-emoved to Trumbull County, Ohio, where 
their children, James, Thomas W., (feorge, 
iM;irtha J., Albert and jNIargaret, wei-e born. 
They owned a small farm in the country. 
September 25, 1849, they came West, and 
^[r. Wilson jnirchased 200 acres of land in 
Union Townshij), this county. This pur- 
chase and the removal of his family to the 
new country consumed the most of his 
money, and although he owned plenty of 
land, it was in a primitive state, and he had 
no produce to sell even if there had been a 
market for it. The immense forest of trees 

covered the ground, and it took years of toil 
to make it ]iro(luctive. The lirst log cabin 
stnu.l where the old orehanl, planted by John 
Wilf-on, still remains, and where their last 
two children, Donaldson and ilary A., were 
born. Mr. and i\Irs. Wilson M'ere for many 
years mcndjcrs of the iirst Presbyterian 
church organized in that part of the county, 
and when they left it it was only to join that 
church at ^lurray, as it was more convenient. 
He was not a politician in, but was 
always happier when employed on his farm 
and at home with his family. Their children 
were well educated, and George was engaged 
in teaching many years, having attended the 
academy at ^Murray. Thomas, now a lawyer, 
at Fort Wayne, graduated at that city, and ' 
afterward taught school until he began the ' 
study of law. Albert also taught school in 
Jefferson Township. Mr. Wilson died .March 
15, 1874, and Mrs. Wilson nineteen days 
afterward. They died as they had lived, de- 
vout Christians, who had lived exeinplai'y 
lives and reared a family who do them honor. 
Thomas married Elizabeth E. Davis; George 
married Sarah Ilarter; Z^Iartha married Kob- 
inson Hatfield; Albert inarried Mary J. 
Fleming; ^Tary is the wife of William J. 
Wasson, and Donaldson maiTJed Drusilla E., 
daughter of Aaron and Sarah P. Fleming, of 
Lancaster Township, the ceremony being per- 
formed June 11, 1873. Mr. and Mrs. Don- 
aldson AVilson first lived on the home farm, 
and two years later ilr. AVilson purchased 
his present farm. To them have been born 
three children — Margaret P., on the old 
homestead, and William A. and Kittie J. on 
their present farm. Their eldest child, Mar- 
garet, is deceased, !^[r. Wilson is one of the 
few early settlers of the county who escaped 
most of the hardships of pioneer life. The 
rough work was mostly completed before he 
was old cnouirh to "ive material assistance. 

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IFis hrotlicr George was tlio only son eiiniio;t'<l 
in the service during,' t1ie w;u\ lie N\as ii 
meinlier of Conipniiv A, 'J'liii'ty-toiirtli Imli- 
aiia Infantry, and lie ilied soon after his ilis- 
cliiii'ge, of disease contraet<'d wliile in tlie 

,3^E0ItGE F. DICKASOX, farmer, Nott- 
TOifF' '"e''^"^ Townsiiip, was horn in (Marke 
^i County, Oliio, April 11, 1881, son of 
John W. and Nancy (Staidey) Dickason. lie 
lived in his native county until he was 
seventeen years of a^^e, following fanning 
princi]ially. In 1S4S the family removed to 
JS'ottinghani Townslii]), this county, where 
the father jiurchased a fai-m not far from 
where lie now resides. I'he niotlier died in 
this county .March 25, 1881. Georc^^e F. 
made liis home with his parents until his 
marriage, although he worked or.t hy the 
mouth on the farm. In 185G he had accumu- 
lated enough to buy eighty acres of land 
wiiere he now resides. This land was at that 
time covered with a heavy growtli of timber, 
and an ax liad never marred one of the trees. 
The roads tliat now pass by his house on the 
north and east had been blazed when the 
township was surveyed, but nothing had been 
done toward making r<iads for travel. His 
first work was to clear out some of the brush 
on the line of the road, to pay his road tax. 
;Mr. Dickason has cleared fully sixty acres of 
his land almost entirely with his own hands. 
March 26, 18.j7, he was married to iliss 
Caroline Iloudyshell, a native of Clarke 
County, and a daughter of George and Susan 
(Geutis) Iloudyshell, also natives of Ohio, 
the former of Hocking County, and the latter 
of Clarke Count}'. They removed to Indiana 
in lS;-iS, landing a mile and three-quarters 
southwest of Vera Cruz, this county, and the 

next day he hail to go two and a half miles 
for water. ^\'hill! he was absent hi.s wife 
was cooking meat, and hve widvcs, attracted 
by the odor ot' the meal, set up a howl out- 
side whicdi was ccjutinued until chased away 
by the father when he returned witli the 
water. That year ^Ir. Iloudyshell went back 
to Springfield, Ohio, to mill, taking a wagon 
for transportation. The Indians often came 
and looked in the windows at night. The 
father died in this county December Sii, 
1883, and the mother, .Inly 12, ISSI, in 
Shawnee County, wdiere they were living at 
that time. Mr. and Mrs. Dickason were the 
parents of six children, one, John Franklin, 
being deceased. Those living are — Mahala, 
Eveline, wife of Andrew Klinger, of AVar- 
rcn, Huntington ("ounty; Aggie C, wife of 
Henry Klinger; Susan Isailora, wife of Julian 
Adzett; Mary Ahline and llezekiah. Ijoth 
parents are members of the I'rote.^tant ]\Ieth- 
odist church, and in politics he is a Cii-een- 

tTTPJSTOrilEIi liAKEIl, one of the 
old and hoiuu-ed i)ioneers of Wells 
County, who is now deceased, was a 
native of Baden, German^', born in the year 
1804, a son of William and Barbara Baker. 
When he was sixteen years of age his father 
died, after which he served an apprenticeship 
at the tailor's trade. He then served two 
years in the army, when he \\as discharged 
on furnishing a substitute. He was united 
in marriage in 1827, to Miss Elizabeth, a 
dauifhter of Philip M. Zimmerman, of Baden, 
Germany. They remained in their native 
country until 1835, when they set sail for 
America, and after a voyage of eight weeks 
landed at Baltimore, Maryland. He followed 
his trade at Baltimore for live years, when he 




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!ral?a •4«i^a*ail*jilSH5 


removed with liis family near the Pennsyl- 
vania State line, sixty-lonr miles iVom tlic 
city of IJaltiniore, ^vhere he fcjllowcd liis trade 
during the winter months, and in tlie snniniers 
worked as a laborer for three and a half years. 
lie then removed to Crawford County, Oliio, 
where he made his home until coming to 
Wells County, Indiana, September 21, 1851. 
lie tJien purchased 182 acres of unimproved 
land on section G, Kock Creek Township, and 
after clearing and improving thirty acres he 
traded liis land fur tlie fai-m on section U, 
Kock Creek Township, which is now owned 
and occupied by Ids son-indaw, William 
AVolf, where lie spent the remainder of his 
life. He died June 20, 1S80, his death beiiig 
a source of universal regret throughout the 
township where lie had made his home for so 
many years. Ilis wife died February 5, 
1877, at. the age of seventy-eight years. Both 
were earnest members of the Lutheran church. 
In his political views ho was a Democrat. 
Of the four cliildren born to ilr. and Sirs. 
Ijaker three are deceased — Frederick, Plnlip 
and Annie. The oidy surviving member of 
tlie fimily is Mary L., now the wife of 
William AVolf. 

;^nN. KEWTOiY BUIIAVELL, although 
|f?[)) contemplating a change of residence to 
'~^^ some point in the I'ar West, deserves 
Tioiie the less a notice in a worlc of tliis kind, 
as the traces of his work as a reformer in this 
county are too conspicuous to be ignored. 
lie was born in Fairlield County, Ohio, Au- 
gust 1, 183G, son of James and Sarah (Nor- 
man) Burwell. His fat]ier,-\vho was a cooper 
bj' trade, moved with the family- to this 
county in 1847, arriving at Bluffton Februai-y 
7. Here he followed his trade, and for a time 
was in the employ of the firm of Studabaker 

it Co. in tlie warehouse business. Young 
iS'ewton attended the Bluffton schools; then, 
in 185(5 "57, attiMidcil the State University at 
l!looiiiington, where, in March, 1858, he 
graduated in the law department. .Returning 
home, he commenced, during the following 
month, the practice of law alone. About ten 
or eleven years afterward he admitted James 
S. Wisner as jiartner, but after two j-ears 
this relation was dissolved, and Mr. Burwell 
conducted his business alone fur a time. 
From 1872 to 1874 he had Mr. A. N. Martin 
as a partner. About this time the great tidal 
wave, known as the " temperance crusade," 
began to roll in every direction, until it 
struck Bluffton, bearing Mr. Burwell upon 
its crest. A temperance meeting was ap- 
pointed at tlie jNIethodist church, which ilr. 
liurwell was persuaded to attend. Being 
known as a public speaker, and the occa- 
sion being such as to touch delicately' upon 
personal habits and public relations, lie trem- 
bled lest he be called upon to speak, and 
his wife also tremliled for him. Sure enough 
he was called upon, and he took the pulpit, 
and he surprised the audience, as well as 
himself, by the inspiration with which he 
favored the temperance reform. Heart and 
soul he entereil the movement, carrying out 
his convictions in an honest and earnest en- 
deavor to secure temperance legislation, and 
"temperance execution" of the laws. Hence, 
of course, he had some political opposition. 
In April, 1870, ^Ir. ISurwell moved to Fort 
Wayne, where for nearly two years he was 
engaged in the practice of his profession. 
He was then induced to enter the itineracy 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, wdiere he 
served tliree years, from April, 1878, to April, 
1881, on Iluntertowii circuit, Kendallville 
station and Ossian circuit, this county, in 
the North Indiana Conference. Beturning 
to Bluffton he re-engaged, in 1883, in the 

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a"J*i»l«i."^'i r«Jiiir»tiiTi?» sn»;s^ariji , M gMM » 

B loan A Pino A l sketchkh. 

])iMCf,icc of law, wliicli lie has siiicc^ (•oiitiimcil. 
Ill his piihlic relations he has serN'ed ihe pco- 
plc of his county faithfully. In 185S, in his 
youngest days as a practitioner of law, he 
was elected prosecuting attorney of the com- 
mon Pleas Court for the counties of Hunting- 
ton and Wells, but i-esigned before the close 
of his first term; served one term as ma^'or 
of Bluff'ton; was trustee of the corporation 
of Illulfton, and membei' of tlie schuul board; 
was elected a member of the I.eoislature in 
1804:, as a Democrat, when his party was in 
a hojieless minority, representing the coun- 
ties of AVells and Dlackford. Afterward, 
while he was again a member of tlic school 
board, he was active in forwarding the erec- 
tion of the pi-esent school building, and in- 
troduced the graded system, lie also took 
an active interest in the building of the Fort 
AVayue, Cincinnati A: Louisville llailroad, 
when the ])eo[ile of this county took )?100,000 
stock in the enterprise, by sustaining the 
commissionei's in making the appropriation. 
January 31, 18C1, is the date of JMr. I'nr- 
well's marriage to Miss Josephine, daugliter 
of Adnah and Abigail (IJhttchley) Hall. (A 
sketch of her father is given elsewhere in 
this woi'k.) The children of IMr. and Mrs. 
llurwell are — Anna, M'ho died at the age of 
six or seven months; IlCiki, born January 
25, INGI, now teaching school in AVichita, 
Ivansas; Alfred Conwell, born February 11, 
18GG, now attorney at law in AViehita, Kan- 
sas, (was admitted to the bar betbi-e he was 
twenty-one yeai's of age); James Enrtoii, 
born October 14, 18C8, now a teacher at 
llapid City, among the IJlack Hills of 
Dakota; Louise, born December 23, 1872; 
Walter, who died when about ten months 
old; Noi-man Blatcldey, born in Fort Wayne 
August 31, 1870, (their " C'entennial boy"); 
ISessie, born also in Fort AVayne, in July, 
1878, and Mary, born in Blnti'ton in Septem- 

ber, ISSI. Mrs. r.urwell has also been a 
jii-iiiniiu'iit Worker in tlii' teiriperance cause, 
anil is an exemjilary member of society. 

rr-^T ALTEIl T. I'EIIUY, farmer, Chester 
V'|>/\V/| Township, was born in AVashington 

l'=5jft^] County, Ohio, December 17, 1845, 
son of Thomas and ^Matilda Pei'ry. When 
he was in liis fifth yeai- his parents removed 
to lllackford County, this State, and one year 
later, came to AVells County, where the father 
purchased land in Chester Township. AValter 
has always made his home in this county 
ever since his arrival here. lie has owned 
his present farm of eighty acres since 187*J, 
but resided on it some time previous to his 
purchase, lie was married l\rarch 10, 1808, 
to J\liss Anna F. Ilrannum, a native of Fayette 
County, and daughter of Samuel and Nancy 
(IJall) Prannuni, the former a native of Ken- 
tucky, and the latter of A\'^indsor County, 
Vermont. They were married iu Missouri, 
and removed to AV'^ells County in 1852. Mr. 
and !Mrs. Perry are the parents of five children 
—Arthur AY., PusseyT.,Lillie A^.,RosaA. and 
Xellie E. AVhen a few days over eighteen 
years of age, 31r. Perry enlisted in Company 
I, One Hundred and Thirtieth Indiana lu- 
fantry, and joined his regiment at Kokomo. 
From there he went to Louis\'ille, thence to 
Nashville, where they were assigned to the 
Twenty-third Ai'iny Corps, under Major- 
(Jeneral Scliofield. His first engagement 
was at Puzzaril's lloost; after that lie partici- 
pated in the battles of Ilesaca, Piimjikin Vine 
Creek-, Lost Mountain, Kenesaw ]\rountaiii, 
Decatur, siege and capture of Atlanta, I'ine 
Jlountain, battle of Nashville, December 
15 and 10, 1804, and Kinston, Xorth Caro- 
lina. He also participated in the heavy 
battle at Franklin, Tennessee, in which battle 


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lllSTOltY Oh' WKl.l.S VOVNTY 

liis reyiineiit was not ciiiciii^^ccl. Iln accotn- 
])iUiieil Sliciniaii in liis iiiarrli llinino;li llio 
Cari'liiias, IicItil;' in Wasliiiin'ton aliont Iwi) 
wcrks licfdi-c jciinihi; \\\v. ai'niy in Xorlli 
C^arolina. lie was (liM'liai'i;-c'il at Charlotte, 
Ntirtli Carolina, Decemlier 'J, iSliu, and I'c- 
tnrnetl Ijj rail to Indianapolis, thence liome. 
,Mi-s. I'eri'y's younijest hnUlier, Joseph Bran- 
luun, born in 1841, enlisted in 1801, a meni- 
licr ot' the Forty-seventh Indiana Zonaves. 
lie was severely wonnded at the battle 
of ("hainjiiiMi Hills, below Vicksbni'g, was 
tidceu ]iribiiiier by the rebels ami parole<l, was 
bronght away niider a lla^;- of trnee, was sent 
to hospital at Memphis, Tennessee, and died 
Jnne 21, 18();3, ag-ed twenty-one years and 
live months. 

. active and iiitlnential citizen of ^\'^ell3 

'^h;>-~ ("onnty, a member of the bankini; 
firm of John S^iidabaker & Co., and an ex- 
tensive farmer, is a native of the State of Ohio, 
born in Darke C-ounty, February 20, 1833. 
His parents, Abraham and Elizabeth (Hard- 
man) Stndabaker, were among the first settlers 
of I)arke ( 'onnty. ilajor Studaljakcr was 
I'eared and educated in his native county at 
the common schools nntil attaining the age 
of fourteen years, when he came to Bluffton 
and entered the store of his brother, John 
Stndabaker (to whom he is intlcbted for his 
early business educati(nr), as cleric, and con- 
tinued so until ISol, when, at only eighteen 
years of acre, he was taken into partnership 
with his brother in the dry goods business. 
He was united in marriage, October 28, 1852, 
to Sarah Morgan, daughter of John Morgan, 
an extensive miller fiom l.ancaster, Ohio. 
They ha\e fi\e living children, three sons 
and t\vo<langhti'rs. (Jeoro-eAV., the eldest, was 


nniri-icd to Oli\-e Kemp in 1870, and lives 
on a l;ii-ni near KlulVton, and is employed as 
paying tidier in the l']\idi:inge Hank, dames 
M. was mari'icd to iMiima ]']i-\-in in ISSl, and 
I'csides in liliitl'ton and is a dealei- in jewelry. 
Anna ]']. was maried to Jtdm II. Thornburg, 
a druggist of Farndand, Indiana, in 1882, 
and resides there. Alice was married in 1887, 
to Charles E. Lacev, a young attorney and 
member of the firm of "Wilson, Todd it Lacey, 
and I'csides in lllutl'toii. Hugh I)., the 
youngest, is at home, and looks after the farm 
and stock. Havid, a bright boy of eleven 
years, was accidentally ili-owned in the Wa- 
i)ash Biver June 10, LSOK. In 1857 Mr. 
Stndabaker retired from the dry goods busi- 
ness and engagetl in farming and stock-raising 
ami bn3-ing and shipping to Eastern markets. 
In 1858, then but twenty-five years of age, 
he was elected treasurer of AVells County, and 
in 1800 was re-elected to the same othce. 
AV^hen the Ilebellion of 1801 broke out he 
took an active part in raising volunteers for 
the Union army. In 1802 he eidisted as 
private, while yet county treasurer, and Au- 
gust 15, 1802, was commissioned Cajitain 
of Company I>, ()nc Ihuidreil and Fii'st 
liegiment Indiana \'<dunteer Iiifauti'y, and 
was immediately sent to the front with the 
regiment, and on J\ine 1, 18(j3, was commis- 
sioned j\Iajor of his regiment. The regiment 
saw much active service and was in most of 
the battles under General Thomas in the 
l"\)ui-teenth Army Corps, and in the battle of 
Chickamanga was the last to leave the battle- 
field. He was with Sherman in the Atlanta 
campaign and marched with him to the sea 
at Savannah, thence through theCarolinas to 
Goldsborough, thence to Raleigh, North Caro- 
lina, and after the surrender of Johnston's iwmy 
marched to AVashington, !>.('., via RitdiuKjnd, 
West Virginia, and was in the grand reunion 
at Washingt(Ui in May, 1805. Fi'om thence 

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lie travclL'd to Ldiiisvillc, Kentiiclcy, liy rail 
iLiul steamboat, and was tlicre nnistereil out 
with liis men June 21, 1S(;5. I'^roni tlieneo 
lie went to Indianapolis, Indiana, where the 
regiment was paid oil", and he retnrned liome 
July 4, 18C5. He was wounded in the left 
foot at the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, but 
while in the service never lost a day from 
sickness or any other cause. No company 
of soldiei's ever had an oliicer who was more 
devoted to their welfare and comfort than the 
company that ilajor Studabakcr led to the 
Held from AVells County, as is well attested 
by the surviving members of his regiment. 
After his return he resumed farming and 
stock raising and in ISGfi accepted the ])0- 
sition of cashier in the First National I'ank, 
and in ISG'J he became a member of the Ex- 
change I'ank of John Stiidabaker it: Co., 
which as a private bank is meeting with ex- 
cellent s\iccess. In \>^1^ ]\Iajor Studabaker 
was elected commissioner of AVells County, 
was re-elected to the same office in 1876 and 
1S80, and while coininksionerluid the super- 
intending of the building of the county in- 
firmary and jail, two splendid buildings of 
which the people of the county are justly 
]>roud, and also took an active part in build- 
ing both our railroad? and was among the 
foremost in advocacy of our free gravel roads, 
and the peojile of the county are largely in- 
deijtccl to Major Studabaker for the success 
of that enterprise in our midst. As a busi- 
ness man and accountant he has no superior 
in the county, and his integrity, honesty and 
judgment are so well known that his advice 
is sought after more frequently, perhaps, in 
both public and private aflairs than that of 
any other man in lUutt'ton. (Considered 
either as a man, a county official, neighbor, 
soldier, patriot or frieml, ^lajor Stndabakei- 
is ])o|)nlar and honrn-able. In politics he is 
a Iteiiiocrat and cast his lirst vote as such. 

lie is a member of the Haptist church and 
also of the JIasonic lodge of I'lutfton, Indiana. 
IJoth he and his wife are highly esteemed, 
and are well and favoi'ably known for their 
generosit}' and acts of kindness. Their home 
is open to their many friends. 

^4y/;m born at Sidney, the county seat of 
l^^y:^ Shelby County, r)liio, P'ebruary 24, 
1855. Parents were from County Kerry, 
Ireland, lie received a limited education in 
the puldic schools of that place, but conld 
have had better were it not for a roving 
disposition that led him to run away from 
home at the age of twelve and go AVest. lie 
followed railroading in almost every line 
until he reached the age of twenty-two. He 
first came to AVells County in ISTO, but left 
in a short time, returning at different times 
until he at last settled down in Plnfftoa in 
187C. August 28, 1878, he married Ida 
Ann Ridgley, the only daughter of Westal 
Ridgley, one of AVells County's first settlers. 
This marriage is blest with one son — Thomas. 
Mr. McMahon entered political life almost 
as soon as he was old enough to vote, a warm 
Democi'at, but severed liis connection with 
that party when the Greenback party was 
organized, and became one of its most ardent 
advocates. In the start of his work for this 
party he followed ditching for a living, but 
stumped the coimty at night, proclaiming its 
principles. ^Vt the request of the leaders of 
the party he purchased the ir^^^A' Count ij 
Times in 1879 from James Gary Smith, 
under wdiose control the paper had susjjended 
publication. The first issue from his hands 
appearetl about the middle of January; 187'J, 
since wdiich the paper has novirsuspemled jnili- 
lication up to this date. May 2, 1S7!», he 

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lioiiu'lit out the J>iii/;/ Times, tlic tirat daily 
]iu]icr ever ])iiMii-li('il in W'l-lls (Aiuiity. lie 
owned and ]inlilisli(Ml lioth tlie pajiers suc- 
cessfully until Ani;nst, 18S(), when John 
ytiulidKd<er, who held a nitirtgagc on the 
paper, and a leading Greeidjacker at the time, 
disai^reed with hiui on the land question, in 
consequence of which Mr. Studahaker forced 
him out of the paper. Mr. AtcMahon started 
at once the Daily and Wedlij Herald, which 
he uiuvcd to Fort AViiyne. Associated with 
George 1!. Fleniinfr and AVilliaiu 1!. AValtci's, 
he started the J'eojih'.s Aiu\,catd, which 
colhqised after a short perioil on account of 
the incompetency of his partners. In the 
eventful cani])aiL;ii of ISSO for Wells County, 
in which tlie ])eople's movement made such 
a hard tight fur success, Jlr. Mc^Iahon took 
a prominent ]jart, and started the Daihj and 
Pediile's Adcocate, and is now engaged in 
that business. Politically he still i-emains in 
the labor movement. lie was tlie first char- 
ter member of IMutfton Local Assendily of 
Kniglits of Labor G,'2S2. Ileligiously he 
was i-aised a Catholic, but at present is a 

/f^AiNrES ALEXANDER, an active and 
'jvj ; enterprising agriculturist of Jackson 
^^ Township, residing on section 27, was 
born in Logan County, Ohio, August 22, 
1S27, a son of Robert and ^fary (Wilkinson) 
Alexander. The fatlier was a native of 
Pennsylvania, born in Mifflin County Febru- 
ary 19, 1793, of Irish jiarcntage. lie was 
I'eared on a farm in his native State, and 
when a young man went to Champaign 
County, Ohio, wliere he was married Febru- 
ary 2G, 1S22, to .Miss :\[ary Wilkinson, a 
native of A'irginia, born October 11, 1793, 
who cnmc with her parents to Ohio when 

il)out sixteen years of age. After living a 
few years in Champaign County, they re- 
moved to Logan County, and in ALiy, 1837, 
the father came witli his family tti J'^lkliart 
County, Indiana, making the journey by 
team. That county was then quite new, but 
settlers were beginning to locate there. They 
remained in Elkhart County until February, 
1838, coming thence to AVells County, wliere 
the father had entered 120 acres of wild land 
in Jackson Townshij) the previous fall, ^'ot 
a tree had been cut on the place when they 
came here, and while the father was building 
his cabin the family lived in a log cal)iu 
about three (puirters of a mile away which 
\vas already occu[iied by two other families. 
Edward Alexander and family, a brothei' of 
llobert, came with tiie family and lived with 
them in their log cabin for a time. Tlie 
cabin had but one opening for a door, and 
this was made high from tlie ground so that 
their liogs could be kept out. When their 
cabin was put up there were eight or ten 
inches of snow on the ground, and when they 
built a fire the snow melted, and it was only 
by covering the lloor with clapboards left 
from the I'oof that they could keep out of tlie 
mud. Deer and other wild animals were 
numerous, and these furnished the family 
with meat when brought down by the trusty 
rifle of the old pioneer. The mother of our 
subject died October 31, 18G8, and the father 
April 4, 1872. Tiiey were well known 
throughout the community and highly re- 
spected citizens. In ])olitics he was formerly 
anold-line Whig, and laterallepublican. For 
a number of y^^i^i'S in the early history of the 
county he served as one of the trustees of 
Jackson Township. James Alexander, whose 
name heads this sketch, was in his eleventh 
year when he Ciime with his father's family 
to Wells County, and he're he was reared 
amid the scenes attending the clearing uji of 

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ii new couiitiT, iuul his youth \v;io spent in 
assisting liis father clear tlieir heavily tini- 
hered I'anu. lie rememlifrs that diirini^; the 
iirst ycAY of thi-'ir settlement their horses ran 
away, and the eroj) had to he tended with 
oxen intched np and l.iroken into the work. 
Octoher li, 1S52, lie was married to J\liss 
Mary ]Me]vec, wjio was Ixirii in Fairfield 
(,'oiinty, ()hi(.i, May ii, 1833, a daughter of 
I'eter and llhoda (^Peters) ^Lelvee, natives of 
Ohio and Virginia respectively. The parents 
of Mrs. Alexander came to Indiana and 
located in Blackford County in 1813, ami 
there the father died about 1871. The tuoth- 
er is still a resident of Washington Township, 
]!lackford County. Four children have been 
Ijorn to ^Mr. and ^[rs. Alexander, of whom 
three are yet living — William Edward, 
engaged in teaching in Somerset, Wabash 
County; Julia and Jennie. Robert Peter is 
deceased. In politics Mr. Alexander is a 
Kepiiblican, and has held local offices. Both 
he and his wife are members of the Methodist 
Protestant church, and he is one of the 
advisory committee of Salamonio circuit. 
Fof nearly half a century, he lias lived in 
Jackson Township and has witnessed the 
many wonderful changes that have taken 
])lace, transforming the wilderness into well 
cultivated farms and prosperous villages. 
The first sermon preached in Jackson Town- 
ship was at his father's house, by liev. George 
W. I'owers of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
on Christmas eve, 1S38, and the first relig- 
ious organization was foi'med at his father's 
cabin with eleven meinbers. Ills father was 
a local preacher in the ^[ethodist Episcoj)al 
church, and was licensed to preach in 18-10, 
and held meetings all over the county. Mr. 
Alexander is one of the prosperous farmers 
of Jackson Township. His farm contains 
2-10 acres, 00 of which are under a good state 
of cultivation, liis house is one of the many- 

fine ones in the neighborhood, surrounded 
with shade anil tirnamental trees. He is 
engaged in general farming. ]\[r. Alexander 
enlisted in tlu' war fur the Union, October 
1-1, 180-t, and was discharged July 0, 1805. 
lie was assigned to Company II, Fifty-third 
Indiana Infantry. He was sent to his regi- 
ment in Georgia, and at Dalton was sick with 
measles, and on his recovery was placed on 
extra duty as nurse in the hospital at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, remaining there until his 
final discharge at Louisville, after which he 
returned to his home in Jackson Township, 
whei'c he has since lived. 

OSEPII GOKKELL is the oldest man 
now living in AVells County, and one of 
^ the oldest settlers. lie was born in 
Leaver County, Pennsylvania, August 3, 
1802, son of James and Sarah (Mullholland) 
Gorrell. The paternal ancestors were natives 
of Ireland, and the maternal, of Wales. The 
]3arents were married in Washington County, 
Pennsylvania, about 1790, and reared a fam- 
ily of sixteen children. Two others died in 
infancy. Upon their farm in Pennsylvania, 
the parents lived and died. Our subject was 
educated in the subscription schools of his 
native county, and his fatiier, who was a faiidy 
educated man, taught free night schools in 
the neighborhood, which Joseph attended. 
Tiirongh the instruction given by his father, 
' and the resident nlinister, he secured a good 
education, which, added to his good judgment, 
has made him a man of note in his township 
and county for almost half a century. He 
began teaching when seventeen years of age, 
his terms being taught in the winter, while 
he worked at the carpenter's trade during the 
summer. He also taught vocal music until 
alter his marriage with Miss Esther Glass, 


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tliat (;L'i-i'iuuiiy Iieiiig [icrtVirincd 8ej)teinl)ur 
lij, Is^i."). llcr iKU'i'iit;^, .Iiiliu ;iii(l Ann 
(tlulinscin) (ilass, were nati\i's of Meaver 
Ciinnty, 1 'oiinsyh-aiiia, wliere they remained 
duvin:;- life. Air. (iui-rell settled in Trunibnll 
Ciuinty, < thill, in 1S8"J, making a home in the 
wild woods, and ere he eame to Indiana, had 
a niee farm eleareil. Tlieir ehildren — AVill- 
iani (now del■ea^ed ), .r(isi.>jih, Matihla, Sarali 
an<l Afary (twins, and iio^v deeeased), Andrew 
and Cyrus, were horn npon that farm. James, 
Jiihn G. and ATilo J. were horn prior to 
their removal tot.>hio, Felirnary, 18i52. ]\Ir. 
(Torrell, with his family, settled on seetion 21, 
Jellerson Township, Septendjcr, 1845, lie 
having made a ])urchase of tlie entire section 
and half of section 28. Not a tree had heen 
felled u])oii the entire tract. "With the aid of 
the three eldest sons a luee caliin was soon 
hnilt, and in a short, time the family were 
settled in their new home, and the work ot 
elearinn; a new farm was commenced. Tlieir 
goiids were transpi.irted with teams, one of 
which was the third s[ian of horses in the 
township. (_).\en were in almost universal 
Use in an eai'ly d:T\'. They were preferred to 
horses on account of tlieir living being mostly 
secured by browsing, (^uite an Indian village 
was located in the southwest corner of Allen 
C(jnnty, and the Indians hunted during the 
winter season. They were very friendly to 
the new-comers and freely shared their \'eni- 
son with all who desired. White Loon, the 
chief, was (piite an intimate friend of Mr. 
Gorrell, ami remained npon his reservation in 
iMleii County until his death. Although 
AVliite Loon was a great frien<l t(j the whites, 
yet it was currently reported that he had 
stored away the dried tongues of ninety-nine 
white men. This was not improbalile, as all 
the Indians in this county were under the 
control of the noted Indian chief, Tecumsoh, 
and nearly all of them were engaged in the 

great battle of Tippecanoe, near Lafayette, 
Indiana, during the Indian war of 1812 -'13. 
In iS-tT ague became prevalent, and there 
were not well pco])lc enough in the neighbor- 
hood to care for the sick. The winter brought 
I'elief, and year by year prosperity becaino 
more general. The impetus given to clearing 
land by the coming of Air. Gorrell and his 
brothers-in-law, James and John Glass, was 
marked, there having been a few of the early 
settlers who continued to live upon the prod- 
ucts of their rilles and their traps, (iame 
of various kinds furnished not only the meat, 
but the pelts brought cash enough to ]iay 
taxes and secure a few other necessary articles. 
Wildcat money was plentiful enough, but it 
would not pass in other States, consequently, 
men were not anxious to cibtain it. In 18-17 
Air. Gorrell was elected justice of the peace, 
his commission bearing the name of Presi- 
dent Yan Luren. Instead of trying to make 
official fees, most of his time was spent in 
trying to arbitrate the cases brought liefore 
him. During the twenty-nine years in which 
he served the people, at least three-fourths of 
the cases that came before hi in were success- 
fully arliitrated, and many personal friend- 
ships were thus brought about. Only two 
appeals were ever made from his decisions in 
all those years, and both decisions were sus- 
tained in the higher courts. lie has admin- 
istered twenty-seven estates in this county, 
some of them far up into the thousands of 
dollars, all of which was done without the loss 
of a dollar. James and Andrew Gorrell en- 
tered the service soon after the breaking out 
of the war. They enlisted in Company A, 
Thirty-fourth Indiana Infantry, of which 
James was First Lieutenant. Joseph, then a 
graduate of medicine from the Buffalo Aledi- 
cal College, enlisted as Surgeon of another 
regiment which was formed in De Kalb 
County where he resided. Cyrus enlisted in 

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Company (', Sc\eiitv-iil'tli Kui^-iinent, in 1802. 
llo SL'r\'etl (Jtiriiiy tliu wav uikI the si:j;ht 
of Ill's n'i^flit L-3e. Jniiies resigned ami re- 
tiiniutl lioiiie the bccimd year of his eniist- 
iiieiit, the othei' son remained until tli(! <; 
of the war. All sei'\'ed in the most important 
battles of the war. All of .Mr. Gorrell's 
children are liapjiily married and all have 
families. Ilis e^timalde wife, after a long 
and well-spent life, was laid to rest in 
( )ssian cemcter}-, ^Vjjril 25, lb7'J. Her i-u- 
mains have sinee heen placed in the new 
cemetery at Ussiaii. ^Ir. CJori'ell resides in 
the villai^e and has a coinjjetency for his de- 
clining years. Xo man Jias ever lived in Jef- 
ferson Township who has done more to 
cultivate and prmnote liarmony and eiitei'- 
prise than our suliject. For si.\ty-two 3'ears 
lie has heen a member of the Presbyterian 
clmreli, and since lS3)i has been an ordained 
elder. Continuously, since 1810, he has 
6er\ed this ehureh in that ca])acity, and his 
life has been such as proclaims the Christian 
as well as the ''entleman. 

';^ A. Sl'AULDlNG, M. \)., was born in 
%% 1817 in J51ackford County, Indiana. 
^v?^'* lie was reared a farmer boy. At the 
age of nineteen he entered the high school at 
Liber College, Indiana, and remained two 
years; afterward attended college at Jlidge- 
viUc, Indiana, two years. The next three 
years wei'c spent as traveling salesman in the 
AVestern States. In 1873 lie began the study 
of medicine at jMontjielier, Indiana, nntler 
I)r. William Kansom. After attending one 
jjart and one full course of lectures at the 
Ohio ]\Iedical College of (!iiicimiati, he 
located at IJarber's Mills, Indiana. He was 
married in the summer of lt>77 to Wiss iS'au- 
nie J. iShelton, of Hartford City, Indiana, 

and in the fall of the same year returned to 
the ()lii(.i .Meilical, and graduated in the 
sjiring of 1>'7.S. He then continued his 
practice at liarber's Mills until the fall of 
1882, at whicii time he located in rdull'ton, 
Indiana, and has continued iu u successful 
practice to the jjresent. 


A'ottingham Township, was born in 
Champaign County, Ohio, February 2, 
1811, son of Alonzo and Eliza (Stanley) 
Lockwood. His father was born in the State 
of Maine, and followed boating during his 
residence in that State and previous to his 
removal to Ohio. In 1848 the family re- 
moved to Indiana, locating iu iS^ottingham 
Township, Wells County, where they still 
reside. Here John Stanley, or Stanley, as he 
is usually called, was reared to manhood, and 
has always made his home in Nottingham 
Township since coming to the county. In 
1805 his father gave him forty acres of land, 
whicli he afterward sold, and bought eighty 
acres wdiere he now lives, to which he has 
since added forty acres more. The land was 
covered by a heavy growth of timber when 
he purchased it; he now lias about eighty- 
five acres cleared. May 1, 1805, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Margaret E. Gibson, born in 
Noble County, this State, and a daughter of 
George W. and ]\[ary (Michaels) Gibson. 
Her jiarents died in Noble County when she 
was a child, and she was reared by her uncle 
in Champaign County, Ohio. ^h-. and ilrs. 
Lockwood have had six children, four of 
whom are living — John "Wilbur, Eva.Ianetta, 
William Ulysses antl i'earl Edwin; the de- 
ceased are Hettie Mevilla and Uosetta. \\\ 
1801 Mr. Lockwood volunteered his services 
in behalf of the Union, and on the 1st day of 


]\rarcli liecjiiiie :i ineinher uf Coiiipaiiy A, 
I'lMty-sevoiitli lixliaiia Infaiiti-y. He juiiied 
]ii.s ivgiinciit in tliis county, its iiicniliers 
bL-in<r lionio on a vt-teran fiirloiifli, and went 
M'ith it directly to the front, and ten days 
al'ter leaving Indianajiolis they met the rebels 
at ,\lcxaiidria, Louisiana. lie remained with 
his legiment in Arkansas, Tennessee and 
Louisiana until after the battles of Forts 
Sjianish and IJlakely, and the cajjture of 
ilobilc, which was the last engagement of 
the civil war. lie was mustered out at iJaton 
Koui^e. discharged there October 23, 1805, 
and rctiii'iicd home via Cairo and Indianapo- 
lis, lie lost his health in the service, and 
has never entirely recovered. Politically lie 
is a Reiiulilican. 

.T:^ EYl OSBOrwX, of Ossian, was born in 
;,'.,-■? Caiiiield, Trumbull County, Ohio. Au- 
rTT- gust 12, 1827, son of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth M. (Ilarrk) Osborn. James Harris, 
father of Elizabeth M., was probably born in 
the town of ^Milford, MitHin County, Penn- 
eylvania, of Irish ancestr}'. llis wife was 
Alice Woodard, and they reared a large fam- 
ily of children, some of whom are living — 
Elizabeth M., Mary, John, Thomas (deceased), 
Margaret, James, Ann and David (deceased), 
Hannah, Joseph, liobert and Itachel. Mar- 
garet, Ann, James and Hannah came to In- 
diana and settled in AVells County; John 
settled in Adams County, the latter and 
^Margaret are now deceased. John Osborn, 
grandfather of our subject, was a son of 
Nicholas Osborn, who came to America frotn 
England prior to the Ilevolutionary war. lie 
was accompanied by two brothers, and all 
were soldiers in that war; but no trace of 
the two brothers has ever been found since 
the close of the war. Mrs. John Osborn was 

•A German la<ly; they hail ten children — Con- 
rad, Nicholas.. lacob, John, AVil Ham, Jonathan, 
-\mos. Andrew, Mai-gai-et and Elizabeth. 
Jacob Osborn was a soldier in the war of 
1812. He was twice married. His first wife 
was Annie Pabbitt, and their children were 
— Elias, Harmon, Mary A. (deceased) and 
Aaron. After the death of his wife, Jacob 
married Elizabeth Harris, and their children 
were — Levi, James, Margai-et and Elizabeth 
(twins), Eliza J., Anna and William; all are 
living and married except Anna, who married 
William Gorman, and Elizabeth, who died in 
infancy. The death of Jacob Osborn occurred 
when our suliject was twelve years of age, 
and when he was twenty-one years old he 
came to Wells County and pre-empted the 
northwest quarter of section 24, Union Town- 
ship. He built a pole shanty on the land the 
day before it was entered, ate and slept in it. 
This was the western boundary of settlement 
at that date. He cut and burned the first 
pile of brush to cook his supper, and may be 
said to have made the first clearing in his 
immediate neighborhood. During the first 
eight montlis of his stay in the county Mr. 
Osborn worked by the month for William \K . 
Cotton, who brought his family to this coun- 
ty at the same time our subject came. Levi 
returned to his old home in April, ISlt), and 
remained until September of the following 
year, then returned to his home in the new 
country, bringing his wife, Catherine Ash- 
burn, whom he married June 13, 1850. She 
was the daughter of Josejjh and Elizabeth 
(Ilart) -\shburn. Her father's people were 
German, and her mother's were Irish. They 
removed to this county in April, 1881, to 
make their home Avith their children. Mr. 
Ashburn died at tlie home of Mr. Osborn 
October 12, 1880, aged eighty-si.\ years. His 
wife is still living with Mr. Osborn's family, 
and has reached the mature age of eighty 

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ye;irs. Tlieir cliiklrcii were — (':itliorii\e,AVill- 
iiiiii, A[ai-y, Jesse, JVel.soii ami Prossor. Air. 
()sl)orn ercfteil a Idgcaliin on tlie sjiut wliere 
liis fine t'ariii liouse now stamlis, ami tlicy oc- 
cupied it < )ctober 28, 1.S50. Under its root' 
ail their children were horn except the 
youngest — Joseph N. married Allnmi Long- 
shore; Elizal)Cth E. married (). C. Krewson; 
Jacob AV. married ]'aulina Sowle; ]\[ary E. 
became the wife of Orland J. Ivrewsoii, and 
after liis death married his lirother Thomas; 
Elias E., William AV., Etta M. and Anna M. 
are unmarried and reside with their parents. 
Our sul)ject made all the furniture with 
which they commenced housekeeping, lllank- 
ets served for doors, and not a sawed board 
was used in the construction of the house, 
except the lid of a clicot which was used in 
making a window. The bedsteads were made 
of poles, the seats of puncheon slabs, the 
table of cla])boards and the lioor of the same 
matei-ial. Mr. Osborn worked for some of 
his neighbors by the da}', for which he re- 
ceive<l corn and potatoes. Although the 
woods were fidl of game, lie never hunted, 
or even killed a deer or turkey, but devoted 
all his time to the cultivation of his land. 
They became members of the first Methodist 
Episcopal church organized in the neighbor- 
hood; this church is still in existence. Mr. 
Oslforn has been an otlicer in the church for 
almost a quarter of a century. JJuring the 
progress of the war he was drafted, but after 
being in camp two weeks at Indianapolis he 
was released, the townshi]) having iilled her 
quota. In 1853 he was elected trustee of the 
township, and during his term of service the 
Centre school-house was built and several 
new roads laid out. Politically he is a lie- 
publican, and was one of the founders of that 
]iarty in this county. January 1, 1885, he 
was injured by a saw falling upon his left 
foot, which resulted in its amputation by Dr. 

StCMiien, of I''oi-t 'Wayne, at St. . Joseph's hos- 
pital. This disables him from active farm 
M'ork, but his general health is \inusually 


%\\j:.\fjj W!'s born in (Ihcster Township, Wells 
[■=3J^ County, JMarch 1, 1S58, son of A\''cs- 
ley Harvey and Eliza Ann (Grove) Maddox. 
lie was reared in this county and educated in 
the schools of Chester Township, and also at 
Ijlutl'ton. He was married August 17, 1881, 
to ]\Iiss Laura Alice Twibell, also a native of 
Chester Township, and daughter of John J. 
and Amelia (I)Oyd) Twibell. i\Ir. and Mrs. 
]\Iaddox are the parents of one child — Ilai-ry. 
]\Ir. Aladdox owns sixty-tive acres of land, all 
of which is cleared. Politically he affiliates 
with the Republican ])arty. 

TON are great-great-grandsons of 
James Fulton, who immigrated to this 
country from Ireland in the year 1765, ac- 
companied by his brothei's, viz.: Joseph, 
Robert and Abraham, and their two sisters, 
]\Iargaret Fulton (^)uin and Pollic Fulton 
Boyd, the latter being the honored mother of 
Revs. John, James, lienjaniin and ^Vbraham 
I'oyd, many descendants of whom are to-day 
enumerated in the devoted ranks of Presby- 
terianism. James, the great-grandfather, 
was the father of five sons and one daughter, 
viz.: James, Abraham, Robert, Cochran, Pen- 
janiin and Sarah ; the second son being the 
grandfather of the subject of tliis sketch. lie 
\vas married to Ann Smith, unto whom were 
born seven sons, all of whom grew to man- 
hood, were married and have families, viz.: 


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.fames, the eldest, dicil at the ailviuic-cd ao-o 
of eio-hly-fuur years, near .Mun-ay, ^\'ells 
('(jiiiity, Indiana, leaving his wife, ]\[argai'et 
iMaliun Fnltoii, a childless widow to nioiirii 
lier loss; Robert died iit the ai/c of seven ty- 
eif^ht years, in Kansas, leavinir a largo fam- 
ily; Abraham, yet livinir at the age of eighty 
years, is hale and hearty and prond to know 
that three of his sons were among the worthy 
who went to the front in the late war, one of 
whom gave his life Ibr the cause of freedom, 
and another maimed for life at the Ijattle of 
Ciiickamaiiga. JJavid and Cochran, each near 
the age of seventy years, are living, the for- 
mer in the State of Iowa; the latter is a 
prominent physician still continiiiiig the 
jiractice of medicine in Ihicyriis, Ohio. An- 
drew, the youngest son, died at the prema- 
tui'C age of thirty-three years, of typhoid 
fever, in Bucyrus, ( )hio, he being a very large 
and powerful man and \veighing 350 pounds. 
John Fulton, the father of the subject of this 
sketch, was born near Greensburg, in "West- 
moreland County, Pennsylvania, in the year 
1813. lie was married in 1S38 to Sarah 
Egbert, of Fulton, Wayne County, Ohio. 
The young couple came to Wells County, In- 
tliana, in tlie year 1840, locating in Jetl'erson 
Townshij), and immediately commenced the 
arduous task of clearing and improving a 
fai'hi in what was then a howling wilder- 
ness. At the end of fiv(! years of strug- 
gling with chills and fever, the gaunt wolf 
of poverty and various other kinds of wolves, 
coupled with the many hardships incident to 
frontier life, they returned to Stark County, 
Ohio, to spend the winter and procure the 
needful supply of provisions and clothing. 
During the period of this temporary sojourn 
in Ohio Dr. J. (J. Fulton was born, and the 
following spring they returned to their for- 
mer home in Wells County'. They soon sold 
this farm, however, and bought another near 

the village of Kagleville, but a. short distance 
from the foi-niei'. A'ftei- iiiijiroving this farm 
for several years, a part of it was sold and he 
removed his family to Ossian, huliaiui, and 
engaged in nu^rcautile trade, which ho con- 
tinued for a ])eriod of four years, at the end 
of which time he returned to his farm near 
Eagleville, where he continued to live until 
his death in 1S5S, at the age of forty-five 
years, lie died from an attack of " inilk- 
sick," at the time a very common disease, 
but at ])resenl I'are to lioth man antl lieasl. 
John Fulton, at his death, left a widow and 
eight children to mourn the loss of a kind 
and indulgent husband and father. His 
widow followed him to the land of rest, 
six years later, at the age of forty-Hve years, 
after many years of suffering of tuberculosis. 
The couple had long been faithful and con- 
sistent members of the United Presbyterian 
church, he being a ruling elder in that church 
at Murray, Indiana. The following is a list 
of their children in the order of their birth 
and their place of residence — Milton S. Wash- 
burn, W^oodford County, Illinois, engaged in 
the drug business; Martha A. Van Buskirk, 
Shenandoah, Page County, Iowa; John C. 
(subject of sketch); Mary Fl Lawrence, 
Greensburg, Kiowa County, Kansas; Eachel 
A. Park, I'due Hill, Kebraska; Clarissa A. 
JMcCay, Akron, Ohio; George Fl (subject of 
sketch); James C. died at the age of six 
years near F^agleville, Indiana, from pro- 
tracted debility following an attack of chicken- 
pox. Dr. John Cahiu Fulton was born 
F'ebruary 22, 1815, in Stark County, Ohio. 
Flis career was uneventful and common to 
that of other boys until he arrived at the 
age of si.xteen, wdien that long threatening 
cloud of Pebellion burst over the land and 
he, in October, 1801, responded to his coun- 
try's call, eidisting in Company G, Twelfth 
Indiana Volunteers, and served until the ex- 

»i;»»f^»««»irT^ a 

*» — » — «'' 


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pinitioii of tlic time of eiilistiiieiit of the 
rt'giinciit ill IVLay, lNfi"2. Ho iii^'uin eiili^teil 
in Aiigust, 1802, in C'omiiHiiy (i, ( )iiu liuu- 
dreil iuid First Indiiuiu N'olunteer IntUnfry, 
and 25'ii'ticipatod in the many hard-fought 
battles under liosecraiis. " I'ap Thomas " (as 
the soldiers freijuently called General 
Tlionias), and Uncle Hilly Sherman's "grand 
march to the sea "' found the subject of this 
sketch one of ^Major Steele's •■ mounted scouts 
and foragers." .Vt the cluse of tlie w-av Dr. 
J. C. Fulton returned home, and in the spring 
of 18GG went to ]\Iartin, Allegan County, 
Michigan, and engaged in selling general 
merchandise and in reading medicine for 
some years. In 1SG9 and 1870 he attended 
lectures at the ^liami iledical College in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and in ^larch of the latter 
year he began the practice of medicine in 
ilurray, Indiana, where he has continued to 
prosecute his profession ever since. In the 
hope that some other boy like himself, poor 
in this world's goods, may take courage, lie 
states that he had but >;'J in the wide world 
when he commenced to practice medicine. 
This straitened financial condition on the 
one hand was soon to be overcome by na- 
ture's ample endowment on the other, he be- 
ing possessed of a vigorous constitution and 
a buoyant heart. A\'lien his professional 
services were in demand he was not slow 
in mounting his horse or sulky and respond- 
ing, but under greater disadvantages to travel 
from that of to-day. Gravel roads are a modern 
convenience, the conception of which possi- 
bly had not gained its identity in the minds 
of the unborn generations to which " unknown 
cliine" we are to-day rapidly consigning the 
last of the pioneers, wdio, in the greatness 
of their liearts, gave us the " corduroy " and 
mud-roads. IJuggies at that time were a 
I'arity, there being but two or three in the 
township; at the present time, seventeen 

years later, almost every young man of the 
age of sixteen keeps his own horse and buggy. 
January 11, 1872, Dr. d. ('. Fulton was 
united in marriage to Jennie I!., daughter of 
AVilliam and Caroline (Kiddle) llanna, of 
Murray, AVells County, Indiana. Mrs. Dr. 
Fulton's ]iarents were born in Ohio, the 
t'ather in Wayne County, and the mother in 
Trumbull County. They were married in 
AVells County, Indiana, in 1815, where they 
continued to reside on their I'arni until re- 
moved by death. Mr. Ilaniia died April, 
1873, at the age of lifty-six years; Mrs. 
Ilanna died March, 1876, aged fifty-eight. 
To Dr. John C. and Jennie 13. Fulton were 
born four daughters — Minnie U., October 9, 
1872; Mabel D., iMarch 31, 1881; AMie A., 
October 3, 1884; Jennie 15. ^f., December 
16, 1886. Since the commencement of the 
writing of this sketch, Dr. Fulton has been 
called to mourn the loss liy tleath of this 
noble companion and these little daughters 
of that which time and wealth can never re- 
place, the watchful, tender care of a loving 
mother. Mrs. Dr. J. Q. Fulton died Janu- 
ary 26, 1887, after a short illness of only 
four days duration, from acute peritonitis. 
In her death, society lost an ornament, but 
heaven gained a jewel. In connection with 
his practice Dr. Fulton is (juite extensively 
engaged in agricultural pursuits, lie is an 
ex-president of the Wells County Medical 
Society, and was the delegate from Wells 
County to the American Medical Association 
which met in Chicago in the year 1887. lie 
is the present president of the Wells 
County Short-IIorn Breeders Association, 
and makes a specialty of raising and selling 
thoroughbred stock. His sale at his farm in 
1886 of fifteen head of short-horn cattle at 
public auction was the first of the kind ever 
made in Wells County, and jiroved to be not 
only a financial success to himself but a 




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lifoail stop towanl tlio liiixlior elevation, at 
least in one branch, of the ait iit' ai;-i'ieultiire 
in AVells County. 

Dr. George Eghert Fulton is the seventh 
child of John anil Sarah ( I'^ghert) l''ultoii. lie 
is a native of AVells County, Imjiana, born 
in Ossian, ( )otober 8, 1855. Ilis father and 
mother's death, as has previously been stated 
in the family history, left him an orphan at 
tlie age of eight years, thus causing him to 
be early thrown on his own resources. The 
family being broken up after the mother's 
death, he went to reside in Illinois with an 
uncle, where he runiaiiied working on tlie 
farm in the suninier and attending school in 
the winter, until he attained the age of 
twelve-years. At this portion of his career 
he suddenly' and without any special cause 
other than an intense longing for the friends 
and haunts of former days, returned to his 
former home in ludiaiui without asking leave 
of his friends. This journey being nearly 
300 miles in distance, was to say tiio least 
venturesome for a boy of twelve to undertake, 
and without money to pay his railroad fare 
and who knew little comparatively of rail- 
roads or cities. The journey, however, was 
completed in two days' time, he riding part 
of the distance on freight ears, the rest on 
the rear platform of the jjassenger trains. 
The journey necessitated several important 
changes of roads, one being Chicago. After 
remaining in Indiana a short time visiting 
friends, he returned to Illinois and arranged 
with a brother-in-law to go to Iowa; the 
journey was made overland in emigrant 
wacTons. Being somewhat encouraged over 
his former success in travel, and having an 
inordinate desire to see more of the world, he 
again set out, this time separating himself 
far from kinsfolk. This tour was set out upon 
from Hamburg, Iowa, dating perhaps nearly 
two years later than the one first s]ioken of. 

Starting out on font, he walked, in com])auy 
with a trajiprr, to Sinux ('ity, Iowa, a city 
near the line of Dakota Territory, and dis- 
tant some 200 miles from the point of start- 
ing. \\. this time the country was new and 
unsettle<l and he was oliliged to slee]) out 
upon the open prairie at night, fortunately 
for him it was in the summer season. There 
being no hal)itation for miles around and 
with nought but damp prairie sod for his 
couch and the broad expanse of heaven's 
starry canopy for his covering, he would lie 
down night after niglit in quest of tired na- 
ture's restorative — sleep. A very limited 
stock of edibles, but a liberal supply of that 
essential beverage, water, were procured and 
carried in tin buckets from the towns or set- 
tlements passed through while covering the 
distance. Arriving at Sioux City, he secured 
a situation on a steamboat, there being regu- 
lar packets plying between this city and 
Fort Benton, ]\[ontana Territory, for the 
purpose of carrying Government supplies to 
the Indians on their reservations and to 
the soldiers of the regular army, which were 
stationed at the various forts along the Mis- 
souri Kiver, through Dakota and Montana 
Tei'ritories. For a couple of months in each 
year he followed steamboating, the remainder 
of the time for two consecutive j'cai's he 
attended school in Sioux City, being very 
desirous of an education, and well knowing 
this to be a necessary foundation to success 
in the future. Having rare advantages of 
good schools in this city, lie made rapid 
progress, being in the high school depart- 
ment when he last attended this school. Tlie 
several trips taken by steamboat up the Mis- 
souri, passing entirely through Dakota from 
south to north, and as far as Fort Peck, in 
Jlontana Territory, were indeed thi'illing 
and picturesque; vast herds of antelope, elk 
and bufi'alo I'oamed at larije over the waste- 






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■M ! . i; .1-. .' -, . ?.viii-i;|i' -ifnii..! nrf 

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;,i, Mr. , :■'. 

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L^liMi ?'^»'ii 'fi^'iK^.Sr*^, t •»5^H^i?iiW"i«ju^>=^i«L««Ii« in'o'tiS'l '•^^f*H*ia^VIi*i^i^i^^>^Ti"- 




fill tract, stretcliini' <.nit licturt' tlio ovc; 
:i<^aili, ill KiiiK' jilaets, ci afi; and neak ami ilalo 
( i, anil ]ii-fciiiice, conplci] with a |n.'i'si)nal \-iow of 
'•'■ various trilies ot' Imliaiis, niiiiiln'riiij^ in some 

instances thousands, and arrayed in their war 
paint, makini;- the scene wild and frii^litful 
by their unci\ilized <leinonsti"ations; taken 
as a whole these all conihine to make a pic- 
ture far siu'passiiii;- in its ell'ects that which 
the most accoiii[)lished wielder of the pen or 
brush could ])ossih]y portray. At that time 
the Indians being Imstile the boats were sui]- 
plied with arms liy the (loveiaiment for ]iro- 
tection. In August, 1S72, he went to St. 
Louis as an employe on the steamboat \\. II. 
Durpliey; remaininu; in the city a short time 
he secureil a jiositioii on the pajsenn'cr and 
freight steamer (Jleneiie, iind passed down 
the Missis.-ippi to New ( )rleans. Mot satis- 
tied with the fiitui-e ])rospects ottered in the 
lite of a steamboatman, and tliiid<iuy; there 
miu'ht be si>methin:^ lu'tter in store for him, 
he (piit tlie buat and east his lot in the great 
city of New ()rleans. After persistent ellbrt 
he secured a position in the St. Charles hotel, 
the most commoilious and famous hotel in 
the South. His faith'fiilness to the duties as- 
signed him was rewarded by .successive jiro- 
motions, from that of a messenger boy until 
he became one of the chief clerks in the otlice. 
During liis stay in New ( )rleans the South 
was visited by the yellow^ fever scourge, antl 
also there occuri'ed the " ^^IcKnery-Kelloyg 
riots,'' over the i;-ubernatorial contest. After 
residing in the city of New Orleans for 
nearly three years he left for his old home 
in AVells County, arriving home in June, 
1875, after an absence of eleven years, and 
having been in ten States and two of the Ter- 
ritories, and being but nineteen years of age. 
Sooii after his return he began the study of 
medicine with his brother, Dr. .1. C. Fulton, 
of Murray, and after taking three courses of 

lectures at the Miami :Medical College at 
Cincinnati, (>hio, he gi-aduated at that insti- 
tution in the spring of 1S7S. Immediately 
aftei- gradnatiiiu I>r. k'ulton commenced the 
pi'actice of medicine in Mui'ray, where he 
continued in his profession in this place for 
four years, and in 1SS2 located in liluffton, 
Wells Oonnt}-, Indiana, where he still con- 
tinues his chosen jn-ofession. Dr. (i. E. Fid- 
ton was married September 2S, 1S81, to 
^lary, daughter of William and ]\Iary (Ivirk- 
])atrick) ]\rossy, of Wells County, Indiana. 
Mrs. Dr. Fulton's ]jarents were born in Ire- 
land and immigrated to this counti-y in their 
youth, in 1840. They were married in ]\Ia- 
honing County, Ohio, in ISl-i, and came to 
Indiana the same year, settling in the midst 
of a ilense forest, in liock Creek Townshij>, 
AVells County. With ni\tiring energy they 
toiled, clearing away the timber and culti- 
\ating the lands, and in time snjiplanting 
the log cabin and barn with substantial mod- 
ern striictui'es, until they ])Ossess one of the 
best tracts of improved land in AYells 
(joiinty. Unto ]\Ir. and Mrs. ]\[ossy were 
born six children —.lohn Iv., yet ]i\dng; 
William 31 died at the age of live years; 
Alary, wife of Dr. (i. K. Fulton; two died 
in infancy; Donaldson, the youngest, was 
killed on the Toleihj A: "W'abash llailroad, 
near Defiance, Ohio, while acting in the em- 
ploy of the road as brakesman; he was struck 
liy the engine of a ra])idly-moving passenger 
train and died in a lew hours from injuries thus 
received, lie was killed in 1880 at the age of 
twenty -four years. As age and failing health 
came on, Jlr. and Mrs. IMossy retired from 
the farm and moved to IJIuli'ton, where they 
remained until I'emoved by death. ]\Ir. 
Mossy died in 1880, at the age of sixty-two 
years, and Mrs. Mossy in 1881, at the age of 
seventy years. Mrs. Mossy was a most de- 
voted Christian, being iVom childhood a 




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incmhor of tlie T'reshvteri.-m chiii-cli. Slie 
M-;i5 iible befort' the iloclino of did a;,'e to re- 
]iP:it tViiin mcinorv nil the l^s:ilins, ;iii<l al^o 
(•li!i|)ter after rhaptcr of other porliotis of 
Ifuly Writ. l)r. and Mrs. iMdton liave two 
eliihlreii — Anna, horn |)ecoinher "24, 1SS2, 
and flune ^^., horn . I line 3t), 1^8^. They are 
meinherd of the First I'reshyterian Church, 
of Bhilfton, of wliich lie is an elder. lie is 
also a nienil>er of lilnffton I.odi^e, ]v. of V. 
I'olitieally Dr. (i. V.. Fulton afiiliates with 
the Denn.ieratie ]iai-ty. In ISTH lie made a 
tour through the ]']ast, some of the more 
noted places visited being Niagara Falls, 
AVasliington City, Philadelphia, and the Cen- 
tennial I'^xposition at the latter ])lace. 

lL!JA:\r C. ZION, of Zanesville, was 

\ h 

in I\[adison County, Ii 

t— t;js^ Feljruary 10, 1845, son of Jt)hn I', 
and Xancy (Crismorc) Zioii, the former a 
native of A'^irginia, and the latter of Pennsyl- 
vania. They were married in Push County, 
Indiana, and their children, seven in number, 
liiivc all lieeu born in this State — Jacob 8., 
AVilliam C, Geoi'ge AV., Thomas J. and 
Joliii II.; two are deceased. Jacob miiri'ied 
Susan Sonuer; Geortre married Pebecca Bell; 
Thomas J. married ^lary Ellsworth; John 
If. married Ida Ilindman, and AN'^illiant C. 
married I\Iary C. AVagiier August 14, 1S73, 
Ilev. AVilliam Curtis, a Pajitist clergyman, 
performing the marriage ceremony. Airs. 
Zion's parents were Alartin and Catherine 
( Wei ban m) AVagiier, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, who removed from that State to Allen 
County in 1841. Eight children were born 
in that county — Rachel A., Mary B., Jacob 
M., Pluebe E., Pvebecca I., Joseph B., Abra- 
ham L. and AVilliam 1). The father was a 
soldier during the late war, beir;g a member 

of Company C, Seventy-fourth Indiana In- 
fantry. He ])artieipated in the battle of 
Stone Piver, Chickamanga, l\rissionary Pidge, 
l.ooh(iiit Monntain, the siege of .Atlanta, and 
was with Shci-maii on his celebrated mai'ch 
to the sea. IP^ was twice wounded dui-ing 
the service. At the close of the war he re- 
turned home, ami he and his good wife are 
still living in Allen County. TheZion family 
came to AVclls County (October 20, 18G3, pur- 
chasitig the farm where the parents now re- 
side. The father was born in IBIS, and the 
mother in 1823. AVilliam C. was well edu- 
cated, but his life lias been s]ient on the farm. 
Aiter his marriage he settled upon the farm 
where he tuiw resides, which was purchased 
in 1870, and IkkI only a small clearing and 
no house. The ne\t spring he erected a nice 
farm-house. All the improvements have 
been made by hiinsclf, and he now has a tine 
t'ai-ni rjf 120 acres, well stocked and con- 
veniently arranged. Their children are — Ida 
E., Jason C. and Fi'anklin A. In 1884: Jlr. 
Zion was elected township trustee by the 
Democratic party, and in 188G he was re- 
elected. The Xeedmore school-house and 
the Zanesville school building have been 
erected since he has held the otiice, and the 
new iron bridge between sections 12 and 13 
lias been Imllt, also two frame bridges across 
Flat and I)avis creeks. , , 

;r'*T7.SP.UIlA' DUGLAY, senior member of 
i/'feii^ the law tii-m of Duglay & Silver, of 
'^'~ Plufl'ton, is a native of Allen County, 
Indiana, born on a fai-m near Churubusco, 
January 10, 1S59, a son of Joseph S. and 
^Fargaret (Avis) Duglay, the father a native 
of France, and the mother born at Harper's 
Ferry, AVest Virginia, of German parentage. 
( hir subject was reared on the home f;irni in 

a'»^^ >«^-"»«»^'^i>»-ri'^f!.J iP*^»a.*c..'*V'^i r»n^»'..^«'i^-^"a '■'.■: 


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AlltMi County, iind at the a^c <>!' fit'tci']! years 
liis latlirr alli)\\i'il liiiii tn do lor liiiiistit", 
wliou 111' lieiraii tiacliiiio- si'liool. lie recei\eil 
tlie nidiiiieiits of an education in tlie district 
schools and at a select scliool at Cluiriibusco. 
In iSTu lie entered Fort ^\'ayne College fit 
Port Wayne, Iiidiaiui, from wliicli institution 
]ie frra<lnated in the chiss of IST'J, he havinir 
defrayed liis college expenses liy teaching in 
the schools of Allen, A\'hitley antl iSohle 
counties, Indiana, during the winter terms. 
In ISSO he hegan the study of law in the law 
cilice of liohertsoii i^ Ilai-perat I'ort Wayne, 
where he I'emained as a student one year, 
when he entered the law department of the 
^Michigan State University at Ann jVrbor, 
and graduated in 1"^^™. In A]iril of that 
year he came to ISltiifton, ^Vells County, In- 
diana, and hegan the ]iractice of law with 
J. J. 'J'odd, umler the linn name of Todd A; 
Duglay. In Aj)ril, ISSo, he retired from the 
firm and became a^-sociated with Winlield S. 
Silver, when the jiresent law lirm of Dughiy 
it Silver was formed. J\lr. Huglay was mar- 
ried at lilntftoii August 21, 1883, to ]\[iss 
Julia Lush-, a daughter. of ^Irs. JIary Frees, 
of niutfton. She w: s born in Wells (,'ouiity, 
Indiana, reared and educated in the schools 
of lilutl'ton, at)(l before her marriage taught 
in tlie schools of AVells County. Mr. and 
]\Irs. I)nglay are the parents of one son, 
named Hugh. In jtolitics Mr. Duglay affili- 
ates with the KejMiblican Jiarty. I'oth he 
and his wife are members of the ilethodist 
Episcoiial church, of which he is a steward. 
Josejih S. Duglay, the father of our suljject, 
immigrated to America when eighteen years 
of age, and tirst located in the State of New 
York. lie removed to Indiana in 1840, 
locating in La(irangc. where he was mar- 
ried. He remained at La (irange until 184S, 
when he removed to Allen C(;unty, where lie 
woi'lced at his trade, that of a blacksmith. 


until lS(;s. Li lS,j8 he jmrchased a farm in 
Allen ('(Hinty, in the \ icinity of Churiibusco, 
where he followed fai'iniiig until his death in 
Ajiril, ISS-J, at the age of sixty-six years, he 
having been killed by being tiirown from his 
buggy. He was a member of the j\Iethodist 
Episcopal church, and for many years a 
licensed local preacher. The mother of our 
subject was also a member of the ]\Ietliodist 
Episcopal chni'ch. She died in Allen County 
in February, 1.S7S, at the .age of fifty-six 
years. They were the fiarents of seven chil- 
dren, four of whom are living and are resi- 
dents of Indiana. 

ABItlEL JIAKKLEY, deceased, one of 

i I y- the early settlers of "Wells County, was 
\.A born in Maryland, January 11, 1814, a 
son of Jonathan Markley, also a native of 
I ^Maryland. AVlien he was three years old his 
parents removed to Pennsylvania, thence to 
.Madison County, Ohio, where he resided 
upon his father's farm until ISSt^ During 
that year he was married to Miss Hannah, 
dauo-htcr of Solomon Tuttle, who was born 
in Athens County, Ohio, .March 30, 1818. 
One year after marriage !Mr. and Jlrs. Mark- 
ley immigrated to Wells County, this State, 
which was then a dense wilderness. Here 
he entered seventy-two acres of land fnjiii 
the (iovernment on section 18, Harrison 
Township, on the AV'abash Ifiver. There 
were then only four white families iti that 
jiart of the county. He erected a cabin and 
bciran to clear and improve a farm. Iiy in- 
dustry and good management, he added to 
his original purchase from time to time, until 
he owned a landed estate of eleven hundred 
acres, most of which was in a state of culti- 
vation. !Mr. and ^Irs. .Markle3' passed through 
all tlie usual hardships of j)ioiieer life. When 





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lie first arrived licro liis projierty consisted uf 
a liorse and a cuw; tlie latter died scmn alter 
reaeliiiif,' liei-e. I'liey were tlu^ jiai'ents of 
twelve eliildreu, o^ whom eij^lit survi\e~ — 
Jonathan, Naney A., wife of I)aniel Shoe- 
maker, John A\'., Henry C, Oliver P., I^fary 
A., now the wife of AVilliain A. J\[arkley, 
Isabel, now ]\Irs. A\'illiani Pi'elliinan, and 
Daniel !•'. J!oth parents were active nieni- 
l.iei's of the (.'hristian ehiu'ch. ]\[r. jMarkley 
died June 12, 1*573, and his wife, iCareli i30, 

Wfno]\rAs ^Y. quackenpusii, of 

•{■ y. Ossian, was l.iorn in Amsterdam, 
"^^ Montgomery County, New York, June 
11, 1817, a son of AVilHam \\ . and ]\[ary 
(Allen) (Juacdcenl)nsli, who were the parents 
of eight children, of whom Thomas AV. was 
the eldest. Tlie family removed to Orleans 
County, thence to Trumbull County, Ohio, 
iu 1837. In that county, June 18, our sub- 
ject was married to Phoebe Hudson, daughter 
of William II. Hudson. Eight 3'cars later, 
and after the birth of four children an<l the 
deatli of two, Thomas,, with his family, con- 
sisting of wife and two children, Mary J. and 
liachel, came to Wells County in company 
with Joseph Gorrell, John Glass and James 
Barkley. All made a location in this county 
September 18, 1815. John Glass married 
Margaret Hatfield. The ground was covered 
with snow before Mr. Quackenbush had his 
cabin ready for occupancy. The family 
moved iu before the doors wer-i made. 
Ulankets shut out the Ijiting wind, but could 
not drown tiie mournful howl of the hungi'y 
wolves that prowled about the forests, yet 
feared to make an attack upon either man or 
beast. Mr. Quackenbush purchased si.\ty 
acres of land of James Glass, on credit, and 

began its improvement without money, and 
no aid ('\cej)t his strong ai'ni and tiMisty a\. 
AfltM- clraring twenty acres he sold the sixty- 
acre tract anil entered eighty acres upon the 
reserve, which he had earned enough money 
to i^ay for. Another log cabin was built, and 
Thomas made a second beginning in the way 
of starting a home in "\\'^ells County. This 
time there was a tluuble incentive, for his 
land was paid for, and he had a patent from 
the CJovernment, bearing the signature of 
President Zachary Taylor. Day by day the 
hti'oke of the pioneer's ax was heanl until he 
had a score of acres cleared. Later, he 
exchanged this land for an interest in a saw- 
mill in Van Wert County, Ohio, but after 
remaining there two years, sold out and 
returnei-1 to AVells County, where he pur- 
chased another tract of land. ()ther pur- 
chases were made and exchanges followed, 
until ilr. Quackenbush found liimself a 
resident of Milford, Kosciusko County, where 
he I'eniained in Imsiness live years to a day. 
His property was then disposed of and he 
returned to this county, where a ])ermanent 
location was made at Ossian, in 18S(). The 
same month he purchased a stock of groceries, 
and for two years conducted a bakery, con- 
fectionery and grocery store. Ills new store 
building was com|>leted in 1882, since which 
time his goods have occupied the new store. 
Mr. and Mrs. Quackenbush have had eight 
children, five of whoni are deceased — Mary 
J. is the wife of Joseph Hurry; Rachel 
married George Cox; Emeline became the 
wife of John Jlossy, and Clark married Mary 
M. (Jreen. He has fifteen grandchildren, 
ilrs. (,)uaekenbash died in September, 18C4. 
For a second wife, our subject married ilrs. 
Mary A. Ormsby, of this county, whose 
luisband, Josei)h Oi'msby, was a brother to the 
present county clerk, J. H. Ormsby. One 
child was born to this union, which died in 

iiitancy. Mi', (^nackeiilinsli sorvcil a?; ciin- 
stalilo foiirteL'ii \L'ai's. He (.•iJiiiinciu'i'il life 
witli no fortune i.'xc'e[it a sti-oii;^^ arm and a 
wealth of innscle, hut liy eneriry, fruaality 
and honesty lias secured a ('(Mii petenev for his 
old age, Ijosides rearing and educating his 
large family of children. 

SllANSO.X AVK.WKIl, residing on sec- 
;-)\ tion ;iO, Lancaster T(.i\vn.-^hi|), was born 
-•1.'' in AVayne ('i.iiintv, Indiana, ( )ctober 1.5, 
1837, a son of Lewis and :\[ary (ILavcII) 

AV^eaver. lie was I'earcd t( 



suits and has made firming and teaching the 
avocation of his life. lie was united in 
marriage April 2, 18G3, to Catharine ]\[illei', 
who was born September 'J, 1842, the young- 
est daughter of the pioneer Henry ililler. 
Five chiklren have been born to this nniim — 
Lizzie ]\I., boi-n December 30, 18I13, married 
James AV. (,)uick, and they are now living on 
the (dd Weaver homestead ; Jidui, living with 
his parents, was born June 3, ISl^ili; AVilliam 
was born August 12, 1870, and died February 
13. 1871; Hattie 'M., born June 11, 1873, 
and Maud, born February 23, 188]. :\[,-. 
Weaver settled on his present farm shoi'tly 
after his marriage, and sinee tliat time lias 
made almost all the imjirovements. I]c li.'is 
lieen pi'iisperons in his finning oiicrations, 
and Ijy his gnod management has accumulated 
350 acres of land, the homestead consisting 
of seventy-tivc acres. His land when he 
jnirchased it was partly covered with timber. 
He has on his land over six miles of tile 
drainage, and all the improvements are first- 
class, with good biiihliugs for his stock and 
grain, the entire surroundings of his place 
pro\iiig liiin to Ijc a thorough practical 
farmer, he lia\iiig the lai'gest herd of recorded 
shorthorns in the county. Mr. Weaver eu- 


listed ill the defense of his emintry in the 
early liart of the war, and wa^ assio-ned to 
the Army of the i'otumac, a member of (\)in- 
pany (i. Twelfth Indiana Infintry. After 
serving seven months he was honorably dis- 
charged in May, 1862. lie again enlisted 
in October, 1S64, in Company 13, Fifty-third 
Indiana Infantry, serving in the Seventeenth 
{'(>r|)S, which he joineil at ( 'liattanooo-a. His 
corps niarcliiMl with Sherman to the sea, and 
Mr. \Vea\'er was in line at the grand review 
of Sherman's army at Washington (,'itv. lie 
was discharged at Louisville, Kentucky, July 
21, 1805, when he returned to his home in 
Lancastei'Townshij). In jicjiitics Mr. Weaver 
atliliates with the I'ejHiblican Jtarty, but in 
this as well as religion and in all things lie 
is a liberal minded intelligent citizen. He 
has been one oi' the most active men in 
Lancaster township in pushing forward jmb- 
lic improvements, and the line gravek'd turn- 
pike from niulfton to Murray was built 
largely tlinnigh his efiVirts and personal intlu- 
ence. II is father, Lewis Weaver, was born 
in Franklin County, A'irginia, in 1801), and 
was reared to manhood in his native State. 
AVhen twenty-three years of age he in com- 
pany with his brother David came to Indiana 
and made his home in the then wilderness of 
Wayne ('(juuty. lli^ was m.-irried in that 
comity to Miss Mary Howell, who died in 
1813, leaving three cliililreu — Ilranson, our 
suliject; Klizabeth, mai-rie<l to (-ieorge Lind- 
sey, by whom .■-he had three children, ^[ai'v, 
Clara and Lewis W., and died in Lancaster 
Township, (_)ct(d)er 22, 1874; John K., the 
yotingi'st, was a soldier in the war of the 
Reljellion, enlisting in August, 1802, in 
Company R, One Hundred and First Indiana 
Infantry anil died while in the service of his 
country. The father was married the second 
time to Miss Nancy Calyean, and to this 
union were born two children — Thomas, who 







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nisronv (if whi.i.s corNrr. 

ilicd in Lniicaster Towiisliip an-cd tweiity- 
tlirue vcars, ami .lacul) I.., \\]\i> dird at the 
a.-c of liltren _viar>. Tlir laflirr die.l in A',i- 
Ni'lllln'l-, ISTti. ill' \\;is a mail ot' ^tc'l-lilli;- 
\\ iii-tli, aiid was niiicli ri'S])cct(Ml as a irm^IiImji- 
and clti/un. 11 is widow survive(i liiiu bc\'eral 
years, dyinif in Decemlier, 1^81. 

.'i^EORGE ARNOLD, son of William and 
JjI'V Elizabeth (Townsend) Arnold, was Ijoimi 
'JT/t September 2S, 181S. His jiarents cauiu 
from rs'ewberiT District, Sonth Carolina, and 
settled on ( 'a'sai''s (.'reek, Wai'ren Comity, 
Ohio, whence they removed to Gi'eentield, 
Ohio, in 18 1(), where the snl)ject of this 
sketch was lii>ni. William jVrncdd was a 
well-to-do tarmei', became wealthy, servinl as 
county commissioner, and was a man liiyhlv 
respected by his neighbors. (Jeorge was 
reared on his father's farm, and received a 
good crjmmon-school education, including 
Some of the liiglier branches, and became a 
good practical surveyor, and taught school 
for sevei-al yem'S in Darke and Miami coun- 
ties, ()hio, and in Whitley County, Indiana, 
lie was married November 10, 1810, in 
Cii-eeiiville, Ohio, to Aliss Ann Maria Wetty, 
by whom he had three children — Henry 
C'hiy, Sarali Jj. and Chai'les A. now living. 
In 1848' he remo\etl on a farm in the then 
wilds of AVhitley County, where the settlers 
were few and far between. The Indians were 
numerous, and cmild be seen daily. They 
were the sole occujiants of much of the then 
unsettled land, lie remained on his farm on 
Eel liiver, dividing his time between sur- 
veyiuf and cultivating the soil. He was 
county survevdr for three years, receiving his 
commission from (Tovernor AVhitcomb. In 
1818 ho became tired of farming and re- 
moved to Columbia City, the county seat. 

and cngMged as a clerk in the store of Henry 
Suihnil, whort; he remained o\-er a year. 
W liile hei-e lie was solicited to run as a candi- 
date for county auditoi' on the Whig ticket, 
but was defeated by ten votes, having run 
thirty-two votes ahead of his ]iarty ticket. 
He had reason afterward to be thankfid for 
liis defeat, as it would have changed liis 
whole after-life, which might not have re- 
sulted as successfully in business matters, as 
has been the case as it is. In IS-l'J he bought 
out ]Mr. Swihart aTid continued the dry goods 
trade and ])ork packing for a number of 
years, till 18.ji), wiieii he i-enioved to lUutf- 
ton and bought out John Studabaker, who 
had for twenty years done a large and success- 
ful business. He continued in this business 
with slight intervals for nearly twenty years, 
being succeedetl by his son, Henry C, who 
has since done a large and successful l)usi- 
ness. It is some gratification to know that 
in all thcno years of business life neither 
himself nor son have ever suspetuled or made 
an assignment. In 1870 he was the Re- 
publican nominee for the State Senate, run- 
ning ahead of his ticket, but the district 
being Democi'atic, he was defeated. In 1872 
he was an aspirant for nomination as Secre- 
tary of State before the Republican State 
Convention, and was the second on the list 
of four candidates, but was defeated. In 
1877 Mr. Arnold was appointed a delegate to 
the JS'ational Repuiblican Convention by the 
Indiana Rejinblican State Convention, where 
he attended and was a ])articipant of the ex- 
citing scenes in that body, resulting in the 
nomination of II. I'. Hayes A)r President, 
giving his support for Morton as long as 
there was hope foi' him; but when that liope 
died he went over to Hayes. This was a time 
of the nuist intense excitement. In 1872, 
in his absence, he was appointed a lay dele- 
gate to the Annual ('onfei'ence of the Meth- 


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(idist K2)isco]ial oliurcli at Mniirie. In ISTS 
lie honglit uiit tlie llIiill'tcMi (" 7//v<»/(7(', and 
lias ever since lieen its editm- and j)ro]iriet(ir. 
Jle lias y;i'eatly enlarj^ed and ini[ir()veil it and 
widely increased its eirenlatiun, su that it is 
now equal, if not superior, to any paper in 
the county in its circulation and general in- 
lliience. It might be called tlie organ of the 
Kepublicau party, as its aim is to defend that 
])arty, as being the saviour of the country, 
and devoted to its redemption from Demo- 
cratic misrule. On .January 13, l^SO, Air. 
Arnold was appointLil, by I'l'csiilent Hayes, 
postmaster ij^ JUutfton, which position he 
held over four years, retaining a nominal 
control u\er the r/'/'o/i/r/c, which during that 
time was edited by liis son Charles, who has 
been connected witli the paper for some nine 
years. Mr. Arnold is a public-spirited man, 
always working for the good of the city and 
county; is a man of high integrit}- and fair 
ability, intelligent, courteous, amiable and of 
jileasiiig manners and line personal presence. 

§R. C. T. MELSllELMER, a practicing 
physician of liluffton, AVells County, 
::-- with wliDSu interests he has been ])romi- 
nently identilied since the spring of 1811, 
was b(irn in Hanover, York County, Penn- 
sylvania, the date of his birth being Septem- 
ber 2'J, I'SliJ. In his youth he received 
excellent educational advantages, attending 
school at Gettysburg and Ashland, Ohio, 
and the Chicago Medical College. lie 
was nnitei] in marriage March 2'J, 1845, to 
j\liss Susan Ann Dwire, a danghtei' of Itev. 
"William Dwire, of the ilethodist Episcopal 
church of Ashland, Ohio. To this union 
were born six children, five sons and one 
daughter, u^ wlnim two sons and the daugh- 
ter survived the ileatli ol' the mother, which 

occurred August )i, ISTS. Dr. Mclsboiiner 
was again iiniteil in marriage, to .Mrs. .Nfai- 
tha Cartwright, his present wife, Decemlier 
U, 1S8(). As belore ^tated, the doctor set- 
tled at niutl'ton ill the sjiring of 1811, and 
since that time has been actively engaged in 
the practice of his chosen profession, build- 
ing up a large and lucrative ])ractice. In 
practice be is not only progressive, but 
strictly conservative. In August, 1862, Dr. 
lielsheimer was commissioned by Governor 
O. V. Morton, of Indiana, First Assistant Sur- 
geon of the One Ilnndred and I'irst Indiana 
Infantry, which ]iosition he lilled until tail- 
ing health compelled hiiji to resign. In July, 
iSSu, he received the a|)pointnient as a mem- 
ber of the IJoard of I'ension I'Aaminers for 
the Eleventh Congressional District of the 
State of Indiana. In jiolitics the doctor af- 
iiliates with the Ilepubliean party. In relig- 
ion he is a linn belie\'er in the fatherlmod 
of God, the brotherhood of man, and in the 
final salvation of every son and daughter of 
Adam. Ill 1850 Dr. Melsheimer united 
with the Odd Fellows order at Fort Wayne, 
Indiana, ami was a member vi Harmony 
Lodge until October (>, 1852, when he united 
with the Odd Fellows Lcjdge, .\o. 114, of 
I'.lutl'ton, in which lodge he still retains his 

^T^TIANUEL McINTIRE, an enterprising 

\i \^- agriculturist of Jackson Township, en- 
'^E g-'o'^'^ ^" fiii''n'"o f^"tl stock-raising on 
section 34, was born in Jackson Township, 
Wells County, Indiana, April 1, 1855, a son 
of Dick and Mary Mclntire. He was reared 
ill his native county, bis youth i)eing .spent 
in assisting his father on the farm and in at- 
tending the common sclu>ols. He made lii.s 
home with his narenis until his mari'iai'e. 



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wliicli occurred Afarcli 1, 1S7'J. His wife's 
maiilcii iiaiiie \v:is ( )liv(j ('. I\ ilamlci', w lio was 
alo a iiati\L- ol .larksdii 'ruwiisli i]i, Well.-. 
(\iiiiitY, her jiarcnts, I'erry and Sarah .1. 
(Mai'tiii) Ivilaihlci', heiii;,'- yet residents uf 
darks. in '!'o\vii>hi]i. "When Mr. Melntirewas 
married his t'atlier gave him 200 acres of land, 
and lie and Ins wife l)CL;-an liousekecjiing in a 
oiie-roomeil log caliin wlncli stood on ])art of 
this land. Since then he has cleared ahont sixty - 
fi\e acres, and has now l'~!0 acres cleared an<l 
improved, he havlncr pnt ahoiit 1.000 rods of 
tilini; on his land. lie huilt a fine, substantial 
barn in IS.SI, and in 1SS3 erected his present 
handsome residence at a. cost of about s3,000. 
.Mr. Mclntii'e is ayoun;^ man of jmblic spirit, 
ami has done much toward the progi'css and 
advancement of Jackson Townshi]) since 
starting out in life tor himself, and is well 
respected by all wIkj know him. 

fJViJ!i;AlIA>r J. (;LARK, of Ossian, was 
Ij'kV, born in Greeiicastle, Franklin County, 
■^i"^ Pennsylvania, in 1818. His t'atlier, 
AValter I'>. Clarlc, was born in Frederick, 
Maryland, and bis mother, ilargaret (De 
Circdl'j Clark, was a native of Gettysburg, 
Pennsylvania. They were married in Penn- 
sylvania, and settled in (.Treencastle in 1811. 
Six cliildren were born in that State. The 
names of the (diildren arc — John 1!., Amelia, 
Abraham J., Jeremiah, Catherine and Wash- 
ington. In 1833 the family came to Wayne 
CJounty, Ohio, and settled near Doylestown. 
A location was made in i\Iedina County in 
1841, and the eleven years sjjeiit in that 
county was the severest struggle i'or existence 
the family e\er experienced. Abraham and 
bis brother .Jeremiah bought 100 acres of 
land, divided it equally, and began the prob- 
lem of carving out their destinies. Rough 

fare, rougher clothing and innumerable liard- 
ships daunted them imt, but years of toil 
brought a fitting i-eward. Five years later 
Aiu-ahani sulil his laud, jiurehased 100 acres, 
and made another beiriuning. A small clear- 
ing bad been made and a small cabin was 
built. Having claims upon 200 acres, and 
ba\'iiig built three good log houses, in 1852 
be decided to sell and emigrate to Indiana. 
The change was made, and his ready cash 
pnrchaseil a nice tract of land. ])uring the 
winter of 1852 the death of the mother 
occurred, and at'ter the children came to this 
county the father also removed here, and died 
February 22, 1800. Three of the brothers 
are living; Washington resides in AViscon- 
sin, and Jeremiah and Abraham in Ossian. 
The marriage of the latter to Catherine 
llasor, in Medina County, Chio, occurred 
Xovend)er Ti, 1S41, (ieorge ^[iller, Esq., per- 
forming the ceremony. The Pasors were 
natives of Wej.tmorelaiid County, Pennsyl- 
vania, anil were the first couple married in 
Wadsworth Township, Medina County, Ohio. 
They reared a large family of children, and 
remained in that county during their life- 
time, their last days being spent in tiie vil- 
lage of Wadsworth. In November, 1852, 
our sidijcct with bis wife and children came 
to Wells County, locating in the woods of 
Jefferson Towiishiji. lie purchased 240 acres 
id" choice timber land on which not a stroke 
of the ax had been made. The first log house 
was built in the spring of 1853, into wliicli 
the family moved in the spring of that year; 
it is still standing. The eldest son, George, 
just develo])ing into manhood, died June 3, 
1864, and although only nineteen years of 
age, lie \vas accejjtcd by the Government and 
eidisted in defense of his country's flag, be- 
coming a member of the One Hundred and 
Thirtieth Indiana Infantry. The jiride of 
his father and joy of his mother went forth 

;ws»n^iiw^,Tw;r ru7?fc'Eajrig,ina 77.a'77 LgsctJ r^graairja7T^ 



t(i (!() liattlu, liiit (lisu;isu cut sliort liis youtli- 
liil vigor, mill liu died at ^iashville, 'JVniies- 
see, ill less tliaii a year iVoiu the time nf liis 
enlistment. His remains repose in the ceme- 
tery at Ossian. James, the third eliild, is 
the cmly one of the I'oiir (diildren that is 
liviiiL,'. lie resi<lcs on a part of the old 
homestead first pui'chased hy the father in 
Indiana. He heeame the husliand of Eliza 
l!anghman ^fareli 15, 1S7(), and they are the 
parentsof three ehildi'en — William J., C'liarles 
E. and Mary E. The two daughters reached 
niaturity. The eldest, JLargaret, became the 
wife of .fohii ir. Ferguson April 26, 18GG. 
They had tliree children — Jennie E., Albert 
1). and ^Marion J. John Ferguson was also 
a licro of the late war, being a member of the 
Eighty -eighth Indiana Infantry. His wife 
died ill the sjiriiig of lss5. Mary .1., the 
fourth child, nuirried Lewis Caston in Sep- 
tembei', 1S75. .She also had three children 
— Judson 1!., Maggie M. and James J. The 
death of ]\Iis. Caston occuri-cd August 20, 
1S82. Ill that year ]\Ir. Oiark erected a neat 
cottage in Ussian, where they have since re- 
sided. These pioneers, who have braved the 
summers' sun and the storms of many win- 
ters, have gained a competence; and yet they 
find Consolation in the joy of the love and 
companionship of each other and their numer- 
ous grandchildren, in the veins of whom 
flows the blood of an ancesti-y which has 
never been sullied witk dishonor. This 
sketch gives a brief histoi'y of tme of Ossian's 
best families. Walter B. Clark, the father of 
our subject, was a soldier of the war of 1812, 
under the command of JIajor Wood. He 
was present at the battle of Baltimore, and 
passed through the remainder of that cam- 
paign. The history of Walter Clark was 
that wdiich usually follows upon one used to 
an agricultural calling, although in earlier 
years he was a mechanic and worked at his 

trade in the manufactiire of saddle-trees. Of 
the De rirotf faniil}' but little can bo learned. 
Walter's Avife was the daughter of a gentle- 
man who was a iiati\-e of Poland, but his 
I'elatives do not remember his name. One of 
his sons, Abraham De (iroff, was for many 
yc;irs projtrietor tif an inn near Ilaltimoi-e, 

"^/JIIEIIT BOBINSON, of I'.anner, was 
^; liorn in Belmont County, ()hio, in 1825 
^^■(\ son of AVilliam and Mary (IJoyd) Bob- 
inson. The father was liorn near Glasgow, 
Scotland, and was a son of Ilobert and Mary 
(Lyons) Rol.)inson, also natives of Scotland. 
In 177G the family emigrated to County Ty- 
I'one, Ireland, and aftei- the close of the war 
of the Revolution came to America and 
settled in I'elmont County, Ohio. They had 
tliree children — AVilliam, l^lizabeth, who 
married Bobinson Lindsey, and Hannah, wife 
of James GritHn. Mary Boyd was born in 
America and of Irisli ancestry. Her parents 
were Benjamin and Martha (Watson) Boyd, 
and their cliildren were — William, An<lrew, 
Thomas, lienjamin, ]\Iartha, Mary and Jane. 
The parents of our subject were married 
about 1821 and liail six childi-en — Eleanor, 
wife of (leorge Jennings; Bobert, who mar- 
ried live Myers October 28, 1818 ; Benjamin, 
who died unmarried; Joshua and Joseph, 
twins, also died unmarried; and Jfatihhi J., 
who became the wife of Samuel McDonald. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bobinson after their marriage 
removed to Louis;i County, Iowa, wheie ilr. 
Bobinson purchased a farm. Three years 
later they returned to Ohio, settling in Fi-ank- 
lin County, wdierc they remained until the 
close of the war. Mr. Bobinson was a con- 
tractor for (Tovei'iiment siipjilies during that 
eventful period. In 1865 he sold his farm 






i^si^silis Vii* fct» s-^faSij 

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ill (>Iii(i ami caiiii' to AVclls (\iiintY, where lio 
jiiircliasrd l-|tl acn/.s (iC land in I'liion Towii- 
ship, tit'locii acres lieiiio; cleared. A small 
]ii<j; cahiii stiiiid ii|i(mi llie site of liis present 
home, into which the tainily mo\'oil. Their 
children are -I'leiijainin, (ieorge, Fi'aiiklin, 
J-eotiard, Edward, ^[al■^• and Seymour. Their 
youiii,''est s(>n, Seymour, was born in that 
house in ISOS, and is the cnily unmarrieil 
child in the family, llenjainin niarrietl Sarah 
Kain, (ie(U-<j;e married liarhara Ilalvy, Frank 
marrieil NTatilda .Xicholson, Edward mari'ied 
.Mice Raver, Mary is the wife of Joseph 
llnnpenifarner, and Leonard married Lizzie 
ILittield and resides in Elk County, Xansas. 
'J'heir present liou^c was hiiilt in 1S70. ^U\ 
liobinson lias been ^fenerally successful in his 
business all'airs; his fine farm is under excel- 
lent cultivation e.xcept twenty acres. All the 
children have been fairly educated. '(Teorge 
was a teacdier fur several y6;irs previous to 
his inarriaire. Seymour remains on the farm, 
and will undoubtedly succeed his father in its 
manairenicnt. .Mr. Kobinson east his first 
presidential vote for Lewis Cass, and from 
that time he has been an adherent to tlie 
T )emocratic t'aith. 

fllOMAS E. SCOTT, farmer, Xottiiig- 

'^ioX ham Townshij), was born near Zaiics- 
^J field, Logan County, Ohio, l"\'briiary 
21, IS-tO, son of Stanton and Esther E. (Ed- 
mondson) Scott, of Scotch-English ancestry, 
[lis fatlier was rcareil in North Carolina, his 
parents afterward removing to Jefferson 
County, Ohio, thence tc> Helmont County, 
thence to Logan County, wlicre the parents 
died. Stanton was mari-ied in Clarke (bounty 
to Jliss Esther Edmondson, who was born in 
York County, Pennsylvania. Her parents 
were Thomas and Elizabeth (^Morsel) Ed- 

momlsoii, ol 
slie was eiifhl 

lish-li'ish ancesti-y. When 
irs of age her parents re- 
moved to Fredei-icks County, .Maryland, 
wliei-e she li\cd until iiei' twenty-third year. 
The family then nio\'ed to Clinton County, 
Ohio, thence to Clarke County, where she 
was married in the L^riends' meeting lionsc 
of (ii'cen J*lain, Septemljer 21, 183(3. Mr. 
and Mrs. Stanton Scott first located in Cham- 
paign Count}', then in Logan County, and in 
Movembcr, 1841, they removed to Jay Coun- 
ty, Indiana, where ]\[rs. Scott's parents liad 
preceded them in 1887; both died in Jay 
County. .Mr. Scott hail entered eighty acres 
of lantl in Wells County in 1838, and in 
1S45 moved to liis new iiome in Xottingham 
'J'ownshi]). They occupied the primitive log 
cabin, and their nearest neighbor was a mile 
and a half away. Deer and wild turkeys 
were aljundant, and often the "fretted porcu- 
pine" had to lie driven away from their door. 
They ti'aded a cow and calf for !>8 worth of 
chairs, and then traded the chairs for tlie 
making of rails. The postotKee was at Cam- 
den, and they had to pay 18 cents for a letter. 
They had seven children, of whom two, I\Iary 
and Rebecca, are deceased; the former died 
February 4, 1800, and the latter September 10, 
1802. Those living are — Thomas E., Nathan 
]\[., ]'^lizabeth, wife of I!enjamin Ti. Dewees, 
Joshua and Elnia .Tane. The father died Au- 
gust 24, 1855, and is buried in the McL)aniel 
cemetery, Nottingham Towiisiiip, beside liis 
deceased children. He was a consistent 
member of the Society of Friends, as is also 
Mrs. Scott. Our subject, Thomas E. Scott, 
the oldest living child, was but live years old 
when his parents came to this county, and he 
was reared amid all the scenes of pioneer 
life, llu was married October 25, 1803, to 
Miss Amanda E. Chandler, of English an- 
cestry. Her father was from Massachusetts 
and her mother from Connecticut. The 

aHM ? Ai Jf »el^ a: *?« '*^'? «t?5* Mi« 



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I'iitlitT (licul ill ltuii(luli>li C.'ijiiiity, Iiidiiiiia, in 
184:0, ;inil licr iiiutlior is liviiiir at l^on^r Prairif, 
Todd County, JMiiinesota. ^Ir. and .Mr>. 
Scott liiivc liad three children, of whom uiic, 
Geneva May, died August 8, 1884. Tlioac 
living are — Stanton Arth\ir, who resides at 
Long Prairie, ^Minnesota, and Chuence (). 
Mv. Scott belongs to the Society of Friends, 
and is a Itepiililican in politics. Mrs. Scott 
is a ineniher of tlic Baptist denouiination. 
Stantiin Scott was an Old-Line ^Vldg and an 
Aliolitioiiist. He was a cousin to E. ]\L 
Stanton, who was Secretary of War. Tlioinas 
E. took the census of ^'ottinghani Township 
in 1880. Li 1882 he was nominated for 
county commissioner, but declined the ]>rof- 
fered honor, lie was a delegsitn to and at- 
tended the llepublican State Convention in 


LN'OS WIXFIELD ]>EE, junior 
^"|.!.v/ \ mcml)er of the law firm of France 6c 
^c'Ht^ Lee, of llluli'ton, was Inirn Koveinbei- 
17, 1S53, in Wayne County, Indiana, but was 
reared in Randolph County. He remained 
on the home farm until eighteen years of age, 
and up to that time had attended the district 
schools of his neighborhood. At the age of 
eighteen years he entered the higb school at 
"Winchester, Ilandolph County, from which 
he graduated in the class of 1878. In 1874: 
be attended the Lebanon College, at Lebanon, 
Ohio, and during 1875 and '76 he attended 
the Normal School at Winchester, and during 
this time read law in the evenings, under 
General Thomas M. B.-own and John E. Nett', 
of "Winchester. Mr. Lee was married near 
Ihintsville, in Kandolpli County, May 22, 
187f), to ]\[iss Phoel)e E. (4addis, a daughter 
of Flisha P. and Lydia E. (Macy) (iaddis. 
Of the three children born to tlii* union only 

one is living, named Koscoe II. Lena A. 
died in infancy August 27, 187U, aiul Arthur 
v.. died September 10, 1S8'2, ageil over two 
years. Air. Lee was admitted to the bar at 
Muncie, Indiana, in 1880, whei-e be practiced 
law until 1881. He then came to I'lutiton 
and was engaged in the jjractice of his chosen 
profession alone until 1884, when he formed 
a partnership with C. M. France, with whom 
he has since been associateil under the iirm 
name of France & Lee. In politics Mr. Lee 
was formerly a (ireenbacker, but in 18S5, 
seeing the inevitable dissolution of that Jiarty, 
he became a Democrat. In 1878 he was a 
candidate for Congress as the nominee of the 
Greenback i)arty for the Si.\th District, re- 
ceiving the largest vote on the Greenback 
ticket. In 1882 he was nominated on the 
same ticket for .Vttorney-General for the 
State of Indiana, receiving a very compli- 
mentary vote. In 1884 he was again the 
nominee of the Greenback ])arty for Congress- 
man for the Eleventli District, which he 
declined to accept. Air. Lee is a member of 
Aluncie Lodge, No. 137, K. of r.,of Muncie. 
In her religious faith Mrs. Lee is a Univers- 
alist, and belongs to the church of tliat 
denomination at Piluli'ton. 


OIIN 11. CBUM, Esq., of Banner City, 
was born near llarrisburg, Dauphin 
County, Pennsylvania, January 14,1848, 
son of Samuel and Mary (Brehm) Cruni, also 
natives of Pennsylvania. John II. was an 
only child, and wlieii his mother died he was 
but two and a half years of age. For his 
second wife Samuel nuu'ried Elizabeth Sliupe, 
and in 1803 the family came to AVells Coun- 
ty, locating in Pock Creek Township, where 
the father still resides. After coming to 
Indiana Mr. CiMim was again married, his 

wa»ij*!i,»J- g». »r,t.T»T»«.»«M"M gir^eT' 

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tliiril wile hoiii^' lOlmiiia Swai-tz, wliusc ])ar- 
cnts wi'i'u iiati\Tij ol' Penusylviinia, in wliieli 
State .slii: also was liorii. Tlir}' have had 
I'ciiir cliildreii, tlirce ot' A\lK>in are living — 
]<]li, J^iiiaiiuel and i)avid. .luliii was four- 
teen years of ajj;e wlien lie eanie to tliis 
eounty. He lias lieeii educated here, and 
tor several years has been engaged in agri- 
cultural puisnits, altlionL;li he tanylit sclmol 
lor some time jirevioiis to his marriage. 
This event occnrre<l in April, l.'^70, ]\Iirs 
Alice (lardeiiour liecoining his wife. After 
marriage they came to the farm which was 
iiurchased by ]\Ir. ('rum in 180'J, upon a por- 
tion of which the new town of lianner is 
located, and along which the Chicago & At- 
lantic Kailroad passes. In 1884 Mr. C'rum 
built his fine farm house, adjacent to the 
village of J]annei\ They have six children — 
Franklin, (Jharles, Delbert, Kttie, Attie and 
Iva. In 18S2 Mr. Crum was elected justice 
of the peace of his townshipj and re-elected 
ill ISSC). :Mrs. t'ruin died January 9, 1887, 
and her remains were interred in St. John's 
cemetery, Union Township. I'or several 
months Mr. Crum has been engaged in 
the insurance business, wliich, with the 
ilnties of his otiice, keeps him l)usily oin- 

.T:i.,EMUEL RACIIELOR, farmer,livingone 
M Cy? mile south of liliitfton, was born in 
^?^ Ashtabula ('minty, Ohio, September 23, 
1820, tliu eldest son of i-azil and Nancy 
(Jeilerson) liachelor, who had a family of 
seven children — Lemuel, Ira, Bazil, Alonzo, 
Iilioda, Lucy and Alinira, all living except 
Ira and Almira. Of those living Bazil, 
Alonzo and Klioda reside in Union County, 
and Lucy in Franklin County, Ohio. The 
father was a native of ^Massachusetts, born 

March 15, 17'JB, a son of Lemuel liachelor, 
\\\\i) was of iMiglish ancestry, and died March 
12, ISC'J, in Wells County, Indiana. The 
mother was born A' o\ ember 21, 17'J5, in 
liutlaiid C(junty, Vermont, and dieil i\Iarcli 
24, 1883. She was a daughter of Jere- 
miah Jefferson, who was a second cousin of 
President Thomas Jetferson and of English 
descent. The parents were married in New 
York and moved to Ashtaluila County, Ohio, 
Novemlier 7, ISl'J, where the father followed 
milling and fanning for many years. Mr. 
liaehelor, the subject of this sketch, passed his 
early youth in assisting his father on the 
farm and in attending the subscription 
scliools. lie remained with his parents until 
his marriage, which occurred ^lai'cli 4, 
1843, with Miss Louisa J. Richardson, of 
Cayuga County, New York, a daugliter of 
Richai'd Richardson, who came to Ohio when 
Mrs. Raclielor was a child. Our subject 
followed farming in Ashtabula, his native 
County, tmtil 1854, when he moved to AYells 
Count}', having purciiased a farm in Jackson 
Township the year before he settled on it, 
and cleared and improved the farm until it 
was among the best in the township. He 
remained on this farm until he was elected 
county treasurer in 1874, when he left the 
farm and moved to Bluffton to assume the 
duties of liis office, and at the expiration of 
his term in 1870 was re-elected and filled the 
ofiiee to the entire satisfaction of the j)eople, 
no man evei- having been more faithful to his 
trust. After the expiration of the four years 
in otiice he retired to his farm south of Lluff- 
toii, where he and his estimable wife are 
enjoying the accumulations of many years of 
hard labor. They have had seven children, 
si.x of whom are living — Morris, "Willie, 
Andrew (deceased), Edwin, JIary, wife of 
E. A. Smith, Cassie, wife of Elias Davis, and 
Etta, wife of l>erijaniin Men<lenliall. Air. 

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uiiil Mrs. JJaclit'liir arc Imtli inciiihcrs of tlio 
Jiaiitit^t clilU'cli, and jmlitically lie atliliates 
with the 1 )ciii()LTatir part)', huing time to his 
Jefl'ersoliiau ancestry. In ISdS the jjareiits 
of "SVy. JJachehji- came to Wells Lkmnty to li\e 
with him, where the father passed the remain- 
der of his days; the mother afterward re- 
tnriied to Ohio and died at the home of her 
(laughter IJhoda. In addition to serving as 
treasurer of his comity two terms he was 
jnbtice of the ])eaec for twelve years and 
township trustee two years of Jackson Town- 
ship. ,\[r. JJachclor's enterprise and fore- 
thonght has always been a marked character- 
istic of his life. ^V notalile incident was his 
Vote in 1^S72 to aid the Toledo, Thorntown it 
iSt. Lonis Jiailroad, when tlie question was suh- 
initted to a vote of the county, he being the 
only man in his town»hip who had the 
courage to stand alone and vote his convic- 
tions, believing then as now that the general 
good of the jieople should lie the object in all 
public (juestions, and now tliose who were 
ojiposed to the measifre admit the wisdom of 
his course, as tlie result of the agitation of 
that enterprise finally resulted in the con- 
struction of the ]iresent Toledo, St. Louis A: 
Jvausas City Railroad. 

^^UJUAIIAM W. JOHNSON, of Harrison 

iir%> 1'<JWiiship, was born in the township of 
—,;" Darlington, Jieaver County, I'ennsyl- 
vania, July 1-4, 1814, son of Robert and Susan 
(liradtieldj Johnson. The father was a son 
of .Vbraham Johnson, of Scotch and Irish an- 
ce^tiy; liis wife was formerly liachel 
McCamnion, a native of Ireland and of Scotch 
descent. The mother of our subject was a 
daughter of Edward Hradfield, who was born 
in Wales, and immigrated to this country 

when twenty years v\' age, settling in Phil- 
adelphia, wlu're he followed shoeiiiaking. 
lie married ^^[al■y Hootli, of Norfolk, ^'ir- 
giiiia, and (jf iMiglish ancestry. Robert John- 
sun was born and reared in AVashingtou 
County, Rennsylvania. He removed to Bea- 
ver County, where he learned the shoema- 
ker's trade with Edward P>railtiekl, and 
married his daugliter in New Lisbon, Ohio. 
He worked at his trade in Reaver County 
until 18-47, when he came to this county to 
make his home, and died at the advanced 
age of eighty-live years. His wife died ten 
years previous, at the age of seventy-live 
years. Our subject was reared on a farm, 
receiving a limited education in the sub- 
scription schools of the early day. He re- 
nuiined with his parents until he reached his 
majority, and September 24, 1837, entered 
IGO acres of land in Harrison Township, 
lie then went to Huntington County, re- 
maining one year, then returned to AVells 
County and began to clear and improve his 
farm. There were but few settlers on the 
AVabash River at that time. He was mar- 
ried May 7, 1840, to Aliss Jane S., daughter 
of Daniel and Sarah Henderson, who was 
born in Eayette County, Ohio. Her parents 
removed from Virginia to Ohio in an early 
day. Slie came to this county in 1839. ilr. 
and Mrs. Johnson have had ten children, all 
of whom are living-Isaac N., Rebecca J., 
Catherine E., Harriet A., Mary M., Louis 
]\I., John W., Maggie B., Walter B. and Ros- 
coe C. Isaac N. was wounded while serving 
his country during the late war, which dis- 
abled him for life. In 18-40 he sold his farm 
and removed to Bluffton, where he lived ten 
years, then purchased his present farm in 
Harrison Township, which contains 110 acres 
of land, situated one mile west of Bliifi'ton. 
Mr. Johnson has served as constable and as 
deputy sheriff for many years. In 1850 he 




was ii[ij)(iii)tL<l appraiser ot' real estate. He 
ami liis wife are active nicinhers of tlie Bap- 
tist cliiircli, ami he is a Republican in jiolitics. 

c lirdt white woman who settled in 
*^''-,!>a^ Wells County, was born in AVythc 
County, Viri^inia, June 10, 1801. Novem- 
ber 10, 1S32, she and her linsband, Henry 
J\lillei', settled on the farm where they lived 
until her death. From the time of her Jir- 
rival here until the 4th of .iune following she 
saw but one white woman. Mr. and Airs. 
Aliller lived tifty-four years without a death 
occurrini^ -in their house; then, August 1, 
1877, slie died. At that time all her ten 
children were living except the youngest son, 
wdio died in Andersonville prison. 

'% Yfi Keystone, was born in Chester Town- 
'^^ ship, this county, May 11, 1851, son of 
Wesley H. and' Eliza Ann (Grove) iladdox. 
His father was born in Highland County, 
Ohio, of English descent, and his mother was 
born ill Fairlield County, same State, her 
parents being early settlers in that county. 
J'>oth came to Indiana with their parents 
when young, the parents of the father settling 
in Harrison Township, Rlackford County, 
and those of the mother, in Harrison Town- 
ship, AVells County. Roth families found 
their land covered with a heavy growth of 
timber, and both started to make clearings 
and erect necessary buildings. Wesley H. 
Ijouditland in C'iicster Township, section 36, 
about 1845 or 1846, and in 1849 he was 
married.. He is still a resident of the town- 
ship, but his wife died Alay 9, 1874. Lean- 

dcr ]•]. was reared in Chester Township, and 
lias always made that townshi[) his home 
with the t^Kceptiun ot' six years' residence in 
jS'ewville. lie commenced his education in 
the common school at the Afaddux school- 
house, section 36, Chester Township, and at 
the age of lifteen years commenced attending 
the school of Rrofessor J. S. McCleary, 
where he studied three or four terms. He 
then went to Liber College, Jay County, and 
attended there two year.s. In 1871 he com- 
menced tlic study of medicine with Dr. 
Dostcr, of Roneto, and attended the medical 
department of tlie Michigan State University, 
at Ann .Vrbor, 1873-'74-'75, graduating the 
last AV'^ednesday of March, 1875. He then 
went to A'^era Cruz and commenced the prac- 
tice of his profession. In 1881 he settled in 
Keystone, where he has since practiced, and 
he is the only physician in Chester Township. 
He was married Atigust 20, 1871, to Miss 
JIary E. Newman, a native of Huntington 
Connty, this State, and daughter of John and 
Lydia Newman. They have two children — 
Myrtle and Katie. Rolitieally the doctor is 
a Republican. He is a member of Rlufl'ton 
Lodge, No. 142, A. F. A: A.M. His mother 
was the first school-teacher in Chester Town- 
ship, and the first lady teaclier in Wells 

imHXAII HALL, one of the earliest 
M'U and most prominent settlers of Wells 
■^i^ County, was Ijoru in Waliingford, Con- 
necticut, December 13, 1809. His early life 
M-as spent in the Eastern and Southern States, 
being for several years in the employ of an 
Eastern clock manufactory. July 27, 1836, 
he married Aliss Abigail Blatchley, moved 
the same year to Ohio, and in May, 1837, to 
Wells County, where he passed the remain- 

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(ler ot" his litb. lie was tlu- lirst treasurer 
ut' lliis eounty, ami (•(nitiiUK'il in that dtiiee 
twelve years. Discharging tlio duties of that 
position in pioneer titiies, lie mailo his return 
to Indianapolis on horseback, having oi'ten 
to swim the streams, and generally re(juiring 
a week or ten days to make the trip. His 
oxen were sometimes employed hy the neigh- 
hors in taking their grists thnjugli woods 
and marshes all the way to (ireeiiville, Ohio, 
a distance of aljout Ht'ty miles, to he ground. 
That was then the nearest mill to this cmmty. 
The same oxen drew the logs for the building 
on the site of lihili'ton- tlie tavern kept by 
Almon Case. ^Ir. Hall was generally occu- 
]ned upon liis farm, and was for a time en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits. He was a 
social, genial man, and in almost any com- 
pany he was the " noblest Roman of them 
all." He died February 28, 1S72, leaving a 
wife and two children. The widow still sur- 
vives, residing in lllulfton, a venerable land- 
mark of early days, and now in her seventy- 
eighth year. The children are — Rcna, the 
wife of .Fohn Bayha, a real estate broker in 
Kansas City, iHssouri, and Adnah, a resident 
of IMntl'ton. 

r:I LMAJI CRAIG, of Ossian, was born 
.;:,., r,y,,i .,1 Jolmstonc, Rcii f rc wsli i rc, near 
I'tp?^ Glasgow, Scotland, February 11, 
1824, a son of AVilliam and Jcnnette (Robin- 
son) Craig, who immigrated to America in 
1S28, and settled at Troy, JS'ew York, where 
they remained four years, then removed to 
London, Ontario, in 1832. The Craigs made 
a pei'manent location in tliis township July 
12, 1838, where the parents remained until 
death. Their three eldest children that still 
survive are residents of this county, ^[r. 
Craicr well remembers the first train of cars 

that ever passed o\ei' a lini' of road in jMich- 
igan. The date was .Inly I, l.^^iS. The train 
left Detroit and stoiijied at Ypsilanti, that 
l)eing the terminus of what is now the iliehi- 
gan Centi-al. The farm ujion wiiich the Craig 
faniily settled is now owned by AVarren ilills. 
The father erected the second log cabin in 
Jefferson Township in the autumn of 1837. 
Robert Craig, a l)rother of our subject, came 
with his wife the same year, and the brothers 
entered adjoining tracts. The cabin of Robert 
being first completed for occuj)ancy, made his 
the first actual settlement in the township, 
lie removed with his family to Illinois a few 
years later. The father was the first natural- 
ized citizen of Jefferson Township, and was 
one of the best known men in the county. 
His death occurred in 1S()3, and his wife 
survi\ed him eight years. They were the 
parents of five children — William, Jennette, 
Lucy (deceased), Robert (deceased), and 
David. Jennette is the widow of Dr. AVill- 
iam Johnston; David is a fanner, mari-ied 
Jliss Eliza Salter, ami they reside near Os- 
sian; they have (jiie daughtei- — Maggie, wife 
of Harry Deam, of lilnll'ton, whose grand- 
father, John Deam, was one of the first set- 
tlers of the county. Our subject married 
Margaret, daughter of Robert and i[ary A. 
(Stout) McConncll, natives of Kew Jersey, 
in which State Mrs. Craig was born October 
4, 1827. Their marriage occurred April 11, 
1850, at the home of the bride's parents, in 
Jefferson Township. The young couple began 
domestic life upon a farm, and have followed 
that occupation to some extent. Mr. Craig 
has also been a merchant of Ossian, but now 
lives a retired life in the village of Ossian, hav- 
inLT sufficient means to render him independent. 
They have four children — Robert J., who has 
attained the age of twenty-one; Walter M., 
who married Anna Hatfield; Frank jSI. an<l 
Jennie. The latter is a graduate of the Os_ 



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siaii Iligli Scliool, ;iiiil is yiow n tcii(;lier in tlie 
jjriinary de]j;irtiiifiit of tliat .-chool. The lirst 
eloL'tidii held in the tmvnsliij) was at the lionse 
of William ('raii^. Ranuiel Sanl ^Ve.ston was 
elected jn^tieeof the peaee, and ,1. K. Zejie\er, 
township clerk. Itoliert iluriis, the poet, 
was a near neiirlihor of ^Mi-. ('i-aiir's ci'and- 
]iarents, and Mr. C'l-aio- was horn in the same 
nei^-hhorhood, and was familiar with the 
country which formed the tojiics of his 
fanions poems. 

^^OIIN SII()K^rAKER, farmer, section 5, 
liariMSon Township, was horn in (..'olnin- 
hiana County, Ohio, Octoher 22, ISII), 
Son of William and Betsey (AVelker) Shoe- 
luaker, the former a initive of ^Maryland 
anil a s<ji) of John Shocnnd<er, who was horn 
in England, and the latter a daugliter of 
John AVelker, who was born in Pennsyh'ania 
of (ierman ancestry. When our snhject was 
a cliild his mother died, and he went to live 
with his grandparents, with whom he resided 
until he was nineteen years of age. lie 
tlien went to learn the blacksmith's trade, 
and received s2.50 per month for his time 
foi' two years. lie then worked as ionrney 
man for one year, after wdiicli he engaged in 
business for himself at Frederick, Mahoning 
Cwunty, Ohio, and followed his trade success- 
fully for twelve years. In 1854 he came to 
AVells County and worked at his trade in 
IJhilfton. lie remained there until 1804, 
wdien he moveil to his present farm of 200 
acres of unimproved land on sections 5 and 8, 
Ilan'ison Township. He now has one of the 
best improved farms in the county. His resi- 
dence and farm buildings ai'C large and com- 
modious. In 1868 the first tile factory in 
the county was starteil on his farm, which 
was operated until 1884, manufacturing large 

ipiantitics from whicii Wells and adjoining 
counties received their su])ply for sevei-al 
year.-. _Mi-. .'<lioeni;da'r was nnirried ^larch 
17, 1SI2, to .Miss RHchel, daughter of J, dm 
and Catherine (l\'line) Johnson, natives of 
IVnn-ylvania, the former of p]nglisli, and the 
latter of (ierman ancestry. Mrs. Shoemaker 
was born in iieaver County, Tennsylvania, 
Ajuil S, 1S25, ami removed with her par- 
ents to Ohio when ten years of acre. In 
18(J4 Mr. and Mrs. Shoemaker scttle<l upon 
their farm, and by hard labor and good man- 
agement have ac(piired a large property. 
They have had ten children, eiglit of whom 
are living — Warren K., liruce \V., ,Iohn J., 
Taylor !■'., Jane, Harriet, Ella Lizzie. Mr. 
and ,Mrs. .Shoem;iker arc mendiei's of the 
Christian church, and politically Mr. Shoe- 
maker is a Itcnnblican. 

j|?SATIIAN CORY, farmer, .Nottinghart> 
•V L/i Township, was born in Henry County, 
"^'v^, Indiana, November 11, 1831, son of 
Daniel and Mary (Howard) Cory, the former 
a native of Ross County, Ohio, and tiie latter 
of Virginia. Joseph Cory was liorn in 
AVales, and at an early day came to America 
and located in Kentucky. Afterward re- 
moved to Ohio, where he I'eared his family 
and died at an advanced age. His son, Nathan 
Cory, was born June 24, 1776, and married 
Sarali Wright, i'oth died near Frankfort, 
Ross County, Ohio. They liad a family of 
twelve children, of whom I)aniel was the 
eleventh. Daniel C'ory was married to Mary 
Howard in Ross County, and about 1825 
they i-emoved to Henry County, Indiana, 
being eai'ly settlers of that county. The 
father died there in 1873, and the mother in 
August, 1872. Nathan was reared to farm 
life in his native county, antl was married 






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tliore, August U, ISfjl, t.. Mi>s Kli/.iibotli ' 
lIooNXT, a native of !Uall(p)'(l Coiinty, I'l'iiii- 
sylvaiiia, and ilaiii^'liter of (iein'ge P. ami 
Harbara lloo\ei-. Ilcr father \vas lioni in 
jieilfunl (''iiinty. ami her iiinther in Iliiiitiiig- 
ton Cuiint\', same State. 'I'liey reniciv(>(l to 
Ileiii-y ( "oiinty, liKliaiia, in lb il, where her 
father died June ~l, IbT'.t, and her mother, 
June 25, 1S7S; the foianer was born June 29, 
1810, and the latter, Sejiteniber 1, iSll. 
After their marriage Mr. and .Mrs. Cory 
remained in Henry County until 1^5.", wdien 
they decided to reino\c to Kansas. Taking 
with them what honsehuld elfect.s were neces- 
sary, they started with wagon and team, 
camping out at night, and after a journey of 
four weeks, reached Jetler.-on County, Kansas. 
The next season they removed to Lyon 
County, where .Mr. Cory had taken up KiO 
acres of lanil. This was all wild prairie and 
the country was new. Indians were far more 
plenty than stock, ami the nearest neigId)or 
was four miles distant. It was 110 miles 
to a mill, and conseijucntly very little milling 
was done. !Mr. Cory purchased eighty 
acres of timber, and remained on his land 
during the exciting scenes of lS56-'57, known 
as the Kansas and ilissouri trouble. Then 
the civil war broke out, with all its horrors, 
and I'ebrnary 14, 1804, while the family was 
absent from home, the house was burned and 
nearly all its contents were consumed by tho 
tlaines. It was supposed to have been the 
work of Indians. In lS05 he exchanged his 
farm for the one he now occupies in Notting- 
ham Township, and i-eturned to Henry 
County. Four years later he came to this 
county, where he has since resided. Mr. 
and Mrs. Cory have had nine children, of 
whom one, Klva L., is deceased. Those 
living are — John .Milton, wdio resides in Lane 
County, Kansas; ]\[arySanuintha, who married 
George Kirkwood; Joseph Henry, now a 

resident of Jay County; Jiarbara Lcanna, 
wife of Amos Mel 'anitd, residing in JS'otting- 
ham Township; Ll.-ie Jane, wdio married 
'William Harnes and re.-ides in Jay County; 
Elza X., Snsio K., and .Michael Sylvester. 
]\Ir3. Ciiry it- a member of the (ierinan iiaptist 
church. In politics Mr. Cory is a Democrat, 
and has sei'ved liis township in various capac- 
ities. During the time of Ceneral Price's 
raid, .Ml'. ('iii'V was calleil out fur thirty days 
service, and w\\\\ aimut 30,000 men from 
Kansas, thev met l'ri(,'e at ^lound City, and 
took 500 pi-is, Miers in a corn-field. AVlien he 
returned home he was again called out to 
protect the settlement from the Indians, w ho 
liad broken in during their absence and hail 
killed fourteen men, w<imen and children, 
and was out ab(jut one week. 

"icl/M) '* '^ native of "Wells County, Indiana, 
l'=i>'3!?] born near Ossian, April 1, ISrtl, a 
son of "William and Hannah (Toy) Swaim. 
They were the parents of five children, four 
sons and one daughter, our subject being the 
youngest. The father was killed at the 
battle of Champion Hills, Mississippi, ilay 
10, 1803, while serving as Lieutenant-l'olonel 
of the Thirty-fourth Indiana Infantry. The 
subject of this sketch was reared at Ossian, 
where he attended the graded school, com- 
pleting his education at Fort Wayne College, 
Fort AVayne, Indiana. He was then in the 
fall of 1S81 engaged to teach in the graded 
schdol at Blutfton, and taught one school 
year. In the fall of 1882 he entered the law 
department of the Michigan State Univers- 
ity at Ann Arbor, Michigan, and graduated 
from that institution in the class of 1884 
with the degree of B. L. He then returned 
to Bluti'toii and became associated with his 


lirotlitT Daviil in the ])r;ic'ticc of law, thus 
foniiiiii,' tlie ])l■t:■^ellt law iinn of Swaiiii i^ 
Swaiin. In |ii.litic.s ^^^. Swaitii casts liis 
siiiriaij;c witli tlu' I Icjtiililicaii part}', lie is a 
iiieiniiLT of tiiu Mutliiidist Kiiiscopal clmruli 
at Ijluft'tuii, anil a liiglily respected citiiccn of 
AVells Cuiinty. 

^j,Lj nent and iutliieiitial citizen of Wells 
^^ County, is a native of Lycoming Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, born near Ilughsville, De- 
cember ~0, IS 10. Li his eiglith year lie was 
taken by his parents to A\^ayne County, Ohio, 
they settling on a farm near Wooster. His 
father being a carpenter, lie was reared to 
that trade, at whicli he worked until 1847. 
lie was married ]\ray -i, 1S41, to JMary M. 
Sliarp, who is of Irish ancestry, and was boi'ii 
and reared (_in the same farm in AVa^-ne 
County, Chio, where she lived till her mar- 
riage. Of the si.\ children born to this 
union only two are living — Horace L., fore- 
man in the Bannev printing office at Bluff- 
ton, and Arline, wife of Hon. J. H. C. Smith, 
State Senator and attorney at law at Blulf- 
ton. Helen died in 184:6, aged over two 
years; Albert Howard died at tlie age of 
fourteen months; Ella died aged eight years, 
and dames S. died in Septemlier, 1870, in 
his twent3--nintli year. In 1847 Mr. Wisner 
came to IJlutfton, Wells County, Indiana, 
where he was engaged in contracting and 
building until December, 1855. He was then 
appointed deputy clerk of the Circuit Couit of 
Wells County by (ieorge jMcDowell, under 
whom he served four years. In 1859 lie was 
elected clerk of the Circuit Court of A\'^ells 
County, and re-elected in 1803, serving eight 
years. In 1867 he was made deputy clerk 
of the Circuit Court by liis successor. Dr. 

James 11. McCleery, and served under him 
until Api-il, 1.S74, when he was appointed l)y 
the lioai-d of cdunty ronimissioners to fill the 
vacancy in that ollicc caused Ijy the death of 
Dr. .Mc(!leciy, and was also commissioned 
by (iovernor Tlionias A. Hendricks, servimr 
as clerk of the Circuit Court until the follow- 
ing November. From the fall of 1880 until 
1882 he served as deputy clerk under AV. J. 
Craig, having been in the clerk's olKce either 
as principal or deputy for over twenty-one 
years. Mr. AVisner served as deputy county 
ti'easurer undei- County Treasurer Lemuel 
Bachelor from September, 1875, until De- 
cember, 1878, and served in the same capacity 
under his successor, Lawson Popejoy, from 
December, 1878, until June, 1879, since 
which time he has been variously engaged. 
He is a ^Master and Koyal Arch ilason, beincr 
a member of the lodge and chapter at IJluff- 
ton, and has served his lodge as worshijifnl 
master for six years. He is a charter mem- 
ber of his chapter, being its first high priest, 
which position he has filleil for live years. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. AVisner have reached a 
good old age, and are enjoying that rest which 
is the reward of a well-spent life. They are 
members of the Baptist church at Blutftoii, 
of which he has lieen a deacon for years. 

,ENRV MlLLEIl was I. 

in Carter 

f^|\ County, Tennessee, March 2, 1802, a 

TS^ii son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Miller) 
]\Iiller, and died at his residence in Lancaster 
Township June 25, 1882, aged eighty years, 
three months and twenty- three days. In 
priority of settlement he was the oldest set- 
tler of AVells County at the time of his death. 
He nnide his home near where Murray now 
stands, November 10, 1832, having been pre- 
ceded by only a few men, viz: Mr. Norcross 


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Dr. Xiiox aiul llobei't ]I;ir\oy. Ileru lie pnr- 
cli:ise<l tliu lanil cm \\liicli lie li\cil aliiinst 
lit'ty years. He \\a.< imiteil in marriage in 
Union (\>unt_v, Iiuliana, April ITi, lS'2:!, to 
Catherine Seek, who was luuai in 'J'ennessee 
June 10, 1801, and dieil .Viio; 1, 1S77. 
To tliem were born ten cliildreii — .]ohn, u 
resident ofKansas; ]\Irs. ]\Ielinda Frybuck, 
of Jlichigan; ^Irs. ilatilda Matthews, of 
I'lnti'ton; Daniel, livinji; in Illinois; Simon, 
of AVells County, Indiana; ^[rs. Elizalieth 
Harvey, living at ^Murray; Henry and Adam, 
living in Kansas; AViUiani, deceased; ]\Irs. 
Catherine AVeaver, of Daneaster Township. 
Four of the sons, Adam, William, Simon and 
Daniel, served as soldiers during the war of 
tlie Rebellion, and "William died in Ander- 
sonville prison. ]\[r. Miller was an enter- 
prising and public-spirited citizen of AVells 
(lounty, and was always active in anything 
having for its object the advancement of his 
township or county, building churches and 
school-houaes, roads and bridges. Few men 
have been more favorably kn(^wn for gener- 
ous, kindly hospitality. He was not wealthy, 
but always had ]>lenty and to spare to those 
less fortunate. He practiced the Christian 
virtues of love and charity toward all, and 
was beloved and esteemed by all who knew 

;r»SlIILIP SHADLE, an active and enter- 
|§f prising farmer of Chester Township, is 
^t a native of Pennsylvania, born in Leb- 
anon County, April 14, 1S25. His parents, 
Philip and ]\Iary (McGlade) Shadle, were 
natives of the same State, the father born in 
Center County, the mother having been 
brouirht from Ireland to Dauphin County 
by her parents when two years old. They 
were married in Dauphin County, and subse- 

quently removed to Lebanon County, where 
they made their Ikjuu; for thirty-five years. 
They thou rrinoved to Wayne County, Ohio, 
in I'^'M'i. and one year latri- removed to Holmes 
County, Ohio, where they resided from the 
sprinyof 1838 until thefall of 1S47. The father 
then traded his Ohio proijerty for 110 acres 
of wild land in AVells Count}-, Indiana, to 
which place he removed. Pi'oeuring a cabin 
to move in he went to hewing logs for a 
hewed log house, he being a carpenter by 
trade, this being the first house of tlie kiml 
built in tliat section of t!ie county. Philip 
Shadle, the subject of this sketch, grew to 
manhood in "Wayne and Holmes counties, 
Ohio, and was married in "Wayne County, 
Ohio, August 7, IS 15, to ^Miss ilargaret 
Donnelly, a nativeof Dauiihin County, Penn- 
sylvania, a dauohter of John and Fannie 
(Singer) Donnelly, who were also natives of 
tlie State of Pennsylvania. They left their 
native State for Wayne County, Oliio, about 
1835, and in 1850 removed to Holmes Coun- 
ty, where they lived until their death. Jlr. 
and ^Mrs. Shadle have had fifteen children 
born to them, of whom twelve yet survive — 
Mary Jane, wife of "Winfiekl Venliam; Zilla, 
wife of J. M. "Venham, now living in Sacra- 
mento "Valley, California; William; Newton; 
Lusetta, wife of John Godfrey; Reason A., 
Ellen, Samuel, John, Eli, Oscar and Ada. 
Those deceased are — Chambers, Lissa and 
Philip. Mr. Shadle came to Wells County 
with his family the year following his father's 
settlement in the county, and located on a 
tract of fifty-five acres of the old homestead. 
The first year he made his home with his 
parents, and the following year put up 
an addition to the old house. His mother 
died in January, 1855, his father surviving 
until 1874. He followed carpentering the 
greater part of his life, our subject attending 
to the duties of the farm. Mr. Shadle has 




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always lieen uri iiidustriuus citizen, and since | 
ecnning to the county lias cleai-ed nnicli land, j 
and is now the <iwiier oF IS.'J acres, ot'wliich ! 
150 acres is cleared, and this, with the ex- 
ception of ahont twentv-iive acres, has l)een 
t-lone by himself with the assistance of his 
sons. ..Mr. and Mrs. Shadle are mendiers of 
the United Presbyterian church at AVarren. 
^^r. Shadle has always taken an acti\-e in- 
terest in the public affairs of his township or 
county, and has serveil liis township elKcientl}' 
as trustee in all si.v years, tilling that |)osition 
when considerable tact was re(|uired to bring 
the finances of the township tea proper con- 
dition. In politics he is a Republican, and for 
a number of yeais was chairman of the lle- 
publicau committee in Chester Township, 
lie is a luominent and iiiliuential man in 
('hester Township, ami during his long resi- 
dence in the county has gained the coniidence 
and respect of all who know him. 

|"JT-^^:\rAZIAII SHIELDS, tarmor, Chester 
)//v\i I'lJ^vuship, Avas born in tluit township 
~;:~ ^[ay 8, 1S5S, son of William and Piier- 
iba (Hunt) Shields. The father was born in 
CMinton ()'i\inty, Ohio, January 10, ISIK, of 
Irish ancestry. He was jx'ared in iiis native 
County, and was there ni;irried .lune 2S, 18-13, 
to ^liss Pheriba Hunt, born in (iuilford, 
Jsortli Carolina, and daughter of Thomas and 
Lydia (AVilson) Hunt, who reniovetl to AN^iyne 
County, Indiana, when she was live years old. 
Her inotlier died in Wayne County, and her 
father afterward removed to Randolph Coun- 
ty, where he passed the remainder of his 
days. Mr. and Mrs. "William Shields re- 
moved to Wells County, Indiana, in 1843, 
locating on a farm of eighty acres in Chester 
Township wliich lie had previously purchased. 
They maile a temporary home at tiie house of 

]\[r. Sliielils' brother-in-law, John Lancaster, 
until Mr. Shields had cut down a sulHcient 
numbei' of trees to enable iiim to put up a 
building; and with the logs he then felled he 
constructed his jii-st log cabin in Wells 
County. He moved his family intc; tliis 
pi'imitivc dwelling as soon as the j)nncheou 
floor had been laid, and without waiting tor 
the walls to be daubed, (iame of all kinds 
was })lentifid, deer and wild tni'kcys fre- 
quently coming clear to his house. AVolves 
were Irouldesome and often devoured sheep 
within sight of their owners. Mr. Shields 
was not fond of hunting, but gave his time 
and attention to the clearing of his land and 
cultivating his farm, lie had to go to AVayne 
County for grain, and to Mount liltna for his 
milling. There was no store oi' doctor nearer 
than Camden. A[r. Shields lived, however, 
to see the country cleared up and settled, 
good imj)rovemcnts, railroads, markets, mills 
and other conveniences close at liand. Mr. 
and Airs. Shields were the jjarents of nine 
children, t)f whom two, John AVesley and 
Alouzo, are deceased. John AVesley was a 
mendjer of Comjjany 1, Thirty-fourth Indi- 
ana Infantry, during the late war, and died 
from the severe exposure one year after his 
return. The living childi-en are — Sarah Ann, 
wife of I'^li liryson, resides in Celina, Ohio; 
Thomas Milton nnu-ried .Matilda Ellen Tur- 
ner; Roliert iiKuried Mary Caroline Ellis; 
Alary Elizabeth is the wife of John Iv. Bales; 
Amaziah, Susan C'athorine and I'lsther Lnella. 
William Shields was killed October 19, 18s4, 
while on a visit to AVayne County, by his 
hoises running away. He was a Republican 
in politics, and a member of the Christian 
church at Chester Center. Our subject was 
reared in his native township and educated 
in its schools. He was married April IG, 
1880, to Aliss Sarah Ellen Maddox, a native 
of Chester Township, and daughter of AVes- 

77 .,: ■' 

9 ; 


loy Harvey and Eliza Aim (Grove) ]\[acldo.\'. 
Tu this union two children have heen horn — 
()li\'e May and Claude. rolitically he atiili- 
ates with the lle])ublican party. 

M-j? ceased. It is hut a fitting tribute to the 
"^^^ hero of many battles to mention his 
warlike deeds, and to again revive and keep 
afresh the memories of those who, when 
living, were numbered among the good, the 
ucjble an<l tin true. To speak of those who 
live is but a recognition of their presence, 
bnt to refer to those long since numbered 
with the silent dead, a reverential awe tills 
the minds of those who recognize the worth 
of those we desire to honoi'. Lieutenant Cas- 
ton was boi'n in Snnimit County, Ohio, March 
4, 183S, son of John and Elizabeth (]\Ic- 
Daniel) Caston, natives of I'ennsylvania. 
The parents were married in Ohio and reared 
a family of ten children, others dying in in- 
fancy. They were — David, Alinira, Iliram, 
Harriet, Sarah, Martin, Josephus, Isaac, 
Lo\iisa and Harvey. All reached maturity, 
married and had families, except Isaac, who 
was killed by truerrillas during the late war, 
he having enlisted when seventeen years of 
age in the One Ilundi-ed and fifty-third In- 
diana Infantry. The ]iarents came from Ohio 
tu this county, and located two and a half 
miles northeast of Ossiaii. John Caston was 
a prominent and successful farmer in Jetfer- 
son Townshij), and although a comparatively 
poor man wlien he came, he pnrcliascd a large 
tract of land, and his enterprise and industry 
made him one of the wealthiest farmers in 
Jeti'erson Township. He was an extensive 
dealer in st(jck, taking great pride in breed- 
ing and improving their grade. He also 
ei'ccted two saw-mills. In his death society 

lost a genial, upright man, and one of the 
best citizens of the towiishiji. His second 
wife, forinei-ly Mai-y M. Koons, is a resident 
of Ossian. Three sons were numbered amontr 
the brave soldiers who enlisted from AVells 
County during the late war, two of whom 
were killed, and the tlurd, Iliram Caston, 
was severely wcmnded. He recovered and 
upon his i-eturn from the army was married 
to ]\Iiss Pliiebe Turner, daughter of one of 
the prominent farmers of Allen County. 
Hiram was accidentally killed while digging 
a well in the city of Fort AVayne, in July, 
18S6. Almira Caston married G. W. Stites, 
of Churubusco, Indiana, who was a soldier 
in the late war, engaged principally in hos- 
pital duty, and he now receives a substantial 
pension fi'oni the (Jovernment. Alartin Cas- 
ton married Maggie Cartwright, and tliey 
were the parents of two children. Mrs. Cas- 
ton died, and ilartin mai'riod I'llizabeth C!hal- 
fant, and is a resident of <)ssian. Josephus 
Caston resides upon a jiart of the paternal 
homestead. He married Susan Cartwriglit, 
a sister of his brother ]\Iartin's first wife. 
Louisa Caston nmrried Charles Green, the 
present treasurer of Noble County, this 
State. Harriet nnirried Samuel li. Sturgeon, 
of Ossian, who was a soldier in the civil war. 
He was wounded at the battle of Perryville, 
Kentucky, which niilitted him for further 
service. Harvey, the youngest son, married 
Miss Eliza Trenary, ot' tliiscounty, who died 
January 19, 1SS7. Lieuteiuxnt David Caston 
was a practical scholar, and obtained a classi- 
cal education at Huntington, Indiana. He 
taught school several years in this ami Allen 
counties, his last term being taught after his 
marriage. That event was celebrated April 
•J, ISGl, with ]\Iiss Sarah J. McKessick, 
daughter of Henry and Sarah (Smith) Mc- 
Kessick, liev. AV. N. AVelker, a I>a])tist min- 
ister of Hicksville, Ohio, performing the 

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lltSTonV OI<' llA'/./.N vol NTY 

ucri'iiiuny. Tluit divine also perl'uniicd the 
rites (if lia])tisiii, reccivoii thfiii Imtli into tlic 
llanfihl fliiireli, ami later iireaeiit'il lln' I'lUR'i-al 
(1 i--('iiur.-i' ill iiicniiirv dl' tlic lirave suKlii-r, 
l.iiiitiiiant l)a\icl ('astmi. M rs. Sarah ( 'as- 
tiiii was a teacher iVoi II lier lil'teeiith year, and 
taiii^ht ses'ei'ul terms at'tei' her niari'iage, and 
after the birth of twu cliiklren. Slie has 
tan^-ht tiiirty-uiie terms of sehon], the last 
heihir taught at Slieldon, Allen County, in 
1S71. Her father was Imrii in Irehuid, and 
his jiai'eiits iniiniirrated U> Ameriea in 1791, 
Henry lieing at that time ti\e years of age. 
'I'lie mother was iiorn in Westmoreland 
Cuiiiity, i'ennsylvania, and of (iei'inaii an- 
cestry. She had twelve children, live of wlmm 
are living-- Marifaret, ■lohii, Susan, Melinda 
and Sarah J. Margaret is the widow of 
AVilliam Hull; of Waterfurd, Klkhart Cuunty, 
Indiana, ib seventy-three years of age and the 
mother of ten children; -lohn resides in Holt 
County, Missouri, and mari'ied ]\Iary A. 
Kline, of this cdiinty, and they have four 
children; Susan married Har\-ey Crisswell, 
of Kenton, Ohio, and lias four children; Me- 
linda iie\er married, and I'csides at Ossian; 
"William, now deceased, was a soldier iluring 
the great IJehellion, and was iirominent 
during his lifetime. He was a member of 
Company A, Seventeenth United States In- 
fantry, eidisting August 22, 1SG2. He was 
discliarged by reason of disability August 
22, 1803, but as soon as lie recovered his 
health lie re-enlisted in Company E, One 
Hundred and Fifty-third Indiana Infantry. 
He participated in the battle of Gettysburg, 
and in many of the most noted battles of the 
war. His death occurreil in 187'J at his 
home ill Waterford, Elkhart County, Indi- 
ana. The deceased of this family are — ilrs. 
Eliza Kimble, Robert, ]\[rs. ]\[aria Somers, 
Smith, aged twelve years, Nancy, aged ele\en, 
an<l James, who married Catherine Snyder. 

In his early life l)avid Caston was engaged 
in fanning. ,\iigiist -1, lst)2, lie enlisted as 
a pi'ivate in ('om|iany V, iMghty-eighth Indi- 
ana Iiitaiitry. lie was a])]ioiiited First Ser- 
geant of his comiiany, and was discharged 
November 2S, iMliJ, that lie miglit ;u:ce}it a 
First Lieutenancy in the same company and 
regiment. Ilis regiment was attached to 
the Army of the Tennessee, and partici])ated 
in the noted liattles of rerryviUe, Stone 
ILiver, Chickamauga, C^hattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Alissionary Ridge. AVhere 
shot and shell tilled the air this brave soldier 
fearlessly fought, and escaped all injury ex- 
cept a slight Wound received at L(.iokout 
Mountain, lie was the lirst of his regiment 
to scale Lookout Mountain, and >Mrs. Caston 
has numerous letters testifying to his hero- 
ism. Almost at the close of the war, while 
at the front with his company, at the Itattle 
of Rosaca, this hero w;is mortally wounded 
by a reliel bullet and e.xpired a few moments 
later. Thus died this brave man, who at his 
own reijuest was buried on the Held of battle. 
Later the remains were interred in the 
National Cemetery at Chattanooga, Tennes- 
see. Fpon his jierson was found this verse, 
which fully expressed his wisli: 

" Oil, bury me on llie balUe field, 
Let me sleep with the giillunt slain; 

Tlieie my ymiug life was for my couutry given, 
Let the soldier's dust remaiu. 

There are many will tell how I hravidy fell- 
No laggard was I that day ; 

With a dauntless heart I played my part, 
And pressed where dangers l.iy." 

Far from his wife and children, William D., 
born December 3, 18G2, ami Maggie D. 
(upon whom his eyes never gazed, her birth 
occurriuff after his demise), Lieutenant Cas- 
ton was buried. During his long term of 
service he only once returned home on leave 
of absence. The deatli of the daughter 
occurred when she was four years of age. 

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niuunAPnicAJ. sKhyruiins. 

AVilliain 1). is imw flic liiishaiul nf ^yiiss 
lliittie Dr.iwii, uf "\V:itcrli.o, !iiili;iii;i, the 
iniiiTiajL,'*:' occnrrini;- ^farrh 1, IJSSl. To tlicMn 
liavelieeii Ijorn oiio daiii^fliter, ( ieorgia ( 'eluste, 
April 19, 18^7. They reside witli Mrs. Cas- 
toii ill ( )ssiaii. ]\Irs. Custdii, in her motherly 
kindness, is i-eariiii;- Zorali I'liillips, iier niece, 
and a daugliter of lici- niece, .Mary I'liillips. 

T^REDERK'K IFUFFMAN, a representa- 
Srl tive of one of the pioneer families of 
~i0' Wells County, was horn in Clarke 
County, Ohio, ^[areh 'J, 1S3U, a son of Ileiuy 
and Catherine (^I'aker) Ilnffman. The father 
was hoi'ii in Clarke Comity, ()liio, a son of 
Jacob Ilutfman, one of the early pioneers ot 
that county, who came from ^'il•gillia. Jacob 
Ilutfman took an active part in the early de- 
velopment of Clarke County, and his de- 
scendants in their time have been actively 
identitied with the interests of the same 
county. In the early days of the count}- he 
built a rock house, quarrying the rock and 
burning the lime used in its construction on 
his own place. The house is still standing, 
and is yet in good condition. Henry Huff- 
man grew to manhood in Clarke County, and 
was there married to l'>lizabetli lilbersole, a 
native of Ii(j(d;ingham County, \^ii-ginia. 
She died in Clarke County, and ho subse- 
quently married Catherine Ilaker, a native 
of York County, Pennsylvania, a daughter 
of Freilerick and Catiierine (Iletfner) ihiker, 
an old I'eiinsyh'ania family. They resided 
ill Clarke County until l^l'J, when, packing 
their househohl effects, they came by team to 
Indiana, and after a two weeks' journey tiiey 
came to Jackson Township, Wells County, 
and locateil on a ninety-one acre tract of land 
which lleni-y lIiitTiiian had entered some 
time before. He had also built a small lo"' 

cabin before the family caine to the county, 
which was so low that a pi-rson could not 
stand up straight in it. The land was cov- 
ered with a heavy growth uf timber of which 
not a stick had been cut when purchased by 
Mr. Huffman. (Jame of all kinds was plen- 
tiful in tlaise early days, and wild animals 
roamed the forests, and the howling of the 
wohes was an almost nightly occurrence. 
Mr. Huffman cleared liis land, and added to 
it another forty acres. Though coming here 
when the surrounding country was in a state 
of nature Mr. and J\Ii-s. Huffinan lived to see 
it clianged into well-cultivated fields and 
thriving villages, and to enjoy the comforts 
of life. I'oth are now deceased, the mother 
ilying in September, iSS-t, and the father 
about six weeks later in October cif tlie same 
year. They were members of the (lerinan 
Ijaptist church, and helped to organize the 
Sugar Grose Church, in Jackson Township, 
being instrumental in the erection of the 
church at that place. Fredei-ick Ilntl'man, 
whose name lieads this sketch, was but a 
little over two years of age when liis parents 
came to ^V^ells County, and here he was reared 
on the pioneer farm in Jackson Township, 
passing through many phases of pioneer life, 
and as soon as large enough to handle an a.\ 
he began to assist his father clear his land. 
He made his home with his parents until one 
year after his marriage. He was united in 
marriage November 12, 1847, to Miss Mary 
Ruse, a native of Delaware County, Indiana, 
and daughter of John and Phfpbe (Jennings) 
Ruse, natives of Ohio and Pennsylvania re- 
spectively. Her father died in I^elawai'e 
County while the family were preparing to 
come to AVells County. The mother came 
with her childrtMi and niad(! their home with 
I )aniel Jones, one of the pioneers of Wells 
County. The mother <lied in lSll,and Mrs. 
Huffman was reared in the family of Mr. 


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Jones. Of tlic fight childruii born to ^^^. 
and Mrs. lIiifKnian, only tour ww livini;' 
I'lio'liL' (_;atlu'riiii\ \\\U: of ilcoi'i^c Irirk, ut' 
llnntinutun ( "oniify; t )ct;i\ ia .lane, a teai-lier, 
liavini; tanglit one teian in tlic licmie hclu)ul 
and a turni in 'Wexford C'lomly, Alicdnyan; 
I.ucy Kllfii and Allicrt. Danitd, E/.ekiel, 
Nancy Elizalit-th and .^^al•y Alice are de- 
ccat^ed. In ISyS .Mr. llntfnian eni,'a_i!;ed in 
farniinf on his own acconnt, renting forty 
acres of land adjoining his fatlier's property, 
and there lie resided nntil ISGl. He then 
ronoved to his present farm, where he had 
purchased eighty acres the year before on 
which a small cabin had been built and ten 
acres cleared. In 1870 he erected a large 
anil s\ibstantial residence and other farm 
buildings, and is now the owner of 200 acres 
of choice land, ;dl of which, witli the excep- 
tion of thirty-live acres, he has cleared and 
brought under cultivation, the result of years 
of ]iersevcring toil and industry. I5otli Mr. 
and Mrs. Iluifman are members of the Ger- 
man liaptist church. In politics he attiliates 
with the Democratic party. ]\[ost of his life 
has been spent in "Wells County, where lie is 
widely known and universally respected. 

MASON, J\l. D., was born in Carroll, 
)i 7? Fairlield County, Ohio, November 3, 
%?^® 1S37, and removed with his parents to 
^Vells County, Indiana, April 8, 183S. He 
attended school during the iirst years of life 
at distances varying from five to one and a 
half miles; being brought up a farmer. lie 
attended Liber College, Jay County, Indiana, 
a part of 18G0, ISOl, 18G2 and 18GG. He was 
married to ^liss INI. A. Fitzsimmons August 
3, 18G1. lie read medicine and taught 
school in Indiana and Ohio for several years, 
and afterward attended the Ohio IMedical 

College, graduating in the spring of 1872, and 
also graduated tVcHu the (Mncinnati College 
v( Medicine and Surgery in the spring of 
1N73, but had practiced medicine some time 
before receiving a degree. lie has given his 
undivided attention to the practice of his 
chosen jirofession since receiving a degree. 

/^■A:\II<:S SCOTT, one of the early settlers 
^Jvf! of Union Township, was born in Truni- 
Wf bull County, (.)liio, in 1825, son of John 
and Debby (McCorkle) Scott, the former a 
native of Virginia and the latter of Youngs- 
town, Ohio. They were married in Ohio and 
became the parents of si.x children — James, 
Isabella, Andrew, John, William and Calvin. 
All were born in Ohio. Our subject came 
to "Wells County in 1849, in company with 
John "Wilson and family, James Harris, and 
XancY Horn, all of whom were in one wagon. 
James, then ayoung man, had money enough 
to purchase 160 acres of land on the Indian 
llcserve, which had only been open for settle- 
ment but a short time. His first log cabin 
was built a few feet east of his present iine 
house, and the tall elm which stands in his 
yard has grown from a small sprout that 
came up near the walls. He kept " bachelor's 
hall " in his pole shanty for eighteen months 
while he made the iirst clearing on his laud. 
Not a tree had been felled nor a road opened 
in the neighborhood. Came was plenty, and 
James fried his own venison and baked his 
own johnnycake; he ate it, too. The Wolf- 
cale family came to the township about the 
same time that Mr. Scott came, and located a 
mile east of his land. They had eight chil- 
dren, four sons and four daughters; one of the 
latter, liclinda, became the wife of our subject 
in June, 1851. The cabin that was to be her 
home had neither lloor nor mud between the 







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Icigs. lliit the youiin; udiipK' huiirheil at tlic 
])i'OBpect l)L'fore tlieiii, as the I'litin'r pi'Oiniscil 
better things. After four years of hapi)y 
married life, ami ihii-ing the siekly year of 
1S55, while her hu.shaml was ill with ty])hoiil 
fevei', she sickened and died with that dread 
disease, leaving one child, I'^liza J., now wife 
of Thomas l^>urnan. She was sixteen montlis 
old at the time of her mother's death. In tlio 
antnmn of 1S5I> ]\Ir. Scott was married to 
]\Iiss Elizabeth AVright, daug-hter of Ira and 
Jane (FlcmiuG:) A\'right. Her ancestors 
were Irisli. Her mother was reared in Vigo 
County, Indiana, to which State her parents 
had removed fi'om ^Maryland. Iler father 
disappeared \ery mysteriously when s!ie w;is 
seven years of aije, and was supjiosed to be 
mnivlered for his money, as he went to tlie 
village of Uosseaii, dra\ving tlie money for 
his tobacco crop, and was never seen by liis 
family again. His wife afterward married 
Joseph Shipley, and they had five cliildren — 
George AV., llacbel S., John L. (deceased), 
Henry ]\I. and Sarah J. (deceased). To her 
first mai-riagecight children were born— i\Iary, 
Aurelia, Hannah, Elizabeth, Itebecca, Aman- 
da, Eliza J. and "William I. Ira AVriglit was 
an excellent scholar, and his daughter, Eliza- 
beth, taught school prior to her nuirriaije. 
JIany happy and prosperous years have been 
passed in the Scott homestead, and the thirty- 
one yeai-s of wedded life liave sat lightly ujion 
her brow. She used to rake the wheat after 
the sturdy arm of her husband had crailled it 
away from among the 8tiimj)S. Tliey shared 
eacli other's trials as well as labors. After 
Jier husband had bound the sheaves, slic 
placed them in shock. While he did the 
night chores, she |irepareil the frugal supper; 
ami their lives, which began with sucdi sym- 
]>athy, are to-day bound by much sti'onger 
ties of love. She was one of the brave, i)io- 
ncer women who helped to reclaim the 

forests and cause I hem to ju'oduce fields. 
i\[r. and Mrs. Scott h;t\c had I'onr children — 
CMark I., who married Ida 'SI. Kuans, now a 
resident of l''ayette County, Illinois; Alva C, 
deceased; William ]*., who married Emma 
Allen, and Alma V>. They have reare 1 and 
educated David Scott and JVoraii 1!. Fidts, 
who now reside with them. Mr. antl Mrs. 
Scott are hospitable people, and the stranger 
always finds a welcome. Their larder is 
always full of delicacies. Their broad acres 
arc finely cnltivated, and each year brings an 
income which imdces a snug bank account, 
ilrs. Scott is !i momber of the Disciple 
church. JNTr. Scott is a member of no church, 
but is libei-a! in suii))ortin[' all churches. 

.T?|ELSOi\ KEEL0C4G TODD was born 
'j\'M in KInfi'ton, AVells County, Indiana, 
*^'& February 10, 1867, the only son of 
Jacob J. and Rachel J. (Kellogg) Todd. He 
was reared in his native city, where he re- 
ceived a good education in the schools of that 
place. He was a member of the first gradu- 
ating class from the iSluffton High School in 
the year of 1883, being the youngest in the 
class, having just attaiiu'd his sixteenth year. 
At this time, being desirous to learn a trade, 
he entered the office of the Wells Voiinti/ 
Times, where he served an appi-enticeship, 
and either in the capacity of printer or writer 
he has since been more or less connected 
with the ]iress of IJlufrton. In December, 
1884, he commenced the study of law in his 
father's office, pursuing his legal studies in 
Connection with his work in newspaper offices 
until December, I8S5. He then went to 
I'oi-tland, Jay (!ounty, and ('ontintu'd reading 
law in the oflice of llaynes iV: ('ox, i-eturning 
to niufl'ton eight months later, where he was 
airain connected with his father's office until 

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Febnuu-y, 18s7. Im-uiii A'uveiiiber, ISSO, 
until ^laivh 1, 1NS7, ho \v:i.s city editor of the 
ir, //.v Cniiifij Tniicx, :iii.l iVoin that time 
liiilil May 1 rolldwino- h^,■ hi'ld the saiiii' posi- 
tion on the I iiilninii l!ii(jli\ the siiecessor of 
the I'liins. In iSSl he tried (he eonipetitivo 
ex;iniin;ttiuii for a vacant eadetsliip at West 
I'oint ^[ilitary Aeaileniy and so well ae(|iiitted 
hiin>elf i,in tlii.s (icea.sion that when a \acancy 
occurred .-oon after lion. ( ieorge AV. Steele, 
^leniher of Ci.ingi-e.--s, tendei-ed him the ap- 
jMiintnient to tlie National Academy, which, 
however, he declined. In polities, like his 
father, .Mi'. Todil is a Republican. 

;^.EXRY ^\. DALHY:\I1'LE, of Liberty 
X['\ Township, was born in Pi'eble County, 
"^.Z Ohio, -lanuary I'J, 1S3S, son of Jolin 
and Judith (Williams) I >alryin)ile. The father 
was biirn in Xew Jersey, August 18, 1810, 
of German descent, and the latter was a na- 
tive of Ohio aB<l a daughter of Isaac AVill- 
ianis. When our subject was throe years of 
ai^e his parents,. removed to Huntington 
County, this State, where the father pur- 
chased a farm in the dense wilderness. Here 
lleni-y AV. was reared to manhood. In liis 
father's family were fourteen children, nine 
of whom are li\ing. Iloth parents were 
memljers of the ])isci])le church. The father 
died in ( )ctober, ISG'2, at the age of fifty- two 
vear*; the mother died in 1S5(!. Henry W. 
was married .-\]pril 7, 1801, to Miss Hannah 
A. "Wright, daughter of Ruel and Elizabeth 
(Shaw) Wright, the former a native of New 
Jersey, and the latter of Pennsylvania; they 
settled in Huntington County, this State, in 
an early da^'. ]\lrs. Dalrymple was born in 
Columbiana County, Cliio, in September, 
1838, and came to Indiana when si.\ years of 
age. ]\rr. Dalrymple purchased a part of the 

(jld homestead and resided ihei'e until Sep- 
tendier, 1S71, when he removed to Wells 
County and ]iui'cliased 120 acres of piartially 
inipi'o\ed laud on section 5, Libei'ty Towu- 
sliip. In iSS.j he sohl his I'arni and tiought 
his present one on section 4 of Liberty Town- 
ship. The farm contains 252 acres of im- 
])roved land in a high state of cultivation. 
Mr. and Mrs. Dalrymple are the parents of 
si.x children — Emma A., Warren ^L, Hosa 
E., Cora E., Charley \\. and Lloyd W. Em- 
ma A. died January 10, 1863. Mr. Dalrym- 
ple was elected township assessor in 1880 
and served si.x years. Li 1886 he was 
elected townshi]) trustee and is the present 
incumbent. Himself and wife are niembei'S 
of the Cliristian church. During the late 
civil war he served in Coinpan}' A, Thirteenth 
Indiana Cavalry, b\it after going South he 
was transferred to the wagon trains, and 
served there until the close of the war. He 
was honorably discharged November 18, 
1865. Politically Mr. Dalrymple affiliates 
with the Democratic ]>arty. 

.■f^'EOUGE NUSHAUMEP, farmer, Not- 
MV'iV^ tingham Town.ship, was l)orn in Wayne 
"4^'^ County, Ohio, August 11, 1812, son of 
Joseph and liarbara (Schwaller) Nusbanmcr. 
His father was born in Sollatown, Switzer- 
land, where he was reared to mechanical pur- 
suits. He was married in Switzerland, and 
all of his children were born in that country 
except (ieorge. In 1812 the family immi- 
grated to America, and at once located in 
\rayne County, Ohio. There the father fol- 
lowed farming and grocery keeping until 
1863, when he removed to this county and 
settled in Nottingham Township, where his 
son, John J., bought a ])iece of land, and 
there the father died in Sejitember, 18(!5, 

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and tlic iiiollier in ()t'ti)lic'r, 1S7(!. ]!otli ure 
l)iiriL'<l in Mrl Janiel's (•oinekTV. (u'ni'i^c was 
reai'Oil in liis native cnunty and i-csidod there 
])erniaiifntl y nntil 1S(!'2, when ho enlisted in 
tiie civil war for three years. Wiiilc in tlie 
service liis jiarents removed to AVells Comity, 
Iniliana. wliere lie also came in IS'^iu and 
bought forty acres of laml wlicre lie now re- 
sides. Ahout lil'teen acres were cleared, hut 
thei-e were iiu inqn'oveinents. Two years 
later he liouglit forty acres more, ui>on which 
jiad lieen built a lo;^' cabin, and there he rc- 
nioved his family. lie linilt his present 
bi'ick residence in 1S75. Mr. Nusbaumer 
now owns 1'2U acres of land, of which seventy 
acres are cleai'e(l. lie was married in Wayne 
County, Ohio, danuary 27, ISdO, to Miss 
•Cathei'ine II nnsin<fer, a native of that county 
and daughter of Frederick and Elizabeth 
Ilnnsinirer. Her father was born in Haden, 
(iennany, and was a weaver by trade. Her 
mother was born in Somerset County, 
I'ennsylvania, anil from tliere removed to 
"Wayne County, Ohio, where she was mar- 
ried. Iloth are living a retired life, the 
father at the age of eighty-six, and the moth- 
er seventy-se\en. ]\Ir. and ^fi's. Nusbaumer 
have had ten children, of wliom three, John 
F., Clark and Willie, are deceased. The liv- 
ing are — Elizabeth, Alpha Albertus, Barbara 
Ann, (ieorge llaymond, I'hel>e iMay, A'^edie 
Zell and Jessie Lee. In August, 1802, Mr. 
iN'nsba\inier eidisted in Comjiany (J, One 
Hundred and Seventh Olno Infantry, the 
regiment ren<lez\ou,-^ing at Cleveland. Thence 
they went to Covington, Kentucky, thence to 
Camp Delaware, Ohio, thence to Ale.\andi;ia, 
Virginia, joining the Eleventh Army Corps, 
under General Franz Sigel. His first gen- 
eral euirafrement was at Clianceliorsvillc. At 
that battle the bugler was killed, and Mr. 
Nusbaumer supplied his place, At the cel- 
ebrated liattle of Gettysburg he carried the 

right guide, and his regiment was one of the 
supp(u-ts of I'icda'tt's battei-y when they were 
attacked by the Lcniisiana Tigers, in the sec- 
ond day's fight. Mr. Nusbaumer carried 
from the field the colors of the I'lightli Louisi- 
ana Regiment, ca])tnred in the hand-to-hand 
light o\er the guns. He ne.\t took ])art in 
the engagement at Fort AVagner, one of the 
defenses of C'harleston, Ins division becoming 
a part of the Ai-my of the (iulf. He t<iok 
jiart in all the nioxements of his regiment 
until, ill Florida, he was made a member of 
the i-egimental l.iand, and (hiring the last six 
months of the service he served in that ca- 
pacity. He was discharged at Charleston, 
South Carolina, July 10, 18G5, and retunied 
home by way of New York to Cleveland ; 
thence to Wayne County, Ohio; thence to Wells 
County three weeks later. lie was a brave 
soldier, never shirking any duty, however 
arduous. In ])olitics he is a I)einocrat. 
Himself and wife are members of the Cliris- 
tian cliurch. 

— — ^|-:mh|.— — 

"TaEWlS L. HOWARD is a native of 
Cl AVells County, Indiana, born March 27, 
i^ 1S57, a son of Robert G. and Jane 
(I)obl)s) Howard, early settlers of Chester 
Townsliip. He was reared in his native 
county, receiving his early education in the 
common district schools, and subsequently 
attended one term at ^lontpelier ami two 
terms at Rluffton. In 1878 he went to Val- 
jiaraiso, Indiana, anil entered upon a college 
course, remaining there a year and a half, 
when, on account of ill-health, he went to 
New Me.Nico, where he remained ten months. 
He then returned to Indiana, ami in the 
spring of ISS-l went to Dakota and spent 
two months. He began teaching when 



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twenty-one ycurs (>t'iii;x', ;in<l lui» t^incc i^ivun 
liis attention tn tliat jirol'r.-.Nicin. lie is ;i inein- 
luT or Munljielier I.oil-e, iXo. 410, I.O. O. F., 
ol' wliieli lio is \ice-gr;ui(l. 

T^pIJKKT (4E()K(;i': IIOAVARI) is a na- 
'■J "x ti\x' ot' Jlunipsliire ('onnt}-, Virginia, 
""^s^ liorn March 15, ISOO, a sun of Samuel 
iintl Mary (liiggins) llowanl, also natives of 
Virifinia, his father Imrn in Hampshire 
County, of Knglish parentage, and his mother 
in Loudoun (Joutity. The parents were mar- 
ried in Hampshire County, living tliere until 
the fall of iSOO, when they moved to what is 
now ^larshall County, AVest Virginia, loeat- 
ing aluiut ten miles below Wheeling, where 
Ilohert was reareil and married. In their 
declining years the parents made their home 
with Kohert, tlie mother dying at his house 
January 10, 1^51. ]„ Is.ll he left West 
Virginia and with his family and his fatlier 
moved to Indiana, arriving in Wells County 
Sejitemlier 7, ci.uuing liy rail as far as Wiu- 
ciiester, their goods, however, lieing brought 
by teams. 1'liey located on IGO acres of 
land in Chester Townshi]), which ilr. Howard 
had bought the year before. About fifty 
acres had been cleared and there were some 
old log buildings on the place, which they 
made use of until better ones coukl be built. 
Game at that time was scarce in the county, 
although tleer were occasionally seen, and al- 
though in his early life Mr. Howard had 
been (juite a hunter, he did not have much 
opportunity to ])ractice the art after coming 
to Wells County. He has traveled over a 
large part of Indiana and Hlinois on horse- 
back when there was no other mode of con- 
veyance, and visited Indianapolis soon after 
the capital was located there, when the town 

ciinsi.^ted ot' a few huts. The most imposing 
buildings in the place were three frame houses 
which were called (ioveruor's Row. He wit- 
nessed the llrst land sale, and could have 
bought land on the present site of Indianap- 
olis for 81.25 an aci-e. He was at Elkhart 
Prairie \\-hen it was the home of the l!ig 
Chief. j\lr. Howard was married February 
21, 1839, to Jliss Jane Dobbs, who was born 
near Redstone, Pennsylvania, a tlaughter of 
Andrew and Margaret (Portei') Dobljs, her 
mother a native of Ireland and her father of 
Irish ancestry. She was roared in ]\Iarshall 
County, West Virginia, whither her ])areuts 
moved in her ninth year. To ilr. ami Airs. 
Howard have been liorn ten children, nine 
of whom are living — -Vnn .Vinanda, wife 
of I). II. Patterson; Samuel, of Upland, 
Grant County; Margaret, wife of Elliott 
Crossan, of Albuquei-que, Kew Ale.xico; 
^\'illiam, of Blackford County, married Sarah 
C. Kelle}-; Harvey; Thomas I'.., also of 
Rlackford County, married Irene Ilobbs; 
Lewis L.; Robert G., of -lay County, married 
Iiachel lienberger; Slary E., wife of Walter 
S. Harper, of Rockt'ord, Illinois. One son, 
dames P., was a graduate from Ann Arbor, 
Michigan, Medical (^ollege, and located in 
Blunt, Hughes County, IJakota, where lie 
died December 29, 1S85, aged tliirty-two 
years, his death being caused by a mistake 
in compounding a prescription given him by 
his physician. He left a wife who was form- 
erly Mary Elizabeth Bryson. He was a 
member of the Alasonic, Odd Fellows and 
United Workmen orders, and of the Blunt 
Ritlcs, a military organization of Dakota. 
His remains were brought to his old home 
in AVeils County for burial. Mr. Howard's 
fatlier was reared in the Whig school of poli- 
tics and was afterward a Democrat, with 
which party the son has ahvays affiliated, 
casting his iirst presidential vote for Andrew 

1.. r. ., 


Jaclisuii. lie Iius in liis jiosst'ssidii ;i citiio 
cut from the J'ariii df (iuiicral <J;icksoii wliicli 
was a iii'CSL'iit to his t'athci'. 

T^LLISON FULTON, fanner and stoek- 

^5^ Westmoreland County, J'ennsylvania, 
March 15, 1820, son of Kohcrt and Letitia 
(Kenning) Fnlton, also natives of Pennsyl- 
vania. The father was a son of James Fnl- 
ton, who cuine from Ireland and settled in 
western Pennsj'lvania, forty miles east of 
Pittslmrg, when the inhabitants were prin- 
cipally Indians. The mother was a daughter 
of Charles Kenning, of Indiana, who was 
born in Ireland, immigrated to America and 
settled in Pennsylvania. Onr suin'ect was 
reared on a tarm and remained at home until 
lie was of age, after whicli he \\ent to Mary- 
land and took charge of a plantation for five 
years. lie then returned to his native coun- 
ty, wlicre he was married October 17, If^SO, 
to !Miss Mary Catherine McQuade, daughter 
of Andrew and Sarali McQuade, who were 
natives of Pennsylvania and of Irish descent. 
In the fall of 1853 our sultject removed to 
Indiana, accompanied by his parents, di-iving 
through with teams. ]\Ir. Fulton purchased 
155 acres of heavily-timbered land, which 
they at once began to clear and improve. 
They have lived on this farm thirty-four 
years, lie afterward added eighty acres to 
his original jmrchase, but has disposed of it. 
^Ir. ami Jlrs. Fnlton have three children — 
.lames M., a postal clerk on the AVabash Pail- 
way, living at Huntington, Indiana, was 
married Alarch 15, 1872, to Mary Powell, 
daughter of David and Catharine Powell; 
John ]\r., a real estate dealer in Kansas City, 
^Missouri, was married March 2.'i, 1880, to 
Mary Daily, a daughter of ISamuel and Lu- 

cinda Daily, and has one child — Harry; 
Frank O., Ii\ing on the old homestead, was 
married August I'J, 188tj, to Pose ICaton, 
tlanghter of Thomas and JMary Eaton, and 
has one child —Allison. Tiie jiarents are 
active members of the Presbyterian clmrcli, 
and in i)olitics Mr. Fulton is a Pepublican. 
]\Ir. Fulton is a self-made man. Py industry 
and economy he has ac(]uired a good property 
that will make his life comfortalile in his old 

;^RANK ^y. GARRETT, physician and 
c'lp.i surgeon. Liberty Center, was born in 
->>■ Ashland County, Ohio, June 27, 1855, 
a son of Joseph Garrett, ^\'hen six years of 
age his [)arents removed to this county, where 
he was reared on a farm and educated in the 
common scliools. At the age of twenty years 
he began teaching school, and taught three 
years. In 1878 he began the study of medi- 
cine under the preceptorship of Jolin A. Mor- 
rison, of Liberty Centei-. While he was still 
pursuing his studies, he aTid his preceptor 
engaged in the drug business as partners. 
In December, 187'J, he was appointed post- 
master under President Hayes' administra- 
tion, holding the office three years and ten 
months, then resigned. lie took his first 
course of lectures during the winters of 
18S0-'81, and the second in 1881-'82, and 
graduated ]\Iarch 1, 1882, at Butler Univer- 
sity, Indianapolis. lie then began practice 
at Liberty Center, continuing the drug busi- 
ness at the same time. lie also associated 
himself with his former preceptor in his 
practice, which he continued two years. He 
then succeeded him and is now the only 
practitioner in the place. lie has a large 
and lucrative practice and is eminently suc- 
cessful, lie was married April 5, 1882, to 




. -Ml , "r /. i 

'l'-l->lCjri 'i(. (ll(r! lib ICO'l' in'j 
••■.'■;.;t . .i' I'jj )■: i?M-|c ji fL;i7/ 

(in- ",:-'L ."!" /i . 



"Miss Susie Funk, a (iaiio;litcr of Ahjulom 
I''unk, and they liave owv cliild, Jo.-cpli J'., 
li.iiii Juno 10, ISS3. Jliiusolf and witb are 
uieiiiliei-s of the llajitist cliurcl], and politi- 
cally 'Mr. (iarrett atliliates witii the liepubli- 
can l>arty. 

JETKIl C. I.EAVEXfiOOI) was born in 
u „'■ Union OrMinty, Pennsylvania, Novenilier 
"•^K 11, lS-::3, son of Christian and Elizabeth 
(Keiser) Lcavengood. His grandfather, Jae<dj 
Leavengoo<l, was born in (.i«rmauy, and with 
liis wife settled in Union County, rennsyl- 
vania, near the Susquehanna River, during 
the latter ]iart of the seventeenth century. 
He, with his brothers John and Fiedel and 
their sistei'S, were sold from the ship in 
which thc}' crossed the ocean, to pay their 
passage money. Jacob was marrietl before 
the war of 1S12. He and his brother John 
sei-ved dui-ing that war, and dui'ing its 
jirogress JtJm was killed and scalped by the 
Indians. Twice during their early life in 
I'cnnsylvania Jacob liad to llee with his wife 
across the Suscjuehanna, where there were 
more settlers, in order to save their lives 
from the prowling savages. These savages 
were lu^stile, and frequently murdered and 
roltbed the early settlers. At the ■ age of 
eighteen years Christian began to learn the 
blacksmith's trade, and later took charge of 
his employer's shoji. i're\-ious to his mar- 
riage he built a shop on his father's farm, 
where he worked at the forge for many years, 
quitting it in later life to take charge of the 
:mcestral homestead. On this faian their 
nine children were born — Mary, Elizabeth, 
Jacob, John, Susanna, Daniel, Catherine, 
Peter C. and George. In 1830 the family 
removed to Tuscarawas Cnunty, Ohio, where 
('liristian had bought land betore the Indians 

left that county. Only three houses had been 
built in New Phihideli)hia. the county seat 
ot that county, when he made his purchase, 
and one of these he helpeil to put the rafters 
upon. AVheu he selected these lands Indians 
yet had their cabins in the woods, and he 
slept in their deserted wigwams. The pai'ents 
died on this farm, the father at the age of 
ninety years, and the mother at the age of 
seventy-nine years. All their children were 
nuirried before tlicir death, and all are living 
in Ohio except our subject and his sister 
JIary, who married Jacob Stahe in lYumsyl- 
vania previous to the removal of the family 
to Ohio. Elizabeth married Abram Deitz; 
Jacob married Susanna Stahl; John became 
the husband of Margaret Ilorner; Susanna 
married Jacob Lehmann; Daniel married 
Mary Lowrey; Catherine became the wife of 
George Peshing; George married Magdalene 
Forney, and Peter C. married JIartha A. 
Zinimerlee, daughter of Jacob and Clara 
(Brown) Zimmerlee, of this county. She was 
born in Huntington County September 6, 
18-18. Their marriage was celebrated March 
28, 1868, John Lantz, Esq., performing tlie 
ceremony. In 1849 !Mr. Eeavengood bought 
the land upon which lie now resides, and for 
fifteen consecutive 3'ears made annual tripis 
to Ohio, where he was a contractor in iiis 
business, that of a stone mason. His first 
log cabin is still standing, fronting their 
handsome counti-y residence, and it presents 
a venerable apiiearance. It is a monument 
to the pioneer days when, lull of life and 
vigor, the young husband felled and hewed 
the logs which form its weather-beaten walls. 
lie was a proud and happy husband when his 
young bride was installed mistress of what 
was then an aristocratic mansion. The death 
of their first-born, IVIclinda E., occurred be- 
neath its roof, September 23, 187.S. The 
other children, Deljdiena, Silas (i., Salome 




A. :inil (V'lcstc ()., were nil rocked to sleep 
within its pui'tals. Tli(> t'auiily have moved 
into a line IVanie Imililiii^, ami tlie wealtli of 
tlie owner has increased \vitli Ids years. His 
hroad acres are lierel't nt' the stately oak, anil 
lar^-e crojis are raised where the Indian 
once chased the flying deer. The same that 
roamed the woods in countless numbers have 
all disapjieared, and the ycjung men of forty 
years ai,'o are the aged sires of to-day, and 
from their lips ai'C gathered tiie facts that 
make the history of their county. 

"'^■•V/'\A Chester T(iwnship, was born in llar- 
[^"^ijPr-l rison Township, Blackford County, 
Februar}- '20, 184S, son of William and De- 
borah (Ross) Poulson. "When he was six- 
teen years of age his parents removed to this 
county, and here he has since resided, with 
the exception of twenty months spent in the 
AVcst. About 1873 lie moved to Smith 
County, Kansas, Init returned again to Indi- 
ana after a brief sojourn. lie purchased bis 
present farm in February, 1881, which con- 
sists of eighty acres, sixty acres being cleared, 
ami good improvements. lie was married 
October 17, 18(57, to Miss Ilebecca Jane 
Dodds, a native of Eutler County, Pennsyl- 
vania, and daughter of David and Elizabeth 
(Duncan) Dodils. Her father was also a na- 
tive cif liutler r'<ninty, of Scotch-Irish descent. 
Her mother was born in Allegheny County, 
Pennsylvania, also of Scotch-Irish descent. 
Her parents were married in Allegheny 
County and located in Butler County. In 
1855 they removed to Harrison County, Indi- 
ana, thence to Wells County in the S]jring of 
18G6, and to Blackford County in 1873, 
where the father died February 1-4. 1879, and 
the mother August 17, 1877. J\Ir. and ]\Irs. 

Poulson have t^^■o children — Mary Alice and 
James IIar\ey. INditically Mr. Poulson is a 
Ilepulilican, and has held the otHco of su- 
])ervis()r. lie is a meiid)(.'r of the (Miristian 
chuivh, ami Mrs. Poulson of the i\Iissionary 
Baptist church. 

fOIIN J. XUSHAUMKB, farmer, Not- 
tingham Township, was born near Canton 
-,^ Solothurn, Switzerland, February 29, 
1824, son of Joseph and Barbara (Schwallcr) 
Nusbaumer, also natives of tliat country, 
where the father followed farming and mill- 
ing. John J. assisted his fatlier in his work, 
and in 1842, when he was eighteen years of 
age, the family left their native land, and 
going through France to Havre, took passage 
on the sliip Ville do Lyons. After a pleas- 
ant voyage of thirty-six days they arrived in 
New York the last of June. The fatiier pre- 
ceded them one year, and had purchased 100 
acres of land in Wayne County, Ohio, then 
went back to Switzerland for his faniil}'. 
From New York they went up the Hudson 
lliver, the Erie Canal, Lake Erie to Cleve- 
land, thence by canal to ilassillon, and by 
wagon to their new home. There they fol- 
lowed farming, initchering, changing to 
grocery keeping, etc., until 1863, then re- 
moved to Wells County, where our subject 
bought eighty acres of land where he now re- 
sides, about forty acres being partly cleared. 
He has added to his original purchase until 
he now owns IfiO acres of excellent land, 100 
acres being cleared of timber. His father 
died in September, 1865, and his mother in 
October, 1876. John J. was married in this 
county July 12, 1863, to Elizabeth AVarner, 
a native of Fairfield County, Ohio, and a 
daughter of Isaac and Mary (Dundoor) 
Warner, natives of Pennsylvania. Her father 

iT nr ■<:' ) ) 


( ' ■ ■' 

;.. • 1 ! J Till KM, 


(lied wlieii sill' was :i .small child, and her 
iiiutlier afterward iiiari'ied Samuel Sliueiiiaker. 
She died when Mrs. N nshaunier was fiMir- 
tecn years of age. Mr. and Mrs. iS'u.sliaunier 
are the parents of ten children — Alexander 
an<l Lewis A. (twins), Franklin, iMary Ann, 
Chriotinii. .Marrd.dena, Sarah Ann, At;-nes, 
Cathci'ine and Eva. The parents and family 
are niemhers of the Catholic cdiurcli, and in 
polities he is a Democrat. 

^ILLIAM Al'.SIlIKK, fanner, Chester 
'ownship, was horn in JMadison 
i'^^^r County, Viri,finia, Novcinher 29, 

1>:.,.. - f xVUeii aii<l Polly (l'\irmer) Ab- 

^hire, who uere l<o"n. reaivd and married in 
that Slate. When \\r'-u» lu,. years 
old his parents removed w Henry County, 
Indiana, by wagon, where the mother died in 
1840. William was reared in Delaware 
County; and after changing residence twice, 
tinally bought land there. In 18(i2 he sold 
out and purchased 18(5 acres of land in this 
county, of which about l-tl acres were cleared, 
lie was married in Rush County, in 1853, to 
Miss Emily Elizabeth Tackett, daughter of 
John and Martha 11. Tackett, natives <.f K'an- 
awha County, Virginia. Her father was 
killed in a railroad accident in Hancock 
County, her mother also dying in that county. 
]\Ir. Abshire is independent in politics, al- 
ways voting for men and measures rather 
tluin for party, lie has held the oftice ot 
supervisor of Chester Township. 

m- active and enterprising citizen of I'.lulf- 
^ ton, and senior member of the law lirm 
of France & Lee, was born in Windsor County, 

^^ermont, dune 8, 1SB8. His parents, Frede- 
rick ami Alice (Stoughton) France, were born 
in the State <if W'rmont, the father of Welsh- 
(ierman descent and the mother ot Puritan 
ancestors. Twelve children were born to 
them, of whom only five survive — Charles JSl., 
our subject; William H. 11., superintendent 
of the Adams C^ounty liitinnary; Martha P., 
of AVillshire, Ohio, widow of George W. 
Place; ilary, also living in Willshire, is the 
widow of Seth AVatkins, who was killed at the 
battle of Shiloh while in the Union service, 
and Philemon, living in A^an AVert, Ohio. 
The father was a farmer by occupation. In 
lS-16 he came AVest with his family and 
located in Licking County, Ohio. In May, 
1853, he removed to Adams County, Indiana, 
locatiiif on a farm in St. Mary's Township, 
where he died the following September. He 
was a Universalist in his religious belief, and 
while living in A''ermont was a member of 
the Universalist churcli. The mother is still 
living at the advanced age of eighty-seven 
years, making her home with her son in 
Adams County. She is a member of the 
Baptist church at Pleasant iAlills. Our sub- 
iect, Charles .M. France, was reared from his 
thirteenth year in Licking County, Ohio. 
In his youth he attended the district schools, 
and completed his education at the high 
school at Hartford, Ohio, where he spent 
eighteen months. On becoming of age he 
en'^Mged in farming in Mercer County, Ohio, 
and for ten winters, until 18G5, he taught 
school in Mercer. County, ( )hio, and in A-lams 
County, Indiana. He settled in Adams 
County in 1805, where he followed farming 
until 18G9. He then began reading law in 
the oIKce of James H. Pobo, of Decatur, with 
wdiom lie subsequently became associated in 
the practice of law under the firm name of 
Bobo .*c France. This partnership was dis- 
solved in 1876. Mr. France continued to 



Vilic'l jj.ll; 

1.. . Ji-; ^■ ;;n; 

'■: , >! '^. 

Q '*«r» «*-'m^'<« 


]>i'iictieu his cliosun prut'cssur iit I)ef;Utir until 
1S7U, ln-'iiii;- ;it ilili'ercnt tiiiu's iissuciated witii 
others, and in XuVLMnliLT of thnt yearhocanio 
to lUuirton, AVc'lls Odiuitv, wlicru he has 
since been in constant jiractice. He was 
associated with Jay (i. ]'"rench as France i'^ 
French until ISSJ-, when he formed a partner- 
ship with .M. A\'. Ix^e, thus forniinij the 
jiresent law lirni of France A: Lee. ^[i\ 
France has heen twice married, lie was first 
married to Miss ]\[iranda Thomas in Dela- 
ware Cloiinty, Ohio, Decendjer 24, 1853. 
She died while on a visit in Whitley County 
in 1S57. She left one son, Jcihn T., who is 
now an attorney at law at jtecntur, Indiana. 
For his second wife Mr. 1'' ranee iriarried i\Liss 
F]lizabeth Sauthrin, of Adams County, Indi- 
ana, the date of this nnirriai^e heinir Octobei' 
'20, ISTO. In politics ]\Ir. France is u Dem- 
ocrat. While liviiiii; in Adams County he 
served as ]'u5tice of the peace for twelve 
years. He is a Master ilason and is a mem- 
ber of the ]\Iasonic lodge at JJecatur, and is 
also a member t>f till; Knights of Pythias 
lodge at iUutfton. Mrs. France is a memljer 
of the Methodist Fpiscopal church. 

fAMES S. CAllTWRIGIIT, farmer, sec- 
tion 22, Jefferson Township, was born 
^,c in Niles, Trumbull County, Ohio, son of 
John and Margaret (McCorkle) Cartwright, 
the former a native of lierks County, Vir- 
ginia, born February 3, 1T'J7, and the latter 
l)orn Octobei' 24, 1801, in Trumbull County, 
Ohio, of Irish ancestry. They were married 
in that county, an<I seven of their children 
were born prior to their removal to Indiana — 
James S., John A., Allison B., Margaret, 
Mary, Xancy and Lorinda. In the fall of 
1852 tlie family settled in Ossian, and John 
engaged in the mercantile trade for several 

years. Soon alter locating ho was ap])ointed 
postmaster, and during a Democratic admin- 
istration, from the time c.if President Pierce 
until alter the inauguration of President 
Lincoln, he lillcd that ))ii:,ition. lie was a 
very prominent local politician, and with the 
exception of James S. all his children were 
Democrats. The death of the mother oc- 
eurretl Se])tember 12, 1857, and afterward 
John (\artwright married ]\Irs. Nancy Staple- 
fold, of Fort AN'^ayne. Potli are now de- 
ceased. Isabella, the oldest child, was mar- 
ried in Ohio to Henry G. Donaghy. They 
had four children, only one surviving. Mar- 
garet muri'ied John Johnston, and they had 
two children. ^Ir. Johnston tiled and his 
widow married Samuel Oswalt, of Ossian, 
■m\k\ they have one son. ]\Iary married ililo 
J. (iarrell. John A. became the husband of 
Susan Hyatt, and is a I'esident of Deljjhi, 
Carroll County, Indiana; he was principal of 
the schools of that city for several years; was 
a member of the General Assembly in 1884- 
'80. Nancy became the wife of Dr. John I. 
Metts. Allison D. graduated in medicine 
and practiced at Zanesvilie several years; he 
nuirried ilary Jennings, and they reside in 
Del])hi, Indiana, where ^Mr. Cartwrigiit is 
engaged in the mercantile trade. Lorinda 
graduated at the Presbyterian College at 
Granville, Ohio, and has taught many terms 
of school in lilufi'ton and Kansas; she mar- 
I'ied Jolm S. Howard, a merchant of Ix)S 
Angeles, California. ]\[r. Cartwright was 
educated in the common schools, and passed 
his early life on the farm. October 5, 1842, 
he was married to JMiss Sarah Shafer, daugh- 
ter of Jacob and i\Iary Shafer, AVilliam Rob- 
erts, Esq., of Trumbull County, performing 
the ceremony. The Shafer family were na- 
tives of Perry County, Pennsylvania, and 
immiin-ated to Ohio in about 1818. Tliey 
were the parents of eleven children, five of 




. »^»W»^TBI.iaiiwi.'«^» « "^"^"J. 

.■/ ,]' 

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•|M Hi ; ;. 1. 


wlioin are liviiiif — Susan, wife of John Kusli, 
of SoiUlieni Iowa; Kiiiily hci-ame tlie wife of 
AVilliaiii i;iii]ilc. "f '\'oniii,'st<)Wn, Oliio; 
l,:iiii-,i iiiMi-ricil .Idliii .Miii-|iliy, a tai-nicr nf 
(■haiii](i(Mi, ()liiii-, Aliiiira iiiarricil ICiiiory 
KiMcr. a fann.T of Mancliester, Ohio; iMrs. 
Cai-twrii:-lit i.s the only eliiiil living in this 
State. 11' 'til her parents are deceased and 
are 1)nried in Ohio. When .Mr. Cartwright 
eanie to this connty he purchased and set- 
tle<l upon the tiact of land now owned hy 
David lloopino;arner. A cabin had heen 
huilt and a ii^w acres cleared. A stick tire- 
place urnaniented the most of one end of the 
cahin, and the great piles of wood c^jusnined 
were not taken into account in that early 
day. ^Ir. Cartwright also jjurchased the 
ei'dity acres where lie now resides, not a stick 
liaving heen removed. In 1855 he purchased 
and removed to this tract a small frame 
ho\ise, which has since been replaced by good 
substantia! buildings, and the appearance to- 
day suggests much care and taste upon the 
part of the owner. lie wielded a skillful a.\, 
and while some of his neighbors employed 
their time in hunting, Mr. Cartwright made 
large inroads upon tlie forest trees which 
covered his lands. He also dealt considera- 
bly in stock as his lands became improved, 
;ind from the commencement of his business 
life in this county it has been a success. 
]\[r. and Mrs. Cartwright have had twelve 
children, six of whom are living— John T. 
(deceased), Henry -I. (deceased), Andrew J., 
William A. (deceased), Mary (deceased), 
Clark and Margaret (deceased). Emma, Alice 
J., Snsan F., Lucy and Morton M. John T. 
was a veteran of Company K, Seventy-tifth 
Indiana Infantry, and passed through many 
severe en"-agements unharmed. The malari- 
ous atmosphere of the southern swamps 
finally caused his death at Nashville, Tennes- 
see. His remains were sent home and are 

buried in Ossian cemetery. Henry was also 
a member of the same com])any, and ser\ed 
in many battles. 11<' was with Sherman on 
bis iiiai-ch to the sra. His death occurred 
after his return from the army. An<lrew 
enlisted, when seventeen years of age, in the 
One Hundred and Fifty-third Indiana In- 
fantry. His regiment did gai'rison duty in 
Kentucky, and never saw active service in 
the held. He is the husband of Lydia Archi- 
bald and resides in .letlerson Townshi]>. 
William A. died in infancy. Mary also died 
in childhood. Clark died of small-pox in 
1852. Mr. Cartwright contracted the disease 
on the lakes when coming to this county, and 
was the tirst to have the dread disease which 
terminated the lives of his children the sec- 
ond year of their stay in the new country. 
]\Iargaret married ]\[artin Caston, and at her 
death left two children — Maggie C, the sur- 
viving one, is cared for by her grandparents, 
and is an unusually bright and interesting 
child. Emma married James K. Beatty and 
resides in this township. i\Ir. Beatty is an 
insurance agent and does an extensive busi- 
ness. Alice J. married Warren Taylor, a 
large carriage manufacturer at Zanesville. 
Snsan F. married .losephus Caston, a farmer 
of Jetferson Township. Lucy became the 
wife of James C. Johnston and resides with 
her parents on the home farm. ]\[ortou M. 
is unmarried and lives in the West. The 
tirst vote Jilr. Cartwright cast in Jeflerson 
Township was challenged, he, with four 
others, casting their votes for Hale, the Free- 
soil candidate for President. The Free-soil 
party and the Whig party united formed the 
Uepublican party. His vote was afterward 
accepted, and he acted and voted with that 
party, then voted the AVhig ticket, and was 
one of the tirst llepublicans forming a party 
organization in this county. Himself and 
wife have been members of the Methodist 






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C^^.7. l^.^ 


/.' / OG HA I' in CA L ,S A' A' '1 VllKS. 

Episcopal clmrch for more tli;in forty years. 
]\Irs. Cavtwright's u'raiidfatliei', Thomas Mc- 
Coy, was a nuti\e of SeotlamJ, and laiidcil in 
America three chiys liet'oi'e independenct' was 
declared, being one of the lirst to enlist in 
tiie stnii^'gle. lie servi'd throngh the entire 
war. His wife was ]\lary Stewart, a native 
of Ireland anil a member of the celebrated 
Stewart fainily who possessed fabulous wealth. 
Her father was a soldier in the war of 1S12, 
and ])artici]iated in inost of the noted battles. 
Mr. Cartwright was one of the first men 
made blaster ]\lasons by (Jssian Lodge, No. 
207, A. F. i\; A. M., and has since retained a 
membership with the fraternity. 

■^ya.SOX KKLL(J(U;, one id' tlie old and 
,/ honored pioneers of ^Vell.s County, is a 
■^'(i native of the State of Vermont, born at 
Starksbort) in 1807, <.>f Scotch and Gernnui 
ancestry. He was reared to the avocation of 
a farmer, and in his youth attended the com- 
mon schools of his neighborliood and the 
acadenjy at Hinesbiirgh, -Vermont. During 
the years 1830 and 'IH lie was eni]doye(l as a 
clerk in his father's store in his native town, 
and in 1833 he removed with his father's 
family to ^Vshtabula County, Ohio, where he 
remained until 1834. He then \vent to 
Meadville, Pennsyh-ania, and attended the 
college at that jdace almost two years, pre- 
p>ariiig himself for a teachei', after which he 
taught in the schools of Kelloggsville and 
Greenville, Ohio, until 1839. He was united 
in marriage at Greenville in January, 1837, 
to Mrs. IJachel (Mann) Wiley, who was of and (-ierman origin, and to this 
uniein were born four cliildren — f'elia, wdio 
died at Illulfton, Indiana, in 1849, aged ten 
years; ^lartha, wife of James B. Plessinger; 
Francis N., deputy postmaster, and ilrs. 

liachcl Martin, all of wdiom i-eside in Ijluif- 
ton. In 1S39 Mr. Kellogg came to AVclls 
County, Indiana, and wcjrked at tlie mason's 
trade at Ididflon until I85('i. He then pub- 
lished a newspaper at iSluU'ton called the 
Pi'iijilcs J'rc.'<s, until ISlJl, when he received 
the ajjpointinent of postmaster of liluft'ton 
under President Lincoln's administration, 
holding that office until deposed by President 
Johnson in 18t3G. In 18-1:3 he was elected 
justice of the peace, and hehl that office by 
I'e-election for eighteen years. In 1819 he 
was elected the first mayor of Plufl'ton. In 
18G8 he was again elected mayor of Pluft'ton. 
During President Cirant's administration he 
was deputy postmaster under his son F. K. 
Kellogg from 18(39 until 1875, after wdiich 
he was variously employed until 1884, when 
he retired from the active duties of life ou 
account of his advanced age. In piditics he 
was formerly a AVhig, but afterward affiliated 
with the Republican ]iarty. Mi's. Kellogg 
died at lUuflton in November, 1882, at the 
age of seventy-eight years. She was for 
many years a member of the First Presby- 
terian Churcli at Bhilfton. 


fACOB ZIMMERLEF, deceased, an early 
settler of Union Township, was born in 
'-.^i Virginia. Put little is known of tlie 
history of his pai'ents, as tliey both died when 
he was a mere lad, and he found a home with 
his brother-in-law, Jacob Miller, who married 
his oidy sister, Ann. There were three other 
sons — Jolin, William and David, wdio settled 
in Rush County, Indiana, while Mr. Miller 
came to "Wells County, bringing Jacob with 
liim. David afterward moved to and died in 
Adams County. Jacob was reared in this 
county, and without patrimony began the 
work of providing a home for liimself. He 


■1T«^» -*«*«*. 

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f u/i IB r^^miCLtr, 

r tfimiii>tiirwi-*ri auTT^ri 


(Iruve u tfaiii lor liis hrutlier-in-law .sevci-al 
ycurs lietWffii liliitrtmi ami ( 'iiu-imiat i, iVoiii 
whicli city all tin- -.xmU wen' traiispurtcMl. 
lie was foiirtecii years of aij;e when he came 
tu the county, ami at that time there were 
scareely any settlements. Deccmher 25, 
1S45, he was marrietl tu Ghira l]rown, and 
tliey began lioutckeeping on the farm now 
helongiiiy- to the Fredrick Eichliorn heirs. 
]\rrs. Zinimerlee was horn in AVilks County, 
^.'orth Cai-olina, February 1, 18:24:, and was 
a daughter of Elislia and Elizabeth (Redding) 
Brown. The nationality of the Brown fam- 
ily cannot be ascertained, but the /immer- 
lees are of (iernKui origin. Wiien the e\ent 
of their marriage occurred, s5 would have 
purchased all their united possessions. Four 
years after they were married lie ])urchased 
on credit forty acres of laud now owne(.l by 
Daniel Fisher, and worked by the month to 
pay for it. Jhiring this time his good wife 
remained alone with her four children and 
managed to support them by weaving, so 
that her husband's earnings could all apply 
on tlie pui-cliase. After the laud was paid 
for he commeiujed clearing it and had the 
task almost completed when he sold it, and 
in 18C1 removed to the farm now owned by 
his wife. The following spring they went to 
the lioberf ]\Iiller farm on the Wabash, and 
returned in the fall to the farm of J. Ptoe, 
two of their cliildren having died during 
their residence on the A\'abasli. Two years 
were spent on the Eoe farna dui'iug whicli 
time he built the cabin that still stands in 
the door-yard. They removed to their new 
home in 18G3, wliere they have since resided. 
Jacob was a shoemaker by trade and during 
his early married life worked at the bench 
during the winter seas(jn. Their first years 
of married life were full of hardships, but 
his last purchase of 110 acres nuide him a 
comparatively wealthy man, and ai'ter the 

tindierwas removed it made a line farm. ]5y 
will the property was beipieathed to liis wife 
during her lifetime and then descends to her 
heii-s. The death of ^Mr. Zimmei'lee occurred 
October lij, 1885, and his j-emains were in- 
terred at .Markle. They had eight cliildren, 
live of whom are living — John, who married 
Caroline Flatt; Martha A., wife of Peter 
C. Lea\engood; Daniel, married Nancy A. 
McLure; Elijah, married Alice Ormsby, and 
^lary E., wife of Daniel Walter. Elijah is 
the only child that has engaged in a profes- 
sion, lie taught school previous to his mar- 
riag', and abandoned his profession to engage 
in farming. Eater he established a tile fac- 
tory with Daniel AV^alter near the home farm, 
wliicli he sold at the death of his father, and 
he now has charge of the homestead. AH 
are residents of Union Townsliip, and all 
reside on section 33. 

,^mi!PAnA:\[ STUDAP>AKEli was born 
^jixV; in , Westmoreland County, Pennsyl- 
"^,~ vania, of CTernian descent, the date of 
his bii-tli being February 13, 1785, and was 
one of fourteen children. In 1795 Ids father 
moved with his family to Scioto County, 
Ohio, and in 180-1 to AVarren County, Ohio. 
In 180(3 our subject married ilary Townsend, 
who was of English descent, <iud belonged to 
a Quaker family from South Carolina. Two 
years after his marriage our subject with his 
family, then consisting of his wife and two 
children, moved to Darke County, Ohio, 
being one of the jiioneers of that count}'. 
There he began life on a heavily timbered 
farm, almost penniless, and built his first 
log cabin on (iovernment land near (Jettys- 
burgh. It soon became necessary to erect a 
fort and block-house on his land to defend 
himself and family against the Indian.--, they 

...I t. 


liL'iiii;- soincwliat truiihlcbomo in tliosu times. 
Diiriiii^ tliu war of 1^12 lie supplied the 
(iiiveniiiieiit willi cattle t'oi' t'u<nl (or tlie sol- 
diers and Indians, ami at tlie elosc of that 
war lie carried the news ot' peace to l"\)rt 
Harrison on tlie Lower AValiasli, a distance 
of about 300 miles and through an iinhrokcn 
wilderness. On arriving there he found tliat 
liis brother David, a soldier, liad been killed 
by the Indians a few da\'s jn-evious. Return- 
ing to liis family he entered the land on 
which lie first settled, and when things 
(juieted down he sold his land and settled 
near Greenville, Ohio, where he purchased a 
farm. In ly^li liis wife died, leaving liim 
with seven children — ^\'illiam, Elizabeth, 
]\[ai-y, David, John, Abraham and iMargaret. 
A few years after bis wife's death he was 
again married to Elizabeth (Ilardman) Light- 
cap, a widow, who was of English descent, 
and to this union were born five chihlren — 
I'eter, Geoi'gc, Daniel, Jane and Sarah. In 
18tJ3, having accumulated some money, Mr. 
Studabaker came to Wells ('cmnty to invest 
in lands, and among other tracts entered the 
one on which IJliifl'ton is^ now situated, and 
in 1S;5S, when the county seat was located, he 
donated said land tor the benefit of AVells 
County. In IS.'iS he established his son 
John in the mercantile business in I'luil'ton, 
and in 1S3'J be placed his son AVilliam on a 
farm tour miles cast of LluH'ton. lie also 
assisted many of bis nephews and nieces to 
obtain humes in Wells Count}', and every 
year until bis death be visited the county to 
visit his suns and friends and encourage them 
in their new bumes. In 11S47 he sent his 
S(_)n I'eter to AVells County to clerk for his 
brother John. He lived on his farm neai- 
(ireenville, <)bi(.), from 1815 until his death, 
which occurreii J\larch l>i, ls52, at the age 
of sixty-eight years. He was a man of 
enterprise and good business management, 

and by these ijualities together with jiersever- 
ing industry he accumulated quite a fortune, 
which enabled him to settle twelve children in 
life. lie was fur sevend yeai's c(,imniissionei' 
of his county, and always gave satisfaction in 
the discharge of the responsible duties of his 
office, always working for the good of his 
county. He was a man of strict integrity, 
and his word was considered as good as his 
bond, and was respected and esteemed by all 
who knew him. 

,-|^ AlHHEL SIIIIOCK, of Harrison Town- 
1,U> &hi|), was born in Somerest County, 
'■T^'^ I'ennsylvania, ZS'ovember 18, 1831, son 
of Samuel and Christena (Ilarbaugh) Shrock, 
natives of Pennsyhania and ot' (lermaii 
descent. "When he was aljoiit a year old his 
father died, and he found a bomi' with his 
grandfather Ilarbaugh, with wImuu he li\e(l 
live years. After this he li\ed with an uncle, 
"William l\rclh-ide, with whom he lived until 
he reached his majority. He learned the 
cabinet maker's trade of his uncle, and came 
to Wells County with him, Ecbruary 21, 
1841. He commenced learning the trade 
when very young, and worked at it until he 
i-eacbed his majority, then started out foi' 
himself, without a dollar in money; but he 
had a strong aian and a willing heart. He 
was married J\Iay 23, 1851, to ^liss E. I!. 
Gottschalk, a daughter of Jacob (lottschalk, 
who was born in Germany and crossed the 
ocean when she was si.x years ohl. After 
bis marriage Mr. Shrock settled in Eluffton, 
where be worked at journey work until he 
earned enough tn establish himself in business, 
which he was able to do September Ki, 185(3. 
In 1873 his health failed somewhat and he 
was oljliged to change hisoccu]>atiiin. He then, 
encafed in carpentering. Septi'udier 7, iSSl, 







iiisroHY ub' wh'/./.s coi'A'ry. 

he removed to his present farm, whicli lie liad 
2)reviously piircliasod. Jt was then eovered 
with lieavy tiiuher, i)\it lie soon had it in a 
good state fit' eiiltivatioii. He now owns 
niiiet\'-iiiiii' and onedialt' acres of improvcti 
land. Mr. and Mrs. Slirock have had seven 
ehildren, live of whom are li\ ing — ilary J., 
wife of .lolm W. Owens; Sarah A., Jacob A., 
(leorge L. and Elizabeth I!. Two children 
died in infancy. The eldest daughter began 
teaching in llliitl'ton when fourteen years of 
age, and taught seven consecutive years. She 
was considered one of the best primary 
teachers in Indiana. Tlie children are all 
tittetl for teaching except the youngest, ^[r. 
Shrock has always been and is an honest, 
hard working man. ily his industry and 
good management he lias accumulated a good 
property. In politics he atiiliates with the 
Democratic pai'ty. 

ILSON DEAM,who is now deceased. 

/| was a native of Ohio, born near Uay- 
^ o/^-S ton in the year 1825. When a lad 
he came with his parents to Indiana, in 
which State lie grew to manhood. At the 
age of twenty-one he located at the present 
site of Ijluffton when this now thriving vil- 
lage could boast of but one dwelling. Here 
'Mv. Deam engaged in the livery business, as 
there was much travel, although the sur- 
rounding country was sparsely settled, and 
this business he conducted for a period of 
more tliaii forty years. For a number of 
years lie also operated the stage line, trans- 
porting passengers and carrying the mail be- 
tween JJluti'ton and Fort Wayne, and this 
associated with his livery made foi' him a 
lucrative liusincss. Mr. Deam was twice 
married, taking fur his lirst wife j\Iiss Han- 
nah iJurwell, daughter ot James I->urwell. 

Mrs. Deam died leaving one daughter — 
Francis M., now the wife Kobert Hart, of 
Kosciusko Oounty, Indiana. About a year 
after the death of his wife ]Mr. I)eam married 
^[rs. liicliey, widow of S. P. Kichey, and to 
this union were born four children — Belle 
K., wife of Kev. Thomas Wallace, of Dayton, 
Ohio; Harry and Ilattie (twins), the former 
being the wife of Professor Isaac C. Mulkins, 
of St. Joe, ]\Iissouri, and Ida M., wife of 
Kev. G. G. Gopeland, of Savannali, Ohio. 
]\lr. Deam died January 25, 1885, and was 
buried with ]\Iasonic honors, he having been 
a member of that society for nuuiy years. 
In politics lie was an unswerving Democrat. 
In religion he was a PresbN'terian, and was a 
liberal contributor to his church. He was 
of a genial and generous nature, and made 
man}' friends, and his death was a source of 
univei'sal regret. His widow still survives, 
and is living in the old homestead at Bluft- 
ton. Harry Deam, the only son, was born 
July 10, 1857, and was reared in the town of 
Plutl'ton, where he attended school until 
reaching the age of seventeen years. He 
then went to Fort Wayne and began clerking 
for Foster Brothers, and at the close of the 
year he was promoted to foreman of their 
mercantile establishment, where he remained 
three years. He then became foreman of a 
branch house of "W'illiam Lambert A: Co., 
located at Blooinington, Illinois, where he 
was engaged seven months, when he returned 
to Blutiton, and for two and a half years fol- 
lowing was in the employ of Wiley & Sunier, 
and A.Curry, all merchants of Bluffton. He 
then engaged as traveling salesman for the 
iirm of E. M. ]\IcGilliii & Co., of Clevel md, 
Ohio, for one year, when he again returned 
to Blnti'ton and formed a partnership with 
Pliilo Rogers in the dry goods business, with 
whom he was associated for one year. He 
was then appointed inspector and clerk of 

"N ■ "■■n-^ 

I ''<■■■ -I 

J - .1 I', . ■• .< > 

customs at Port Townsend, AVasliiiij^ton Ter- 
ritory, wliicli position he occiijiied for one 
year, wlieii lie was calleil lioiiu? owiiii^ to liis 
I'atlier's illness. He tlini cnii-aiiX'il on his 
own account in the notiun and millinery Itus- 
iness, which he conducted until ins father's 
death, and also owned an interest in the 
livery business with liis father. After his 
father's death he gave up his store and has 
since given his entire attention to the livery 
business. April 1(), lS8-i, he was united in 
niarriacre to Miss Marrrrie J. Craig, a danjjh- 
tcr of David and Eliza (Jraig. ilr. Deam is 
one of the enterjirisin^; and successful busi- 
ness men of Jjluffton. lie is a member of 
the i\[asonic lodji^e at P.lutfton, holding his 
membership since ISSO. J-'olitically he is an 
uncom])romisiiiy; l!e[)nblican. lioth he and 
his wife are members of the Presbyterian 

|mN])KEAV J. PRICKLE Y, of Union 
)/m 'l''J^^'"''l''P) '^^■^s born in iMahoningConn- 
■^i^ ty, Ohio, son of Andrew J. and Jane A. 
(Wolfcade) Prickle}-, who reared a family of 
eleven children in Ohio, and all except two 
eldest sons anil one deceased came to Indiana 
ill 1S()1, settliiii,'' ill 1! nntini,'-t(in County. 
Two sons, .loliii \V. and Martin V., came 
jirevious to this date, settling in Wells 
County. A sister, Sainantha, came the ne.xt 
year after the eldest brothei' made a location. 
Of the children living besides the three men- 
tioned are — ]\Iilo, Andrew, I'enjarnin, Frank- 
lin A. and (ieorge "\V. Three unmarried 
ilanghters died in Ohio. Andrew J. was 
sixteen vears of age when he lirst became a 
resident of Huntington Count}', and he re- 
mained with his fither nntil lie reached bis 
majority. "When twenty years old he was 
marrieil to ^liss Sarah I']. Hatlich, daui;-liter 

of Samuel and Sarah (Haney) Ilatlieh. The 
father was a native of Pennsylvania, and 
married in Ohio. They settled near Crest- 
liiK^, llichland (;Ouiity, where six children 
were boi'ii — Adfdine, ('arolino, Catherine, 
Hannah, Louisa and Sarah. The family re- 
moved to this State, settling in Rock Creek 
Township, AVells County, on a farm now 
owned by AV^illiam Cover. Here the parents 
remained until their decease. TJie children 
were all married previous to the death of 
their ]3arents — Adaline became the wife of 
William JMaddox; Caroline married John A. 
Dilley; Catherine is now Mrs. John W. 
Prickley; Hannah is the wife of Solomon 
Prown; Louisa married ^\^illialn Cover, and 
Sarah became the wife of our subject Janu- 
ary 1(], 1S(5S. ]\rr. and ^Irs. Prickley com- 
menced housekeeping on the t'arm of ^fi'. 
Prickley's father in Jluiitington County, and 
four years latei- Andrew ])urchased a farm in 
Union Township, this county. After clear- 
ing away tlie trees he built a small frame 
barn, into which they moved. The land was 
still in its original condition. The same fall 
a frame house was built, wdiich they at once 
proceeded to occupy. Two children, Liberta 
E. and Clement A., were born in Hunting- 
ton County, and Afinnie M. was born in this 
coiintv. They lived on this I'arm until the 
new town of lianner was surveyed and 
platted. Levi Waikel iiad ali'eady engaged 
in tlie mercantile business, and our subject 
in tlie S])ring of 18X3 purchased the stock 
and fixtures, taking possession of the goods, 
and in the autumn of tiiat 3'ear erected a 
liandsome residence. Two years later he 
sold out to John Taylor and purchased a 
grist-mill at Kelseyville, Allen County, in- 
tending to remove it to Panner City. Later 
he bi-ought the machinery to the village, 
placed it in position, and now operates with 
his machinery the handle and ball bat factory 


!:H 10 

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,■■'./: .>! ;.;::•!•, -r, 

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of tlic ]\Iiller Uros. In connection witli this 
liis niiiciiincry f'lirnislies tlic niiili\c [mwcr 
t'vv tlic saw-iriiU of Lcsi Wailscl, which hc- 
gaii t(i (iijci-.itc in IsSC. A mill has hccn ! 
d'cctcd tVir ifrindini;' ircil, ami he has all the 
machiiiL'i'v lur niakiiii,' Itiuir. Alth(MiL;h ;i [ 
ynunij man he is a jiii)neci' in this branch uf i 
Inibincss in the new town. Durintr the late i 
war ^[ilo was drafted in Ohio, but his father 
])rocurcd a substitute. John "W. and Martin 
^'. Were drafted after their removal to Indi- 
ami. John was disaliled and rejected; ]\Iar- 
tin served dni-ini;' the renndnder of the war, 
was discharged, was taken sick on the way 
lioine and died in ten days after his return. 

NEXKV 1'.. IlUKFJrAN, one of the 
proi^'i'cs^ive tanners of Jackson Town- 

■^i ship, Wells Clounty, Indiana, is a native 
of the same townslnp, the date of his birtli 
beini:; February 14, 1SJ:4, and is a son of 
Henry and Catharine (liaker) IluHinan. His 
fatlier beini,' a farmer he was reared to the 
san\e avocation, remaining on tlie home farm 
in Jackson Township until nineteen years of 
age. On leaving home he went to Clarke 
County, Ohio, returning- to "Wells County 
one year later. In the fall of 18G4 he entered 
the Union service, going lirst from \Varren 
to Wabash, thence to Indianapolis, tlience to 
Louisville, Kentucky, and from there to Nash- 
ville, Tennessee. He started from Nashville 
to join Sherman's army at Dalton, Georgia, 
hut arrived there too late, when he went to 
Cincinnati, Oliio, by way of Nashville and 
the Cumberhmd Iliver. From Cincinnati 
lie went to Columbus, Ohio, where he received 
his discharge in June, 1S05. After leaving 
the army he went to lilackford Oounty, Indi- 
ana, wliere he worked at the carpentei-'s trade 
about two yeai's. lie then went to Jonesboro, 

(irant County, going thence to l^Tarion, and 
from there to .Monroe Townslnp, Crant 
County, where he was married in April, 
1.S71, to Miss .^^argaret Catharine Thomason, 
a native of ( Irant County, Indiana, u daughter 
ot' .\bsalom and Uosie (Strange) Thoma.--(ni, 
who came from Highland County, Ohio, to 
(irant ( "ounty, where they made their homo 
until death, 'i'wo children have Ijcen born 
to ^Ir. and ]\Irs. HntfuKin, Levi Fi-anklin and 
one who died in infancy. Mr. Iluti'nnm 
lived in Monroe Township four years, when 
he removeii to Liberty Township, A\'ells 
County, and one year later came to the old 
IluH'man homestead in Jackson Township. 
In July of the same year he bought eighty 
acres of his present farm, to winch he at once 
i-emoved, adding to his original pui-chase 
twenty acres the same summer. A\'hen lie 
iii'st settled on this land about titty-three 
acres iiad been cleared, and a few hig build- 
ings had Ijcen built. His farm now contains 
ISO acres of choice land, of whicli 120 acres 
have been cleared and put under good cnlti- 
v.ition, and his present residence and farm 
buildings are comfortable and commodious. 
In the spring of 1877 lie erected his fine 
barn, l)uildiug his residence in the spring of 
187'J. P.oth :\Fr. and ^[rs. Iluffnuin are 
members of the (Mn-istian church, he being an 
elder of Pleasant Hill Church. Tolitically he 
is a Democrat, and while living in Crant 
County was elected justice of the ])eace. He 
is a member of King Lodge, No. "241), A. F. 
& A. M., at AVarren. 

'^AVID T. SMITH, attorney at law and 
justice of the peace, Blufi'ton, was born 
in Wayne County, tliis State, about 
1830, and mt>ved to IMutfton about 1857, 
when there were in the neighborhood of half 

) Vj-.--. r :ii 

I i 1: 


tj»-3omeBj fc fc^^^ rjj^iie>fT 



;i dozen oi\\('v iuwyors in the [)l;ice. Fur une 
term lie lillfd tlie positimi of disti-ict attor- 
ney of the Ooninion Pleas ( Vnut, lieing elected 
to that otliee just previous to the war. lu 
187*J he ^vas elected niavor ot' lllutrtuii, and 
s(M'ved in that capacity one term of two years. 
\t the next election thereat'ter he was chosen 
to his ]iresent ollice, to which he was re- 
elected in 1^S5. lie is also secretary of the 
Short-horn I'.reeders' Association. Ollice in 
the "Williamson iSlock. 

fOIIN K1-;FI'\ deceased, was horn in 
Franklin County, reunsylvania, April 
-,.i -i, 17'J3. His fither, Jacoh NefF, was 
horn in (Germany and came to this comitry 
hcforc the Revolutionary war. lie died in 
1777. His wife, Anna Jiarhara Copp, was 
also a nati\-e of the old country. Our suh- 
ject was reared on a farm in his native 
county. lie and his mother and one sister 
removed to Fairlield County, Ohio, which 
was then a new country. He was married 
in that county May 28, 1827, to Miss Cath- 
erine Xetf, daughter of John iS'eli', who was 
horn in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. 
Her father was horn in the old country, and 
was a soldier in the war of 1S12. ^Ir. and 
^[rs. Neif settled in Fairlield County, where 
they liveil ahont one year, then removed to 
Athens Co\uity, where Mr. Xelf followed 
farnnng until IStJo. JIc then came to this 
county -Aw\ purcduised his ])rescnt homestead 
on section 1^, Harrison Township, ilr. and 
Mrs. Nclf have had nine children, all of 
whom lived to be grown — Levi died in l>lulf- 
ton in 1884; Anna J).; Margaret E., deceased, 
was the wife of Samuel J<'riedline; Alary ]\I., 
deceased; Amelia and Sarah, twins (Sarah is 
deceased); Catherine, wife of Adam Parte- 
nialcy; Jacob .l.,and Caroline, wife of George 

lligman. J\lr. and I\!rs. Nelf were mend)ers 
of the i're.-bytcriau church. j'olitically Mi-. 
Xelf attiliated ^vith the Democratic piirty. 
They both died .March li), 1872, and were 
Iniried in one gra\e, nevci' having been sepa- 
rated for twenty-t'our hours since tlioir mar- 
riage. They had six children boi'u in Athens 
County. Jacob iS'elf, a sim of the preceding, 
was born in Athens County, Ohio, October 
28,1850. He lived on the farm in his native 
county until he was lifteen years of age, then 
came with his father to \Vells County, where 
he grew to manhood. He was married 
August 5, 1880, to .Miss Sarah M. Zirkel, a 
luitivc of West Virginia, and daughter of 
Noah and Nancy (Paiimgartner) Zirkel. She 
came to this county in the spring of 1880, 
and has since ix'sided here. Mr. and ]\h-s. 
Nelf had two chililren — Poiiisa Alay, born 
September 1, 1881, and Clara Virginia, born 
January 15, 1884. Mrs. Nelf died October 
14, 1885. In ])olitics j\[r. Nelf is a Demo- 

I^AMUEL II. GALYEAN, a represcnta- 
■y'^^^S, five of one of the early families of 
'^^ Lancaster Township, is a native of In- 
diana, born in Henry County, ilay 13, 1832, 
a s(»n of Thomas ami Tabitha (4alyean. Our 
suiiject is the o?dy one of his father's family 
who nuide jjart of the famil)' after coming to 
\Vells County, tiicy settling in Lancaster 
Township in 1842. He renuiined with his 
father until reaching the age of eighteen 
years, when he liegan life for himself. He 
has spent the greater part of his life in "Wells 
County, and has become one of its most I'c- 
S]iected citizens. He lived two years in 
AV^iync Comity, anil during that time, No- 
vember 14, 1852, he married Miss Edith 
Ellis, who was born in that county Sojjtcuibcr 

i I iM?LtaHS53)?JaL*^i?a *ai5;i"-^'^l.'L''iH^. is^^jS^'.a^'JiSlB 




23, 1838, a daughter of ^Mordecai and Uuth 
Ellis. l"]i^-lit children liave heen horn to tliis 
iinicin — Mrs. ^Mai-y Alice (iroNC, living in 
iXebraska; Thtinias .M. died in his tt)iirth 
year; Mrs. I'aliitha Olive Fox; Joliu Lee 
niarrieil I )ella (irti\c, and lives in Nebraska; 
Ephraiin M.died in liis si.xteentli year; Sam- 
uel 11., livini^' with his parents; Kacliel C. 
died in her seventeenth year, and Martha E. 
at home. ^Ir. Galyean settled on his present 
t'ai-ni in 1853 and for a sliort time occupied a 
hig cabin, lie then l)uilt a liewed log lionse, 
which has since been replaced by a commo- 
dious two-story frame iX'sidence, which the 
family now occujiy, and his other farm build- 
inijs are correspondingly good. The entire 
improvements on the hind have been made 
l)y our subject and his wile. Ilis farm is 
located on section 19, Lancaster Township, 
and consists of 120 acres of well cultivated 
land, all of which with the e.xception of live 
acres being cleared from the timber by Mr. 
(lalyean. In politics ^Ir. Galyean is identi- 
fied with the Repnblican party. Both he and 
his wife are members of the Christian church. 
]\Ir. Galyean was a soldier in the war of the 
Hebellion, enlisting in October, 1864, in 
( "ompany IJ, Fifty-tliird Indiana Infantry, 
his regiment being part of the Seventeenth 
Army Corps. lie served until the close of 
the war, ami was in line at the grand review 
at AVashington in June, 1865. Thomas 
Galyean, the father of our subject, was born 
in Xorth Carolina, Feliruary 22, 1787. He 
was a soldier in the war of 1812, serving a 
year, and after its close, in 1814, lie came 
with his father, Thomas Galyean, to Wayne 
County, Indiana. Thomas Galyean, Sr., was 
one of the patriots of the Revolution, serving 
four years and six months. lie died in 
AVayne County. Thomas Gidycan, the father 
of our subject, married Taljitha Warren, a 
native of Tenne.^see, born in the year 1789. 

Some years after their marriage they became 
pioneers of Henry (,'ounty, where they cleared 
a farm in the wilderness. They soUl their 
farm in Henry County in 1n37 and moved 
to I. a I'orte, La I'orte County, Indiana, where 
Jlrs. Galyean died soon after, leaving live 
children — Elizabeth, deceased, wife of Joseph 
Richey; Nancy, Sophia, Jane, and Samuel 
II., our subject being the only one now living. 
In 1842 the father came to Lancaster Town- 
ship, AV'ells County, and was here married to 
Mrs. Rachel (Pettit) Scott. He made his 
home on section 29 on a farm that had been 
opened up by James Scott, the former hus- 
band of ^Irs. (Talyean, and here he resided 
until his deatii, which occurred in 1861. His 
widow sui'vived him about ten years. 

(f^^LI ARNOLD, an active and enterpris- 
\rji, ing business man of Mount Zion, where 
^1 he is engaged in mercantile pursuits, is 
a native of Ohio, born in Wayne County, 
June 12, 1829, a son of Samuel B. and i\Iary 
(Phillips) Arnold. His father was a native 
of ^laryland and of English and (ierman 
ancestry, and at an early age was taken by 
his parents to Pennsylvania. When twelve 
years of age he wetit with his parents to Wayne 
County, Ohio, and there he grew to maidiood, 
and was married to Mary Phillips, who was 
born in the State of New York, of English 
descent. They made their home in Wayne 
County until about the year 1835, when 
they removed to Medina County, Ohio, and 
from there came to AVells County, Indiana, 
in October, 1838, by ox team, being three 
weeks in making the journey. Eighty acres 
of timber land had been entered in Jackson 
Township for Mr. Arnold before tliey came 
out, and wliile he was clearing a small place 
and building his cabin the family lived with 


(S^ t^^4^>2^^^/^ 


WilHani (Mark of Chester Township, whom were silenced ijy the four companies aljove 

they had known in Ohio. Mr. Arnold's 
caliin was 1>>.\20 feet in si/c, covered with a 
hoard and jiole roof, a hole cut in the wall 
served for a door, and this apei'ture was 
covered with a c^uilt. At first they had no 
fireplace, and their food was cooked on a lire 
hnilt hetween two sleepers. Samuel I*. 
Arnold came to the connty a ])oor man, 
having but 87 cents in hi.s pocket, hut being 
handy with tools he had no ditliculty in 
obtaining work. Game of all kinds was 
abundant, and -Mr. Arnold liecame one of the 
greatest deer hunters of the county. lie 
lived to enjoy the fruits of his years of toil 
and to see the snrronnding country change 
from a wilderness to its prosperous condition. 
He died January 16, 1875, at the age of 
seventy-five years. His widow still survives, 
and is making her home with a daughter 
who resides on a firm adjoining the old 
homestead. Although eighty years of age she 
is still active and does her own housework. 
Eli Arnold, the subject of tins sketch, was in 
his tenth year when brought by his parents 
to Wells County, and liere he was reared to 
manhood and educated in the schools of his 
neighborhood. He was a soldier during the 
war of the Rebellion, enlisting Septemljer ~5, 
1801, in Couqjany A, Forty-seventh Indiana 
Infantrv. His regiment rendezvoused at 
Camp Sullivan, Indianapolis, crossed the 
Ohio Kiver at Louisville, Kentucky. Their 
first engagement was at iS'ew ]\Iadrid, Mis- 
souri, and after the evacuation of that place 
by the rebels the latter occupieil Island No. 
10, and Mr. Arnold's company was one of 
four that dragged a cannon of twenty-four 
pound calibre to a ]»oint opposite Tiptonville 
by hand, wliere they dug ritle pits and masked 
their cannon and the following morning fired 
on the rebels while they were passing. The 
rebels came up with six gun-boals, which 

mentioned and their one cannon, and one 
rebel gunboat was disabled. ^Ir. Arnold 
was promoted to First Lieutenant, his com- 
mission bearing the date of October 19, lStJ2, 
and after that was in a number of minor 
engagements up to the siege of Vicksburg. 
He participated in the siege of Vicksburg, 
the engagement at Jackson, IMississippi, was 
in General Hanks' Red River expedition, and 
in the thirteen days' skirmishing wdiile 
building tlie dam across that river. After 
the Red River catnpaign, he was on duty 
along the Red, Arkansas and White rivers, 
and afterward in Tennessee. He was honor- 
ably discharged at Memphis, Tennessee, 
December 30, 1864, when he returned to his 
home in Wells Count}'. Mr. Arnold followed 
farming in AYells County until 1867, with 
the exception of the time spent in the service 
of his country, and in the fall of that year 
he bought an interest in a general mercantile 
store at Montpelier, Rlackford County, Indi- 
ana, to which place he removed. He remained 
in !Montpelier eight years, and the last two 
years spent there he carried on the business 
alone. He then moved to his farm near the 
old homestead in Jackson Township, where 
he followed agricultural pursuits four years, 
after which lie spent one year in the mercan- 
tile business at Dundee. He then started a 
store on his farm, wdiich he conducted four 
years. He then carried on business at Five 
Points abouttwenty months, when he removed 
to Mount Zion, wdiere he had established a 
store in February, 1885, and by his fair and 
honest dealings and genial and accommo- 
dating manners he lias gained tlie respect 
and confidence of his customers, and built up 
a good trade. Mr. Arnold has been twice 
married. For his first wife he married Han- 
nah Maria Nixon, March 22, 185-4, who died 
December 30, 1874. Nine children were 


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linin l(j tliis iiiii(iii,(if wlioiii live iu-e living — 
Saiiiiiel v.. iiiarric(l .Arflinihi, Slater, and 
rcsiiles ill l.aiie ('i.iuiity, Ivaiisas; AVilliam X., 
ut' .lackt^iiii 'i\j\vii^lii[i, iiiaiTictl Susan C". 
.MiilHU; l^li 1>. c'ai-i-ii'.-. on his father's store at 
^'an i'.iiren; Jennie J. ami Sehuyler C. Four 
ilieil in infancy- -Alice L., Melissa K., Thomas 
l'>. anil one \\li(i died unnamed. ^Ir. Arnold 
was married a second time dune KJ, 1S75, to 
^Miss l>ui'inda Hart, a native of Stark County, 
Uhio, and a daughter of John ^V. Ilart, who 
came from ()hio to Indiana, anil settled in 
JJlackford County. Three children have been 
born to this union — ^Vbner C, Susan ,1. and 
one wdio died in infancy. Mr. ^Vrnold is a 
memlier of the Masoinc I'raternitv, and also 
cd" the Patrons of Ilusl^andry. In politics he 
alKliates with the Kepnl.dican ]iarty. lie is 
an elder in the Christian church. Is at 
present and has been for several years a notary 

;T*|ETER Lull 11 FvOBISON, dentist, of 
1^ Jjlutfton, was born in h'ayette County, 
"^t Pcnnsvlvania, August S, 1853, a son of 
William Weimer and Soj)hia (Eicher) Kobi- 
bon. II is father being a minister his youth 
was spent in \arious places in Indiana and 
Ohio. From IBOO to 1873 he attended the 
Springfield Academy in Whitley County. 
In 1873 he engarred in the grocery business 
at Blutfton with J. II. C. Smith, wduch he 
followed for a short time, then abandoned 
it on account (d' ill health. He then went to 
Kenton, Ohio, and began the study of den- 
tistry in the dental r. oms of Di-s. Cady and 
Dugan, remaining under their preceptorship 
until the spring of 1875. He then returned 
to Blnfl'ton, where he practiced dentistry 
with Dr. Thomas Sturgis until 1877, under 
tlie firm name of Stur<ris A; Robison. He 

discontinued his jiractice on account of fail- 
ing health, and was variously emiJoyed un- 
til 1871). In that year he resumed the 
])ractice of dentistry at IJluifton with Dr. J. 
E. jMeri-innui, the lirm of lioldson i*c Merri- 
man coutinuino- until 1S81, wdien Mr. Merri- 
nnan retiix'd from practice. !Mr. llobison was 
nuirried at South Whitley ^May 18, 1875, to 
?iliss Willamette ]Merriman, daughter of Dr. 
Iv Mcrriman, of that place. Two children 
have been born to this union, named Homer 
Fl and Kellie. Politically Mr. Kobison is a 
Democrat. In the spring of 1881 he was 
elected city clerk of Blufi'ton, and was re- 
elected in 1883, tilling that position four 
years with credit to himself and satisfaction 
to his constituents. John iiobison, the great- 
gi-andfather of our siibject, was a native of 
Scotland, coming to America in a vei-y early 
day. He married a lady of German parent- 
aire, named Barbara L)umbauld. They set- 
tled in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, where 
they spent the remainder of their lives. The 
great-grandfather served all through the 
Revolutionary war. They were the parents 
of three children. Their only son, John 
llobison, was Iwrn in Fayette County, ( Octo- 
ber 30, 1785, and in 1803 he was married to 
Catlierine Weimer, who w-as of Gernnui de- 
scent. They settled on the old homestead in 
rennsylvania, where their children were 
born, three sons and five daughters, William 
AVeimer being the youngest son, and the 
father of our subject. He was born in 1824, 
and in 1817 was married to Sophia Eicher, 
and to this uni(m wei-e born four chihlren — 
Catherine, wife of William C. Williams, re- 
siding near BlnfFton; Peter Lohr, the subject 
of this sketch, and two wdio died in infancy. 
The father of our subject subsequently pur- 
chased tlie old homestead in Fayette County, 
residing there until 1859, when he sold tlie 
place and removed with his family to Adams 

? a "JQl? Bl!^ ISi ^ 3 TJSI ? 

'.X *•-»!"•« 



I-' i:i-..) -i.t 



moan A piiiga l sketch as. 


County, Imliiina, ami locateil in IJoot Towii- 
sliip, where he was soon after onlaiiieil as a 
]>aptist minister, lie hail chari^'e (if the 
J)a[)tist church at I '.liill'tnu fcir tweh'e yi'ars, 
when, in January, ls77, he went to C'ehnn- 
liia City, Indiana, ami hail chari^e of the 
church at that place fur three j'ears. In 
j\Iarch, ISSO, he accejiteil a call to iVuhurn, 
Crawford County, ()hio, and while there liis 
wife was taken sick, ami after a protracted 
illness died at the home of her son Peter 
Lolir, at ]jluirton, Indiana, April 13, 1881, at 
the age of fifty-four years. She was a faith- 
ful wife ami mother, and a devout Christian, 
and was esteemed by all who knew her. 
In the summer of iSSl the father returned 
to his native State and took charge of his 
old home church at Donegal, ^Westmoreland 
County. In Octolier, 18s2, he was again 
married to Cathei'ine So[)hia Ackermau. He 
is at ]jresent the pastor of the church at 


fnSEPII ]^[YERS, one of the prosperous 
and enterprising agriculturists of Wells 
-,v^ County, engaged in farming in Chester 
Township, was boi'ii in Clarke ('ounty, Ohio, 
the date of his birth being July 13, 1823. 
His parents, Abraham and Susannah (Pence) 
flyers, were natives of Maryland and Penn- 
sylvania respectively, the father being of 
English origin and the mother of Dutch an- 
cestry. They were married in Ohio, and 
made that State their home for many years, 
the mother dying in Ohio, Feliruary 5, 1859, 
when our subject was a young man. Soon 
after tlie mother's death the father came to 
Indiana and located in Wells County until 
liis death, January 1, 1864. Joseph Myers 
grew tu manhood in his native State, living 
in Clarke, Logan and otiier counties. He 

worked as a farm laborer in Ohio until the 
fall of ISoS, when he came to Wells Clounty, 
Indiana, and located on 160 acres of his pres- 
ent farm in Clu'ster Township. He had vis- 
ited the county sex'eral years previous when 
he purchaseil this land, making at that time 
but a small payment on his purchase, when 
he returned to Ohio, and every year he came 
to 'Wells County to make a payment until 
his laml was entirely paid for. His land 
was Covered with a lieavy growth of tim- 
ber, and was entirely unimproved, he liav- 
ing to clear a sj)ace for his buildings, and 
with the timber lie cut down he erected his 
hewed-log house. In Febriuiry, 1851, he was 
married to Miss Mary .Tones, a nativeof Ran- 
dolph County, Indiana, and a daughter of 
!Michael and Nancy Jones, who were early 
settlers of Wells County. They subseriuently 
removed to Huntington County in the fall of 
181)0, where the father died, January 29, 
1877, and t:ie mother December 31, 1878. 
Mr. Myers brought his wife to his jHoneer 
liome in the w'oods of Chester Township, and 
here they passed through many trials and 
hardships incident to life in a newly settled 
country, ilr. Myers afterward bought eighty 
acres of land, part of which had been cleared. 
He now has 320 acres of land, 205 acres be- 
ing cleared, all of his property lieing acijuired 
by his own exertions, the result of persever- 
ing industry and good management. He 
owned beside his jireseut property eighty 
acres wdiich he sold. ]\Ir. and ]\Irs. Myers 
are now surroundetl with all the necessary 
comforts of life, and have gained the respect 
and esteem of the whole community, and 
reared a family to honorable and respectable 
status in life. Their children are — James I!., 
a resident of Kingman County, Kansas; 
George II., of Ness County', Kansas; Nancy 
Elizabeth, wife of II. V. Lambert, of ICing- 
inan County, Kansas; AVilliani A., Maggie 

^ji fiiJ^ai^arii - rt-? 


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ami Daniel. In politics Mr. Myers is a Re- 
publican, lie is a member of the United 
Jirethren chnrcli. 

^OIIK A. COONS, p.-istor of the Chris- 
J-fj tian church at jS'ottingham, was Ijorn in 
^ Highland County, Ohio, October 6, 
1830, son of Michael and Elizabeth (Allison) 
Coons, the former born in Shenandoah 
County, Virginia, and the latter in the State 
of Delaware. The parents were inari-ied in 
Highland County, Ohio, and October 4, 
1837, they removed to Jay County, this State, 
where the father died l)eceinber 4, 1865, in 
the sixty-eighth year of his age. The mother 
is still living, and is in her eighty-eighth 
year. John A. was reared to farm life in 
Jay County, and this occupation he followed 
until he entered the ministry. He was mar- 
rieil in his native county August 14, 185G, to 
iMiss Catherine Hall, a native of Union 
County, Ohio, and to this union have been 
born ten chihlren, of whom two, AVilliam T. 
and Dora Melville, -are deceased. liv- 
ing are — Isaac ().; Mary Rebecca, wife of 
John (Gardner, Dennis, who resides in Black- 
ford Comity; Laura Olive, wife of John Mum- 
ford, also I'esiding in Blackford County; 
.Montille Orestus, Osro Nelson, Marvin 
Coons and Austin Decatur. Mrs. Coons died 
.March 21, 1880, and then Jlr. Coons decided 
to enter the ministry. He was first placed 
in charge of the congregation in Jackson 
Township, Blackford County, where he 
preached the gospel two years. He was 
then engaged at Silver Lake church, where 
he had charge two years. In December, 
1885, he received his call to the Nottingham 
church, and besides attending to this charge, 
he is doing a great deal of missionary work 
aronnd Wells, Randolpli, Jay, Blackford, 

Delaware and other counties. Mr. Coons- 
was married to his present wife July 31, 
1886. She was formerly Mrs. Anna M. 
Eifer, whose first hiisl)and was Dr. B. J. 
Lanning. Eebruary 2S, 1864, Mr. Coons 
enlisted in Company H, One Hundred and 
Thirtieth Indiana Infantry, and was assigned 
to the First Brigade, Seconil Division, 
Twenty-third Army Corps, under General 
John A. Schofield, (reneral Ilovey being the 
first Division Commander, General Haskell 
the second and General Ruger the last one. 
He was in the engagements at Resaca, Mari- 
etta, siege of Atlanta, Jonesboro and the two 
days' light at Nashville, which occurred De- 
cember 15 and 16, 1864. His last enj^aee- 
ment was at Kingston, North Carolina. 
They garrisoned Charlotte for seven months 
after the close of the war, and then returned 
home. He was discharged December 2, 1865. 
Mr. Coons was one of the charter members 
of Alexander Trimble Bost, No. 213, Red 
Key, Indiana, and was the first chajjlain of 
the post. He has held that office ever since 
its organization. 

,=r^EVI WAIKEL was born in Trumbull 
)\ I'ff County, Ohio, November 10, 1845, son 
-;,;-■' of Benjamin and Susan (Bailey) AVaikel. 
The father was born in December, 1817, and 
the mother February 26, 1822. Their eight 
children were — William, jSIary, Levi, George, 
Henry, Frank, Alice and Sarah. All are 
living except Jlary, and all are married 
and liave families. William married Olive 
Brough; George married Ilattie Meyers; 
Alice married John Stoffer; Henry was mar- 
ried in Iowa; Sarah became the wife of Beter 
Wickliffe, and Benjamin married Ann Woods. 
Levi passed his caily life on his father's farm, 
and when seventeen years of age enlisted in 

' ) 






i 1 





Company G, One lluiidred and First Indiana 
Iiilaiitry, Second lji-i:;ade, Tiiird Division, 
Foiirteentli Army Cdi-jis, He enlisted in the 
I'all i>i' lst)'2, and went into camp October 22 
at W'aliasli, Indiana, lie was in e\ery enj^age- 
nient in \sdiieli his regiment participated, and 
from the tight at Perryville he faced shot and 
shell nntil the rebels laid down their arms 
ami the nnoonditional surrender of the South- 
ern Confederacy was proclaimed thronghont 
the States both North and South, ile fought 
at Chickamauga, ilission llidge, Lookout 
Mountain, Buzzard lloost, Kenesaw Mount- 
ain, Peach-tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, 
Resaca, thence with Sherman to the sea, 
fought, marched and endured privations and 
dangers, and engaged in the last battle of the 
war — I'entonville. His i-egiment was on 
parade at the review in Washington, the 
grandest military display ever beheld on the 
American continent; and although foot-sore 
and weary from the toilsome march from 
Savannah, Georgia, to AVashington, lie par- 
ticijiated in all the honors of the review. At 
Chickamauga he and several of his comrades 
narrowly escaped capture. The rebels were 
stationed not twenty feet I'rom where our 
boys were lying iu the dry bed of a creek, 
and the balls whistled about them like hail, 
but all cscajied uidiarmed. Afr. Waikel was 
one of the ad\ance guards that captui'ei! a 
steamer carrying stores for the Southern 
army, and was one of the first to board the 
vessel as she steamed up to the wharf at 
Savannah, (-ieorgia. From no duty did he 
ever shirk, and nothing was too good for him 
if his cash held out. He paid i^lo for thi-ee 
plugs of tol)acco, as it was very scarce; but 
the boys found it out before he could conceal 
it, and taking the lot divided it among the 
crowd in spite of his protests. His health 
was considerably impaire<l from severe ex- 
?! posure. and he sutfered from rheumatism. 



After his return from the army he was mar- 
ried, October 2fi, ISGG, to ^Nfiss Cynthia C. 
Jarvis, daughter of Nelson and Friscilla 
(lirown) .larvis, the former a native of North 
Carolina, and the latter of Kentucky. They 
were married in North Carolina, and three 
children, Wilmotli, ]\Iartha A. and Gracie, 
were born in that State. The Jarvis family 
came to Indiana in 1845, locating at llush- 
ville. Two children, Jlary J. and Cynthia, 
were born there. They came to Allen County 
about 1849, and later to "Wells County, where 
Rebecca and John L. were Ijorn. The father 
is now deceased, and the mother is living 
with her j-oungost child in Union Township. 
After his marriage our subject worked several 
years at the carpenter's trade, a part of the 
time in Dickinson Count}', Ivansas, to which 
State he removed in 1871. lie took a home- 
stead claim of 100 acres, also owned and 
operated the first soap factory in Abilene. 
In the fall of 1880 he returned to Wells 
County, and has since been engaged in vari- 
ous occupjations. Jle has done considerable 
work in stone masonry, both in this county 
and in Kansas. When the Atlantic & Chi- 
cago Railroad was an assured fact Mr. Waikel 
purchased an acre of land tVonting his present 
residence, surveyed it into lots, erected a 
small store, put in a stock of goods, and is 
' entitled to the honor of selling the first goods 
ill the new town of Banner. He also built 
the first residence, and his family was the 
first to locate there. Their daughter Addie 
was the second child born in the village. 
]\Ir. and ]\rrs. Waikel have had eight chil- 
dren — Effa A., born December 22, 18(59; 
William J., born October 26, 1871; Benja- 
min F., born December 21, 1873; Alwilda, 
born April 15, 1870; Charles H., born De- 
cember 7, 1877; Lawrence D., born Decem- 
ber 18, 1882; Addie P.., born June 18, 1884, 
and Clinton Dewilla, born October 1, 1880. 



\v: i ACv. ^a 

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Air. AVaikel li;is liiiill twii Imsincss lioiisus 
;nnl twn l■L■^i(!^.■Iu•es in tlii' iiuw town uf J>:iii- 
iior, :iih1 ill JaiiiKiry, LSST, piireliased and 
lias in snccejsful operation the iirst saw-niill 
in tlic \'ilia''e. 

X^^EVI IIOOVKIl, fanner and inannfact- 
i '/jf nrer of tile, Jetl'ei'oon Townshiji, was 
-i^-.- boi'ii ill ALontgoiiiery County, Ohio, in 
1S2G. Ili.s parents, AVilliani and Sophia 
(Young) Hoover, remained , upon their I'arin 
in that county during their lifetime, and 
I'eared fourteen children, hesidcs losing three 
hy death. Those who reached maturity were 
— Feli.N, Caspai-, I-evi, dolin, JIartiii, David, 
Marion, Eliza J., Sarah, Susan, Itaciiel, Anna, 
Belle and Caroline. Oavid and Levi are 
residents of this cotintv, Caspar came to this 
county, married Elizabeth Davis, reai'cd five 
sons, and died here in 1800. Levi was married 
in Aliaini County, Ohio, to Miss Catharine, 
daughter of Michael and Elizabeth Hefner, 
ilay G, 1850, llcw Garsage, iiastor of 
the Methodist Episcopal church of Troy, 
ofliciating. July 28, 1853, Levi Hoover, 
with liis wife and two children, Adaline and 
Frank I'ierce, came to this county and made 
a location on the east half of section 23. 
This was then a comijar.ltively new country, 
and the woods were full ot'game. Mr. Jloo\er 
lias seen deer upon every section in this 
neighborhood. He erected the first log 
cabin upon the land, which he cleared and 
improved, making of it a nice farm. Here 
lie remained and prosjiered until 1S7-4, when 
he exchanged his farm for 160 acres of un- 
improved land, which he has since largely 
improved and cultivated. Numerous farm 
buildings now mark the thrifty farmer's 
acres. One can scarcely conceive that such 
impirovements could be made in a few short 

years, yet we cannot expect less, when men 
ol enei-gy and enterprise have made \\'ells 
County one ot' the liL-f.t gr.iiii producing sec- 
tion.s of Northern Indiana. J\Ir. Hoover has 
been three times married. To his first 
marriage were born Adaline, Frank I'., Har- 
riet E., Susan S., Kachel A., Sarah ,1., Mary 
I'., Martin, Valhuidigham, William A., 
Alonzo an<l Aiinor. The second wife was- 
formerly Elizabeth I'crry, and to this union 
was born one daughter — Viola. The third 
wife was formerly j\Iiss Jane Nash, and they 
were the parents of four children — Joseph IL, 
John L., and a pair of twins unnamed. Nine 
of tlie children are living in this county, and 
seven are married. Adaline married John J. 
Foughty, a resident of this township, and 
they have six children. Frank P. married 
Miss Ann Perry, who died leaving one child, 
Catherine Elizalieth; after her death Frank 
married Sarah P. Norton, and they have two 
children. Harriet E. wedded Simpson Todd, 
a brother of J. J. Todd, one of the most noted 
lawyers of this county, and has two children. 
Susan S. married Pyron Crowl, of Jefi'erson . 
Township; she was the mother of two chil- 
dren, and is now deceased, also one of the 
children. Pacliel A. became the wife of 
AVilliam A. Taylor, and died without cliil- 
di'cn. Sarah J. is the wife of David C. Hall, 
a carpenter by trade, and resides in Jelferson 
'i'ownship; tliey have tliree children. Mary 
]!. married jMelvin Kleiiiknight, a farmer, and 
has two daughters. iLirtin married Winnie 
IJouble, and they reside with the parents on 
the Jiome I'arm; they have had one child, now 
deceased. William ma^ried Sarah Nash, and 
they liave one daughter. My. Hoovei''s 
parents had seventeen children, Mrs. Hoover's 
parents liud seventeen children, and ]\Ir. 
Hoover is the father of seventeen children. 
Mr. Hoover has frequently been solicited to 
become a candidate for othcial lionors in his 



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towiislii]), but lias jiL-rsisteiitly (Jeclined, ]ire- 
ferrinir to devcitc liis time t(.i iiiijiruviii!^ liis 
lanii. In the spriii::; of ISSI^i he ami his son 
"William ami .Melviii I\ leiiiknii;ht lien'an the 
inumil'actui'e of tile on the land of Mr. Hoover, 
who, in the spring-, l^^fi, jmrehased the 
interest of Mr. Kleinknitrht, and with his sou 
AVilliam has since conducted the business. 
The clay is of superior ijuality, with a 
machine havini,' a capacity of 100 rods of 
iive-inch and eii^lity rods of six-inch tile per 
day. Their sales have been satisfactory and 
the business will be pushed during the season, 
as well as the manufacture of bi'iek. 

ITllA r.. GO()l)SrKKl),of irarrison Town- 
Jj I ship, was l.iorn in Athens County, Ohio, 
ip April 13, 1S27. His father, Nathan 
Goodspeed, was born June 9, 1705, in ^lassa- 
chusetts. His mother, Thankful (ilolwey) 
Goodspeed, was also a native of Massachusetts. 
The parents I'eiiioveel to Ohio in an early 
day. Our subject was reared on a farm, and 
remained with his parents until his marriai^e, 
which occurred ^larch 25, ISGO, with Miss 
Harriet N. Armitage, daughter of George 
and ]\[aria (Waril) Armitage, the father a 
native of Pennsylvania, ami the mother of 
AVasliington Goiinty, Ohio. ^[rs. Goodspeed 
was born in Athens County, Ohio. After 
his marriage Mr. Goodspeed followed farm- 
ing in liis native county until the fall of 
1SG5, when he removed to this county, where 
his father's family had settled one year pre- 
vious. January 7, 18GG, the father died, and 
the mother, August I'J, 1874. After the 
death of the father ^Ir. (foodspeed purchased 
the homestead of the heirs, and now has 120 
acres on bcctiou IS, Harrison Township. 
]\Ir. and Mrs. Goodsj)eed have had four 
children, three of whom are living — George 

AV., Francis M. married Hannah Bell Mark- 
ley, ami [laniel II. Thankful O. died February 
14-, 187;^, aged twenty-three years. In politics 
Ml', (ioodspccil is a Republican. 

A]\[UEL KUNKLF], grain dealer, was 

fl born in Crawford County, Ohio, in 
1843, a son of Michael and Julia(Mason) 
Kunkle. AVhen he was four yeai's of age his 
mother died, and his father afterward married 
^fary A. Ivleinknight, who acted well a 
mother's part. To the first marriage were 
born five children, only two now surviving. 
To the second marriage were born seven 
childi'cn. Soon after his second marriage 
iHchael Knnkle, with his family, removed to 
Adams County, this State, settling upon a 
farm near Decatur. Two years later they 
removed to AVells Count}', and located in 
Lancaster Township. Two years previous 
to his death Michael removed to Bluflton. 
His wife still resides in that city, and her 
two youngest sons live with hei-. Our sub- 
ject purchased a tract of land u])on which the 
village of Tocsin is now located. His mariiaire 
with Miss Elizabeth Blue occurred the yesir 
previous, and the young couple began domes- 
tic life in a small log cabin built in the 
woods, which was afterward cleared and cul- 
tivated by Mr. Kunkle. Here they remained 
nntil 1881, when they removed to Missouri; 
but the building of the Chicago and Atlantic 
Railroad opened a good thoroughfare from 
east to west, and his brother-in-law, INHchael 
])lue, insisted that he should return and lay 
out a town uj)on his land, it being (luite a 
favorable location. After their return JMr. 
Blue surveyed a forty-acre tract into lots in the 
spring of 1882, and the iirst business hou»e 
was erected the same seivsoii. He opened 
a stock of general meichandise, was appointed 






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first postmaster, wliicli office lie lield until 
Fei)ni:iry, 1887. AVcsley Sowers erected the 
tirst residence, iiml Dr. lieri^Muan \v;is the first 
physician. The lirst opain was piirchased l>y 
Mr. Kiiid<le. in which business he is still en- 
gaged. The t'aviirable location has given the 
town a growth that is truly surprising, and 
large shi])nients of wood, heading bolts and 
grain are made. ^Ir. Kunkle has purchased 
and shipped twenty-tive cai-s of grain since har- 
vest in 188C). The town is destined to become 
a tine trading point, and now has a popula- 
tion of abont "200. The residences are neat 
and sul)stantial, and everything presents a 
neat and tlirifty ajipearance. Little did Mr. 
Kunkh; tliinlc, while clearing the heavy tim- 
brr iViini his land, that a railroad and a thriv- 
ing \illam- would soon cover the most of liis 
land, and he become the proprietor of a 
village. A tine residence, two stories in height, 
marks the site of the old log cabin in which 
this worthy couple began their married life; 
and their house is, in fact, the hostelry of 
the village. Mr. and Islvs. Kunkle have 
oidy one child — Iva Desco, a bright little 
girl, now four years of age, the first child 
born in Tocsin. 

fOIlN II. OKMSBY, clerk of the Wells 
Circuit Court, was born in Trumbull 
~,^ County, Ohio, May 24, 184-1, a son of 
Alexander and Xancy (AVolfcale) Ormsby, 
the former a native of Trumbull County, 
Ohio, of Scotch-Irish ancestry, the latter of 
Virginia, of German ancestry. His grand- 
father, George Ormsby, came from County 
Donegal, Ireland, about 1797. His grand- 
father AVolfcale moved from Loudenville, 
Virginia, to Ohio about 1807. Ilis father 
M-as born March 24, 1800, and died March 
20, 187G. His mother was horn December 

12, 1801, and died December 12, 1877. The 
subject of this .sketch had live brothers and 
five sisti.'rs. eight of whom are now living. 
His paients were married in Ohio and moved 
to Wells County, Indiana, in 1852 and settled 
on a farm in Union Township, where they 
resided until called away by death. He 
received his education in the common schools 
of Wells County, Hoanoke Seminary and Fort 
Wayne College. He began teaching when 
eighteen years of age, and has taught in all 
twenty-two terms in the schools of Union 
Township. In August, 1862, he enlisted in 
Clompau}' G, One Hundred and First fiegi- 
ment Indiana Volunteers as a private, and 
was discharged as a Sergeant July 3, ISIIS. 
In June, 1873, he was elected su])erintendent 
of the schools of AVells County and sei'ved two 
years, declining a re-election. During 1880 
and part of 1881 he was a teacher in the 
Ileform School at Flainfield, Indiana. He 
was also in the mercantile business at ZaiifS- 
ville from 18C9 to 1873. In the fall of 1882 
he was elected clerk of the Wells Circuit 
Court and re-elected in 188G. He has always 
been a pronounced Democrat and ever alive 
to the interest and success of his party. He 
was first married to Miss Samantha Leeper, 
who died in September, 1872. He was 
married to his present wife May 12, 1875. 
Her maiden name was Jennie Ray, a daugh- 
ter of George and Virginia (Morrison) Kay, 
of Ivichmond, Virginia. 'Fhey ha\e one 
child. Homer M., born November 17, 1877. 
lie is a bright boy around whom their fondest 
hopes cling. Mr. and Mrs. Ormsby are 
niembers of the Presbyterian church in 
Bluffton, of which ]\Ir. Ormsby is a member 
of the board of trustees. He is also a mem- 
ber of Lew Dailey Post, Ko. 35, G. A. P. 
He is a believer in the doctrine of total 
abstinence from all tliat can intoxicate. He 
is a popular and efficient officer, obliging and 



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paiiis-tiiking in the discharge cii' liis duties. 
His wii'eis intelligent, generous and charitable 
and is a valuahlu lalioi'er in Siinday-Bchool 
and cliui-ch Wi^rli. 

'^p[ II. KING, pri)])rietor of the roller 
Iflfe mills at Lihcrtv Center, was horn in 

^L** Stokes County, North Carolina, May 
3, 1S22, son of Johnson and Margaret (Stan- 
ley) Iving. AVlien he was ahout eight years 
of age his parents removed to Delaware 
County, this State, whei-e his father entered 
land tVom tlie Government. Both parents 
died the following summer, about one month 
apart, leaving six chihlren, our subject being 
the youngest. In the fall of IS37 he and his 
elder brother, Johnson, came to Wells Coun- 
ty, where Johnson entered eighty acres of 
land from the Government on sections 21 and 
22, Liberty Townshij). They were tlie tliird 
family in the township. They unloaded their 
goods under an oak tree and immediately be- 
gan to clear a place on which to build their 
log cabin. In lS-i3 this brother died. G. 
II. was then in his twent3'-first year, and had 
jireviously purchased eighty acres of lieavily 
timbei-ed land on section ST, Liberty Town- 
ship, whore he began clearing a farm for 
himself and lived there until 1857. February 
2.J, 1S41, he was married to Miss Susan Men- 
dcnhall, daughter (if iienjamin and Margerj' 
]Meiulenliall, who was boiTi in [Miami County, 
Ohio, and came to AVells County in 1889. In 
1S57 ]\[r. King sold his farm and purchased 
eighty acres ot improved land in the same 
township, where he followed farming until 
1805. lie again sold out and purchased an- 
other farm upon which he built a saw-mill, 
and followed farming and milling until 1879, 
then removed to Liberty Center and engaged 
in the mercantile business. In 1882 lie gave 

his business into the hands of his youngest 
son, and erected the tirst ilouring-mill in 
Liberty Center, its iJimensions being 2(1x36 
feet, with an engine room IS x 30 feet. In 
1887 he put in a full line of rolls with all 
other machinery necessary to do good work, 
and now manufactures iirst-class Hour. Mr. 
King has held the ofhce of township clerk 
seven years, magistrate four years, county 
commissioner three years, township trustee 
twelve years and several other local ottices. 
Mr. and Mrs. King have had twelve cliildi-en, 
ten of whom are living — Mai'gery, wile of 
Saul Foust; Matilda J., who died at the age 
of two years; ]\rary E., wife of J. J. Eigbee; 
Benjamin J.; Emily C, wife of Adam Foust; 
Amanda J., wife of J. L. ilills; W. II., died 
in infancy; "W. 11, also with his father in the 
mill as a partner; John II., a farmer of Lib- 
erty Township; Lydia, wife of Benjamin 
Foreman; Henry, a merchant of Liberty 
Center, and Laura, at home. Benjamin J. 
has a farm of eighty acres besides his mill- 
ing interests. Politically Mr. King affiliates 
with the Democratic party. lie has been a 
resident of Liberty Township over fifty years, 
and has secured the confidence and esteem of 
all who know him. 

I^BRAM SIMMONS, of the firm of 
Simmons, attorneys at 
•as born in Randolph 
County, Indiana, and removed with liis par- 
ents to Wells County, where he received tiie 
rntliments ot a common school education in 
the district schools of Wells County. He 
afterward entered the Fort Wayne College in 
1880, in which institution of learning he re- 
ceived his education. He commenced read- 
ing law with Messrs. Dailey & Jlock in the 
month of April, 1882, and was admitted to 

|M Dailey, ]\Iock it 1 
■s" law, Blutfton, wj 



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]>riic'tiec at tlii' I'iliiti't<iii liar Novcmlior i!0, 
l'S'^1-, entered into a partiiri'.-liiii witli tlie 
alio\e-iianie(l (reiitleiiieii i>ii the tir.--t day <-d' 
.laiiuary, lSN(i, since \\lii(di lime lii^ lias lieeii 
a meiiilier of the law iinn ul' I)ailey, .Nfciek iV 
yiiniimns, of llluti'tun, Indiana, in wliieli eitj- 
lie now resitles. 

f^OlIX C. r.AU.MCAirr.NKU is a native 
"«i ■ of AVells Comity, Indiana, Ihm-ii in llar- 
^^ risoii Township in l)eeeinher, 1S5-1, a 
son of Christian and Catherine (Lehman) 
J'aumgartner, natives of Canton Ik'rne, 
Switzerland. His father was first married in 
"Wayne County, Ohio, and \vith liis family 
removed to AW'lls County, Indiana, where 
his wife died, leavini^ seven ehildren. In 
1.^52 lie married Mrs. Catherine liaiimgart- 
ner, widow of John iianmgartiier, to whom 
she was marrietl in Switzerland, and after his 
death with her two sons, Jacob and ('leophas, 
came to America. The iirst named enlisted 
in the war of the Rebellion and served nearly 
three years. lie was wounded at the battle 
of Kashville, Tennessee, and was captured, 
and taken to Libby ])rison, where he died. 
Cleoplias iiraeticed medicine a number of 
3'ears, and then became a minister of the 
gospel, and is now living at Elkhart, In- 
diana. John C. I'aumgartner was reared 
in his native township, remaining at 
home until 1880, wdicn he left the farm, and 
until 1884 was engaged in uiaiiufacturing 
lumber. In 18S4 he lost his left arm by an 
accident in his mill, and was olJiged to seek 
other employment. After his recovery he 
was employed as agent for a jmblishing house 
for a time, and in the spring of 1886 began 
clerking for Justus, Clark iV: P.eil, hardwai-e 
dealers at IJlnft'ton, remaining with them a 
short time, when he engaged in the abstract 

business. In Xovembei-, ISSO, lie was elected 
i\.eorder of \\'(dls Ciuinty, his duties begin- 
ning in Xo\ember, bSS". M r. ISiiiimgartner 
was imirrifd |)i;cembcr 2ti, ISTS, to Mary A. 
A>libauclier, daughter of John and Anna 
(Schene) Ashbaucher, of French Township, 
Adams County. They have two children — 
Charles Edwin and Orou Winfield. ]\Ir. and 
ilrs. Bauingartner are members of the 
English Ileform church at Ijlnifton. Mr. 
I^aumgartner in politics is a Democrat. lie 
is a member (pf lUiiH'ton Lodge, No. 1,838, 
K. of II. 

,|^EOUGE AV. HUFFMAN, a son of John 
M:t? and Susannah (Myers) Ilulfman, is a 
^L native of Indiana, born in Salamonie 
Township, Huntington County, January 27, 
1847. His father, .l(din Huffman, was born 
in Clarke County, ( )hio, a son of Jacob Huff- 
man, one of the earliest pioneers of Clarke 
County. John Huffman was reared in Clarke 
County to a farm life, and was there married 
to Susannah Myers, who was also a native of 
Clarke County, her parents coming to that 
county from A^irginia in an early day. In 
184:t) the parents of our subject removed by 
team to Indiana and located on a tract of 
eighty acres in Salamonie Township, Hunt- 
ington County, which Mr. Huffman had 
purchased about two years before. Their 
land was then in a state of nature, being 
thickly covered with timber. AVliile J\lr. 
Huffman was clearing a part of his land and 
erecting his pole cabin, he and his wife lived 
with his brother Henry, who lived across the 
line in AVells County. This cabin was built 
with a weight pole roof and four foot claji- 
boards, and stood on his land about eight 
years, but during this time he had built a 
liewed lotr house, and in 185U he erected a 



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irood two-story frame house. Mr. llutl'inan 
and family experienced many of the jiriva- 
tions and liardrtiiijjs whicli n.^nally I'all to tlie 
lot of tlie pioneer. (Jame was \'ery ]dentifnl, 
Lut he was no linnter, anil never owned a 
gun, a rare thing for an early settler, lie 
died in September, 1N()1, ai;ed lifty years. 
In politics he was a lil'e-lonLC 1 >emoi-rat. He 
was a member of the (ierman I]aj)tist church, 
having joined it about three years before his 
death. His widow is also a member of the 
same church. She is still living un tlie old 
honiesteail at the age of seventy-one years, 
(ieorgo W., the subject of this sketch, was 
rearetl in his native county, remaining on the 
old homestead until coming to AVells County 
in 1870. lie was united in marriage iS'ovem- 
ber ij, 1SG8, to ]\Ii.~s Sarah C. Nelf, who was 
born in Liberty Township, Wells County, in 
1850, a daughter of Jacob ami Mary Xeff. 
Of the three children born to ]\[r. and Mrs. 
Huffman one son, Oscar, is deceased. Tliose 
living are named — Ella May and Charles 
AVayne, the latter being called Wayne in 
honor of Anthony Wayne, who was a distant 
relative of his mothei-. In the fall of 1870 
Mr. and ilrs. Huffman settled on eighty 
acres of land in Wells County. He had 
owned the land some two years previous, and 
before ccming here had made a small clearing 
and put up a hewed log house inU) which 
they removed, and in the spring of 1883 he 
erected their jiresent resilience. He has 
cleared lifty-live acres on that ])lace and 
underdrained it, making it a valuable farm. 
They now own about 113 acres of land, lying 
in Jackson and Chester townships, which 
property has been acquii-ed by persevering 
industry and good management. Hotli _Mi'. 
and i\Irs. Huffman are members of the United 
brethren church at Mount Zion, of which he 
is steward. I'olirically he aliiliates with the 
Democratic pavtw and lia'- li<dd the otlirc i.f 

supervisor, and is at present a member of 
the Wells County Democratic Central Com- 

l.VTUICK :\I(CAFFUKY, deceased, was 
■ born in County Tyrone, Ireland, in the 
"^■k year 1845, and was a son of James and 
Lizzie (Irvin) iVfcCaffrey. He was reared in 
his native country until attaining his eight- 
eenth year, when he immigi'ated with his 
father's tamily to America. The father had 
come to America seven years before, and 
worked on his farm of 120 acres which he 
had entered in Chester Township, Wells 
County, Indiana, until he returned for his 
family. After coming to this country they 
located in DaytdU, Ohio, and after remaining 
there about three weeks Patrick and his 
father came to Fort Wayne, leaving the rest 
of the family in Dayton. They came on 
foot from Fort Wayne to Wells County to 
ins])ect their future home in Chester Town- 
ship, whicli the father had imjiroved from a 
state of nature, and later brought his fam- 
ily here. Thinking his tarni too small for 
his family he located on a larger one belong- 
in"- to his brother John, wIkj lived in Piqua, 
Ohio. James iMcCaflVey died March 17, 
1882. His widow still snr\-i\-es, and is now 
a I'csident of Alorris County, Kansas. Fat- 
rick i\IcCaffrey, our subject, was united in 
marriage November G, 1868, to Miss Catha- 
rine !Meehan, a native of Ireland, born in 
County Donegal, a daugliter of Patrick and 
Winnifred (McGroaty) Mcehan, of whom her 
mother died in Ireland. Her fiither after- 
ward came to America and died in Spring- 
field, Ohio. Six children were born to Mr. 
and Jlrs. 'McCaffrey, named as follows — Liz- 
zie, Janies, Charles, Mary, .\nnie and AVill- 
i:im. Mr. McCaffrey resided in Wells County 

i.^J»5"'i^^'"^""^i*» T^J' 

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JIlSTOUr <}/'' Wh'l./.s COUAT) 



IViiiii tliu time lie first locateil lieie until 
Lis ileatli, \\lii(.-li oCiMiri'i'd .laiiuaiy 2^, ISS-I. 
Li 1S71 hf purcliasi'il eiglitv acres of land in 
('lioter Tuw iis]n]j, wliicli is still oceupieil Ity 
liis widow. llu was a kind and atleetionate 
liiisliand and father, and a L;o(_id neighbor, am! 
was held in high esteem hy ^H wlio knew 

fOIIN A. AVALKEIl is one of the few 
men that were horn and reared in Wells 
',c County. His parents were Leonard S. 
and Melinda (^Davis) AW'dker, who eame t(j 
Hush Count}', this State, wdiile yet unmar- 
ried. Leonard was lioi'u in ^«oi'th Cai'olina, 
son of didiii ^\'alker, also born in that State, 
and when he settled in Tl\ish County in 1S21 
hail his second wife with him. John brought 
several children of his iirst marriage with 
hiin — AVilliam, Leonard, James, John, ]\[ere- 
dith, Hiram, Elizabeth, JMary and Sarah. 
AVilliam is thfe only one living in this comity. 
JjConard was married in Rush County before 
he became a resident of AVells County, in 
ISit). ]Ie was one of the early settlers of 
this neighboi'hoofl, locating tirst on the north- 
east (juarter of section 4, which he entered. 
The village of Zanesville was laid out upon 
this land Alarch 4, 1S49, by himself and his 
brother James, and quite a flourishing vil- 
lage grew upon the site. Two daughters 
were born in Hush County before Leonard 
and his wife caine to this county — Mary, now 
]\[rs. Jacob Deaner, and Sarah, wife of Edwin 
Ilich, of Fort AVayne. Nine children were 
born in this county — John A., who married 
Allie Austin; Nancy, wife of Calhoun Mc- 
Lride; Elias,who married Ella M. Brubaker; 
Jennie, wife of Oscar A'oung; EmanueL de- 
ceased; h'rank, who married Jennie Dorsie, 
and Allie, 1 )ora and Emma, who live with 

thi'ir ]>arcnts, who have been i-esidents of 
I'oil Wayne for the last ten years. After 
remaining on his land tor about seven years, 
he sold and ]jnrchased land on .-ection 12, 
Luion Township, this county. In 1S76 he 
removed to Foi't Wayne, having accumulated 
a competency. lie served as county com- 
missioner four terms. John A. AValker, our 
subject, was married to Aliss Allie Austin, 
January 1, 1874, IJev. T. M. Lurnan yev- 
forniing the marriage ceremony. Her father, 
Dr. C. P>. Austin, was formerly a physician 
at Xoblesvillc, Indiana, and came to Zanes- 
ville, this county, in 1S70, wliere he |)racticed 
his pi'ofession a number of yeai's, during 
which time he was elected l)y the Democi'atic 
jiarty to the General Assembly iVom Allen 
County. After his term e.\pired lie removed 
to Blulfton, where his wife died June 24, 
1877. After a short time the doctor re- 
moved to Indianapolis, where he engaged in 
the insurance business. AA''liile a resident of 
that city lie married Mrs. Joanna Erown, 
whose tirst husband was a banker of Hoops- 
ton, Illinois. They reside at A'eedersburg, 
this State, where the doctor practices medi- 
cine. To his tirst marriage were born seven 
children — Thomas L., Allie, Josephine, Or- 
lando, Delia, Elmer E. and Edward K. 
Tliomas r>. was a soldier in the late war, 
enlisting when eighteen years of age in a 
cavalry regiment, and serving during the en- 
tire war. After his return he began the 
practice of dentistry, wdiich he still continues. 
John A. attended school at Itoaiioke, Indi- 
ana, and at Toledo, Ohio, then began teacliing 
in this county and taught ten consecutive 
winters, the last three terms being after his 
marriacre. Li 1878 he was elected township 
trustee, serving one term. In 1880 he pur- 
chased his present farm, and he and his wife 
becraii their married life in the old log cabin 
which still stands north of and adjoining 





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the t'iiriii of Joliii ("iiss. It was the first 
foi'ty-ac'i'e tract owned by oiir subject in 
AVells Oouiity. His present I'arin was one 
of the first farms cleaivd in this township, 
and was at that time owned by kSainuel B. 
Calej, Esq., one of the lirst settlers in the 
neigliborhood. Mr. AValker l)nilt a liand- 
sonie country residence, modern style, in 
18S2. ^Ir. and !Mrs. Walker have one son — 
Earlie J., born l'Y>bruary 20, 18S0. Mrs. 
Walker was born in New Paris, Preble 
County, Ohio, March 5, IBl'J, and Mr. Walk- 
er in Union Township, this county, March 1, 

:ILLIAM 15U]\rr;AR.\EK, of Ilarri- 
"l'IA'VH S'^" Township, was born in J\Iason 
[■"Jy^r-l County, AVest Virginia, July 12, 
1837. Ilis lather, Sanuiel Uumgarner, was 
born in Shenandoah County, Virginia, son of 
JJavid Pumgarner, who was probably born in 
Germany, and when a hoy his parents emi- 
grated to Mason County, where he was 
reared (ju a farm, and married Rebecca 
Oliver, a daughter of Thomas Oliver, who 
came from Greenbrier County, Virginia, to 
Mason County, when quiet young. He was 
a soldier in the war of 1812, and liis father 
served in the Revolutionary war and also in 
the war of 1812. After his marriage he 
settled u))on a farm in ^[ason County, and 
fiilloweil farming during the remainder of his 
days. II is eleven children all lived to be 
grown and married. He died in 1850, aged 
fifty-six years, and his wife died in 1884, 
aged eighty-nine jears. Our subject was 
reared on a farm in M;ison ('ounty and lived 
with his mother until the breaking out of the 
civil war. lie was one of the first to go 
foi'th in defense of union imd liberty. He 
and one bi'other wcru the oidy ones in their 

precinct who hail the courage to vote for 
Abraham Lincoln, this bi'ing his first presi- 
dential \ote. He eidistcd .iune 5, 18(jl, in 
Company A, Eourth Virginia Infantry, but 
did not need to get far fi'oni home to find 
war, as he was in the midst of continual 
skirmishing. lie partici]>ated in the battle 
of Charleston and siege of Vicksburg. 
When a call was made for a storming party, 
he was the oidy one of his conijiany who 
volunteered. He carried a board in front <if 
him, wliich was pierced with lit'teen bullets. 
He was one of a few that returned to his 
Command. His reginient was one that 
crossed the river on j)iintoon boats to cajt- 
ture the pickets, and met with a very narrow 
escape. He was the third man who reached 
the summit of Mission Ridge. During this 
w'inter his health was very poor and lie 
obtained a furlough. He served three years 
and one month, and was honorably discharged 
July 4, 18G4, having never been under arrest, 
or in the guard-house except when on duty.' 
lie contracted diseases from exposure and 
hardshijis, from which he never recovered. 
After the war he I'eturned to his home in 
West Virginia, where he followed the car- 
penter's trade until June, 1872. He was 
married August 31, 1862, to A. L. Armitage, 
dauo-hter of George and ^NFaria Armitage. In 
June, 1872, he came West with his wife and 
four children, coming with a two-horse team. 
His father-in-law accompanied them to 
Southern Kansas, remaining in Emporia for 
a time, then returned and settled near I'lufi- 
ton, this county, where he has since followed 
the carpenter's trade in connecti'^n with farm- 
incr. Mr. and i\Irs. Ihimgarner have had 
nine children, seven of wdiom are living — 
Frances A., wife of Charles Cole; Marion W., 
John C, Reazin II., Ilattie E., Clara E. and 
Ira E. Mary ami Maudie (twins) ilied in 
infancy. Mrs. Pumgarner is a member of 





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tlio Cliristian cliurcli, iiiul in polities Jfr; 
iluiiigurnei' is nit iiiieuiii])i'(iniisiiig la'])iili- 

•IJ.LIA.M GILIiKKT, one of tlie pio- 
:\)i:,\jji neers of AVulls (,V)iinty, Indiiuia, and 
I'^.i^^H an activo and cntcTjirising farmer of 
Cliester Towiibliip, is a native of Jlicliigan, 
liorn near \']i>ilanti May 2i, 1835. His 
parents. "William ami l']lizal>etli (Moore) Gil- 
hei't, were natives of li!ast Ivent, England, 
and in ls;i() immigrated to America, settling 
in Canada within thirty miles of Alontreal. 
l'"i-oin Canada they removed to Washtenaw 
Comity, ]\Iiclngan, remaining there nntil 
Septemher, 1887, when they came to Wells 
County, Indiana, making the journey by 
team, following the Indian tiail from Fort 
Wayne to Senlile Creek. Here the family 
.'settled in (Uiester Township, section 30, (.)n a 
tract of 264: acres of timhei' land, which the 
father had purchased the winter het'ore. The 
iir.-st three weeks after their arrival in the 
county they camped on Henry ^rcCullucli's 
])lace, he lieing their nearest neighbor. While 
eno-aijed in running olf the line of the land 
the father cut his foot severely, wliich laid 
him up and he was obliged to hire a space 
cleared on his land for the erection of his 
cabin, and also to have his cabin built for 
him. .\lthough game was very plentiful in 
the early days of the couuty, Mr. Ciilbert was 
no luiiiter, but devoted all his time to clear- 
ing and impro\ ing his land. The iirst winter 
spent in the county he bought thirteen deer, 
and hauled all liis provision from the Gritlin 
]\[ill on Walnut Creek, about twenty or 
twenty-five miles distant, being obliged to 
nu^ke a road to get there. The wheat was 
ground in those days, but not bolted, and all 
the tiour used then was unbolted. The father 

died June Ki, 1850, the mother surviving 
until July 4, 18()(). 'i'hey were the parents 
ol' seven chihli'en, four of whom are living — 
Eleanor, wife of Isaac Jionham, of Lawrence 
C(junty, Indiana; John, A\'illiam, and Eliza, 
now iilvs. iM iller. ( )f those deceased two died 
after reaching nniturity — Ann, wife of Will- 
iam Sargison, and I^li/.abeth, wife of (ieorge 
Graves, and Thomas in his infancy. AVilliaiii 
Gilbert, the subject of this sketch, was in his 
third year wdien lu\iught by his parents to 
AVells County, and was i-eared in Chester 
Township, lie received Ins early education 
ill tlie subsci-iption schools, and for a coujde 
of years had the advantage of the juiblic 
schools. P'ebruary 'J, ISSSJ, he was married 
to Miss Elizabeth Hammond, a native of 
Ohio, and a daugliter of Jose]Ji and Judith 
(Henson) Haiiniiond. Her jiarents were born, 
reared and married on the (iueriisey Island, 
otf the north coast of I'rance. ^Vt'ter coming 
to America they lived at JS'elsoiiville, Ohio, 
and in 1850 her mother removed with her 
family to Jackson T(jwnsliip, Wells County, 
Intliana, her father having died when she was 
but two years old. Her mother subsequently 
settled in Chester Township, where she died 
Novemlier U, 1881. ^h: and Mrs. Gilliert 
liave had born to them ten children — Doug- 
lass Gilbert, born February 19, ISGO; !Mary 
Emeline, born December 25, 18G2; James 
B. McCillaii, November 10, 1803, married 
Catherine Ann Motiitt; Lois A., June 8, 
1805; Cora A., February 5, 1607; Francis 
M., January 20, 1S08; Matilda E., A]iril 1, 
1871; Herbert, August 80,' 1872; Ilerschel 
E., April 2, 187-1; Martini Alice, August 23, 
1870. iMary E. ilied April 30, 1804, and 
Douglass October 21, 1805. Mr. Gilbert lias 
resided on the land entered from the Govern- 
ment since coming to Wells County, and 
still lives in the old house erected by his 
father in 1842. In politics he afKliates with 



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tlie Democriitic piu'ty. He 1ms served liis 
township as supervisor fur several terins. lie 
is a member of Five Points Grange, No. 522, 
Patrons of Husbandry. John Gilbert, the 
brother of onr subject, who shares with him 
the old homestead, was born in East Kent, 
England, June I'J, 1827, and followed the 
fortunes of his parents from the time of their 
removal from Eni;land until the time of their 
death, and has ever sinee then lived on the 
old home farm. IJis scliool days were spent 
at Ypsilanti, ^[ichiii'an, although he attentled 
school after coming to AVclls County. Politi- 
cally he is a Democrat, and in the early days 
of the county held the otlice of constable. 
lie is a member of Five Points Grange, of 
which he is Doorkeeper. His parents were 
Episcopalians in their religious faith, but 
there beiug no church of that <lenouiination 
in this Community, they joined the Methodist 

ff^O '^ prominent and iiiflucntiul citizen of 
^}i Wells Gounty, and member of the law 
tirm (.if ^Vil.-;on A: Todd, was born in Fairtield 
County, Ohio, the date of his birth being 
January 11, 1827. His father's family came 
from the northern part of Ireland, and his 
father, dolm AVilson, was a soldier \vith (ien- 
eral Hai-risoiion the frontier, and ]iarticipated 
in the battle of Fort Meigs, on the .\raumce 
liivcr. His mother, Anna 1!. ((xcary) AVil- 
son, was burn in Lancaster Count}', Pennsyl- 
vania, remuvinir with her pjirents to Fairfield 
County, Ohio, in ISOO, where licr family 
resided duringthe war of 1812. Our subject's 
grandfather (ieary was asohlier under AVash- 
ington during the Kevolutionary war. h\ 
the spring of 1810 Edwin R. AVilson came 
with his father's family to La(irange County, 

Indiana, and there he attended the common 
schools for a time, and subseipiently was a 
student for three years at the Asbury Uni- 
versity at Grcencastle, Indiana. He read 
law with ex-Governor Joseph A. Wright, and 
began the practice of his chosen profession at 
Plufl'ton in tlie sjiring of 1851. He was 
elected and i-e-clected ])rosecuting attorney 
tVir the circuit extending as far as the Michi- 
gan line, serving in that capacity nearly four 
years, and while so engaged prosecuted 
several very important criminal causes, noted 
among these being the case against William 
H. Logan for the murder of John Fryback 
in Wells County, and Keifer, Madden and 
Ilomine for the murder of Dunbar in a lum- 
ber-yard at Fort AVayne. .Mr. Wilson so well 
perfoi-med the duties of that oIKce that, in 
1858, he was elected circuit judge for six 
years, and at the expiration of his term of 
otlice he was apjiointed baid-: examiner for 
Indiana, serving as such two years. He 
removed to Jefl'ersun County, Indiana, in the 
spring of 1807. In 1878 he was elected 
State Senator for four years, and at the end 
of his term, in 1883, he returned to Wells 
County, Indiana, and has since then been 
actively engaged in the jiractice of law with 
Jacob J. Todd under the tirm name of AVil- 
son &, Todd. Judge Wilson is a man of 
strict integrity, honurablc in all his dealings, 
and has by his genial manners made many 
warm friends, and is well respected tlirough- 
(lut the community in which he makes his 


1838, son of James utui Mary (Smalley) 
Stoops, also natives of Greene County. In 


fAMES STOOPS, harness-maker, at Toe- J 
sin, was born in Waynesburgh, Greene ? 
Pennsylvania, February 12, \ 


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ISIi'J tlic l';iniily removed to iicai- J\lori;im- 
tuwn, Wf.-t \'ii-i,riiiia, iiiiil ill 1S52 made a 
loeatiun in Adams ('(jiiiity, this State, re- 
inaiiiini,' tliui-e until tlie deatli of the mother, 
wliicdi occuncd in INSI. Tlie latlier is still 
a resident of Hecatiir, Indiana. To them 
were b(Ji'n nine (diildreTi — Rebecca, tlie eld- 
est danyliter, mariied Sinicm !>. lioyer, and 
reniained in "West \'ir^'-iiiia; ^Margaret is the 
wife of <i. W. Menetee; Edward married 
]\Iargai-et ^^artin; >Iamcs, Jr.; ^^aria, de- 
ceased, wife of Alirain Studahaker; Sarah >!., 
wife of iV. lUacklinrn, eilitor of the Decatur 
I)iiii(icr(it\ William (i. 11., deceased; (ieorf^o 
('., who married lielle Pease, and Joseph A., 
who married Inez Shatter, of Blnffton. "Witii 
the exception of William, who is deceased, 
all married in AVells and Adams counties. 
At the age of sixteen our subject began to 
take an active interest in politics. At 
twenty-one he was elected constable, serving 
two years. In A])ril, 1SG2, he received the 
nomination of the Democratic p: rty of 
Adams founty for sheriff. He declined the 
nomination and enlisted as a private in 
('omp;ny K, Eighty-ninth Indiana Infantry. 
At the organization of the regiment Mr. 
Stoops was elected Second Lieutenant of liis 
company. Illness comjielled his resignation 
ten months later, and he returned home 
]io]iing to regain his shattei'ed health. In 
18(jG he became the Democratic candidate 
for sheritf of Adams County, and was elected 
in the autumn of that year. His official acts 
were so satisfactury that he was re-elected, 
and at the close of his second term was ap- 
pointed assessor of AVashington Township. 
He also served as deputy shcrift" under David 
Xing, and later engaged in the manufjicture 
of harness in Decatur. In 1S8G he left 
Adams County and located in Tocsin. He 
opened a shop and began the manufacture of 
harness. He was the first of his trade to 

locate in the village. A destructive lire 
broke out and swept away two business 
hoiisis with their contents, in the upper story 
of which was the shop of Mr. Stoops. The 
whole stock of all the men was swept away 
by this fire, and there was no insurance. He 
was appointed station agent of the Chicago 
& Atlantic Railroad soon afterward, having 
purchased a lot and erected a new building. 
Mr. and Mrs. Stoojis had one son, now fore- 
man of the Decatur Jhn/oenit office. Mi's. 
Stoops died while her husband was away serv- 
ing his country. ^Ir. Stoops' second wife 
was formerly Victoria Shencinan. They 
have had two sons — one died in infancy and 
the other was di'owned when eleven years of 
age. His third wife was Jennie Husby. 
Eleven years has Mr. Stoops served the peo])le 
of Adams County in an otticial capacity, all 
of which has been done faithfully and well. 

: the milling tirin of J. V. Kenagy it 
^ Brother, proprietors of the Blutfton 
Hydraulic and Steam Flouring Mills, is a 
native of Wayne County, Ohio, born near 
Dalton, September 2, 1835. His father being 
a farmer, he was reared to the same avoca- 
tion, receiving his education at the common 
schools of his neighborhood, and at the Ohio 
Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio, where 
he spent two years. At the age of eighteen 
years ho came to AVells County, his parents 
having preceded him while he was attend- 
ing college at Delaware, Ohio. On his 
arrival he was employed as clerk in the store 
of John Studabaker, of Bluffton, where ho 
remained one year. He was then engaged 
in working on his father's farm and in 
teaching school until April 19, 18G1, when, 
on the first call for men by President Lincoln, 

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he enlisted in the Union lu-niy as a private 
to serve tliree niontlis. He was :issi;j;ncd to 
Oomjiany ( i, Twelt'tli Indiana Infantry, and 
was on duty at Wasliino-ton, I). ('. ^Vt the 
expiration of iiis term (if service, i)y request 
of Governor .^[orton, liis term was extended 
nine months, and after heiiii;- in the service 
one year lie was dischar^-ed at Washington in 
May, 1S(;2. lie then returned to I'.lnffton, 
and the following dnly re-eidisted as a private 
in the three years' service, in (yompany K, 
Seventy-tiftli Indiana Infantry, and was dis- 
charged at Cliattanooga, Tennessee, at the 
close of the war by general order of the War 
De])artment at Washington, D. C. Wlien 
his conipaii}' was organized he was chosen 
First Sergeant and served as sucli until 18G3, 
when he v;as detailed as Hospital Steward at 
Louisville, Kentucky, in which capacity ho 
serveil during the winter of ISHS-'tM, when 
beinix relieved he returned to his coinjiany 
and regiment and again acted as First Ser- 
geant until the latter part of 1SG4, when he 
was detailed as clerk of the Medical Director 
of the I'ost at Chattanooga, serving as such 
until receiving his discharge. >Vfter the war 
he returnetl to Bluti'ton, and until Jidy, 1S66, 
lie was employed as Ijookkeeper and an assist- 
ant in the hardware store of his father and 
]\[. II. Gettel. October 17, ISCti, he was 
married to Margaret Ann Johnston, of Wells 
County, who died at Woodhull, Illinois, 
Aticust 4, 1S7(), leaving a daughter named 
Kit tie. Mrs. Kenagy,atthe timeof her death, 
was a member of tlie Methodist Episcopal 
church at Woodhull. ^Ir. Kenagy removed 
to Woodhull, Illinois, in 1SG6, where he was 
engaged in dealing in hardware and farm 
imi)lements, being associated with his father 
and .Mr. Gettel, the firm name being (ictte! 
A: Kenagy, the sttire at AVoodhull being a 
branch of the main busine.-^s at ISluifton. In 
ISTI, his father ha\ingdied, he discontinued 

the business at WoodliuU and returned to 
lUutt'ton, where he continued in the hardware 
business under the firm name of Gettel & 
Kenagy. In 1S72 they enlarged their busi- 
ness, adding produce, grain and farm imj)le- 
mentri, and also jiurchased a Hour mill at 
Blulfton. On the death of ]\Ir. Gettel in 
1874 the firm of (iettel i.'v: Kenagy was 
changed to J. V. Kenagy & lirothers, Joshua 
and John W. Kenagy becoming associated 
with our subject. The^' discontinued their 
hardware business in 1875, and in 1878 John 
W. Kenagy retired from the firm, wdien the 
firm was changed to J. V. Kenagy & Broth- 
er. J. V. Kenagy and daughter are members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church at Blufi- 
ton, ami he has been the leader of Class No. 
1 since 1872. He is a mendjcr of Blufi'ton 
Lodge, No. 1838, K. of II., in which he has 
served two 3'ears as chaplain. He is a com- 
rade of Lew Dailey Post, No. 33, G. A. R., 
and is at present chaplain of the post. 

fEORGE BRICKLEY, deceased, was a 
; mitive of the State of I'ennsylvania, 
^L and when ayoung man removed to Trum- 
bull County, Ohio, where he made his home 
for uKiny years. He was married in Trum- 
bull County, to j\Iiss lielinda Wolfcale, a 
native of that county. To them were born 
ten children, all of whom came with them to 
Wells County, Indiana, in 1851. Their 
eldest daughter, Mary, is the wife of Aliram 
Woodward and now lives in Ossian, AVells 
County; Peter is a prosperous farmer of 
Lancaster Township; Alfred resides in Rock 
Creek Townshi]>; Elizabeth married Harrison 
Taylor, and both died in Rock Creek Town- 
ship; Mrs. Nancy Jane Ogden resides in 
Blulfton; John died in early manhood; Lewis 
is a prominent business man of Itlufl'ton; 


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Wi'sluy ivsiiles at Markli", in I liuitiiif^tdii 
CcMinty; Mi's. I^aliclla /ink lives in Union 
'I'd wnsliip, anil M rs. Laura Allen li\(',s at Markle. 
On cuniing to AW'lls Connty with liis taniil_y 
_Mr. I'.i-icklcy.ltH-atLMl on section 1, Uoek Creek 
Tuwnsliip, wliei'e lie ini])r<.ive<l a t'arni on 
wliieli he resiiletl aliout iit'teen years. lie 
then solil his hoinesteail and bou^'lit land 
near ^farkle, 11 initinutoii Coiiiitj, wliero lie 
lived until his ilcatli, which occurred in 1878 
at the at;e of sixty-seven years, liis widow 
still stir\ives, and is niakinfr her home with 
her daughter, .Mrs. Allen, at ^Markle. 

EWIS A. I'.KICKLEY, senior nieniher 

of the hardware tirin of L. A. I'rickley 6c 
^^ Sons, of JJluti'ton, was born neai' Warren, 
in Trumhull County, Ohio, Api-il 2'J, 184-2, 
a son of (ieorge and ]!elinda (Wolfcalc) 
P>ricklev, the father lieing of German ancestry 
and the latter of English descent. The 
father is now deceased. L. A. Brickley, our 
suliject, was brought by his parents to AVells 
County, Indiana, - in .Iiine, 1851. lie was 
reared to the avocation of a farmer, remain- 
ing on the home farm till he grew to man- 
hood. He was united in marriage July 28, 
1801, to .Miss Catherine Lesli, a daughter of 
John and Harriet (AIcAfee) Lesli. ISlie died 
at lUutt'ton, March 27, 187'J, leaving live 
children — George llervin, Thomas Jefferson, 
Cora A., Peter Francis and Jermie Etta. At 
lier deatli Mrs. Brickley was a member of the 
Eock Creek Lutiieran Church. ^Ir. IJriekiey 
was again married January 1, 1881, to Miss 
Flora A. .Stonebrook, of Bluft'ton. Mr. I'rick- 
ley was a soldier in tlie war of the Kebcllion, 
enlisting as a private in 18G4, in Company 
D, Eifty-lirst Indiana Infantry. He was 
engaged in the two days' fight in fi'Oiit of 
Nashville and also participated in several 

skirmishes. May 21, lN(i5, lie was discharged 
lor ili.--ability caused by a wound recei\'ed in 
front of Nashville, December Ki, 18(>4. 
Aftei- his discharge he returned to ^\'ells 
County, wliei'e he was engaged in farming in 
Kock Ch'eek Township until 187(5. lie then 
removed to liluhUm and became associated 
with Samuel I.esh in the liardwai'e business, 
under tlie firm name of Lesh A: i'>rickley. In 
1883 John E. Heil succeeded ^Ir. Le.■^h, when 
the firm name was changed to Brickley & 
lleil. In November, ISS.j, Mr. l!eil was 
succeeded by Mr. I'.i-ickley's sons, (ieorge M. 
and Thomas J., when the present firm of L. 
A. P)rickley iSl St)ns was formed. .Mr. 
Brickley is a member of the Lutheran and 
his wife a member of the Baptist churcli. 

J-UAAAM CLAKK, general farmer, 
vy;.y1| (Micstcr Towusliij), and one of the 
r^:^pil early settlers of AYells County, was 
born in "Wayne (bounty, Ohio, i\Iareli 16, 
1882, a son of AVilliam and Cliristina (Cook) 
Clark, natives of Pennsylvania, the father of 
Irish and the mother of Dutch descent. 
They were married in their native State, and 
subsequently removed to "Wayne County, 
where they made tlieir liome until about the 
year 18i5S. They then started for Indiana by 
teams, locating in Fayette County, where 
they remained one year, coming thence to 
"Wells County, settling in Chester Township, 
where the father had entered 129 acres of 
land the year previous. The land was en- 
tirely unim])roved, and heavily covered with 
timber, he being obliged to clear a space to 
build his log cabin, into which the family- 
removed the following February. This house 
is still standing on the land now owned and 
occupied by our subject, and is probably the 
oldest house in the connty. AVild animals 







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roamed the country, and the howliTic; of the 
wolves around tlie pioneer's caliin was an 
almost nightly (leeui-reiice. ]\lr. ('.lark did 
much toward improving liis land, but did not 
live to enjoy it, his death occurring in IS-ty. 
Jlis wid(_iw survived him a number of years, 
dying about the year 1S73. ^\'illiam Clark, 
the snl)ject of this sketch, was a hul of seven 
years when brought by his parents to Wells 
County, aiul here he was reared, passing 
through all the incidents of jiioneer life. He 
was early in life inured to hard work, helping 
his father clear and improve his land, but the 
lessons of persevering industry learned in 
those days liave been of lasting benefit to 
him. He has always lived on the land where 
his father first settled in AVells County, and 
has witnessed the wilderness change into well 
cultivated fields and prospei-ous towns and 
villages, lie was united in mari'iage No- 
vember 24, lS5,j, to .^^ibS Elizabeth Twibell, 
a daughter of David and jNfai-garet Twibell, 
and of the five chihlren born to this union 
tlirec are living — Amanda Ellen, wife of 
Percival Johnson; Allison married Mattie 
Angeline Shreve, and Jfartha Jane. Emer- 
son and ]\Iargaret Emeline are deceased. Jlrs. 
Clark died Eebruary 5, 1872, and June 16, 
1874, Mr. Clark was married to Miss Eliza- 
beth Limerick, a native of Sandy Townsliip, 
Stark County, Ohio, and daughter of Com- 
modore C. and Harriet (Yahiie) Limerick, 
her mother being a native of Ohio. Her 
parents removed from Ohio to Huntington 
County, Indiana, thence to AVells County, 
wliere the father died March 30, 1876. The 
mother is still living in Chester Township. 
Mrs. Clark is a nieniber of the AVesleyan 
Methodist church. In his political views 
Mr. (Mark is a Democrat. He is a public 
spirited citizen, and has served his township 
as su})ervisor. He is a member of Five 
Points Grange, No. 522, Patrons of Hus- 

bandry, and has held the ofHce of gate-keeper 
of his grange several times. He is a mem- 
ber of AVells County I'oniona (irange. 

,^mLEXANI)EU DeLONG, one of the 
/jfcV old pioneers of "Wells County, was born 
"^i^ in IJotetourt County, Virginia, April 
17, 1809, and died at his home in Lancaster 
Township, April 25, 1881. He was married 
near Fletcher, in iliami County, Ohio, in 
1832, to ]\Iiss lilizabeth iJeers, a native of 
Jlontgomery Coiinly, Ohii_), a daughter of 
Peter and Mar}' (Shanks) Peers, who were 
among the earliest settlers of that county. 
They began housekeeping in Miami County, 
where three children, named Asa, Solomon 
and George, were born to them. Li the fall 
of 1817 Mr. HeLong came with his wife and 
children from Miami to Wells County, set- 
tling on a heavily timbered farm on section 
34, Lancaster Township. Here he erected a 
log cabin the same fdl, felled the trees and 
prepared the land tor crops for the following 
year. Tlie first patch cleared was three 
acres which he planted in fruit trees in the 
spring of the ne.xt year, and year by year the 
improvements were more manifest until he 
had his farm under thorough cultivation, 
which is now in possession of his son Solo- 
mon. Two children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. DeLong after coining to Wells County 
— Joseph, a book dealer of I?lntl'ton, ami 
^lary A., deceased wife of Charles Cole. 
The father lived on the old homestead until 
his death, and reared his family to honorable 
and respectable status in life, and earned the 
respect and esteeui of the entire community. 
He came to the county in limited circum- 
stances, having only enough money to enter 
160 acres of land, wJiich cost him .^200. Tiie 
original patent bore the signature of Presi- 



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(lent ^[artiii Van liiircn, ami was datetl 
Augiit-t 5, ISUT. I'lir widow -still resides nii 
the iiiime farm. ^Ir. DeLonj^ was a member 
of tlie Baptist cliiirch during the latter years 
of his life. All the ehiklren living are 
married e.xcept Solomon, who lias charge of 
the home farm, and the fine appearance of the 
liiiildings, stock, and ground show him to be 
a systematic and successful farmer. In poli- 
tics, like his father, be has always affiliated 
with the Uejinblican iiarty. Solomon DeLong 
was one of the lo3al men of Wells County 
who left the peaceful jjursnits of farm life to 
defend his country. lie enlisted in August, 
1S()2, in the One Hundred and First Indiana 
Infantry, tinder Captain Peter Studabakcr, 
and his regiment was assigned to the Army 
of the Cumberland. jNIr. DeLong was as- 
signed to duty in the Pioneer Corps, and did 
faithful aiul meritorious service until the 
close of the war. His brother George was 
also a gallant and faithful soldier, serving 
three years in the Thirty-fourth Indiana 

foNATIIAN MICHAEL, liotel-keeper, 
at Zanesville, was burn in Germany, in 
-,c the village of Sults-am-Neckar. The 
village was noted for its salt manufactories. 
The village derived its luime from the JVeckar 
River which passed through it. .ionathaii 
was born November 16, lSi52, son of John 
G. and Mary (Smith) Michael, natives of 
Germany. Jolin G. was born in Suits and 
his wife in llosenfeldt, nine miles distant. 
Mr. Michael possesses an interesting photo- 
graph of liis native village. There were 
three children born before their immigration 
to America — John C, Gotleip and Jona- 
than, the latter at that time being eighteen 
months old. The family located at Shep- 

herd.stown, .leltcrson ( 'ounty, West Virginia, 
in ISiJl. John G. was a cloth shearer by 
trade, and at once engaged with George 
Price at his factory at Shepherdstown. When 
Joiuvthan was eleven years old his parents re- 
moved to AV'illiamsjiort, Washington County, 
Maryland, where the father engaged as 
cook on the " company's boat," running on 
the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, remaining 
several years in their employ. Afterward 
the parents removed to Clear Spring, .Mary- 
land, where the mother was accidentally 
drowned in a spring on their own premises. 
Seven of their chihlren were born in Amer- 
ica — Mary V. and Henry H. were born in 
Shepherdstown, Virginia, and both are resi- 
dents of Canton, Illinois; Mary married Jo- 
seph Irely, a mechanic, and Ileiiry, also a 
mechanic, married j\lary McQuade, of Can- 
ton. George AV., AVilliam 11. and Catherine 
^M.were born in Williamsport, and are buried 
there. After the death of his wife, John 
G. married Catherine Lindamon. They were 
engaged in business at Clear Spring until 
1863, and then their son Jonathan, our sulj- 
ject, brought them to the town where he had 
become a prosperous man, and wliere the father 
died in his seventy-seventh year. The motlier 
is living at Zanesville, aged sixty-four years. 
Jonathan learned the shoemaker's trade in 
Clear Spring, with Darlington t^' Turnbolt. 
lie was only twenty-two years of age wlien 
he came West to seek his own fortune. 
Jonathan heard of the new town while stopping 
at Fort AVaj'ne, and having an opportunity 
to work at liis trade with William P. Wilson, 
arrived in the spring of 185-1, with $5 cash 
in his pocket. Three months later he began 
business for himself, and ever since that 
time has been actively engaged in business 
in the village. He was prosperous from 
the beginning, and sifter a lapse of thirty 
years Mr. Michael finds himself rich in the 


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ciiJDjincnt of" his ihmily and the esteem of 
liis friends. In ISuO he purcluised tlie tiui- 
iiery that was owned and operated liy \\. 
P. Wilson, whieli lie conducted more than a 
quarter of a century and at the same time 
carried on an extensive bout and shoe man- 
nfactory. During the war he employed sev- 
eral liands, but never intiuduced machinery 
into the liusiness. The tannery produced 
about 2,000 hides and sl<ins per annum, and 
the products over what he used in his shoe- 
shop were sent to Johnson, Eaton &. Co., 
J3o8ton, ]\rassachiisetts. In 186-1 Mr. JMichael 
purchased the Xelson Jarvis farm, one mile 
south of Zanesvillc, whicli he still owns, and 
has since made othei- additions to the 
oricrinal pui'cliase. lie also purchased 
the Enoch Sink and F. .M. AVilson farms one- 
fourth of a mile south of Zanesvillc, and he now 
owns i'20 acres of valuable land. January 
29, 1S55, he was married to j\riss Sarah A. 
Kline, only daughter of Jonas Ivline, Joseph 
Jleaty, J. P., jierforming the ceremony. Her 
parents are deceaseil. In 18G1 Mr. Micliacl 
purchased the hotel property and lias con- 
ducted it ever since. The Zanesville House 
is celebrated for its neatness and the elabo- 
rate menu which greets the weary traveler. 
Their children are — John IJarrett, named in 
honor (jf the president of St. James (^ollege, 
I^Iaryland, Amanda \ ., Juniata, Arbelan ^I., 
Almissa II. and Sarah J. The death of Mrs. 
Michael occurred October 1, 1865. She was 
a loving mother and one of the best of wives. 
She was born in Tuscarawas Countj'^, Ohio, 
October 5, 1833. Mr. Michael has never 
married again. John 15. is now engaged in 
the mercantile and drug business at Zanes- 
ville. He married Laura Wilkinson, who is 
of English ancestry. They have two chil- 
dren — Talmage V. and Lulu P. lie is post- 
master at Zanesville. Amanda is the wife of 
1). W. Simmers, a farmer ()f Allen County. 

They liavc live sons — Jonathan U., Daniel 
!)., Charles W., Jewell and Roscoe T. Arbe- 
lan is the wife of Elve C. Kelsey, a dealer in 
meats in Zanesville; their children are — 
Dessie E. and (41endale. liesides rearing Iiis 
own children he lias jn-actieally reared three 
nephews, Jonathan A., William II. and Har- 
vey E. ilichael. They are sons of his brother 
Christopher, who married Mary A. Peaver. 
They have had six children, the three men- 
tioned and Annie, Alido and Agnes. 

i EWIS IIUEFMA.X, one of the pmsper- 
y? ous agriculturists of Jackson Township, 
■^Ty?^ was bijrn in Clarke County, ( >hio, the 
date of his birth being June 6, 181-1:. When 
two years of age he was taken by his parents, 
John and Susannah (Myers) Ilufi'man, to 
Huntington County, Indiana, and there he 
grew to manhood, being reared to the avoca- 
tion of a farmer, which he has made his life- 
work. January 4, 1868, lie was married to 
iVIiss Miami Monnsey, a native of Wells 
County, Indiana, born in Liberty Township, 
a daughter of John and Caroline (Stratton) 
Monnsey. Her mother died when she was a 
child of ten years, and her father died April 
30, 18S6. They were among the early set- 
tlers of Wells County, and Mr. Monnsey saw 
the transformation of the county from a 
wilderness into its present condition. Four 
children have been Iwrn to ]\Ir. and j\Irs. 
Huffman — David P., John Scott, Franklin C. 
and one who died in infancy. David 1*., 
their eldest son, was educated in the schools 
of his township and at Pluffton, and when 
only thirteen years old passed the necessary 
examination and received a teacher's certifi- 
cate. Mr. Hnftman lived with liis motlier in 
Salamonie Township, Huntington County, un- 
til one year after his marriage, when he re- 

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moved to Jarkscm Townsliij), AVells County, 
settling flieru in .l;uni;ii'v, ISG'J, on a tract of 
eighty acres which he hail l)oui;-lit. llislan<l 
when he settled on it was covered with a 
heavy growth of timber except the small 
space he had cleared on which he erected the 
hewed-log cal)in, which is still standing. lie 
resided in this cabin until 1881, when he 
erected his present residence, which was 
built with a view to comfort and convenience. 
He has added to his original purchase until his 
home farm now consists of 117 acres, all with 
the exception of about eighteen acres being 
cleared and improved, the result of years of 
toil and persevering energy. In politics 
.^^r. Iluifmau is identilied with the Demo- 
cratic ])arty. lie and his wife are members of 
tlie rjerman ]^>aptist church, and he is a dea- 
con in the church of that denomination at 
Sua'ar (4 rove. 

'jXUTHER B. SIMMONS, attorney at law, 
f^y? was born in Nottingham Township, this 

^ county,inl8G0, son of Hiram L.Simmons, 
of Nottingham Township. After completing 
a course of study at the Methodist Episcopal 
college at Eort AVayiie he studied law in the 
oOicc ot K. C. A^aughn, at Blutl'toii, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1883, since which time 
he has been practicing law here, excepting 
the three winters he has taught school in his 
native township. His office at present is 
with Mr. Vausrhn. 

t^l) 'To'^^'"' ^^'"'* ^-"^'■" '" blocking County, 
'^' Ohio, and came with his parents, Sam- 
uel D. and Lydia (Weldy) ISeavers, to Adams 
County, Indiana, in 1868. He received his 

education principally at Fort Wayne, and 
completed it at N'aljiaraiso, this State, in 
1881. lie l)egan the study of medicine with 
Dr. I!. II. I'reeman, of Decatur, Indiana, and 
matriculated at Rush ^yiedical College, of 
Chicago, in 1883, attending three courses of 
lectures. He graduatdl February 17, 188(3. 
He was emphiyed at the city hospitals of 
Chicago two years, as nurse, ])rior to his- 
graduation. His last college year he offici- 
ated as assistant to Dr. Thomas J. Shaw, 
Professor of Clinical Gynecology at the AV^est 
Side Free Dispensary, Chicago. The doctor 
settled in Tocsin in the spring of 1880, and 
lias since had an excellent practice. 

fAMES P. HALE, the present efficient 
mayor of Blufflon, and a public-spirited 
and enterprising citizen of Wells County, 
was born in niuffton, AVells County, Indi- 
ana, April 15, 1846. AVhen about twelve 
years of age lie removed with his parents 
from Bluff'ton to the farm which is still oc- 
cupied by his father, Bowen Hale. Here 
our subject was reared, working on the farm 
in the summer and attending the district 
school in the winter, until he was twenty-two 
years of age. During this time he taught 
one term of school of four months and also 
for a short time attemled a private school 
taught by Prof. John S. MeCleery. In 1868 
he entered the State Universit}' at Blooming- 
ton, Indiana, where he took an active part in 
the literary and scieiititic societies, became a 
member of the Delta Tail Delta fraternity, 
and filled all the positions of honor that the 
students usually have to bestow on each other. 
He graduated from that institution in the 
scientific course a Bachelor of Science in 
1872. In the spring of 1872, before leav- 
ing college, he was n<)ininated by the Demo- 

bee —a. ^iQ."t:s "t» ^».i '•iM~B'*'cig*' ii^^LsB 

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ci'alic ]«irty of his iiutivo county fur the oflicc 1 
of county surveyor, and was electeil to tliat 
position tlie following;- ()rtnlier, Imt iiis term | 
of office did not be^in until the following 
June, 1873. During the winter of lS72-'78 
lie again tauglit four months of school. In 
February, 1^73, F. 11. Ithodes resigned the 
otlice of surveyor, ami ^ti'- Hide was appoint- 
ed and assumed the iluties of tlie otHce at 
once. In 1874 he was again nominated by 
his party as surveyor, but owing to the posi- 
tion which he then temk on the temperance 
question his name was withdrawn from the 
regular ticket, and although he received a 
laro-c vote he was not elected. At the e.\- 
piration of Ids term as surveyor lie entered 
the law oliice of Todil iV Kinehart, and was 
shortly afterward admitted tu the bar, and 
has since that time practical his chosen pro- 
fession, generally alone, but for a short time 
was in partnership with ^\^ J. llilligass. He 
served as deputy prosecuting attorney from 
187t) to l^'^(l. In October, 18S4-, he was 
elected mayor of Clulfton, to till an unex- 
pired term, caused by the resignation of II. 
L. Martin, and the following spring lie was 
elected to the same ottice for a term of two 
years, and in ^Tay, 1887, was re-elected, and 
is now serving in tlmt capacity. In liis j)o- 
litical atHliations he is a stauncii Democrat. 
June 10, 1880, Mr. Hale was married to 
Miss Delia Wilson, daughter of Oscar F. and 
Catlieriiie P.. Wilson, formerly of Zanesville, 
Allen County, Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
son moved from Coshocton County, Ohio, to 
Indiana, soon after their marriage, in about 
the year 1855. ]\Irs. AVilson's maiden name 
M-as Foster, and she was related to the Fos- 
ters of Coshocton County, Ohio, a numerous 
and jiighly respected family. ]\Ir. Wilson 
and wife were numbered among the early 
settlers of Allen County, Indiana. lie en- 
gaged in the mercantile business at Zanes- 

ville, Deljihi, and at I'luffton, Indiana. Mrs. 
Wilson dieil at her himie in lilutl'ton in Sep- 
tember, 1N83, and .Mr. Wilson at the resi- 
dence of .Mr. Hale in ISsCi, leaving two 
children — Delia ^\'., the wife of the subject 
of our sketch, and Ceorge ^M., now residing 
with Mr. Hale. In 1875 Mr. Hale united 
with the Methodist Episcopal church, and is 
still a member of the same. He was made a 
]Mason in 1871, and takes an active interest 
in the Masonic fraternity, and is also a mem- 
ber of l]lutl'tou Chaiiter, Nn. U5, and was 
for two years higli priest of that cliapter and 
received the degree of the onler of the high 
priesthood in 187(1 at Iiulianapolis. Mr. 
Hale, like his father, is genial and unassum- 
ing in liis manner, and highly respected by 
the people of A\''ells County. 

Or.EIlT :M. IIEDCFS, farmer and stock- 
\Y\^ raiser, Harrison Township, was born in 
Fairfield County, Ohio, October 31, 
1817, son of Elijah and Polly (Backsley) 
Hedges, natives of West Virginia. The 
father was a son of C'harles Hedges, and of 
English ancestry. The mother was of Ger- 
man ancestry. They settled in Fairfield 
County in an early day and were among tiie 
pioneers of that county. Our subject was 
reared on a farm and educated in the sub- 
scription schools that were held in the primi- 
tive log cabin. He remained with liis 
parents until he readied his majority, and 
October 22, ISIO, was married to Miss 
Sopliia Kirkwood, a native of Pennsylvania. 
He followed farming in his native county 
until the fall of 1810, then came to Indiana 
and purchased eighty acres of land on sec- 
tion 35, Harrison Township. About four- 
teen acres were partially cleared. He lived 
on this land about six years, then sold and 

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boiiirlit 11-1- .-icres of iiniinprovcd land on sec- 
tion ~'J, wlieru lie ;inil three other men 
ereeteil the first loj,' ealiin. He elenreil and 
inipi'dved his new farm. He has given chjse 
attention to his hnsinessand has added to his 
first pnrcluise until he now has 194 acres of 
well-cultivated and well-improved land. jNTr. 
and Mrs. IIe<lges lunl thirteen children, 
eleven ot' whom are living — ]\[ary J., Lu- 
cinda (deceased), Jonas T., Kebecca Ann, 
James, Elizabeth (deceased), AVilliain, Julia, 
Joseph, George, Lewis A., Samuel and John. 
]\Irs. Hedges was a member of the Method- 
ist Episco]3al church. She died August 27, 
1S70, and September 10, 1874, Mr. Iled^ires 
married Martiia AVillason, wlu) died ]\rarch 
17, 1S77. She was a member of the Presby- 
terian church. October 31, 1879, Mr. Hedges 
married ilrs. Elizabeth Kennel, formerly 
Elizabeth Kreps, who was a native of Penn- 
sylvania, and came to Wells County with liei- 
parents when a girl. They have one child — 
Clara A. Mr. and Mrs. Hedges are mendjers 
of the Methodist Episcopal clinrch. Politi- 
cally he has always attiliateil with the Dem- 
ocratic jiarty. 

I cji->l 

master at Plutfton, Indiana, is a native 
"Usfj of that city, born July 31, 1853. He 
is the eldest of three sons, and one of nine 
children of KobertCollins and llarriet(Deam) 
Ijcnnett. "When he was four years of age his 
parents moved to Fort Wayne, where tliey 
lived until 1872, when they returned to 
P.luffton. He attended the public school 
at Fort AYayne while there, and after Ids re- 
turn to IMutl'ton attended the public school 
a short time, when he engaged in the res- 
taurant business, which he continued until 
1879. He then entered the employ of C E. 

]\lcl''arren, remaining with hijn until Janu- 
ary, 1SS('>, when ha\ing rccei\ed a commis- 
sion as jKistmastcr at lilnti'ton from Grovcr 
Cleveland, I'resident of the Unitetl States, he 
assumed the duties of that ollice. 

fOHN POW.MAN, merchant and ])Ost- 
master at Tocsin, was born near Jlassil- 
-/<. Ion, Stai'k County, Ohio, and came with 
his parents, Richard S. and Mary (Shafter) 
Bowman, to Wells County in October, 1857. 
The family then consisted of the parents, our 
subject and his Ijrothcr Byron. The family 
located on a firm near Blnlfton, where the 
jiai'ents still reside. One daughter, Jennie, 
was born in this county, now the wife of Poss 
Cherry, and resides at the homestead, liyroii 
married Ifaggie Ulmer, and is a merchant at 
]>lutfton. Our subject was reared upon a 
farm, where he acquired a practical education 
which was completed at the Blnffton High 
Schools. He engaged in the mercantile trade 
in that city in January, 1886, and Novem- 
ber 5 of that year he became a resident of the 
new village of Tocsin, purcliasing tlie stock 
of goods formerly owned by Samuel Kunkle. 
His goods in Bluffton were sold prior to his 
removal, to Albert Shepherd, and Mr. Bow- 
man now devotes his time and attention to 
the mercantile trade in Tocsin. His is the 
only store in the village, and he carries a 
large stock and does an extensive business. 
He was married December 27, 1876, to 
Elizabeth E. Williams, daughter of James S. 
Williams, a resident of this county, who has 
lived within her boundaries forty-two years. 
Four children have been born to this union — 
Harry ()., Louis E., Albert and Jesse AV. The 
latter is deceased. Mrs. Bowman died De- 
cember 18, 1885, and March 17, 1887, Air. 
Bowman married Eliza .1. Archibold, who 

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wiLS l)orn near Tocsin, Wells County. Mr. 
Jlownian was ajipointi'd pubtinaster ol' 'I'oi'sin 
Janiiai'V 31, IN'S('), vice SaiiiiiL'l Kunkle, re- 
signed in ISlSG. 

AMES M. MEliKnrAN, a pioneer of 
I.iljerty Townslu'ii, was born in I'ayette 
'i C. unity, Pennsylvania, December 23, 
1S14. His lather, Elijah ^lerriman, was born 
in 17S8, and his motlier, ]\[ary (McCoy) Mer- 
rinian, was born in 1792. The fallier w-as a 
native of Jfaryland, and a son of William 
^[erriman, wlio was born in 175G. The 
mother was a daughter of John I'^fcC^'oy, who 
was a native of Peuusyhaiiia and of Irish 
]iarcuta(re. The parents removed to AVayne 
County, Ohio, in 1811), where our subject 
parsed his youth in lielping to clear the farm 
and in attending the common aiul subscrip- 
tion schools. He helped to hew the logs for 
tlie school-house in which lie was educated. 
Tie was married April G, 1847, to ^^liss Ann 
Tracy, daughter of tieorge and Leah (McCoy) 
Tracy, who was born in Wayne County, 
Ohio, Eeljruary 8, 1818; the parents were 
natives of Pennsylvania. In 1836 Mr. Mer- 
riman came to Indiana, where lie entered 
eighty acres of land in Huntington County, 
then returned to Wayne County. In Oc- 
tober, 1n3'.i, he removed his wife and one 
child to Wells County, and entered IGO acres 
of land on section 20, Liberty Township, 
wliere he betran clearing and making a home. 
This was previous to the organization of the 
township, and there were no roads, lie en- 
dured all the hardships and privations inci- 
dent to the pioneer. Mr. and .Mrs. ]\Ierriman 
are the ])arents of eleven children — Samantha, 
wife of Iluel Wright, of Huntington Coun- 
ty; Mahala, wife of (ieorge ilcllalcy, of 

Liberty Township; llaiice, of Smith County, 
Kansas; Jnhn, of Liberty Township; Tracy, 
also a resident of Liberty Township; JJallas, 
a i-esident of Huntington County; Jasper 
and George O., of JJberty Township; Annie, 
wife of Asbury Luce; Mary Leah, now Mrs. 
lleckman, and Alfred, who lives at home. 
]\Ir. Merriman has served as township trus- 
tee, township treasurer, and held the office of 
magistrate fourteen j-ears. J\Irs. Mei'riman 
is a member of the Christian church, and in 
politics he is a Democrat. He owns 270 
acres of e.xcellent land, all in a good state 
of cultivation. 

OSEPH C. iMADDOX is a native of 
Chester Township, Wells County, ludi- 
^Tc ana, born on the old Maddox homestead 
Eebruary 25, 1855, a son of Wesley' Harvey 
and Eliza Ann (^Grove) !NLiddox. lie was 
reared on the home farm, receiving his educa- 
tion in the coininon schoolsof his townsiiipand 
at Bluffton. After leaving school he adopted 
tiie teacher's profession, which he followed 
principally for tifteen years, pai-t of this time 
following the avocation of a fanner. lie was 
united in marriage June 11, 1879, to Miss 
Elizabeth O. Dawson, who was also a native 
ui' AVells County, Indiana, a daughter of 
George Dawsi)n, who is now living in L'^niou 
City, Ohio. ]\Irs. Maddox lost her mother 
by death when she was but three years of 
a"-e. Mr. and Mrs. Maddox are the parents 
of one child, a son named Hugh. J\lr. ilad- 
dox discontinued teaching in 1884, and since 
that time has devoted his entire attention to 
farming, and has a well-cultivated farm in 
Chester Township. In his political \iews 
j\Ir. ]\Iaddox affiliates with the Ilepublican 
party. He is an active and public-sjjirited 

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citizen, and always takes an interest in every 
enterprise wliicli lias f'oi' its ohject the ad- 
vancement of his township or county. 

ff AC'Or. K. IIAKVEY, son of the old 
"^■h pioneer, liobert Harvey, is a native of 
^^ Indiana, horn in Union Connty, April 
27, 1S30. His father was born near Knox- 
ville, Tennessee, I-'ehruary ~'J, 17S8, a son of 
Henderson an<l Martha (NrcConnell) Harvey. 
Henderson Harvey was a soldier in the llev- 
olutionary war. In middle life, to be rid of 
slavery and its pernicious influences, he left 
Tennessee for Pennsjdvania, and later moved 
to Ohio, and in 1811 removed to the then 
Territory of Indiana. He died at an advanced 
age in Union County, Mliere he was esteemed 
as one of its most worthy pioneers. Robert 
Harvey, the father of our subject, although 
atliicted with partial blindness of his left eye, 
volunteered in the war of 1812 and served 
one year. He was married in 1S18 to Eliza- 
beth IMchey, of Butler County, Ohio, at the 
home of her parents, retnrning to his home 
in Indiana the same year. Elizabeth Richey 
was born in jN'ew Jersey in 17'J-l, a dangliter 
of Jacob Richey. Seven children were born 
to them — William, who was a much respected 
citizen of Lancaster Township, is deceased; 
i\Irs. ]\Iary Rohr, living in Iowa; J\Irs. Mar- 
tha DeAV'itt, of Bluflton; .Jacob R., whose 
name heads this sketch; Eorenzo D. was a 
member of Company C, One Hundred and 
First Indiana Infantry, during the late wai', 
and died in the service at Munfordville, Ken- 
tucky; John lives in Huntington County, In- 
diana, and Rebecca, the fourth child, died in 
Union County, aged three years. The parents 
cleared a farm in the wilderness of Union 
County, where they maile their home until 
1832. In April of that year they removed 

with their family to Wells County, settling 
on section 18 (if Lancaster Township, Robert 
Harvey being the fourth man to settle in 
what is now Wells County. Tiie preceding 
winter he had become totally blind from in- 
ilaniniation of the eyes. He was the owner 
of three tracts of land in Lancaster Town- 
ship, comprising about 300 acres, and pos- 
sessed of personal property suthcient to give 
hiin a good start in those ])ioneer days. The 
troublesome times of 1832 (the year of the 
Black Hawk war) induced his brothers Sam- 
uel and John to come from Union County 
and move him back there. He left his stock 
and implements with a man named Joseph 
Knox, and returned with his brothers to 
Union County, where ho spent the following 
winter. On returning to Wells County he 
found himself robbed of his stock and every- 
tlnng that was movable, and never recovered 
anything nor heard of his rascally neighbor 
ao-ain, but he :igain accumulated ]iroperty 
and enjoyed a good home until his death, in 
1853, his widow surviving him until July 
12, 1877. Jacob R. Harvey, the subject of 
this sketch, now holds the jiatent of the old 
home given to his father, which is dated Sep- 
tember 2, 1831, and signed by President 
Andrew Jackson. lie has lived on this 
homestead, established by his parents in 1832, 
ever since two years of age, with the excep- 
tion of the time spcTit in the service of his 
country during the war of the Rebellion. 
His youth was spent in toil, assisting to fell 
and burn the forest, clearing his tVither's land. 
At eight years of age he began attending the 
log cabin subscription schools, with their 
split log seats, greased paper lights, and stick 
and clay chimney, where he received his edu- 
cation. September 20, 1855, he was married 
to Elizabeth ]\Iiller, daughter of Henry sill- 
ier, who settled just ojtposite the pre-ent site 
of Murrav in November, 1832. AIi's. Harvey 


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was liDTii on tin; jiiuiicor liDiuu.-^trail of her 
I'alliei', oil section IS, Lancaster 'rowiisliip, 
Marcli 15, I'iiW, ami was tlie lirst white child 
l)orn ill Wells County. Tu ^Ir. ami ilrs. 
JIurvey Jiave been liorn live children — Henry, 
the first born, died aged three years; AVilliam 
occupies a farm near the homestead of his 
parents; Jacob lives on part of the home- 
stead, and liobcrt and Charles are attending 
school. ]\[r. Harvey was a member of Com- 
pany I), Fift^'-tliird Indiana Infantry', from 
October, 1SG4, until the close of the war. 
His regiment was a part of the Seventeenth 
Army Corps, ami after some service in >\la- 
bama, (leorgia, and Tennessee, joined Sher- 
man's army at (loldsboro, North Carolina. 
In politics ^Ir. Harvey is an ardent Repub- 
lican, liotli he and his wife are members of 
the Christian church. 


was Ijorn in Dover, New irampshire, 
%. May 23, 1832, a son of llichard and 
Mary (^Canney) Waldron. ' He is of English 
ancestry. Major Ri(diard AValdron, the ])ro- 
genitor of the family in tin's country, coming 
from Somersetshire, England, settled in Dover, 
New Hampshire, in l(^i35. The ]\lajor was 
for manv years Coveriior of the Colony of 
New ll:ini[i>hirc, and was an acti\'e partici- 
pant in the French and Indian wars id' his 
time. His ijtiicial duties kept him infre- 
quent contact with the red man. He finally 
lost his life thrcjugli their treachery, being 
one of the victims when they, in the dead 
hours of night, captured the town of Dover 
and massacred most of its inhabitants. New 
Hampshire ha^ been the home of the A\^aldroii 
family since their first settlement in America, 
and the tloctor's parents are still at this date 
(18S7) I'esidents of New Hampshire, l)eing 


well advanced in years, each having passed 
the eighty-third milestone. Our subject re- 
ceived tlie ordinary education afforded by the 
j)ublic schools, and at the age (.if seventeen 
yeai's commenced teaching school, in order to 
acipiire the means of defraying the e.xpense 
of a higher education. In pursuance of this 
plan lie entered Franklin Academy, located 
on Waldron street, Dover, where he took his 
collegiate preparatory coui'se. From there 
he entered Amherst College, where he took 
his literary course. After studying medicine 
the subject of this sketch located in South- 
ern Illinois, from wlience he went to Western 
Texas, where he remained about two years, 
thence returned to Southern Illinois, where 
he resumed the jiractice of his profession, 
remaining there until 1872, when lie moved 
to Wells County, Indiana, locating at Not- 
tingham in said county on the 23d day of 
May, 1872. The doctor was married to Mi- 
riam Ciriest, daughter of John amJ Hannah 
(Edinuiidson) Criest, at I^ortland, Jay County, 
Indiana, September 12, 1871. Tliey have one 
child, a daughter, Mary R. A. "Waldron, born 
Septemljer 22, 1875. Miriam ((iriestj Wal- 
dron was born in ^'ork County, Pennsylvania, 
October 12, 1834-, and moved to .lay County, 
Indiana, with her parents in 1850, sirriviiig 
in said county on the 5th of JSIay, the county 
then being almost a wilderness. W^olves as 
well as deer and other wild game were nu- 
merous. Mrs. Waldioii was one of the teach- 
ers of Jay County when school-houses were 
built of round logs, and the clapboard roofs 
were lield in place by weight poles instead of 
nails, and seats were made for the ])U])ils by 
splitting a small log into two jjarts and 
boring two holes in the ends of each in 
which wooden legs were inserted, making a 
durable but uncomfortable seat. I-ugs were 
split into thick phmk or puncheons for lloor- 
ing. Dr. AValdron at present (TSS7j is en- 







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gaged ill I'ariiiiiig ami stock-raising ami 
niiiiiing a general store at Nuttiiigliani, ami 
lias lieeii iMistiiia.-ter at this jilaee since iS^3. 
He is also activeh encraircii in the iiractice of 
his prot'esbioii. 

;^C; C;OY S]\[1TII, Tocsin, was born 
'i/AV'il^ Nuvemher 'J, 1S27, son oi' Nicholas 
^..:r^ ami Leah (McCoy) Smith, who i-eared 
a laiuily of tliree children — ^IcCov, iMlwin 
ami Phelie. Nicholas Smith iirst married 
]\Iiss Mcl-'adden, and tiiey had seven chil- 
dren. Leah was a widow at the time of her 
inarriao-e with Mr. Smith, and the mother of 
eii,dit children. Three sets of children were 
cared fiir by Mr. and ^frs. Smith. Our sub- 
ject learned three trades in Ohio, but nc\er 
made a business iif either. In 1849 he first 
came to Wells ('ount\' and took a chiiiii, but 
through a technicality in law, he was granted 
a patent bearing the signature of ^Millard 
Fillmore, in 185L Mr. Smith's paternal an- 
cestors were German. His grandfather Nich- 
olas was a Captain during the war of tlie 
Kevolution. His great-uncle Henry was con- 
sidered the best swordsman in AVasliing- 
ton's army, under whom both served during 
the entire war. His grandmother was of 
"Welsh origin. They were the parents of 
eighteen children, and saw the fourth gene- 
ration before tlieir death. The descendants 
upon whom their eyes ha<l rested niiinbered 
4.03. The grandfather died at the age of one 
linndred and ten and the grandmother at one 
liundred and fifteen. They lived and died in 
Fayette County, Pennsylvania, at the foot of 
the mountains. Our subject built a cabin 
on the land he iirst entered. Soon after his 
arrival he formed the acquaintance of his 
present wife. Miss Mary libie, in ratiier a 
iieculiar manner. In the early days neighbors 

were far apart, and the young folks occasion- 
ally gatlu're<l for amusement in the cabin of 
some of the settlers. Mr. Smith was a bach- 
elor, very lively, and the lite and soul of the 
company he was in. I'or a joke, he pro- 
claimed that he could tell fortunes. One 
evening as the family were sitting around the 
huge lireplace, the young people insisted 
upon having their fortunes told. Smith was 
the oracle of the evening, aiul when it came 
]\[iss I'.lne's turn, although .McCoy had never 
spoken to her, the moment he took her hand 
he exclaimed, •' Why, this woman will become 
my wife." There seemed to be an affinity, 
and although neither had thought of marry- 
ing, the result prcjved theirs to be a very 
harmonious union. May 17, 1855, this 
coujile was married at the home of the bride's 
parents, Uriah and Ilachel I'due, liev. AVilson 
Donaldson performing the ceremony. .Mr. 
Smith's maternal ancestry were of Irish ori- 
gin. His grandmother was a daughter ot 
Colonel Gaddis, of Revolutionary fame, and 
lier husband belonged to his regiment. Tiius 
the ancestry on both sides were '-blue-bloods" 
and noted for loyalty to the cause of Ameri- 
can freedom. To Colonel Gaddis is ascribed 
the honor of raising the first liberty-]ioIc in 
the United States, a fact of which his de- 
scendants ma}- well feel proud. He also rid 
the country of a notorious gang of robbers, 
by getting a band of picked men of his 
former Kevolutionar}' force; forty robbers 
were killed before they made an uncondi- 
tional bill-render. Colonel Gaddis was in 
command of a regiment at Crawford's defeat, 
and had the latter followed the advice of 
Gaddis, the Indians would have been routed, 
with small loss. He rescued Crawford from 
the savages, but lie was again captured and 
burned at tlie stake. Mrs. Smith's great- 
grandfather, Uriah Elue, was a rifleman under 
Genei'al Washington and one of his sharp- 

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■ I- '■, ,, •; ,i 


slidotiM's. JIc innveil to J'khiir', IventuckV) 
anil fVoiii tliero to Miami I'oiintv, Ohio. 
^Fi's. Smith's irraiu] father carrieil provisions 
to W^ayno's army at Fort ^\'aylu■. After the 
mai'riai;-e of Mi'. Sinitli hu settled down to 
real pioneer work. lie cleared Ins land, and 
liis love for the chase kept his larder well 
supplied with meats. Children came to grace 
tlieir home in the wild wotids— -Knima Rosa- 
lie, wife' of ,\lbert AVeilile; Jasper N., who 
married Tna lielle SoAVi_i.-';*'>irena, wife of 
Jvan ivleinkiiiirht ; John "Si., and one that 
tlied ill infuicy. l''r(jni the first, Mr. 8mith 
]iredicted that a railroad would tra\'ei'se this 
neighhorhood from west to east, liaviiig 
walked over the groiiiul and lujteil the fertile 
soil, and tine location for a road-hed. Tliere- 
fore, he was not surprised when the tliiinder 
of the massive iron wheels reverherated 
through the townshi]i, nor ama/.ed when a 
thril'ty villaj;e spraiii; uj) almost before his 
eyes, 'i'lic log cabin in which ^fr. Smith 
and his wife began their marrictl life has long 
since been replaced liy a handsome frame 
building. They have been ])rospci'ous, and 
their prosjierity is due ciitii'ely to industry, 
economy and li-ood management. 

^^rjNDKKW ,1. KOUST, an active and eii- 
.-/wV terprisiug citizen of Jackson Townshi]>, 
^■~^ wliere lie resides on section 11, was born 
ill Salamonie Township, Huntington County, 
Indiana, May 15, 18G0, a son of Jonathan and 
Sarah (Xetf) Ponst. Jonathan Foust was 
born in Uighhuid County, Ohio, of German- 
English descent. When he was eight or nine 
3'e,irs old he was brought by Jiis parents to 
Salamonie Township, Huntington County, 
they being among the iirst settlers of that 
County, and are yet living on the original 
homestead, the fatlier eighty-six and the 

motlier eighty- four years of age. Jonathan 
Foust was reared on the old homestead amid 
scenes of pioneer life, assisting in making a 
farm out of the forest, li\'iiig with his parents 
until after his marriage. lie then removed 
to a loi'ty-acre tract of timber land which he 
owned in Salamonie Township, wdiere his wife 
died in Januar}', 1804. Soiiu' two or three 
years afterward he sold his land and bought 
eighty acres one mile north, which he owned 
about four yeai's, when he bought 2B5 acres 
along the Salamonie River in Jackson Town- 
ship, Wells County, wiiere he lived until Xo- 
vember, 1885. He then disposed of this land 
and went to Washington ('ouiity, Arkansas, 
where he now has a farm of 170 acres, and is 
still engaged in agricultural pursuits. He 
was a soldier in the war of the Rebellion, 
being a member of ('oinpan}' I, Seventy-iifth 
Indiana Infantry, and was in the Fourteenth 
Army Corps. He was in all the engagements 
of the Atlanta campiaign, and was with Sher- 
man on his march from Atlanta to the sea 
and through the ("arolinas to AVasliington, 
where he partici[)ated in the grand review at 
the close of the war. Andrew J. Foust, the 
subject of this sketch, was I'eared in Hunting- 
ton and Wells counties, the last half of his 
lite to this time being spent in Jackson 
Township. He received his (education in (he 
schools of Ja(d<son Town.-hip, completing liis 
studies at lUnti'ton, and at the age of nine- 
teen taught his first school. Since that time 
he has devoted every winter to that pro- 
fession, and has taught in all forty seven 
months, becoming a popular and successful 
teacher. February 24, 1883, he was married 
to Miss Jlary Catson, who was born in Wells 
County July 8, 1800, a daughter of Samuel 
J. and Catherine (llutt'man) Ratson. They 
are the parents of two children- -^\.da if. and 
Delmar. I^Ir. I'^oust is a memlier of the 
{■"rotestant Methodist church, aiwl his wife 





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l/ISTIiJiV oh' Wh'/J.S COUNTY. 

l)el<"iiiys to tliu Uiiiti'd l'>retliren clnu-cli. In 
]K)litics lie is a Uej)ulilicaii. He is ;i niem- 
her of Salaliu.iiiu J.odiif, ^'^'"- '51-'-, I. (->. O. J''., 
at A\'ari'eii. 

:T-^tTILLIAM LIP]vKV,a prominent ngri- 
\W '/'I '^"''^"'''st of Union Townsliip, M'ith 
I'^'x^'i wliose interests he has been identified 
I'or many years, was born in Erooke Connty, 
A'irginia, ^iay 2(j, iS'l'l, a son of Ciiarles and 
jMargaret (('row) I.ipkcy, tlie father having 
ser\ed as a soldier (hu'inir the war of 1S12. 
He was the only son in a family of six chil- 
dren of Henry and '^[avy Ann Lipke^', and 
was (if Cierman descent, his father, Henry 
Lijikey, coming from Germany when sixteen 
years of arre. He was a soldier daring the 
war of the llevolution. Charles ami ]\Iar- 
garet Lipkey were the pai'ents of the follow- 
ing children — Henry, who died leaving a 
family of fonr sons and two daughters; 
Philip, Charles (deceased), Jlargaret Jane, 
deceased, wife of Edward Meacham, left at 
lier death two sons; Elizabetli married George 
Clem mens, and has three sons; Rachel and 
Catherine died unmarried, and William, the 
subject of this sketch. In Sejjtember, 1822, 
the parents removed with their family from 
Virginia to Trumbull County, Ohio, and 
there our subject spent his boyhood and early 
maidiood in agricultural pursuits. In 1848 
he started on foot with knapsack on his back, 
from Trumbull County, and in this way 
traveled to AVells County, Indiana, and ])re- 
em]ited the land on which he now resides, 
being the soutlieast quai'ter of section 13, 
townsliip 2S luu-tli, range 11 east. ]\fr. Lip- 
key was married February 1, 185-1, to Mi.-s 
Pelinda S. Lewis, a daugiiter of Wheeler and 
Abiah [jcwis, of Connecticut. INfr. aiui j\rrs. 
Lipkey joinett the Methodist Episcopal 

church in December, 1851';, and became 
acti\c, earnest members and liberal support- 
ers of the Christian religion. Mrs. J^ipkey 
was fur many years an invalid, yet peacefully 
and ipiietly awaite<l the end of her eartlily 
pilgrimage, and died in the blessed hope of 
a glorious immortality, iSTovember 7, 1880. 
Air. Lipkey has been a member of the qiuir- 
terly conference of his church for nearly 
thii'ty years, either as trustee, steward, class- 
leader or superintendent of the Sabbath- 
school, lie is one of the public-spirited, 
enterprising citizens of Wells County, and is 
always ready to assist in all tilings that may 
add to the welfare of the r}eo])le. He is 
frequently called upon to act as executor, 
a<lministrator or guardian, and is always 
found to be efficient, capable and honest, and 
is a man highly respected by all who know 
him, for his uprightness of character. He is 
a good neighlior, a trustworthy friend and a 
Christian gentlenuin. In his ])olitical views 
he is a Ivcpublican. He is a member of the 
JIasonic lodge, belonging to Ossian Lodge, 
No. 297. 

fOSEPlI SEA:\IAX, of Zanesville, was 
born in Perks County, Pennsylvania, 
-/^ November 19, 181G, son of .ruhn and 
Elizabeth (Loeb) Seaman, also n;itives of 
Pennsylvania. John Seaman was a sou of 
I'JbL'rhardt Seaman, who was born in (ier- 
many. His wife was also born in (Tcrmany, 
and they were nuiri-ied in that country. They 
immigrated to j\merica and were annuig the 
earliest settlers of Perks C'ounty. They had 
ii\e children —Jonathan, George, John and 
Elizabeth; the name of the other child is un- 
known. The children all lived and died in 
Pennsylvania, except the youngest, who 
moved to Alaryland. Joseph removed to 

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Trunihiill County, < 'hiu, in tlie spring of niai-ricd iSumncl Stein, and resides at Calc- 
lS3(i, wlicre lie married Maria Uailey, dauirh- donia, ^Miehiijan ; IJenjaniin married I'^iiza- 
tor t)l' .laeul) and IJarliara ( Uupriirlit) llaiiev, i belli ICaiili'man; llenhen, <leceasod, married 

of Leluyli Connty, I'ennsylvania. Her par- 
ents liad ninceluldreu — J'etcr, .iolin,( ieorge, 
Jlaria, Elizalietli, SusaiHia, ISarliara, Cather- 
ine and kjarali. The}' were ail reared and 
married in Ohio. ^[r. Seaman, after his 
inarriaj^e, worked at the carpenter's trade 
until he removed to Intliana in 1854, 
although he had a farm. Their children 
\\>cre all horn in Ohio, and all came with 
them to tins State. i\Iary A. married Lewis 
IJalier; Sarah A. married AVilliam Itaber, 
and died in 1855; Eliza became tlie wife of 
^^'oah J'louscr; Jonathan mari'ied JJetty Mc- 
I>ride; (-ieorge A. mai-ried ilaria Sehunk; 
Adaline married Jacob Kaiser; Angcline 
married L)aniel Shoiip; William II. married 
Kate Ivai.ser; Kmai\ucl K. married Clara J. 
IJcchtel. Only four of these children are 
living — Jonathan, Adaline, AFary and Eliza. 
Adaline and Anj^eline were twins. AVhen 
^Ir. Seaman came to Ilnion Townshij) in 
1854 he settled upon the farm tliat he now 
owns. A small frame honse had been bnilt, 
and fifty acres partially cleared. His wife 
died M'arch 18, 1883, and February 10, 
18S4, he married Mrs. JLannah Riipright, 
daughter of William and Susan (Furney) 
Shepler. They settled in the village of 
Zanesvillo, and have resided there ever since, 
ilr. Seaman made the first land appraisement 
in Union Township under the new law, and 
has also served as trustee of tlie townsliip. 
He was one of the founders of tlie Lutheran 
church in Union Townshii), and his labor 
aided largely in its establisliment. From its 
organization in 18(iO he has been an elder, 

Catherine Loeli, and after her death 
cousin, Sarah Loeb, also deceased. 

nOMAS .ArOUPJS, M. D., is a native 
Liil of Kentucky, born in Bracken County, 
f0 August 6, 1848, a son of John P. and 
]\lary Ann (^IcClennahan) Morris, the father 
being a native of tlie same county, and a 
descendant of an old Kentucky family. The 
great-grandfather of our subject caine from 
Maryland to Kentucky in the pioneer days of 
that State, and settled at Augusta, when tlie 
surrounding country was a wilderness. He 
represented his county in the Kentucky Leg- 
islature several terms. His son, tlie grand- 
father of our subject, was a surveyor, and 
laid out the greater jiart of IJrackcn County. 
The father of Dr. ^Morris was a farmer, which 
avocation he followed the greater part of his 
life. He is still living in Bracken County, 
at tlie advanced age of eighty-three years. 
The mother died August 5, 18G8. Thomas 
i\Iorris, the subject of this sketch, grew to 
manhood in his native county, being reared 
to the avocation of a farmer, and receiving 
his education in the common schools. He 
followed fanning and dealing in real estate 
at different times until about 1875, wdien he 
began the study of medicine with a physician 
of Kentucky, and afterward studied under 
the preceptorship of his bi'other, Dr. Geoige 
V. Morris, of Grant County, Indiana. In 
1879 he entei-ed Foi-t Wayne Medical College, 
and graduated from that institution in 1881. 

and was clerk for iiianv years. Politically i He then commenced the practice of medicine 
he is an earnest Democrat, and never loses at Roll, Blackford County, Indiana, and in 
faith in the ultimate success of his party. 1883 came to Mount Zion, Wells County, 
Of the children of his parents, Catherine | where he has since followed his profession, 










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and lia> biicecuileil in cstalilisliino- ;i jrootl ]H-;ie- 
ticeaiiil is tlio present ])i)stiiiaster at the hitler 
]>h-iee. I)r. M.irris was married in Weils 
County, .May 11, IsT.j, to Miss Surali A., a nati\u of Weils County, and a daugli- 
ter of Jonatlian 11. Lee, one of the pioneers 
of Jaelison ToWHsIiip. Her parents are still 
living in .laekson Township. J)r. and 
^Irs. ^Morris are the parents of two sons — 
Oscar E. and George I!. The doctor is a 
meniher of the Odd Fellows order, belongint/ 
to Sahunonie Lod.^e, >,'o. 3'J2, at Warren. 
He is a member of the Methodist Protestant 

^KNJA.MIX C. BATSON is a native of 
.■)\ Wells County, Indiana, boni in .lacksoii 
"!■' Township, >.'oveniber 14, 1847, son of 
Xathaniel and Xancy (Kalston) IJatson. He 
was reared in his native townshij), on the 
home t'arni, his youth being passed in assist- 
ing with the work of the farm and attending 
the district schools. ^larch 7, 18(^7, he was 
united in mari'ia<j;e to .AHss Alice Davis, a 
native of Highhuid County, Ohio, born No- 
\'ember 5, 1847, a dau!jhter oi' Samuel and 
Mar-aret (Clouil) Davis. Of the four chil- 
dren born to this union one son, Lewis Een- 
jamin, is deceased. The names of those yet 
living are — Henry S., James C. and Alice 
Kmily. Mr. Batson lived on the old home- 
stead with his paients for eight years after 
his marriage, when he settled on his present 
farm on section 11 of .lackson Township. 
His land at that time was in a wild state, 
heavily covered with timber, and entirely un- 
improved. Of his si.\ty acres he has cleared 
about thirty-five acres wliich he has brought 
under cultivation, and lias erected his present 
residence and other buildings besiiles making 
other substantial improvements on his [ilace. 

Afr. and Mrs. I'.atson are members of the 
Christian (diurch. In jiolitics he casts his 
sulfrage with tlie Democratic ]iai1y, his father 
haviiii;- also been a life-lou'^ Democrat. 

.•.f^EOUGE F. .ArOA\^ERY, farmer and 

W^j stock-raiser, was born in Salt Creek, 
V--L I'ickaway County, Ohio, July 21, 1851. 
His father, I'eter ^Towery, was also a native 
of that ccjunty, born June U, 1829, son of 
Jacob ^L)wery, who was of German descent. 
His mother, Lydia (King) Mowery, was born 
in Jackson, Ohio, August 19, 1829, daughter 
of John George and Catherine (Myers) Jving. 
I'oth were reared on a farm and followed that 
occupation until 18i35, when they removed t(j 
this county, where the father j)urchased 340 
acres of improved land si.\ miles southeast of 
lilutfton. They were the parents of eight 
childi'en, four of whom are living. The 
mother died May 30, 1S70, and the father 
afterward inan-ied Mary A. Gottsehalk; he 
died September 22, 1871. Our subject was 
fourteen years of age when his parents came 
to AN'^ells ('ounty. He was educated in the 
county schools, and remained with his par- 
ents imtil their death. October 19, 1871, 
he was married to iliss .Mary A. French, 
daughter of John G. French, and they set- 
tled upon a piece of land containing seventy- 
three acres wliieh his lather had given Jiim. 
He resiiled theie two years, then purcliased 
eighty acres ot' uninqiroved land, which he 
jiartially improved. He paid ,sl,000 for the 
land and sold it for twice that sum in 
eighteen months. After this lie I'cnted one 
3'ear, then bought forty acres of Samuel Gen- 
sell. In 1881 he purchased his present farm, 
which consisted of fifty-three acres, then sold 
three acres to Lewis King. lie now has a 
tine farm of fifty acres. Mr. and Mrs. Mow- 

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nioaii.l I'llIOAL HKETCUES. 


cry are tlie parents of six children — John 
W., Franklin K., Eliza A., Sanford I.., Clara 
Catherine ami Harriet M. Mr. flowery 
served as constalilc twu years, and in polities 
altiliates with the J3enioeratic party. lie 
and his wil'e are nicnilicr.s of the Christian 

^^-OIIN G. r.KNNKTT, farmer. Harrison 
""y^' Township, was horn in Huntingdonshire, 
^ England, January 7, 1827, sou of John 
an<l ^[ary (Tansley) I'cnnett, natives of the 
same place. His lather was in limited cir- 
cumstances, and he was put to hard work 
when very young, going from one Held to 
another attending to stock. When only nine 
years of age he was taken from school and 
went to work for wages on a farm. His 
work was plowing, for which he received 
from 37 to 40 cents a week. He made his 
home with his parents until he was sixteen 
years of age, then hirecfout for !?25 per year. 
The second .year lie received $35, and from 
that time until twenty-four years of age he 
received $•',() a year. In this way he saved 
enough money to liring him, in May, 1851, 
to the United ytates to make a visit. He was 
induced hy his uncle to remain here, and the 
following year his parents came. He remained 
in Chester County, renn.sylvania. a year, aiul 
in June, 1852, went to Canaila, and thence 
the following September came to "Wells 
County, Indiana. He worked for Kobert 
Turner in building one mile of plank road on 
the Bluti'ton and Fort Wayne road. In the 
fall of 1852 he and his father made 2,000 
I'ails and cho])ped 100 conls of wood in the 
winter of lS52-'53. liesides makinga living, 
all the money he received was a live-franc 
piece. The following sjiring he rented a farm 
of his former employer for one oeabon. The 

next year lie dug wells and quarried rocks 
in Bluti'ton at ."i^l.OO per foot, furnishing 
everything himself, in the summer of 1851 
he purchaseil forty acres of land uj)on which 
he luiw lives, that had very little improve- 
ment n])on it. He commenced at once to 
improve his farjn, but during the summers of 
l><5G-'7-'8 he was engaged in building a 
plank road from "Warren to Huntington for 
James Crosbie. Since that time lie has been 
engaged in farming, and from time to time 
has added to his first purchase until he uow 
owns 184 acres of land, seventy-five acres lie- 
ing in a good state of cultivation. His 
father died September l(j, 18(34, aged sev- 
enty-five years, and his mother died Octolier 
8, 1877, at the age of seventy-four years. 
May 19, 1860, he was married to ^liss Emnui 
Lalferty, daughter of Uavid ami Xancy 
(Westfall) Latlerty. She was born in Ohio 
and came to Wells County when four years 
of age. Of their ten children, six are living — 
Jolin C, Mary Ann, Ida J., George D., Alice 
M. and Lena Ellen. George E. died at the 
acre of sixteen months, and three died in early 
infancy. Mr. Ijcnnett is a member of the 
Old-School Baptist church, and politically is 
a llepublican. 








fOlIN II. FEH(;USON, of Ossian, is |Ji 

among the oldest residents of Wells J 

"ix:. County, having been born in this county ? 

in the year 1840. His jiarents, James and i 

Eliza (Hume) Ferguson, were born in Scot- ; 

land, the father in the northern part, and the ( 

mother in Edinburgh. His paternal grand- ) 

father, George I'^erguson, was a millwright ' 

by trade, and was at one lime very wealthy. | 

When twenty years of age James I'ergusijn ) 

immigrated from Scotland to Canada, and on j 

the bame vessel was the little girl who after- i 

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ward liet-aiiiu his wile. Wvv parents hotli 
(lied lietbie lier tliinl year. They arri\-e<l in 
Canada in 1>S2(I, \vherc tlie girl grew to 
\\-oinanli(Hid. .laines workctl at the haker'.s 
trade some and alsu purchased a farm. lie 
had two brotliei's, Thomas and John, who 
came to Canada, ami resided near .lames. 
John was a sailor for many yeai-s, hut linallv 
^ave up the sea and settled n]>on lanil. 
James Fei'giison married Eliza IFuine, April 
'J, l^o3, the same little girl who crossed the 
ocean in 1S'2I). Tlev. Mcf'auley perl'oi'nied 
the mari-iage ceremony. Mrs. Ferguson was 
horn ^lai-eh 3, ISO'-'. Three children wei-e 
horn in Canada — (Jharlotte, George U. and 
Agnes II. After his marriage James decided 
to change his locality, and Fehruary 1, 1834-, 
he started on horseback and traveled across 
the country to Vermont and Xew Jersey, 
and Fehruary 22, arrived home at Ilopetield, 
( 'anail I. He kept a diary of his travels, now 
in possession of his son, John H., who has 
in his possession a slate anil some carpenter 
tools which belongeil to his grandfather 
(teorge. Not being pleased with that coun- 
ti-y, lie I'eturned to his hf)me in Ilopetield, 
Canada, on February 22, being gone twenty- 
two da^'S, and his brother Thomas having 
been in the vicinity of Fort AV^ayne, and 
writing encouraging letters, ho decided to 
sell his farm in Canada and locate in Indiana. 
The fumily arrived in Allen County in the 
fall of 1S38, having made most of the journey 
from (Quebec via the lakes. Here .lames 
worked at various occupations for a few 
months, and in the fall of 1838 purchased 
123 acres of land, which is now owned 
by his s(m James W., in Jefferson Townshij). 
In February of the year 1840 the family 
moved into their new ealiin in the wild woods, 
and for the first time I'elt the joy of living 
on free soil that was purchased and owned in 
a free county. James early became a natu- 

ral ixed citi/.en, and as ho had at least $000 
cash to liegin life in the new counti'y, his 
family fai'eil well. lie was a typical Scotch- 
man, and was erne of the most earnest work- 
ers of the day. The first corn planted was 
devoured by squirrels and blackbirds, and 
the land was then sown in buckwheat. This 
])roved a fair crop, and supplied his family 
through the wintei'. He was not one of the 
noted hunters of early times, but' his per- 
sistent laljor brought far larger returns, lie 
was a great I'cadcr, a jirofound thinker and 
reasoner, and a devout Presbyterian. lie 
was one of the first members of the first 
Presbyterian organized church in the county, 
and was one of the trustees appointed by the 
General Assembly of the State, approved Jan- 
uary 13, 181:5, Isaac Summers being his 
confrere. The church was known as the 
First Presbyterian Church of Elhanan. Xear 
this church he donated an acre of ground for 
a public cemetery, in care of the trustees of 
the church. ^Ir. Ferguson was earnest in 
his emleavor to inculcate principles of 
morality and social \irtues among the people, 
and the character of this neighborhood may 
now be largely attributed to these influences, 
which gave an impetus in the right direction. 
Five children were born in Jefferson Town- 
ship—John II., Ellen M., James W., Charles 
and Nettie I. The father was an earnest 
Whig, and one of the founders of the Pepub- 
lican party in this county. He was a leader 
among men, and his counsels were largely 
sought. He was (juc of the trustees of the 
township for three years, and one of the first 
road .sujjervisoi's. At his demise he had 
reached the age of seventy-five years. His 
wife's death occurred in 1S81, at the age of 
seventy-two years. She was a lady of more 
than ordinary intelligence, a great reader, 
and took a deep interest in politics. Their 
children are all married except the youngest 

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(huiglitcr. Cliarlotto inarrit'd Cliristian Dragc, 
a wayoii-inaker, resiiliiig in Allen (bounty, 
near Middletown. C-;enrji;c II. was a teacher 
lor many years, and died .lannary 20, 1851), 
aged twenty-three years. iVgncs II. became 
the wife of Lewis Myers, a farmer and car- 
penter of Jefferson Township. Ellen M. 
married Fi-ederick Dragc, and resides with 
her three sons in ]\[arion Township, Allen 
Connty. .lames W., wh(> resides on the old 
homestead, mai'ried ^Mary AVagner. Charles 
married Isabella Wliite, and resides near his 
brother James. John II.,onr subject, is now 
a trustee of tlie Presbyterian clinrch in his 
father's stead, wliile his brotliers, James "\V. 
and Charles, are elders of tlie same churcli. 
lie was a soldier during the war of the Re- 
bellion, enlistin'r in August, 1802, a member 
of Company F, Eighty-eighth Indiana iTifan- 
try. He rose from the ranks to the office of 
Corporal, was promoted to Sergeant, in which 
jiosition he served until the close of the 
Iiebelli(jn. He participated in the noted 
liattles of Perryville, Stone River, Cliieka- 
mauga, Chattanooga, Lookout ^Eonntain, 
Jlissionary Ridge, the Atlanta campaign, 
with Sherman on his march to the sea, 
tramped through tlie Carolinas, and finally 
engaged in the battle of Rentonville. He 
was wounded at tlie battle of Stone River, 
and was also injured at Missionary Ridge on 
July 3, 1863, after crossing Elk River, but 
was off duty only a few days. After his 
return from the war, April 26, 1866, lie was 
married to Miss Maggie Clark, daughter of 
.Vbram and Catherine Clark, of Ossian. Mr. 
and Mrs. Ferguson liad four children — Jennie 
E., Marion J., and Albert R. are living; the 
oldest, a son, died unnamed. All the com- 
forts that wealtli could procure were lavished 
upon Mrs. Ferguson, but her health declined 
day by day, and her demise occurred J\Iay 2, 
1885. The remains were buried in Oaklawn 

cemetery, at Ossian. His sister Nettie I. 
and daughter Jennie E. have since .acted as 
housekeepers for the family. He is now 
engaged to marry an amiable Indy by name 
of ^Irs. Nancy Richie, in the near future. 
Mr. Ferguson lives in a style befitting a man 
of education and wealth, and such as one 
deserves who risked liis life tliat the nation 
might live. In tlie year 188-1 Mr. Ferguson 
composed quite a length}' poem on the War 
of the Rebellion, which has never come out 
in print. 

ENRY S. CLOUn, an active and pro- 
i gressive farmer of Chester Township, 
T^i was born in Clinton County, Ohio, 
April 27, 1837, a son of Henry S. and Annie 
(Laymon) Cloud, natives of Ohio and Penn- 
syhania respectively. The mother was 
brought to Ohio when young, and was mar- 
ried in that State to the father of our subject, 
wdio died the same year of the liirth of his 
son Henry S. The latter was reared in 
Clinton County until fifteen years of age, 
when he left his native State for Indiana, 
and after remaining a short time near-Muncie 
he came to Wells County, and has since been 
identified with the interests of this county, 
but shortly after coming here he found em- 
ployment in Rlackford and Grant counties. 
He worked for a number of years as a farm 
laborer in AVells (^ounty, and sometime in 
the '60s he purchased the farm in Chester 
Township, where he lias since made his home. 
Of this land only a few acres had been cleared 
for farm use, on which stood an old log build- 
iuf, and at that time not a house had been 
built in the present village of Mount Zion, of 
which his house now forms a part. All tlie 
improvements have been made on the farm 
by Mr. Cloud, and the present commodious 




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dwelling and good tana buildings have been 
eiTcted since he settled here, lie was mar- 
ried in AVells County, January 12, ISGO, to 
Aliss Mary liatson, a native of Wells County, 
and a daughter of Nathaniel and Xancy 
(Ralston) Batson, who were among the early 
settlers of this county. To them were born 
six children — James Demining, .Samuel Den- 
ton, Mary Delcie, Jliami Dell, Lewis Del- 
nier and Henry Delfries. In politics Mr. 
Cloud was I'eared a Democrat, but takes an 
independent position in the political afl'airs 
of his township or county. ^Vhen twenty- 
seven years of age he was elected supervisor 
of his township, serving at that time one 
term, llis ne.\t otHce was that of justice of 
tiie peace, which he tilled etliciently for one 
term, and in ISSl was again elected town- 
ship supervisor, which position ho has since 
tilled, serving to the best interests of his 
county. lie is also notary public, having 
been apptjinted to that otiice in the spring 
of iSyiK ^Ir. Cloud has carried the mail 
between ^l(junt Zion and Eoehmer about ten 
years. lie is a member of the ilasonic fra- 
ternity, belonging to King Lodge, No. 14G, 
at Warren. Mr. Cloinl was l)ereaveil by the 


wife on the 17th of Januai'y, 

.•^EOKGE A. IIA UN I8I1, photographer, 
'jU'tt Blntl'toii, Indiana, was born in Lebanon 
'W^ County, Pennsylvania, September 27, 
184:7, a son of Jacob and Susan (Miller) 
llarnish, natives of Pennsylvania, of (lerman 
ilescent. He lived on bis lather's farm until 
nineteen years of age, when he went to 
^lyerstown and began to learn the art of 
photograpliy. In the spring of 1867 lie ac- 
companied llis parents West and located in 
Pluti'ton, where he has since lived. He was 

married in 1871 to Miss Laura ilyers, a na- 
tive of Wells County, born April lo, 1S50, a 
daughter of David and liachel (Miller) 
ilycrs, natives of Ohio, but early settlers of 
Wells County, locating here in 1837. Mr. 
and Mrs. llarnish have one daughter — Jen- 
nie, born October 12, 1872. They are mem- 
bers of the (ierman liefornied church, of 
which he is an elder. ]\Ir. llarnish is a 
member of lilutl'ton J,odge, No. 145, A. F. 6c 
A. J\I. He was one of the councilmen of 
Plntl'ton elected in 18S1, and served a term 
of two years. 

^^OIIN T. GLASS, fanner, Jefferson Town- 
J-li ship, was liorn in AV'ayne County, Ohio, 
^ February 16, 1815, son of Ann and Jolin 
Glass. The latter was born in Maryland soon 
after the lievolutionaiy war. llis |>arents 
were natives of Ireland, and John was born 
Soon after tlieir arrival in America. The 
entire history of the family is not known, 
but it is known that there was another 
brother, George, who became a physician and 
located somewhere in the South. There were 
three daughters — Hannah married Thomas 
Strain, and resided near Parkersburg, AVcst 
Virginia; Nancy married Thomas Hamilton, 
an Irishman, who for many years w^as a popu- 
lar landlord at Steubcnville, Ohio, where he 
died, leaving no heirs. The other sister mar- 
ried a gentleman named Parker, who was the 
original proj>rietor of Parkersburg, Virginia, 
and in whose honor the place was named. 
They had six or more children, but all trace 
of them has been lost. John Glass, Sr., came 
to Pennsylvania about 17'J0, having lieen a 
boatman on the Ohio Kiver, running between 
Pittsburg and JMemphis. About 1795 he 
was married to Ann Johnston, in Leaver 
County, Pennsylvania. Their children were 


M; \..:ll 1/^ 



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; 'f'v. .i.oiiliiit! 

— Esther, James, Mary, Ann, Rebecca, Sarah 
and iS'anev. About ISO'J tlie ( ilass t'aiiiily 
rt'iuovcd to A\'ayue L'oiuity, (Jliio, and pre- 
empted a quarter sectiuu of land. Tliey were 
among the earliest settlers of that county. 
Ten years later an exchange of farms was 
made, and the family removed to Beaver 
County, Pennsylvania. Four children were 
born in Wayne County — John T., William J., 
Andrew and Lucinda. The parents remained 
upon their farm in I'cnnsyhauia until their 
death. 'J'lie mother died the fc.ame summer 
of their removal, and the lather lived to be 
about eighty years of age. Four of the chil- 
dren came to tliis county, and were among 
tlie earliest settlers of Jefferson Township. 
Esther married Joseph Gorrell, Esq.; Lucinda 
married James Barkley in Pennsylvania, who 
with his two brothers, James and John, be- 
came residents of this county. Barkley and 
his family now live in liuchanan County, this 
State. The others remained in this county. 
Tliere are now only six members of the 
original Glass family living. William mar- 
ried Miss Fidelia Stephens, of Indianola, 
Texas, and has nine children — John, AVilliam, 
1 lodge, Glendora, Mary, Kate, Clover, Barney 
J. and Maggie. This family resides in l.)e 
"Witt County, Texas, wliere they own a large 
amount of real estate. .Vnn married Andrew 
Mc(iatlick, of IJeaver County, Pennsylvania, 
and has three daughters — Maggie, Rebecca 
and Mary. I. Maggie married Samuel Smith; 
Rebecca is the wife of James Laughlin, and 
]\Iary J. became the wife of John JIc^Millan, 
a grandson of Major John McMillan, one of 
the first settlers of tiie State of Pennsylvania. 
Sarah married John Johnston, and liad four 
daughters — Mary A., who married William 
Slantz; Louisa, wife of Thornton B. Hunter, 
of this township; Xancy J., unmarried, and 
Melissa, who married Silas Cailcy. Nancy 
married Josepli Lawrence, and she has two 

daughters — Louisa ii>arried Scott Groscrose, 
and Martha married \\'ilton ^McMillan. The 
name is fast dying out in the country of tlieir 
nativity, but the ancestral farm in Pennsyl- 
vania is yet in possession of the heirs. When 
our subject came to AVells County he was a 
bachelor, twenty-nine years of age. He had 
no intention of remaining, and only came to 
assist his brother in settling in the new 
country. In 1840, in company with his 
brother James, a selection of land was made, 
and each purchased a half section. Tliere 
were no settlers living in this neighborliood 
at that time, and the wild woods were full of 
game. The pea-vinos were very high, and 
not a domestic animal could be found in the 
neighborhood. The Hatfield family lived 
near the south line of wliat is now Jefferson 
Township, and there the strangers were made 
welcome, housed and fed. The uninviting 
prospect was not such as inspiretl the brothers 
to remain, and the}' returned to Pennsyl- 
vania. iS'ot until 1845 did John T. return 
to this county. Jonathan Eddy, Amos Schoon- 
over and Mrs. .Mary Wallace, with their 
families, had moved in, wliich comprised the 
families of the neighborhood. ^Ir. (Tlass ha<l 
erected a cabin on his land, which still re- 
mains, also the old milk-house, both of which 
were built almost a half century ago. The 
cabin was 22x18 feet, and two stories in 
height, and was complete for occupancy ex- 
cept the floor, at a cost of ijllG. It was built 
by Abram and John Fulton, the former of 
whom is still living. At that time tiiis was 
the best cabin in the neighborhood, having 
three windows and a good clapboard roof. 
]Mr. Glass was the first man to purchase stock 
in the township, beginning the business soon 
after he settled here. In 1845 he paid from 
one-half to three-fourths cents gross for stock, 
and guessed them off at that figure. He and 
his brother put in the first stock scales in the 






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iKirthern ]iart of the cmmty in ISSG. lie 
lifgaii the. stoci-: trade without capital, and 
wouhl trade anything,' he possessed for stoclc, 
except his hind. He liad a good retail trade 
with I'Vu't AVayiie lintchers, and furnished 
the money that j^aid for the lirst car of stock 
ever shipped over the I'ittsburj^ ik Fort 
AVayiie llailroad from Fort Wayne. The 
jirices paid for hogs and sheep from 1845 to 
1855 were as follows: The iii'st year, for 
dressed pork, one and a half cents, purchased 
from John Studahaker, the packer at Bluft- 
ton. Very few sheep were in the country, 
hut rangeil at one dollar per head. Good 
steers hrought slO. iV good farm horse 
brought from $30 to ft-iO. Wheat was wortli 
from forty to fifty cents, and corn sixteen or 
seventeen cents. Money was so scarce that 
even at these figures stock and produce were 
slow sale, consumers being as scarce as the 
money. After spending one summer in the 
woods and trading successfully, he began to 
think that lie would be more prosperous if 
he had a housekeeper. December 24, 1846, 
he was married to Miss Margaret llattield, 
Fteverend Wright, a United Presbyterian 
minister, performing the marriage ceremony. 
This was the second marriage in the town- 
ship, and one of the early ones in the history 
of the county. The young couple commenced 
liousekeeping in tlie !?16 cabin, and the part- 
nership then begun has continued to the 
present time in the greatest harmony. Mr. 
(xlass was not a man of strong muscle, and 
the giant oaks were felled by other hands. 
He looked after his stock trade while the wife 
made his home cheerful, and several children 
came to bless the lireside— John A., who 
married Isa D. Todd; James became the 
husband of Ida Kyan; Andrew J. married 
Florence Roberts; Maggie J. is now l\[rs. 
Nathaniel Weaver; (Jeorge is the only one 
unmarried. Martha A., Milton and William 

Wilson died in infancy; the others all reside 
in Jetlei'son 'i'owubhiji. As Mr. Glass e.\- 
jiresses it, '-when the bell rings for dinner 
the children can all hear it." The passing 
years brought greater pnwperity, and the 
broad acres grew into beautiful fields. The 
old cabin was exchanged for a large two-stoi-y 
frame mansion, and the old barns were sup- 
plemented by large commodious buildings 
which shelter lierds of fine cattle and other 
stock. Mr. Glass has been one of the most 
extensive purcliasers of stock in this county, 
and has been eujiaged in the business almost 
half a century. He has purchased stock of 
almost every farmer throughout AVells, Adams, 
Jay, Allen and Blackford counties. Although 
past three score years and ten, his activity is 
remarkable, and he rides on horseback as 
gaily as a youth of eighteen years, llis good 
wife is the same genial housekeeper that in 
early days greeted the new-comer at her cabin 
door and made them welcome in this wooden 
country. Their years of toil set lightly on 
their shoulders, and the latch-string has ever 
hung outside the hospitable mansion as well 
as in the humble cabin. During the first 
year of their married life Mrs. Glass spun the 
Hax and wove over 100 yards of linen, and 
this with the butter and other products kept 
the table well supplieil. She often rode on 
horseback to Zanesvillc to do her marketing, 
across the country and through the swamps, 
yet she never faltered. Many families were 
dependent upon the sale of roots and raccoon 
skins for money to supply their needs. The 
city of Bluti'ton then contained one log store 
kept by Studahaker, and a tavern kept by 
Almond Case. The entire country has been 
developed since that time, and her children's 
children will be proud of the ancestry who 
have done so much to im])rove it. Their 
table has fed thousands of men who have 
labored, and I\Irs. Glass has superintended 




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tlie entire win'k. She is now sixty-tliree 
years old, and free from the intirmities 
of aire. 

,'f:g[EOra4K W. king, trustee of Harrison 
JfliiT?-- Township, was born in Fairfield Conn- 

\^ ty. Ohio, ilay 8, 1S32, a son of George 
and Catherine (^loyer) King. Tlis father 
was a native of A^irginia, and his grandfather 
was a native of (ierniany. His mother was 
born in Pennsylvania, and of German ances- 
try. When oiir subject was two years old his 
parents removed to Pickaway County, Oiiio, 
where lie was reared on a farm and educated in 
the common schools. He remained with his 
parents until he was twenty-one years of age, 
and June 13, 1S52, was married to Miss 
Catherine (trove, daughter of John and Su- 
san (Leist) Grove, who was born in Pickaway 
County, January 30, l's33. Iler parents 
were natives of tliat county, and their ances- 
tors were from Pennsylvania. After his 
marriage Mr. King continued to reside on 
the old horastead until November, 1865, 
then came to Indiana and purchased IGO acres 
of partially improved land in Harrison Town- 
ship, where he followed farming and stock- 
raising until 188'2, then purchased his present 
home and occupied his tine brick residence. 
In the spring of 1SS() he was elected town- 
ship trustee, which oflice he fills creditably. 
Of the eight children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
King, six are living — Adeline, born June 1, 
1853, died December 2, 1858; Lewis Edward, 
born September 27, 1S55, married Lydia 
Evans; Amos, born December 28, 1857, 
married ]S'ettie Stewart February 12, 1885; 
Sarah Ellen, born December 24, 1860, wife 
of Edwin \\. Davis; George Franklin, born 
December 16, 1863, died September 24, 

1865; John Wesley, born April 1, 1867; 

(Jharlcs Henry, born March 9, 1870, and 
Clara Catherine, born April 19, 1873. Mr. 
King is a self-made man, and his success in 
life is due wholly to his attention to business. 
i>y honest dealing he has won the respect and 
confidence of all who know him. Politically 
he atHliates with the Democratic party. Mrs. 
King is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. 

^■H^APlOX FLEMING, one of the pioneers 
Yr/l "^^'^ \'rells Count}', and a i)rosperous 
=<:?^ agriculturist of Lancaster Township, 
was born in Jett'ei'son County, Ohio, July 1, 
1817, a son of Absalom and Sarah (Wright) 
Fleming, who were among the early settlers 
of that county. They were nati\es of Dela- 
ware and A'^irginia, respectively, and were 
married in Jefferson County, Ohio. Of the 
children born to them Aaron was the eldest 
child and only son. The eldest daughter, 
Mrs. Diana Cotton, lives in Blufl'ton; an- 
other daughter, Jane, lives in ilichigan; and 
Rachel, ISIrs. Lydia Stroup and Mrs. Mary 
Sides are deceased. Aaron Fleming was 
(piite young when his parents settled in 
Wayne County, Ohio, and there he was 
reared to manhood, his youth being spent in 
farm labor. In October, 1838, lie started in 
life for himself, ccjiniiig to Wells County, 
Lidiana, where he worked as a hired hand for 
Adam Hatfield for two j-ears for $200, re- 
ceiving in payment a deed of 100 acres of 
land on section 2 of Pock Creek Township. 
One year later he returned to Ohio, and was 
married in his native State September 15, 
1842, to Sarah Pell Kirkpatrick, who was 
born November 29, 1821, a daughter of 
Daniel and Mary (Johnston) Kirkpatrick. 
Eleven children have been born to ilr. and 






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Mrs. l''leiiiiiio;, (if Mil, Jill six (lie<l in ciirly 
I'liildliuud. 'i'liDso yet liviiii^' are- Ar;iry,l;iiiL', 
wife of jVlbert AVilsdii, li\iii^- in l.anciister 
Township; Sarah Ann, wife of Jeremiah 
Sowl, of Lliiion Townsliip; Lydia I'.ell, wife 
of James AVilson, of Harrison Townsliip; 
Drusilla E., wife of Donaldson "Wilson, of 
Union Township; ILartha J., wife of David 
T. AVasson, of [Inion Township. ^Vhont two 
weeks after their marriage iTi'. and Mrs. Flem- 
ing settleil on his land in Rock Creek Town- 
ship, in a log cabin, wliere the folU)wing sea- 
son they had three acres cleared and planted 
ill corn and potatoes. They lived on this 
land nine- years, opening ahont fifty acres, 
when they sold out and estahlished their 
home whei'e tliey now reside, on section G, 
Lancaster Township, in 1852, and again com- 
menced the laborious work of clearing the 
ibrest and building a home. lie is now the 
owner of -iT'J acres of valuable land, whicli is 
all managed by himself, and has 250 acres 
under cultivation and well imjirovetl. The 
parents of i\[r. Fleming came to AVells Coun- 
ty in 1844 and made their home with him in 
Hock Creek Township until he removed to 
Lancaster Township, when they lived on 
part of his farm in a separate 1k)USC. Hoth 
lived to an advanced age, the father dying 
iirst. Some years after his death the mother, 
a remarkably acti\e woman, considering her 
age, started out one morning to look fir her 
cows. Xot returning, search was made for 
her by the neighbors, when she was found 
dead, having been murdered, by whom or for 
what motive was a mystery which never has 
been solved,- as it was not known that slie 
had an enemy in tlie world. Mr. and JMrs. 
Aaron Fleming are Presbyterians in their 
religious faith, Mrs. Fleming having joined 
the Presbyterian churcli in 1839, and Mr. 
Fleming becoming a member of the same 
denomination in 181G. Li politics Mr. 

I''leiiiing was fdi'inerly a Whig, but has been 
a Ivepiiblican since Ihe organization of that 

the lilutt'ton j\Ianufacturing Com- 
pany, was liorn in AVayne County, 
New York, J\Iay 25, 1811, a son of Joliii 
Otis and Sarah (Hill) Fitch, natives of AVayne 
County, New York, the father born February 
8, 1812, of Scotch descent, and the mother 
born October 6, 1814, of English descent. 
The father died May 27, 188G, and the 
mother IMarch 2G, 1887, on the homestead in 
Cayuga County. "When our subject was fif- 
teen years old his parents moved to Cayuga 
County. He remained on the farm with 
them until 18G3, when he came to Indiana 
and worked at the carpenter's trade at Ken- 
dallville nntil the sjiring of 1884, when lie 
enlisted in the 100-day service and was as- 
signed to Company F, One Hundred and 
Thirty-ninth Indiana Infantry. He served 
120 days at Jlunfordville and Louisville, 
Kentucky. After being discharged at In- 
dianapolis he returned to Kendallville and 
for a short time worked at the carpenter's 
trade, when he mo\-ed to Rarry County, 
.Michigan, eight miles s<juth of Hastings, and 
in 18GS went to South Orange, New Jersey, 
and thence to Old Stockbridge, Massachu- 
setts, where he remained until the fall of 
187U, when he came to Bluffton, where he 
was soon after employed as workman in the 
corn-planter factor^' of T. Horton & Co. In 
1883 he, with Lee S. Kapp and W. W. 
"Weisell, organized the Bluft'ton ^Manufactur- 
ing Company, and he was by common consent 
made superintendent of the shop. JMarch 
25, 1863, he was married in Wayne County, 
New York, to Miss Sarah Elizabeth ^Ic- 

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Cauglian, who was born in A'^ewhury, Orange 
County, New York, Novciulier 12, 18-14, a 
danjilitei' of' Julin unil "S\\\.\-\ (Stewart) "Slc- 
Caii^-liaii. Hit fatlicr was lioiii in Comity 
Derry, Ireland, -Iiily Is, ISOli, and I'eniein- 
bers well the time when in ls3li, IS.'ST and 
1838 the Protestants carried their guns to 
church to prevent the Catholics from molest- 
in^c them. Mr. and Mrs. I'itcii liave tliree 
children— Ida :May, horn April 2, 1807, in 
JIarry County, Michigan; AniiaC, born July 
I'J, 1S71. an.l Fre.idie (i., born ^fareh (i, 
IsTCi, in lllult'ton, Indiana. -Mr. I'iteh is a 
member of lilntl'ton Lodge, No. 114, and 
of Bluffton Encam])ment, No. 141, I. O. O. F., 
and has passed all the chairs and has been 
representative to the Grand Lodge in both 
the subordinate lodge and encampment, anil 
has served as treasurer of the lodge live years. 
lie and his wife and eldest daughter arc 
members of the IJaptist church. 

§AVID C. IIUFFilAN, iL D., a promi- 
nent citizen of Wells County, is a native 
-;:-' of Ohio, born in Clarke County, Octo- 
ber 20, 1855, a son of Jacob and Sarah 
(Tenant) Ilulfman. The father was a son of 
Jacob llutl'man, Sr., one of the pioneers of 
Clarke ('onnty, ( )liio, who came frcjin Green- 
brier Count)-, in the Slienamloah Valley, 
^'irginia. lie was of German descent. The 
mother of our subject was born in Lancaster 
County, Pennsylvania, of Irish descent. The 
father was a merchant miller, and at one time 
was a merchant also in the city of Spritig- 
lield. lie also ran the Peru Mills at Spring- 
Held. He died in 1877. His widow yet 
survives, and is still a resident of Springlield. 
David C. Iluft'man, the subject of this sketch, 
received his education in the grammar and 
high schools of Springlield, and at the age 

of eighteen years began the study of medi- 
cine under the jjreceptorship of Dr. Cyrus 
De Richy of Springfield. In 1876 he entered 
till! ^liami ^ledical College, where he attend- 
ed lectures, graduating from that institution 
in 1878. He immediately commenced the 
practice of medicine at Springlield, where he 
followed his profession until coming to Mount 
Zion, Wells County, in September, 1885, and 
since coming here he has met with marked 
success, being well skilled in the knowledge 
of his profession, and has gained the confi- 
dence and i-espect of all who know him. Jle 
was united in marriage June 20, 18S2, at 
Yellow Springs, Ohio, to Miss Annie M. 
Landaker, a native of Clarke County, and 
daughter of (iideon and IK'ttie A. (Stratton) 
Landaker. Iler father was born in \'ii'ginia, 
coming to (Jliio in his boyhood, and her 
mother is a native of Cincinnati, Ohio. They 
are now residents of Jacksonville, Florida. 
Dr. IIufFinan became a member of the Clarke 
County Jledical Society when he coinmenc.d 
the practice of his profession, and in that 
society held the office of treasurer, and was 
a member of the board of censoi's. In 1880 
he held the office of chief medical examiner 
for the order of "Chosen Friends," of Clarke 
County, and in 1882 was appointed jail phy- 
sician of Sjtringtield, which jiosition he lield 
until he came to ^N^ells County. In 1882 he 
\vas also Surgeon for the Ninth Battery Light 
Artillery, of Springfield. In the fall of 1882, 
during the small-po.x epidemic at Springfield, 
he was apjtointed a member of the board, 
composed of three phj'sicians, to take meas- 
ures toward suppressing the epitlemic. He 
was especially fitted for this position, having 
thoroughly studied this disease in Cincinnati. 
AVhile the yellow fever was raging at Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, he offered his services to try 
to help the sufferers, but not being acclimated 
his offer was not accepted. Soon after be- 



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cmiiiiiy a resident of AVells County, Dr. l[utf- 
niau was elected an lionorary member of the 
AVells County IVFedieal Society, and was ap- 
l)ointed physician for Chester and Jackson 
townsiiijis. In ]iolitics the doctor affiliates 
with the Democratic party. Jioth he and 
his wife are members of the United Brethren 
cliurcli of Mount Zion. 

.■^^EOlvCiE (i A ISKIi, an active and enter- 
mTT- prising citizen of Chester Township, 
^l. was born in Wurtemberi^, Germany, 
the date of his birth being August 6, 1835, 
and is a sou of George and Anna (Pfengstag) 
Gaiser, his fatlier dying when lie was four 
years old. He passed his youth in his native 
country, remaining there until eighteen years 
of age, when with his brothei- David lie immi- 
grated to America, sailing from Havre, 
France, on the steamer Connecticut, and after 
a rather pleasant voyage of thirty-five days, 
they arrived in New York, liaving but 50 
cents in money, without friends, and unable 
to speak the English language. David Gaiser 
went to Dayton, Ohio, while George remained 
in New York and bound liimself out to a 
slioemaker named Deinmler, with whom he 
worked about three months. lie then 
went to another shoemaker named David 
Eldredgc, with whom lie sei'ved the rest of 
his apprenticesliip, and after learning liis 
trade he worked for i\Ir. Eldredgc as a jtiur- 
neyman for some time. After leaving New 
York he went to Dayton, Ohio, where he 
again met his brother. He soon found em- 
ployment with a man named JMichael Netf, 
for whom he worked until 1861. October 
28, 18G1, he was married to Martha A. Cloud, 
anativeof Highland County, Ohio, and daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Sarah (Sharp) Cloud, both 
now deceased, the father dying November 3, 

187C, and the mother about the year 1S50. 
Mr. Cloud was one of the earliest settlers of 
Grant County, Indiana, where he experienced 
many of the ])i'ivatioiis and hardships of pio- 
neer life, living in that county until his 
death. Of the live children born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Gaiser one son, David II., died in Kan- 
sas in the fall of ISSl). Those yet living are — 
Daniel, married VA'v/.a Liddleand is now living 
in Itoehmer, Indiana; ^Melvin A., William A. 
and Sarah ^Viina. In Oetoljer, 18(;i, ]\rr. 
Gaiser enlisted in the war of the Rebellion 
at Dayton, Ohio, and was assigned to Com- 
pany A, Eifty-eighth Ohiolnfantiy. His regi- 
ment I'cndezvoused at ('amp Chase, Columbus, 
and from there proceeded to Fort Donel- 
son, ])articipating in battle the same night. 
lie next took ])art in the battle of Shiloh, 
participating in both days' fight, his immediate 
command being under General Lew. Wallace. 
He then went to Corinth, thence to Memphis, 
and from there to Helena, Arkansas, where he 
participated in the A'icksburg campaign. 
He was at Chickasaw r.ayou, under General 
Fi-ank lilair, and was there taken prisoner 
and brought into \'icksburg, where he was 
paroletl the same night. At the end of 
thirty-five days he was taken to Jackson, Mis- 
sissippi, and thirty-five daj's later was taken to 
New Orleans, and after remaining there a few 
months he was taken by ship to New York and 
finally to (Jamj) Chtise, where lie was exchanged 
and returned home "u a furlough. He re- 
jiiined his regiment at Yicksburg, which 
was stationed there on provost duty, and 
ilr. (Taisei' was appointed Regimental Order- 
ly, holding that position until January, 1864, 
when he received an honorable discharge 
after an honorable service of over three years. 
He participated in battles, campaigns, 
marches and sieges, and experienced many of 
the horrors of the Southern prison pens, and 
after the war returned to his family at Day- 

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toll, <Miiu. He then removed to (!r;iiit Oounty, 
Indiana, Tivlicrc he boiiglit t\veiit3'-tliree acres 
of hind, for which he paid S30U down, ■\vlien 
he went to Warren, Iliintiiigton ("oiuity, 
to woi'k at his trade to pay the halaiice on 
his farm. He worked at liis trade for seven 
winters, wlieii he settled on his farm, and 
after getting his huul paid for lie traded it for 
forty acres, paying the difference in money, 
and afterward obtained eighty acres in the 
same manner. After ]iaying for this last 
tract of land and improving it he sold it and 
boutrht eighty acres of land in Chester Town- 
ship, where he has since the s])ring of 1882 
made his home. In politics Mr. (4ai8er casts 
his snllVage with the Kejiublician party. 
JJoth he and liis wife are members of the 
United Hrethren church, and during theirres- 
itlence in Chester Township have gained the 
respect of the entire community. 

§E()UGE FliYJiAGK, of Ossian, was 
born near Dayton, Montgomery Coun- 
ty, Ohio, son of Geoi'ge and Susannah 
(Deani) Fryback. They were of German an- 
cestry, the Deam family being natives of 
A'irginia, and theFrybacks of ilaryland. Tiie 
parents were married in Ohio, and in Sep- 
tember, 1839, tliey came to Indiana with 
eight children, Sarah, who married Joshua 
A. Duer, and Iloselda, who married Norman 
Clark, remaining in Ohio. They made a 
home in Hock Creek Township. The name 
of the children coming to this county were 
— JIassy, Caty Ann, Charlotte, Polly, Lewis, 
John, George, and William. The first cabin 
was soon erected in the wild woods. Their 
goods were transported with teams, one being 
an ox team and the other one a horse team. 
Tlie children were old enough to lend great 
assistance in clearing the land. 'J'he fatln-'r 

was not a healthy man and spent much of his 
time in the woods with his ritle. The larder 
was always iilled ■with venison, although the 
family were sometimes scarce of bread. The 
father was a noted bee hunter and wild bees 
were very plenty. The honey tasted strongly 
of " richweed, " which grew in great abund- 
ance, and in some places the pea vine upon 
wliich the stock fattened was at that time 
plentiful in the woods. The father had but 
little money left after his half section of land 
was paid for. ilost of the clearing was done 
by his sons, who grew up strong and robust. 
Our subject was fond of the chase, and many 
a fine buck was carried to las father's cabin. 
Wild turkey and raccoon were also plenty, 
and most of the money the early settlers had 
was deriveil from the sale of deer skins, 
furs, etc., which were captured during the 
winter and spring mouths. One of the tirst 
hunts taken by our subject was after a yoke 
of steers that had strayed away. ^Vrmed with 
a llint-lock gun, he started, in August to look 
them up, and perchance kill a deer, lie had 
not proceeded far up the river when he 
sighted a deer standing in the ri\-er some 
distance away. Hoping to get a shot, he 
]jeered cautiously about, and us the water was 
low, waded out a cousideralile distance from 
shore. Sighting his game, he crossed the 
river and came out almost opposite the deer, 
concealing himself in a tree top. The deer 
turned his head toward him and within good 
shootingdistance. George had a severe attack of 
buck fever, but after taking aim several times, 
pulled the trigger and the deer fell. He re- 
loaded his gun and waded in for liis game, 
which was carried home in great triumph. 
The parents lived to a ripe old age. Their 
iiome, during the last few years of their life, 
was made with our sul>ject, the children be- 
incr all inan-ied and settled in life. I'lie 
father was uightv-three years old at his death. 





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wliicli DccuiTcil -Inly 30, 1S75. Tlie nuitlier 
ilic(l in Ffliniary, IS77. ]M--lit wf the chil- 
dren are now !i\iiiL;' ( 'harl(.itt(j ;uid Lreijfi^u 
ln'iiii^ all that ai'o li\iiicj; in this county. 
( Icorirc married l']\e Sehwart/,, in IS I'.l.danirh- 
ter of Geori^o and Surah iSediwartz, also early 
settlers of this county. The Sehwortz fiiniily 
came from jMoutgomery County, Ohio, and 
settled in IJock Creek Township in 1841-'42. 
For several years the young couple lived on 
the father's farm, George having huilt a hewed 
lug caliin, and in 1S5L he iiurehased the laud 
upon wliieli lie .still resides. ILis lirst ini- 
])rovement was a cabin, and he began clearing 
anil digging up the stumps. In a short time he 
had a nice little farm. (Children were born 
to them in the cabin where their domestic 
life was begun, and while their advent in- 
creased their joys they also added to their 
cares. Oliver 1). and J.,evi T. were burn on 
the old homestead. James, Frank, Mary M. 
and Sarah S. were liurn on the land now 
owned by the father. After a small lield was 
cleaied and planted to corn, our subject 
moved to the Schwartz farm, where he re- 
mained two years, renting his own land. 
All the impi-ovements his tenant made dur- 
ing his al)sence was to burn up a lot of rails 
tluit he had made before renting, aud when 
he retui-ned, his farm was not in a much 
better condition for tilling than when he left 
it. Mr. Fryback has attended many of the 
log-rolliugs and cabin and barn raisings in this 
neighborhood, and muscle was used to its 
greatest extent. As the years rolled by, ini- 
]irovements became more marked. Frame resi- 
dences took the place of the old log cabins with 
their mnd-and-stick chimneys. The children 
grew to maturity, and four of them are liappily 
married. Oliver was the first one married ; he 
became the Inisband of Emma Shelly, whose 
parents were German. They resided in IJhdf- 
ton when the mari'iagc took place. They had 

three children, Init the wife is now deceased. 
Levi inari'it'd Saniautha, daughter of Abram 
^\'uudard, \\\\n iiuw resides in Ossian; the 
yuuiig couple now reside in Jelfers(jn Town- 
ship on a farm; they have luul live children. 
Mary became the wife of William Karn, a 
fai-mer of Union Township, and they have 
three children. James married Jennie Fer- 
guson, whose parents came to this county 
from Ivansas. Oah' onedaugliter is married; 
she resides at Uuiondale, where James does 
carpenter work. ,Mr. l-'rybaclc has iu>t sought 
oliice, bnt he has tilled seviu'al otiic.ial posi- 
tions in his township. Their daughter Mary 
secured a good education, and obtained a cer- 
tificate for teaching, but never engaged in the 
profession. Fraidv remains with his parents 
and lielps to work the farm. The old log 
cabin has been replaced by modern buildings, 
and the pioneer of 18iO can hardly recog- 
nize the beauty and wealth of the country 
thi'ough whose trackless woods the bounding 
deer and thrnniming turkey were so often 

vpLIAS V. iMOllKICAJ., farmer, Notting- 
\ry. ham Townshi]), was born in Darke 
"cM County, Ohio, September 8, 1S42, sun 
of Clark and Sarah (Fence) Morrical, the 
former a native of \'irginia, and the latter of 
Ohio. The father removed with his parents 
from Yirgiina to Darke County, where he was 
married. AVhen Elias was about two years 
old his parents removed to Indiana, living 
there eleven years, then went to Kankakee 
Cuunty, Illinois, where they passed tlie re- 
uuiiuder of their days. The father died 
April 28, 1857, in Marshall County, Indiana, 
whither he had gone on business. The 
mother survived him until December 28, 
1X07. Flias was thirteen years of age when 



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liis pai'cuts removed to Kankakee County. 
He lived there until he came to AVells Comity. 
In 18G5 he went to ^riclii<f;in, where he was 
engaged in the jMinip business, and the fol- 
lowing year came to AVells Oounty, where he 
was married October 30, 1S70, to Sarah O. 
Adams, who died September 14, 187G, leav- 
ing four children. All e.xcejit Dora are de- 
ceased — Olive, and two infants uimaiaed. 
The year after his marriage .Mr. ]\lorrical re- 
turned to Kaid<akce, where he resided two 
years, then removetl to this county. It was 
here that his wife died, and in 1S77 he went to 
Randolph County, where he was manied Octo- 
ber 17, 1877, to Mary Jane Clcvinger, who 
died May 28, 1879, leaving one child — Itosa 
JIay. Ill 187'J he returned to AVells County 
and located in his ])resent home. Mr. Alor- 
rical is indejjendent in politics, but is a strong 
temperance man. He owns about seventy- 
nine acres of land, si.xty-niiie acres being 
cleared. He was married to his present wife 
January 17, lS82. She was formerly iVlice 
M. Tinslcy, a resident of IuuKlol](h County, 
and a daughter of ]\ralaehi and ^Margaret E. 
Tinsley; the father is deceased and the mother 
is a resident of iSottinijham. 

fOSEl'Il C. SlLVEll, retired, a resident 
of Ijlulftoii, was born in JMonmonth 
•^K. County, New Jersey, April 23, 1800. 
lie was an infant when his father, also named 
Joseph C. Silver, moved with his family to 
i\[ason County, Iventucky. I )urii)g the second 
War with (ii-eat llritain the latter joined 
" Dick '" Johnsuii's mounted ritlenien, moved 
his family to Montgomery County, Ohio, and 
started for the seat of war; b>it before he 
was called upon to participate in any engage- 
ment he was thrown from his horse, and from 
the injuries lu^ thereby reccix'eil in his iirea>t 

he died in 1S20, aged abnut thirty-three 
3-cars. Ills M-ife, ju'e Ulioda .lohiisoii, snr- 
vi\-ed until she reached the advanced age of 
seventy-eight years, when she died in Greene 
County, Ohio. Tiie jiateriial grandparents of 
the subject of this sketch were Nathan and 
Hannah (Woodward) Silver, who moved from 
New Jersey to Ohio about 1808, and finally 
died at their home upon a farm ten miles 
south of Dayton, the former in 1818, and the 
latter a number of years previous. Air. 
Silver, our subject, as he grew up learned the 
trade of carjienter. Soon after he was mar- 
ried, in the winter of 182S-'2'J, he purchased 
the lease of a water-power saw-mill in Aiont- 
gomery County, Ohio, wliicli shortly aflei-- 
ward burned down on his hands, leaving him 
in debt and with no resources but bis own 
indomitable pluck and energy. Friends otlei'cd 
to assist him, but after some hesitation he 
respectfully declined to receive any contribu- 
tions, being determined to put himself ujion 
bis feet again, which he indeed succeeded in 
doing. In 1831 he moved to Fort AVayne, 
this State, and was the tii-st to bring a steam 
saw-mill into Allen C!onnty, which he set up 
in running order. While living in the north- 
ern part of that county he cleared 200 acres 
of land, on wiiich he followed farming; and 
during his residence there he was elected 
justice of the peace for a term of live years, 
but at the end of two and a lialf years lie re- 
si'nied the otKce. Subsequently he was elected 
constable, and was also appointed deputy 
sheriff of Allen County by Sherift' J. L. 
Sweeny, and he served in these relations for 
a term of two year,s, during which time lie 
resided at Fort Wayne. In the spring of 
1855 he moved to iJlulfton, purchasing 200 
acres of land near the town, anticipating a 
rise in value on acccjunt of the prosjiect of 
railroads; but these were deferred so long 
that Mr. Silver was obliged l<> sell at very 


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little iidvaiicc. lie al.^o l)uni,'lit live-stock, 
sliippinii; it t<.) tin- I'^ast. At this jilace lie 
al^fi iiui-cliaseil a sa'w-inill, wliicli too was 
Imi-iK'il ilcwii, lint he relniilt ;niil fan the mill 
alxiut I'onr years h>no;ei', ami then sold it and 
devoted his attention more closely to the 
real estate Imsiness. For a year or so past 
lie has retired himselt' I'nun active business 
cares. ^h\ Silver was married October 10, 
1«'2S, to :\largaret Fitts, daiijrhter of Philip 
and Mary (Ilendrickson) Fitts. Her father 
died in ls25, but her mother is yet living at 
the great age of ninety-seven years. Mrs. 
Silver was born January 18, 1810, and the 
aged and venerable couple have now passed 
their "golden wedding"' day by nearly nine 
years. Their children have been — ]\Iinerva, 
deceased; "William, living at Morgan ville, 
Kansas; Philip W., residing in J )e Xalb 
County, this State; Samuel 1)., at Denver, 
Colorado; Henry Clay, who died at Shreve- 
port. Louisiana; "Winlield Scott, attorney at 
law in Phititon; Mary, deceased, besides two 
others who died in infimcy. 

"jj L-ii nent citizen of Lancaster Township, 
M,'^' where he resides on section 28, has 
been identified with the interests of "Wells 
County since 1852. In the spring of that 
year he came here from "Wayne County, 
Ohio, and erected a hewed log house on his 
land, 120 acres of heavily timbered land, which 
he had purchased in J unc, 184G. After erect- 
ing his house he returned to Ohio, and in 
September, 1852, moved his family to liis 
pioneer home in AVells County. Mr. Green- 
lield is a native uf AVayne County, Ohio, 
born September 13, 1821, a son of Zachariah 
and Jane (Forsyth) Greenlield, his father 
born in Paltimoro County, ]\Liryland, May 

15, 1798, and his mother in the County 
Tyrone, Ireland. . I une 25, 1792. They were 
married July 7. 1^21, in AVayne County, 
()liio, and to tliem were born two ehildren — 
Nathaniel and Pebecca Jane. The latter 
was born in Wayne t'ounty, Ohio, January 
28, 1828, and was married to John Shafer, 
November 1, 1818. To them were born two 
soijs — James N. Greenfield, Ijorn August 2G, 
1819, died September 30, 1865, and AVinslow 
B., born Octolier 3, 1851, died February 18, 
1800. John Shafer was born in Stark Coun- 
ty, Ohio, July 17, is20,and died near wliere 
he was born December 21, 1879. Mrs. 
Shafer is still a widow, residing in North 
Lawrence, Stark County, Ohio, still hold- 
ing the position of ticket agent for the 
Pittsburg, Fort AVayne A: Chicago Railroad, 
which position she has held for twenty-five 
years. The father was one of the pioneers uf 
"Wayne County, Ohio, settling in the then 
wilderness of that county as early as the year 
1818. He cleared a farm and erected good 
buildings and enjoyed a comfortable home 
in that county until his death March 25, 
1876. He was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church for over fifty years and was 
a member of the first organization of that 
church in that part of the country and for 
one year the only sur\iving member of that 
first organization. The mother of our sub- 
ject died November 15, 1856. She was also 
a member of the ilethodist Episcopal church 
dnrinn- her married life. Natlianiel Greenfield 
was early in life inured to hard labor, his 
youth being spent in assisting his father 
with the work of the farm. Muscle was in 
demand; all manner of work required hard 
muscle; ground was plowed with primitive 
plows with wooden mold boards; grain was 
cut with sickles and threshed with flails, and 
cleaned with a sheet; horses were used by 
.some farmers for ti-amping oil" grain, ])assing 


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ai\iiiii<l in ii cii-cle on tlic l);irii fhior. Tlie 
opportunity tor an education was very liinitc<l, 
liis loni^-ijht term ul' sclioi.ilini;' at, any one 
term being sixty-tive days, hut by persevering 
indnsti-y and ]irivate study lie secured a fair 
education, and wlien twcnty-tliree years of 
age was (jualificd to teacli, and for a while 
taught near liis old liome in Ohio. After 
coming to A\'el]s County he taught the fii'st 
winter in liis district, the school being held 
in a l(.ig cabin with the desks fastened to the 
walls of the house on tlirue sides, scholars 
facing the walls. The following spring he 
was elected clerk of the township board of 
trustees, and through his intluence twelve 
new frame school-liouses were erected in his 
township. The two winters following he 
taught the school in his district, and the 
three following winters he was engaged in 
teaching in the schools in r)lufl'ton, after 
which he taught in his own district again. 
Mr. (ii'cenlield was united in marriage in 
AVaync Count}-, Ohio, October 2, 1845, to 
j\riss Elizabeth Keuagy, and to them wjis born 
one daughter, Elizabeth Jauc, September 14, 
184G. Elizabeth (-Ireenfield died September 
15, lS4(i. Elizabeth Jane was reared by her 
gi'andparents until her grandmother Green- 
lield died; then she came to Wells County, 
and lived with her father until Sejttember I'J, 
lSf)7, when she was united in marriage to 
Jtihn AVasson. They are now living in J51uff- 
ton and have a family of six children. J\lr. 
(Treenfield was married to liis present wife, 
Miss a\[aria Jane Sliafer, in Stark County, 
Ohio, ^^ny 8, 1851, who was boi'ii in that 
county Afarch BO, 1832, a daughter of John 
and ICve Shafer, both of wliom died in Stark 
County, the father in August, 18G1, aged 
seventy-one years, and the mother at the 
advanced age of eighty-four years July 31, 
187(5. They were the parents of four sons 
and four daughters, Mrs. Grccnlicld being I 

the youngest chiM. Their daughter Mary 
resides in lilull't.m, and is the wife of Ilichard 
S. Jlowman, a farmer, who has retired from 
active business. Afrs. Margret "^'uung, an- 
other daughter, resides in Stai'k County, Ohio, 
the widow of Cyrus Young. Philip Shafer, 
the only living son, resiileson the home farm. 
AVilliam, Susan, i\[ichael and John are de- 
ceased. 'Jo Mr. and Mrs. Crcentield have 
been born two children — Eva E., born in 
AVells County, Indiana, November 30, 1868, 
was united in marriage to Madison Powell, 
jN'ovember 27, 1884, and now lives in Hebron, 
Thayer County, Nebraska; Anna Jj., living at 
jiomc with her parents, was liorn February 0, 
1808, and graduated in the class of 188G, 
from the Plutfton High School. The first 
home of our subject after coming to Wells 
County was replaced by a fine two-story 
frame residence in 1807. His buildings for the 
accommodation of his stock were all erected 
with a view to comfort and convenience and 
are all in good condition. He devotes some 
attention to stock raising and is making a 
sjjecialty of short-horn cattle, also has a few 
Jerseys. He lias always been an industrious 
citizen and by his persevering energy and 
good management has acquired his present 
tine property, he having commenced life in 
AVells County on a very small capital. In 
October, 1801, Jfr. (Trceniield enlisted as a 
recruit in Company G, Twelfth Indiana l\\- 
tantry. Ilisregimentwasassigned tothe Army 
of the Potomac and was in General Ijanks' 
command through ^Maryland and Virginia. 
In February, 1S05, he re-enlisted in the One 
Hundred and Fifty-third Indiana Infantry 
and served as (,)uartermaster-Sergeant. In 
early days jA[r. (xreentield was a Henry Clay 
AVhig, and naturally was one of the founders 
of the Kepublican party in AVells Coun- 
ty, lie has ever since been ])rominent 
in the councils of that political party, and is 

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the iicluuiwli'ilircl leader ol' his jKii'ly in Lan- 
caster 'J'dwnship. jly tlie snil'iages of his 
iVieiids (if Ixjtli ])artii'b lie was elcL'tfil to thu 
olHcc of t(nvnshiji tiai^tec for one term, wliieli 
alone t-liows his popuhirity in liis township, 
lieimr tiien over 100 Democratic majority, 
lie is chissed among the active and pnblic- 
spirited citizens of AVells County, and is 
always readv to ai<l in any cntei-prisc for the 
advancenicnt of his township or county, and 
hy his i^eniid manners and strict and hoiior- 
ahie dealinos he gained the confidence and 
esteem of the entire community. 

i:"^-^:^ATT]llASW. liOWMAN is tliercsi- 
\l^/\- ''*-'"'' '""'"^oC of the business of 
'=r:~.-t:' FerjTuson ik. Bowman, lumber manu- 
facturer?, at .Murray Station, Lancaster Town- 
ship. The property is situated in the center 
of section 10, wliere tliey own 200 acres of 
land adjoininij their steam saw-mill, the tim- 
ber from tliis land boinj:; manufactured into 
lumber by themselves, and the land being as 
fast as cleared pdaeed under cultivation. 
Their mill is 30 x 104 feet, with a liffy horse- 
power eni:;ine, and was erected in 1882. Since 
acipiiriiiij^ the property the firm have made 
quite extensive improvements, among the 
most noticeable being iMr. IJowman's fine 
residence, near the mill, and a large barn. 
J\Ir. iiownnui is a native of Ohio, born in 
Cdumbiana County, I'ebruary 21, 18-13, and 
is a t-on of Henry and Harriet (Armstrong) 
ISowman. Li iNul he was brought by his 
parents to Allen County, Indiana, bis parents 
still living on their property in J^a Fayette 
Township. They were natives of Columbiana 
County, Ohio. Our subject remained under 
the lionie roof until he enlisted in the war of 
the liebellion, when he became a member of 

Comjiany I >, One llundi-ed and Thirty- 
seventh Iniliana Infantry. lie was mustered 
into the service May 1, 1804, for 100 days. 
He was in service principally in Tennessee 
tintil bis discharge, Se]>tember 21, 18G4, 
when he retiirnel to his home in Allen 
Connty, and engaged in teaching for about 
two years. He was married in April, 1860, 
to ]\[iss Sarah Crab, a daugliter of AVilliam 
Crab, who resides in La Fayette Township, 
Allen County. .Mrs. Ilowman died in INTO, 
aged twenty-three years, and December 28, 
1874, .Mr. IJowman married Jliss Elizabeth 
Wilkcrson, who was born in Clinton County, 
Ohio, but reared in Allen County, Indiana, 
her hither, Thonuis Wilkerson, being a resi- 
dent of La Fayette Townshiii. In 18G0 ^Ir. 
Dowman engaged in the lumlier business 
with his father in Allen and Huntington 
counties, continuing until 1878, when the 
tirni became Ferguson it Cowman. In 1882 
they transferred their business to its present 
location, .Mr. Ferguson residing at Ferguson 
Station, Allen Coimty. ]\Ir. l!owiinin has 
charge of the railroail business at Murray 
Station. In politics he alliliates with the 
Ke])ublican party. He is a member of the 
ilasonic fraternity, belonging to Ijluffton 
Lodge, No. 145, and Chapter No. 1)5. Ho is 
also a comrade of Lew Dail}' Post, G. A. It., 
at Blufl'ton. 

F. STARIl, a progressive and enter- 
prising farmer of Chester Township, 
* was born in Chcstei' Township, AVells 
County, Indiana, August 12, 1840, a son of 
lienjamin and Matilda (Popejoy) Starr. His 
father was a native of Virginia, and when 
three years of age was lirought by his [jar- 
cuts to Hocking County, Ohio. There ho 
was reared to manhood and was married in 




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tluit county to liis first wife. They caino to 
AVells County among tlio farly settlers, set- 
tling liere in ISIU on a ti-act nf eii^lity acres 
wIiIl'Ii Mr. Starr had entered in the spring of 
1830. The land was entirely nninijM'oved, not 
a tree having Ijceii cut on the place. The 
family came from Ohio to their new home in 
AVells County in an ox wagon. They made 
a hrnsli shanty on their land, in which tliey 
lived until the father cleared a small space 
!Uid erected a log cabin, into which they 
moved as soon as it was completed. Here 
Mr. Starr lost his wife the following spring, 
and was snhsequcntly married to Matilda 
Topejoy, the mother of our subject, and both 
])arents are still living in this county, enjoy- 
in;; the rest wliicli they have so well earned 
by years of toil and industry. U. F. Starr, 
our subject, was reared and educated in AVells 
County, whei-e he has ahvays made his 
home. "When twcnty-si.x years of age his 
father gave him eighty acres of land of which 
twenty acres had been cleared. IJy persever- 
ing industry and good management he has 
prospered in his agricultural pursuits, and 
has added to his original eighty acres until 
his home farm in Chester Township now con- 
sists of lUO acres, of wdiich 125 acres liavc 
been cleai-ed, and beside this he owns si.\ty 
acres about a mile south of his home place, 
twelve acres of this tract being cleared, lie 
has erected all the buildings on his land and 
made many substantial improvements about 
the place. .January 1-i, 1S72, -Mr. Starr was 
united in marriage to Miss Sabina Nutler, a 
native of Hocking County, Ohio, whose 
father w.'is an early settler of AVells County, 
Indiana. Five children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Starr; four still living — JMary 
I'lanche, Ora Otis, Oliver and (^live (twins). 
Levi is deceased. J\lr. and Afrs. Slarr arc 
members of the Methodist I'rotcstant church. 
He is a trustee of lilancho Chapel, and is 

Secretary of the (Quarterly Coid'erence, Sala- 
monie Circuit, Indiana Conference. In poli- 
tics he alliliatcb with the rrohibition party. 

^,0I3ERT W. WILEY, farmer and stock- 
V| rM' raiser, was lioi'u in liockbridge County, 
"^1 Virginia, March 10, 1820, oidy son of 
John and >,'ancy (Athens) Wiley, also natives 
of A^irginia. The father was a son of Robert 
Wiley, who was of Irish parentage. The 
mother was a daughter of Wilson Athens, 
who served during the entire war of the IJev- 
olution. In September, 1836, the parents of 
our subject left their native State and re- 
moved to Preble County, Ohio, where they 
resideil two years, and then removed to 
Huntington County, Indiana, where they 
lived a short time, and hnally settled n])on 
the old Miles place in Jackson Township, this 
county, where the father entered eighty 
acres of Government land, and where the 
l^arents passed the remainder of their days. 
The father died March 14, 1857, at the age 
of tifty-iive years and five months; the 
mother survived him several years. They 
were the parents of four children — Charlotte, 
wife of Samuel (Triihth; liobert W.; ^lar- 
tha, wife of John Jones, and Eliza, who mar- 
rie<l Zebulon Stanton, and resides on the old 
homestead. During his youth our subject 
assisted his father in clearing and ini])roving 
his farm, and he remained at home until he 
was twenty-five years old, receiving at that 
time from his father eighty acres of wild land 
in Jackson Township. He worked out about 
four years, then purchased 360 acres of wild 
land on section 1, Liberty Township, for 
which he paid ^3.50 per acre. The money 
lie had earned by his own hard labor. A])ril 
27, 1855, he was married to Miss Sarah 
Jones, daughter of Enoch and Mary (Krier- 


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man) Juius, wlm rciiuiviMl I'nun 1 1 iijjlilimil 
( Viuiity, Oliiii, to lliiiitiiiutoii Comity, this 
State, in iiii early ilay. After lii.s inai-riai;-e, 
jMi-. Wiley rcnteil hunl lor aljoiit two years, 
tlieii settlei] iipun liis present farm, wliieli 
he has cleared ami inipi'oved, and erected line 
Ijuildings. lie now owns 2S0 acres of well- 
improved land, after helping his children to 
a good home. JVIr. and ^Irs. Wiley have had 
fourteen cliiklrcn, eight of whom are living — 
John, ]\rary E., Xancy, Alexander, IMahala, 
Amanila, I'crry an<l Charlotte J. The de- 
ceased are — Enoch, IJenry, .lones, JIartha E., 
and two died in early infancy. Jlrs. Wiley 
died April 1'^, 18S(), a worthy and consistent 
nieinljer of the C'liristian church. Politically 
Mr. ^Viley is a Uenu.icrat. 

AC(^i] ];LTSI!EK, farmer, at Ossian, was 
I'j born in Faii'lield County, Ohio, Novem- 
her 22, 1822, son of Jolm and Sarah 
(Derrick) linshec. His father was horn in 
Sidiuylkill r!ounty, Pennsylvania, of l''rcncli 
parentage, Imt being reared among the Ger- 
mans in that county he le;irned their language. 
Far back in the history of the religious wars 
in Europe and during the prosecution of the 
war between the Catholics and Protestants, 
the great-great-grandfather of our subject 
was one of those who dared to assert his belief 
in a i'owcr abo\c that of the J'ope. The 
great massacres which followed, in which 
rivers of innocent blood tlowcl on the streets, 
will be well remembered by every reader of 
liistory. One of the three men that escaped 
the merciless swortl was the remote ancestor 
of our subject. Tlie trio separated and 
liushee alone nnule his way to the seacoast 
where a vessel lay at anchor. Concealing 
himself among the rocks used for b.allast, he 

lay tor three <lays and nights before he al- 
lo\\i'(l anyoiH' to sec him, the ship then being 
far away on the bosom of the sea. Search 
was m.'iile before the \x'ssel sailed, anil after 
she weighed anchor two otlier inspections 
were made, but his secure concealment lialiled 
all discovery. He had been discovered by his 
enraged avengers prior to liis getting on 
board the vessel, but fortune favored him; 
and to this circumstance is due tlic fact that a 
race of men was bogtm in America, iK)t prolific, 
but noted in many ways. The discovery of 
Pusliec almost caused a mutiny on board the 
ship. The captain desired to put about and 
deliver him t(j the authorities; but between 
passengers and crew a reconciliation was ef- 
fected, and money was raised to ])ay his fare, 
and he Avas landed in New York. It is suj)- 
posed that he made his way to Perks County, 
Pennsylvania, married and reared three sons. 
One of these sons was John, who married 
and became the father of three sons, one of 
whom was Jacob, the grandfather of our sub- 
ject, who married Christina Laudich, who 
also bore three sons. John, the second son, 
and father of our subject, married Sarali 
Derrick, who boi-e three sons — Jacob, 
Richard and John W. The two latter died 
young, .lohii had two brothers — Jacob and 
Isaac, who also married and had three sons. 
Each of Isaac's sons were married and in 
turn became fathers of three sons. Jacob 
Pushee, our subject, was married in Laurel 
Township, Hocking County, Ohio, to iliss 
Olive Cave, August 1, 18i7, by David Parn- 
liill, J. P. Her father, licv. Emanuel Cave, 
was born in ICentucky, and was one of the 
first settlers of Oliio, and when married to 
Elizabeth Mouncc was unable to read or 
write. His wife taught him to read, and 
after his conversion he united with the 
Methodist Ejiiscopal church. His ajititude 
qualified him to preach the gospel, and for 

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sixty-six years lie travi'leil ;iiid preached the 
Word to hundreils and tlnjiisamls (A |>eo])le. 
His inini.stry cdosed with liis ileatli, l)iit liis 
last years were spent as a minister of the 
United I'.rethi'en elmreh. In 1850 our sulj- 
ject came to this county, settling in Union 
Township. Twelve 3'cars later he purchased 
laud in Jeft'ersou Township, lie cleared a 
seventy-acre farm in ()hiii, and since coming 
to Indiana he has cleared enough land to 
amount to 300 acres, and at least fifty acres 
of this contained trees that were cut into 
logs, rolled and hnrncd with his own hands. 
His location in Union Township was on the 
Indian Keserve, and his land was remote from 
roads. He cut his way to the tract, taking his 
wife and t'amily into a rude lop cabin near his 
land. Nearly all the men were young and 
roI>ust fellows, ami near his ])lace was a set- 
tlement of Hocking ('onnty men, wdiich he 
assisted in I'olling logs and erecting their 
buildings, as well as the men in his immedi- 
ate neighborhood. During the seven years 
following almost all the improvements were 
made. The clearings were divided into 
tracts, neighliors came in to help roll the 
logs, and were divided into squads under the 
leadership <if a captain, and much rivalry 
was manifested among the ditferent com- 
panies. ()»!y a i'Qw men are now left who 
aided in the ]iioiicer M'ork of that day. It 
was then customary to take a " dram " while 
at work, as it seemed to stimulate to in- 
creased cxcrtitm among tlie men. ^Ir. 
llushce, long used to clearing and rollings, 
was invariably chosen as a leader, and it is 
well known by men wlio were then partici- 
pants that his squad was never second in 
the work. Perhaps no man now living has 
done more to aid the pioneei-s than Mr. 
Ihishce, for his heart always had a kindly 
feeling for the sick or distressed. He aided 
in the building of almost all the early cabins. 

One of tlie most peculiar circumstances of 
his life was a presentiment which caused him 
to save the life of a neighbor. C'harles Earlc, 
now a resident of Union Township, was dan- 
geiously ill. .Mr. liushee had watched by 
his bedside until he was worn out with 
fatigue and loss of sleep. Leaving the sick 
man in c;ire of three watchers, he left the 
house and was to return the next evening. 
At two o'clock at night, the presentiment 
came that ho must go back and see the sick 
man. He arose and half-dressed himself, but 
concluded that it was all a dream, and it wouUl 
seem silly to go, as he was not to return that 
niglit. After breakfast he shouldered his ax 
and began cutting a tree about a (piarter of a 
mile distant from his house. P.ut when half 
done the impression came so strongly upon 
him that he niu^t hasten to the sick man, 
that he left his ax buried in the tree, ran to 
the house and as quickly as possible was on 
his way. Witli his horse at its higliest speed 
he made the three and a half miles and ar- 
rived to iind Earle pulseless, cold, and, to all 
appearances, dying. Used to emergencies, 
he applied stimulants externally and inter- 
nally, and later was rewarded by seeing his 
patient regain consciousness. Had ho not 
acted with such prcunjitness Earle's deatli 
would most ])robably have occurred a few 
moments later, ^fr. and Mrs. P.ushee have 
eight children — Allen, Sarah E., AVilliani, 
Ilhoda, James E., Matilda and IJethilda 
(twins), and Martha. The oldest son mar- 
ried Jane AVoods, and she had three sons. 
Rhoda married William Amos Arnold. The 
other children are unmarried. This biogra- 
phy is one of the most remarkable on record, 
containing as it does the wonderful fact of 
several generations in wliich each father liad 
three sons. Mr. Cusliee has been one of the 
most active politicians in the northern part 
of Wells County, having frequently acted as 


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(ielegiite to tlie oomity conventions and has 
iVecjiiently l)een onu of tliu county central 

W'/A'P «'*'''' I'l"'^'^'-'"! Indiana, was born in 
l"=cy^ I'ickerington, Kairtield County, Ohio, 
June 5, 1S4.S, a son of .lolin I', and Henri- 
etta (Turnei-) Gntelius. His father was a 
native of Pennsylvania, an<l left his native 
.State in INJi? and lived in Ohio until LSC.S. 
when he came to iJlulfton, A\'ells Connty, 
Indiana, and became proprietor of the Ex- 
change Hotel, winch lie continued until liis 
death, which occurred Jidy 15, 1871, at tlio 
age of seventy-three years. In politics he 
was a Democrat, and at one time was clerk 
of Union County, Pennsylvania. lie lield to 
no particular creed, and was a member of no 
cluu-ch. The mother of our subject is a na- 
tive of New York, but was reared in Colum- 
bus, ()hio, where she was taken by her 
jiarents when a cliild, in 1S18, and was there 
married to ]\Ir. Gntelius January 8, 1839, 
Vicing the second wife. Since his death she 
has li\-cd at lUutl'ton with her children. She 
is a mendicr of the ]\[ethodist Episcopal 
cliurch. Five of her eight childi'en are liv- 
ing, all residents of lilutfton — ]\Iartha J., wife 
of K. Y. Saylor; Henrietta L., wife of M. ]\r. 
Justus; William X.\ Emma M., wife of Hon. 
J. S. Dailey, and Thomas II. William A. 
(iutilius was reared in Eairlleld Connty, 
Ohio, and educate<l in the district schools 
and Fairiield Union Academy, at Pleasant- 
ville. Wlien thirteen years of age he began 
in a measure to supj)ort himself, being for 
two years a newsboy in Columbus. When 
nineteen years old he began to teach scliool, 
and taught in Fairfield County, Ohio, and 
in AVells County, Indiana. In ISHit he en- 

gaged in tlie liotel business with ins father, 
which continued until the hitter's death, and 
in 1871 he embarked in the drug business at 
IJluti'ton. Mr. Gntelius was married at Fort 
Wayne, Indiana, June 21, 1871, to Mary F. 
Buckles, daughter of John H. and Harriet S. 
(Vorris) Buckles. They have si.x cJiildreu — 
William P., horn ]\Iay 10, 1872; Harry E., 
September 21, 1S73; Hattie L., December 
13, 1875; Nettie, A]iril 13, 1877; Maud E., 
July 19, 1879, and Mary, August 13, 1885. 
^Ii\ (lUtelius is a mendter of I'.luff'ton Lodge, 
No. Ill, I. O. (). F. His father was made a 
Mason in 1819, and at his death was one of 
the oldest members of the order in the State 
of Indiana. 

INFIELD S. SETTLE, farmer, Not- 
tingham Township, was born in 
■°l;fe^ Pockingham County, North Caro- 
lina, November 20, 1841, son of Josiah and 
Nancy A. (Graves) Settle, the former also a 
native of North Carolina and of Scotcii-Irish 
descent, the latter a native of the same State, 
and of German ancestry. When Wintield 
was si.x years old his parents removed to 
Butler County, Ohio, where he was reared to 
niaidiood. In 18G9 his father died at the 
age of seventy years. About 1877 his mother 
removed to Kichmond, Indiana, where she still 
resides, aged seventy-two years. The father 
\vas formerly a merchant, but in Ohio he I'e- 
tired to a farm, where he passed the remainder 
of his days. Winfiehl was reared to farm 
life. He made his home in Butler County 
until 18G9, then came to this county and lo- 
cated on 160 acres of land that he had pre- 
viously 2)urchased, in Nottingham Township, 
where he now lives. When he lirst came to 
his place he found thirty acres cleared. The 
improvements consisted t)f a log cabin, which 

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is still stundiitir and lieiiig iisuil for storage. 
Tlicro was also a roiiml [mle .--talilo, standing 
wliLU'C his present resilience now is. Since 
Coming here he has added nineteen acres to 
his farm, and he now has about 105 acres 
cleared, lie erected his present residence in 
the fall of 1881. lie was married in Wells 
County, April 2-4, ISO'J, to Miss Elizabeth 
Alberson, a native of Adam? Comity, and a 
daughter of Chai'lcs and Alary Ann (llrown) 
Alberson. Her father was born in Randolph 
County and is now deceased, ller mother is 
a native of Jay County, and resides in Not- 
tingham Tow.iship. To this union have 
been liorn eight children — Nancy Ann, Will- 
iam Henry, ()live Cornelia, Winfield Scott, 
Thomas Josiah, James Edward, Charles and 
AValter Blain. January 2G, 1804, Mr. Settle 
enlisted in Company F, Eighty-fourth Indi- 
ana Infantry. He went from Henry County 
to Indianapolis, where he was mustered in and 
went into camp. From there he went to 
Cleveland, Tennessee, the regiment being en- 
camped at Blue Springs near that place, where 
he remained until the iJuzzard Roost count, 
then retui-ned and went into camji on the 
same grouiul as before, where he remained 
until the Atlanta campaign. His iirst en- 
gagement was at Tunnell Hill, then Resaca, 
Kingston, Pumpkin Vine Creek, Kenesaw 
ilountain, Pine Mountain, Neal Dow Church, 
Peach Tree Creek and Vining Station. At 
the latter place he was taken sick and was 
sent back to Marietta, Georgia, and a few- 
days later tcj Chattanooga. Two weeks after- 
ward be was sent to Lookout Mountain, where 
he remained about seven weeks, then received 
a ten days' furlough. At the expiration of 
his furlough he reported back to Lookout 
[Mountain, and from there went to join his 
regiment at Ilnntsville, Alabama. They then 
went by train and marches to East Tennessee 
tu intercept the lliglit of Lee when he should 

be driven from the defenses at Richmond, 
but he surrendered without making an 
attempt to get away. They then went to 
Nashville, thence to Johnsonville, on the 
Tcuiiessec River, thence by boat to New 
Orleans, thence to Te.\as, where he rema